Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 22, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIRTONUGHT AND TUESDAY VELVET VOICE OF RADIO VOLUME 49, NO. 158 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 22, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY Truman Pleads for Arms Approval Perfect Weather for Winonans Hurricane in East; Tremors in West Blue skies, sunshine and a cool breeze gave Winonans an ideal late summer weekend. There was a hint of fall along the river, and in the evening a chill settled on the valley as soon as the sun went down. Maximum temperature in the Winona area Sunday was 88, while last night the mercury dipped to 59. Elsewhere in the country, na- ture was not as kind. The Asso- ciated Press reported. A small Atlantic hurricane, whipping toward the Florida coast today poised a threat of further destruction. In the Pacific northwest, vio- lent earth tremors rocked a wide area but no casualties or major damage were reported. The quake apparently centered in British Columbia's Skeena river valley but was felt as far south as Portland, Ore. A two-foot wave lashed the waterfront of Ketchikan, Alaska, moments after the shock hit the area. Power lines were torn down and water mains broken in some parts of Seattle. The hurricane, probably in- creasing in size and intensity, roared toward the Florida coast, but observers said there was no immediate danger to the coast. At 5 a. ra., the blow, with 90- mile-an-hour winds at its heart, was centered about 440 miles east of Nassau in the Bahamas. It was moving west northwest at some 20 miles an hour. In the drought-stricken west, hundreds of firefighters battled flames in the national forest areas of six states where at least six major flres still raged out of control. Three swept through the Pay- ette National forest of central Idaho and three others through the Yellowstone National park in Wyoming. Four fire-fighting crewmen were hospitalized. In Quebec, fragments from exploding antiaircraft shells menaced army firefighters bat- tling a brush fire on the army proving grounds at St. Maurice en Haut. The shells were bu- ried duds that had failed to ex- plode during firing tests. No injuries were reported. The Alsops Reds Near Victory In Asia By Stewart AIsop odd sense of unreality which most travelers ex- perience on their return from abroad is curiously heightened in one who has returned to Washing- ton from the Far East. For it is perfectly clear that, if southeast Asia is allowed to go the way of China, an unthinkable war is vir- tually inevitable. And it is perfect- ly clear that southeast Asia will go the way of very soon a major effort Is made to reverse the process which is now under way. this causes the sense of is no atmosphere of urgency at all in Washington. There is a good deal of talk. There is a good deal of worrying. A good many policy papers are being writ- ten. But nothing very much is being done, and nobody seems to contemplate doing anything every much for a long time to come. If nothing is done, the sequence of events, as forecast by the most experienced observers in the Far East (and as undoubtedly forecast by V. M. Molotov, now directing the Soviet power drive in Asia) is broadly as follows: The Chinese communist armies will reach the borders of Indo-China and Burma while the noncommunist govern- ment in Burma and the noncom- munist Bao Dai regime in Indo- China are both still pathetically fee- ble. The promised "material sup- port" will be delivered to the Com- munist forces in these countries, and Burma and Indo-China will rapidly be transformed into "new democracies." Siam Will Follow When Burma and Indo-China go, Siam will this point every one (including the Siamese) is unanimous. The long, irregular Siamese-Malayan border will then become an avenue of infiltration and supply for the communist guer- rillas in Malaya, and the British position in Malaya will be render- ed untenable. The rest of southeast Asia gone, the pressure on the har- ried, new-born Nationalist govern- ment in Indonesia will be too great to withstand. All this Is not some sort of un pleasant nightmare about small faraway countries with peculiar names. It is what is now extremely likely to happen. It is likely to be- gin to happen, not in the distant future, but in a matter of months, before this year is out. This is not merely the opinion of this reporter. It is the opinion of every single informed observer on the spot. It is necessary to consider what it will mean to the United States if Southeast Asia, together with China, is organized under the authority of the kremlin. In the Tuesday afternoon to transact welfare board business. William P. Werner, Secret Letter To Shed Light On Freezers Mundt Checking Data to Resume Hearing Tuesday By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington A secret let- ter beginning "Dear Pop" is shed- ding new light on the perfume oil and home freezer aspects of the five percenter inquiry, Senator Mundt (R.-S. said today. The letter was written by a former member of the armed services to his father, who turned it over to Mundt. The South Dakota lawmak- is a member of the special Sen- ate subcommittee checking on whether improper influence has fig- ured in the handling of government business. Mundt declined to discuss the contents of the letter in- any detail. He did describe it as a significant eye-witness account "of something took place which appears to have arl important bearing on mat- ters we have been investigating." He added: "The letter ties in with the whole chain of events dealing with the presentation of home freezers to .prominent people in Washington and the subsequent activities of rep- resentatives of the perfume com- pany which paid for the freezers." Mundt said the youth who wrote the letter either will be called to testify at the Senate public hearings, 4. to be resumed tomorrow, or will be road failed to furnish boxcars to the Mrs, Dorthe Pappenfort, 29-year-old housewife, happily receives congratulations at Columbia, Mo., after whining in prizes on the "Stop the Music" radio giveaway show last night. Mrs. Pap- penrort is shown with her husband, Carson, and their two children, Robert William, two, and Ranne Jeanne, four. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Helpful Guest Helps Woman Win on ABC Show Columbia, attractive 29-year-old mother of two chil- dren won in prizes on the "Stop the Music" giveaway radio show last night with the help of a house guest. She is Mrs. Dorthe Pappenfort, wife of a Missouri highway depart- ment engineer. Mankato Tot Killed by Truck The American Broadcasting Company said she cor- rectly identified over the telephone the program's mystery melody as "Butter'd Pease." The helpful guest was her broth- er-in-law, Randall Pappenfort, of Kansas City. When a long distance operator asked Mrs. Pappenfort to stand by, Randall recalled that an article in a Kansas City newspaper identified Mankato IfP) The year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Rudy Stoltzman was killed Saturday when run over by a truck. The victim was Dorothy Stoltz- man. Dr. Roy N. Andrews, Blue the tune. The newspaper, the Kan- sas City Star, was in his automobile. He dashed out and retrieved the .newspaper in time to give Mrs. Pap- ipenfort the name before the call was completed. Her husband, Carson R. Pappen- Accused Officials To Meet Tuesday By Adolpb Biremer The Winona county board of commissioners, who by law also sit as members of the Winona county welfare board, are scheduled to meet Bundles for Britain Yield Nylon Hose London (JP) The British customs office said today it has broken up a racket under which smugglers, using food parcels as a blind, have sent more than pairs of nylon stockings from New York to Britain. Nylon stockings bring three to four times their American value on the British black market. Imports of such materials are rigorously controlled. A high luury tax adds to the price of nylons in regular .trade chan- nels. The customs office said the nylons were packed into par- cels labelled unleavened wafers. Each parcel consisted of three boxes, two actually containing wafers and the third crammed with 50 or more pairs of stock- ings. For Food Spoilage Minneapolis A .claim for more than damages was filed in federal court here today against the Minneapolis St. Louis Railroad by Pacific Gamble Robin- son Company. The company charged the rail- Hickenlooper Joins Drive To Pare Aid Washington Senator Hick- enlooper (R-Iowa) today joined in a Senate drive to trim the sought by the administra- tion to finance a foreign arms aid program. Hickenlooper, a member of the foreign relations committee, said the seven member board after jje thought the European countries County W. Kenneth Nis- could ..get along with substantially sen had informed him that the four jess money'1 than Secretary of State Acheson and military leaders' have asked Congress for. .He didn't say he would go as far as the House did last Friday. It slashed the tagged executive secretary said that the had welfare board, sent notices to commissioners 'under fire from State Public Examiner Richard A. Coiling still bold their offices. The welfare board is composed of seven five county commissioners plus two lay mem- bers, who at present are Harry L. Libera and Mrs. P. Earl Schwab. Routine Meeting The meeting set for o'clock tomorrow in the courthouse is a routine one, said Mr. Werner. The board meets; on his call, twice a month. Scheduled for approval by the welfare board tomorrow afternoon are adoptive proceedings, changes in various types of grants and oth- er matters. "They are matters that cannot be said Mr Werner. "I have a responsibility to little chil dren, and they cannot be provided for unless a meeting is held." With a seven-member board, an attendance of four would apparent- ly constitute a quorum. One commissioners charg- ed with "bribery and corruption" by the state public ond District Commissioner Carl J. chairman of the wel- fare board. If he and his three fellow com- j fruit and grocery wholesaler while the firm's truck drivers, members General Drivers Union, questioned privately. Names Withheld Mundt declined name the boy .1- his father. He said the letter [were on strike last spring, was prompted by accounts of the) The road claims its switchmen investigation which appeared in the! and engineers would not cross an rewspapers during the last few days.) imaginary picket line set up by the The committee has been told that! striking drivers, seven home freezers presented to] The produce company obtained a Major General Harry H. Vaughan federal court order requiring the and other Washington notables in road to furnish boxcars. It filed the 1945 were paid for by the.Albert Verley Company, a Chicago perfume oil firm. Vaughan, who is President Tru- man's military aide, will testify later this week. He said the freezers were given to him by David Bennett, head of the Verley Company, and Harry Hoffman, whose Milwaukee advertising firm handles the Verley account. Vaughan said he kept one of the units and turned the others over to friends. One went to Mrs. Truman at the summer White House in In- dependence, Mo. The committee also has received testimony that, likewise in 1945, Hoffman, John Maragon and a third Verley Company agent got govern- ment clearance for a business trip to Paris in an Army plane. They ar- rived on the heels of liberating troops. Varions Connections r Maragon has had various tions; he lists Vaughan as a friend. The official records of the! The occasion is the fifth annual Senate committee include testimony j conference of service officers. Ses- that Maragon, on his return from sions will continue through Wed- damage claim today as a civil con- tempt action under that order and asked for damages as a compensa- tory fine on the railroad. During the hearing on the order j the railroad said it feared it would) lose freight business from truck lines if it forced employes to run locomotives into the Gamble Robin- son property. The company asks damages for deterioration of perish- ables, storage, refrigeration, and other reasons. port attend tomorrow's meeting they would presumably be entitled to the usual fees associated with their attendance at those meetings. Commissioners collect per meeting of the welfare board, plus expenses mileage, food and lodg- they have incurred any. Or- dinarily, however, a meeting of the welfare board occupies only one afternoon. During 1948 the five commission- ers averaged about in salaries and expenses. The take of the four under fire: Third District Commissioner Au- gust H. Gensmer, Has not yet served a year. Fourth District Commissioner F. J. Says Defense Objective of Foreign Aid Speech to V.F.W. Cites Aggressive Moves of Russia By Ernest B. Vaccaro Miami, Fla. Presidnet Tru- man pleaded today for fast approv- al of the full arms aid program as "part of the price of peace." missioners named in Golling's re- of words between Yugoslavia and by the administration for North At-j He indirectly told critics of the lantic pact partners to in calling or just half the original amount, peace with free- There was speculation that thejdom and Justice "cannot be bought House's action would force the ad- cheaply" in a world made uneasy by "Soviet pressure." And he described the goal as prevention of aggression. "We are not arming ourselves and our friends to start a fight with the President said. "We are building our defenses so that we won't have to fight." He addressed the golden jubilee convention of the Veterans of For- eign Wars after an 822-mile flight here from Washington in the In- dependence, the White House plane. The President Russian tactics in the United Nations and elsewhere for the need to arm friendly nations "to resist aggres- sion." Russ Block Peace Russia, the President declared, "has blocked every effort to estab- lish an effective international pol- ice force and to free the world from fear of aggression." "For that he went on, "we have to join other friendly na- tions in forming regional defense parts." Efforts of Senate leaders to re- j store''ihe the House slashed, last week from the set aside for Western Eur- ope in the arms proposal were-un- derway in Washington. They faced ministration into some kind of compromise. This might take the form of accepting the House figure insofar as cash is concerned and trying for as much more as can be obtained in authority to enter contracts which would be paid for in later appropriations. Tito, Russia In White Hot WarofWords By The Associated Press London white hot war Russia grew more intense today as Marshal Tito's supporters hurl- ed defiant countercharges at the Soviets. In answer to a Russian threat to take "effective measures" to protect Russian citizens In YugO' slavia, the Yugoslav communist or- gan Borba accused the Soviet of opposition from a determined ec using these citizens as spies. Borba, mouthpiece of Tito's gov- ernment, said the Russian note was W. Officers Briefed On State Bonus St. veteran of- ficers from throughout the state started school here today to learn pay out the state soldiers Paris, tried to bring through cus- toms a quantity of valuable perfume essence disguised as four bottles of champagne. The committee nesday. The bonus task confronting ser- vice officers was explained by Wil- !liam A. Revier, state commissioner probers want toiof veterans affairs. know whether there was any Application forms will not be sent nection between the gift of the j to veterans until October.' Fifth District Commissioner This year the income will more, since the commissioners' an- full of "vile language, insults and helped will work together. threats" and was delivered in an insulting fashion. The Russian pro- onomy bloc and others who urged against voting the full sum until they are satisfied the nations to be test was delived to a doorman at! The President condemned com- munism for its "false" claim that it satisfies "the desire for the Yugoslav foreign ministry 5 a.m. at a better life." Red Promises False Instead, he said, it "lures men by false promises back to tyranny and slavery." The President made no reference to the plight of communist-control- "cormnform mentor accused led China. A new American policy Yugoslavia also replied yester- day to a Soviet note of August 11 which said Yugoslavia was an ene- my of the Soviet Union. They Yugoslav reply to her erst- May 1, from to and tha Russia of a double-cross in drop- nual salary was boosted, 'effective ping her support of Yugoslav claims for Austrian territory. mileage allowance from five to sixj The feud between the Russians cents, effective July 1, by the state! and Tito dates back to June, 1948, legislature. jwhen the Yugoslav reds were Beach collected more in 1948 thanj thrown out of the cominform (Com- his fellow commissioners International Information ly because, as chairman of theibureau) for deviation from Mos- board, he served on the board of cow-type Marxism. The Yugoslavs week. During that week he collects day, plus food West for money and supplies. and they are incurred. The commissioners also sit as the board of equalization once a year, and as such collect a day plus expenses. Meanwhile, County Attorney Nis- sen was planning to ask the state examiner to come to Winona, prob- ably Wednesday, to sign criminal Franco in Spain. Earth county coroner, said the fort, agreed with his wife the prize Ter nbert toddled into the path of a truck jliara_ two_ is facing a brain opera- driven by Earl van Guilder. ition soon to correct a condition The body of Oliver C. by a fall a year ago. The 67, was found on the banks of the Mississippi a short distance south of Bralnerd, Minn., Saturday. Peter- first place, it will mean either that City water and light employe, Japan's vital industrial _potential flad bgen missing since Wednesday. will be added to the kremlin's vast Asiatic empire, or that, to prevent this happening, the United States will be forced to transform Japan into a tightly held military colony. Japan Pressed With the inexorable need to feed her people, with her export market in the United States destroyed, it is nonsense to imagine that a non- communist Japan could hold out against communist pressure when her whole natural trading area had been organized under communist control. The United States could, and probably would, attempt to hold Japan permanently by mili- tary means. But ultimately this could only be done, if it could be done at all, by brutally repressive measures. In the second place, Southeast Asia is incomparably the richest remaining reservoir' of untapped resources in the world. Leave aside for the moment the strategic mean- ins of a communist southeast Asia. Consider only the economic mean- ing: If these riches are added to the Soviet power center, and sub- tracted from the West, the kind of overturn in the world power bal- (Continued on Page 13, Column 5) ALSOPS Sheriff Roy Wickland said death apparently was due to natural caus- s. At least three persons died yes- terday after a variety of weekend accidents in Wisconsin. Harry Gneiser, Jr., 26-year-old Fon du Lac auto agency executive, was killed and Wilma Zimmerman, 20, was injured seriously yesterday when Gneiser's light plane crashed near that city. A fall from his brother's car was fatal to Francis Parkinson, 25, La Fayette county farmer. Parkinson fell out as the car swerved into a ditch. Arthur C. Martin died yesterday at the Merton convalescent home, where he lived, of injuries suffered late Friday. The man was struck by a truck as he crossed highway 74 near Merton. Elmer Larson Dies Plymouth, Wis. Former Assemblyman Elmer Larson, 64, died of a heart attack last night at his home. He served in the legis- lature as a Sheboygan county rep- resentative and also was a for- Plymouth alderman. other child is Ramie Jeanne, four, a daughter. Academic Freedom Called Big Issue Academic free- dom is the first problem facing the nation's schools. President John M. Eklund of the American Federation of Teachers said today. Addressing the 32nd annual na- tional convention of the group, the Denver man defined the term as "the preservation of the rights of teachers to free inquiry." He termed the Communist party "a very real threat to democracy as we know but declared that freedom is stifled through arbitrary subversive lists, loyalty oaths and intimidation of teachers "Commurjists as members of the A.F.T. are a matter of more speci- fic he said. "As an. organ- ization dedicated to specific aims and purposes, we reserve jthe right to refuse to be weighted with the load 3f carrying those already com- mitted to any program which is contradiction to those principles." About 500 delegates representing the federation's members are attending the 'convention. home freezers by the Verley Com- pany and clearance for the Paris trip. They are also interested in knowing 'why Karagon was not prosecuted in the perfume-cham- pagne incident. The committee plans to question Maragon about the whole situation when yhe Is called to the witness stand this week. Mundt indicated that the "Dear Pop" letter he received ties into the freezer episode less directly than it does into the perfume oil incident and the Paris trip. The three Verley agents traveled to and from Europe on a plane op- erated by the Army's Air Transport Command. Asked whether the for- mer serviceman who wrote the let- ter was attached in 1945 to the A.T.C or the ah- corps, Mundt re- plied: 'That would comprise a pretty in- telligent line of conjecture." WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 85; minimum, 59; noon, 65; precipitation, none. Official observations foi the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum 59; noon, 32; precipitation, none; sun sets Tonight at sun rises to- morrow at FEDERAL FORECASTS For Winona and vicinity: Fair to- night and Tuesday with immediate ;emperature. Low tonight 65; high Tuesday 85. Additional Weather on Page 13. complaints against the four com- missioners. None of them had resigned up to noon today. were charged with anti-Soviet na- tionalism. concerning that country .is in course of study at the State depart- ment. But, he said, the Philippines and Korea, the two young republics in the Far East, "need military assis- tance if they are to maintain their national security." While most of the aid sought In the arms program would go to the Atlantic treaty countries, he ithe Philippines and Korea audit. And after each of the quarterly tax settlements, he checks tax re- ceipts, which may take as long as a bly since Tito, subjected to an eco-jis important to world peace. said will The split has widened percepti-jshare like others "whose security nomic boycott by the cominform nations, has made overtures to the "We must_continue our aid to Greece and Mr. Truman said. "We should help Iran main- tain its firm stand against Soviet pressure." West as the basis' for charges thatl Mr. Truman said military aid Is Yugoslavia was aligning herself i "part and parcel" of the policy of Russia, meanwhile, has used Ti- to's attempts to get help from the with Western "imperialists." The most recent Russian note went even further and compared Tito's regime with that of Generalissimo Tito has steadfastly refused to knuckle under to the kremlin and has publicly warned that his army is prepared to fight any invader. President Truman Is Greeted at Miami, Fla., by Senior Vice-Commander Clyde E. Lewis of the Vet- erans of Foreign Wars while Governor Fuller Warren and his wife look on. Senator Claude Pepper of Florida is at extreme right. Mr. Truman spoke briefly to the convention. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) ihelping European economic recov- 'ery. He conceded it was costly, but said "it represents an Investment in security that will be worth many times its cost." And he said it is "part of the cost of peace." Unity Important Unless the democracies stand to- gether to weld a defense structure strong enough to prevent another conflict, he said, they can be taken over "one by one." Contrasting United States' efforts to aid other countries with thosfe of Russia, the President cited U.S. support of the United Nations, and its aid to Greece and Turkey in 1947 which "preserved the integrity cc both countries." He said the Marshall plan recov- ery program prevented general col- lapse in Europe. The President applauded the signing of the pact of Rio De Jan- eiro bindics North and South Amer- ica together In a defense alliance and compared this with the North Atlantic defense pact. "The next he'said, "is to back up this principle with military assistance tor''European nations, and to certain other nations, which are unable to build up their de- fenses without outside help." He said the help would be ex- tended in three forms (1) By aid to these nations in increasing mil- itary production, (2) By transfer- ring to them essential military equipment and (3) By sending ex- perts to help tram and equip their military forces.' State Teachers Board to Meet St. Cloud, M. ichweickhard, state commissioner of education, announced today that the state teachers college board will lold its quarterly meeting at the Stl Cloud State Teachers college tomor-: row ajid Wednesday. Tuesday's ses- sion will start at 2 p. m.