Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 9, 1949, Winona, Minnesota PARTLY CLOUDY, CONTINUED WARM VOLUME 49, NO. 147 FM RADIO IS PERFECT RADIO WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 9, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES B-36 Contract The thermometer registered a sizzling 98 degrees on the sur- face. But when Jill Harstad, 20, of Harmony, Minn., carried it to the third and lowest level of Niagara Cave near Harmony Monday afternoon, the reading plunged to a frigid 48 degrees. Jill is seen at the left holding the thermometer in one of the cave's passage- ways about 300 feet below the surface. At right, a group of visitors shiver and two children bundle into a wool jacket as they descend to cool and still cooler depths. They are, reading from the top down, Al Ruhland, Decorah, holding Sharon Grow, Minneapolis, whose mother, Mrs. Ruth Grow, stands on the next step. Penny and Ruth Ann Grow are huddled together on the bottom step. One woman yesterday turned back at the start of the tour when she felt the frigid much Of a cooling atmosphere" she said, and return- ed to the blistering heat on the surface. Republican-Herald photos The AIsops Defense, State Units At Odds By Joseph Alsop Better Wear a Sweater Cave Offers Relief From Intense Heat; By Al Olson Harmony, Minn. When tile temperatures go up, here's one way Left Homeless by Ecuador Quake Washington-There were two cool off: Go down, brother, go down! tal props of the successful foreign policy of the earlier Truman era. The first was the close collabora- tion between the leaders of the ad- ministration and the leaders of both parties in Congress. The sec- ond was the intimate partnership between the State and Defense de- partments. The first prop was kicked away immediately after the election. The second prop is now showing signs1 of cracking. Any- thing more serious could hardly be imagined. Thus far, the only real danger signal is a kind of muttering, growl- ing tension between the two de- partments, arising largely from the And by "down" I mean about 300 feet below the surface of the earth into the subterranean coolness of a cave Niagara cave about four Forest Fire In Montana Under Control Helena, was win- Churchill Wants West Germany In Europe Unit Council Invites Turkey, Greece, Iceland to Talks By Joseph E. Dynan Strasbourg, France Wins- ton Churchill was scheduled to ar- rive today to press his appeal for admitting western Germany to the I newly-created Council of Europe. Foreign ministers of the ten founding countries opened their first session yesterday by inviting Turkey, Greece and Iceland to the council, which sponsors hope may some day grow into a full- fledged European union. Churchill, chief advocate of Euro pean union, will take his place as a British delegate at the first meeting of the council's consul- tative assembly tomorrow. Associates said the wartime prime minister is expected to pro- pose including western Germany as soon as its government is established after elections this month in the council. The ten charter members are Britain, France, Italy, the Nether- lands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Ireland. Greece and Turkey are expected to take their seats in the assembly tomorrow, bringing the member- ship to 101 delegates. Iceland, which will have three delegates, is expected to await ratification by its parliament In the fall before joining. The Council of Europe was es- tablished by' the founding states as a forum bringing together lead- ers of almost all political groups except the extremes of commu- nism and fascism. For the present it can only recommend policies to member governments. But its Quito, govern- ment faced the problem today of housing persons made home- less by Friday's earthquake which gutted 50 communities and caused thousands of deaths. A spokesman for President Galo Plaza Lasso said the government States of Europe with genuine ex- ecutive powers. The council is divided into two! Wranding to shake the measure from the confusion which had had not yet been able' to compile a j iiensign .fort death Jist, but estimated that the Basmussen pr his fight today against a fire Defense Louis Johnson. For rea- that has killed 13 persons and de- vasted woodland acres. The flames were being checked by 500 men, tired and grimy after a four day struggle: A. D. Moir, sons which are extremely hard to understand, Johnson from the first showed no wish for the kind of close relationship with the-State department that existed in the time of James V. Forrestal. Robert A, Lovett and George C. Marshall. It was not that Johnson exactly declared open war upon Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson. It was rather that State-Defense relations began to be disturbed by all sorts of petty, familiar, bureaucra- tic placed by the defense secretary on co- operation at lower levels; incur- sions by Johnson, in his role as Democratic money-raiser, into the field of State department appoint- ments; disputes over small prero- catives- Defense department criti- cisms 'of State department prac- tice AS IS NOW RATHER widely known, this first phase of guerrilla wa-fare has now emerged into a second phase of differences on po- licy Of these, there have been two. With a sound instinct for an ad ing August heat wave. Warm Clothing Visitors aren't always prepared! tents to the area and that He said the government had asked the American republics to rush the the sudden drop in tempera- umted States already was sending Helena National Forest supervisor, jtures, however. A sweater or wool miles southwest of here to be exact. By the time you've descended some 315 steps and hiked more than a mile through this under- ground wonderland you and the [temperature will have cooled off fast! Souvenir thermometers checked at the entrance to the cave yes- terday registered a blistering 98 de- grees. But on the third and lowest level of the cave the same ther- mometers had plunged to 48 de- frrccs. j Like walking into an ice Of the nouses still standing must be the trip through Niagara cave down- fers pleasant relief from the scorch- dea u, u esima Rasmussen presided over the morn- t voted toll might not exceed between session, taking his turn in the and 4 000. Previous estimates ranged! rotation system. Belgium's foreign measure ___ miooticvno nrn- 'TVio Trvnp Tlprnocr BeBe Shopp, center, of Hopkins, Minn., Miss America of 1948, goes for a swim at Deauville, France, with two unidentified French girls both of whom wear the bra and panties suit. Miss Shopp has described the latter type of suit as "a dab here and a bit right down here and back there." She is on a.33-day tour of European beaches and has announced she is on a crusade for clean thinking and against false Wirephoto to The Compromise Near On Foreign Aid Bill Washington By Don Whitehead The multi-billion dollar foreign recovery bill sped toward final congressional action today after a stormy passage ilirough the Senate. Lawmakers expected a Senate-House committee to reach quick agree- ment on the somewhat different versions the two branches have passed Orders Not Influenced From Outside Lovett Witness At House Probe of Bomber Program Washington UPI Robert A. Lovett, a former assistant secre- tary of war for air, told the House armed services committee today absolutely no outside Influence was exerted to get the B-36 bomber on its way in 1941. Lovett was the first witness as the committee opened its Investi- gation of the B-36 and strategic air power policies. l The B-36 was born to August, 1941, he said, after Air Corps plan- ners decided the U. S. had to have a bomber capable of lugging a. bomb load miles. A contract for designing the plane was awarded the Consoli- dated Vultee Aircraft Company after it and two other plane man- ufacturers had submitted prelimi- nary plans, Lovett related. Joseph B. Keenan, the commit- tee's special counsel for the in- vestigation, asked Lovett whether ic knew of "any evidence of in- fluence" from "bankers, industrial- ists, Floyd Odium, Mr. Emmanuel, or any other well known persons." No Evidence Indicated "Absolutely no Lovett replied. "I had never heard of Mr. Odium or Mr. Emmanuel at that time." Odium is head of the Atlas Cor- poration, which now controls Con-, solidated.. Victor Emmanuel bill late yesterday by.a top-heavy 63 to seven- vote. Senators ended almost two weeks (parliament) and the (parliament) ana. me uuimuincc of ministers made up of the foreign blocked action on more than ministers of the member states The committee of ministers has tl in money bills in addi- sembly. j. "must" by the administration. When the final showdown came, "Danish Foreign Minister Gustav six Republicans and the mnrfl- _ i__L n- _ ministers took up questions _of pro- up to The president announced Sunday that In the town of Pelileo alone some had perished. Plaza told newsmen that in the ravaged city of Ambato 75 per cent said the blaze should be 100 per cent controlled by tomorrow. Final control can not be assured until more mop-up work is done, Moir said. A final three miles of fireline will be built today, Moir said. Mop-up work, in this case one of the toughest phases of the battle, began last night as crews worked portions of the fire's extreme edges. The fatigued Montana crews pres- sed toward control of the fire in the gates of the mountains forest, 25 miles northeast of Helena. Equally tired fighters battled an explosive timber fire in the Pay- ette National Forest on Idaho's Al- mon river. Other crews yesterday mastered blaze which burned over UIiQ lllSllilwb- AWA A rv's weakest point, Johnson) acres of timber land in the Boise firpd the first shot by insisting thatj National Forest northeast of Idaho the United States ought to have a city. No serious injuries were re- Far Eastern policy of some sort, ported in either fire. The State department, although desiring nothing less than clear policy in Asia, lacked adequate grounds for opposing Johnson's sensible demand. An important ef- fort to shape Far Eastern policy thus began, and is still in progress. in this field as yet, contrary to common report, there has been on-, ly one open dispute. This arose from Johnson's opposition to pub- lication of the China white paper. on which he was unfortunately overruled. It remains to be seen what will occur when Johnson and Acheson must consider the new Far Eastern policy papers in .he security council as they will short- lyMeaamvhiled0another dispute has broken out over Yugoslavia. The 'issue is whether to permit the Tito regime to purchase a small steel blooming mill in this country. Some monfhs ago. the security council and the President approved a li- mited policy of aid to Tito, as an toportfnt crumb in the bed But Johnson has now adopted a view of Tito differing from the OF COMMERCE1 jacket is farthest from their minds And yet such clothing is a "must" for the descent if you want to remain comfortable. "Now be sure and take a wrap says the guide. And then she proceeds to put on a winter mackinaw and bundles a scarf around her head. Sweating travelers, from Penn- sylvania, Mexico, New York, Cali- fornia and almost a dozen other states laughed yesterday when the bit of advice was given. Those same visitors were doing a dance-like step about half an hour later as they shivered in the cold of the cave. cried one chattering little girl holding a wool shirt tight ly around her, "why can't we take some of this with us up Said another: "This is like a (Continued on Page 10, Column 2.) CAVE emergency shipments of canned foods. Plaza said his previous estimate of property damage might go much higher. The govern- ment plans a survey to get a defin- ite figUT3. Social Security Tax Boost Gets Committee 0. K. Washington The House ways and means committee agreed today to increase the Social Se- curity payroll tax from e iiguu. 000 a year to next The president's secretary, Miguel year anct to about in Albornoz, said the government plans 11951. to float a 20-year bond issue to get I The committee also called for The lone Democrat was Johnston of South Carolina. The Republi- can opponents were Capehart and Jenner of Indiana, Kern of Missouri, Langer of North Dakota, Malone of Nevada, and Williams of Maryland. Despite all the sound and fury of debate, the Senate bill does not differ greatly from the House-ap- proved measure. The Senate re- duced the money totals about ten per cent and added some amend- of which is expected to cause much trouble. Nationalization Curb Fails Kem made the final effort to amend the bill with a move to deny would" be any and Robert P. Patter- fight against Clark. json, former secretary of war, are Economic administra-i tion aid to any nation which in the future nationalized a basic industry. The amendment was town to "Tom Clark's going to be con-1 also scheduled to testify, thrnw a-brake on the British laborifirmed and what's the use of bat- The inquiry was voted after Re- government's socialization program, ting at him-that's my presentative Van Zandt 6 JL in tao ia.n armed services committee reconstruction going. Most of the victims in the town increases in the taxes in 1960, 1965 and 1970, with the rate of Pelileo were caught in buildings reaching three and one-fourth per that collapsed. Landslides from as compared with the present mountains" accounted for others. per cent against employer and Farmhouses' were flattened i employee. against tin ground and fields were; committee at the same time ripped apart by huge crevices (voted to increase by about 70 per Many other Pelileo victims the old age and survivors in a flood. A landslide blocked of persons already drawing drainage canal and the waters trap- ped many 'persons. Others died in their homes. Not a single house in the village remained standing. such benefits. This is calculated as a "cost of living" increase. These moves, all subject to House and Senate approval, followed yes- terday's committee approval of other sections of the Social Secur- ity expansion legislation that would add workers to the 35, I already covered by old I insurance. The committee's action came in j the face of virtual abandonment I by Democratic leaders of any hope for final congressional action this year on social security expansion. The committee, in its most im- portant social security action in a JI decade, decided also to boost old I age insurance benefits by 50 to 150 'per cent in some categories, and to increase the payroll taxes to finance the expanded program. WEATHER legislation marked tast the Token Protest Against Clark Seen in Senate Washington Some Repub- licans, were reported working up a token protest today against Presi- dent Truman's appointment of At- torney General Tom Clark to the Supreme court. Nevertheless, Senator Wherry of Nebraska, the G.O.P. floor leader, flatly predicted Clark'-s confirma- the Aviation Corporation, which controlled Consolidated before At- las. Both are due to testify before the committee later. Lovett, a World War I Navy flier, ''ordinary pro- cedure was departed from when the War department signed a con- tract for Consolidated to begin production of the new-long-range bomber. He said the company wanted the production order in June of 1943 before the experimental planes were completed. "The period of gestation for a new, competent aircraft is at least five he said. Necessity Cited "Because of the pressing neces- sity for a super bomber of exten- sive Lovett went on, the Air Force decided "to take the gamble and give an order for 100 B-36s." He said "approval by the secre- tary of war, the undersecretary, myself and General Arnold took place in June, or July of 1943." General H. H. Arnold was head of the Air Force during the war. Keenan asked Lovett if General Oil. J-'W JJ. v The attorney general, named to Arnold had passed on the plan. succeed the late Associate Justice Frank Murphy, was on the witness list before the Senate judiciary committee for any questions mem- bers might have. Wherry told a reported he didn't "He Lovett replied. "He was in favor of it. General Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Air Force chief of staff; Lieutenant General Curtis Le May, command- ing general of the strategic air Kem areued that socialization inine said. jan ariueu Britain is Mowing down the recov-l Senator Ferguson who member, said in a House speech ery effort The United States, hejhas to. that nolitics may have guided Air said, should encourage private en- terprise not only at home but abroad. Opponents of his plan declared this would be an unwarranted inter- ference by this government in the internal affairs of Europe. The Kem amendment was ruled out of order last Friday by Senator McGrath of Rhode Island for at- Tydings the Senate's pre- torney general. There has been no siding officer at the time. He held public sign of opposition to McGrath _ ._ _i _ _ Avnnn4r- voeicm lar.P some of Clai'k's official acts, said he will be governed in his attitude by what develops in testimony on the nomination. With early approval forecast for Clark's appointment, the judiciary committee then will take up the nomination of Senator J. Howard it violated Senate rules against who expects to resign late this it violated Senate rules against wuo writing policy-making law into an month as Democratic national chair- appropriation bill. [man. Heat Continues Only Sight.Relief For Rest of Week Baby, it's hot outside. It was a simmering 98 late yester- day afternoon and even nine hours of darkness last night couldn't drop the mercury farther down than 76. By noon today the mercury had hopped back to 90 on its ruthless trip toward the century mark. To- night, according to the forecast, it'll FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly t g, cloudy, continued warm tonight.! Tomorrow? Back to 94. !More cloudiness, somewhat cooler L J. U1UU11 u w IAJ 01. These circumstantial evidences of (Continued on Page 13, Column 3.) AESOPS Masses of rubble fill this street in Ambato after violent Ecuadorean earthquake. wrecked by failing Wirephoto to The Note vehicles I the presence of heat should come I as something of a .surprise to the j weatherman at the Chicago office Wednesday. Low tonight 79, Wednesday 94._____________ _ LOCAL-WEATHER bureau. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at. 12 m. today: Maximum, "98: minimum, row band of cool air around these parts. Ke could see one up around the Canadian border, maybe. Instead of a narrow band of cool air he saw a high pressure area southeast of here. This pressure area is pinning the hot air down and the cold front out, he said. Except for seeing temperatures in the low 90's instead of the high 90's Thursday, the weatherman can't see any relief for this area until the latter part of the week. :It was hot outside nearly all over yesterday. Such widely scattered points as New York city, Interna- there wasn't much to cheer the swel- iviaximiuu, 30. UUUUULUU, iul tering populace, except that a band noon, 90; precipitation, none; sunlof cool air was moving across Min- sets tonight at sun rises jnesota. tomorrow at The weatherman closer to Additional weather on page 13. lat La see. this nal- the eaer ureau. puuiws J.UIA. He announced this morning that tional Falls and Des Moines recorded r h swel- decrees of heat. 94 degrees of heat. Winnipeg had 103, Crookston 98, the Twin Cities 95, Denver 88, Du- luth 92, Kansas City 92, Chicago 95 and-Prairie du Chien 99. Baby, it's hot outside. ian armed services committee member, said in a House speech that politics may have guided Air Force purchasing plans and na- tional air power policies. He said he had heard "disturbing reports" about the relations of some top defense figures and airplane manu- facturers. The giant B-36, a six-engine Inter- continental bomber, is the Air Force's biggest heavyweight now, supplanting the B-29 of atomic bombing fame. Robert Ringling Critically III in Chicago Hospital Chicago, Robert Ring- ling, 51-year-old circus execu- tive, was reported still in ser- ious condition today after a critical seizure Friday. Ringling has been given sev- eral blood transfusions since he was brought to St. luke's hos- pital with a severe internal hcmmorhage. Doctors thought at first a stomach blood vessel was ruotured by an ulcer, but an exploratory operation failed to disclose an ulcer. His condition was described yesterday as fair and improv- ed. He and his wife, Irene, came to Chicago last week from Sar- asota, Fla., to visit the Ring- ling brothers, Barnum and Bailey combined shows which were performing at Grant park. He is director and former president of the circus corpora- tion, now headed by John Ring- ling North. Rlngrling's father, Charles, was one of the five brothers who founded the cir- cus.