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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 29, 1949, Winona, Minnesota PLEASANT TONIGHT, SATURDAY FM RADIO IS PERFECT RADIO WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 29, 1949 Troops Not Part of Aid Program Clark Named to Supreme Court, Attorney PostOffered McGrath 0 -By Jack Bell Truman's surprise choice of Attorney General Tom Clark for the Supreme court and Senator J. Howard Mc- JGrath for attorney general gained general approval of senators today, Although the President told his news conference yesterday that i Clark and McGrath hadn't finally agreed to the shift, there seemed I little doubt the two wiU announce their formal acceptance next weea. Clark, 49-year-old Texas lawyer, i would fill the court place left vacant! j by the death of Associate Justice] i Frank Murphy. Moving into Clark's place as the) nation's chief legal watchdog would Tom Clark The Alsops Burma Mess Not All Hopeless By Stewart Alsop Rangoon, Burma Here as else- where ir. Asia, the nationalist lead- ers who are now trying to govern Burma a're rather like intelligent but neurotic adolescents. They are adolescent in their lack of experi- ence .of the hard realities of power and politics. And they are neurotic in their obsessive fear of losing their hard-won independence. Yet because Burma's leaders are also highly intelligent, they are cap- able of learning. They are now learning some difficult lessons. It is this which makes it possible to say that the mess which is Bur- ma today is not a hopeless mess. The first lesson, which Truck Smashup Kills Detention Home Runaway Cedarburg. Wis. One of three youths who escaped from the Milwaukee juvenile detention home last night was killed early today when a stolen truck in which they were riding hit a wooden guard rail. The dead youth was Kenneth Bal- fanz, 16, identified by Ozaukee coun- ty authorities as the driver of the riicwuo .pickup truck. The injured were that once he is confirmed, McGrath'ponald Reutenberg, 14, who suffered ibe McGrath, 45- year-old chairman of the Democratic national commit- tee, former solici- i tor general and j former governor of Rhode Island. If arrangements jean be made this j weekend for ap- pointment of his Senate successor, McGrath is ex- pected to agree to accept the cabinet post. Friends said will resign as Democratic chairman. That would leave the post open for William M. Boyle, Jr., formerly of Kansas City, who has been serving as executive assistant at a yearly salary. Clark indicated that he is ready to take the court post. Observing that the- President had great honor on hir :he place, Clark said: fractures of both collar bones, and Chester Hausmann, 15. Balf anz and Reutenberg are wards of the Milwaukee county children's home. Hausmann's parents are liv- ing but he had been residing at a foster home before being sent to the in a, statement juvenile detention home. All three hv nfOrlncr were detained as incorrigibles, offi- cials said. The truck smashed through the rail posts cf the old covered over Cedar creek one and one-lialf miles northwest of here. sM down _ proach it. Such a position is the bankment but the rear end caught greatest challenge that can be placed before a lawyer. I hope I am worthy of the honor the. President has paid me." MaGrath said he wants to talk to his family and friends in Rhode Island before he decides finally. Involved was reported to be an understanding about his Senate successor. Most politicans think that if Governor John O. Pastore doesn't want the place himself, he will be urged by McGrath to appoint Mayor Dennis J. Roberts of Providence. Indications were the Senate will confirm the appointments within a relatively short time after they are sent to it officially. Senator Kerr (D.-Okla.) called them "fine appointments." "Both of between the bridge and halted the vehicle. Truman Names Reorganization Advisory Group Tru- man today established an advisory committee provernent on management to s assist him in have already learned, is that com- munists are communists. Like In- donesia's. Burma's nationalist House Speaker Rayburn, a fellow Texan, said Clark j would make a "great justice." On the Republican side, Majority uroveineiii. LO iiiiu jju i the government setup. 1m- im- the I group. Named to serve with Chairman Morgan in this new step in the reorganization pro- pease the communists. When the no "senatorial A ADDiev Of New York communists, nevertheless took jectlon to either. pretoen? of arms against the in j The president's action in linking agement association. government had originally a strong wherry, of Nebraska, said fellow-traveling coloration. Everylhe believes both will be confirmed, possible effort was made to ap-! Similarly, Senator Jenner (R.-Ind.) obedience to the Kremlin's jobs together was regarded! vineent Burke first strategy, the fellow-traveling tinge, generally on Capitol hill as advanceipostmaster general began rapidly to fade, a though that if another supreme Oscar Chfoman assistant has not yet faded out entirely. vacancy occurs while he is of interior THE SECOND LESSON which the Burmese leaders are learning is that they must have a settle- ment with the rebellious Karens. As long as the tough Karens are in revolt, Burma will remain a quivering: jelly which the Chinese communists will ultimately con- sume with ease. If the authority of the government is to be re-estab- lished, the Karens must be trans- formed from the enemies of the government into its active allies. The third lesson has been, for quite understandable reasons, the most difficult to learn. It is simply that without some help from the outside, the mess in Burma will never be cleared up. and the com- munists will inherit the power which the British surrendered. This lesson has been so difficult because the Burmese leaders re- act to anything that smacks of "intervention" as though they had been flicked with a whip in an openj wound. They are obsessed with the fear that somehow the British, or even perhaps the Americans, will seize power in Burma. However unreasonable this fear may be, it is necessary to recognize its ex- istence to understand not only what is fjoinpt on here but elsewhere in Asia. "You've got to remarked one astute American here, "that they're as scared of us as they are of the communists." This is still partly true, but it is a great deal less true than it was only a few months ago, when it was impossible to help the gov- ernment of Burma simply because the government refused all help. Now, by way of contrast, the Bur mese leaders are reluctantly con- (Continucd on Page 4, Column 4.) ALSOPS Supreme j Oscar chapman, under secretary in the White House McGrath Emmerich, Chicago, di- be expected to fill of the Public Administration Clark, a Presbyterian, was house. pointed to fill the only place Mason of Cambridge, the present court that had of the Harvard graduate held by a Roman Catholic. of public administration. there will be no member of Nelson of Princeton, N. J., faith represented if Clark is of the New York Life ly nominated and Company. But McGrath, as a Catholic, Palmer of Winnetka, HI., into a high place in Mr. vice-president of Marshall administration. And there Company. little doubt that, if given the F. Webb, under secretary again, the President will want state. put a Catholic on the Clapp, chairman of the Mr. Truman told his news ference yesterday that he, Early, undersecretary of think the religious choice of appointee had anything to do Director Frank Pace, Jr., the qualifications of, a meet with and advise the com- court 1 Swim, U. S. Miss Says WEATHER FEDEKAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity: Fair, cool and less humid tonight, low 60. Possibly down to 56 in country. Sat- urday fair and pleasant, high 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 96; minimum, 69; noon, 74; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 11. London Blond Shirley May France received a movie star's ovation today when she arrived to try to swim the Eng- lish channel. Flash bulbs popned and re- porters surrounded the pretty 16-year-olO. high school girl from Somerset, Mass., as she ar- rived at London's Waterloo sta- tion for Southhampton. "I have brought along four one-piece swimming suits to wear in she told newsmen, "but I will swim the channel nude. I probably won't even be wearing a suit when I enter the water." Shirley wore a mauve silk dress and a fawn coat with a fox collar. About her neck hung a piece of giit and rhinestone jewelry which she called "my good luck charm." "I'll need she said. Shirley disembarked from the liner Nieuw Amsterdam and came to London by boat train. Her advisers including her father, J. Walter not decided where she will train. They may go to Torquay, a southwest seaside resort, or to Dover. Dover is the target of most channel swimmers, who start the long battle with the chill waters and the currents from Cap Gria Nez on the French side. Two rivals of Shirley are training now at Dover. They are Philip Mickman, 18-year- old English schoolboy and Mrs. Willy Croes Van Rijsel of Hol- land. Both already have made unsuccessful tries this month. The British press gave Shirley a rousing reception. One paper carried a two-column picture of her on the front page. During the Atlantic cross- ing she kept in trim by swim- ming in the ship's pool. She is on a strict training diet no fried foods or starch. She weighs 158 pounds, but gives no impression of plump- ness, because is five fee'c nine Inches tall. Shirley follows a long line of female challengers of the chan- nel. American Gertrude Ederle was the first of her sex to succeed, in 1936. The last wom- an to complete the swim was Sally Bauer of Sweden in 1938. Ten days of training will pre- cede Shirley's attempt. The start will be dictated by weather and tide conditions. U.S. Plans 'Exploratory' A-Bomb Talks .Britain, Canada Furnish Materials; Want More Data By Oliver W. DcWolf Washington A series of "exploratory" talks is being arrang- ed to attack the controversial prob- lem of what atomic information the United States should share with Britain and Canada. President Truman announced yesterday that the discussions would be aimed at setting up long range co-operation among the three World War n atomic partners in a couple of highly important fields: (1) The exchange of scientific and technical information and (2) The supplying of raw materials. The President's statement, deliv- ered to his weekly news conference, noted that atomic arrangements made in January, 1948, with Britain and Canada are "limited in scope and duration." Now, he said, it is "necessary to consider the future." One agreement, involving the sharing of the Belgian Congo's uranium supply, reportedly will ex- pire within the next few months. The United States now is largely dependent upon the Congo and Canada for its supplies of uranium material that makes the A- bomb work. Mr. Truman's statement was his first public utterance on atomic energy since the ultra-secret Blair house conference July 14, at which the issue of sharing information first was discussed by top state, military, congressional and atomic leaders. It was at this conference that the question of the President acting on his own was in a storm of congressional opposition, The President yesterday reassured the lawmakers that this nation will take no step toward sharing atomic secrets without congressional con- sent. 'I wish to emphasize that these exploratory conversations do not involve making agreements with, or commitments to, the British and Canadians on these Mr. Truman said. "They involve having talks with the British and Canadians prior to further consultation with the Congress. In these consultations with the Congress, we shall have to decide together what course of ac- tion it is wise to take." The 'President earlier had sent much the same assurance to Con- gress through Secretary of State Acheson, after lawmakers had in- sisted that the atomic energy law bars anyone from giving away se- crets to any country, however friendly, without legislative ap- proval. A Foreign Office official in Lon- don said the British will be ready to take part in the exploratory dis- cussions: At Ottawa, a spokesman said Canada also will be prepared for such talks. State Railroad Service Hearings Begin Wednesday St. Pant The state rail- road and warehouse commission starts hearings Wednesday on the petitions of Minnesota railroads to discontinue Saturday freight serv- ice to some hundreds of Minnesota communities. Oliver Ossanna, commission sec- retary, revealed last night that civic groups and business firms in 27 localities have already filed formal protests against the proposal. The roads seek the service curtailment for September 1 when rail em- ployes start working a 40 hour week. First hearing will be on the plea of the Great-Northern Railway not only to discontinue Saturday freight service, 'but to cut passenger stops that day In about 60 communities. Similar petitions have been filed by a dozen more lines operating in the state. The Dulut-h, Missabe and Iron Range Road seeks to abandon weekend service in 15 localities be- tween Duluth and Hibbing. Indonesia Agrees On Cease-Fire Batavii, Java The Dutch and Indonesian Republicans an nounced' today they have reached final agreement on a cease-fire or- der. Details of the order, negotiated through the United Nations com- mission for Indonesia, were not made public in the joint commun- ique. Onion, Top, and steel company, bottom, officials sit at separate tables at the hearing ln.New York yesterday before the Truman appointed fact-finding board created-to study fourth round wage in- crease demands of steelworkers. Union leaders, top, left to right, are James G. Thimmes, vice-presi- dent United Steel Workers of America; Philip Murray, C.I.O. president and Arthur Goldberg, union attorney. Steel officials, bottom, left to right, are T. F. Patton, vice-president and general counsel, Re- public Steel'Corporation; John-Stephens, vice-president, Steel, ..and. John. .Youngs- town Sheet and Tube Wirephoto to The Republiean-Herald) _______ 27 Heat Deaths In Eastern U. S. Name-Calling Banned at Steel Wage Meetings New fact- finders inquiring into union de- rnands upon the nation's steel in- dustry have sternly advised parti- cipants to refrain from name-call- ing. Hearings on demands of the C. I. O. United Steelworkers for increases totaling 30-d. They promised another day By The Associated Press ______________ Deaths from effects of a late July heat wave mounted today, with i president Truman's drive for at least 27 fatalities in eastern cities. No immediate break in the hot to help arm Johnson Denies Americans Will Man Equipment Arms Intended to Supply Nations Until Own Are Ready W Secretary of Defense Johnson told Congress to- day that U. S. arms aid for friendly nations may have to be given for lour or five years, at diminishing annual costs. He 'made the which he emphasized was only a personal one the House foreign affairs committee. He set the pitch before that group for a chorus of backing from the military high command for President Truman's request for a one-year program to help European nations arm them- selves. The costs should decrease each year, he said, as the nations receiv- ing help improve their own ability to help themselves. Johnson reinforced the adminis- tration's assurance that no addi- tional American troops willjje sent to Europe as part of the arms aid program. He told the committee flatly that the entire program "is a calculated risk." Progress Accomplished He said "a lot of progress has been made in keeping the nations we are discussing from yielding to the en- treaties" of other nations. He didn't mention Russia in that connection, but there was no doubt that was what he meant. In a statement to the House for- eign affairs committee setting forth the national military establishment's views on the legislation, Johnson said he wanted to make one point "absolutely clear." "That he said, "that under this program no United States troops will be sent abroad to employ the equipment we will provide. "This military assistance program is solely an equipment and a techni- cal and training assistance program. The only United States personnel involved will be a strictly limited number of technical and training specialists to assist and advise the participating countries." Johnson led oft a parade of the armed services' big guns supporting the and humid weather was in sight for the area. But some relief came to parts of the Midwest. A mass of fresh friendly nations. __ Republican members of the com- _ ____ mittee opposing the arms program CanadTarTcool air moving southeastward brought lower temperatures j about countering with Ber- to the Upper Mississippi and Missouri valleys. It headed eastward into h Michigan and the northern parts of Illinois and Indiana. But the outlook for further move-' ment of the cool air into, the swel- tering East and South is not good, federal Weather bureau forecasters cents hourly for some members continue today. The admonition against calling came late yesterday after) hot and sticky weather for most of the eastern and southern sec- of the country. Temperatures in the 90's over an Inlrr7outburst Presi-Nost of the area from the Rockies dent Philip Murray, who had just [to the Atlantic coast for the last finished outlining union demands, week professional racketeers In this country." Company spokesmen leaped to their feet, protesting. They de- manded that the remark be strick- en from the record. "All right, all Murray said. "Then I'd like to substitute for the language I used and. make it prevaricators and provocateurs." Both of Murray's comments were ordered stricken out by the chairman of the presidential board, Professor Carroll. R. Daughterly, who said: "Name-calling is not to be ex- pected again before this board. This board is not meeting to hear that kind of talk. We are here to get the facts in an unemotional way." Murray, president of the Steel Workers as well as of the C.I.O., later apologized to the board. John A. Stephens, a vice-presi- dent of U. S. Steel, after protesting the union chief's remarks said in- dustry representatives would not reply to them. 'While'it is our right to reply in kind, it is beneath he said. As for the pension question, the board agreed to consider it, but announced it would make no recom- mendation on the issue if it found that pensions were not properly a part of the wage question reopened under a clause in current contracts. Union demands, as outlined by Murray, call for a fourth round wage boost of 12 cents hourly, social insurance benefits amount to 6.27 cents hourly, and 11.23 cents hourly for pensions. He called steel industry "the most sanctimonious bunch of J throughout New England. Boston's 99 was a record for July 28.. Nine Dead in Capital' Nine persons died in Washington from the heat as the capital baked in 96 degree temperatures. Some federal and District of Co- lumbia government employes were sent home early because of the oppressive heat. The hot weather claimed the lives of five persons in Pennsyl- vania as the heat wave extended for the llth day. Philadelphia's top mark was 95 and it was 82 in Pitts- burgh and Harrisburg. New York state also reported five heat deaths, including three in New York city. Two deaths In Albany were attributed to heart attacks induced by the hot weather. The 95.2 reading in New York city yes- terday was the second highest for the date in the city's history. Poughkeepsie's 96 was the high mark for the state. A brief thunder storm drenched New York city and knocked out power lines and felled trees in- some parts of Queens. Thundershowers brought temporary relief in other parts of the state. Maine and Massachusetts each reported three heat deaths. In Portland, smoking and fire build- ing in the Maine parched wood- lands was banned for the third time this year. New England .has not had a general heavy rainfall for more than two months. Pleasant in Far West- Two deaths were reported In the current heat wave at Baltimore. At least ten persons were treated for heat prostration. Heat prostrations were reported in other parts of the East, including 14 in Washington and one in Kearny, N. J. The Pacific northwest had pleas- ant weather. Yesterday's tempera- tures included 75 at Seattle, the wage is Rennebohm Signs Bill for State Building Program Madison, long-range state building program is provided in a bill signed by Governor Oscar Rennebohm yesterday. Cost of the plan will be arms the first year and annual- ly thereafter. Based on one per cent yearly of of inadequate structures. ___ Of the first year's appropriation, do.' will be for preliminary plans and studies of proposed proj- ects. The union says the present basic same as at San Diego. San Fran- nard Baruch. Points in Program Johnson's outline of the program also made these points: 1. Equipment for building up the armed forces of the Atlantic pact members will come from excess stocks of the United States or be withdrawn temporarily from reserve stocks, to be replaced later. This 'will not appreciably weaken our own armed forces." 2. These arms are Intended to carry the pact nations over until they are able to begin production of their own arms "during the next few years." 3. Limited quantities of raw ma- terials and machine tools will be supplied the pact powers to enable them to get started on their own the appraised value of all state will strike 'a balance betw'een the furnishing of finished military equipment and the furnishing of materials and ma- chinery with which certain factories buildings, the fund is being set up i the next few years substantially to provide for constant replacement I mole military equipment than these I nations otherwise would be able to" The money appropriated under ation the President must have more the new law in the first two years will be added to other funds provid- ed by the legislature for the gover- nor's state building pro- gram. Welfare institutions, the Uni- versity of Wisconsin and teachers colleges are. to get buildings under the program. A state building commission also is set up by the bill. The group President Needs Power Johnson emphasized his belief that in the present tense world situ- now require that the people, through their power to act quickly. "The reaiities of today's world, be- set by the impending clanger of ag- gression, American Congress, understand and conscious- ly entrust the President with auth- ority commensurate in- creasingly heavy responsibilities for the security of our he said. 'The changing tactics of the 'cold will include the governor, three iwaTi. the varying pressures that are members of each house of the leg- Etm being put on nations in all parts islature and a citizen member nam- of the world, and most important, ed by the chief executive. The com- the speed of modern war, all demand mission is to prepare a six-year an equal flexibility in the rapid al- building program to present to the 1951 legislature. The governor also signed a bill location of our aid and strength. In military matters, more certainly than in any other, rigid limitations increasing state aids to counties for which prevent prompt and decisive operation of tuberculosis sanatori- tn urns for per patient per week to The increase, said Rennebohm, will cost the state about a year. It is designed to compen- sate counties in part for increased operating costs. Another measure signed into law clarifies the law dealing with the election of local school boards in the event of consolidation of districts. The law permits the naming of three, five, seven or nine members to a school board, depending upon Cisco's top 71. the reorganization. action can lead to disaster." Outlining the broad reasons for the program, Johnson said: "Our security depends first on our own strength, and second on the strength of our allies. We can no longer isolate ourselves from the rest of the world, nor rely on our own' arms alone. This program is the only way that we can start to make our allies strong enough so that they can make a material contribution, to our security as well as to their own. "The military vacuum In Western Europe constitutes an obvious and dangerous temptation to a potential the number of school districts in aggressor hungry Europe's grow- ing productive capacity."
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