Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 27, 1949, Winona, Minnesota SHOWERS TONIGHT, THURSDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 136 FM RADIO IS PERFECT RADIO WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 27, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES hester Deluged by Cloudburst MARKET INDEX OF 10S City Rated High as Trading Center Business activity in Winona hit a high figure during the past year, with retail sales well ahead of its quota among the cities of the United tSates. The findings are contained in Sales Management's copyrighted survey of buying power, a 600- page study just completed, covering every community over population. Winona accounted for retail sales of an increase over the done by the local stores the previous year. Thus the city did .0242 per cent of the nation's business with but .0191 per cent of the na- tional population. It was also ahead on a state- wide basis, doing 1.058 per cent of Minnesota's business although it has only .947 per cent of the population of the state. How well Winona fared is shown by their effective buying amount available to them for spending after payment of personal taxes. With net earnings of for the families in Winona, the average was per family last year, an improvement over the of 1947. Per individual in the city, the average avail- able after taxes was Winona's strong buying power and consequent importance as a trading center are indicated by the "quality of market" index of 108 assigned to it. This shows its proportionate purchasing power compared with that, of the nation, which has a b'ase of 100. (Permission to use this copy- righted data is granted us for news columns only.) British Plea For More Marshall Aid Perils Whole Plan in Europe The Alsops Five Parties Seek Rule In Burma By Stewart Alsop Rangoon, Banna "Anybody, when asked about the political Bit' uation in our remarked Burmese Premier Thakin Nu re- cently, "will answer that it is an awful mess. There can be no oth- er answer." This'ranks as about the frankest statement on record By Harvey Hudson critical dollar1 shortage has exploded into.an economic crisis for all the Marshall plan countries. The unexpected British request for more American aid by any chief of state- most accurate. The -and also the situation In Burma is the messiest in Asia, which is saying a great deal. Yet the mess is not, essentially, a hope- less mess. It looks hopeless enough on the surface. What is going on in Bur- ma is not so much a civil war as a kind of nation-wide riot. No less than five major count- less minor taking part in the riot. To give some notion of just how messy the mess here is, the major groups may be briefly listed and described. than had been tentatively allotted to her, broke like the other countries. This was especially true since the others had become resigned to a slash in available funds. Leaders of the Democratic party in the United States Congress agreed yesterday to an appropria- tion of about 16 per cent below what the European countries had hoped to receive. One French official said yester- day the British request "could break the Marshall plan wide open." An American economist com-1 mented that the other European nations "will never stand for it (the British The British request was trans- mitted Saturday in a secret note to the Organization for European Economic 'Co-operation This is the organization which splits up the Marshall plan funds. Contents of the note leaked out to the press yesterday. The British said revised calcula- tions showed the sterling area would have a dollar deficit of for the year starting July 1. It implied that Britain would need that much dollar aid or would have to cut its imports and undergo a drop in living stan- dards. bombshell among Senator Dahle, Duluth, Drowns While Swimming For 1948-1949, Britain When the received requests ________......... originally were submitted for 1949- One: The government, or Britain estimated she would is left of it. The higher officials of this government can be found need She pointed out that this was a ten per cent cut Probe of State Arkansas Bond Buy Ordered Coiling Says Check May Take Nearly 2 Months St. Paul An investigation of recent operations of the state board of investment, including the purchase In June of in Arkansas state bonds has been or- dered, Richard Golling, state public examiner, said today. Golling said an audit of board records" for the four year period June 30, 1944 to June 30, 1948, was completed about two weeks ago. The law requires that the public ex- aminer audit accounts of all state departments periodically. A check to include recent board] activities will be started immedi- ately, Golling said. The investiga-j tion is expected to take as long as two months. Governor Youngdahl has criticized the method of purchase of in Arkansas highway bonds by the! investment board and demanded! the resignation of Charlejs board secretary. The g o v e rn o r charged Poster tampered with re- cords in connection with the pur- chase. Golling's report will be available for study by a governor's advisory committee on investments, yet to ,be appointed, and will be made public. Attorney General Burnquist, who is also a member of the investment board, said last night that the Charles A. Fuller Company, Min- neapolis investment firm, is willing to buy back the worth of Arkansas state bonds. Burnquist said the repurchase of- fer was made in a letter dated July 19. The offer, he added, was not only for the recent securities of Arkansas, but for all "owned or committed for by the various funds of the state of Minnesota." "This was an all-or-nothing More Than Two Inches of rain flooded Minneapolis streets today, snarling traffic and inundating basements. This flooded avenue and Lake street-stalled 31 street cars. The Weather bureau said 2.04 inches of rain fell between 8 and 9 a. Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald. Senator C. A. Dahle Duluth State Senator C. A.j Mrs. F. R. Denies Bias Against Church Hyde Park, N. Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, denying any "bias against the Roman Catholic said today she would "con- tinue to stand for the things in our government which I think are She made the statements in a letter to Francis Cardinal Spellman who assailed her last Friday in a letter for a "record of anti-Catholicism unworthy of an American mother." "I assure wrote Mrs. Roose- velt, "that I have no sense of be- ing an 'unworthy American mother.' The final judgment, my dear Car- dinal Spellman, of the worthiness of all human beings is In the hands Murder Charge Faces Young Hitchhiker of God." The controversy stemmed from Mrs. Roosevelt's opposition to fed- eral aid to parochial schools. Car- dinal Spellman said Mrs. Roosevelt aligned herself with backers of the bonds. Burnquist said eral scaling down of all requestsJDahle, Duluth, drowned late Tues-j reduced Britain's share to jn Lake Kabetogama, 25 miles! crouching in a comfortable the previous year, centration camp, surrounded by! The American Economic Co- barbed wire and armed guards, In operation administration, in a gen- the suburbs of Rangoon. Even In- side this concentration camp, as Thakin Nu has also plaintively This amount was based Of international Falls, Minn. marked, the government officials an American appropriation of Dahle was a member of a fish- sleep with revolvers under theiri party composed of five other! pillows. Such precautions are nec-l Congress has trimmed tjiej senators and the secretary of the I cessary simply because most still further and prospectsLenate g y. Torrey, also of Dul- their predecessors have already are for an appropriation of a re-! 6roup spe. Barden bill in her June 23 column land two others. The Barden bill Ocnnto ITPI__ Robert- Mc-'iwouM permit federal aid only to Burnquist said. The state now holds! uconto- ms- public schools. Mrs. Roosevelt men- an additional in Arkansas! "-year-old parolee from tioned Cardinal spellman's opposi- tion to the Barden bill in her col- umn. Mrs. Roosevelt wrote the card- inal: "I have never advocated the Barden bill nor any other spe- cific bill on education now before the Congress. I believe, however, in federal aid to education." The Barden bill is a substitute for a measure already passed by the Senate which would allow the states to use the federal funds for paro- chial and private schools if they so desired. Meanwhile, a new move started in Congress today to rescue federal aid to education from the religious con- ithe state boys' school at Wauke- he received an-ijha, faces arraignment on a fugi- other offer from State Senator waTrant chBrgin? first degree C. Pedersen, president of the Farm-' ers and Merchants State'Bank of today before Circuit Judge Arold Murphy at Marinette. Sheriff Emery J. King of Iron county, Mich, has quoted the Oc- onto youth as admitting he shot Emil Nordbeck, 43-year-old West been assassinated. THESE OFFICIALS are not, by nature, violent men. Lke Thakin Nu himself (who has a strong and not unnatural desire to retire to a Buddhist monastary) they are bookish left wing intellectuals whose knowledge of government, before they inherited power from the British, was derived wholly from the printed word. They are now learning certain lessons which were not spelled out in the socialist tracts they read in their university days. In the process of learning, however, they have completely lost control over the country they are supposed to govern. Two: The White Flag commu- nists. The communists were the first to take up arms against the government. This they did in the1 late spring of last year, at about' the same time that the commu- nists in India, Malaya and Indo- nesia also resorted to "direct ac- obviously as part of Mos- cow's over-all strategy for Asia. The White Flag communists are the orthodox Stalinists, and then- leader is Thakin Than Tun, a for- mer friend of Thakin Nu. Three: The Red Flag commu- (Continucd on Pace 7, Column J.) ALSOPS am quest were granted it would meaning. Senator Dahle s then that she would be getting! came as he went m swim- mmg after the anglers had docked on an island ten miles off Gappa's about 40 per cent of American aid. It also would mean other Euro- pean countries would have to give up dollars to help Britain. Since the shares of all nations must be trimmed in line with the reduced American appropriation, it was considered unlikely that they would be willing to make such a sacrifice. The crisis arises because decisions of the OEEC must Boxer Graves Saves Man From Drowning Milaca, Minn. One fisher- all be unanimous. If Britain should hold out for a bigger share in the face of the greatly reduced number of dollars, she might wreck all hope of real co-operation. Four Killed As Train Hits Car St. Paul Four rural Ram- sey county residents were killed last night when their car was struck by a Soo Line passenger train at a highway crossing four miles west of White Bear lake. Victims, all residents of Center-, ville, were Joseph Warnecke, 36: his wife Marie, 28; their nine- month-old son, Thomas, and Mrs. Joseph Nadeau, 60, the mother of Landing, a community on the lake. Dinner Postponed The annual golf tournament and dinner given at the Winona Country club for members of the state senate and state officials by Winona businessmen, sched- uled for Thursday, has been in- definitely postponed because of the death of Senator Dahle. All of members in Senator Dahle's party including Senator' Dahle had accepted invitations to be here tomorrow. Ruthton, to purchase as many of the bonds as the state investment board will sell him. Austin Woman Feared Dead In Farm Fire Austin, Minn. A 65-year- old woman was missing and fear- ed burned to death and her aged sister was in critical condition after fire swept their two story farm home near here at 10 a. m. today. The missing woman is Miss Nellie Cotter. Her sister, Mary Joan, 80, was in St. Olaf hospital, Austin. The fire is believed to have started from a stove explosion. William Cotter, about 70, broth- er of the Cotter sisters, was in the field repairing fences when Nellie ran from the home shout- !ing fire. Allis accountant with whom he hitched a ride, in Michigan. King said the shooting occurred Friday about seven miles west of Crystal Falls, Mich. District Attorney Edward Herald of Oconto county said McGregor could give no reason for the shoot- ing. McGregor said Nordbeck had stopped the car when the front wheels began to shimmy. The youth said he got out of the car, took a borrowed rifle from the back seat, closed his eyes and pulled the trigger, "Everything went black then. I can't remember a thing. I_ don't know why I did he safd. McGregor said he drove to Stiles Junction, Wis., Where he aban- doned the car with Nordbeck's body surplus 1948-crop corn under gov- on the floor. He said he left theSernment price support programs gun on the road but returned later by June 30, the Agriculture depart- to retrieve it. Committees Set To Debate Arms For Europe By Jack Bell Washington Three Capitol hill committees are awaiting de- tails of a foreign arms program which Congress seems likely to rip wide apart. Secretary of State Acheson will go before the House foreign af- fairs committee tomorrow in an attempt to justify supplying west- ern European signers of the North Atlantic pact with what President Truman said are "urgently need- ed" weapons of war. Reception of this proposal there appeared to be somewhat less hos- tile than by the combined member- ship of the Senate's foreign rela- tions and armed services commit- tees. Early checks indicated a sub- stantial majority of that group of 26 senators will oppose the program. Most of them ap- parently will insist upon much less expensive, stop-gap action until the projected North Atlantic council can set up a committee to map over-all defense of non-communist areas in Europe. Senators Byrd (D-Va.) and Bridges (R-N. H.) joined the ranks of those opposing the President's proposal. Both-are members of the armed services committee and Dr ratification of the Whitewater And Zumbro Rivers Rising Rainfall in Winona Totals 1.83 Inches; Heat Continues Cautionary flood warnings were issued today for the lower White- water and Zumbro rivers following a 5.46-inch cloudburst in the Ro- chester area last night. Residents along these two streams were warned by A. D. Sanial, U. S. meteorologist at La Crosse, that the streams would be bankfull this afternoon and tonight. The rainfall was expected to raise the stage of the Mississippi by as much as two feet at Genoa. In the Winona area the rise would be lesser. Winona, drenched by a generous rainfall last night, continued to swelter in the hot, humid atmo- sphere today and the weatherman had little better to promise lor Thursday. Partly cloudy, warm and humid tonight and Thursday with scattered local thundershowers to- night and Thursday was his fore- cast. 1.83 of Bain Here The Winona rainfall for the 24 hours preceding a. m. was 1.68 inches. Another .15 of an inch fell by neon. Although the temperature was slightly below the high of the previous 24 hours, Winonans con- _________ tment reported Tuesday, McGregor was arrested early I The quantity was bush- yesterday at his brother's home at v" Abrams. Neighbors had told police Cotter.said she ran back to been acting peculiarly since Mrs. Warnecke. Deputy sheriffs said witnesses told them Warnecke apparently tried to beat the train to the .cross- as motorists headed in the man drowned and another was res-! other direction had halted when cued by Jackie Graves, well known red warning signals started to Austin boxer, when a boat overturn- ed on Mille Lacs lake last night. The drowning victim was Art Post of Cottonwood, Minn. He and his companion, Bud Mikkelson, also of Cottonwood, were about a half mile off Anderson's point at the south end of the lake when their boat overturned. Post sank. Mikkelson clung to the overturned boat and called for help. Graves, who is vacationing at a flash. The train, bound from Duluth to the Twin Cities, was delayedlkane, Wash., Jan. 22, 1894. He house. He found her on the frontJNordbeck's death. Other members -of the overcome by smoke and were Senators Frank Dougherty, j suffering severe burns. Fairmont; Archie Miller, Hopkins; Karl Neumeier, Stillwater; Everett Peterson, St. Paul, and Donald O. Wright, Minneapolis. Members of the group said Sen- ator Dahle, who was 55 years old, was a good swimmer. They ex- pressed the opinion he had been knocked out by hitting a sub- merged rock as he dived into the water. Senator Dahle, a Duluth at- torney since 1920, was elected to the senate in 1937 and served ever since. He was a graduate of Pills- bury academy, University of Wis- consin and University of Minne- sota law school. He was a veteran of World War I, havlgg served overseas. He served in the house of rep- resentatives from 1933 to 1936. Senator Dahle was born at Spo- two hours until the wreckage was cleared from the tracks. He is survived by his wife, the former Helen Jenswold, whom he married in 1922; a son, Jack, and a daughter, Natalie. He was a member of Delta Tau Delta: the American Legion; the Eleventh Judicial District1: and Minnesota State Bar associations; Beloit, Wis. The body of j Minnesota club; Duluth Athletic Mille Lacs resort heard Mikkelson'sI Lovely Davidson, 29, was foundjclub; Duluth Chamber of Com- caEs and rushed to his aid in an- along North Western Road Rail-jmerce; Ridgeview Golf club: Fra- Train Kills Man Near Beloit came to Minnesota in 1898. other boat. Authorities were Post's body today. dragging for way traces in the outskirts of Be- loit today. He had been hit by a train. ternal Order of Eagles, Aerie No A. P. A. M., and Scottish Rite. Robert McGregor, 17-year-old boys' school parolee, points to spot near Crystal Falls, Mich., where Sheriff Emery J. King of Iron county said he admitted fatal shooting of West Allis, Ac- countant Emil Nordbeck. McGregor, center, is pictured with Under- sheriff George Kassube, left, and District Attorney Edward Herald, right, of Oconto, Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) resentative Morton (R.-Ky.) said (Continued on Pajre 15, Column request for authority to send arms anywhere he deems necessary a "blanjt, check demand." "This program has not been thought out from a defense stand- point and it is in direct violation of the Atlantic pact, which en- visions a mutual defense Bridges told a reporter. Byrd said ii'.erely that he Is against the proposal and will plan his opposition when the commit- tees told more about it in ctosed hearings.' The State department has prom- ised to tell members of Congress what it knows about Russia's war potential. It also plans to supply specific figures about what each ally nation would receive in the way 'of arms. MRS. ROOSEVELT Corn Storage Record Set Washington Farmers had placed about Worth of els. .The largest amount ever be- fore put under similar programs was bushels of 1939- crop corn. The price support program as- sured farmers a national average of about a bushel for the grain., Inasmuch as there is no foreign or other demand at this time for this extra grain, the department is appealing to farmers, to keep it stored under seal on farms at least until mid-1950. Farmers have the privilege of holding the grain on the farm or of turning it over to the de- partment to cover price suppo: advances or commitments. Those resealing price-support corn are promised a storage fee of ten cents a bushel. Farmers intending to deliver 1948 crop surplus corn to the government must declare their intentions not later than September 30. pile up agaihst Secretary Acheson to whittle down bis request.; Senator Vandenberg (R-Mich.) who wants stop-gap -military aid, said he had told the State defiart- of WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy, warm and humid with scat- and Thursday. Low tonight 72, high Thursday 90. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 89; minimum, 71; noon, 82; precipitation, 1.83; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 15. tinued to swelter, mostly due to the high humidity. The high yester- day was 89. It had gone up to 97 the previous day. During the rain- storm the temperature dropped to a more comfortable 71. Although the rainfall was un- usually heavy over most of South- eastern Minnesota and Western Wisconsin no serious damage was reported. At Chatfield the residence of John Arnold was struck by lightning but prompt action by the fire depart- ment and assistance from the rain held the damage to an estimated Chatfield registered 1.80 inches of rain. Farmers in the area reported some damage to late grain which was lodged by the heavy rain and wind. Otherwise the moisture was wel- comed to revive parched pastures and help the corn and potatoes mature. Twin Cities Deluged Rain in deluge proportions also fell in the Twin Cities. The heavy rain at Rochester, 5.25 inches of which fell from 6 p. m. to midnight Tuesday, caused no seri- ous damage, dwellers were Several basement driven from their quarters, a large part of the Sol- diers' field golf course was under floodwaters of the Zumbro river, and some business district base- ments were flooded. The Twin Cities received about two inches of rain between 6 a. m. and 10 a.-m. Wisconsin stripped for more heat and "high humidity today. The Federal Weather- man Howard' J. Thompson at Mil- waukee, .hit most of the state yes- terday afternoon and last night but (Continued on Page 3, Column 3.) CLOUDBURST French Assembly Ratifies Pact _., _______ French national Even in advance of the detailed assembly approved ratification of outlining-of the program, congres-the North Atlantic pact today by a sional pressure was beginning 1X1398 to 187'vote. The assembly voted for the char- ter after an all-night session mark- ed by fist fights between communists and rightists. The pact now will go to the coun- ol the upper house ex- through this Congress. Senator Dulles (R-N. Y.) came away from an hour's talk with Acheson unshaken in his view that only a token arms aid program to .be started now. He comment on Acheson's reaction. Lindquist to Join State Rate Decisions St. General Burnquist ruled today that Leon- ard E. Lindquist, a new member of the state railroad and warehouse commission, may participate in de- cisions in the important telephone, street car, and bus rate cases. Testimony in the cases was tered local thundershowers tonight heard before Lindquist became a member of the commission. He was appointed to succeed the late Col- onel Frank Matson. The Northwestern Bell Telephone Company is asking higher rates throughout the state, and the St. Paul and Minneapolis rapid transit companies are asking higher fares on bus and street car lines in the Twin Cities. .The vote was preceded by stormy debate which brought tempers to the boiling point. At one stage the legislators became so uproarious it was necessary to recess. Proponents of the pact contended that it is a defensive alliance in- tended to protect member nations from aggression. The communists charged it is a pact of aggression aimed against Russia and that in signing It, France would be led into war. Most of the criticism, apart from red sniping, came because no express provision was made for the United States to supply military aid to European countries immediately. Sandstone Prison Lease Bill Pushed Washington UP) The Senate last night'passed and sent to the House a bill authorizing the state of Minnesota to lease the federal prison at Sandstone on considera- tion the state maintain the pro- perty. The lease would be for an indefinite period, cancellable on 18 months notice.