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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 21, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COOLER TONIGHT, FRIDAY FAIR FM RADIO IS PERFECT RADIO VOLUME 49, NO. 131 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 21, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES House Votes to Kill Aiken Farm Law Senate Voting on Atlantic Pact Today 1st Amendments Before Chamber This Afternoon Sharing Atomic Secrets Involved In Lengthy Debate By Don Whitchead Washington The Senate tame up to a vote on the North Atlantic pact today amid a stormy wrangle over sharing atomic se- crets with 11 other nations. Treaty foes demanded to know whether arms for Europe will mean giving the atomic atomic the Atlantic al- lies. "We've got to have an answer before the treaty is Senator Wherry (R.-Neb.) told reporters. The final treaty I vote is scheduled late this after- j noon. Senator McMahon chairman of the Senate-House atomic energy committee, told the Senate last night that treaty ap- proval will not obligate the U. S. to give the atom bomb or atomic secrets to pact nations. The precise nature of military aid to be given to Europe must be determined when Congress acts on a proposed -arms-for Europe pro- gram, McMahon said in answering a question by Wherry. Confident of Approval Senate leaders said they were confident that even the atomic Is- sue will not halt overwhelming ap- proval of the treaty. They estim- ated no more than 15 perhaps the pact. The first showdown ballot was due shortly after 3 p.m. (C.S.T.) on a treaty reservation sponsored! by Wherry, Senator Taft (R-Ohlo) and Senator Watkins (R- This reservation says it would be the understanding of the United States that article 3 of the treaty carries no obligation to supply mil- itary aid to pact nations. Pact critics say article 3 would obligate this nation to rearm west- ern Europe, if it is not made ex- plicitly plain that it does not. Sup- porters of the treaty deny there is any such commitment and calfythe reservation unnecessary arid un- wise. Then the Senate is scheduled tojby a crippled nonscheduled vote in quick order on two other engined C-46 airliner. Watkins' reservations. One would! King Defends State Arkansas Bond Buy St. Paul State Auditor Stafford King, a member of the state board of investment, today defended the "Arkansas bond deal" as proper, and a good buy." The auditor termed Governor Youngdahl's contention that the state lost on the transaction as "pure conjecture and political hokum." King described the "so called investigation" by the governor as "purely political and vindictive." I King also denied there was any: I falsification of records by Charles' I Foster, investment board j as charged by Governor Youngdahl. j The governor has charged that j Charles Foster, secretary 7 of the I board has "falsified the records" in Order Restored In Guatemala, Revolt Crushed Wild Bombings Terrify Veteran Of European War By R. Guatemala, C. Macoy Guatemala President Juan Jose Arevalo's re- today urged civilians who L i.> j. I order to hide a "secret deal to purchase worth of ht for the governrnent ln this kansas highway bonds and he brief revolt to turn in their demanded Foster's removal as Jest violenoe flare again. retary. Officials had voiced fear that King shot back with the state-! ment that n. majority of the mem- bers of the board has signed a com- mitment to buy the Arkansas bonds and "the action was legal, proper, and in the exercisr of the best judgment of the individuals invol- ved." "The never forgiven the other members of the board for not accepting his personal recommendations for the office of board King said in recalling the. governor's opposi- tion originally to appointment of Foster as secretary, King emphasized that "if the governor is not playing politics, and if he is sincere, why did he give the original letter to the press before he gave it to any member some troops and civilians, brought into the capital when fight- ing broke out Monday, might stir trouble. Latest reports, however, said police had everything in hand. A defense ministry source esti- mated that at least 60 persons were StaHord King Crowds Milling Around Seattle Air Crash Site Seattle Block-long Harney street was like a "carnival of death" today as crowds of .curious milled through the debris-laden area to see the destruction wrought jof the King added, "why did he stage his inquisition of Mr, Foster Tuesday in the absence of George Lawson (a member of the board) and at the same time tell us that Mr. Lawson would be New York in another day or two.? "If it is not vindictive, why does Foster rather than the other mem- bers of the board who authorized Mr. Foster's actions." No Better Offer twin- Police Chief George D. Eastman I killed in the military revolt which erupted after the assassination Monday of Colonel Francisco Jav- ier Arana, chief of the armed serv- ices. Other estimates place the toll as high as 300. Among the reported casualties is Paul Pretextat-Lecomte, French commercial attache to Central America. Observers said he was wounded by machine gun slugs Tuesday morning while driving in the southern part of the city. He is reported recovering in the hos- pital. Another member of the foreign colony, Miguel Angel Sandoval, a concert pianist of New York city; was reported captured by rebel forces during the revolt, but re- leased Tuesday night. A bomb feU within two blocks of the residence of U. S. Ambassa- he center his attack 'upon Mr. i dor Richard C. Patterson, Jr., on Tuesday. The abortive revolt flickered out early j'esterday after loyal troops and civilian volunteers gained con- trol of Fort Guardia de Honor, Then, in defending Jthe purchase center Of the uprising. of the bonds as a good investment, It was the first full-fledged re- King said that here is no offer to develop from 20 plots or suggestion from any of the sec-1 reported directed against Arevalo's ondary bidders that, had they beenjregjjfle smce he was elected in successful, they would have to a six-year term. Arevalo the bonds to the state at a forbidden by law to succeed yield than which the Charles A. Fuller Company offered. King then added "the governor forgets the difference between yield and in- terest." King further contended that if the state had purchased federal bonds of the same maturity at the! himself. Arana, a congressional appointee, was shot to death while on a tour southwest of the capital. A sub- director of police, Lieutenant Colo- nel Enrique Blanco, who was with him, also was slain. market price when the purchase! Battle-Hardened of the Arkansas bonds was author- Veteran Terrified the North Atlantic area or to use! persons that more than jammed the area 30 goo Sized, the yield to the state would in a armed force to resist attack until Congress approves. The second would say Congress is not obligated by the treaty to declare war in event of an attack on a pact na- tion. Treaty for 20 Tears Once the amendments are out of the way. the Senate will vote on a resolution of j. three-hour span last night, 'have been substantially less. King stressed, lost "to than 24 hours after the plane car-jDy buying the Arkansas bonds at ried its 32 occupants on a death- 1 a yield of 2.30 per cent, is absurd. dealing plunge through power lines (Continued on Page 1, and into five southside homes. Peanut, ice cream and popcorn' vendors had a bonanza. Meanwhile, the death toll stood KING Three hundred neighbors and fellow Mennonite church members of Tenant Farmer Isaac Hoover pitch in to rebuild in one day a barn which burned flown three weeks ago. The amateur carpenters, who came to work in their horse-drawn buggies, are shown finishing the'roof. The farm, which Hoover works for Daniel Nolt, is at New Holland, Pa., near Lancaster, Pa. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Two Atomic Scientists Named Wartime Reds By Douglas B. Cornell Washington House spy probers named two atomic scientists today as members of a wartime communist cell at a west coast tory. They said they still are tracking down others. The House un-American activities committee .put the finger on Giovanni Rossi Lomanitz and David Bohm as members of a cell at the radiation laboratory at the University.of California at Berkeley. U. of M. to Get 50 Million Volt Atom Smasher Minneapolis A volt atom smasher at the Univer- It did so in an official document that reproduced, with a foreword, last month's hearings on Commu- nist Steve Nelson, Communist par- ty organizer in the San Francisco bay area in the early 1940's and now operating in western Pennsyl- vania. Lomanitz until recently was a professor at Fisk university at Nashville. Bohm is a physics pro- fessor at Princeton university. 3 Candidates Lead G. 0. P. Chairman Race By Jack Bell Washington Three poten- Brannan Plan Decision Moves To Showdown Present Price Supports Chief Alternative Seen House vot- ed today to kill the Aiken farm law enacted by the Republican 80th Congress. There were only a few scattering "nays" on the voice vote. The House moved on then toward a vote on what should replace continuation of the present farm law or the administration's new plan. Many Republicans joined Demo- crats in the vote to destroy the law vuthored by Senator Aiken The measure provided for a flexible 60 to 90 per cent of parity price sup- port program for major crops begin- ning next year. There was bitter debate before the House got down to voting. Repre- sentative Pace (D.-Ga.) argued that the whole issue is "whether your government will continue to buy :ood and destroy it." Pace is the author of the admin- istration's new farm bill .which would permit a three-crop trial run of the Brannan subsidy plan. Shortly after he spoke, however, Representative Gore (D.-Tenn.) for- mally laid before the House his sub- stitute measure and called for a showdown vote on it. Gore, leader of a Democratic-Re- publican coalition, proposes to junk the administration plan and conti- nue the present farm price support program in 1950. He claimed enough votes to do it. Pace told the House it "Is time to consider the consumer." He cited the present government program of buying surplus potatoes to bolster market prices. He said this had cost and many of the potatoes were destroyed. He urged Secretary of Agriculture Brannan's subsidy plan as a means of preventing such destruction and getting the potatoes to the consum- er. Under that plan, prices would fall to their natural level. The farm- er would receive a government check to make up the difference between that price and what the government considers a fair price. Chain Reaction Feared Representative Monroney (D.- Okla.) who frequently has led eco- tial candidates appeared today to be forging to the front in the race for the Republican national chair- nomic battles for the administra- manship to be vacated August by 'Republican Hugh D. Scott of Pennsylvania. The three are Guy George Gab- rielson, New Jersey committee- man, Arthur Summerfield, Michi- gan member, and A. T. "Burt" Howard, Nebraska state chairman. Former Senator John A. Dana- her of Connecticut quit the race yesterday after Senator Taft (R- Ohio) announced that he wasn't .jtion, joined the opposition coalition. He told the House that the trial run New Orleans battle-hard- ened American war veteran said! Atomic Energy commission. sity of Minnesota was assured acquaintance with "one' day with a grant from the'of the leading physicists engaged The' committee said that the' So- supporting Danaher any more than r, _f tr. several other candidates, government first tried to use wno nad credited in the development of the atomic act which will instantly pledge the j at seven. Five of the victims were United States to a historic Oj houses struck, by the foreign policy, The in Washing- ton last April bind the United States, Canada and ten Eur- opean nations to resist aggression _ and unite on a basis of all for [atest death "was' that of and one for all. -pc-tt- rhumnc KK nf The treaty would run for a period Pete chumos- 66- of Seattle- plane. One was a plane passenger and the seventh body, still uniden- tified, is presumed to be that of a plane passenger not accounted of 20 it may be review- ed after ten years. The full list of pact nations in- clude the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Belgium. Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxem bourg, the Netherlands, Norway and Portugal. This means the alliance would embrace people in the North Atlantic area. Johnson Supports Defense of Alaska Washington Secretary of Defense Johnson assured senators today that adequate plans for de- fending Alaska are in operation but he asked to tell about them at a secret session Johnson appeared before the Sen- ate armed services committee to urge quick approval of worth of constniction projects for the Army, Navy and Air Forces. The work would be done both in this country and overseas. Twin Handicaps Sydney, Australia D. Cop- per, a school teacher, carried his twin sons in his arms to Victory recently in Bridgeport, a novelty Tasmania, event at Australia. A condition of the footrace was that each parent should carry his youngest child in his arms. Obey- ing the rule to the letter, Copper overcame a double handicap with yards to spare. Thirty-one persons were injured, Amos E. Heacock, president ofi Air Transport Associates, Incorpor- ated, owners of the plane, said last night the company had been clear- ed by Civil Aeronautics adminis- tration authorities for continued operations. 'Full operations of all aircraft in our fleet has been he said. The company has four other C-46s in its fleet. Heacock said the line had up to insurance for passengers in the tragic crash, and up to 000 public liability and property damage coverage. The plane crashed at p.m. (P.D.T.) Tuesday when its left en- gine failed Chicago. during a takeoff for Czech Bishops List Terms for Reds Vatican City Czechoslo- vakia's Roman Catholic bishops have told 'Jie Czech communist government there can be no church-state agreement without government recognition of the Pope as the supreme head of the church. A Vatican source, who gave out this information, said the Czech defying government at- tempts to lake over full control of the church, sent a letter to all its priests listing the church's terms. The letter called on the Czecho- slovak government to abandon its sponsorship of a separatist Cath- Action group, whose members lave been excommunicated by the Vatican. (Continued on Page REVOLT he was terrified by wild bombings! Announcement of the grant wasitomb" for infiltrating the Berke- whicn marked the recent Guate- yesterday by Dr. J. L. Mor- iey laboratory. This physicist was mala revolt. Ben A, Hardaway, work on the research device will begin this year. Known technically as linear accelerator, the not named. Mrs. Georgia Neese Clark, first woman to become treasurer of the United States, today signs a receipt to take custody of in paper money, silver, gold coins, and government securities held in the treasurer's vaults at Washington, D. C. Watch- ing her is Michael Slindee who has been acting treasurer of the tr, S. Mrs. Clark is from Ricnland, Wirephoto to The Wi- nona Republican-Herald.) will be the most powerful of its type. It will have no direct con- nection with production of atomic bombs, the university announce- ment said. The device will differ from a cy- clotron because it will speed hydro- gen ions or "bullets" in a straight line at atoms. In a cyclotron, the ions move around a circular track. The accelerator will resemble a gun with a barrel 100 feet long arid five, feet in diameter. Its ion "bul- lets" will strike an atom target at a clip of miles a second or Met In Spain j The committee indicated Nelson a proton i up the acquaintance machine j through the physicist's wife. It said about one-third the velocity of light. The contract for the device cov- ers a five year period. Preliminary Plans Although a site for the accelera- tor, promptly nicknamed has not yet been selected, a team of university physicists and electri- cal engineers, headed by Dr. John H. Williams, physics professor, as project director, are already hard at work on preliminary plans for the machine. Ions will be fed into the "load- ing end of the linac by an initial "gun" which will give them a start- ing boost of eltctroa volts en- ergy. This starting gun in itself is a half-million-volt atom smasher which will receive its power from an electrical transformer. The simplest'atom known, those of hydrogen, will be used as the first targets, according to Dr. Wil- liams, because by using this sim- element, the experimental re- sults'can be most easily interpret- ed. the atoms of more com- plex elements will be subjected to the linac's1 bombardment, he said. Physicists measure the re- action 01' the high-speed bombard- ment by observing the paths traced by shattered target nuclei and by ion bullets they bounce off tar- get nuclei which they fail to smash. They hope to learn thereby some- thing about the mysterious cohe- sive forces which hold together the nucleus of an atom. he met her in Spain in 1937, where her first husband, like Nelson, was a volunteer in the international bri- gade in the Spanish civil war. The first husband was killed, the with having the backing of Gover- nor Thomas E. Dewey of New York said, he couldn't desert his law practice. Some members said Danaher'sj subsidy program would set up "a chain reaction" of other subsidies that would threaten the government with bankruptcy. The bureaucracy, red tape and form filling would outdo the OPA of wartime. The House was called into session two hours earlier than usual to make crucial decisions that may de- termine the political fortunes of many farm belt Republicans and Democrats in the 1950 congressional campaigns. There was talk of all sorts of compromises but before nightfall the House may vote to: 1. Scuttle or water down the ad- ministration-backed bill that calls withdrawal reflected a three-srop trial run of the sentiment within the committee.jBrannan farm subsidy plan. They added that this was so wide-1 2- KU1 outright or postpone the spread that it was damaging date of Ule law chances of Howard because he was enacted b? the Republican control- a preconvention supporter of the governor last year. led 80th Congress. This law, set to become effective next year, would and! Summerfield Strong But Summerfield also is friendly committee members who ouster attempt in Omaha last Jan- committee reported, and the an moved to Berkeley, met married the physicist. The committee said an Investiga- tion cleared the scientist and his wife of any subversive activities and said their loyalty never has been questioned by the government. But under Nelson's guidance, the committee said, a cell of five or six young physicists was develop- ed in the laboratory. "According to a sworn statement by a tbe committee said, "Giovanni Rossi Lomanitz was the principal Communist party zer. The records of this committee also reflect that David Bohm was also a member of this cell." Answers Refused Both men on two occasions re- fused to answer questions about membership in the cell on grounds they might incriminate themselves, the committee noted. "Other alleged members of this cell at the radiation it said, "are under investigation by this committee and such evi- dence of membership will be forth- coming in' future hearings of this committee." On another matter, it still was uncertain whether there will be a hearing for Edward U, Condon, director of the Federal Bureau of Standards. Condon was described by a subcommittee last, year as Howard is being boomed as a Permit a flexible 60 to 90 per cent non-faction candidate, however, of parity support program for major is Summerfield. The latter, whoi heads the party's strategy commit- tee, supported Scott when the president chairman beat off an one of the weakest in atomic security. It said that knowingly or unknowingly he had associated with a suspected red espionage agent. Condon denied the charges at the time and said he would like a hearing. He has been cleared by a Commerce department loyal- ly board. fought Scott at that time and is active in G. O. P. fund raising, where the going has been tough this year. Supported by. the anti-Scott forces, Gabrielson was credited by some of his friends with having 30 or more of the committee's 105 votes. They said this was consider- ably more than any other candi- date could show. The Scott forces are against Gab- rielson because he is In the same camp with Carroll Reece. of Tennessee and Harrison Spangler of Iowa, both former chairmen who led an unsuccessful move to oust Scott. Midwest Stock Exchange Planned Cleveland, Ohio new Mid-, west stock exchange Is now .as- sured, Clemens E. Gunn, president of the Cleveland Stock Exchange said today in announcing that the local exchange had signed a form- al contract to participate. Gunn said St. Louis and Chicago already have signed, and that with Cleveland now formally in, the new exchange, to be located in Chicago, 3. Continue the present farm pro- gram in 1950. This program sup- ports major crops at a rigid 90 per cent of parity, (a price fixed by formula calculated to give farmers a fair purchasing This is done through government loans and purchases that keep price-depres- sing surpluses off the markets. Fanners do not now get direct sub- sidies from the government. Debate Bitter The House debate, frequently bit- ter, ran like this: The administration ers argued that losses such as have been suffered, in the potato sup- port program could wreck the pres- ent farm program. They said that limited aubsidies, instead of price supports, are tbe answer. Represen- tative Pace author of the administration bill, -wanted to know how long tbe people would permit spending "hundreds of millions of dollars to support a program that lets food rot on the ground or feeds it to the hogs." The opposition leaders charg- ed that the admimstration bill, which promises cheaper food through subsidies, gets its support principally from organized labor- not from farmers. They argued that subsidies would lead to a peacetime OPA and cost billions more than present price supports. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Clearing this in October.- and New Orleans exchanges are expected to ballot within the next two weeks on whether to join. Gunn said William J. Perry, Cleveland exchange secretary noon, 85; precipitation, .03; since 1840, will be general manager of the, Cleveland division of the new Midwest exchange. was certain to get into operation and cooler tonight with shifting northwest winds. Low tonight 60, Cincinnati, Minneapolis-St. Paul Friday fair and less humid. High 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m.-today: Maximum, 89; minimum, 65; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 4.
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