Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 16, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT, SUNDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 127 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 16, 1949 Th ousan H Petite Miss Winona Brown-Eyed Frances Rick Cries Happily at Crowning Miss Frances Rick chats with her two attendants excitedly a few minutes after she was crowned Miss Winona of 1949 at the Steamboat Days Coronation ball Friday night in the armory. Miss Rick, is 18 years old, lives at 507 East Front street, and was sponsored by the Schaffer Cleaning Works. At the left Is Miss Elizabeth Klnzie, 1169 West Fifth street, and on 'the right is Miss Irene Acheff, 316 East Broadway. Steamboat Days Program TONIGHT p. park stage, Rushford, Minn., High school band. p. vaudeville and dancing park stage. 1 p. m. to rides and street. SUNDAY p. amateur motorboat races. Entry open to area in park. p. team direct from Florida park. p. high diving park. p. park. p. vaudeville and dancing park stage. p. fireworks park. (Fired from Latsch Bathing beach.) 1 p. m. to rides and street. Republican-Herald photo A speech contest winner didn't know what to say Friday night. The excitement of being selected Miss Winona Of 1949 left beautiful, brown-eyed Frances Rick, 18, at a loss for words. Tears of joy fell from her radiant face as a crown was placed on her head. Cheers from the crowd at the Coronation ball in the armory last night served as a fanfare for Miss Rick's approach to the stage. She mounted the platform and received the crown from Rosalie Critchfield, last year's queen. Standing on either side of the new queen were her two attendants: Miss Elizabeth Kinzie, 18, and Miss Irene Acheff, 22. 26 Candidates Their selection from a field of 26 contestants climaxed a week of anxiety. The girls had been feted at two banquets and had beea in- troduced publicly at the Oaks night club and from the stage in Levee park. And Substitute Program To Arm Europe Seen Washington Senator George said today the Sen- ate may sidetrack President Truman's foreign military pro- gram and, instead, authorize the Army to furnish arms to Europe from surplus stocks. This move could be made by resolution, George told reporters, with- out taking formal action on the disputed arms program. The veteran Georgian said the plan is not yet under active study it is one of the possibilities in sight to achieve an Atlantic de- fense against possible attack from Russia. He added he has grave doubts Congress will act at this session on the President's proposed arms plan. George's statement came as foes of the North Atlantic treaty count- ed on 11 certain votes against rati- fication of the pact. Four other senators were listed as doubtful and their friends said they may go in either direction. The showdown will come on the final vote next Thursday. And Sen- ate leaders saw little chance of any important change of sentiment by then. The opposition total is far short of the 33 votes needed to defeat the pact if all 96 senators cast their ballots. The treaty becomes binding on the United States .If ap- proved by two-thirds of members voting. Senators who have said they will oppose the treaty are: Donnell of Missouri; Flanders of Vermont; Jenner of Indiana; Kern of Mis- souri; Langer of North Dakota; Malone of Nevada: Taylor of Ida- ho: Taft of Ohio; Watkins of Utah; Wherry of Nebraska and Young of North Dakota. All are Republicans except Taylor, who was a vice- presidential candidate last year on Henry A. Wallace's Progressive party ticket. The Taft-led opposition centered its attack on the legal or moral obligation in the treaty to supply arms to Europe. George said there is no doubt in his mind the treaty carries a "definite moral obligation to do in good faith what is necessary to defend the North Atlantic area." There is no commitment for any specific amounts cr kinds of mil- itary aid, be added. But he said the implication is in the treaty that part of this aid will be in military supplies and. armaments. i then last night they had tense moments as three out-of-town judges studied their appearance, their background, their talents, and their personalities. Judges were Miss Juanita Ra- phael of New Orleans, La., senior hostess for Mid-Continent Air Lines, Inc.; Robert Utne, 1948 St. Paul Jaycee president, and Miss Patty McLane, 1948 Minneapolis Aquaten- nial Queen of the Lakes. Czech Reds Plan to Fight Church to Finish Church Denies Excommunication Order Political By Richard Kasischke Prague, Czechoslovakia. A Czech Communist party manifesto called today for liquidation of "our greatest enemy, the church." The manifesto came on the heels of a statement by Justice Minister Alexei Cepicka that anyone who moves to put into effect the ex- communication of communists de- creed by the Vatican will be arrest- led and tried for treason, (A Vatican informant said ex- j communication requires no enforce- ment, that it acts upon the guilty in the secrecy of their own con- sciences.) The party manifesto declared it was imperative to "liquidate the enemy" in order to complete the communization of the country. This, it said, did not mean liquidating the Roman Catholic church entire- ly, but did mean liquidation of church order. At another point the manifesto spoke of liquidating "the church question." It urged a campaign to turn the people against the Catholic primate, Archbishop Josef Beran, now a semicaptive of the government. In a fiery speech, yesterday Cepi- cka blasted Archbishop Beran as a traitor and announced that a law had been drafted to take control of the church. Steps Taken In the fast-moving church-state conflict government leaders have: accused the Cath- olic hierarchy led by Archbishop Josef Beran of treason against the state. that anyone who tries to carry out in this country the Pope's orders foi- excommunication of commu- nists will be prosecuted for treason. the drafting of a bill for control of churches which will give the government a stranglehold rule over all de- nominations, including prior ap- proval of any pastor or high church offical, on political grounds. The bill would make any pastor, priest or church official as much a gov- ernment employe as any bureau- crat. After a couple of weeks of resting on their oars while the controlled press blasted Catholic leadership, government spokesmen unleashed several broadsides yesterday. The heaviest blast was fired by Minister of Justice Alexei Cepicka before the central action committee of the National Front. Treason Charges Hnrled He charged Beran and his bishops with treason, and trying to provoke revolt in Czechoslovakia. Cepicka accused the Vatican's diplomatic representation here of masterminding plots against Czech- Miss Winona of 1949 is a brunette 'oslovakia and called Pope Pius XH (Continued on Page 7, QUEENS Column Republican-Herald photo Tears Of Joy Streamed down Frances Rick's face last night as the royal crown was placed on her head by Miss. Winona of Rosalie Critchfield. The new queen stands five-feet three-inches. She is a brunette whose desire is to te'ach speech. Frances was se- lected from a field of 26 contestants last night by three out-of-town judges. the "chief enemy of our state." Cepicka gave no indication if or when the government might jail Archbishop Beran. The primate has Republican-Herald photo Talking Over Old Times on the river were these three Mississippi veterans who attended the Steam- boat Days Rivermen's banquet at the Hotel Winona at a. to. today. From left, Captain Walter Hunter, 81, Bellevue, Iowa, active on boats for more than 60 years and the man who took the last log raft down the river in 1915; Captain Frank Fugina, 81, Winona, more'than 60 years on fhe river and promoter of nine-foot channel; Captain R. J. Karnath, 74, Fountain City, Wis., who retired six years ago after 50 years of steamboating. He is the father of three pilots, Walter, captain-of the Alexander Mackenzie; George, captain on the Cairo, and Rudolph, a pilot who is no longer on the Walter was here today. 700 at Rivermen s Banquet Talk Over Pioneer Experiences By Adolph Bremer Wabasha's "Smiling" Ed O'Reilly was playing "The Pretty Girls All Live in North La but i it was obvious that all the old-time rivermen, and some of the new ones, too, would rather be in Winona today to talk about the river. 2 Army Generals Face Contract Award Charges Washington The Army today announced temporary sus- pension of Major Generals Alden H. Waitt, chief of the chemical corps, and. Herman Feldman, in history. They did, too. About a hundred of them were at the Hotel Winona this noon for the second annual riverman's double the number of a year ago. They politely listened to "Smiling" Ed play his own harmonica tune about pretty girls, then resumed their reminiscing about the river. And, boy, can they reminisce. Like Winona's Captain Frank Fu- gina, 81, says, "We've all got a little history." But when you put 100 rivermen together some of them, a little snootily, would much rather be called have a lot of connection with investigations of Army contracts. Both men are Army career veterans. An announcement issued by the national military establishment however. "Secretary of the Army Gordon been under close police watch in'Gray announced today that he had his palace for nearly a month since communist hecklers hooted him out of St. Vitus cathedral during a sermon criticizing the government. Other priests and laymen, how- ever have been jailed, the justice minister said, when "caught in pun- ishable activities." These included the transfer of priests under dis- ciplinary orders. Cepicka admitted certain state controls had been clamped on Cath- olic churches and schools. He claim- ed they were necessary to "stop sabotaging activities" or the educa- tion of children in "antipeople's democratic fashion." In dealing with the Pope's orders for major ovr.mmiinina.tinn of mili- tant communists, Cepicka declared: "Let no one have the slightest doubt that anyone who in any way attempts to carry out this directive of the Vatican perpetrates treason.'' Vatican Denies Allegation (In Vatican City, the newspaper L'Osservatore Romano denied left- ist charges that the Roman Catholic church is meddling in politics by excommunicating Catholics who are active communists. (The paper said the excommuni- cation decree's "essentially religious nature, which cannot justify any objection whatever, has everywhere been In the draft of the new church control law churches would be forced to tories of all their properties, incomes and' budgets. Churchmen have claimed such in- ventories were preparatory to con- fiscation. 3 Killed in British Airlift Plane Crash Berlin British Hastings airlift plane crashed and burned while taking off from Tegel air- field in Berlin today, killing five crewmen, airport officials report- ed. I temporarily relieved from their duties Major General Alden Harry Waitt, chief'of the chemical corps, and Major General Herman Feld- man, the quartermaster general. 'Following published reports, cer- him for the banquet, A. B. Whitney, Rail Labor Leader, Dead Last year, said Fountain City At- alleged influence in the award of torney M. Li Fugina, the toastmaster ..J fn-mci. mofa "wro HinTVT. Erpr, and a former mate, "we didn't get through until 3 o'clock. 'This year we intend to get through sooner." He had a formidable problem, There was Fred Hanson, Stanley, N. D., a native of Minneiska, who worked on the Laird Norton steam- boat, the Frontenac. He's been away from the Mississippi and had lots to tell. And there was Captain R. J. Kar- Clevcland Alexander Bell Whitney, 76, fiery labor leader who was the friend and sometimes bit- ter opponent of presidents of the United States, died at his home ear- ly today of a heart attack. Festival Spirit Hits Climax at 70-Unit Parade Program to Close With Fireworks Sunday Night Crowds lined Winona streets this afternoon to witness the color and pageantry of the 70-unit 1949 Steamboat days parade. The shirt-sleeved throng began to take its place along the Third street parade route shortly after noon today. With temperatures hovering at the tO-mark, festival visitors were crowded along sidewalks in the business district when Parade Mar- shal Jack Dugan signaled for the marching units to step off at a few i minutes after 2 p. m. More than 500 persons participat- ed in the mile and one half long parade which marched to the music of ten bands and drum and bugle corps. Carnival Royalty Minneapolis Aquatennial and St. Paul Winter Carnival royalty- Queen of the Lakes Patty McLane and St. Paul's King escorted on floats in the parade and paid homage to Winona's newly- crowned 1949 Steamboat Days Queen Prances Rick. She rode on the of- ficial Steamboat Days float near the head of the parade. Miss Winona's float was entered in the parade by the Winona. Asso- ciation of Commerce and was con- structed of white metallic foil trim- med in red. Mounted on a truck platform, the floor of the float across which was spread a red carpet lead- ing to a red throne against a back- ground of white trim. Winona's queen was flanked by her two attendants, Elizabeth Kin- zie and Irene AchefT. Both also were announced at last night's Coro- nation ball at the armory. Two bouquets ot fresh gladioli, provided a floral setting for the float. Color Guard The parade began at Third and Liberty streets and -ass led by a color guard and a National Guard marching unit. Cars carrying city officials, includ- ing Mayor Cy Smith, were escorted by the Winona municipal band, fol- lowing which was the Association of Commerce inarching unit and Steamboat Days float. The Winona queen's float was followed by automobiles carrying Miss McLane and King Boreas. Tonight the Rushford High school band wiil present a concert from the Levee park stage marking the opening of the outdoor program which also will Include six vaude- ville and dancing acts at the open- air theater area at the river's edge. The Fireworks Display four-day festival will close Sunday night with a fireworks dis- play at the Levee park which will The peppery president of the culminate a final-day program that Brotherhood of Rail- road Trainmen was stricken af- ter spending a full day at his of- fice and an evening with friends at his Bay Village home. His wife, Dorothy Mae Whitney, said she heard him call out that he was not feeling well early this morning. She telephoned for help, returned to his side and' found him dead. nath, Fountain City, retired river i Outspoken for the policies of the captain, who had one of his three J Prankiin D. Roosevelt, Whit- ney served on several national Walter-wito tain information concerning persons who claimed that they were able to exert influence in procuring Hearing. Among rivermen, that's aristocra- cy, and aristocracy must have a committees, including the one which foe barge stage at p. m. Army contracts was secured by the subcommittee of the Senate com- mittee on expenditures in the ex- the annual President's birth- baUs for jrfxrttte paralysis day i victims. He also served on the There were men present, too, United States dele- Winona's C. D. Tearse, who admits the inter-American peace his active steamboating was at "a kid's job." He was a "nigger-run- ecutive departments. This informa- ner" on a steamboat that pushed tion was further developed by the j log rafts. It appears that the job inspector general of the Army and a complete investigation is now be- ing made. The Senate subcommittee has raft under the captain's direction .LAII. ____ noon evidence which indicates that Gen- eral Waitt improperly furnished personnel data to an individual not in the military service who was not entitled to receive such data; and that General Feldman furnished to a contractor's representative pro- curment information under circum- stances which appear irregular. "Secretary Gray said that, while not attempting to draw conclusions on the basis of an incomplete in- vestigation, he had decided to re- lieve General Waitt and General Feldman from their duties pending the outcome of the investigation because evidence secured to date indicates that each officer had ex- hibited a lack of that judgment and sense of propriety which must be ocpected of persons in taeir posi- tions. He emphasized that the in- vestigation was still in progress and that each officer would be given ample opportunities for a full bear- ing.'" The suspension of the was first reported, without names, by Chairman Hoey (D-N.C.) of the Senate subcommittee. Hoey emphasized that the Army had given "most helpful co-opera- tion." He said the committee will; pursue the matter vigorously. of "nigger-runner" has nothing to do with Negroes or running, but instead involved steering the log conference at Buenos Aires in 1936. It was in recent years in relations with President Truman, however, that Whitney came into breakfast table view of the American pub- lic. But things like that didn't need explaining this noon. It was full speed ahead, instead on renewing of acquaintances, talk about boats, relating of experiences, all of which was tied up com- pletely with Ol' Man River. And in the conversation captains were addressed like generals are in the Army. There was a bar, too; it would be a lie not to mention it. One of the retired river captains on it might have "a little snifter of beer." "I feel like I'm eating he marked as some helpful soul show- ed him the-way. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Sunday. Warmer Sunday. Low tonight 66, high Sun- generals flay 92. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 90; minimum, 64; noon, 88; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 7. The crippling railway strike of May, 1946, was in full swing. All but 100 of of the nation's scheduled passenger trains and 240 of freight trains were out of operation for a 48-hour period. of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, to the White House for a closed conference. The labor chiefs called their men back to work, but soon after Whit- ney shouted "double cross." He said they were1 induced by the President to postpone the strike for five days on the promise that an agreement would be forthcom- ing from railroad management. Instead, he said, the brotherhood officials were given the run-around. President Truman asked Con- gress for an automatic draft for striking railroaders. Whitney soon after announced plans to use the brother-1 hood treasury to defeat Truman in the election of 1948. A reconciliation between the la- bor leader and the President fol- lowed, however. The men shook hands, agreed they were both hotheaded, and went to work together. In J.948, (Continued on Page 12, Column 5) WHITNEY opens with amateur motorboat races at p. m. The will present a water carnival show of acrobatic swimming at the park at p. m., following which there will be an exhibition of high diving by pro- fessional divers at p. m. The public will be afforded an opportunity until 9 p. m. today and all day Sunday to Inspect riverboats moored at the Levee. The fireworks display will follow the third daily vaudeville show from First Harvest Operations in Grand Forks Area Grand Forks, N. D. harvest operations in Grand Forks county were reported yesterday by W. R. Page, county agent, who said ten acres of Montcalm barley had been cut on the Art Green- berg farm near Grand Forks. The field was badly lodged, but the President Truman called Whitney yieid was thick and a good yield and Alvanley Johnston, grand chief is expected, said Page. Chiang Again Leads Nationalists Canton; China mo Chiang Kai-shek took over leadership of Nationalist China's ;op policy board today. He was formally named by the Kuomintang (Nationalist party) central political council and cen- tal executive committee to head the cil. new 12-man emergency coun- It will replace the central political council. The emergency council is virtu- ally a supreme war cabinet. It was created as part of the Nation- alist effort, toward a hoped for comeback against the communists. Chiang declared two days ago he would fight on until victory. The Generalissimo retired as president of China in January. But ie has remained the top leader [of Nationalist China.