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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 12, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT, WEDNESDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 123 CENTENNIAL EDITION WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 12, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FORTY-EIGHT PAGES ool Sinking Fund Levy Doubled; Up k i I ._- JM i 13 Newsmen, 32 Others Dead in India Air Crash Hilltop Near Bombay Struck During Storm U. S. Reporters On Dutch Tour Of Indonesia Bombay, India Thirteen] American correspondents and 32 j other persons died today in thej crash of a KLM Constellation grop- j ing through monsoon rainstorms! toward a Bombay island airfield, j The American reporters were re-j turning home from a tour of Indo-j nesla sponsored by the Dutch gov- ernment. It was the second tragedy to befall planes of KLM (the Royal Dutch Airline) within three weeks. The Constellation that carried the reporters to Indonesia crashed on its return trip to Europe, killing 33 persons off Bari, Italy, June 23. The correspondents killed includ- ed Charles Gratke, foreign editor of the Christian Science Monitor. A 14th American killed was Lynn Mahan, representative of a New York public relations company. The others killed were 11 Dutch crew- men, Including the general opera- tions manager of KJL.M, at Kar- achi, Pakistan; 17 other Dutch- men; two Chinese and one Briton. Thirty-three bodies had been re- covered by nightfall, approximately 14 hours after the crash. The plane caught fire and charred trees on the rain drenched hill- top. One eye-witness said the bod- ies were so badly burned that iden- tification was difficult. India's Worst Air Crash The accident was said to be the worst in India's aviation history. The Indian government began an investigation and granted special authorization to K.L.M. to send an aircraft and Dutch technicians to the scene. Two winners the Pulitzer prize Tor news reporting were among those killed. They were H, R, Knicker- bocker of radio station WOR, New York, and S. Burton Heath of NBA (the Newspaper Enterprise associa- tion) Five Hiss Jurors Thought Judge Biased Kaufman Decides To Let Record Speak for Self New York The New York Herald Tribune said today that telephone interviews with members of the Alger Hiss trial jury show five think Federal Judge Samuel H. Kaufman was biased in favor Thousands Coming For Four-Day Fete Calliope music will call thousands to the WInona riverfront this weekend, heralding the second annual Steamboat Days this city's huge fun. Arrangements have just been completed to bring an old fashioned the defense. jcial riverside stage, and continuing when a mam- American Dead The American reporters listed as dead: Charles Gratke, Christian Science Monitor. William Newton, Scripps Howard Newspaper Alliance. .Bertram Hulen. New York Times. Vincent Mahoney, San Francisco Chronicle. James Branyon, Houston Post. Nat Barrows, Chicago Daily News. H. R. Knickerbocker, radio sta- tion WOR. John Werkley, Time Magazine. Elsie Dick, Mutual Broadcasting System. Tom Falco, Business Week. S. Burton Heath, Newspaper En- The newspaper said two of the until sunaay evemng wnen a mam- 12 jurors stated they do not think moth hour-long fireworks display the judge showed bias, one de- wl11 be off' the Steamboat Days dined to take a stand, three had Program is a gay and colorful one. Republican-Herald photo Excavation Was Begun today on the new Y.M.C.A. building at West Fourth and Winona streets. A. M. Kramer, Winona, subcontracted to prepare the site for construction. General contractor is H. B. Kilstofte. In this photo, a scoop of dirt is being dumped in one of the big trucks. Rural Phone Bill Up in House Today Excise Tax Cuts May Develop in '50 By Jack Bell promise of excise tax cuts in with new cushions against held out to business today by Congress. This was one of the first tangible reactions as lawmakers surveyed Washington _ _ The rural i President Truman's 11-point telephone bill came up in the House ithe-depression today. Opponents centered their) fight on efforts to minimize federal- aid competition with privately-fi nanced phone service. that into effect before a pre-Labor day! Electrification administration make loans for rural telephone service the same as it has been do- adjournment this year. However, j a leading Republican, Representa- tive Joe Martin of Massachusetts! that he agrees with Mr. Tru- man that within a few years the country can achieve a national out- service me same as u "as uccu uu------- m nnn nnft nm ing for years in the field of elec- OM a ye ar terprise Association. Fred Colvig; Denver Post. George Moorad, Portland gonian. tricity for farms. The loans, bearing two per cent interest, could be made to private corporations, public agencies and cooperatives, with Identical terms to all qualified borrowers. Loans could not be made in any state hav- ing a state authority for telephone service regulation unless the state body gives its approval. The House agriculture committee, which is backing the bill, says that the legislation is the only practical way to provide farm homes with is a fifth more than the present annual rate. Chairman Doughton (D-N.C.) of the House ways and means com- mittee joined with Chairman George (D-Ga.) of the Senate fi- nance committee in promising re- lief next year from some of the heavy wartime taxes. These have applied to a long range of items from furs to face powder, and in- cluding transportation fares and communications. Reds May Cut Czech Catholic Charity Funds no comment, and the 12th could not be reached.. Judge Kaufman, who has been accused of bias by some members of the House committee on un- American activities, issued this statement last night: "After conferring with some ofi _ wljl Twice Daily The calliope will be played each afternoon and evening preceding vaudeville and sports entertain- ment at the levee, according to Steamboat Days corflmitteemen. Special outdoor scenery and :ffects will help form a on any debates. The record speaks for itself." Trial of Hiss, former State department official, ended Friday night with the jury split eight for conviction and four for acquittal. The government plans to bring Hiss to trial again on the perjury charges. Robert P. Patterson, former sec- retary of war and now president of the bar association of the city of New York, is among those defend- ing Judge Kaufman's conduct of the trial. Two newspapers disclosed yes- terday that Patterson wrote to Hiss last August after charges first were made against Hiss1 and ex- pressed him. stage, from which the vaudeville acts and musical numbers will be given. The barge stage is being con- structed on a level with the ground, allowing the crowds a good view of the performers, i From the barge such acts as the Tip Tops, a fast tumbling and ac- robatic team, will perform after- noon and evenings Friday through Sunday. Roller Skating- Also on the vaudeville billing will be a fast roller skating act, the Al- varado troupe of slack wire artists, Moe and Joe, comedy team, a line of dancing girls to open and close continued confidence show' Tuttle. clown, and music from Don Dreamer's show Patterson's letter to Hiss said: I band. "This is just a line to say that the barge the 26 queen the stories in the press this morn- candidates will be formally Intro- ing have not made the slightest dent in my trust and confidence and Clark Eichelberger Prague The communist in you. "You started the organization of the com- mittee for the Marshall plan, which was certainly 180 degrees from the 'party line.' I have that in mind as well as many other things." Patterson said last night that the letter was quoted correctly, but he government may use state furtner comment! utions to charity as a weapon inj whittaker Chambers, chief ac- its fight with the Roman Catholic I cuser of Hiss, testified at the trial that Hiss furnished government se- church in Czechoslovkia. An article distributed by the of- crets for transmission to a prewar Soviet spy ring. Chambers, self- ficial news agency last night made'styled former courier for the al- a veiled threat to stop government leged ring, also said Hiss was a asked for relations to Catholic charities un- i.al of. the excises on freight as j less the bishops give up in the the committee said claim there are lone of the measures to keep the church-state battle, comparatively fewer farm telephones j economy rolling in high gear and The article, referring to Char- today than there were in 1920, off a threatened business re-jjtas, a Catholic charitable organ- than one-third of all farms havine cession. ization, said the government had But George told a reporter anyj brought Catholic charities back to L. Y. Mahan, of the Swanson Public Relations Company, repre- the Netherlands govern- Two Left Party than one-third of all farms having telephones in the census year of 1945, while 38.7 per cent had them in 1920. The committee said it does not agree with spokesmen for independ- Ore-'ent telephone companies that most i of the nation's farmers can't af- senting ment. ford telephones and most of those who can afford them already have them. The committee conceded that the (two per cent interest rate provided latlon. Mathews said on his arrival at Two Americans originally in the I in the bill "is clearly a form of sub- Dorothy Brandon of I sidy from the standpoint of the bor- the New York Herald Tribune even though it may not cost William R. Mathews, Tucson, the government anything." decided not to re-1 Opponents of the bill have called turn aboard the ill-fated Constel- it a step toward socialization of the telephone industry through'govern- ment financing. 21-Gun Salute Cut in Israel Tel Argentine em- bassy in the United States forward- ed to Israel a request for Informa- tion on how many gun salutes are Manila that Mrs. Branddon had re fused to fly on the KLM aircraft because she feared it would be sabotaged. He quoted her as say- ing the plane would be "sabotaged as sure as your life." No evidence that the plane was sabotaged has been uncovered thus far. The Constellation was en route from Batavia to the Netherlands. The plane was due in Cairo to- night and Amsterdam tomorrow. KLM officials in New Delhi pointed j out that the line never had served Bombay and its pilots were un- familiar with the Bombay airport area. Dutch planes had not been allowed to land in India since the conflict between the Dutch government and the Indonesian republic, but a special request from the American newsmen that the restriction be relaxed was approved by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The plane left Batavia, Java, July 10. The newsmen had left New Delhi for Santa Cruz early today. fired here for Israeli President Weizman. Actually the new state hasn't had time yet to work out a lot of these matters. But is protocol depar- ment set to work, drew up a code, and replied: "21 guns, as other states do for their presidents." But the note added, confiden- tially, that in fact so far .they've only been firing: five of the war and munitions supply and all that. (And whether it's five or 21, it is the first time military censorship has passed the fact that Israel has that many guns.) 1 duced to the crowds for the first time Thursday night. The group of beauties will make an appearance in their formals aft- er a "Get-Together" banquet at the Oaks night club. Winona's civic chorus, colorfully costumed in. period clothes, will sing from the stage Thursday night following a band concert at p. m. by the Winona municipal band. The chorus, directed by H. Irving Tingley, accompanied by Mrs. Ting- ley, will offer a program of music representative of each decade since the first settlers came here about 100 years ago. Band concerts, too, have been such move now would cost the flourishing condition, after they eminent revenue in ajnatj dropped under German occu- period when Mr. Truman seems pation, by contributing about a defense witness. to have resigned himself to in-the- in 1947-48. communist. Study of the transcript of the trial showed yesterday that Judge Kauf- man allowed a defense psychiatrist to observe Chambers on the wit- ness stand over prosecution objec- tions. After a number of days observ- ing Chambers, the psychiatrist, Dr. Carl A. L. Binger, appeared brief- red financing by dropping his de-j "it is Up to all the faithful to mand for any major tax increases. George said and Doughton agreed In a separate interview- that if Congress lifts the lid on realize." the article the current church-state struggle which is really a political struggle dictated by foreign reaction and excises now there might be waged under the cloak of re- stopping repeal of most of such levies. The finance committee already has cleared a proposal by Senator Johnson to knock out a long list of these taxes at a rev- enue loss running up to 000. Administration leaders are sit- ting on this move, despite its sup- port by Senator McGrath of Rhode Island, the Democratic national Chairman. George said the tax on freight, which adds to the retail cost of about everything, "should be one of the first to come off." He found himself unable to agree with the President's proposal that estate and gift taxes be raised, but said that something is almost certain to be done about softening business, loss carrybacks and car- ryovers next year. These permit averaging out a firm's taxable in- come over good years and bad. Steamboat Days Edition A' limited number of addi- tional copies of today's edition of The Republican-Herald have been printed and are on sale at The Republican-Herald office. They may be mailed to former Winonans. ligion also seriously endangers the peaceful activities of the char- The government has a commun- ist-controlled committee adminis- tering Charitas, similar to com- mittees to promote its Catholic Action society as a rival to the church's lay organization. G. I. Insurance Dividend Payments Begin in January Washington Dividend checks from national service life in- surance probably will start going out at the rate of a day next January, the Veterans administra- tion said today. Carl R. Gray, Jr., veterans admin- istrator, said the complicated prep- aration procedure makes payment this year impossible. Gray's letter replied to published charges that the dividend is being delayed until an election year for political rea- ons. The Veterans administration is go- ing to pay a special dividend on about poli- cies held by World War veterans and servicemen, j When Defense Counsel Lloyd Paul Stryker asked the psychiatrist a lengthy question -about Cham- bers' background, Judge Kaufman refused to allow the doctor to an- swer, and ordered the question stricken from the record. This incident was among those cited in attacks by congressmen on the way Judge Kaufman conducted the trial. The perjury charges against Hiss were based on his denial before a federal grand jury that he gave government secrets to Chambers to be passed on to the alleged spy ring, and his denial 'that he ever saw Chambers after January 1, 1937, until the current espionage investigations started. Pains Studied in Forecasting Weather London A. J. Whiten, 53, is a London taxicab driver, a fel- low of the Royal Meteorological Society and an observer of pains and weather. In his "Pain Observation" book he wrote down records of aches in 1948 sent him by suffer- ing humanity. At his own weather station at his home in nearby Wor- cester Park, Surrey, he kept daily climate data. Now he has matched this informa- tion and come up with what a lot of old timers could have told you before: Sudden pains are a sign or rain. THOUSANDS 11 Killed steam calliope here for the big four-day event, familiar songs will float out over the! city each afternoon and evening from Levee park. As in old riverboat days, the calliope music will serve to. at- tract spectators to entertainment. An elaborate program is in store for the crowds expected to attend the celebration. Starting with a band and chorus The strains of old Plane Crash Los Los Angeles police radio car broadcast today that 11 persons were killed and 30 New Lincoln School Funds Contemplated Ten-Mill Rate Highest for Sinking Fund Since War By Gordon Holte Contemplating an immediate and extensive program of school build- ing improvement and expansion, the WInona board of education Monday night voted to double the present five mill levy for the school building sinking fund lor the 1950-51 fiscal year. The decision to raise the sink- ing fund levy to the ten-mill limit authorized by law was made at last night's annual budget meet- ing. An tax budget was approved for the next fiscal year. The proposed budget is slightly more than higher then the budget prepared for city council approval a year ago. Budget matters were considered at the close of last night's session. No discussion attended the pre- sentation of the 1950-51 budget and sinking fund levy by the finance injured in the flaming crash of a comrnittee for voting by the board TROTHS VtOOT f VlO r Standard Airlines plane near the summit of Santa Susana pass. The crash occurred shortly after had! Approved Quickly Details of the budget listing ap- parently had been discussed at earlier board committee meetings and were approved quickly and Calif., unscheduled flight. were 48 persons aboard. -Sere latl Based on Russia's little Blockade' of Berlin Continues a mill valuation of the proposed school build- ing sinking fund levy for 1950-51 would yield revenue estimated at during the next fiscal year. Approximately already is in the sinking fund for school con- struction and improvement. The board has long considered the necessity for Increasing the sinking fund levy in consequence of its long-term program of school (building planning. I Research Group This summer, a research group from the University of Minnesota I is engaged in making a survey of ut Ol-u Ui. Berlin Russia s little] school facillties WInona blockade" of Berlin piled up trucks at Helmstedt again today. Truck traffic to this four-power city, 100 miles inside the Soviet zone, was banned for the third day except for four trucks an hour al- lowed to pass over the autobahn (superhighway) from Helmstedt in the British zone. There has yet to been no Rus- sian explanation, although the So- viets had told the British they would send a letter today setting forth the reasons for the new restrictions. An indication of what the expla- nation might be was given in the official army newspaper Taegliche Rundschau. the board's will draft specific recommendations for a future building program to sat- isfy the city.'s public school needs. The survey will determine areas in the city where expansion or reduction in facilities might be ex- pedient. One of the major Items on the school board's building agenda is the construction of a new Lincoln school building which is consider- ed one of the city's prime neeos at present. Plans for the construction of the new building were projected and improved in 1941, but construction was held up because of the war. The paper printed a dispatch from Several of the present board the Soviet-licensed news agency at ]eastj are determined quoting informed circles to the ef- fect that German truckers going to Berlin through the Russian zone had frequently left their prescribed! to push for the immediate resump- tion of the Lincoln school project. Ten-Mill Rate The 1950-51 ten-mill rate win be routes to buy foodstuffs with west-1 highest levied for the sinking (Continued on Page 21, Column 2.) marks-which are banned in Russian- jfund the post.War period. The occupied GermSny. Some Of The 20 Cars ol a 112-car Pennsylvania railroad freight train lie piled up and derailed at Newton Falls, Ohio, when automatic brakes of the four-unit diesel locomotive locked after the lead car became uncoupled. The accident on the Baltimore Ohio's right of way. caused rerouting for 12 hours by the Pennsylvania and New York Central railroads who use the route. (AP Wirephoto) levy last stood at ten mills in 1941 and for nearly 20 years had been maintained at a nearly constant level of ten mills before being re- duced to an all-time low of two mills in 1942. Since that time, the levy has been increased steadily and was set at eight mills at last July's budget meeting. The eight-mill mills higher than that of the previous year last fall drew opposition from an economy minded city council which sent the budget back to the school board with the re- quest, that the levy be slashed to two mills. After a lengthy stand for the original eight-mill figure, the board finally agreed on the compromise of five mills to be levied for the 11949-50 fiscal year. Under charter, the school board is required to send 'its tax budget to the city council for its consideration. The council may reject or disapprove of the bud- get, but the board Is authorized to i override the council veto by a two- (thirds majority. By the laws of 1923, the top limit (Continued on Page 3.) SCHOOL BOARD WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Wednesday. No de- cided change in temperature. Low tonight 64, high Wednesday 84. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum, 65; noon, 86; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at (Additional Weather on Page
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