Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 11, 1949, Winona, Minnesota LIGHT SHOWERS TONIGHT, TUESDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 122 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JULY 11, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Truman Cancels Tax Increase Call Prowlers Pry Open Two Safes at Baileys Store Burglars Use Crowbars; Enter by Window Store's Loss Undetermined Pending Check Winona police this morning began an intensive examination of the of- fice of the Bailey and Bailey dry ;oods store, 57 East Third street, in a search for clues to the identity of prowlers who broke open two safes in the store last night. The safes, both located in the balcony office of the building, ap- parently were pried open with crowbars and screwdrivers which were left in the office. The safecracking was discovered by a store janitor, George Duffy, when he reported to work shortly before a. m., today and com- pany officials still are making an Inventory of the ransacked contents o! the two safes to determine the loss sustained. Store officials this afternoon de- clined to make a specific estimate of tbe amount of loss and police stated that they had not been in- formed of the loss sustained. Store President Luther H. Bailey commented that "although a com-' plete check has not been made as yet, we believe it is only a small loss completely covered by insur- ance." He added that the firm's pay- roll is made Saturday afternoon. The incident is the first major safecracking reported to Winona police in slightly more than 25 years although several attempts to open of them apparently fruit- investigated by detectives iiere last year. The last such in- stance occurred at the Kresge store here about 26 years ago, police said, when a substantial amount of money was removed from an office safe. Fingerprints Taken Chief of Detectives Everett Laak spent most of the morning today at the store in an attempt to secure fingerprints or other clues left by the safecrackers. The Minnesota state crime bureau notified authorities here that it will send one of its agents to Winona to assist in the investigation. Investigations made by Detective Laak this morning revealed that the prowlers apparently entered the store by a circuitous route after climbing an outside wooden stairway to the roof of the Spurgeon Mer- cantile Company, 73 East Third street. Footprints on the roof indicated that the safecrackers walked across the roof of the J. C. Penney Com- pany, stepped across a ledge and made their way across the roof of Neville's which adjoins the Bailey store. Window Pried Open Neville's roof is at the level of an east window on the second floor jf Bailey and Bailey and marks on Parachutist Rescued From Lake Michigan Milwaukee A parachut- ist was rescued yesterday after he plunged into Lake Michigan some miles from shore in an exhibition jump that was off course. John G. Leonard, 22, former army paratrooper now a student at Marquette university, said he had planned to land about a quarter of a mile from shore where a coast guard boat was waiting. Officials said he either misjudged his distance or was carried out by the wind. A pleasure boat cruising in the area picked him up and he was hospitalized for treatment of shock and exposure. Truce in Steel Dispute Sought Before Saturday By Max Hall Washington steel labor f crisis swept into Washington today in its rush toward a possible na- tion-wide strike next Saturday. Seeking to avert a vast steel shutdown, Cyrus S. Ching, 6-fopt- 7 director of the Federal Media- tion Conciliation service, prepar- ed to hash over the dispute with both sides this afternoon. He invited to the conference Phi- TitofoSeal 11 New Measures Yugoslav Border To Build Up Jobs, Production Asked Ey Alex Singleton Belgrade, Pre- mier Marshal Tito last night said Yugoslavia plans to seal its bor- der with Greece. He said the object would be to protect Yugoslavs from the Greek civil war. Tito spoke last night before an estimated people in the Adri- atic port city of Pola, taken over from Italy at the end of the war. The text of his address was made public here this morning. The major policy speech, first by the Yugoslav leader since April, ranged over a wide variety of top- ics. Included were the Greek bor- der situation, negotiations for a loan from the west, the economic boycott started by the cominform nations, progress of Yugoslavia's five-year plan, the future of Trieste and the Big Four's rejection of his claims to Austrian Carinthia. Of the Greek situation, Tito said "it has come to this: That we must gradually close this frontier and safeguard the lives of our jworkingmen in this part of our country." M T (Western diplomats had specu- lip Murray, president of the C.I.O. lated recently that Tito might cut With Greece Hints He Will Take East Loan On Own Terms Main Points of Report In his midyear economic report to Congress, President Truman: 1. Advised against a tax boost; urged some cuts. 2. Declared the economy strong but menaced by joblessness. 3. Asked for ll-point antidepression program. 4 Dropped his demands for "standby" federal controls. 5. Set a national output goal ol 30 per cent rise. Ey Sterling F. Green Truman today canceled his call for a tax increase. He bowed to a temporary deficit spending policy to head off any depression. 'No major increase in taxes should be undertaken at this time were the .President's words. Also: United Steelworkers of America, Qff tQ the Greek guerrillas as and officials of several large n for the economio war panies including the pace-setting ed against by the United Steel Corporation, I communist nations of eastern Eur- Before the negotiations between ope.) the union and TJ. S. Steel fell apartj Tne Yugoslav leader accused last week in Pittsburgh, the unionjGreek "monarcho-fascists" of pro- argued that the company could vocations and called on "America raise wages as much as 20 cents England to take these provc- an hour and still reduce prices" and! cati0ns seriously and put an end make a substantial profit. t0 this." The Yugoslavs have The Safe Above was one of two broken into by safecrackers at the Bailey and Bailey dry goods store, 57 East Third street, some time last night. Crowbars and screwdrivers apparently were used to gain entry to both of the safes. An estimate of loss sustained by the break-in has not yet been made by store officials. Republican-Herald photo Wykoff School i Burglarized of Lanesboro Loss '49 Corn Crop stimate High The company said higher wages would mean higher prices, and it refused any wage increase at all. Disputes over pensions and insur- ance benefits were deadlocked too. The union has never formally demanded a specific wage figure. But Arthur Goldberg, the union's general counsel, said in an inter- view that a 20-cent figure was used in the negotiations by way of illus- tration. TJ. S. Steel says the av- erage basic hourly wage is now In that connection, Murray plan- ned to fortify himself by bringing out his other capacity .of president of the new i report by Economist Robert B. Na- than to help justify the demands of C.I.O. unions for a fourth post- war round of wage raises. Steel workers got a raise of cents in 1946, 15 cents in 1947 and 13 cents in 1948. said Greek troops crossed their bor- der on several occasions. In the face of the economic blockade laid down by the comin- form (Communist International in- formation Tito admitted frankly he was seeking a loan from the West. Asking for Loan "It is he said, "that we are asking for and we shall take a loan if a loan is given to us because we need a loan, while also the giving of the loan would be useful to those who give it to us." He emphasized such a loan must without political conces- Two Killed in Potomac River Yacht Explosion Wykoff, high school superintendent's office here was burglarized of in cash and in checks Saturday night or Sunday morning. Sheriff Donald Cook, called to investigate the theft, said that en- trance had been gained through ar second-story window. At the rear of the school building an addition about six feet high has the casing show that the prowlers' been built. Whoever committed the burglary climbed to the top of this addition and from there reached a window. Sheriff Cook said. Entering through a window which was evidently found unlocked, the thieves crossed a freshly varnished classroom and went down the hall- way to the office. The office door was jimmied open and the room ransacked, Cook re- vealed. time Friday night. Unaided by any clues, authorities today were continuing an investi- gation of the burglary. pried this window open to gain entrance to the store. Store Manager William Bailey told police this morning that he was in the store Sunday morning and that the office was intact at that time. The safe openings, therefore, could have been accomplished Sun- day afternoon or last night. The oJ'iices of the store are sit- uated midway between the second and first floors m a balcony loca-l "Judging from the way the door tion and footprints showed that Jimmied, and from the manner prowlers left the structure by a rearjin which entrance to the steel cab- door. They found a key for the rear inet was made by jimmeying, one door, which leads to a flight of could almost say it was a profes- steps on the outside of the building sional Sheriff Cook said today, to the alleyway at the rear of the I Superintendent E. S. Chambers store, and this key still was in the authorities are baffled to think lock when the investigation was initiated this morning. According to Detective Laak. who was assisted this morning by Police Records Clerk Marvin Meier, two crowbars or pinch bars and two of them were found in the office and appar- ently were the instruments used to open the two safes. Marks along the sides of the doors of the safes indicated that repeated attempts had been made to insert the bars into the safe doors before the doors had been pried open. In- vestigators theorized that a great deal of time was necessary for the operation. Contents of the safes were partly strewn on the floor of the office and plaster which lined the safe doors was on the floor. The safecrackers stepped in the plaster during their prowl nnd plaster tracks revealed how they made their exit from the I cash register and safe of the buliding. iThorson-Bietz garage here some- Washington Agricul- ture department today forecast this year's corn crop at bushels and the wheat crop at bushels on the basis of; July 1 conditions. I This is the first estimate of the year for corn. It compares with last year's record of bushels and with a ten-year (1938- 47) average of bushels. The wheat estimate is bushels less than fore- cast a month ago. It compares with last year's big crop of bushels and with the ten-year aver- age of bushels. Texas Governor Found Dead In Pullman Berth Houston, Texas Governor Beauford jester was found dead to- day in his Pullman berth on a train at the Southern Pacific railway sta- by the cominform boycott. He gibed at leaders of Commu- nist parties in eastern Europe who, he said, were "alarmed and flab- living standard was rising instead Sheriff Donald Cook, called investigate, said that the safe was not locked. He has been unable to discover how. entrance was made to the garage. JTaft to Vote Against Pact tion. Jester was 59. First word of the governor's death was received when someone at the station telephoned Homicide Lieu- tenant W. P. Brown of the Houston police department about a. m. The lieutenant dispatched three Tito declared Yugoslavia has reached and even exceeded its halfway goal in the five-year eco- terday. nomic plan and would complete General Prichard 'We cannot expect to achieve a budget surplus in a declining na- tional economy." In a stunning reversal of his stand, Mr. Truman sent to Con- gress a midyear economic report wiped clean of his past demands for price, wage or other business controls. Instead stating that unemploy- ment is acute in some areas he proposed 11 new laws to build up jobs and production, boost consum- er income and buying power, and loosen federal lending. All the ideas were familiar. Most were not drastic. They included public works planning, but not more public works; the Brannan farm plan; expansion of social se- curity and jobless pay; extended G.I. benefits. Crisis action isn't needed, Mr. Truman said, because the economy still is strong and healthy. It can hit a soaring annual output of "well above in a few years, he predicted. That is one- fifth higher than today's national production. there is nothing healthy about more unemployment or less production, Congress was told. Such trends can and must be re- versed by positive action, private and public. "Our own people insist upon the maintenance of prosperity, and will not tolerate a depression." Business Reassured The President's council of eco- nomic advisers, in an accompany- ing report, was somewhat more op- timistic in general tone than Mr. Truman. It found the business out- look reassuring. But agreed that federal action is called for. 'We may have the uniue and fortunate experience of liquidating I a major inflation without falling linto a severe the three- Washington The general member council reported. who headed the Army's public re- lations and a retired Navy officer were killed when a cabin cruiser exploded on the Potomac river yes- dead: Major General Vern- the second half successfully, E. Prichard, 57, and Commo- pite the shortages brought about dore Wilfred L. Painter, 41, TJ.S.N.R. Navy Captain Sergius N. F. Lo- boshez and Johannes Johannesen, 40, steward at the fashionable Co- bergasted" because Yugoslavia's j rmthian Yacht Club, were carried of falling. "Prom the eastern he said, "we do not ask any assist- ance. We did not ask for asist- ance from them even earlier. We asked only to trade with them on equal footing, money for money, goods for goods, because we know they are as much in need as we are. They have now discontinued the on hospital critical lists today. Eyewitnesses credited Colonel Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, one of those aboard, with great personal courage. Biddle, soldier, athlete and dip- lomat, told reporters the 50-foot cruiser Halcyon was just pulling away from the yacht club dock en route down the Potomac when occurred. In a sentence certain to win the acclaim of business, Mr. Truman took his stand against any major increase in taxes. Only 'estate and gift tax rates should be raised, he said. He add- ed that tbe transportation tax on goods should be wiped out and the "carry-over" of losses in corpora- tion taxes should be liberalized. The expected results: (A) Better profit prospects for industry.. (B) A small net loss in federal revenue, in place of a thumping boost In corporation rates and incomes tax- es which the President asked in his January economic message and for which he spoke again only a month ago. The Presjdent flailed at legisla- tors who insist on government economy to the point of cutting- "es- sential national programs" like de- fense and foreign aid. "Nothing could represent greater economic Aitu i' ixn It U Irf it. Nevertheless, we want to sell I Harbor police theorized that ne our zoods. around the boat's we tried to avoid a budget our goods. Not Turning Politically fumes collected around the boat's! ed. Washington Senator Taft XllC llCUljCUCUlu ihomicide detectives, Lloyd haPPler future- L. L. Watts and Frank Murray, to the station to begin an ivestigation. Tito made it clear, however, that when the engine was start- Yugoslavia was not turning to the West politically, "Our people are conscious they are not going toward capitalism nor to the West but that they are building socialism and a better deficit by cutting essential expen- ditures, we would contribute to low- er national output and. lower em- ,bnftrd ployment, federal receipts would the water Most fall further, and the burden upon the water. wouia jn- of them escaped with, minor juries. Thorson, co-owner, told authori- (B-Ohio) told the senate today he that as faJ ties he believed that whoever com-! will vote against the North Atlantic! However Brovm said that as far I mitted the burglary was hiding in pact because he believes it died a, the place when it was closed at 10'this country to arm western Eur- p. m. 'ope. Wisconsin Legislature Takes Summer Recess that whoever broke into the school knew about the money there. Madison, Wis. Wiscon- natural death. Justice Tom Maes hurried to the station to begin an inquest. Jester was serving his second term as governor. He took office in 1946. The lieutenant governor, Allan Shivers, also serving his second term, will take over as governor. Jester swept into office with an overwhelming majority two years ago. His victory was over Homer P. Bainey, ousted University of Texas "The superintendent told sin's lawmakers were back among Sheriff Cook said, "that he was constituents today after Sat- only person who knew the money j urday's whirlwind windup of six was in the metal cabinet. work. The legislature re- the money is banked, but this until September 12, when during summer vacation, and the I it will reconvene to deal with the money had been kept there for a governor's vetoes and appoint- short time Cook continued. The school janitor first discover- ed the break-in Sunday morning when he went to the school to check on work he had been doing the previous- day. Sheriff Cook is today checking a number of clues obtained at the scene of the burglary. Taken in Lanesboro Robbery Lanesboro, sum of S45.75 was stolen from the ments. In the closing hours of Satur- day's session; each house killed, nearly 200 bills to clear the legis- lative calendar. Two conservation bills lost out Saturday. The senate killed a bill permitting the conservation de- partment to have controlled deer hunting. The assembly disposed of a measure that would have raised; hunting license fees. Only major bill to win approval j president, his arch opponent, in the last minute rush was one that would add 15 men to the mo- tor vehicle department highway patrol. The senate concurred in the assembly measure, which' carries a appropriation. Along with ten other men from the de- partment, the 15 newcomers would concentrate on checking motor truck weights. Among bills killed or sent back to their authors by the assembly were those providing for a veter- ans' bonus, increased old-age pay- ments and a one-cent per gallon boost in gasoline taxes. Others killed included at least six bills on -water pollution, a measure to prevent segregation of highway The latter bill had been expected] funds, a bill to require commun- to boost conservation departments funds by about and make tbe state eligible for about 000 more in federal funds. ists to register with the secretary of state and one to increase the number of public service commis- sion members. Minnetonka Boat Blast Injures 3 Minneapolis A cabin crui- ser exploded and burned on Lake Minnetonka Sunday, injuring three persons. The owner of the boat, Harry Clark, Minneapolis, escaped injury. The victims were Mr. and Mrs. Tommy Banks and Clark's wife. They suffered burns. The blast occurred. shortly after the cruiser had taken on a load of gasoline at Howard's point. Mr. and Mrs. Banks and Mrs. Clark were hospitalized. General View of the yacht Halycon, on the bottom of the Corin- thian Yatch club basin where it exploded killing Major General Ver- non E. Prichard, former Army public relations director. (A.P. Wire- photo.) crease. "We cannot expect to achieve a budget surplus in a declining na- tional economy. "There are economic and social deficits that would be far more serious than a temporary deficit in the federal budget." Mr. Truman urged businessmen to lower prices where possible, to keep sales high and production high. But don't cut wages in order ito reduce prices, he advised; that cripples the worker's buying pow- ier and everyone gets hurt. These were his requests to Con- gress they are of "vital impor- he said: 1. Shun any major tax boost. Re- (Continued on Page 10, Column 2.) TRUMAN WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 88; minimum, 61; noon, 80; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: 82; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday. Light local showers late tonight or early Tuesday. Somewhat warmer to- night. Low tonight 62, high Tues- day 86.