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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1949, Winona, Minnesota SHOWERS TONIGHT, THURSDAY READ DICK TRACY BACK PAGE DAILY VOLUME 89 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 1, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Hickenlooper Presses Atomic Quiz House Passes New Veterans Pension Proposal Army Restores Order In Bolivian Uprising By Alberto Avestegni La Paz, reaching here today said the army was "in control of the situation" in Bolivia's strike-town tin mine region, scene of bloody rioting for the past four days. Army reservists from 19 to 50 were ordered mobilized last night as the cabinet met in emergency ses- sion to cope with what it calls a "state oi civil war." The government said the mobil- ization was justified by the gravity of the present situation in which striking tin miners have seized mine officials, including Americans, as hostages and fought bloody bat- tles against troops sent to the area. Two thousand dynamite-hurling miners yesterday battled 200 troops for control of the patino-owned Hu- anuni tin mines. The mining area i The Alsops Overhau Urged in Embassies By Joseph AIsop World War II Vets Eligible For Benefits First Measure Lost by One-Vote Margin March 24 Washington The House passed and sent to the Senate today a World War I and II veterans' pension bill after knocking out an "unable-to-work" provision. The roll call vote was 364 to 27. Passage came quickly after a spirited fight over the unemploy- i u- i. i ability proposal recommended by is m the high Andes, about 200 veterans' committee. The pro- miles southeast of La Pas. The government previously had is an excel- j decreed a state of siege, sus- lent chance that the London em- bassy will shortly be sold for cash on the barrelhead. The purchaser, if the deal goes through, is ex- pected to be the present ambassa- dor to the Argentine, James Bruce. vision went out of the bill by a standing vote of 172 to 57. There were no other changes Democrats Bid For G.O.P. Aid On Labor Bill T-H Act Repeal Doubted Unless Republicans Help pending rights for 901 proposed to the bill, estimated to cost, in its present form, days under semimartial law. Railroads throughout the embat- tled country meanwhile halted ser- vice, threatening a grave food shortage. The nation's President Truman and Secretary land-locked residents get most of of State Dean G. Acheson supplies by rail from Argen- not finally settled the disposition I t'na. peru and Chile. government charged the vio- lence, which broke out over the of the valuable London property, which will probably be vacated soon by Ambassador Lewis W. Douglas, who is ill. But the sale to Bruce has strong support, ac- cording to insiders. The foregoing paragraph could have appeared in the real estate columns of this newspaper, with a few names changed. It in addition to what now is being paid in pensions under Vet-! erans administration regulations, j The one-sidedness of the fight I over the unemployability clause ledi to abandonment of a planned battle to eliminate World War II veterans from the bill's provisions. There was less than two hours of raises an issue which everybody in this country ought to thinking about. The particular case of James Bruce can be dealt with rather briefly. He is a banker and a week-end was inspired by a on the bill which actually which wanted to turn the into permanent law regu- into a full-fledged revolution. Thejlations under which pensions now government said both the being paid to many veterans, national revolutionary movement and communist elements were in- volved in the "plan. Unofficial reports said the death list might total 50 as a result of Democrat. He has only two visible qualifications for the embassy in strike called to enforce a demand that the government re- jturn 26 and to Chile Friday. Two American engineers have been reported killed and the super- intendent of the Huanuni mines, London. The one that carries [Howard Keller, a U.S. citizen, was weight is the money he -gave and last presidential one that will be raised for the campaign. The publicly; mentioned is his "success1 in the Argentine, where he has been a "good" ambassador in the sense of establishing close rela tions with Juan and Evita Peron and their flashy, inner circle. totally corrup! BEING ON A COZY footing with Evita Peron seems rather poor preparation for doing business with the glacially virtuous Sir Stafford Cripps and his colleagues In the British Labor government. And the London Job has never been more Important. The Western united front against the Soviet union hinges upon Anglo- American co-operation, which is about to be severely tested by the need to evolve a constructive Far Eastern policy. The success of the Marshall plan hinges upon British recovery, which is already in danger from the wprld trade recession. Yet James Bruce's back- ing for London is so strong that it almost prevented the appoint- ment of his brother, David K. E. Bruce, as ambassador to Paris. The case of David Bruce is pre- cisely the opposite of the case of his brother. He was not a Demo- held captive by the miners. U.S. citizens and other foreigners were being evacuated from the mining area. The mine strike was slowly spreading. The government has the sup- port of the army in the crisis! The capital is calm and activity in the city is normal.' middle-of-the-road The govern- ment was elected by popular vote after a bloody revolution in July, 1946, in which president Gualberto Villarroel, leader of the National Revolutionary Movement was strung up from a lamp post in front of the presidential palace. The MNR since has been in vio- lent opposition to the government. Dr. Thomas Torpy, Minocqua, Dead Tomahawk, Thom- A mush more costly bill was de- feated by the House in March. Chairman Rankin (D-Miss.) of the veterans committee had opposed the unable-to-work provision as unfair and discriminatory. The effect of the Droyision was to half a normal day or earn half a normal day's pay is not eligible for a pension. Without that provision, the bill's cost has been estimated at almos during the next 50 years. It was the high estimated cos of pensions that resulted in defeat of the original veterans' pension measure considered by the House in March. That measure's cost had been estimated at upwards of during the next 50 years. A group of young World War H veterans who helped defeat the first bill said they would fight to kill Rankin's amendment. If they lost, they said, they would try to defeat the whole bill. The" unemployability provisions says veterans who, because of dis- ability can't do more than half a day's normal work or earn more than half the normal pay for the work they are doing, shall receive the pensions. Others would not be eligible. The pensions in most cases Joseph Leicht Dies of Injuries; Funeral Friday Winona county recorded its first 1949 traffic fatality this morning when Joseph Leicht, 465 Main street, died In ihe Winona General hospital one week after he had been injured seriously in an acci- dent on highway 61 near here. The 46-year-old production man- ager of the Winona Machine and Foundry Company had been con-! fined in the hospital since the eve- chanees ln law- but By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Senate Demo- crats plugging for a compromise version of the administration's la- bor bill bid hopefully today for Republican support. The fresh drive came as the Sen- ate neared the start of debate on the Taft-Hartley repeal measure. It is scheduled to begin as soon as the docket is cleared of two other pieces of legislation, possibly tomorrow. The Senate Democratic policy committee agreed on that proce- dure yesterday after party leaders conferrred with President Truman. The administration labor meas- ure is designed to carry out Mr. Truman's campaign pledge to get rid of the Taft-Hartley act. Be- sides repealing that law, the bill would re-enact the old Wagner act with a few amendments. Many of those who want to keep Ihe basic provisions of the T-H law are lining up in support of a substitute bill written by Re- David Lilienthal, right, chairman of the Atomic Energy commis- sion, answers questions fired at him by Senator Hickenlooper, (R.- left, as three-week probe into management of U. S. atomic energy operations opened this morning in Washington before the joint atomic energy committee. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) publican Senators Donneli (Mo.) and _ 1' would Taft Smith more than a score would be a month at age 65. The bill incorporates into proposed law existing benefits now being as G. Torpy, 82, of under Veterans administra- caown as northern Wisconsin's old man of died tion regulations. Jts sponsors say most beneficiaries now are receiv- ing that amount under V.A regu- yesterday in a hospital here. Among Dr. Torpy's patients dur-llaflons. ing his 55 years of practice were! These regulations pay a, summer cottagers and tour-j month to veterans who, at age cratic contributor, but as ECA ad- If15' as weK Permanent have a ten per cent disability ministrator. he had already proven SMving his patients he rating. They pay a month to himself brilliantly well for the Paris embassy. EVEN SO, THE Paris place would probably have gone to an- other large party contributor, Stan- ton Griffis, the former ambassa- dor to Egypt, if Averell Harriman had not pressed David Bruce's claims. And what gave Harriman tile right to intervene was not his great services to the country, but his own large party contributions, which the White House vaguely feels have not been sufficiently re- warded. James Bruce's political friends j wanted Griffis for Paris instead of David Bruce, because they thought the appointment of one brother would rule the other out. Possibly this same theory will still prevent James Bruce from going to London. Whether he goes or not does not affect the issue that is raised. The truth is that the public auc-j tion of major offices, which at' least used to be done in a shame- faced way, is beginning to be re- garded as a matter of course. It was openly cast up as a crime against James Forrestal that he had not participated in the auction in the last campaign. All the President's pious statements after Forrestal's death cannot con- ceal the fact that members of the President's own staff participated without punishment in this cheap attack. Even today, failure to lay the dollars on the line is being cast up as a crime against Am- bassador Douglas, another of those who have given the to the President and the country. The President has voiced no in- dignation. INSTEAD, HE has just given (Continued on Fatfe t, Column 5.) ALSOP ning of May 24 when he was struck! by.-a truck while-he -was walking along the highway toward Winona about four miles west of the city. The driver of the truck told au- thorities that he was driving east on the highway about two miles from the Oaks when he noticed Leicht walking on the south side of the road. He stated that as he approached Leicht, he met a westbound auto- mobile and was unable to drive closer to the center line without colliding with the oncoming vehicle. Leicht, who was walking about two feet.from the edge of the high- way, was struck in back by a projecting edge of the truck. Mr. Leicht was born February 1, 1903. A 1925 graduate of the United States Naval academy at. sponsors say the "best tea- would.be retained. Some Democratic senators who once opposed any alteration of the administration bill now privately a chance knowledging doesn't stand is amended to include some pro- 1 visions of the T-H are ac- that it unless it 130 Arrested in Detroit Law Enforcement Roundup clues in the Victor Reuther shooting, authori- ties today engaged in one of the most sweeping mop-ups of the criminal element in Detroit's history. Police headquarters reported that virtually every bluecoat and. detec- tive in Detroit's law enforcement force was ordered into action. The sudden order was issued in midaftemoon yesterday. Last night 130 men were in jail after quick Asks Complete Records on 14 Agreements Security Information On Several Individuals Demanded By Oliver W. DC Wolf Hick- enlooper (R.-Iowa) demanded today that the Atomic Energy commission turn over to him a vast volume of records and reports, including mem- oranda of 1943 Roosevelt-Churchill talks at Quebec on atomic matters. He also asked P.B J. and security re- ports on an unnamed number of persons. Hickenlooper fired this demand when the Senate-House atomic com- (mittee opened hearings on his charge that there has been "incredible mis- management" of the Atomic Energy- commission under the chairmanship of David E. Lilienthal. He said he needed the material by 4 p. m. as a basis for future ques- tioning of Lilienthal. Among other things, Hickenlooper asked the minutes of the commis- sion's meetings and its records of overtime pay to personnel in the headquarters office. 14 Demands j Lilienthal sat impassively while the senator ticked off a 14-point list i of material he wants. He gave no I immediate indication whether or not the commission would attempt to comply with the request. Lilienthal has called Hickenloop- -'s charges an "un-American" ef- i "smear" the commission. He Three Democrats law. on the labor Douglas Humphrey (Minn.) and Withers have called publicly for a series of amendments. Douglas told a reporter today that he still is insisting In the party councils that the changes be designed to win the votes of what he calls the "liberal" Re- publicans and; the "moderate" southern Democrats. "If we can pull them along with Annapolis, Md., Mr. Leicht Douglas said, "we Will be n the Naval forces from 1921 to 1939 when he retired with the rank of lieutenant. raids on gambling and hoodlum hangouts.' One theory in the Investigation is that gambling: interests conspir- ed against the lives of both Victor Reuther and his brother Walter. A gunman shot Victor through a window of his home the night! of May 24. Walter was shot simi- larly the night of April 20 last [year. Walter, president of the C.I.O. United Auto and Victor, the union's educational director, both have energetically opposed gambling in auto plants. At one time the numbers and policy rackets were said to cave flourished in the factories. Race all right and we will have a good bill.1' He was recalled to duty at the and beginning of World War II served as an instructor for the Nayal R.O.T.C. program at the University of Minnesota through- out the war. He became associated Douglas refused to say whether he personally plans to introduce any of the amendments he has in mind. These include one which would give the President limited authority to seize struck plants or industries in national emergency with the foundry in 1946 and had I situations, served as production manager there! However, one of Douglas' col- until his death. leagues said the Illinois senator In addition to his wife and regarded as the key Democrat children, Frances Margaret and Jo- in the drive to make the bill more Coroner's Jury Clears Husband In Man's Death Webster, Wis. Alvin Slay- ton was freed today after a Burnett county coroner's jury declared the ;eph all of whom reside at he is survived 'by his lather, 3r Oswald Leicht and two brothers, Robert and Edward, all -of Winona. He .was a member of the Arling- on club, the Association of Com- merce and the Ambassadors group, and the United States Naval Acad- my Alumni association. Funeral services will be held Fri- a. m., at St. Thomas Pro-Cathedral, the Rev. R. E. Jen- Burial will be in Friends may call at the Burke Fu- traveled countless miles over rough sidered totally disabled. Born in Waterloo, Wis., Dr. Tor- have paid a month to all vet- ticing physicians in the state. erans at age 65, regardless of need. nings officiating. He is survived by his widow and Unlike the original measure, the new bill incorporates a needs re- bearers at the funeral Friday will Single veterans whose neral home Thursday afternoon and include Federal Judge Patrick T. income is more than a year, n evening and Father Jennings Stone of Wausau and many north- 1 and married vets with income over uneral home at woods physicians. would not be eligible. 8 p. m. Thursday. palatable to those now against it Humphrey said in an interview that an effort is being made by the Democrats to get "some our friends on the other side the to introduce at least part of the compromise amendments. Humphrey said he agrees with Douglas that the success of the move is dependent on winning- the backing of a group of Republicans and some of the southern Demo- crats now on the fence. Among the Republicans Humphrey. named Morse (Ore.) Aiken Wl11 Langer Smith Tobey (N.H.) and possibly Ives Informed of that, Aiken said the administration bill will have to be changed a good deal before he could support it. There was no indication, mean- while, that Mr. Truman is willing to agree to a compromise version. Vandenberg Urges Prompt O.K. of Atlantic Treaty Washington denberg (R.-Mich.) Senator Vaa- called today An Oil Tank Explodes to a mass of flame and smoke during a fire which stffl blazed at the Searle Petroleum Company at Omaha this morning. An estimated gallons of oil was destroyed. (AJP. Wiiephoto to The Republican-Herald.) for prompt approval of the At- lantic pact by the foreign relations committee, to strengthen Secretary of State Acheson's hand at Paris. The administration's decision to put off Senate debate on the secur- ity treaty makes early committee action almost imperative, Vanden- berg told newsmen, adding: 'A prompt and effective report the committee approving the treaty should be helpful to Mr. Acheson .in the foreign ministers' conference." The committee track bookies also were active along with lotteries. Police Commissioner Harry S. Toy said he had an underworld tip that the 24-day Ford strike, with men absent from De- troit plants, had cost a gambling syndicate The Wayne county sheriff's de- partment and state police cooperat- ed with city police in the round- up of gamblers and hoodlums. Their action also was directed against known subversive groups. Authorities have speculated wheth- er the Reuthers were victims' of "political" plots. Two orders went out to all police departments. In the first Toy ordered the as- signment of "all available man- power, without regard to time lim- itation." He said he wanted a roundup of "all -known professional gamblers, racketeers, hoodlums or members of subversive or radical groups." Toy, Sheriff Andrew Baird and State Police Siler' signed Lieutenant the second. directed against' "all known sus- picious characters." Bomb Explodes As Franco Visits Barcelona, Spain Barcelona, Spain A small bomb exploded today in the cellar of traffic police headquarters during Generalissimo Francisco Franco's visit to this Catalonian capital. No one was injured. The bomb knocked out part of lie cellar wall in the. building, pcated in the heart of the city. The explosion was the second such ncident here in less than a month. Jombs exploded at the Brazilian, Jolivian and Peruvian consulates May 15 during United Nations dis- cussion of the Spanish question. death, fiable of George homicide." Link, 35, "justi- District Attorney C. J. Strang said the jury last night recommend- ed that Slayton be discharged from the county jail at Grantsburg, where he had been held without charge since Link died Monday many names there were. night after a fist fight between the two. Strang said witnesses, summoned by Coroner j, R. Swedberg, testi- fied that Slayton, 30, had returned home Monday night after having been out of town some weeks with a construction crew. The.witnesses declared that ton found his wife was not at home and waited up for her. Later, they the Army in 1946 and now is rolling." At the outset of the hearings. Chairman McMahon (D.-Conn.) said the aim would be atOhairuth persecu- tion" and "no whitewash." He told Hickenlooper then to pro- ceed. Hickenlooper demanded the AEC material and read a, long prepared statement. Despite the sweeping nature of the material he demanded, Hicken- looper emphasized in his statement ;hat his charges "go solely and en- :irely to the question of the admin- istrative competency of Lilienthal as chairman of the Atomic Energy com- mission." "I will resist the attempt of any- one to divert this inquiry by becloud- ng the issues or introducing extra- neous he said. Hickenlpoper had a sealed envel- >pe he said contained the names of the persons he wants to get security data, about. Ke did not say how With Lilicanthal and Carroll L, Wilson, AEC general manager, fac- ng him over a committee table, Sickenlooper began by saying that Lilienthal is "Inadequate" to fill the job he holds. The Iowa senator then demanded testified, Slayton engaged link, a asked to see the envelope. telephone company worker, in a fight when Link and Mrs. Slayton came back together around mid- night. Strang said Slayton told him Link fell to the ground during the-fight and died shortly after. Slayton in- formed officers of the Incident Im- mediately after, Strang said. Howard The Jury returned a verdict that It was Link died ks tne result injuries suffered in the altercation, but urged that he be released from confinement immediately." 230 to Receive Carleton Degrees Northfield, hun- dred thirty Carleton college seniors will receive bachelor of arts degrees at commencement exercises to be held June 6. Honorary degrees will be con- ferred on Dr. Carter Davidson, pres- ident of Union college; Dr. Donald J. Cowling of- St. Paul, president emeritus of Carleton; Miss Eliza- jeth Wallace of Minneapolis, and Dr. Albert Peel of London, Eng- land. Dr. Davidson will deliver the com- mencement address. Dr. Peel the jaccalaureate sermon. is expected to approve the treaty unanimously. But when it will reach the Senate floor is not certain. 'eace Hopes Brighter, Churchill Declares London Winston Churchill said today he has a growing hope that "we may avert forever the hprrible vision of a third world war." "There was a time in 1935 .and 1936 when I used to the I famous voices pro- phesying said the wartime prime min'ster. "But now I am thankful to say I do not hear those voices." the. information on matters, and started different hand to Lilienthal the sealed envelope. Hickenlocper said he -wanted this material to use in future question- ing of XJlienthal, Chairman McMahon (D-Conn.) Recovery Program Planned in Poland Warsaw, Poland Poland's ;rade unionists began drafting plans today to speed up production and exceed work -targets in prep- aration for a new six-year recovery program to start before the end of 1949. The trade unions, represented by delegates from 16 countries, opened then- second postwar na- ional congress with the slogan, 'fight for peace smd unmask im- Jerialism." McMahon opened it, read the list, and handed it to Lilienthal. Besides this, Hickenlooper asked that the commission deliver to him by 4 p. m., EST, today, the follow- ing: 1. All correspondence regard- ing: the custody of atomic wea- pons. 2. Reports of the commission's advisory committee. 3. Records of all overtime paid to headquarters personnel in Washington, 4. The minutes of the com- mission's general advisory board. 5. The minutes of its military liaison committee. 6. The commission's minutes. 7. Records of the Quebec con- ference pertaining to atomic (Continued on Page S, Column 6.) HICKENLOOPER Rickenbacker Plans Address at Duluth Rickenbacker, World War I ace, and now president of Eastern Airlines, will be the principal speaker Saturday when Aad temple of the Shrine initiates a class at the spring cere- monial. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Wteona and showers and thunderstorms tonight and Thursday. Continued rather warm and humid, becoming cooler Thursday night. Low tonight 64, high Thursday 32. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum, 67; noon, 78; precipitation, .15; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on. Page 14. I
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