Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 13, 1949, Winona, Minnesota CLOUDY TONIGHT, SATURDAY FM-RADIO AT ITS BEST VOLUME 49, NO. 74 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 13, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES oviets on T ruce 30 Overcome by Fumes In Holland Tunnel Blast Gov. Rennebohm Sets 25 Million Building Goal New Tax Plans, Construction Fund To Furnish Money Madison, than would be spent on new state buildings in the next two years under a program unveiled by Gov- ernor Rennebohm yesterday. The plan was handed to the joint finance committee for introduc- tion in the legislature. The money would come from in new taxes proposed by the governor .and from a postwar construction fund. Included in the total is the department of public The capacity of mental This Was The Scene in Holland tunnel at New York city today after drums of chemicals on a truck, left, exploded, filling the under- water highway with carbon disulphide fumes. Several trucks caught fire from the blast which ripped out sections of the wall and ceiling of the tunnel. The tube links Jersey City, N. J., with Manhattan. Blast occurred near the Jersey side. (A.F. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) The Alsops Shanghai Awaits Red Capture By Stewart Alsop (The following dispatch and one to jollow were written in Shanghai but cabled from Hong Kong to avoid censorship.) is no wonder that in distant Washington, the low gun- rumble announcing the onset of dis- aster sounds less loud than the click of typewriters, the high whine of axes being ground, and the noisy bustle of politics. For even here, in disaster's very shadow, the sur- face of life in this great doomed city seems normal enough. From the suffocatingly crowded streets, to the famous long bar of the Shanghai club (where the gim- lets are as good as ever) life in Shanghai appears to go on with- out change. Then one begins to no- tice certain signs that the city is besieged. There is. for example, the wooden fence which surrounds the city, which is universally believed to have netted a certain Nationalist general a handsome profit in con- tacts, and which has no military meaning whatsoever. There are the sad Nationalist soldiers wandering glumly in the streets or perchec with machine-guns on the tops o the highest buildings to shoot int crowds if there are riots. Ther are the factory workers, who hav been pnid in kind because ther is no money to pay them, tryin to sell bolts of silk or tennis shoe F. P. Matthews Named for New Navy Secretary New Thirty persons were overcome when drums of chemicals exploded on a truck in the Holland tunnel today, filling the two-mile long underwater highway with carbon disulphide fumes. The series of explosions, touched off when the big trailer caught fire, halted all traffic in the heavily traveled tunnel under the Hudson river. Vital communication lines were in the streets, so that they can buy rice. YET MORE STRIKING than such visible details is something invisi thick, heavy atmosphere of a frightened city. Fear is every where, whether cheerfully maskec at the diplomatic cocktail parties or almpst tangible in the dim, si lent streets after curfew. The fear springs from the two facts, of which every one of the people in Shanghai, from the most prosperous American bus inessman to the hungriest coolie is thoroughly aware. The first fact is simply that the communists are coming in and that nothing wil! stop them from coming in. The city waits their coming, living on like some animal from whose brain an experimental surgeon has re- moved the higher centers. The second fact, almost as cer- tain as the coming of the commu- nists, is that there will be famine, and that famine will be followed by riots and bloodshed. The only (Continued on Pace 13, Column 4.) AL3OPS Women Owners Get Bartender Licenses permi- tlng women owners of bars and daughters to be licensed as bar- tenders was approved by Governor Williams today. Previous law permits the wife or daughter of a male bar owner to be licensed. Francis P. Matthews Washington Francis Pat- rick Matthews, Omaha lawyer, was named secretary of the Navy today. The White House announced that Matthews, 62, v.idely known Cath- olic layman, has been picked to succeed John L. Sullivan. Sullivan quit recently with a blast at Secretary of Defense Johnson for halting work on the Navy's super aircraft carrier. Presidential Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said Matthew's nomination probably would go to the Senate during the day. Matthews is a Democrat and was disrupted. Other vehicles, stalled behind the truck, caught fire. Walls and ceiling of the tunnel were dam- aged badly. Manhattan borough President Hu-! go E. Rogers said at noon after returning from a trip in the tunnel that ten or 12 trucks still were smouldering there. Rogers said the damage was so heavy that the tube might have to be closed down for "the better part" of a month. The heavily traveled highway, connecting New York and New Jer- sey, is a main link in trancontinen- tal traffic. The accident occurred in the east- bound tube at a. m. at the height of the early-morning rush hour. The blast knocked out telephone service to New England and the West. The American Telephone and Telegraph Company said five of its long lines cable and one cable of the New York Telephone Company were affected. The chemical drums began ex- ploding while the 16-ton trailer near the Jer- sey City side of the tunnel. The flames spread rapidly to a dozen other trucks. Motorists blocked b the barrier of flames and acri fumes, deserted their cars in th tube and fled to safety. The stranded, vehicles hampere efforts of firemen to fight the blaz effectively. Wearing gas masks an communicating' with the outside b walkie-talkie, they attacked the fir with flame-extinguishing chemicals Harry Harris, an Associate Press photographer, who hitched ride on a fire department true to take pictures in the tunnel, sai' 000 for welfare. institutions would be increased by more than beds. Before he announced his program the governor signed a bill releas- ing an additional to the welfare department. This money will come from the postwar build- ing- fund. Rennebohm's plan includes for the University of wis consin; for state teachers colleges; for the board o. health; for the depart ment of public instruction and 000 for Stout institute. The program is a flexible one, the governor said. It recommends lump sum appropriations to state agencies with a price tag for any single building. Rennebohm said he regretted the necessity of dropping many propos- ed buildings from his list. He add- ed that he hoped a long-range build- ing program proposed by the legis- lative council could continue nec- essary work. Major institutional building pro- posed for the welfare department by the governor included: Receiving and treatment building at Msndota hospital; two buildings for the chronically disturbed at Winnebago; --two -wings at Centra] state hospitals; cottage-type build- ings at the Northern Colony to ac- commodate 180 additional pa- tients; an employes building at Northern Colony, to release 200 ad- ditional beds; a 200 bed receiving and treatment hospital at Southern Colony; new cottage facilities and employes building at Southern Colony; a gymnasium at the Wau- kesha School for Boys; a refectory for the child center at Sparta. Other proposed buildings include: A memorial library for the Uni- versity of .Wisconsin; a labora- tory of hygiene building for the board of health; dormitories for teachers colleges at River Falls, La Crosse, Platteville, Oshkosh, Whitewater, Superior and Milwau- kee; a library and administration Hear Talks by Governor At Safety Day Programs Here By Gordon Holte Visibly tired after an exhaustive series of speaking engagements here Thursday, Governor Luther W. Youngdahl left Winona late last night after addressing more than persons and a radio audience at events held in conjunction with he Southeastern Minnesota anc Western Wisconsin Safety day ob servance. During his visit here yesterday Minnesota's chief executive deliver :d four topic hat ranged from farm, home an school safety to his legislative pro gram of health betterment and th tate's financial th audiences of farm leaders, safet workers and educators. Seven area sentatives to at Somsen hall on the Winona itate Teachers college campus fo counties sent repre the day-long session a member of the President's com-1 the concrete, and walls for abou mittee on civil rights in 1946. He is 1100 yards had been blasted away a graduate of Creighton university i The debris lay in the roadway. aud a native of Albion, Neb. Ross said that the President is not yet ready to name a new secre- tary of the Army to succeed Ken- neth C. Boyall, who also resigned. Young Republicans Meet at Mankato Mankato, Re- publicans of Minnesota gathered Preston Superintendent The American Telephone and Tel egraph Company estimated long lines circuits put out of serv ice. The nation-wide Associated Pies wires to radio stations were dis rupted for about two hours. The A.P. Wirephoto wire, which carries pictures by wire to Its membe: papers, was out for 45 minutes wes of Philadelphia. State Council Elects iere today in annual convention and to start shaping vigorous plans for next year's political campaigns Heading the speaking program for the two day meeting are Sen ator Leverett Saltonstall of Massa- chusetts, Governor Sen- ator Edward J. Thye and Bern hard W. Levander, Republican state chairman. The convention gets underway at 3 p. m. today with various com- mittees going into session; Several important resolutions are scheduled to be considered along with plans for the 1950 campaign. Levander will address toe con- vention Saturday morning with Gov- ernor Youngdahl to make an early afternoon talk. Senator Saltonstall, chief conven- ion speaker, will address a dinner meeting Saturday night. His sub- ect will be "Where do we go from He will be introduced by >enator Thye. Mrs. Jo'e R. Far- ington, president of the National 'ederation of Women's Republican Clubs, is scheduled to talk briefly .t the banquet. Hastings, K Miehie, superintendent of the Hib- bing schools, has been elected presi- dent of the Minnesota Council o School Executives for the 1949-51 He succeeds Superintendent Harbo of Winona. term. L. S. Balloting was conducted by mail, Others elected were: Superintendent Justin W. Swen- son of Pipestone, vice-president; Superintendent Erling O. Johnson of Northfield, secretary, and Sup- erintendent A. A. Schwleger of Preston, treasurer. Chicago Collision Victim Succumbs of 22 persons injured in a collision of a street- car and two automobiles on the northwest side died early today. He was Edwin A. Harynek, 27, driver of one of the automobiles. Also critically injured was Scott Voss, 44, streetcar motorman who building at Whitewater Teachers; a college building- at Eau Claire Teachers; a library at Stout. Public instruction department funds will go for Improvements at schools for the deaf and blind. Many smaller buildings Improve- ments, repairs to existing struc tures and facilities were provide! for each of the Teachers college; by the program, the governor said Money for similar uses by variou state departments also is jncludei in the program. safety conferences arranged anc upervised by the Winona Auto mobile Club Safety council and th gricultural committee of the As jociation of Commerce with th o-operation of the Agricultural Extension service and the Farm Bureau. Jocular Mood In a jocular mood when he ar- rived here shortly after noon Thursday to address a joint lunch- eon meeting of the Kiwanis, Rotary Lions and Exchange clubs at thi Hotel Winona, Governor Young- dahl smilingly remarked that he hoped that "it didn't take you too long to become acclimated to this type of government (referring to his liquor and gambling contro "However, I he con- tinued, "that some in Winona even now are not completely acclimated to this type of gov- ernment." k More than 80 service club mem- bers attended the luncheon meet- ing at which L. S. Harbo, Kiwanis club president, presided and intro- duced E. S. LaFrance who, In turn introduced the governor. "There is quite a penalty for leadership these Governor "and; it be- any man in public life to become thick-skinned and accept all forms of personal abuse. Follow Conscience there is only Youngdahl observed, comes necessary for safe rule to observe. Follow one the dictates of your conscience and then 'ollow through with action, letting the chips fall as they may. Above all, don't prostitute deciding an issue on what is most expedient at moment or what may get a extra votes. Follow your conscience (Continued on Page 15, Column 4.) SAFETY PARLEY yourself by the basis of the few Accuse West Of Torpedoing' Agreement Republican-Herald photo by Merritt Keller Congratulated Personally by Governor Luther W. Youngdahl last night was William Swift, Central Junior High school student, who received a certificate of achievement in recognition of lire-years service in school patrol work here. The presentation, ceremony shown above highlighted the closing session of yesterday's Safety Day observance at Somsen hall on the Winona, State Teachers college campus. Wisconsin Children viust Attend School Until 16th Birthday Madison, chil- dren in Wisconsin from now on must attend school until they are 16 years of age under terms of a bill signed into law yester- day by Governor Oscar Renne- bohm, It will require thousands of rural children who now leave school at 14 to attend two more years. Exempt from the law are boys and girls who graduate from high school or are married before reaching 16. The measure was introduced by the commission for the im- provement of the education sys- tem. 13 on Friday the 13th Of Water Asked At La Crosse La Crosse, of La Crosse's water supply was recommended last night by the city council meeting in committee ses- sion. The matter will be voted on at the next regular council meeting. Last night's action came following a request by the city health depart- ment and a talk Monday by Dr, John Frisch, of Madison. The police steering committee, appointed to study reorganization o) the police department, recommend- ed a full vote of confidence in Chief Herman Rick, The group, made up of alder- men, members of the Industrial safety council and labor union of- recommended that the po- ice chief be given more power over jromotions. More men, equipment and space for the police department also were recommended. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday, copier. Low tonight 50, high Saturday 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 86; minimum, 54; noon, 86; precipitation, none; sun fits tonight at sun. rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 25. Armed Forces Pay Boost Bill Gets Advanced House arm- Russian Threat To Re-establish Restrictions Seen By Daniel De Luce Russians accused the Western Allies today of "tor- pedoing" the agreement'to lift the Berlin blockade, A Western spokesman promptly labeled the accusation "a lot of nonsense." The spokesman was Lawrence Wilkinson, economics adviser to the U. S. military gov- ernor. "We were told by our gov- ernments to remove all restrictions put Into effect since March he said. "We've done that and more." The Soviet protest was voiced In- formally, through the mouthpiece of the Soviet army newspaper In Germany, Taegliche Rundschau. "The Western powers are evad- ing the lifting of their restrictions under invalid it charged. "The agreement cannot be ful- filled by the Soviet side It added. Some observers saw in those words an implied threat to reim- pose the such a step would be a matter of policy for higher authorities than the Rus- sians In Germany to decide. Beds Need Goods But the Rundschau statements did lend emphasis to the Russian need for getting supplies from West- ern Germany for her nearly bank- rupt occupation zone. Wilkinson said that at a four- power meeting of economic chiefs here yesterday the Russian repre- sentative Insisted on a formal or- der reinstating the east-west trade agreement of 1948. The Allies cob- tend It Is no longer applicable, hV said. Wilkinson said another meet- ing may be held today. "We told him East Germans were welcome to buy or sell anything: they wanted with the West Ger- mans and that the Western powers ed services committee unanimously would not restrict interzonal trade, Karlyn Pfeiffer Republican-Herald photo Some people may be supersti- tious, but not Karlyn Pfeiffer, who is celebrating her 13th birthday the 13th. She trotted off to school this morning without the least ap- prehension. Her path was not plagued' by black cats, broken mirrors or ladders. Karlyn is so sure that nothing can happen that she flaunts traditions. When a step ladder was brought to her at the Cen- tral Junior High, where she goes to school, she seemed perfectly at home with it. So far Friday the 13th has been lucky for Karlyn. Ber par- ents, Mr. and Mrs. Karl Pfeiffer, 125 Wesfc Mill street, gave her a gold watch band this morning. Everyone can count his bless- ings about Friday the 13th. It is the only one this year but one comes up in January, 1950. Offi- cial statistics show that acci- dents are 17 per cent less than normal for a Friday when it is the 13th, approved today a bill to boost the pay of members of the armed forces. The vote was 28 to 0 after Chair- man Vinson (D-Ga.) read a letter from Defense Secretary Louis John- son approving the measure and stating- that the Budget bureau, speaking for the President, has no objection. The bill, estimated to cost a year, probably will go before the House for debate late ;nis month. It is expected to run into a bar- rage of opposition from members, urging1 economy on all federal ipending fronts. The bill would boost pay for the next to lowest enlisted grade by about three per cent, and zoom up to almost a 50 per cent raise or generals and admirals. The raises would average approx- mately 14 per cent, with every body but the bottom enlisted grade getting an increase. The bill would set up new pay schedules for all the uniformed ser- Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Pub- lic Health Service, Coast and Ge- odetic Survey, the reserves of al these services, the National Guard and the Air National Guard. It would be, the first general overhauling of military pay sched- ules since 1908. If the new rates go into effect October 1 this year, as the bill pro- vides, the added cost for the fis- cal year beginning July 1 would be about and for the 12 months following, It would decrease slightly after that. However, Representatives Bill- day, (D.-Texas) chairman of the subcommittee which held public hearings on the bill, said the govern- ment would save a year now paid to Army and Navy officers for sea and foreign duty. Another a year would be saved, he said, by dropping family allow- ances for enlisted men. Four Charged in Stratford Theft Fond du Lac, Attorney Jerold Murphy said today four persons had been charged and a fifth was being sought in con- nection with a theft Wednes- day night at' Stratford. Murphy said preliminary hearing had been set for May 16 on a theft charge against Mrs. Margaret O'Connor and on charges of receiv- ing and concealing stolen property against Mrs. Mary Lou Fellcath, Mrs. Catherine Cahill and Lawrence An Oshkosh woman also will be charged similarly, he said. Murphy said George HIggins, Stratford, reported the money was taken from his wallet at a tavern, as he purchased a round of drinks. Mrs, O'Connor was accused of tak- ing the money and distributing it to the other four. Wilkinson said. "All individual con- tracts made by German firms un- der the 1948 agreement could be revived if the firms so wished. But he kept quibbling that the 1848 agreement had to be officially re- Instated as of March 1 last year." However, one source of friction dispute over exports from Berr lln to the Western to have been removed. The Soviets had incurred Western wrath yesterday by refusing to al- low trucks from west Berlin to travel to' the Western occupation zones without obtaining permits from the Soviet nulltary or the Rus- sian-backed German economic com- mission. West Berlin and west Ger- many are separated by 100 miles of Russian-controlled territory, the geographical fact which made the blockade possible. Trucks Moving However, early today west Ber- lin police quoted the officer com- manding the Russian highway checkpoint outside Berlin as say- ing such trucks now need only an order from, the west Berlin gov- ernment. Meanwhile .fresh food shipments from the Western zone were pour- ing Into west Berlin without inter- ference by the Russians. Trucks and rail shipments of food and coal were moving smoothly. When the blockade and counter- blockade ended at midnight Wed- nesday, restrictions were lifted al- so on the movement of Germans in Berlin, so all food reaching the city is available to any buyer. The double Allied- backed mark and the Russian-back- ed east is a complicat- ing factor. Wilkinson said it would have to He solved by the buyers and sellers themselves. He added that the Soviet military administration has a huge fund of west four times as much as the mark backed b; Rus- probably would allot some of the money to key industries in their zone so they could purchase in the West zone materials for which they are starved. Streetcar Fare Hike In Twin Cities O.K. St. state supreme court held today that the frtate railroad and warehouse commis- sion has the power to set an emer- gency street car fare to be charg- ed by the Minneapolis and St. Paul Street Railway, company. In its decision, the court empha- sized, however, that it was not passing on "the broad question whether increases of rates of fare should be granted." The cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul challenged the authority of the commission after it issued an order July 12, 1948 setting an emergency fare of 11 cents. They lost In the district courts in Hen- nepin and Ramsey counties and ap- pealed to the supreme court.