Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 5, 1949, Winona, Minnesota THUNDERSHOWERS TONIGHT, FRIDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 67 FM-RADIO AT ITS BEST WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 5, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-FOUR PASES Senators Clash Battle of Bilge Being Won At Lake City By Staff Writer Lake City, Minn. The sign said "No beverages on the dance floor." But the excursion steamer's dance floor was wet. Old Man River had spilled Itself over the board where in a few weeks summer excursionists would be dancing, A confusing network of large and small hoses covered the floor. At one end a huge gasoline engine was chugging furiously and every turn of its wheel sent water streaming into Lake Pepin. The Battle To Save A Boat Continued Today at Lake City, Minn., where fire- men and volunteer workers have been fighting to prevent the excursion steamer Donna Mae from sinking in the harbor. Although the boat is still firmly wedged on the stump of an old wooden piling, pumps have reduced to only a few inches the amount of water in the boat's hull, and the hole has been plugged so that only a small amount is seeping in. At the upper left is the Donna Mae, after enough wa- ter had been pumped out by Wednesday afternoon to level her keel. When the pumping was begun Tuesday morning; the boat was leaning at a 45-degree angle uses Bill Debated For Fifth Day Three Proposed Amendments Beaten Down into the water. The center photo shows two of Lake City's volunteer firemen with a long-handled saw attempting to loosen the piling from below the hull At the left is Emmery Wohlers. Talking to him is Henry Hollman. Water being pump- ed from the boat can be seen spraying out of hose nozzles. In the upper right pic- ture is H. D. Dreuer, manager of the Lake City tourist -park which adjoins the harbor. He is holding a section of the piling that was sawed off from inside the hull. Another six or seven inches of piling is still lodged in the hole. Republican-Herald photos by Al Olson This was the "battle of a boat." It was a fight to save the umall excursion steamer, Don- na Mae, from settling in about six fyei of water in the local It was a 24-hour-a-day battle that hts been going on now since Tuesday morning when a wooden piling was driven through the three-decker boat's hull. 45-Degree Angle At one time tilted at a 45-degree single Into the harbor water and sinking fast, the Donna Mae is now "holding her according to Elmer (Cap) Holstrom, owner. Whereas on Tuesday nine pumps engine ones, fire truck auxiliary hand-operated pressed into service, to- day only one pump was needed to keep the amount of water in the hull at a mir.imum. When the Donna Mae started to sink Tuesday six to eight feet of water flooded her hull. Now the water measures only about three inches. Stump Jammed The piling that broke through boat's hull has been sawed off from Berlin Blockade To End May 12 By John M. Hiffh tower Russian blockade of Berlin will be lifted May 12 under a Big Four agreement announced today. The Western powers' counterblockade of the Soviet zone of Germany will be ended at the same time. The council of foreign ministers will meet in Paris May 23 "to con- sider questions relating to Germany, and problems arising out of the situation in Berlin, including also the question of currency in Berlin.' The four-power communique, cli- maxing more than two months of intense negotiation, was issued si- multaneously in Moscow, London, Paris and well as in New York where the Berlin deal was worked out'at the headquart- ers of the United Nations. The document was an extraor- dinary display of harmony after more than a year of tension and marked by fears of actual war. At the same hour the brief state- was made public, a copy Farm Fire Kills House Planning New Battle on Labor Measure Family of Seven Lowrille, N. brothers and their mother perished today when flames destroyed the family farmhouse. They were Mrs. Harold Jackson, 37, and six of her 14 children North Korean, Burmese Reds Join Chinese nists blessed alliance with north Korean! was handed to Trygve Lie, United and Burmese reds, the official Chi- lotions seer eterv len erl.1 nese Centr N general. nese Central News Agency said to- day. The communist action was an- nounced as part of "the joint strug gle against American and British the Nationalist agen- If true, the "mutual defense tnTms'ide! although about a red arc from the Sea of Japan to the Indian arc en- compassing hundreds of millions of people. There was no confirmation of the pact from other sources, however. Chinese red armies meanwhile slashed across South Central China, with these developments reported: 1. As government forces pre- pared to yield Hankow, shaky cen- eight inches of the stump are still Jammed into the bottom of the boat. By sawing off the protruding piling and plugging the space around it, the inrush of water has been almost slopped. Late last night a large wooden bulkhead was constructed around the hole on the inside of the hull. The water inside the bulkhead measured close to -three feet this morning. Cap Holstrom and the man5; vol- unteer workers are hoping to have the harbor water lifting Lie also was given a letter from the Western powers asking him to advise the U. N. security council "that agreement has been reach- ed among the four powers regard- ing the blockade." The official statement itself marks the beginning of the end of! one of the most critical situations in the postwar struggle between Russia and the Western powers. It will require the full week from now to May 12 to make the com jlicated arrangements for restor- ng normal rail, highway and barge traffic between Germany's first city and the western occupation zones. But while the desperate neces- David, ten; James, seven; Gerald ix; Douglas, five; George, two, an Allen, one. Mrs. Jackson, Douglas and youngster believed to be Allen diei in Lewis County General hospita here. The father, a 42-year-old railroai worker, was reported seriously burned. Most Potato Growers Favor Price Supports Washington potato jrowers asked yesterday for con- tinued price supports in any long- time farm program. A Spokesman for one group, however, asked the LU JTAC1U A.LallA.UW, SjilO.tl.y -i f. T-. tral China fortress-city, a red of- slty be at fensive posed a sharpening end' offl5las made Plain Th post. Repairs at Drydocl; bulkhead would keep the water out and allow Hclstrom Har-kow- and aimed at Changsha as well, Changsha, 175 miles farther inland, is on the rail line 200 miles south maneuver the vessel upstream to St. Paul where the hole could be repaired in drydock. A second alternative being con- sidered by the veteran riverman is an attempt at drilling the piling from inside the large bulkhead. a difficult one, wooden post to This operation, would cause the disintegrate, freeing splinter and the boat. Wednesday morning the jrates of the Alma dam were closed partly to raise the level of its pool, which reaches to the Lake HoweveTno noticeable -change reds left teral hundred dead 2. Formosa sources reported the return of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek from red-encircled Shang- hai to that big island haven. By coincidence, one Formosan news- paper only a day ago called many government officials flocking to that island "political and urged Fprmosan officials to extend "no hospitality." 3, THe Shanghai garrison com- mand said Nationalists repulsed two red columns in "a heavy bat- ile" 37 miles northwest of Shang- hai on the highway to Nanking. It places the clash near Taichong, and tjjgjn and wounded By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington Labor legisla tion strategists In both branches of Congress charted new battl plans today even as the smoke o the hectic House scrap still swirled Public predictions of final victor: came from both is from (1) Those who want to ge' rid of the Taft-Hartley law, and (2) Those who want to keep most of it. But there was a note of restraint the private com- ments of some legislators. This is the situation: In the House, the Wood bill to ceep much of the T-H law on the books is back in the labor commit- there yesterday by a narrow squeak vote of 212 to 209. The House sent the measure back o the committee for further study and hence reversed its acceptance! if the bill on Tuesday, 217 to 203.1 Law Still Stands Yesterday's surprise action! means there is no labor bill before he House at present, and the Taft- lartley law still stands. It also means the Truman administration, an launch another drive, starting! in the labor committee, for House pproval of its Taft-Hartley repeal got no place in this' veek's debate. However, the indi-j Air Duct Pushed For 4 in Mine Trap ly out of farm subsidies and con- trols. Claude E. Botkin, Arvin, Calif., for the National Potato council rec- ommended a four-point plan, for potatoes to a House agriculture sub- committee 1. Continuation of a flexible sys- tem allowing the secretary of agri- culture to set support prices from 60 to 90 per cent of parity. 2. That any price support be ontingent upon compliance with acreage goals and also marketing agreements, wherever feasible. 3. That, if practicable, a system j fight "the "next" time. of production payments be made! in the Senate, the opening of la- A Rescue Crew Returns to the surface at Girardville, Pa., after penetrating the smoke-filled mine to seek four coal miners who have been entombed since Tuesday night. Smoke and gas fumes have hampered the efforts of crews to enter the mine. Efforts to build an air duct to reach the trapped men also failed. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) operation to continue until the west- j available for use if necessary to en force compliance with productio ern sector of the German capital programs. has a stockpile of at least tens of supplies. That would mean about one month. Even then, the planes and men in all probability will be kept un- der, standby orders. So far the airlift has cost the (Continucd on Pajce 21, Column 12 captured." DONNA MAE Elmer (Cap) Holstrom Battling his boat 4. An American pilot, Ray Bowe of Buffalo, N. Y., flying with a Chinese airline, said he has seen no fighting Or troop concentrations around Shanghai the past few days He reported equally light militarj activity in the endangered Centra China base of Hankow. 5. Fire of unknown origin des troyed huts in the poorer sec tor of Shanghai, leaving 20.00C homeless. The garrison meanwhile sought to speed evacuation of some of the city's swollen population. 6. Some Britons and Americans debated whether to appeal to the United Nations to declare Shang hai an open city. They were weary of waiting in the muggy weather for the reds to show up. One diplo- mat who attended the talks said the plan was rejected after a full discussion "of this mess." Orthodontists Elect New Max E. Ernst, St. Paul, yesterday was elect- ed president of the American So- ciety of Orthodontists, holding its annual meeting here. (Continued ou Page 13, Column 5.) BERLIN U. of W. Considers Fund Cut Actions Madison, the joint legislative committee on fin- ance sliced budget requests, three courses are open for the University of Wisconsin, President E. B. Fred said today. In a statement, fred said: "Each one or any combination of them will retard progress of the state." The committee recommended an appropriation of for op- erations during: the next biennium. The university requested 4. That a definite formula fo determining state potato acreag allotments or goals be incorporate) Botkin said that potato farmer are keenly conscious that the pres ent potato price program has no worked out "as potato men expecte or desired." But the-result, he said, has beei due more to exceptionally favorabl climactic conditions than to failur of proper planning. 387. The courses outlined b'y Fred: 1. To raise still further fees and uition charged students in order to offset budget reductions. ______ _. ____c 2. To impair quality of teaching, stop' TiSCAQTnK artrf _ Ford Employes Begin Strike Detroit Ford Motor Com- pany was hit by the second major strike in its history today as 65.000 union members walked out at noon Final, desperate peace talks Dressed right up to the deadline 'ailed to settle a dispute over speed of production. Some shouting workers streamed out the gates of the pig Rouge plant. At the Lincoln-Mer- cury plant, another left their obs. Assembly lines, whose speed had been the subject of wrangling for esearch and public service rams. 3. To reduce number and scope of services now provided. The first course, he said, "would :onfhct with cherished American fleas and Wisconsin tradition of ducational opportunity for all." The second would be disastrous, e continued, and the third "per- aps our only feasible course, al- wugh any elimination of services viU be unfortunate." Ranum Rites Friday At Stillwater Stillwater, Minn. Funeral services for Albert Hanum, Still- water city assessor, will be held at p. m. Friday. Ranum died Tuesday after a long illness. Sur- viving are his widow, a son and a daughter. Air Travel Tax Leak in Canada Under U.S. Fire officials are .looking for a way to keep U. S laid the .groundwork yesterday from beating the 15 per ations are Democratic leaders will oncentrate instead on a compro-i mise measure which would keep ome of the T-H provisions. That compromise bill also was efeated in the first round House j battle. So there will be an uphill bor legislation debate still appears to be about a month in the future. But Republican foes of the admin- istration's Taft-Hartley repealer (cent federal travel tax by buying air line tickets in Canada. their counter-attack. plan New Bill G.O.P. Senators Taft Smith (N.J.) and Donnell (Mo.) allj So far they haven't found one; members of the Senate labor com-! although they are studying closely a new labor bill] what has become a flourishing bus- which Taft told the Senate wouldjiness in mail-order ticket buying, "retain the best features of the Taft-Hartley law." The administration's Thomas-Les mski biU would junk the T-H law and replace it with a modified ver sion of the old -Wagner act. The Taft-Smith-Dormell measure, actually in the form of five big amendments to the administration bill, would repeal the Taft-Hartley aw in name, then re-enact much of it. One of the main changes it pro- poses is in the method of dealing with "national emergency" dis- putes and strikes. The President could ask the courts to authorize a 60-day injunction, or federal eizure of struck facilities, or both. In some cases he would be re- quired to call a special sessien of 'ongress to deal with the situation. lie Taft-Hartley law provides for 50-day injunctions. cholarship Winners Named in which everyone wins but the U. S. government. The problem arose when Cana- da on March 23 abolished its own 15 per 'cent travel tax. An international agreement gives Canadian ticket offices the right to sell fares between any two places in the world served by reg- ular airlines, and there apparently is no United States law to keep citizens of this country from, tak- ing advantage of that. The result is a considerable sav- ing for, say, a New York man who Girardville, Pa. Miners working in squads of three began a desperate race today to build an air duct toward four men trapped deep in a burning anthracite mine. There has been no sign or sound from the men since the blaze was discovered shortly before Tuesday midnight. At that time they were 800 or more feet below the surface. Nevertheless their friends and fam- ilies above gnound clung to the hope :he men had sealed off a chamber 'rom the smoke and gas and were out of the reach of water rising after a breakdown of the pumping ystem. The rescue workers, wearing gas masks, were in "dangerous" carbon monoxide gas as they were lowered the surface. Repeated efforts o send into the mine men wearing masks and fireproof asbestos suits lad failed because of smoke- and heat. Volunteers worked atop the mine levator being slowly lowered into the shaft. Behind them-they built a wooden wall to wall barricade cross the hole. The operations plan was to di- ide the shaft into two sections wants to fly to Los Angeles. ByJA huge fan was being rushed to the mine to blow fresh air down one side. The other side would carry mailing his order to a ticket agent in Canada, he can get for a round trip ticket that would cost. to the surface smoke and gases him nearly additional in this [forced out by the good air. country because of the tax. The same situation doesn't apply a train tickets, because of a rail agreement under which Canadian tickets can be sold only on trips originating in Canada. The U. S. lorder residents can save even on that, by buying through-tickets I from nearby Canadian points to dis- 'tant U. S. points'. But that's no help to Americans far from Can- ada's borders. Lyn- h and Daniel McCarthy, 17-year- Id students at the International Falls High school, last night were nnounced as winners of 1949 Min- esota Ontario Paper Company cholarsnips to ver a four-year period. Lynch will tudy mechanical engineering at Klapp, vice president of the First the Duluth branch, University of National bank of Stillwater, has Minnesota and McCarthy business been elected commander of the dministration at St. Thomas. American Legion post here. W. D. Klapp Heads Stillwater Legion Stillwater, Minn. W. D. Meanwhile other workers strove to improve the mine ventilating system, installing pumps at ab- ducts scattered through the nearby hills. Compressors pumped air un- der pressure into the shaft and ventilating fans were In operation in the effort to clear away smoke and fumes. Those trapped are William Kelly, 49, and Joseph, Wowak, 34, both of Shenandoah; and Raymond Eye, 35, and William O'Brien, 53, of Girardville. They had been at work in ths shaft timbering small tun- nels when the fire started. Four hundred other miners employed in two shafts were not on duty at the time. By John Chadwick issue of re- lations between church and state was raised today in the Senate by two conflicting amendments offer- ed to the federal aid to education bill. The Senate went into its fifth day of debate on the measure confronted by a proposal of Senator McMahon (D-Conn.) to let some of the funds be used for school bus services for all children. Under his amendment, the mon- ey granted to the states would be available to children in private and parochial schools as well as public schools. As written, the bill provides that he proposed aid might be used 'or nonpubllc school education as each state saw fit. McMahon said the Supreme court has held that the states can pro- vide auxiliary services for children in nonpubllc schools despite its ruling that federal taxes cannot be used to support any religious ac- tivities or institutions. He told a reporter that "auxiliary >ervices" include bus and recrea- ional services and noted that the ienate last week passed a bill to ive a year to the states o help pay for health examinations or children in all schools. He said Congress unds for school lunch programs in the same way. But Senator Donnell (B-Mo.) con- ended the bill already goes too ar in that respect. He presented n amendment that would limit use f the aid funds to public elemen- ary and secondary schools regard- less of state policy. The Senate yesterday rejected three proposed amendments. One, by Senator Tydings (D-Md.) would have knocked out all aid for 23 states and the District ot Columbia by confining it to states which cannot afford to spend us much per pupil as the national average. The closest vote came on an amendment by Senator Baldwin (R-Conn.) to have each state take its share of the funds from federal taxes collected within the state. The Senate shouted down an amendment by Senators McCarthy Hendrickson (B-N.J.) and Langer (R-N.D.) to require states to pay school teachers at least a The main argument against it was that it might interfere with ocal school systems. West Delayed Blockade Lift Wallace Says Washington A. Wal- lace said today that a, Russian offer on March 21 to lift the Berlin blockade was deliberately withheld from the public because the State department feared it might block the North Atlantic pact. He said the State department held up news of the Russian "conces- sion" for over a month "because it explodes the myth on which the North Atlantic pact is based and destroys the basis on which it is being sold to the American people." There was no immediate reply from the department to Wallace's charge. The Russians told the department on March 21, Wallace said, that were prepared to end the blockade on the "sole condition" that the Big Four foreign ministers meet to consider the whole German problem. A Big Four agreement announced today provides for a meeting of the foreign ministers May 23, 11 days after the lifting of the Berlin block- ade and the Western counter- blockade of the Soviet zone in Germany. Wallace, former vice-president and now head of the Progressive party, was one of seven witnesses scheduled to testify before the Senate foreign relations committee to argue against the 12-nation de- fense alliance. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Consider- able cloudiness with showers and occasional thundershowers tonight? md early Friday morning. Cooler. Low tonight 65; high Friday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 92; noon, 86; precipitation, .41; sun sets to- Mine Superintendent Elmer Christ night at sun rises tomorrow said the fire may have started when at a short circuit ignited timbers. 1 Additional weather on page 21.