Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 27, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR, WARMER THURSDAY FM-RADIO AT ITS BEST VOLUME 49, NO. 60 WINONA, MINNESOTA-, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 27, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Ach eson Ask Pact O. K ockade End Discussed Chiang Sees Defeat Endangering World By Fred Hampson Kai-shek today returned to the battle against I communism, forecasting a third World war if China is lost. I His country, he said, would be the tinderbox and furnish the men i for that war if the Chinese communists win. The generalissimo pledged to share the hardships of his countrymen the brink of disaster." He said he could not disregard his res- at such a time. The first since re- tiring from the presidency Janu- ary issued from Chikow, his ancestral home. But foreign and Chinese newspapers said he was back in Shanghai, soon per- Over Conditions For Settlement U. S. Ambassador J. Leighton Stuart, above, shown at a tele- phone in his Nanking embassy, was awakened at a. m. by the abrupt entrance of armed communist soldiers into his bed- room. Rude at first, the sol- diers later explained they wish- ed to inspect the premises. The ambassador, his staff and prop- erty were not 'otherwise molest- ed. His home is a mile from the embassy. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Curtis Calder Willing to Take Army Position The Alsops Far Right, Left Emerge In Japan By Stewart Alsop route to the official residence of the prime minister of Japan is lined with endless little boxlike structures, built higgledy-i piggledy on the wasteland left by jder, utilities executive, has agreed to haps to become another civil war battleground. He spoke as director general of the Kuomintang (government) par- Chiang said the communists were seeking to "enslave the Chinese people to the cause of internation- neoDle to the cause of internation- rtussian representatives met iu piaues al communists by attempting to j New York today in a continuation! would have to identify it as such make all China the military base! of their talks on the lifting of the land serve it in a triangular form, and source of manpower for blockade, a U. S. spokes- j The bill has no effect on the laws benefit of the communist plan announced. of 18 states which prohibit sale of world domination." I The meeting was held in the I colored oleomargarine. Chiang promised full support to Soviet delegation headquarters on the government of Acting PresHupper Park avenue, dent Li Tsung-jen, and called onj The spokesman for the American his people to fight as hard against United Nations delegation said the communism as they did against meeting was a continuation of an of views on the Berlin the Japanese in eight years of war. At the same time he admitted some the American fire-bombs. The res-, idence itself is a large, modern, depressing structure. Its present occupant, Shigeru Yoshida, is a tiny, old fashioned, extremely cheerful man. His most striking characteristic is a smile which is apparently a permanent fixture of his face. The smile is very merry, and seems to suggest that Mr. Yo- shida is always on the point of sharing some enormous joke with his visitor. Politically, Mr. Yoshida has some right to be cheerful. His conserva- tive coalition commands a crushing majority in the Diet. Smiling, Mr. Yoshida explains that he is not a conservative at all. On the con- trary, he is very liberal. Resignation anyone in Japan would agree. K _ j. j Curtis E. Calder E. Cal- _er, utilities executive, has agree become secretary of the Army. Gordon Gray, now assistant sec- retary, will be promoted to under secretary and serve as acting secre- tary until Calder can take over the post. This is the job formerly held by Kenneth Royall. Calder, chairman of the board of Electric Bond Share, says he will be ready to take over the top Army post within 60 days. Secretary of Defense Louis John- son, who had been urging Calder to take the post, was reported to have today. Inquiry Demanded By Edwin B. Haakinson sen- ators today called for a detailed in- quiry into the reasons for Secretary of the Navy Sullivan's resignation. Sullivan quit yesterday with Unacceptable Terms May Block Action BULLETIN New York The United States delivered a, note to the Russians here today asking for a formal statement as to when and on what conditions they will lift their Berlin blockade. New and Russian representatives met in Oleo Tax Repeal Bill Enters Senate Washington The Senate fi- nance committee today approved the House-passed oleomargarine tax repeal bill. Its action sends the measure on to the Senate. Chairman George (D-Ga.) an- nounced the bill was okayed by a voice vote. He said he had no idea when the Senate itself might vote on it in view of the press of other legislation. Before the committee acted, it rejected 7-6 a rider amendment by Senator Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo.) to cut excise as those on telephone bills, theater tickets and to 1942 levels. Virtually all were raised during the war. The oleomargarine bill would re- peal all the 63-year-old federal taxes on the product. These are ten cents a pound on the colored kind and one-fourth cent a pound on uncolored. There are also li- cense fees for manufacturers and dealers in oleomargarine. The easure places no restriction on the sale or shipment of yellow oleomargarine, but public eating places serving the colored product Mother Feared Army Draft Example of Inflation By Fred Hampson Shanffhai Here's an example of inflation run wild again with communists ap- proaching Shanghai. I sent a boy out to buy a tin of a newspaper- man needs around here these days. The boy called the drag store first. They said the price was "gold yuan." I save hint a bale of notes. Ten minutes later the boy was Before he got to the store the price had gone up to "gold which is about 70 cents. I didn't have that much paper money handy. I finally got three tins of aspirin by parting with my last Chinese silver dollar. of the shortcomings of his own 22- year rule of the vast country. The Generalissimo said the reds by crossing the Yangtze had blund- ered into the same military errors that mired the Japanese in their conquest of China. The river crossing, he said, rep- resents the "peak of communist military development." It will LaKc Lile UUaL, Wits uv discussed the matter with President bring the reds "face to face with Truman during a White House call tanghng which will eventually result in their Gov. Youngdahl Praises Work Of Legislators St. Paul Governor Luther Youngdahl today praised the 1949 legislature for its accomplishments and cited a number of "humani- Faul Maknshak, bearded, tattered and shoeless, sits in a Brook- lyn, N. Y, police station this morning following his release from a tomb-like cubicle in a Brooklyn home in which his mother sealed him when World War n broke out. The 33-year-old former college student told police "I'd like to go back." (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) problem by Philip C. Jessup, the U. S. ambassador at large, and Jakob Malik, the Soviet deputy for- eign minister. No information on the talks was given out immediately after the! meeting, the spokesman said. Whatever information is given out is expected to come from a news conference later in the day, at Lake Success. The United States hopes to learn at this meeting whether Russia is ready to lift the blockade of Ber- lin without attaching unacceptable conditions. onoeiess, muiy, ma uiumco uj. AO Two previous meetings were held "Rarely, if ever, have so many studenti stood on wobbly legs and at the Soviet delegation headquar- steps been taken in one legislative !blmked into tne unaccustomed glare ters on upper Park avenue The series started when Jessup contacted Malik February 15 in _ _ __ that had to be reconciled in the headquarters" at Like Success. jlast days of the legislature to avoid The immediate question the U. a special session which he said tarian" gains. Man Hides Ten Years In New York 'Tomb7 By John H. Wixumt New shaggy-bearded man of 33, dug out after ten years of fantastic solitude in a bank cubbyhole, yearned today to return to the him WAT" broke out uia.li Of fantastic solitude in a Danis. cuDoyiiuie, yemucu. uvwj In a talk prepared for delivery tomb.like CUDicle in which his mother sealed him when war broke out tonight, the _governor said: Shoeless, filthy, his clothes in rags, Paul Makushak, one-time college Urges Congress Also Approve Arming Friends Explains Program Designed to Bolster World Security Washington Secretary Of tate Acheson pleaded with Con- gress today to approve both the forth Atlantic treaty arid the pro- rased arms aid pro- tram to bolster "world-wide secur- -y." Acheson appeared before the senate foreign relations committee t the opening of hearings on the act which was signed here April 4. requires approval by a two- ilrds vote of the Senate before it can be ratified. The cabinet officers termed the 2-nation security treaty and the oreign military assistance program araller ways of building world se- urity and said he believes both are ecessary. But he met head-on one of the iggest questions raised by some ongressional critics by saying that he treaty does not formally bind Congress to approve 'the projected military program. Explains Fact What the pact does do, Acheson aid, is bind the United States to the principle of "self help and mu- ;ual aid." He went on: "There is an obligation to help, ut the extent, the mariner and the iming is up to the honest Judg- ment of the parties." It is the administration's Judg- ment that the pact should be backed up with the arms program, Ache- on continued, but "the pact does not bind the Congress to reach the same conclusion, for it does not dictate the conclusion of honest udgment." The scene of the hearings Is the steps been taken in one legislative blmked mto the unaccustomed glare session to Improve facilities for de- r electric ugnts. velopment of our human resources." He then reviewed the differences S. wanted to clarify was whether Russia meant exactly what a Tass dispatch from Moscow said Russia would lift the blockade if the Western pow- ers would fix a date for a meeting of the big four foreign ministers to consider the whole German question. The State department said in Washington that this appeared to clear the way for a lifting of the blockade, but further talks were needed to make sure that were no strings attached. The U. S. wants to know exactly what Russia would mean by "lift the blockade." It also would be necessary to discuss some sort of JOSEPH DODGE, for example, is a former president of the Amer- ican Bankers association, and is hardly a radical. He is the most important of the current crop of visiting firemen here. He has had the nightmarish task of badgering the Japanese government into adopting some kind of radical eco economic policy eagerly pro-1 have been the world's largest air- posed bv the Yoshida carrier. to Mr.'Dodge would so" arrange! While Chairman Tydings (D.-Md.) things'that, in the name of a Jap-! of the Senate armed services com- anese version of free enterprise, mittee chalked up the matter as a the "industrial workers would be re- "closed G.OP. committee duced to total misery. Mr. said they thought the has firmly quashed this proposal. group should dig deeper into the Mr. Yoshida speaks with deep dispute, and sincere affection of the Zaibat- Democrats appeared willing to seemed inevitable at times. Youngdahl pointed out that the house tax committee did not bring out any tax bills to meet the need, for additional general revenue funds and. that members of the senate were "unable to go ahead in ad- vance of house action." All measures must originate in the house. When it was apparent that the additional money needed would have to be financed by levies on property, Youngdahl said, it was "obvious" that a compromise would have to be reached, "I did not think that this addi- tional burden, estimated at eight or nine mills and sufficient to bring the property levy to 14 or 15 mills. ________in he said. "I'd like to go back. I don't care about the outside world." Police took him to a hospital. The man.told a strange story of voluntary exile since Makushak spent ten years Jn a tiny walled-in cubicle built in the corner of a littered third floor bed- room in a brownstone house in the Greenpoint section of Brooklyn. His father, who runs a tailor shop in the same building, said he never knew the man was imprisoned in the house. timetable. "Tarn- he said, "that Then ,f ft so long as we carry on the strug- mi" could Youngdahl said. the coinnuiusts for. Youngdahl then related how our couawy.i __ __ three years 11 be ours." "We are a! Chiang, "by a dark, brutal our counry. the final vie- eign ministers to meet the place !aDd date could be decided and the said agenda could be formulated force i blast at Secretary of Defense seeks to rob our people son for halting construction of theJ0j their, liberty, destroy the inde- United States, which would pendence Oj OUr nation and threat- hppn t.hp world's larcest air- Af tho Ant.iro wnrld. en the peace of the entire world. "In this struggle, the life and liberty of every one of our people is tied with the life of the he continued. "Although I retired su, the interlocking family trusts f0u0w Tydings unless Sullivan him- which in prewar Japan constituted should ask a congressional air- tlOTI Clf jiao Ttrit-Vi the greatest concentration of nomic power in any country in thej world. The Zaibatsu has officially been declared dead, although some observers claim to have detected a surprising vigor in the corpse. At any rate, if the political forces represented by Mr. Yoshida have their way, the Zaibatsu or some- thing like it will certainly be re- vived. In a word, Mr. Yoshida stands for a diluted version of the old Japan. Sanzo Nozaka claims to repre- sent the new Japan. On his mis- sion here some months ago, form- er Under Secretary of War Wil- liam Draper met and talked to a number of Japanese political lead- ers. After the meeting, he remark- ed to an aide, "That man who sat opposite me was head and shoul- ders above the prime minister material. Who was He was Mr. Nozaka, the most pow- erful of the Japanese communists- Mr. Draper was intuitive. Mr. No- zaka is generally accounted Ja- pan's cleverest politician. THE HEADQUARTERS of Mr. Nozaka's Communist party is like the headquarters of any Communist party anywhere in the world. There are the usual posters displaying earnest, beautiful young people pressing forward into the new dawn, and the usual air of energy, bustle, confusion and conspiracy. Although he is not the titular chief, (Continued on Page 6, Column 2.) ALSOPS Of differences with Johnson. he continued. "Aimougn j. T i, from the post of president, I feel I rains, I TUCKS I can not lightly disregard my re- sponsibility as" a citizen 'at a time our country is faced with danger, our people on the brink of disaster. I wish to pledge at this time of crisis that I shall share the suf- ferings of my fellow countrymen." (In London, an official source said Britain will accept should be placed on the owners of was finally agreed to reduce appro- priations as allowed by the senate, authorize an additional one-cent cigarette tax, and use a year from the income tax source said Britain w accep Russia's terms for-lifting the block-ischoojund to avert a heavy sta.e ade of Berlin. The informant said Britain's willingness has been con- veyed to the United States govern- ment.) West Prepares Frankfurt, and trucks can start rolling toward Berlin almost at the moment the blockade is lifted. West German and Allied officials disclosed today that they are ready to move fast if Russia relents. mill tax on property. Loss In Hibbing Fire Bibbing, Minn. Two large buildings at the Albany iron mines, The Vague About War cubicle, about three feet wide and five feet big enough to hold Makushak when he stretched on the floor to sleep been devised, police said, be- cause his mother presumably want- ed him to escape being drafted. Makushak, however, was vague about the war. "The he replied to ques- 2 Boys Accused Of Attempting To Kill Teacher Arthur, boys who beat and shot a 57-year-old country school teacher in revenge for a spanking given them by her hus band, face a possible charge o attempted murder today. The boys Lloyd Titus, 16, and Glen Phillips, 11, are held in the Sullivan county jail. State's Attor C. Munch said nc been placed agains ney Joseph charge had them immediately, but he was hold ing them for attempted murder. Sheriff Glen W. Braden said the boys, in statements, related tba Titus shot Mrs. Nina Donahoo a tioning by BrooMyn District Attor- Titus shot Mrs Num Donahoo a ney Miles P McDonald. "I don't the White school west of here yes taow about the draft. That was Mrs Donahoo shot in th< i groin, was in a hospital suffering 1917, wasn't He said 'he' didn't "believe in from'shock and loss of blood and added "I don't know" when asked if he would have gone in the Army. The story of impris- Braden said the boys, pupils a the nearby Maple Grove schoo where Mrs. Donahoo's husband George W. is also a teacher, wen The siory 01 jviaKUMian. ,__ onment came to the attention of to the White school yesterday plan police last night after the mother, rung to steal her automobjje. On d Donahoo to go and care for her whose only contact with the world was a hole in the top of his tomb, through which he was fed. "northeast" of The neighbor, unidentified, told were destroyed by fire Tuesday about him. iternoon A third was damaged. With crowbars, police bashed Firemen estimated the loss at! down the thin plaster wall that (sealed Makushak off, and lifted The buildings, approximately 50 him back into the world. Mrs Anna Makushak Monday, Braden said Donahoo hac itered a hospital., i spanked the boys as punishmen She asked a neighborhood woman for passing a note in school. and care for her son-whose thought stealing Mrs Don ahoo's car would be a way of get ting even with their teacher fo the Braden said. The sheriff said Titus struck Mrs Donahoo on the head with the pisto and grabbed her purse as she fell When they fled she followed them out of the school building. As sh by 150 feet, housed the machine shop and the car repair shop. Much of the equipment was lost. High winds caused the fire to en clothing. A tattered gray stock- ing cap was pulled down over his thick, matted black hair. Policemen had to hold him up when he walked. Four-inch Beard His beard flared out around his face in four-inch-curls, and he wore glasses that were held together with wire. extinguished before any serious Around his legs was a pair of damage was done. 1 thick stockings, pulled up over the Fire Chief Napoleon Ayotte For trousers he wore a pair Hibbing said an investigation would I of long underwear that once had be made to determine cause of spread rapidly. A lack of water con- tributed. Hibbing firemen, finding the mines' water supply inade- quate, had to pump water from a nearby creek. U Flying sparks set numerous grass fires in the vicinity but they were He was in heavy wooi- attempted to retrieve her she was shot. A Wandering Horse, left, hangs suspended by his hind legs for several hours near Kingsport, Tenn., after falling through a railroad bridge. A steam driven crane, right, was pressed into service and man- aged to free the animal. But poor dobbin died several hours after his rescue. Siamese Twins Both Succumb Owensboro, second member of a set of Siamese twins born Tuesday to Mr. and Mrs. Mel- Glover, Jr., died at the Owens- borc-Davis county hospital here last night about eight hours after a separation operation that took the life of the other twin. It had been considered possible that the second twin might survive the operation. Knotted around -his loins was s, ripped and' tattered gray sweater. He said he never shaved for the decade he was in the cubbyhole, but occasionally clipped his whis- kers with a pair of shears he kept there. The tiny cubicle itself was litter- ed with trash, empty cans and rags. Several books on shorthand lay on a makeshift shelf. Makushak said he liked to practice shorthand to while away the time. A Bible lay at arm's reach. On the floor was a pair of 1939 New York state auto license plates. An old and battered radio was on the floor with a pair of earphones beside it. purse After the shooting the boys fle across fields and hid under a rail road bridge more than a mile from the White school. They were foun by sheriff's .deputies an hour late and surrendered after a deputy fired one shot. Mankato Lawmaker Hits New Tax Bills Mankato, Rep resentative Robert Sheran, Man kato, last night said "special in terests" bad "foisted a tax pack age" on the people of Minnesot in the last day of the legislativ session which ended Monday. He did not name the "specia which he said put "leg islators under the gun" by pur posely holding back a tax program Then, he said, the legislature wa told "better do it this way boys or have a special session." Sheran spoke before about 30( persons at a second district Demo cratic-Farmer-Labor <iinner rally Orville Freeman, party chairman and John T. Lyons, treasurer, als spoke. big, marble-columned caucus room in the Senate office building. Spec- tators pushed into .It long before Acheson took the witness chair. Before Acheson began his testi- mony, Chairman Connally (D.-Tex.) made a preliminary statement say- ng "we want the widest possible In- formation for the American people" about the treaty. Connally added: "We hope there is not too much newspaper com- ment and columnist agitation about. It. We want the truth. "We'd like to have the truth and acts If it is not too offensive to the press." Fear Rnss Aggression Both the treaty and the arms as- sistance program are aimed frank- y at building up Western strength against fears of Russian aggression. Acheson himself told the senators hat the two measures stem from Soviet foreign policies, declaring: "The sense of insecurity prevalent In Western Europe is not a figment of the had come, about through the conduct of the Soviet union." Nowhere in his pre- pared statement did Acheson men- tion the latest development in the cold apparent willing- ness to lift the Berlin blockade in favor of big four talks on the whole German problem. But even in advance of his ap- pearance, there was no sign in the Senate that the drive for ratifica- tion of the North Atlantic treaty would be slowed even if the Berlin air lift can be abandoned; Cave-in Injuries Minor as Tunnel Wall Collapses Chicago A wall collapsed today while almost 20 workmen were constructing a sewer tunnel 48 feet underground. No one was injured seriously. The workers many of them their way to the surface unassisted. The accident occurred at 74th street and Woodlawn avenue, where the men are constructing a sewer tunnel beneath the Illinois Central railroad tracks. The accident occurred during ft change of shifts. Authorities said a sudden re- lease of air pressure to the tunnel apparently caused a wall to col- lapse. The sewer tunnel is a Chicago sanitary district project, on the south side. The S. A. Healy.Con- struction Company and the Peter Kiewit and Sons Company are in charge of the project. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and tonight and Thursday.- Warmer Thursday. Low tonight 48; high Thursday 76. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73; minimum, 49 ;ncx5n, 66; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 4.