Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 23, 1949, Winona, Minnesota PARTLY CLOUDY, COOLER FM RADIO AT ITS BEST VOLUME 49, NO. 57 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 23, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Legislative Deadlock Breaking Up The Alsops Taft Shift Disturbing to SomeSolonsIruman Health Program Faces Tough Sledding Nanking Abandoned to Reds By Joseph AIsop I once in a way, there was an interesting afternoon! in the Senate the other day, when the Bricker amendment to the hous- ing bill was being debated. To be- gin with, the amendment itself, for- bidding racial segregation in fed- eral housing projects, injected a certain element of grim, ironic sit- uation comedy. For this seemingly progressive proposal was a slick gimmick, actually designed by the real estate lobby to kill public hous- ing by arousing the South against it. Thus Senators Wherry, Bricker and Capehart, every one of whom Approval for Some Sections Indicated After Long Debate By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Tru- tian's national health insurance! filibuster against civiljprogram to provide medical and rights, were ostentatiously weepingjhospitai care for miuions of had lent southern aid and comfort to the them that, with or without segre-jm Congress. gation, the bill will aid the ill-! But some critics of that plan pre- housed Negroes more than any oth-j dieted that the general idea con- wafrSetsfr in the rest of Mr. Truman's and to add to their records a spec-jfar-reachlnB health program prob- ious counter noise to their sabo-jably will be translated into law af- tage of civil rights. jter a thorough-going study. BY WAY OF CONTRAST the Besides national same northern Democrats and Re-i publicans who had sincerely fav-jPIan> the Program the President ored civil rights now sincerely fav-jsent to Congress yesterday calls ored public housing. They were thus in the uncomfortable position of having to fight the Bricker amendment. Paul Douglas, the new Illinois Senator, found the best way out of the dilemma by stating the facts of the case plainly and flatly. And so this great deliberative body whiled away the day, never once coming to grips with the 'deep so-i cial tensions, the long, tumultuous for: (1) Special financial aid to help medical schools expand; (2) In- creased aid for construction of hos- pitals and other medical facilities: and (3) More money for the public health preventive and disease con- trol services. Mr. Truman has called, for a sys- Governor Luther Yoiingdahl, seated, signed the Minnesota bonus bill into law today at St. Paul in the presence of, left to right, Representative E. J. Windmiller, Fergus Falls, chairman of the house military affairs committee; Edward J. Cleary, St. Paul, legislative chairman of the American Legion, and Senator Frank Dougherty of Fairmont, chairman of the senate soldier welfare Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) social and economic conflicts, tem Oj prepaid insurance many which so obviously lurked in the background. Yet the interest was provided far more by the interplay person-! ality than by the inherent irony ol the situation. In this regard, Doug- las again carried off the prize. Among the new progressive Sen- ators swept into office by the last election he has, thus far, made the times before, and the general re- action for and against the plan followed pretty much the same pat- tern this time. Critics said it would lead to so- cialized and nationalized medicine. Friends of the plan contended It is the only way to provide ade- strongcst impression. He is ajquate medical and hospital care thought too busy, a thought too ln-jfor clined to spread himself thin, eveni administration is expected a thought too professorial in his to send a bill covering the whole exposition. But he is also informed, I program to the capitol- Monday. straightforward, enlightened andjpersons familiar with it said the good tempered. He made his simple point simply and well. Wherry, Bricker and Capehart chose him as their chief victim. program would work this way: Wage earners and salary work- ers generally would be taxed about one and one-half per cent of their NHE MUST HAVE needed his up to a year. Em- temper to withstand the baiting ofjpjoyes W0uld have to match that these leaders of senatorial reac-! amount tlon. Capehart and Wherry had cast! Hence, a worker making (Continued on Page 10, Column year would have a year de- ALSOPS ducted from his pay. His employer would be taxed an equal amount. A worker who made only a year would be taxed only half as a year.The employ- er's contribution would be halved, too. Girl Trapped Between Walls Is Drilled Out Providence, R. I. Three Youngdahl Signs Soldiers Bonus By Jack Mackiy St. sol- Enraged Britons Stone Red Leader Dartmouth, enraged, stone-throwing crowd be- sieged Britain's top communist, Harry Pollitt, in a building for hours here diers bonus bill was signed by Gov- ernor Youngdahl today. Veterans of World War H will receive about 000 will be used for administration costs and about will rep- resent interest on the bonds to fi- nance payments. Approximately veterans are eligible to receive bonuses of monthly for domestic service with a maximum of and per month for foreign service with a limit. About have served out- side the continental limits of the Neenah, motorcycle early today. He finally escaped unharmed after the incident, which followed the breaking up of a political meeting where Pollitt had discussed the shell- ing of four British ships by Chinese communists. Pollitt waited till the crowd gave up and left. He then drove away before daybreak through deserted streets. A shower of stones and other Mishap Kills 91-Year-Old Motorcyclist 4 Nationalist Armies Flee Before Reds Government Troops Reported Demoralized By Seymour Topping Nanking China's govern- ment and garrison today abandon- ed Nanking to looting mobs and to communist troops who have landed at its undefended gates. The thin government line along the Yangtze broke before the red tide. Pour Nationalist armies, es- timated at men, were in disorderly retreat southward from this stricken capital. Preparations already were under way for the peaceful turnover of: she abandoned capital to the com- munists. General Ma Chin-yuan, chairman of Nanking's emergency peace preservation committee, said he had made contact with the reds. The 60-year-old former National- ist divisional commander said he did not know just how soon the communists would enter the city. Several members of the peace preservation committee were ex- pected to cross the Yangtze this afternoon to arrange details with the reds. (After reporting that no reds had entered by about 'noon, Nanking time, Topping's telephone line to Shanghai went out. It was possible the line was cut.) Shortly there- after an unconfirmed report swept Shanghai that the reds had enter- ed Nanking. Stand Doubted Whether government troops still could make a stand was a ques- tion. Demoralization had set In among many units. Many quit fighting and sat down to await their conquerors. Others joined looters in Nanking. Many went into civilian clothes. Premier Ho Ying.chin took over Z iT tn the defense ministry and presum- rmssiles had broken up an outdoor t ffi naven gathering last night where f ohanshai general secretary of the British troops in overwhelm- Communist party, attempted to dis-1 Wltn rea lroops m the right of British warships to be in the Yangtze river when Chinese reds shelled them. A father whose son was killed on one of the warships figured prominently in to fi. torce across me xangtze De- tween Nanking and Shanghai, the latter city was in an untenable po- sition. (Shanghai said few troops could This raised specula- s- and wil1 be entitled to accident brought death yesterday stone throwers broke up the h, according to Representative (to Joe Leppla, who, at 91, claimed meeting, burned the communist J. Windmiller, Fergus Fallsjto be the oldest motorcycle rider family would be taxed, the of the House veterans af-lin the world. income While only of a IE. ance protection would apply. ,committee. every member of the family. I speaking platform, and followed [when the police removed Pollitt to Leppla, who took up cycling refuge in the home of Ernest drafted the program estimated the cost of the Insurance feature at Rus'sel toppTedjbetween and Sodal security officials who! Payments are to be made based jter he retired from farming at the! A. Holtman, local communist sec- on service beginning December 7, lage of 60, crashed into a ditch lastiretary. 1941 and ending September 2, 1945, j Tuesday, fracturing ten ribs a period of 45 months. Anyone with! suffering other injuries. while Pollitt remained in hiding in Holtman's house for nearly five and 14 feet from a rooftop into an a year. incr between two The tax was drilled out by firemen. Sheilike the present social security pro-jfor up to pital where he was reported broke up and drifted away. suffered only scratches of the arms gram, which levies two per centj Bonuses, for example, would belnicely" until Thursday, when he this basis: (began sinking. and legs. The child tripped over a foot-high The tax system would davs overseas service is eligible He was taken to the Clark hos- a half hours. Finally, however, tbe Pollitt appeared unhurt as he left the building, although a squashy retaining wall while playing with employers. come, split between workers and her ten-year-old sister, Frances, on the roof of their home yesterday. Mr. Truman has proposed boost- A veteran with 30 months state- side service and five months over- Leppla, who lived with a daugh- ter at Appleton in recent years, ing the social security tax to aiseas Would get S375. He would re-'wore out five motorcycles in cov- She was wedged 14-feet" from the j total of three _per cent and has credlt for the full 30 months oisaoii yi _ and for some miles since he I bunch of grapes had struck him in the face at the meeting place. He drove away in the direction of Totnes, near here, where he has a date to speak tonight. e stored when Pollitt Her mother who saw the child] Social Security Commissioner Ar- plunge summoned firemen. thur J. Altmeyer said all these pro- drilled a hole in the foot-thick if adopted, might eventual- of the adjoining building while herlly cost up to a year, her from a payroll tax of 12 to 15 per mother talked rooftop. to cent. Lambert Kowalewski Named To Vacancy on Park Board five months. The plan will be financed by high-jnai mishap. sport. It -was his his speech at a river front I cycle that was involved in the fi-j meeting and asked "if anyone had Lambert Kowalewski was elected a member of the board of park com- missioners by the park board Fri- day evening. Mr. Kowalewski, a World War n veteran, was named to the board to fill the unexpired term of J, E. Krier, who resigned the post ofj commissioner on taking office as I alderman-at-large. The five-year term expires in April, 1951. The new commissioner is manager I of the Standard Fish market, af- filiated with the Hot Fish shop. He is married, has three children and lives on South Mankato avenue. Appointments to the board are by I the mayor, except in cases of vacan-1 cies. er income taxes, levied against in- dividuals, banks and corporations; an extra one per cent occupation and royalty tax on iron ore; a five per cent surcharge on state income taxes and ten per cent increase in the taxes on liquor, beer and wine. The new taxes will produce be- tween and a. year, tax department officials said. JThe special levies to finance tbe bonus payments will cease in ten years. Any deficit, however, must He celebrated his 91st birthday be financed from the general rev- enue fund. been completed. Windmiller believes the first .checks will be mailed about No- Ivember 1, 1949 and the peak will i come three or four months later. Relatives of veterans who died in service will get the maxi- mum regardless of length of their kin's service. A wife is listed as I questions. Things started to fly at him when he said he would like to "ask the same question as many last February 16. cracking hickory jof you are was the nuts he gathered on fall cycling I British sloop Amethyst doing in the trips. He said, then, he was con-jYangtze when she was shelled sidering going after a world champ-! A man stepped fomard' hande-d ionship as a nut cracker. A severe cold kept Leppla in- doors most of the winter, although usually he was out, icy roads and aU. He was on one of his first trips of the year when he struck the ditch. Funeral arrangements have not a rope and a note which the "No. 1" beneficiary, children I Pollitt Iread: "Judas Iscariot was presented with one of these, and used it. I invite you to do likewise." The man identified himself 'as C. P. Akhurst, father of Petty Officer John C. Ak- hurst, who was killed aboard the destroyer Consort by Chinese gun- fire. mander in the Nanking-Shanghai area, already had sent his main Shanghai defense forces south.) Canton seemed likely to become the refugee capital. (China's for- eign ministry in Canton asked for- eign embassies to move to that south coast metropolis from Nan- king.) Acting President LI Tsung-jen al- so was reported gone from Nan- king, scene of his futile maneu- verings for peace. His destination was not known. (Members of his family in Hong Kong said LI had arrived in Canton.) Leaders Meet Li and "retired" President Chiang Kai-shek met yesterday at Hangchow, 150 miles southeast of Nanking. They issued a declara- tion that they would fight "to the end." But where? And with what? The situation was deteriorating rapidly. Thousands of communist troops were across the river on both sides of Nanking. Still intact but under frontal at- tack was the army of General Pai Chung-hsi defending Hankow. This central China base is 375 miles southwest of Nanking on the Yangtze. (Associated Press Correspondent James Flood said he learned on a trip to Hankow earlier thig week that plans were laid to abandon Hankow. Some heavy equipment al- ready had been moved to Heng- yang, 275 miles south.) Key to Financial Muddle Suggested By Jack Mackiy St. Paul Top leaders in the legislature, supporters of income tax school fund and Governor Youngdahl today agreed oa a basis for solution of the financial muddle that has blocked adjournment. Houe for adjournment lafe tonight or Sunday came after agree- ment, climaxing a series of conferences between the governor and law- makers to "knock down" a threatened nine or ten mill rise in the tax rate on real estate and personal property. ___________.-------------------------- Here is approximately what the lawmakers will try to do to hold the mill rate on real and personal pro- perty down to only about a two mill increase over the present six and a half mill rate: Levy a one cent additional tax on each package of cigar- ettes. Use between and of income tax receipts for the University of Minnesota, and teachers colleges. Cut about from tbe appropriations for state depart- ments. However, some legislators are still of the belief that diversion of in- come tax receipts can be avoided. The cigarette tax, on the basis of an additional one cent, will yield about for the two year period. If the three proposals are agreed to, there would be sufficient revenue available to overcome an anticipated deficit of about to bal- laace the budget. Majority Leader Boy E. Dunn of Pelican Rapids, Senator Henry Sul- livan of St. Cloud, Republican Installment Buying Curbs To Be Eased By Charles Molony Washington Beginning next Wednesday, installment buyers will find credit terms as easy as be- fore the sel- lers decide to be stricter than the government requires. Federal Reserve board, tak- ing an admittedly inflationary-type action in the wake of recent busi- ness declines, announced yesterday it is relaxing credit controls for the second time in less than two months. The board decided to: 1. Lengthen the present 21-month time limit for paying off install- ment purchases of cars, television! sets, furniture, etc., to 24 months, I effective April 27. (Before March 7, the board's con- trol limit was 18 months. Before the war, board studies show, "typ- ical" terms allowed by dealers without controls were 12 months for radios, phonographs and used cars, 18 months for everything 2. Cut for cash down payment to ten per cent from the present 15 per cent for everything but autos which it remains 33% per cent (Before March 7, the downpay- -ment on most goods was 20 per cent. In uncontrolled prewar days, the "typical" allowance by dealers was the same as that to be al- lowed undeivthe newly relaxed terms, both for. autos and other 3. Exempt from ments all articles costing "under At present, the exemption Is for goods costing under The board's move to make con- trol terms as easy as, or easier than, the uncontrolled terms of pre- war days was expected to melt some of the congressional opposi- tion to extending control powers be- yond June 30, when they are sched- uled to expire. Chairman Maybank (D-S.C.) of the Senate banking committee de- scribed the action as "a good idea." Maybank's committee will have to pass upon the proposal to extend control powers, as urged by Presl-jjand a new one-cent bottle levy on were among the leaders who con- ferred with the governor until 2 a. m. today to find a solution. Senator A. L. Almen of Balaton, and Representative E. B. Herseth of Kittson county, chairman of the senate and house education com- mittees, were responsible for ths first "break" in the deadlock that has tied up adjournment beyond the constitutional deadline Thurs- day midnight when they made a conditional offer to use the _ tex funds. They said they would agree to diversion of up to during the next two years from the to- come tax school fund on condition: That proposals to adopt tha-com- munity property principle for com- puting state income tax be dropped. If adopted, this would cut income tax receipts by up to a year. That the house pass the senate- approved salary Increase bill for state employes. Senator Wahlstrand estimated this would cost a year. That some tax be enacted to pro- vide a reasonable part of the addi- tional money needed. That diversion now not be re- garded as a precedent for future diversions. Among revenue suggestions being considered were raising the iron mining tax rate from 11 to 15 per cent, increasing the cigarette tax, dent Truman and the Reserve board. Representative Patman (D-Tex- one of the sharpest critics.of beer. Apparently finding favor with some leaders was this plan: A one-cent cigarette tax, yielding the board's control terms (he said per biennium, and use of they were too strict and were slow- ing sales, particularly of autos) had said he would not object to exten- sion if the tune limit were made 24 months. The only goods still subject to credit controls are autos, cook- stoves, dishwashers, ironers, refrig- erators, washing machines, air con- ditioners, radios, television sets, phonographs, sewing machines, vacuum cleaners, furniture and rugs. a year of income tax "without any conditions attached." Even after this problem has been solved, the two houses will have to adjust their differences over the building program, five major ap- propriation bills and the school aid bill. Adjournment may come late today. While leaders in both houses conferred with the governor on finances, three more major bills were sent to the chief executive for his Johnson Stops Carrier Building sigriature. The bills: Set 1 a. m. as the "across the board" closing hour for all beer and on-sale liquor places. The governor recommended such legislation. Proposed a new gas tax amend- ,ment to be submitted to voters at Washington Secretary of i 1950 general election. This wpuld Defense Johnson today ordered the state half the money, the Navy to stop construction of its I counties 44 per cent, and cities of giant aircraft carrier United States The keel of the flattop was laid at the Virginia yards of the Newport News Shipbuilding Cor- poration last Monday. Johnson said In a memorandum to Navy Secretary Sullivan that he acted to stop construction of the vessel after studying the views of the joint chiefs of staff and con- ferring with President Truman. Neither the President nor Johnson the first class six per cent. Increasing license fees on' autos, trucks and buses to bring In an estimated more per year. The last two bills complete a five-point highway program. The other three raise the gas tax from four to five cents per gallon, add 721 miles to the state trunk high- way-system, and authorize extension of state aid roads through munici- palities. The senate sent to the house for had given any previous word as m amendments a bill whether the controversial should be built. Ronnenberg Verdict Returnee! carrier to iegajj2e use Of 50-foot trucks on public highways. The present limit is 45 feet. The senate turned down a motion to reconsider the measure. Senator Wendell Ledin of Bethel, who served the reconsideration no- tice, called the bill "the most heavily lobbied in my experience." Preston, ver- dict of in favor of Arthur Lambert Kowalewski are listed as No. 2, and mothers Ronnenberg, 38-year-old Wlcona of the veterans are next.Inline, [county farmer'injured in an auto- If a wife has remarried, the bonus will go to the children, or if there are none, the veteran's mother re- ceives the money. Veterans must have resided in the state six months before enter- ing service to be eligible. Those who entered service five years before Pearl Harbor will not get bonuses because they are re- garded as professional soldiers. mobile-train crash near here last July 7, was returned by a jury in Fillmore county district court at a. m. today after'five and a half hours of deliberation. Defendants in the action brought by the Hart creamery employe were Victor Feine and Herman Luedtke, Bushford business partners. They were covered by insurance. Bonnenberg suffered a fractured jaw fractured arm, broken hip and! or two before the crash they were double fractures of both legs when in good operating condition. The the truck driven by Feine .hit the last few cars of a Milwaukee rail- road freight train at a crossing be- tween Preston and Isinours. Ron- nenberg was not extricated from the wreckage for 45 minutes. John R. Foley of Wabasha, at- torney for Ronnenberg, attempted to establish, that the truck was be- ing driven with inadequate brakes while the defense, represented by Philip B. Gartner of Preston, at- tempted to show that when the truck Drakes were checked a day jury, however, found that the de- fendants were negligent. Dr. M. B. Coventry, Mayo clinic surgeon, testified that Ronnenberg will be 80 per cent disabled in both legs and hips for the remainder of his life as the result of his injuries. Final witnesses Friday afternoon were Manford Thorsland. Rochester garage mechanic who checked the truck a short time after the acci- dent, and Mrs. Ronnenberg who told of her husband's condition, j ,had no braking power at all and the other had very little. Testimony was completed at p. m. after which pleas to the jury were made by Mr. Foley and Mr. Gartner. The jurors were then in- structed by Judge Martin Nelson of Austin, and retired to 'the jury room at p. m. The verdict, one of the largest ever returned in a Fillmore county court, was read at a. m. today. Hugh M. Jones of York township was foreman. Court was adjourned until a. m. May 2. Two jury cases remain Thorsland said one of tbe wheels on the term calendar. WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: .Maximum, 70; minimum. 46; noon, 59; precipitation, .03; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Sunday. Some- what cooler. Low tonight 44; high Sunday 62. Additional weather on Page 17.