Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 1, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT, .CONTINUED COLD VOLUME 49, NO. 38 SUPPORT YOURY.M.C.A. WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 1, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES umna Leaves to T. C A-Bomb Saved Europe From Russ Attack, Churchill Says ChurchiU said last night that Europe would have been "communized" and London bombarded but for the atom bomb in the hands of the United States. The British war leader said that the bomb served as a deterrent. He added that "war is not inevita- ble." 'If we persevere steadfastly to- gether, and allow no appeasement j of tyranny and wrong-doing in any he declared, "it may not be our nerve or the structure of our civilization which -will thing else will break, and peace may yet be preserved." Churchill spoke before nearly 000 persons at a mid-century convo- cation of Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston garden. The speech was carried by radio and television to one of the larg- est audiences ever to hear a speaker. Churchill rolled out in sonorous tones a blunt accusation that "13 Heart River Edging Up After Drop By The Associated Press river inching steadily upward to- wards flood stage, the rampaging Heart river, still jammed tightly at Mandan, feU about eight Inches last night but today was slowly on its way up again. Observers in flood-plagued Man-! dan said sandbags and two blasted in the south Atlantic Pact Due for Formal Signing Monday Soviets View Treaty as Directed Against Them By John M. Hightower Washington Diplomatic au- men in the Kremlin aiming at the> tuorities predicted today that the rule of the world" had states and other Atlantic vation" as the root of their "sinister powers will reject outright Russia's and malignant policy. Have Largest Army protest treaty. against their security are in every to the Dogtown bridge last a fifth column, await- combined to halt the Heart the day when they hope to be going over a levee In the vicinity [the absolute masters of their fellow-' of the Mandan rodeo grounds, be-! countrymen and pay off old scores." jtween the Syndicate and Dogtown! "The largest army in the ChurchiU said, is in the hands of residential areas. g0vemment pursuing imperialist expansion, as no czar or kajser had Republican-Herald photo APRIL It was all in fun that Miss Doris Westby, fourth and fifth grade teacher at Central elementary school, posed for Staff Photographer Merritt Kelley. The gag was this. The mirthful pupils at left had just presented Miss Westby with a rubber mouse. In truly demure fashion, the teacher hopped on the closest chair and shrieked for her delighted pupils. Miss Westby, who proved a good sport, helped Kelley stage the picture after school Thursday. The holes were blasted In the south approach to the bridge in an effort to release penned-up waters. Considerable water did escape into 'he flats around Mandan, observers said, but the ice Jam extending from the bridge stream held solidly. Efforts were to be made today to again shake loose the trouble- some Ice gorge. The delicate de- molition job last night ripped the Tozen earth almost at the bridge abutment without bridge itself. Treaty May Cause Russ to Terminate Pacts With West disturbing the Dogtown has been under water since Tuesday afternoon. The area flood-fighters are now trying tect it farther upstream. Observers reported the river went up about an inch early today. ever done." ChurchiU said that the Western world was "now confronted with something quite as wicked, but in some ways more formidable than Hitler." The 74-year-old former prime minister of Britain said that the question, "Is time on our was "not a question that can be answer- ed within strict limits." 'We have certainly not an un- schedule. these 13 only question that occurred to them was: ShaU the turn-down be by an official diplomatic note or by public statement? Russia's protest was delivered late yesterday, having been sent around to the State department by the Russian embassy. Translators were set to work to have it ready for Secretary of State Acheson. The text as released in London by the Russian news agency com- plained that the Atlantic defense pact, due to be signed here Mon- day by 12 nations, is aggressive in character and is directed against the Soviet union. Russia had pre- viously taken this stand in a less formal way. There was no immediate official comment here, but there appeared no slightest chance that the pro- test would affect the treaty signing limited period of time before a settlement should be he added. Discuss Western Germany Secretary Acheson scheduled i high pressure round of conferences .utmost vigilance should be with Western European foreign "practiced, but I do not think my- self that violent or precipitate ac- tion should be taken now." Republican-Herald phots Dr. Nels Refers to Ola Yearbooks JOT Information on College Benefactor Elsewhere in Western North Da-! Churchill repeatedly asserted that By Eddy Gilmore Soviet Union is virtuaUy certain to consider her treaties with Britain and Prance dead upon the signing of -the North Atlantic security alliance, informed sources said today. The Russians denounced the pact today, caffing it an offensive in- strument aimed at striking fear into nations which refused to accept world domination by the British and Americans. The Soviet memoran- kota the spring run-off of record winter snow was approaching a crisis. Loss In St. Paul Fruit Express Co. Fire 'we have no hostility to the Rus- sian adding: "We seek nothing from Russia but good will and fair play." Hails Marshall Flan He hailed the Marshall plan, the "new unity in Western Europe, and the Atlantic pact as demonstrat- ing a "tremendous change in our outlook and policy toward the fu- ture of the world." "Three years Churchill ministers They included a talk on Germany with Robert Schu- 'man of Prance. Diplomatic authorities added1 that there was no doubt that issues in- volved in unifying and governing Western Germany would play a large part in their discussions. The vast range of problems was dramaticaUy demonstrated yester-. day. Acheson discussed then the- German and other European ques- tions in a two-hour talk with Brit- ish Foreign Secretary Bevin, then went immediately into a conference with Dirk U. Stikker, The Nether- said. "I spoke at Fulton, Missouri, The AIsops under the auspices of President! Truman. "Many people here and in my own country were startled and even shocked by what I said. St. Paul An official today "But events have vindicated and tnUth? seven oridnaT'sponTors set loss in the fire which swept fulfilled in much detail the warn- nfh Atlantic nacS the the plant of the Western Fruit Ex- ings which I deemed it my duty to uldermfnes the "very foundations- here last night at j give at that time." FigHt Rages Over Stalin 1946, (The British foreign office 000 with an added jected any suggestion by Russia n refrlgerator cars which the Atlantic treaty violates eitherjwere destroyed. The company, lo- the U.. N. charter or the British- cated at 922 Snelling avenue north Russian friendship treaty.) near" the Minnesota state fairj Directed Against Soviet I grounds, manufactures and repairs When the Soviet foreign rail cars, originally denounced the Atlantic alliance early this year, diplomats took the view that the 20-year trea- ties signed by France and Britain buccessor By Joseph and Stewart Alsop There are only twoj The'Russians now have raised this with Russia in jeopardy. during the war were chinks thi beams of light e dark, mysterious Work had ceased for the day and only a skeleton crew was in the ing when the flames were discover- ed. The fire spread quickly to an adjoining structure housing the firm's offices but volunteers saved (Continued on Page 3, Column 2.) ATLANTIC FACT Justice Department Plans to Continue Wire-Tapping Gener- al Clark today made it known that the Justice department is not going to abandon the use of wire-tap- ping in cases involving national se- curity or a matter of life and death. He'acknowledged, however, that he will not press for one contro- job this morning alter mreatemng provision m the administra- te strike when their contract ex- u bm t tighten anti-espionage plred at midnight. (Continued on Page 10, Column 5.) A BOMB Manitowoc Ship Strike Threatened Manitowoc, thous- J and job this morning after threatening A bargaining committee recesses of the directed against the i other. Several adjoining lumber piles and a nearby paint warehouse were saved. Two Great Northern rail- Kremlin One rucli chink occasional- ly opened when a Western directed storage laws. That provision would per- use in courts of informatior _ l 'obtained from wire-tapping by the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company ]F_ B L and intelligence. Miss Etta Hudson Howell She Remembered Her Alma Mater met with management representa-i two positions were disclosed lives and U. S. Conciliator C. P. I an to a flurry creat- communist un, she would deem it as a violation receive his comrades on (Continued on Pag-e 8, Column, 7.) the lineup atj headquarters. And one of the leading Italian commu- nists. Reale, has r just done precise- ly this, with re- markably inter- esting results. Reale is known, in fact, to have come back from a fairly protracted Moscow visit in a mood of deep de- pression. His report to the other Italian communist chieftains was that the world had been wrong in assuming Mololov was sure to suc- ceed Stalin. He indicated that the succession to Stalin was actuaUy in doubt. If Reale is a competent reporter, a bitter struggle for Stalin's power! Is thus almost inevitable after the! dictator's death. The Italian com-j munists' distress was caused, of) course, by the recollection of thej similar struggle between Stalin and Trotsky, after the death of Lenin. This reflected itself in the non-j Russian communist parties all overj the world, and left them crippled and bleeding internaUy. No wise communist anywhere can look for- ward happily to another such ex- perience. AT THE SAME TIME, the story (Continued on Page 13, Column 6.) ALSOPS TREATY Edward Novak, St. Paul the results of the The unions had served notice of 20 years. six paid holidays a year. Flames Eat Away at repair shop of the Western Fruit Express Company at St. Paul, destroyed by fire yesterday at a loss of In addition to the building, the flames destroyed 17 refrigerator cars. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Senate judiciary committee. It was signed by representatives of the Americans for Democratic Action and the American Civil Liberties Union. The two organizations voiced strong approval of McCarran's ac- tion in removing the wire-tapping section from the administration bill. They also went on to say that F. B. I. Director J. Edgar Hoover had acknowledged publicly that the F. B. I. does tap telephones in certain cases. The letter added that Hoover's statement "is an admis- sion that he is violating the law." McCarran said this wasn't so that there is no law banning wire- tapping on the books now. Clark, in a separate interview, told a reporter that the depart- ment will continue, as it has done for many years, to.tap wires when tional security, or life and death such as in a kidnaping case, is involved. The long dispute over the legal- ity of wire-tapping goes back to the 1934 communications act which has a section banning the "inter- ception and divulgence" of tele- phone communications. Some believe this act bans wire- tapping. Others believe that it bans only the divulgence of information obtained from tapped wires, does not make wire-tapping, as such, illegal. In airy event, information ob- tained from is not ad- missible courts. Tomah Youth Given 5 to 7-Year Term Sparta, WV-James Jackson, 21, was sentenced to a term of five to seven years in Waupun last night. He had been found guilty of flrst degree manslaughter in the death of his father. The father Earl a Tomah salesman, was found shot to death in kitchen of the Jackson home in Tomah last January. Another Lionel, testified he entered kitchen and found the said he .recalled being In the slumped in a and that he knew his fa- James was standing about was in the fame room at feet away, Lionel testified, time he heard the gun dis- a gun and A circuit court jury returned denied, however, that he in- guilty verdict Saturday night. to kill the elder Jackson. had been given a choice of sixi jacts0n's mother cried verdicts, ranging from innocent to When sentence was guilty of first degree James rushed over to comfort Last night Circuit Judge Beilfuss said he believed the jury had returned the correct verdict. He denied defense pleas for a witnesses had testified to brutalities the family allegedly suffered at the hands of the fa- trial and for Judge Beilfuss said he like to see only Jackson's side to grant him probation but added, "A life is something none of Crew Unhurt has the right to and as a judge he had a duty to the Derailment of Wisconsin, he Asked whether he had Lea, The loco- statement, Jackson replied, and nine cars of a Minn- sir. I think I had a fair trial St. Louis Railway freigh' I have learned my were derailed yesterday at Jackson maintained during theiKensett, Iowa, 20 miles south trial that he did not recaU Lea. None of the cars over U. of W. Shares Estate Left By Etta Howel! Scholarship Fund To Be Set Up for Grade Teachers By AdoJph Bremer An outstanding graduate of the Winona State Teachers college, who stayed at the college as an instruc- tor lor ten years, has given her alma mater half of a estate. It is the largest bequest ever re- ceived by the local college, and it is the gift of Miss Etta Hudson Howell, 57, who died Saturday in Long Beach, Calif. The bequest was revealed when, the elementary school principal's will was filed in probate court yes- terday in Long Beach. The other half of the estate is given to the University of Wisconsin, where it is to be used for cancer research. Miss Howell received a bachelor of philosophy degree at Wisconsin. Miss Howell's estate Is to be placed in trust to be administered by the Security First National bank of Los Angeles, Calif. One- half of the profits derived from iie trust are to be used by the joard of trustees for the purpose of establishing scholarships for elementary teachers training. Miss Howell is well remembered here, and her contemporaries who reside in Winona all speak most lighly of her. W. A. Owens, psychology Instruc- tor at the Winona State Teachers college, remembers Miss Howell as 'a tall, wiry girl, a superior teacher. We hated to see her go." Miss Howell, the daughter of the late Bees HoweU, of Wi- nona, was a supervisor in the Phelps school from 1912 to 1922, when she went to Long Beach. She was principal in elemen- tary schools there. K. J. instructor in geography "at T. 'C., recalls Miss HoweU "as an alert, nice, friendly woman." Miss Howell was an outstanding student. She entered T. known as the Winona State Normal 1906, when she was 14, and took the five-year course. That was a course consisting of high school and college courses integrated with teacher training. Her reports, well-preserved by the colleges, show that she was an "A" student. The late president of the college, G. E. Maxwell, endorsed her diploma with this comment: "Ex- cellent in all and the first superintendent under whom she E. Young, of Wells- wrote: "Miss HoweU is one of the two finest young teachers that I've secured in'late years." She stayed at Wells just one year, then returned to the Normal school, to become a supervisor in the lab- oratory school. This teacher, who has wiUcd an estate of took a, a month cut to return to Winona: From a month at Wells to a month. At that time she and her sister, Minnie, were living with their par- ents at 423 West Wabasha street. Ten years later the two sisters took a -vacation trip to California and secured positions. Their parents folio-wed them a little while later and stayed, too. Mr. HoweU, an immigrant from Wales, fanned for a time in the vicinity of Stockton, but even in 1906, when his daughter entered T. C., she listed him as a "retired "armer." However, he had accumu- ated considerable property and was considered a "broker" in farms. Both Mr. and Mrs. Howell died n California, 15 to 20 years ago, both having lived nearly 90 years. Miss Howell's sister, Minnie, died about ten years ago in California, reportedly of cancer. The T. C. benefactor was in Winona only last July, en route to Europe for a summer visit. She stayed with an old friend, Miss Mary Vance, 477 Winona street, who presently is visiting friends in Rochester. Miss Howell's aunt. Miss Minnie Hudson, died in November In Ro- chester. The three surviving cousins include Hiram more avenue. Howell, Others 1545 Gil- are Tom as evidence in leading up to the shooting. testified he had. been drinking. turned. The locomotive crew es- caped injury. Arthur, Mason City, Iowa, and Miss Stella Hughes, Tracy, Minn. Miss Howell died Saturday from the results of a fall in her home early in January. The brain con- cussion was treated in hospitals at Long Beach and Los Angeles. Burial was Tuesday in the Long Beach Sunnyside mausoleum. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Fair to- night; continued rather cold, low 28. Saturday fair with rising tempera- ture, high 48. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 39; noon, 39; precipitation, .15 (one inch of sim sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 15.