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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 17, 1949, Winona, Minnesota                              FAIR, COLD TONIGHT, FRIDAY SUPPORT YOURY.M. CA. VOLUME 49, NO. 25 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 17, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Minneapolis Hotel Fire Italian Reds Fight Pact Delays Vote On Treaty Christian Democrats Have Needed Votes To Approve Joining By C. R. Brusini communist filibus-. ter held up a chamber of deputies! vote on Italian adherence to the! North Atlantic pact today after an[ all-night talking marathon. Demanding their right to speak) as they the chamber communist and extreme left wing member laun- ched into a harangue against the North Atlantic agreement. The question up was a vote of confidence on the government's proposal to become a. member. At 4 a.m. (C.S.T.) today, some 19 hours after the filibuster it was still going strong in a bor-i ing, repetitious fashion. An estima-j ted 150 and! extreme left wing remained to speak. Must End Soon If each averaged the 15 to 20 minutes consumed by those who argued through the night and ear- ly hours of the dawn the vote could i be drawn out until tomorrow. i Terms of the sentj to the Italian government for study to be made public throughout the world tomorrow. Approval by the chamber is fore- gone since the Christian Democrat- ic party of Premier Alclde de Gas- peri holds a majority of 305 in the chamber of 570. At a recent caucus the party voted almost unanimous- ly for the western defense agree- ment. One of the most bitter communist j criticisms during the four-day de-i bate has been that the government has not given any clear indication j of what is in the pact. After chamber action the matter joes to the senate for debate. Outside Montecitorio palace, the deputies building, strong forces of police were deployed. They rode in Jeeps and were armed With tom-ji my-guns. This was a precaution against any possible communist demonstration. Strike In Protest The communist-dominated Rome chamber of labor announced, mean- while it had called a one hour strike today "as the first protest" Republican -Herald photo by Men-lit Kelley Everybody's A Good Irishman Today. Whether your name ends with "son" or "ski" you are still a son of Eire on St. Patrick's day. Here are a couple of young Winonans who today are celebrating their first St. Pat's day. Jean Louise and James LeRoy Backus were born March 18 last year, the day after, the annual shamrock day. They are the children of Mr. and Mrs. LeEoy Backus, 564 West Wabasha street. Truman's Program Has Hard Sledding against Italy's adherence to the North Atlantic agreement. The strike is to start an hour before regular quitting time of the work- ers to give union leaders a chance to explain the "dangers" of the al- liance. A two-hour demonstration yester- Interior Department Changes Suggested In Hoover Report By William F. Arbogast Washington Congressional leaders today conceded privately that the Truman program for the 81st Congress is in deep trouble. It is clearly apparent, they told newsmen, that from now on a co- alition of Republicans and southern 'Democrats will call the turn on legislation despite the fact that Democrats have nominal control in By Vern Haugland Eharply-divid Vote Near On Senate Debate Gags Defeat of Plan To Prevent Filibusters Seen N. B. Haakinson long argu- ment over a change in Senate rules to curb filibusters rumbled on to-1 day even though the issue is jtled. Truman Democrats, who lost! their case, were still resentful. i A confident alliance of 22 Repub- licans and 30 than enough to decide the lssu i ii-ii Aiic a.uj.iiii.1 Istration took a beating in the sen- ate on its filibuster fight and (3) A Senate committee shelved the President's nomination of Mon Wallgren to head the National Se- curity Resources board. House Republican Leader Martin of Massachusetts predicted that other major proposals of the Pres ident would fare Just as badly. the government's concluding speech last night, stayed at his place on the government bench all I when the If a similar proposal offered in I950." Ma in December, 1924 had been followed then, the in Martin told reporters. The 81st Congress expires then promise and only that. The counter- proposals: First, one by Senators Baldwin (R-Conn.) and Saltonstall (R- Mass.) that would allow two thirds of senators voting on any issue to apply a debate limit except for the rules change. In that 64 favorable two thirds of the entire be needed to halt debate. Second, a proposal by Senator Morse (R-Ore.) to allow a simple majority of the Senate to apply to talk limit. That would be 49 ifj all 96 senators were present and Rivpr Barnp? Spf voted but it could be as few as 6 Daiges jer 25 if a bare quorum of 49 answered. night, leaving for only a few min- government reorganization group and anew one will replace it in declared' "hundreds millions of Sta would not admit that there is such a thing as formal coalition in the House, but one of dollars would have been saved to the public over these Now, jrcaij, xiuv, UUUUVIUII ill LUK JlUUoc, DUlj OH6 OI I mfllif.ailvaa'it added, "it is a complete lieutenants summed up the sit- llUftCl rlllWaUftCG'sity. uaUon this way: Reported Filthy I Three commissioners, headed by j Secretary of State Acheson, the jbi-partisan group's vice-chairman, Philadelphia replacing the Interior de- of, Million View Big St. Pat's Pirade in N. Y. New little bit of of Ireland spread out up and down Fifth avenue today in the annual St. Patrick's day parade. More than a million spectators lined the street as the green- splashed line of marchers moved along to the rhythm of Celtic airs. Governor Thomes E. Dewey, Mayor William O'Dwyer and other public dignitaries were in the reviewing stand. Not quite getting into the spirit of things, the Weather was cloudy with occasional snow flurries. The parade is only a part of the celebrations in honor of the patron saint of Ireland, Dozens of parties and dances are sched- uled tonight and tomorrow night. One of the big events is the 165th annual St. Patrick's din- ner tonight of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. James E. For- restal, resigned secretary of de- fense, will be among the guests. the Democrats in Congress things eye to eye with the Repub-1 licans. This is particularly true of southern Democrats, who owe no allegiance to President Truman Third, a proposal by Senator My- ers to allow a minimum of 49 sen- ators, dubbed a "constitutional ma- to halt debate. Senator Humphrey who ignores the theory that a fresh- man senator remains silent, made an evangelistic plea last night for, the Baldwin-Saltonstall plan to curb March 28 Opening St. Louis (IP) Central Bsrge Lines officials announced yesterday they would start operations on the Upper Mississippi river about March 28. The company is one of the lar- gest carriers of coal on the river. The towboat Truax is expected to push the first load of barges. anyhow." This .party spokesman predicted why the Russians left the cruiserjpartment with a "Department Milwaukee before U. S. colors were Natural Resources." raised and reports of filthy con-, But the majority turned to t that the House would not sharply! "as" and recommended instead moved up the Delaware river to eluding in the present would not Philadelphia. The Russians returned the 26- year-old warship to the United these functions: 1. Flood control and harbors improvement, now under [vote for federal aid to education, rivers and j would not approve the President's States yesterday at sea off Lewes.jthe Army corps of engineers. Del. She was the first of 586 ves-l 2. Public building construction seis loaned the Soviet Union community services, now ma- ing the war to be returned to thisijor functions of the Federal Works country. The Navy has announced Agency. the Milwaukee will be scrapped im- mediately. After the ceremony, the freighter Molotov waukee which escorted the Mil- -renamed Murmansk by! 3. Hospital construction, includ- ing the Veterans ad- ministration program and the hos- pital-building activities of the Army and the for Russia [aid with the cruiser's crewmen aboard The ship's transfer was delayed 15 days. A Navy spokesman said much of the delay resulted from "miserable weather conditions" brought on by high winds. The Russians hauled down the, hammer and sickle shortly before Navy, but not' program now the grants-in- under Public Health service. 4. Civilian airport construction on prepaid medical-health insurance plan, and would not enact a civil rights program. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and and continued cold tonight and Friday. Low tonight 17; high Friday 32. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 behalf of the proposed Bureau ending at 12 m. today: Civil Aviation of the Commerce de-l Maximum. 33; minimum, excepting grauts-jnoon, 29: precipitation, none; in-aid programs. Under the plan. Interior lose only the Bureau of Indian Af- 15; sun Isets tonight at sun rises to- would I morrow at 2 p.m. C.S.T. Then they promptly fairs, the Bureau of Land Manag-e- moved off the Milwaukee onto thejment (except and com- Molotov. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Free. Chicago 30 16 .04 i Duluth Kansas City U. 5. Weakens Of Defenses By lell Erickson Pearl .Harbor Only years after winning mastery of the Pacific from Japan, the United States is backtracking its main de 'ense line of this great ocean to ts own West coast. The one weapon not being cu; down in the Pacific is the sub- marine. Pacific commanders here decline discussion, but obviously the line hey would like to man and hold s as far from the U. S. mainland and as close to Asia as possible. Under present and contemplated Budgets, however, forces left for be Pacific are too scanty for main- enance of a distant line. Supply nd shipping- costs would be tre- mendous to maintain in-Japan, Ok- nawa and the Marianas the kind f perimeter defense which Pacif- c commanders would like. With priorities concentrated on Europe, the Mediterranean and el- ewhere, the Pacific's role in the old war strategy seems even more econdary than in World War U, Prize Target fled safely. All flre apparatus in the city was turned out as Cyinj embers periled other downtown structures. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) 40 Guests Routed, 5 Firms Burned Out guests were routed as flre early today swept the Majestic hotel building to burn out five business firms and tht hostelry with loss estimated at One fireman was overcome by smoke and was in critical condition at hospital. Two other firemen suffered minor injuries. American military observers -where the memory of Dec- In poor condition, is Richard Johnson, 32, (2639 Morgan avenue, Gregory Campion, 33, (3016 Bryant avenue, S.) and Verdon White, 3S, (5749 24th avenue, S.) were treated for minor bruises. The fire, discovered shortly before midnight, gained such headway all Minneapolis apparatus was called to the scene by a series of alarms be- fore It was controlled two hours later. The building, at Hennepin avenue and Seventh street, was called a total loss by George Lockhart, fire chief who made the damage esti- mate. Firemen devoted main ef- Married Women's love Children' Called Legitimate sin that shocked 13-year-old illegitimate son in cap- which the hotel building surrounds tivity most of his life might have to L shape. remained secret forever had recorded his birth. City Registrar Michael J, Mann- ing said that if Mrs. Ann Sullivan had recorded the child's birth no me would have known of the illegit- imacy "except herself and the rep- uted father." "The child of a married woman she! First alarm was sounded when j guests reported smelling smoke in their rooms directly above the kit- chen of the Bridgeman Ice Cream store at 617 Hennepin avenue. Flames Spread Quickly Flames spread quickly through the three-story building and within an hour were shooting 100 feet into the air through the roof. ane-producing belt would be rize target for an enemy surprise j Manning said. his room life. ttack by long-range bombers Or Police said the shock of the in- ubmarine-launched guided misst-! discretion apparently drove the wo- s. man into hiding the child in a bar- With expense as a controlling fac- ren room for the greater part of r in Pacific deployment, they feel IB best defense that can be af- rded against such attack is to oncentrate major defending ele- ents right on the potential tar- et and in Alaska. Steady cutbacks of air and naval rces based in Hawaii and west- ard are evidences of this. Last week Admiral Dewitt C. Ra- sey. Pacific fleet commander, an- iunced navy and marine Pacific r headquarters were moving from awaii to San Diego. The commands have no forward rces, and the overhead decreases as the supply line is shortened. The Air Force is sending back to the mainland its 81st fighter Other firms occupying the first floor and basement of the hotel are: of her Hanover Shoes, 619 Hennepin ave- nue; Adam Hats, 621; vermes Jew- elry Company, 623. and the New Grand cafe. Eyewitness reports given over sev- But the 45-yea'r-old mother in- sisted the boy had the freedom of the house, although, she said, he was not allowed to go out. The woman admitted, police said, that the child was conceived and born while she was separated from her husband, who is still missing. Gerald's father is dead. An official of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cru-, elty to Children expressed doubt today that the boy had never been outside the house until he was found in the street Sunday night. "This boy, in my opinion, has been out with said Robert Mumford, secretary of the society. eral radio stations brought sands of spectators to the thou- scene. 'He talks and responds in excel- lent English and his vocabulary is surprising-." wing, the last in the Pacific com- mand. As air intercepting forces, Ha- surprising-." By Thomas A. Reedy waii has left one air national guard American soldier squadron of 25 overage F-47 Thun- held captive four days by the Rus- jderbolts and a navy all-weather Ha inline fO BeQin sians to Berlin said today they I fighter training unit. _ 3 threatened to harm his family in In 1941, when Japan was the po- Huge DUlldinq rlan America if he didn't give them tential Far East enemy, the Pa-i information. ciflc fleet commander had four big I St. de- The soldier, Private Fred J. Ja- carriers and 13 battleships basedjvelopment program preparing for cobson of Birmingham, Ala., was 24 40 mercial fisheries. The Agricultural department would get the Bureau of Land Management, commercial fisheries would go to the Commerce I Miami 72 department: and Indian affairs [New Orleans 70 Los Angeles 6S A Navy spokesman said that to his knowledge there had never be- fore been such a ceremony in U. S. naval annals. He said he could not recall a time when the Americansjwould come under a new depart-JNew York 38 loaned a foreign nation a shipfment for social security, education I Seattle ...........59 and then had it returned. land Indian affairs. 29 45 67 57 32 44 .15 j j Additional weather on page 3. His Five Sisters and brothers dead from burns and his mother near death todayften-year-old Harold Sloan, Middle River, Minn, rests at a neighbor's home where he was taken when fire destroyed the Riley Sloan dwelling at Middle River Tuesday. Harold was the only occupant of the house to escape burns. He ran to a neighbor- ing home barefooted in ten below zero weather to spread the alarm. He suffered frost bitten feet. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Others were attracted by the tower- ing flames. A heavy pall of smoke covered the entire loop district. Chief Lockhart said it was Min- neapolis' most disastrous flre this year and one of the worst In several years. There were no patrons in ;he Gopher theater when the fire broke out Russ Release U. 5. Soldier on Pearl Harbor. la the current cold war status with Russia, no carrier or battle- ship is based in Hawaii. In fact, only two first-line carriers are op- erating in the pacific. Boxer and Valley bas- ed on. the West Coast. the 100th anniverary of Hamline! released today. He said he was university in 1954 was announced today by Dr. Hurst R. Anderson, president. Hamline is the oldest institu- tion of higher learning in Minne- sota, holding a territorial charter issued in 1854. Although the Pacific fleet com- Dr. Anderson announced that the mand refuses to disclose the of Holabird Root and Burgee ber of warships deployed 'in the of Chicago has been retained by the Far East, it is known that in China j university's board of trustees to and Japan waters there now are no more than four cruisers, one small escort carrier and a small force of destroyers. study additions" and alterations needed in the school's plant to pro- vide best facilities for a student body of under almost constant questioning for the four days but was other- wise well treated. Jacobsoa first was missed when he failed to report to" his company last Sunday. He is assigned to the photo section of the 7773 Signal Ser- vice company. Military police, act- ing- on a hunch, asked the Russians if they were holding the soldier. The Russians said they were not. Three days later the Russians ad- mitted they were holding Jacobson. and asked the Americans to come and get   

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