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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 14, 1949, Winona, Minnesota SNOW FLURRIES, COLDER TONIGHT SUPPORT YOUR Y. M. C. A. VOLUME 49, NO. 22 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 14, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Mi tiers 2-W kStrik Iceland Considers Atlantic Pact Mayor William O'Dwyer, right, and Commissioner of Investiga- tion John Murtaugh kneel to examine wiretapping equipment in the mayor's office in City Hall, New York, as Detective Chief William Whalen, left, and Police Commissioner William O'Brien look on. was seized after an ex-New York detective was arrested in what Mayor O'Dwyer described as a "wiretapping plot" against city officials. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Car Carries Four To Death in River At Baraboo, Wis. Baraboo, young people drowned yesterday when their auto plunged off the road, down a 20-foot bank and Into the Baraboo river. The car left highway 26 on an "S" curve about two miles west of here carrying to their deaths Dale Curtin, 20; James Byrnes, 21; Ardls Harvey. 17, and Roberta Phillips, 17, all of Reedsburg. Authorities 'said the The Alsops Rearming Job Tough In Europe By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Atlantic pact's last dot and comma are now in place. But work has not been com- accident Diplomat Asks Details On Alliance Foiaign Minister Says Peacetime Bases Impossible Washington for- eign minister called at the State department today to seek informa- tion which may determine whether! his strategically located island re- public will enter the North Atlan- tic security pact. The foreign minister, Bjarni Be- nediktsson, arrived here last night. He told reporters in New York that his government had not yet de- cided to Join the alliance and that it definitely would refuse to grant peacetime bases to any power. "I think there can be no dis- cussion of he said. The United and the west- ern European nations lining up under the treaty are highly inter- Frank Morrison Rites Wednesday Germ, Atom War Has Limitations Military Seeks To Reassure Civilian Population By Elton C. Fay Washington The military is alarmed at the public's idea of the mass-killing capabilities pf germ warfare, atomic bombs, guided missiles and other new weapons. Over the weekend, it sought to explain the limitations and capabil- i ities of the first of -these. The na- Frank Morrison ested In providing permanent pro- tection for North Atlantic sea and air lines. Neverthless, it appeared that Iceland's views on the base question would be fully respected tional military establishment issued a formal statement, followed by a news conference, on biological war- top military secret for the Washington-Hf-The funeral three These views were Prank Morrison, pioneer A. F. L.lexpressed: organizer and longtime official, has been arranged for Wednesday (1 p.m. Morrison; 89, died at his home here Saturday. He had been ill for two months. 1. Biological Warfare The stealthy implanting of germs in peo- ple, animals or practicable, can be conducted on limited scale now, is a "most potentially impor- tant weapon." 2. Because this is true, the Unit- pleted on the Atlantic pact's Si- amese twin, the measure to give the pact meaning by helping West- ern Europe to rearm. Major de- cisions, including final estimates of probably occured shortly after mid- night while the four were on their way home from a wedding dance I here. A crew of the Wisconsin Pow- er Light Company discovered the calamity at a. m. when passing workmen noticed the car's rear bumper protruding from 12 feet of water. The same workmen said they had observed a gleam on the water when they passed the spot some six hours earlier, but thought noth- ing amiss. The by Curtin and owned by his father, a telephone pole and a tree before careening down the bank and break- ing through the ice on the river. AE four were trapped in the auto. The two girls attended Reedsburg High school. Curtin and Byrnes were graduates of the school. Mrs. Bertha Michaelsen. 63. Mil- waukee, was injured fatally Satur- the first year's cost, remain to be taken very age three, was burned fatally when gasoline ex- ploded in the basement of his Mil- waukee home Saturday night. Richard Guenther, 78, Milwau- kee, died Saturday of injuries in- flicted January 12 when he was hit by an auto. A Reedsburg woman, Mrs. Eu- genie Ellenberg, 75, accidentally drowned in her bathtub Saturday taken, and must shortly. However, the main outlines of the rearm' ament program are now emerg- ing, as a result of endless, hur- ried conferences in the State de- p a r tment, the Pentagon and General Montgom- ery's Western Union staff head- quarters in Paris. If snd it is a much bigger if than most people realize the Congress approves the program, it will consist of two main phases.lAJfl'Pfj Ilint' The first phase is to be completed) during the first year after CiSvoc ress appropriates the necessary j money for the American share. I This phase is designed to assure! >-hlcaBo Alfred Lunt. the Internal security of the entered Passavant hospital ern European countries. To thisjMarcn 5 for treatment of a stom- end, twelve existing divisions will was released yesterday. be re-equipped with modern arm-! He and mw wlfe' Fontanne, aments transport. These existing divisionslLouls Wefik- and that no pressure would be! For nearly half a century he was brought by the United States of ae Wldely known ed states must be Ws point ures In the American labor move-] the use of germs in a war or "bi- Benediktsson said Icelandic com- put their strength at 20 per cent of the oppos- ing the pact in every, way they can. He told a questioner that his country had received no counter proposals from Moscow. The pattern for handling the is-. e Big Diggings At Pittsburgh Shut Down Workers West Of. Mississippi Continue Work ment. A printer who once studied to be a lawyer, he served as secretary of the American Federation of La- bor for 43 years, watching it grow, from an organization of members sed the mark. reached and pas- been sue of bases apparently was laid! down Saturday in a conference iarmlla tween State department officials career he was at labor councUs and Danish Foreign Minister Gus- tav Rasmussen. They discussed what Rasmussen described as the problem of Greenland, Denmark owns Greenland and the United States has two airfields tnere. They were built as a result arrangements made during the war, but not permanently for peacetime. Framework for Future State Department officials told Rasmussen, it was learned, that ary semiclerical collar and a black bow tie. If the season called for a. white linen suit, he switched to a white bow tie. In October 1939 within a month of his 80th birthday, he retired as Federation officer on a life pen- ological sabotage methods before a declaration of war has been made." 3. In the research field of bac- terial war, the United States is even with or perhaps ahead of any other nation. Secret studies have by committee "X" of the research and development board, j Extravagant Claims 4, is no factual basis for extravagant claims of the ex- istence of a biological super-weapon" which can kill hundreds of millions of people. Officials familiar with the policy to debunk fantastic public ideas about germ war, A-bombs and oth- Two Firemen Carry Jesse Gonzales, 28, from the Atlas hotel on Chicago's near north side, after fire attacked the structure. He was found overcome by smoke on the floor of his room and died after being taken to a hospital. Several others were injured In the blaze. (AJP. Photo.) Filibuster Snass Truman Program By Edwin B. Haakinson Washington New trouble piled up in Congress today in front of President Truman's request --to strengthen rent controls and other day when the car driven by her tne North Atlantic treaty provides to assume the- new title weapons agreed that two basic secretary-emeritus. parts of his 1949 program. With present rent controls due to expire March 17 days situations i the Senate still troubled with a filibuster, Senator Tobey He served under Gompers for prompted the decision to "educate" H.) raised a threat. 29 years and under Green for more than 15 years. Every year since 1895 he was re-elected without op- position. His last term expired husband, Otto, 84, overturned near Cedar Grove. Michaelsen suffered cuts and bruises. Thomas Duke, the framework in which a future December 31, 1939. solution of the base problem be worked out. With the arrival of the Icelandic delegation, the lineup of eligible countries which have either declar- ed their intention to join, or shown pact, was almost complete. Only Portugal remained to be heard from. The republic of land several weeks ago declared' that it would not enter the alliance because of its long standing quar- rel with Britain. Three other major developments on the treaty projects are in sight for this Week: Waukesha Man Accused in Wild Shooting Melee Waukesha, Wis. Milwau- kee man was in serious condition the public: (A) To try to undo some of the American public's overconfidence in certain victory through reliance on only such weapons as the atomic bomb, germ warfare and guided missiles. To allay hysteria and panic among American populations should Tobey, former banking commit- tee chairman and past supporter of rent controls, told a reporter he favors an extension for only six months to enable individual states to take over this job If they desire That would be in contrast with :Mr. Truman's plan for a two-year to explain that these are not tentatively voted by the solute" weapons, but have definite limitations in the number they can kill or the damage they can pro- duce. There are means of minimiz- ing their effect. Two Sword Psychological warfare can be a with a gunshot wound and his al-j two-edged sword. Privately, some leged assailant and the latter's! military leaders wonder whether 1. The French cabinet is expect-j ed to review the completed draft' of the pact and give its final, for- mal approval. 2. The Italian government is due small daughter recovering from I talk about atomic warfare doesn't to rip- s, including tanks, armored !are scheduled to resume their new artillery, and above all ''z Know Mv in St. carbon monoxide poisoning today following a wild melee at a farm home yesterday. Police Chief Harold Owens said Hugo (Hooks) Goedtke, 52, of Wau- kesha, and his four-year-old daugh- bate necessary to pave the way ter were found unconscious early for Italy s joining. Itodav in a nublic earasre with the 3. The text of the treaty, whic was finally completed by the m gotiators here last Friday, is scheduled for publication next Fri- day. The five western European two f; d f t_ drfense rtonoooo wj aay- lne Ilve western European are now so poorly equipped that of Geriesee Depot, Wis countrles took an they do not provide complete se- cancelea a Milwaukee run of the curity against Communist after a Premiere at Madison, ders, especially since the Commu-j Vls- nists are known to have very large I stocks of hidden arms. iNeOTO SflVfiS 5 WHEN THESE divisions are re-i, 2 armed, and internal security as-lm burning HOUSS sured, the second phase will be-; gin, at the start of the second year. Johns lay. This phase, designed to provide death in a Baltimore hospi- ternal security, will be much today after snatching five per- difficult than the first. The aim sons from the second floor of a is to provide sufficient military! naming house, force so that in case of war most I 'Tbe 32-year-old Negro stood on The foreign ministers of the five Prance, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg frighten more Americans than'Rus- sians. A government book about atomic they can and can't do follow the bacterial warfare statement by a few months. The Atomic Energy commission is pre- paring it now. It is described as the I first authoritative and detailed dis- House. Tobey and a number of other senators and representatives be- lieve the time has come for cutting off the frequent extensions of war- time rent controls. Tobey's proposal came as a Sen- ate banking subcommittee met be- hind closed doors today to begin drafting a rent bill under the chair- manship of Senator Sparkman CD- Both Sparkman and Chairman Maybank (D-SC) of the full bank- ing committee are among souther- ners battling the proposed tighten- sha Memorial hospital. other man, allegedly shot by Goedtke. is.Charles R. Gans, 26, of Milwaukee. He is at the vet- erans hospital, in Milwaukee in ser- ious condition, Owens said, with a of as the filibuster-civn rights include several chapters on the design of buildings to withstand atomic attack. The campaign to bring back to bullet wound the end of his some fanciful flights of -opened a two-day meeting. Other told tnis story. ministers of cabinet rank joined ,-na hie wif them. thoughts about the present status of guided missiles has been under way for several years. Rocket ex- and his wife were di-'perts keep declaring that "push but- spine. Owens and Sheriff Leslie Rock- Defense Arrangements One purpose of the meeting is to try to bring into defense or all of Western Europe could be denied to the red army. In the second year, tentative plans call for eight new divisions, for a total a burning porch roof at suburban Essex yesterday and ted his wife, his father-in-law, two women and a boy to safety. Then the porch I arrangements of the western Eur- I opean union other European coun-__ ____ tries which will join the U. S. backed away in'his car" of twenty, and in the third collapsed plummeting Johns ten more, for a total of 30. No the flames. detailed planning hns been done He suffered a fractured skull and beyond the third year. .first, second and third degree There is one question which hasiourns over his entire body, doc- r.ot been answered. How great a said, force is needed to take, and stop, the initial assault of the Red army in case of war? The strategic plan- ners in the Pentagon and on Gen- eral Montgomery's staff in Paris are wrestling with this problem, and have yet to agree on an ans- wer. The question cannot be answer- ed, of course, merely in terms of1 numbers of divisions. All are; agreed that the Western European! however WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: j mark, Italy. Portugal and Ice- vorced" a week ago, with Goedtke granted permission to visit his daughter at specified intervals. Yesterday he called for the little1 girl at his ex-wife's home four miles north of. here and took her, ton warfare" so far has only little more than the button. The trouble, they say, has been that the public has confused blueprints and labora- tory studies with the actual, pres- ent-day capabilities of guided mis- siles. Up to now, they can't cross North Atlantic agreement. The They returnedrabout or hit any pinpoint targets' Ivorth Atlantic pact is slated to beiand found Gans and the keep telling the public. signed in Washington early next month. The western European union is a 50-year defense treaty the five countries signed in Brussels a year ago Thursday. The projected North Atlantic agreement, completed in Washing- ton last week, is for 20 years. It, too, is for mutual defense pur- poses. Besides the five nations and the United States, it also in- cludes Canada and Norway. Den- Maximum. 41: minimum, noon. 33: precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 14; ending at 12 m. today Maximum, 42: minimum. -rises must be superbly equipped, with! much armor and artillery, a. big' armored reserve, and above all un- questioned tactical air superiority, if it is to hold the vast Red Army until can arrive. Given such 1 (Continued on Page 17, Column 2) ALSOPS i morrow at FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair tonight and Tuesday, except oc- casional flurries of snow tonight. nAlriPT T rtTTT land may join. The foreign ministers of the five countries make up the consultative council of western European union. They are meeting six weeks ahead of schedule for a final joint discussion on the new Atlantic al- liance. They also will talk over a con- stitution for the proposed council of Europe. They agreed "in prin- cipal" to such a council earlier mother about to eat supper. Goedtke pulled out a pistol started firing. Two shots but the third hit Gans in his back.! Goedtke then snatched up the childjCuban Hero's and drove away. Gans staggered across the road to a tavern and called the sheriff's office. He was taken to Memorial hospital by county ambulance. The slug was removed and he was transferred to the veterans facil- ity. About 2 a.m. today a Waukesha man drove into a public garage to park his truck. Hearing a noise of motors running, he investigated and found Goedtke and the child unconscious in Goedtke's car. The motor was running. So was the mo- tor of another car. The man called police, who re- rived the little girl. A fire depart- ment rescue squad worked over Goedtke and both men were taken to the hospital. Attendants said they are recovering. Colder tonight. Low tonight 12 inithis year. The five Brussels the city, eight in the country; highland five other western European! District Attorney David Dancey Tuesday 22. j countries meet here March 28 to i said there had been no .charges (Additional weather on page 17.) adopting this constitution, [lodged against Goedtke. Havana. S. Ambas- sador Robert Butler has apologized to Cuba for the drunken acts of three U. S. sailors who desecrated the statue of Jose Marti, Cuba's national hero. The weekend incident caused great indignation in Havana. Cu- senate are these administration bills: 1. A House-passed three-year ex- tension of the tariff-cutting, reci- procal .trade powers asked by Mr Truman. 2. A long-range housing program including slum clearance subsidiz ed low-rent public housing anc other features urged by the Presi dent. 3. The 15-month extension of the foreign aid program (due to expire in three weeks) with a ooo authorization asked by the president. 4. Repeal of the Taft-Hartley la bor act and substitution of an ad- ministration measure. Meanwhile nearly a dozen other Senate committees and subcommi- ttees called forenoon sessions to- day. A closed session of the interior committee had a chance to approve the nomination of James Boyd, to be director of the bureau of mines. Boyd's nomination is one of the reasons cited by John L. Lewis for calling his union coal miners out for two weeks, starting to- day. House committees also were busy day of mourning" over the affront but caUed it off after Butler .apol- ogized and placed a wreath at the statue. .-1 A crowd threatened to lynch the three sailors, police, arresting them, had to fire into the air to disperse the would-be lynchers. The trio of tars, along with by- stander shipmates, were released to the Navy on condition they be disciplined. Their ship, the Mine- sweeper Rodman, along with other visiting units left Havana Satur- Iday after the incident. j ban students planned a "national with .the foreign aid bill before the rfoTT nvpv affrnnt. foreign affairs group, and repeal rf the Taft-Hartley act before the :ahor committee. Cars Damaged Ettrick, Wis. (Special) Con- siderable damage was done to cars driven by Buford M. Smith of Blair and Mrs. Arnold Brovold of Beach n a collision at Mill street and Main Saturday forenoon, as Mrs. Brovold backed her car from the curb near the C. A. Brye store. Churchill Flays Socialist Plan In Election Talk London Winston Churchill has launched a new attack on Bri- tain's socialist government. he' "are 'making us live in a fool's purgatory upon a generous grant of free-enterprise, capitalist America." The statement was made In an open letter the Conservative party leader addressed to his party's can- didate for Parliament to a special election Wednesday. The seat from Sowerby, Yorkshire, was vacated by Laborite John W, Belcher last- months after a special tribunal had censured his conduct as a government official. Paul Bry- an, Conservative, and Douglas Houghton, Labor, are running fo the seat. "Our British island, with its im mense population, will never be abli ;o maintain its prewar standard o living under a socialist society, Churchill said. The wartime prime minister de clared nationalization of Industrie has shifted them "from the profl to the Joss side of the account" and added: "Prices are raised by the high costs of state-purchased raw ma- terials and of nationalized fuel and power, and wages are heavy taxation." 25 Russians Form Liberating Group New committee ded- icated to "liberating: Russia from the communist dictatorship" has been formed by 25 Russian expa- triates, including Alexander P. Kerensky. Kerensky, premier of the provis- ional government of Russia follow- ing the overthrow of the czar in 1917, left Russia 30 years ago after ie short-lived republic was de- posed. The new group, organized yes- terday, said it .seeks the establish- ment of "a free and genuinely dem- ocratic Russia." It adopted the name "Union for the Liberation of the People 'of'Russia." Pittsburgh About soft and bard coal miners stayed away from work today. Their work stoppage halted coal mining east of the Mississippi and forced the nation's industry to be- gin eating up its stock of stored coal. The diggers started a two-week, voluntary lay off in answer to John L. Lewis' call for a memorial to dead and injured miners. The min- ers also are protesting appointment of Dr. James Boyd as director of the U. S. Bureau of Mines. The idle miners normally work in these ten states: West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Illinois, Alabama, Ohio, Virginia, Tennes- see, Indiana and Maryland. Lewis' order for a work stoppage exempted about TJ.M.W. miners in these states: Wyoming, Colorado, Montana, Utah. Arkan- sas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Wash- ington, Kansas and Missouri. The western states produce only a trickle of the nation's soft coal. Pennsylvania produces virtually all the anthracite mined in the United States and ranks second after West Virginia as a soft coal producer. Typical Scene The scene at a captive coal mine owned by the TJ. S. Steel Corp. In western Pennsylvania was typ- ical. A siren at the national no. 1 mine Jf H, C. Frick Coke Company, U. S. Steel subsidiary, blew the work call as usual at a.m. But it was a mournful wall which went unanswered. The mining village overlooking the works twinkled with lights, but this only signified the diggers early rising- habits. They stayed home. There also was idleness at more ;han a. dozen other Frick holdings In this rich western Pennsylvania production area. The big Robena mine near Uniontown, reputedly world's largest single producing mine, also was idle. The collective production of the Frick mines has been estimated at about tons per day. Jones Laughlin Steel Corpor- ation, fourth largest steel producer in the nation, also had no work. Too Early for Gardening Small commercial mines sprinkl- ed through this area were idle. The miners may find time hang- ing heavily on their hands. In other years such "holidays" come later Jin. the season when the men could 'do spring gardening, go fishing or to the baseball parks. But it was too cold today to do much more than sit by the fire, fed with the coal they have refused to dig for two weeks. Lewis, 69-year-old leader, of the United Mine Workers, last Friday ordered the pits closed down from today until March 28. He said it would be a memorial to the min- ers killed or injured last year. And, he continued, it would be the min- ers' protest against President Tru- man's nomination of Dr. James Boyd as director of the U. S. Bur- eau of Mines. Dr. Boyd's appoint ment awaits Senate ratification. In Washington, Senator Byrd (D- Va.) called on the Senate to "promptly confirm" Dr. Boyd's ap- pointment "as a reply" to the mine shutdown. He added: "As the nomination of Dr. Boyd is now before the Senate for con- firmation, the strike order is noth- ing less than an attempt to coerce and intimidate the Senate of the United States." Railroads Furlough The first effects of the work stop- page came in the railroad industry. Eleven railroads furloughed workers. They're employed by rail- roads who get a big chunk of their freight revenue from hauling coal. Steel industries will not be hit immediately. They have large sup- plies of coal above ground. The national coal stockpile totals an es- timated tons. That's the most coal above ground la any spring since 1942. It's good for about 45 days. As the work stoppage went into effect only maintenance men head- ed toward the diggings. They'll keep pumping water out of the pits, doing the routine work necessary to keep coal mines operating. President Lewis has emphasized he fortnight holiday isn't a strike. Je says, too, it won't cause phys- cal distress. Lewis points out he's allowing miners west of the Mis- sissippi to work "to avoid public hardship in areas where climatic conditions have recently been un- 'avorable." damage resulted from a fire which early today struck the Minot flying school building at the local airport. Destroyed or heavily dam- aged were six small planes, a class- room, a hangar and a motorcycle shop in the buiMing. While there's plenty of coal in the east to fend out any wintry blasts which remain, the work stop- Fire wiu be hard the pocket- books of the miners. The U.M.W. Minot, N. D. estimated has a standing policy of not pay- ing strike benefits. With this in mind, some U.M.W. eaders say they're going after un- employment compensation benefits rom states. It's a big question whether the states will pay off. TradltionBUy, they haven't.
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