Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLDER TONIGHT AND FRIDAY SUPPORT YOUR Y.M.C.A. VOLUME 49, NO. 7 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 24, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-FOUR PAGES ruman ars II PI an 7 Atlantic Nations Agree on Defense Clause Covets Action In Event of Aggression Armed Assault On One Considered Blow Against All By John M. Hlghtower seven na- tions negotiating an Atlantic secur- ity treaty are understood to have reached substantial agreement on the draft o'J a defense clause, cov- ering action In event of an attack. This has been the greatest single Issue between the United States and western European governments In the long negotiations which opened last summer. The accor now reported Is regarded by dlplo mats as clearing the way fo prompt completion of the pact probably In about two weeks. Wording Still Secret While the wording Is still secret the basic provisions are understooc to make these two points; 1. An armed attack on any one of the Atlantic powers shall be considered as an attack on all of them and each country undertakes to assist to meet- Ing the attack in line with its rights of self defense under the United Nations charter. 2. Each country will decide for Itself the particular ac- tions, including possible use of armed forces, that It will take in meeting the attack. These principal provisions would be reinforced by other articles. These articles would provide for almost continuous consultation among the mersBefs clothe alli- ance, and for coordinated defense planning once the treaty comes Into force. The Idea is to antici- pate any emergency which mlgh -riiaay U.IIQ uieii met, oamr- day morning with representatives I Wnen sne to her suburban of the other negotiating govern-] Des Plaines home there will be a ments. Diplomats familiar withjnew house Tor her parents and her the negotiations said they could I six brothers and sisters. Roberta see no major obstacle remaining) thinks the frame cottage which was to a fast and satisfactory settle-) swept by flames last Thursday aft- ment of the whole treaty project. !er an oil stove exploded is being re- Countries participating in the paired. But through efforts of the Chica- go Herald American, Chicago's AJF.L. building trades unions and producers of materials they use are going to build a new home for Re- drafting- of the treaty in addition to the United States are Canada Britain, Prance, Belgium, The Neth- erlands and Luxembourg. Pre-Mardi Gras Parade Marred By Misfortunes New flre and a brief strike marred the pre-Mardi Gras parade of the Knights of Baby- lon. Just as the parade was about to that insistence upon the Jews re- tiring to their October 14 lines would not serve the "basic pur- poses and spirit" of the armistice. These were the lines whence Israel launched her two offensives in October and December and won the Negev. She never returned to the old lines, even though the U. N. security council twice ordered her to do so. The formal signing was at a. m. in the yellow room of the Hotel Des Rhodes where Dr. Ralph Bunche, acting U. N. mediator The maximum is a com- promise'1 between the unit Ann Louise Strong, expelled from Russia as an alleged American spy, makes use of newsreel micro- phones as she makes a statement to newsmen on her arrival at New York today aboard a Trans World Airlines plane. On leaving the plane Miss Strong was served with a federal subpoena to appear before a New York federal grand Jury. In the statement to the press Miss Strong said she did not consciously do anything against the security of the Soviet state or any other state. (AJ. Wlrephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) Vast Wisconsin Building Plan Introduced Madison, Wls. The legis- lative council said today it was In- troducing a bill for a six-year, state building program. The bfll would create a state Archives Telf Origin commission consisting of sought by Sparkman, and the 000 unit six-year program spon- sored by a Republican bloc Includ- ing Senator Taft Federal Aid Estimated the governor and six members of the legislature to evaluate and 95th Birthday Today For Winona County By Jim Keller Winona county Is 85 years old today. Perusal of county archives filed in a small, dusty room below the county auditor's office, reveals that Winona county wau born February 24, 1854. Four years later, Minnesota was admitted into the Union. Winona county secured its name when it broke from Fillmore and Houston counties. From March 5, 1853, until February 24, 1854, the three together were known as Fill more county. Minutes of county commissione that the initial concla' j the Winona county board wai recommend projects. jheld at tne Hotej wlnona Aprll 2 State agencies would recommend) 1854. The hotel was then locatec Federal contributions during the projects and the commission would first five gressively years would increased to be pro- establish priorities. mum amount of a maxl- Two per cent of the appraised between Center and Lafayet streets with fronting on Levee par The first meeting of the Fillmore value of state buildings would be county board was held at the sam 2. A slum clearance'set aside from the general fund each program. This Includes into a building trust fund. In in loans and in grants over a five year period. The money would be used to assist lo- calities in clearing out slum areas to make them available for rede- addition all gifts and donations re- ceived by the state would go into the fund. The estimated value of all state buildings now is velopment. The loans would ex-1 A recent survey by the state plan- tend for not more than 40 years, inmg board showed that 17 depart- 3. Authorization for the housin; and home finance administrator tc undertake broad technical and eco nomlc research programs with par to (A) increastoi and (B) cutting berta. The carpenters, plumbers and! made his headquarters during 43 electrical unions will supply men to build the new house. days of difficult negotiations. The ceremony was the first open The Chicago Daily News said that meeting since negotiations began contributions of more than here January 13 to end the nine- have been received from readers In i months intermittent war. many sections of the country. The funds will be used to furnish the new home. The Illinois seuate at Springfield Iraq Joins Settlement Shortly after Bunche announced yesterday that Egypt had agreec to the signing- he disclosed that adopted a resolution had decided to approve what- Roberta for her courageous rescue Sever agreements are reached- by of her younger brothers and sisters. She suffered serious burns but doc- tors said she will be able to go home in about a month. There were many gifts and letters at the hospital for her. "Thank everybody for she move oft Ijist night, Negro flambeaux told Nurse Ruth Jouppl. "I'd like bearers demanded an Increase in! to write to them all when pay. A brief conference1 produced a 50-cent increase to Meanwhile, gasoline from- one flambeau had leaked into a gutter. A lighted cigarette set it flaming. Flambeaux bearers In near panic threw down their gasoline filled torches and flames leaped as high as telephone wires. Firemen put out the blaze but not before a parked automobile was de- stroyed. I can." As the parade ended its march at city auditorium, where King Sar- gon was to reign over his annual masked ball, a masker on one of the floats became ill. He was Charles J. Ball, director of lie city sanita- tion bureau. He died the "neighbors of These are Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Trans-Jordan. Saudi Arabia announced that she did not consider a formal armist- ice necessary since she has not taken active part in the Arab was against Israel. Yemen, seventh member of the league, also has not taken an active part. Lebanon already has engaged in preliminary rael. negotiations with Is- 21 Burn to Death In Crash in Peru Lima, per- sons were burned to death today when a transport plane upset and caught fire on takeoff from Cuzco mah, will be taken from a 36-mem- Tomah Murder Trial Jury Panel Drawn Sparta, Wis. Jurors who will hear the first degree murder trial of James Jackson, 21, of To- alrport. Two others were badly hurt, The accident occurred when a tire blew out. All the crewmen and 19 Peruvians. ber panel which was drawn here yesterday. Jackson is accused of ticular regard home building down costs. 4. A four-year rural dwelling- and building program tc be handled under the direction o the secretary of agriculture. Of thl amount would be In th form of loans, and In grants. Senator Bricker, who said he Is opposed to many features of the bill, also has these two other amendments: (A) To prohibit al types of government employes from living in public housing proj- ects; and (B) to ban persons with an annual income of more than except in areas with a popu- lation of more than where a income would be permit- ted. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and and colder tonight. Low tonight 20 in ihe city, 15 in the country. Clearing Friday and rather cold; high 28. LOCAL WEATHEE Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 50; minimum, 26; noon, 33; precipitation, trace of rain; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPEKATUBES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Free. Chicago........... 41 Des Moines 46 Duluth .............33 Kansas City.......59 ,os Angeles Mpls.-St. Paul 71 80 47 New Orleans 76 shootingiNew York.........48 his father, Earl, a Toman 57 mn-n 38 34 22 43 52 66 32 57 34 39 .06 .05 .01 i Winnipeg.........15 ments needed buildings that would cost establishment May 28, 1853. _ Today county auditors are clerks of county boards. Prior to Januarj 3, 1860, their duties were performs by the register of deeds. Auditor have now held the post withou interruption for the past 89.years. A drastic change since the forma (Continued on Page 14, Column 4. COUNTY Patricia Frayne, 22, St. Bernard, Ohio, tries on for size a flre hat held by Frank Bottenhorn, 27, the man she will wed at Minneapolis Saturday with .Minneapolis firemen as guests at the ceremony. John J. Erayne, her father and member of the St. Bernard fire de- partment for 27 years, asked help from smoke eaters at Minneapolis because he said lack of funds would bar his attending the wedding. (AJV Wirephoto to The Hoover Reforms In Accounting Stir Opponents By Charles Mciony Washington The 12-man Hoover commission agreed unanim- ously today that the government's accounting set-up needs improving, but split four ways over how to do Wants Aid Continued To Europe Believes Program May Wind Up Within 4 Years Washington (IP) President Truman declared today that tha Marshall plan should be pushed forward until European recovery if assured the full four years If nec- essary, but with due recognition that It may take less time. He expressed pleasure over tha Israel-Egypt armistice. And he told conferenot that he isn't taking back a word or a letter of his denunciation of critics of his official family. When reporters asked what reac- tion had been received to his Tues- day night speech declaring that no 'S. O. B." was going to tell him whom to hire or fire in the govern- ment, Mr. Truman grinned. The reactions, he said, were TWJ satisfactory to him. Drew Pearson, columnist and radio commentator, had criticized Mr. Cruman's Army aide, Major General Harry H. Vaughan, for accepting a lecoratlon from President Peron of Argentina. The Marshall plan comment wax called forth by questions about yesterday's statement from a Brl- ish spokesman In the United Na- Ions, to the effect that Britain las reached the point of ceasing be concerned with recovery and now is interested in long-range con- cerns of the United Kingdom. When Mr. Truman was asked he felt the United should curtail foreign aid accord- ingly, he replied seriously that was very happy over the British rogress toward recovery. But be said he could not answer he question whether aid should be ontlnued. In general, ho went on, the Marshall plan should be oontl- ued until recovery is assured. If that means furnishing ai_ for the full Jour jean envisaged- by-, Congress, that's all right, Pre- sident said. But if the BrtHah pokesman's remarks were correct, ie program, might not take that He Indicated the administration s pressing hard for early passage a new, three-year extension of reciprocal trade act. The White House Is anxious to have approved by Congress by March 5, possible. He did not explain why he chose particular date, stating only rat it was a weekend. Work is being pressed also, he idlcated, on his plan for compul- sory health insurance. Within two r three weeks, the President said, detailed message will be sent to ie capltol. The news conference was crowded possibly because of the contro- ersy aroused by the "8. O. B." re- mark at Tuesdays dinner of the eserve Officers association at near-' y Arlington, Va. It opened in laughter, M the 'resident bandied wisecracks with e correspondents. One correspondent, noting that r. Truman shortly wffl receive a gree from Rollins college, na, sked whether as a result of the jeech the degree would be "doctor letters." Again Mr. Truman burst to laughter and said he couldn't answer that one. it. The group came out solidly for :'radlcal revision" of the present judgeting and accounting methods. Their idea, they said, is to show clearly: "1. On budgeting: what Is he money wanted for? 2. On ac- counting: What do the taxpayers get for It? Present practices, the group de- clared, "confuse the Congress lie public and make effective ad- ministration almost Impossible." The bipartisan commission's sharpest disagreement to date fo- cused on the stormy figure of Comptroller General' Lindsay C. Varren, and the former congressman an advocate of big-. general accounting; fflce be heads. Warren, a and himself cale government reform, had giv- en the Commission on Government leorganization advance warning that any proposal to trim his agen- y's powers would bring a con- cessional fight that might wreck ie whole reorganization program, v. of the ommission including Former Resident Herbert Hoover, its chair- man, and Secretary of Defense For- estal, Senator Aiken (K.-Vt.) and Representative Brown ought a middle course. Aiming at uniform practices, they recommended creation of an "ac- ountant general" In the treasury rho would "prescribe general ao- ountlng methods and enforce ac- Minting procedures the approval enerai." to of the comptroller That promptly provoked two dis- that the majority would mcroach too far on Warren's pres- snt activities and the other that they wouldn't encroach far enough.. lewDairyland Power Strike Notice Served Ban Claire, Wls. For the second time in two months, a strike notice was served today on the Dalryland Power Cooperative which serves power users In Wis- consin, Illinois, Minnesota and Iowa. C. S. Elliott, business representa- ;Ive of Local 953, A.F.L. International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, -.dvised John Madgett, La Crosse, jeneral manager of the cooperative, that employees would strike unless a "satisfactory settlement" were reached within 10 days of Febru- ary 22. Brainerd Man Shot in Abdomen Brainerd, Minn. Police said today a 31 year old Brainerd man Is in St. Joseph's hospital suf- fering from a 22 caliber bullet, wound in the abdomen. In critical condition is Ray Kapp, who, police said, told his wife he had shot himself while hunting Wednesday. Police said they have been unable to question Kapp. Mrs. Kapp said her husband re- turned home at dusk Wednesday and informed her he had a "pain" n the stomach." She said he later told her he had shot himself ac- cidentally.