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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 19, 1949, Winona, Minnesota WEATHER Cloudy, Light Snow SUPPORT YOUR Y.M.C.A. VOLUME 49, NO. 3 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 19, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES 'No Man's Land' Set U Acheson Plans Final Talks on Atlantic Pact Session With Senate Committee 'Encouraging' Lawmakers Ponder Economic Controls By Norman Walker he told reporters. Infla- Instead of lower prices, may be have spent two weeks hearing busi- ness, labor and farm leaders disagree over the nation's economic pulse now face the job of writing a diagnosis by March 1. Whether the treatment will call Tor new controls as demanded by President Truman and endorsed by labor and farm leaders, or for hands-ofr policy as advocated business, remains to be seen. by But Senator O'Mahoney (D.- By Jack Bell Washington Secretary of !State Acheson was reported about! ready today for final talks on .proposed North Atlantic alliance and offlcla] testlf on the after an "encouraging" session sltuationi Earl James McGrath of New York, professor of education at the University of Chicago, was nominated by President Truman to be U. S. commissioner of education. Professor McGrath Is shown working at his desk at the university in Chicago. He will succeed John W. Stude- baker. (AP. Photo.) The Alsops U. S. Must Use Red (with the Senate foreign relations i committee. The "encouraging" label came from Senator Lodge jone of the committee members who spent three hours with Ache- son behind closed doors yester- day, suggesting ways to get around a delicate spot in the treaty's wording. The secretary may lay before representatives of western Euro- pean countries and Canada next jweek a proposed agreement ex- pected to offer a promise that thei United States will take measures! to help maintain the security of I the North Atlantic area. Check on Going to War But there also will be a remlnd- today: "Inflationary pressures are still Refugee By Stewart Alsop Washington It now seems prob- able that at long last something will be done to correct an Insane situation. One way to suggest Just how Insane the situation has been Is to quote from a letter recently received from one Gregory Kllmov, a Russian who was chief engineer In head- quarters In Berlin until he escaped Into the American zone of Germany early In 1947. Engineer Kll- mov's letter Is one of a small flood. The flood has come in response to reports In this 'on thousands of Soviet citi- zens who have risked their lives to escape to what they wrongly sup- posed was freedom. Engineer Kllmov Is apparently a man with a Slavic sense of drama. "I he writes, as translated from the Kusslan, "because of my antlcommunlst convictions. My first words were: "The world has been broken into two camps. I have come where I belong.'" Evidently Klimov expected a warm welcome, not only because of his ideological convictions but also because he could obviously be of practical use to the Americans. He- was mistaken. Kllmov writes, "I had the op- portunity to establish for the Ameri- can Intelligence valuable channels for the receipt of secret information from Marshal Sokolovsky's head- quarters." But, he writes, "not the slightest attempt was made to uti- lize" his Information. INTSEAD, HE was questioned only by the American Counter-intelli- gence corps, and "only from one as- pect: Wasn't I a Kiimov made the initial mistake of admitting that he "had finished the VDAGKA military diplomatic academy of the general staff of the red army." This admission apparently finished him, because, as he writes, "this academy prepared personnel for the Soviet (Continued on Face 5, Column 5.) ALSOPS Train Romance Blooms Into Iowa Wedding Council Bluffs, Iowa Love that bloomed across the aisle of a train culminated in marriage yesterday. Marine Corporal Floyd H. Sl- monls, 23, of Milwaukee, and Mary Ella Taunt. 19. Flint, Mich., were complete strangers when they sat down across the aisle from each other. Simonls admitted that he didn't cross the aisle until Wednesday. But by Thursday night, when the train stopped in Omaha, the couple got off with plans to be married there. When Simonis crossed the aisle, said Miss Taunt, "I'd already j made up my mind to say yes if he asked me to marry him." "We did most of the talking! with our Simonis explained. Miss Taunt's age changed their plans for marriage in Nebraska, because she is not.yet 21, and she would need her parents' per- mission for the marriage. In Iowa, across the river, age of consent is 18. Today, the newlyweds plan to go on to toe bride's home in Flint. Then, Simonis said, he will take his bride to his mother's home In Milwaukee, before returning to Marine duty at Moffett Field, San Jose, Calif, Army Captain Wounded on Korean Patrol in store for the nation, O'Mahoney said. Hearings over, the committee goes to work on a report analyzing the economic recommendations made to Congress by Mr. Truman. It hopes to have it ready by March 1. The President asked for a series of broad peacetime powers, includ- ing price, wage and materials allo- cation controls, to maintain full production and employment. O'Mahoney said he reached his conclusion about Inflation prospects after weighing the effect of "expen- ditures of the government and pro- jected expenditures of industry." They create a demand, he said, which tends to push up prices. Business Opposes At hearings before O'Mahoney's committee business leaders opposed government controls. Instead of steadying the economy, the business- men said, they might have an oppo- site effect: confidence. But labor and farm leaders gen- erally favored government steps to Undermining business prevent boom and bust tendencies. There was wide disagreement at the hearings on whether recent price Seoul An American Army j declines herald a continuing down- captain was wounded seriously by [trend in living costs or whether In- er that the United States cannot rlre today while flying along nation will come back bigger than go to war until Congress says so. j tne border between North and South ever. Acheson's associates reported j Korea. that he felt some progress had been made in his talk with the sen ators. They said he pleased" and saw in fresh indications that difference of opinion over thej pact's objectives. The meeting gave 11 of the 13 The U. S. Army reported ten shots were fired at his small plane a few no tions commission on Korea Ithe border. The captain was hit in the leg committee members their firstjand stomach. The Army withheld look at the wording of the proposed I identification until his relatives are agreement. They were told that it I notified. It was learned reliably, was "top secret" and were cau- however, that he is Captain Keith tioned against talking about it. Without disclosing what went on, A. French, Rosebud, Texas. The Army reported that the cap- Lodge told reporters he landed the plane on a strip Acheson must have been "encour- aged" by the reception given the proposal. Chairman Connally who with Senator Vandenberg (R.- Mlch.) has been kept informed about toe treaty there was no agreement reached! by toe committee on the wording Tucker submitted by Acheson. The knottiest problem faced by Acheson has been to offer as much security as possible to toe western European nations without making any advance commitment for this country to go to war. Connally said he expects toe final form of toe agreement to be "sub- stantially" the same as that laid i before toe committee by Acheson -provided Canada, Great Britain, (France, Belgium, toe Netherlands near Kaesong, was given emergency treatment and then. was flown to an Army hospital near Seoul. An Army spokesman said the cap- tain was on a routine reconnais- sance flight. land Luxembourg able. find it accept- Reshuffles Directors For instance, Phillip.Reed, presi- dent of General Electric Company, said he is convinced living costs have "passed their peak" and the inflationary trend has But CJ.O. Secretary-Treasurer James B. Carey contended costs have declined only slightly from an all-time peak and there is no guar- antee they'll continue down. Unemployed Amid all the disagreement among the experts on where the economy is going, the government's top labor statistician reported that unemploy- ment has reached But Commissioner Ewan Clague of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, In giving this estimate, said he sees no cause for worry unless the figure reaches and stays there. Only a few months ago the un- employed figure was a mere Ralph Robey, economist for the National Association of Manufac- turers, told O'Mahoney's committee that economists simply can't be Chicago Tucker Corpora- tnat economists simpiy can t oe on the new automobile firm ke certain in economic 11____j j.__.. tion, by organization and financial trou- bles, today announced a sweeping reshuffle of its board of directors. For the first time in almost two months the Labor department's Preston Tucker, Jr., remains as wholesale price index rose yesterday. president of the firm, along with two other members of the former seven-man board. Four members resigned. Twelve new members have been named, all of them Tucker dealers or distributors. Week after week since Christmas the index had been steadily inching downward. But on Wall Street, prices dipped slightly after a day which was mark- ed, reports said, by "indecision." NOTICE OF PRICE INCREASE Effective Monday, February 21, the carrier delivered price of The Winona Republican-Herald will be advanced to 30c PER WEEK (In weeks when only 5 papers are published the price will be 25c) The new rate will apply on all carrier delivered papers in Winona and outside. The price of 30 cents per week has been in effect in Eau Claire, Mankato, Albert Lea, Austin and La Crosse for some time and is currently charged in most Wis- consin cities. The principal costs of producing a newspaper newsprint and payroll. Newsprint is now per ton, up 98 per cent in the last six years. Payroll has risen 128 per cent in the last six years and in 1948 was up 59 per cent over 1946. 1949 figures will be sharply higher than they were last year, and printing equipment, supplies and services are double and more, also. It is therefore very clear why this increase in price is imperative. Provision has been made for additional pay for your carrier boy. are Heavy Snows May Assure Good Yields Lush Foraging Assured Stock Surviving Winter The West's heavy" snows have been bitter medicine for livestock, but It may do a world of good for this year's crops. And, the experts say, cattle and sheep which emerge gaunt and bony from winter's rigors should find lush foraging. Grasses and hay should thrive on ample soil mois- ture from the snows. The pasture prospects were poor in many graz- ing areas after last fall's drought. And lack of snow this winter would have left skimpy grazing this spring and summer. A survey of states most affected by the severe snow and cold show- ed little worry about next season's prospects for wheat and other grain crops which are grown pre- Soviet Marks Danger Zones, Bans Public n dominantly in The chief the plains, worries are that freezes of long duration may come after the thaw sets in, and that floods may be so extensive this spring that large acreages of fall- seeded grains may be drowned or washed away. An extremely wet spring would delay planting of com and other crops, too. Gradual Melting Needed Ice sheets on the ground after crops have sprouted could kill off young grains in a few days. There Is some concern now over the el- fect of ice beneath Southern Min- nesota snow on the legume crop there. Gradual melting of the snow would have the best effect on soil moisture reserves, the state crop experts say. But, in some of the more southerly areas of the plains, surface and sub-soil water is al- ready ample. This is the case In Oklahoma. Most of Missouri and Kansas also have a good start. The heavy mountain snows are good news for such states as Utah and Colorado which benefit from the slow runoff of the thick, high altitude snow deposits. ,A Utah ob- server said excellent grazing con- ditions should develop there. In Colorado, where a record acres of winter wheat have been seeded, development prospects were reported fine. Mountain States Benefit Mrs. Gladys O'Brien, right, mother of little Margaret O'Brien, center, screen star, and Don Sylvio, left, orchestra leader of Palm Beach, and Hollywood, announced plans in Palm Beach to be married there. Margaret was nore too happy about the announce- ment, according to toe girl's mother. "She wants me to wait until she is Mrs. O'Brien stated. Margaret, who is 12 years old, is expected to take part in the wedding ceremony. Wlrephoto.) Rankin Sef to Force House Vote on Bonus By William F. Arbogast Washington (IF} A new and bitterly-contested House rule back- fired today on the Democratic leadership as Representative Rankin (D.-Miss.) announced plans to force a vote on a veterans' pension bill. The rule was designed to prevent Republicans and southern Demo- crats on the rules committee from teaming up to sidetrack administra- tion bills. But Rankin, a leader of the Dixie Democrats, said he will use it to bring his much-disputed pension bill before the House on March 14. The House leadership dcss not want the. multi-billion dollar meas- ure considered at this time be- cause the administration considers it much too expensive. Truman Opposes Plan President Truman underlined that late yesterday while chatting with officials of the Veterans of Foreign Wars an organization Crash Kills 14 which is backing toe pension plan. Coventry, He reminded them that there are j persons, including three Americans, "certain limits" beyond which! pertsaed wnen an RAF train- f'lnanCeS b6N Plane and a Brltlsh alr111 The President, himself a V.F.W.J collided and crashed in flames near member, had told a gathering of veterans and congressmen The mountain surfeit of snow day night that it is important to also assures full reservoirs for out veter heavily on stored water. There'll bej here. British .European Airways said toe Americans were among six passengers who died with four crew members of one of their Dakota i twin-engined planes, en route from plenty of water to operate the hy-l But Rankin stuck to his to Renfrew, Scotland. The dro-electric plants which supply! He formally asked toe ministry said four R.A.F. men mnst West cnast nower. !mittee to send toe Dill to tne
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