Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 10, 1949, Winona, Minnesota CITY PRIMARY ELECTION MONDAY, FEB. 14 ITS YOUR RIGHT AND YOUR DUTY TO VOTE VOLUME 48, NO. 302 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY TO, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Sweden Hesitates on ew Pact Case Blot Against Hungary, Truman Says Mindszenty Case Due for U.N. Airing Formal Complaint May Be Filed Against Hungary Tru- man today denounced Hungary's treatment or Josef cardinal Minds- zenty as "Infamous." He described the treason trial of the cardinal as a kangaroo court proceeding which will go down to history as a blot against the nation which carried It on. Mr. Truman went on to say at his news conference that the matter of whether It was In violation of Hun- gary's treaties Is being Investigated and a report is to be made to him on that point. The President gave reporters per- mission to quite directly his use of the word "Infamous." A reporter asked whether a break In relations with Hungary Is under study. The President made It clear ho didn't say that. American officials see the whole affair as one which will bring a new clash between Russia and the west- ern powers. Hearing Before U.N. Probable v By Max Harrelson Lake Success United Na- tions officials are convinced the case of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty soon will be brought before the U.N. for a full airing. The main questions, they said to- day are which country will file the formal complaint against Hung- ary and which agency of the TJ.N, will get the case. These officials expressed belief privately that some other country would act If the United States did not take the lead. The case was Injected Into a dis- cussion In the economic and social council yesterday In an Indirect way when Peruvian Delegate. Jorge Fer- nandez Stoll suggested the Minds- zenty trial be recorded In the human rights yearbook. This brought quick from Polish Delegate Julius -.Bfatz- suchy. He asked whether trial of the 11 communist leaders In New York also would be recorded in the volume. No action was required, since the Peruvian suggestion was not put as a formal motion. The trial also has been brought to the attention of the human rights commission. U.N. officials said they had received betsveen and letters and telegrams on the subject and sent them all to the commission on a confidential basis. The security council met at 3 p. m. today to resume debate on the question of world arras reduc- tions. Russia demanded Tuesday that the five big powers publish by March 31 complete figures on the armaments, including the number of atomic bombs, they have. Cardinal Verdict Approved in Moscow Moscow The verdict of a Hungarian people's court sentencing Josef Cardinal Mindszenty to life Imprisonment was approved here to- day. Konsomol Pravda. organ of the young communists, said sections of the foreign press sought to distort the trial by slander and misinforma- tion. This was the first press reac- tion here to the sentence. The newspaper added "however, broad publicity given the trial and Mindszenty's confession, which he was obliged to make under the weight of evidence, exposed the falsifiers." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Fair and somewhat colder tonight; Low Russian Spy Ring Looted Jap Cabinet Secrets, Army Says Ito Ritsu Master Russ Spy Fooled Premier Tojo By Tom Lambert Tokyo Wartime Premier Hideki Tojo was so badly fooled by Russia's master spy. in Japan that he at first tried to save him from the hangman, it was disclosed today. The story came out after the U. S. Army in Washington released a-re- port on the communist spy ring, which spun Its web about Japanese, German, American and sources. Supernetwork Tipped Off Reds On Nazi Attack By Douglas B. Cornell Washington The Army un- folded today the sensational story of a Russian spy ring that looted the Japanese cabinet and embassy in Tokyo of secrets that helped turn the tide of war. The super-network tipped Rus- sia that Germany would attack her and that Japan would not. It "probably" was the best and boldest ring In all history. The Army says so in a re- port on what made it tick. General Douglas MacArthur sent the report over from Tokyo. Most of the ringleaders are dead. The master spy was a German, Dr. Richard Sorge. His first lieutenant was a Japanese traitor, Hozumi Ozakl. Both hid their spying under the cloak of newspaper assignments. I They were hanged. The report says an American author, Agnes Smedley, operated in Shanghai and "is a spy and agent of the Soviet government." This "case study in international espionage in the Far East" reads like an oriental serial from Holly- wood. It even has the crime doesn't-pay ending with a novel twist: The man who unknowingly be- trayed the Py chain now is one of Japan's top communists. The report says that: The Japanese smashed the ring almost by accident, just before Pearl Harbor in 1941. Top Secret Taken By then it had picked off the secret it wanted most assurance that Japan would not jump Russia, That let the reds rush troops across Siberia to halt the German drive on Moscow. Information from the ring was of "incalculable" value and cost al- most nothing. Three Japanese who used to live in America were in the ring, one at the top level. The ring knew the trend of Japanese-American negotiations in the critical summer and fall of 1941. It had an "in" with Japan's Premier Konoe. But there is no hint it got a tip on the Pearl Harbor raid. Some second-hand information leaked from the American embassy in Tokyo. An American diplomat at Harbin, Manchuria, Vice-Consul Tycho L, Lllliestrom, let two Soviet agents stay at his home and one set up an illegal radio station, the report Two Sentenced To Hang for Killing Gandhi Five Others Convicted in Plot Get Life Term By Marc Purdue New Delhi (jP> Naravyan Godse and Narayan Apte, editor and publisher of a small Poona newspaper, today were sentenced to die on the gallows for the as- sassination of Mohandas K. Gand- hi. Five of the eight defendants were given life sentences. The aged poli- tician, V, D. Savarkar, who had been, described by the prosecution as the brains of the plot against Gandhi's life, was acquitted. R. Badge, a ninth man arrested in trie plot, turned state's evidence and was released at the end of the proceedings. The sentences for the slaying of the 78-year-old Hindu spiritual and political leader on January 30, 1948 were pronounced In the heavily guarded courtroom of Delhi's old red fort by Special Judge Atma Charan at the conclusion of an eight-month trial. The defendants came into the crowded courtroom laughing and Joking. When led from .the room after the sentences were pronounced they began shouting, with Godse's voice sounding above the others, 'We Will Conquer Pakistan. Long Live Hindustan." Then they broke into loud laughter. Others Given Life Sentenced to life imprisonment were: Vishnu Karkare, hotel keeper at Ahmednagar. Lai, Punjab refugee who admitted setting off a bomb at ten days says. That was in 1929. At that time, an earlier and probably bigger ring was at work in China. But it was far less spec- There is nothing in the report about any tie-in with Soviet espion- ,age in this country. But one name in the report appears rather ob- scurely in still-secret testimony taken last year at the spy hearings of the House un-American activl- The ring's major coups were a British! ties committee. Little ICnown of Ring Japan released only the barest details about the ring and the warning to Moscow in 1941 that j trials and convictions of 17 people Germany was about to attack Rus- at the time. The U. S, Army found sia and that Japan would about after occupation i rrvrPft Tnrvupn In southward, instead of at Siberia. Two Japanese now purged from moved in. Many of the minor figures in the ng were released as political pri- ofTice told how the master spyjsoners. The Army report indicates Richard Sorge, a German maybe that wouldn't happen if 'the Americans had it to do nist posing as a nazi, hoodwinked m M that tlme_ lt said> Tojo. .-..._ They are Mitsusaburo Tamazawa, in the city and -10 in'the rural'former Tokyo procurator (district Japanesejmghtjater work against areas. Friday increasing cloudiness'attorney) who persuaded Sorge to and warmer; highest in the after- confess and Talzo Ota, former of- noon 32. Increasing winds. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 27; minimum, noon, 12; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Bemidji 5 Chicago 31 23 Denver 36 18 Des Moines 35 2 Duluth 14 International Falls 3 Kansas City 43 15 Los Angeles....... 66 38 Miami 77 72 Mpls.-St. Paul 20 1 New Orleans...... 80 57 New York......... 60 33 Seattle 45 42 Phoenix 61 30 Washington....... 63 42 Winnipeg 9 1. ficial in the ministry of justice who handled documents in the case. Sorge was arrested and his spy ring smashed just before Pearl Har- bor. The former officials said that Tojo was surprised when notified of Sorge's arrest. After all Sorge was a press attache in the German em- bassy and was supposed to be a good nazi. Tojo sent word that a good nazi, over few people had the idea that "a Soviet spy who had worked against the the United States. Wisconsin Youngster Expert Safe Opener Rhinelander, Wls. A Tom Thumb edition of Jimmy Valentine has shown police a thing or two about opening safes. Three youngsters came under scru- tiny when their teachers told off- icers they were displaying too much money and disposing of too much as Sorge was, could never be a candy. Russian spy. He asked that he be I The boys one nine and the released. j other two ten years old told The two Informants said Tojo police they had taken money from quickly changed his mind when he was given proof that Sorge had been sending Japan's most closely- guarded secrets to the Kremlin. Sorge and his top lieutenant, a Japanese traitor named Hozumi Ozaki, were hanged. Two others died in prison and 13 others drew prison sentences. a church safe. The nine year old claimed he had opened the safe. After church officials checked and found missing, the amazed police wanted to see the young cracksman operate again. He did it easily. The boys, who spent of then- loot, will appear in juvenile court, j Gappell to Direct Y.MCA Building Fund Campaign John D. Tearse Murray Plans Milk Support Price Probe By Richard P. Powers Washington Representa- tive Murray (R.-Wls.) said today he wants to find out "whether the Truman administration Is going to continue the run-around policy It has pursued" price. of the chief defendant. Kistayya Shantar, a servant. The judge recommended, however, that Shankar's sentence be com- muted to seven years hard labor. Godse, who was seized on the prayer grounds of Birla mansion here the moment of the assassina-, t sidlary charges besides the actual! Prices accordmg to killing of Gandhi. Before reaching concerning a milk He told a reporter he would try to bring out facts on the matter at a hearing by the agriculture committee an his bill to direct the administration to announce a sup- ice lor milk used factured dairy products. "Up to Murray to the hearing, "the administration has never supported the price of used for manufacturing of products, although during the campaign they told farmers they had a support program. me Wisconsin said the pronouncement of the sentence on the main charge, the judge sen- tenced him to a total of 19 years imprisonment. Apte also was sentenced to 19 years imprisonment on subsidiary charges. Besides his life sentence, Lai was given 25 years for abetting murder. Confessed Killing; Standing erect in a green sweater and the brown scarf, judge listed Godse smiled as the charges on which he was convicted, including illegal possession of firearms and explosives. All the defendants except Shan- kar and Lai were members of the militant Hindu Mahasabha party and of the martial Matoatta race which has been a traditional foe of Moslems for the last 400 years. Savarkar, 65-year-old poet, drama- tist, historian and revolutionary, 1: a former president of Mahasabha. The case against him was largely built on circumstantial evidence of frequent -visits his house. of the plotters to Atomic Bomb Called Size Of Golf Ball Los Air Force officer says the atomic bomb Is the size of a golf ball and is equal to pounds Of T.N.T. Lieutenant Colonel William R. Stark, member of a five-man team from the industrial college of the armed forces, told industrial leaders yesterday: "The atomic bomb, the size of one golf ball, would be, the equivalent of 270 ten-ton T.N.T. bombs, the dam- age of such a bomb comes from three flash heat and radio- activity." He said the atomic bomb's blast is _3 different from other bombs, ex- cept in force but added: "The flash heat can Inflict burns at the distance of three miles." He said radioactivity was respon- sible for ten per cent of the deaths in Japan and "many deaths ascribed xj shock and burns would have oc- curred from radioactivity anyhow." The lieutenant-colonel spoke at a rwo weeks course on economic mo- bilization. J. Bex Chappell Already Subscribed for New Winona Project Appointment of J. Rex Chappell as general chairman of the Winona Y.M.C.A. building fund campaign for was announced today by John D. Tearse, president of the Y.M.C.A. board of directors. A total of has already been subscribed in advance gifts, Mr. Tearse stated, 'and the cam- paign for the remaining will be conducted under Mr. Chap- pell's leadership from February 18 to March 19. Plans for the new building, to be on Winona street be- tween Fourth and Fifth streets, pro- vide for a. two-story brick structure. Ground floor facilities will include the swimming pool; boy's and men's social, game, locker and shower rooms; handball courts, and lobbies, lounges and offices. On the second floor will be the gymnasium, exer- cise room, weight lifting room, ban- quet kitchen, general purpose room and three club rooms. Sheehan Co-Chairman Assisting Mr. Chappell as general co-chairman, will be Frank A. Shee- han. Co-chairmen of the special gifts section are George M. Robert- son and Leo C. La France. In the general gifts section, Ralph E. Leonard and Julian T. Neville will serve as co-chairmen. Gordon R. Closway will be chairman of the naaalasmu atomic bombs the United States Winder will head the speakers bur-i has should be kept secret, President eau as co-chairmen. John .Ambro-1 Truman said today, sen is the YJM.C.A. treasurer andi campaign auditor. Campaign steering committee members include John Ambrosen, A. J. Anderson, Joseph B. Bam- benek, Mr. Chappell, Harold J. Doerer, J. Roland Eddie, Raymond W. Fawcett, John H. Glenn, James A. Henderson, Willard L. Hillyer, Sylvester J. Kryzsko, George R. Little, Joseph E. Mason, A. M. Os- kamp, Mr. Robertson, Francis W.. Truman Wants Atomic Bomb Output Secrecy Washington The number W. Smith, J. Russell Smith, Mr. Tearse, C. Paul Ven- Sawyer, Al A reporter told the President at his news conference that Chairman Lillenthal of the Atomic Energy Commission had suggested tliat this country should tell the world now many atomic bombs it has. Mr. Truman denied that Lilienthal had made any such suggestion and said that he, personally, Is empha- tically not in favor of that. And, he added, significantly, he does not believe it is a matter for public discussion. The President said he had talked and Lilienthal had ables, M. H. White and A. B. You- ans. Drive Three Years After Fire The campaign for funds will open almost three years to the day fromi added he did the winter morning in 1946 when thej what suggestlon nad been old Y.M.C.A. buildtog was destroyed made chalrman McMahon (D.- in one of Winona s most spectacu- 'f at0mic j- 11 nj C v _______________ _ residents Agriculture department has were saved by dramatic rescues around" supporting milk) jrom roofs and windows, many prices before It averages in the price narrowiy escaping death by suf- of bottled milk, sold under or burning. The building marketing agreement prices, along jwas covered by insurance to the with the large amount of milk of goes into manufactured products. "Although the bottled milk has been getting producers from to a hundred pounds, milk going Into manufactured has been bringing as little as a hund- Murray said. "But they average the two to- gether and say that milk is above the support level. That does not help the producer who has to sell his milk to a manufacturing con- :rn. "It is evident that the spirit of the law is not being followed and this hearing will determine it." Commenting on the recent drop in commodity market prices, Mur- ray said "this indicates a lack of confidence in the Truman adminis- tration." "Many agricultural prices are be- low the legal support he con- tinued, "but this condition would not exist if the farm goods had confidence in the admin- istration." Wisconsin Research Division Rebuilding Madison Governor Renne- bohm Is reactivating the depart- mental research division, he told about 40 department heads yester- day. The purpose, he said, is to eliml- Overiarolng of functions and Tel Aviv. harmonious attack upon by Since the fire, the Y.MC.A pro- has been continued under diSlculties under the direction of S. A. Boyd, general secretary, and Howard L. Daniels, program secre- tary. Mr. Boyd retired February 3 and is succeeded by Herbert O. Johnson, formerly executive secretary of the Midway Branch of the St. Paul "Y." Under Mr. Johnson's leader- ship, with Mr. Daniels continuing as physical education director and boys' work secretary, an enlarged program of activities will be launch- ed with the erection of the new building. "The expanded Mr. Tearse remarked, "will be designed to meet our present day needs and to promote clean sports, sane think- ing and right living." Israel Parliament Activities Censored Tel Aviv, regulations reminiscent of the war- time conditions under which the new Jewish state of Israel was carved out still govern the meeting of the first Hebrew parliament. The Feb- ruary 14 to form a permanent gov- ernment and draw up a constitution hold its first meeting in Jeru- salem and subsequent meetings In common problems. headed wmiam Youngj now on absence from tue University Wisconsin. WlSCOHSIH i j Boost Asked Madison The legislature's jint finance committee was asked to increase the conservation com- mission's appropriation for recrea- tional advertising. _ Governor Rennebohin recommend- ed the commission get for the next two years for this pur- pose. H. L. Ashworth of the Wis- :onsin Hotel association and W. O. Wipperman of the state Chamber of Commerce urged the amount be boosted to help swell the state's tourist trade. wick Anderson. But censorship, for security rea- sons, forbids revealing the exact meeting places in those cities. Dr. Chaim Weizmann, president 1 the provisional state council, will speak at the opening Jerusalem ses- sion. The 120 delegates will take their oath of allegiance. Side Bonus on Home Draws Madison Fine Madison, Wis. A Madison real estate dealer was fined in federal court yesterday on a charge of accepting a "side payment" from a veteran in sale of a home. Tom McGovem, 35, pleaded guil- ty to a charge of .causing a Madison bank to make false certification to McMahon at a committee hear- ing suggested that it is time to give new consideration to the ques- tion whether the Information should be made public. He said he had not made up his own mind on the point. Russia has demanded before the the United of the A- Farm Incomes Show Drop, Assets Gain Washington Farm opera tors' net income in 1948 was off two per cent from the year before, but farm assets climbed to an all- time high of an gain. This report came from the Ag- riculture department in a prelim- inary survey of 1948 farm finances. The department said farmers' 'realized net Income" last year Is estimated at as against in 1947. This was the first drop in ten years. Most of this farm income is con- centrated in the Middlewest. Nine of the top 12 farm income states are in that region. Iowa, Illinois, Minnesota, Kansas, Wisconsin, Ne- braska, Indiana, Ohio and Missouri. The department expects to release figures in a few days showing the detailed income received by farm- ers in all states last year. Totals for the first 11 months in- dicated that new peaks to cash Earm receipts will be established in many sections. About half the in- crease in farm assets was accounted '.or by the rise In farm real estate values during 1948. Substantial ad- ditions of machinery and motor ve- licles made up another portion of iie gains. The department said the only major items that declined In worth .ast year were crops held in storage and farmers' bank deposits and currency. It was the first slide in iie latter category since before the war. Farm real estate debt climbed the Veterans' Administration in during the year to reach price of a home purchased by Hart-Jan estimated the Inignest level since 1944. Plans Calls For Assistance When Attacked U. S. Suggests Several Changes In Atlantic Plan Stockholm Sweden, cock- ing an eye lor signs of any Russian I move in Finland, laid down a de- fense policy today aimed at delay- ing any aggressive attack by any power until outside help could ar- rive. Tha principle was announced in a foreign policy debate yesterday. Meanwhile, the Danish parlia- ment was told by Julius Romholt, chairman of the Danish lower house that "In the Idologlcal war we are on the western side." The ambassadors of natloni called on Secretary of State Dean Acheson in Washington yesterday to outline views of their govern- ments on Scandinavian defense. The talks were held in connection with the projected North Atlantic alliance, current bone of contention in the East-West cold war. Sweden, with a, history of 135 years of strict neutrality and peace, has unsuccessfully plugged for Scandinavian defense agreement taking In Denmark and Norway. Norway turned this proposal down on the grounds It wouldn't offer sufficient security. A Norwegian delegation Is now In Washington Investigating the Atlantic pact. Denmark's position has not yet clarified. There were some Indica- tions that, regardless of Swedish opposition to getting tied up with, the Atlantic agreement, Denmark; might follow Norway in joining the Washington discussions where the Atlantic alliance Is being hammered out. The Swedish policy of delaying attack by any aggressor was pre- sented to Sweden's Parliament by Premier Tage Erlaader. He said the government Is pre- pared to Increase Swedish military efforts to make the country's de- fenses so strong that any aggressor would be delayed long enough lor Sweden to turn over vital military bases to another friendly power. He said that had been the Idea behind the proposed Scandinavian pact. But, Erlander said, Sweden should not join any agreement with one group of powers which might be regarding as paving the way for advanced military bases. Changes Proposed in North Atlantic Pact New York The New York Times said today that the United States has proposed to Canada and the Brussels treaty powers that two changes be made in the draft of the North Atlantic security pact. A Washington dispatch by James Reston said the proposals were: 1. "That the treaty should not come into operation until it is rati- fied by all signatories. Previously, the draft had stated that the se- curity obligations would be binding as soon as the treaty was ratified by half of its signatories." 2. "That there should be no di- rect or specific reference to 'military' aid in the pact. Under the wording of the pact as It stood a few days ago, the signatorips would have been obliged to take 'military or other action forthwith' to assist any pact member that had suffered an armed attack." Secretary of State Acheson, the story said, was understood to have told the ambassadors' committee of the North Atlantic pact powers on Tuesday that the two changes would simplify the problem of getting the consent of the senate to ratifica- tion of the treaty, without In any way-weakening the force or intent of the pact. -40 at Bemidji Brings State Coldest Night By The Associated Press Some of the season's coldest wea- ther came to northern Minnesota last night, bringing temperatures of 41 below zero to the International Falls neighborhood and 40 below at Bemidji. Most of the state escaped the full force of the cold wave and part of the southern, portion did not even, lave zero cold. Last night's mini- mum in the Twin Cities was one Rochester had a low of two above zero. Minimum temperatures last night: Big Palls forest ranger station Bemidji Littlefork ranger sta- ;ion Warroad Interna- tional Falls Fergus Falls Alexandria Willmar Du- uth -11, St. Cloud -10. The weather bureau predicted slowly rising temperatures tonight and Friday, with occasional light snow Friday.