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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 25, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 288 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 25, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES Chinese Moving Capital to Canton Working In A Blizzard of hay whipped up by their plane's slipstream, William Hill, left, and Spen- cer Brown, right, push out bales of hay over a snowbound ranch 65 miles north by northeast of Ely, Nevada. Seventeen Army C-82's, called flying boxcars and used for paratroops, are dropping feed for starving cattle and sheep In eastern snowbound Nevada. This particular drop is being made to a ranch which has been cut off by heavy snow for a month. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Senate Battle On T.-H. Act Repeal Seen Washington A bill to re- peal the Taft-Hartley labor law sped toward stormy Senate action, with aroused Republicans threaten- rewrite the whole measure Hay Flown to Snow-Marooned Cattle By Ed Olsen Ely, TJ. S. Air Force stepped up the "hay lift" today for snow-marooned Nevada move al- ready hailed as "a plumb good deal" by stockmen? With pinpoint precision, the first of the huge flying boxcars dumped their cargoes -of -alfalfa hay to sheep on three ranches in a 200-mile radius yesterday. The results were so suc- cessful that stockmen at all ef- forts would be made to make direct drops from the air wherever possible. Russian Bloc Forms Own Marshall Plan Soviet Leaves Door Open to Finland to Join By Eddy Gilmore Moscow Russia and five other eastern European nations have organized a "council of eco- nomic mutual assistance" obvi- ously as an answer to the Marshall plan. A communique issued today an- nouncing the plan said the United States and Britain are "boycotting" the six nations economically be- cause they do not belong to the Marshall plan. In consideration of "these cir- representatives of the Soviet union, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Czechoslo- vakia met in Moscow this month. They "discussed, the question of organization of broader economic j cooperation of the countries of the peoples democracies and the U.S.- SJB." Door to Other Nations (The council appears to be an at- tempt at an eastern counterpart of the organization for European eco- nomic cooperation, the planning body of the Marshall plan nations. This interpretation was strengthen-; ed by a Tass dispatch received in London which said in addition to! stimulating trade, the council's Job; will be to give technical help and; economic experience and give onei another a hand "in regard to raw materials, foodstuffs, machinery and: The council left the door open for other nations to join. on the floor. Eight Democrats on the Senate j seventeen huge C-82 planes from labor committee teamed up against McCord Field, Seattle, were avail- the five committee Republicans i able for the hay lift from Fallen, in yesterday to set a February 10 dead-western Nevada, to Ely, 260 miles I line for winding up hearings on the bill. The Democrats apparently in- tend to replace Taft-Hartley with an "Improved" Wagner act all In one step, with hearings starting Friday. One of the out-voted Republicans, Senator Morse of Oregon, who fa- vors Taft-Hartley repeal but only after longer hearings, said the O. O. P. will have its day when the bill goes before the full Senate. "If we are not heard in the he declared, "well be' heard on the Senate floor." Another committee Republican, Senator Taft of Ohio, has said much the same thing. Commenting on the group's action yesterday, Taft said the resolution offered by Sena- tor Pepper "doesn't mean what it says In any respect." He told reporters after the closed to the east. All possible efforts were! made to speed the loading of the planes to keep them all in full eration. Stockmen have predicted that! probably half of cattle in trl-county area, snowbound for weeks, face starvation. The losses among head of sheep are( expected to run even higher if thej Tomah, youths Three Youths Questioned in Tomah Shooting feeding operation Is not a speedy 100 Per Cent Success cen Meat Not Eatable are In custody today as the inquest continues into the fatal shooting of a 60-year-old Tomah salesman. District Attorney William Gleiss of Sparta said the three were held las material witnesses in the death of i Earl Jackson, who was shot to death In the kitchen of his home early yesterday. A coroner's jury, convened by Cor- Federal officials explained to- day that animals which have not been bled immediately after slaughtering cannot be sold for human consumption. Carcasses from the winter ranges can be salvaged for fats. Hides usually are cracked by freezing. oner Maurice J.- Lanham, viewed the body and the scene of the shooting late yesterday and then adjourned for the night. Gleiss quoted Jackson's two sons, James, 21, and Lionel, 20, as saying their father shot himself. He said the sons told him they spent the evening at home entertaining a friend. The friend left and they after mid- went to bed sometime night, they said. About 4 a. m., they told Gleiss, 'Ithey heard a shot and found their San Francisco Cattle illed by storms on western -TIC LU1U ICpLULCiO alLCl Lin. committee meeting that the resolu-j tion is worded to look like the "two- package" approach favored by la- bor: Repeal Taft-Hartley in one bill and amend the Wagner act in another. Double Action Actually, the Ohioan claimed, the measure would accomplish both steps at once. This is the way the first part of! the resolution reads: I United Stockmen's association pres-1 father's body in the kitchen, "It is hereby resolved by commented after yesterday's! committee that the Taft-Hartley j initial operations, j law be repealed and that the Albert Fallon, district graz-! BlomKCSt Hotel Bums tional labor relations act. known added: a plumb good _ the Wagner act, be restored as ill Sorersen owner one! Elomkest, Minn, The Nor- esisted at the time of the enact-1 Aerial droos Brothers hotel was damaged ment Of the Taft-Hnrtley bill asserted- "This isthV i neavuy b-v last the single amendment which con- j 'have gotten stltutes the National Labor Rela-j J flights are tions board as a five-man body." That section of the resolution Iivest0ck industry apparently calls for throwing out ..We saved thousands of sheep to- and a considerable were dubious at Despite Forbidding Weather and slippery roads several hundred farmers and youngsters filled the Red Men's wigwam within half an hour after doors opened at 11 a. m. today for the Minnesota Dairy and Egg Quality show, making a one-day stop here. A cooking school was held to the basement at the same time as ten state agricultural extension workers and dairy and egg specialists explained the educa- tional exhibits in the main auditorium. Shown above is S. B. Cleland, extension farm management spe- cialist from University Farm, discussing features of a free run style barn as compared to the old stanchion barn. Several thousand visitors were expected at the display, which moves to Caledonia Wed- nesday Repnbllesn-Herald photo Crash Kills 7 Berlin Airlift Passengers Finland, which did not participate] R.A.F. twin-en- In the Marshall plan, obviously can, tae plane ioaded wlth apply for membership in the new and sick evacuee3 from group. (A portion of this dispatch Is miss- tag at this point, possibly because of Soviet censorship.) Berlin crashed last night near Schoenberg, in the Russian zone. The Russian controlled news agency A.D.N. said eight persons, sentatives met in Moscow to set up the council. The six countries in the council already have extensive trade rela- tions among themselves and during recent weeks have signed many agreements to step up their trade even further. Trade with Yugoslavia has de- creased by seven-eighths recently. Russia has blamed that on the "unfriendly attitude" of Premier Marshal Tito's regime. The communique said the coun- cil will make no decision without the agreement of the country con- cerned in such a decision. This means a majority of members of the council cannot impose a de- cision on a nation concerned. What the immediate effects of the] Russian move might' be were not clear. Russia's recent agreements with the eastern European satellites calling for increased trade obviously fit into the plan but there is no in- jured was not reported by A.D.N. Unofficial reports from Germans in the area said seven or eight per- sons were killed and 17 or 18 in- jured. I It was believed to be the worst] crash in the history of the seven- month old Berlin airlift. The 24 passengers were being flown from Berlin to western Gsr- many to escape the hardships of the Russian-blockaded city. A British crew of three was aboard. British authorities, with only scant details from Russia and Ger- man rescue teams, awaited per- mission from the Russians in Meck- lenburg to investigate. Heart Ailment Fatal To Senate Chaplain of directions" "inl Washington -m-Jne Rev. Peter which the new group might 46-year-old chaplain of Gannon a noai-r It fits in, however, with a move, long anticipated, by the Kremlin to weld the eastern European bloc Into a coordinated economic unit in op- position to the Marshall plan. St. Paul Attorney On Shattuck Board Faribanlt, Minn. Warren families who lived in the elected to the Shattuck i were made homeless. The school's board of trustees. He fills started from an vacancy caused by the death of stove. of Minneapolis. the Senate, died of a heart attack U. S. Aid Falls to Chinese Reds Shanghai About worth of American E.C.A. goods were In Peiping and Tientsin when the two cities were captured by the communists, Economic Corporation administration officials said today. E.C-A. offices there have been in- structed tentatively to try to con- tinue their program, the officials said. Rationing of the existing stocks of food and cotton piece goods Is to proceed as long as they are "used In the interests of the Chinese people." LaCrosseC.1.0. Club Trustee Held For Embezzlement La Crosse, Wis. (IP) Marvin Grimslld, 41, La Crosse, was held under bond today on a charge of embezzling from a social club of which he was a trustee. Grimslid pleaded innocent to the charge before County Judge Roy V. Ahlstrom, who set bond at versity hospital. He was stricken a few hours earlier at his home. The Scottish-born pastor of the New York Avenue Presbyterian church here was named to the Sen- ate post in January, 1947, by Re- publican senators of the 80th Con- gress. His appointment to succeed the Rev. Frederick Brown Harris, a E. Burger, St. Paul attorney, has Methodist minister, stirred up Preliminary hearing was ordered for February 2. Grimslid was arrested last night on complaint of Edwin Groth, pre- sident of Local 396, U.A.W.-CJ.O., a member of the Pioneer Hall asso- :iation. Grimslid was a trustee of the club, operated by C.I.O. mem- bers here. The warrant charge's Grimslid embezzled the amount in cash and during a six-year period from January 1949. 15, 1943, to January 16, charges of "partisan politics" from Democrats who wanted to retain Harris. The latter had been chap- lain since 1942.-. ..improvements" asked by President Truman. However, the second Part bales h f ,hP dropped close enough to isolated to the Senate with such amendment! (Continued on Page 9, Column 3.) or amendments to the Wagner act as the committee may deem wise." Resolution Explained Pepper said the resolution aimed at "keeping faith" on the] Democratic promise of Taft-Hartley repeal during the fall political cam- paign. HAY Stalls Chairman Elbert Thomas (D.- TJtah) said the committee does not in heavy snowfall and freezing weather restrained mil- itary activities throughout Greece today but the general staff reported more than 80 casualties inflicted on need to hold hearings on Taft- Hartley repeal and would like to confine Itself to considering ner act amendments in line with! The army communique said that President Truman's proposals for'in the Peloponnesus, which was certain "improvements." I blanketed by 20 inches of snow, gov- A bill wrapping up Mr. Truman's I ernment troops engaged the commu- labor law recommendations is be- ing completed by a special group headed by Secretary of Labor Tobin. Thomas said that's the measure the committee will take up. Taft said the Republicans re- served the right to move later for an extension'of the committee hear- ings. Senators Smith (R.-N.J.) and Donnell (R.-Mo.) said the commit- tee action was an effort to create nlst rebels in scattered areas, killing 12 and capturing 48. D Prison Population Passes 900 Mark Stillwater, popu- lation of the state prison has passed the 900 mark for the first time in more than two years. With-' the impression that "the Democraticjin the last 12 months it has climbed party is the pro-labor party and about 830 to more than 900. Republicans the reverse." I Members Of The Jewish War Veterans hold a swastika, left, as they picket Carnegie Hall at New York city last night protesting a scheduled concert by Walter Gieseking, German pianist. Picket- Ing was orderly except for one minor flurry, right, between a couple of onlookers. The concert was canceled when Gieseking was seized by Immigration officers who announced that the pianist would leave the U. S. voluntarily today. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Global Aid May Cost U.S. Billion Dollars By John Scall officials said today that economic surveys already under way in eight foreign countries will fit Into the "Truman plan" for developing the world's backward areas. The results of these studies, they said, will help determine what kind of outside assistance, if any, these countries need. The global assistance plan means Congress perhaps will be asked for to finance it, the of- ficials said. The detailed surveys In the eight countries were arranged before President Truman, last Thursday, proclaimed his "bold, new program" to better living conditions in un- derdeveloped countries. Officials told a reporter the con- clusion reached in these surveys would form part of the administra- tion's plan of action. Prospects in Turkey, Peru, India and Colombia are being looked into at present by separate world bank missions, on the scene. A United Nations group is Investi- gating in Haiti and other commis- sions are examining the industrial possibilities in Brazil, Iran and Liberia, Comprehensive surveys of other countries will be undertaken later, said the after administra- tion planners put Mr. Truman's words into a specific policy. No detailed program for doing this exists now. But State depart- ment officials, as a result of the President's speech, have begun to draw up a "plan of action" embody- ing the principles he laid down. One likely course of action being discussed by top planners is to ask Congress for the to be available' to the U. S. Export-Im- Government Officials Flee From Nanking Announcement Follows Red Peace Feelers Nanking A Chinese for- eign office spokesman notified world embassies today that the seat of the government was moving southward, presumably to Canton. The destination of the govern- ment was not given in the an- nouncement, made a few after the communist radio broad- cast the reds were willing to meet nationalist peace envoys In Peiping. The note followed the failure of the government to get the emoassies to move southward when they were notified on January 19 that certain ministries would be moved to Can- ton. The formal notice of the govern- ment's move was regarded as a further effort In that direction. One official source said the timetable for completing the move would run to about the middle of February. Ready to Meet Envoys The red radio broadcast Its offer to meet the peace envoys of the government as communist reached the opposite bank of the Yangtze river. A radio spokesman for the com- munists said the talks could be held in Peiping as soon as that ancient North China city, taken Saturday by the reds, "Is completely liber- ated." He said acting President LI Tsung-Jen's five-man peace dele- gation was acceptable to the com- munists except for one member, Peng Shao-hsien. Peng was identi- fied by the red broadcast a member of the strong rightist clique of the Kuomlntang (Govern- ment) party. Eight-Point Peace Plan The red spokesman listed ''cer- tain conditions" to which the gov- ernment must agree for the peace talks to be held. Among them were the eight points laid down by Com- munist Leader Mao Tze-tung on January 14. LI already has said would accept them and they mean virtually total surrender. The radio spokesman said the communist "war criminal" list, an- nounced after Chiang Kai-shek'i Edward Arnold's Wife Enters Suit Los Olive Am- port bank. The bank would make oJd's separate maintenance suit al-i loans to foreign countries promis- fog t0 jom in a coordinated plan to develop their resources. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS vicinity: Mostly leges that'her actor husband, Ed- ward Arnold, "engaged In amorous pursuits" with an unidentified Riv- erside, Calif., woman, at least once at the Arnold ranch in San Ber- nardino county. 11 It says the Riverside woman calls Arnold "Daddy" and he calls her also that since the Arnolds separated he and the other woman have had many meetings. The complaint was filed yester- day. Mrs. Arnold, who was Olive Emerson, and the actor have been married since January 15, 1929. She asked a month, for legal fees and equitable division of community property. O. M. Peterson Dead at Albert Lea Albert Lea, Minn. Otto M. Peterson, former member of the state house of representatives and the University of Minnesota board Winona and cloudy tonight Wednesday. Wanner Wednesday. Low tonight 12; high Wednesday 25. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 17; minimum 7; noon, 15; precipitation, trace of snow; sun sets .tonight at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota, Tempera- tures will average near normal. Nor- mal minimum four below north, 15 south. Normal maximum 16 north to 35 south, beginning below normal Wednesday, warmer Thursday, cold- er Friday and warmer Saturday. Pre- cipitation will average one-tenth inch north to one-quarter inch of regents, died tpday. He was 72 south, occurring as snow north and irain south on Saturday and Sunday. years old. Peterson came to Freeborn'co-mtyj m 1897. He engaged to fanning and the nursery business. He became active in the Southern Minnesota Horticultural Society and the Sons Des Moines 19 of Norway. He served as secretary Duluth 25 of the Freeborn county fair board Kansas City.......26 and went to the legislature in 1916- 17. He served two terms on the university board of regents, begin- ning In 1937, under appointment by Former Governor Elmer Benson. Funeral services will be held to- morrow. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Chicago ...........36 25 Denver 4 Los Angeles 55 Miami 76 Mpls.-St. Paul 18 New Orleans 74 New York 47 Seattle Winnipeg..... 3 11 10 42 72 0 64 40 32 17 -8 -25 .08 .04 year-end statement, could not be considered complete. Chiang, now in at least temporary retirement, heads that list. It also includes LI and many other national leaders. The radio response to the govern- ment's offer to send a delegation to talk peace stirred hopes that negotiations could be started soon enough to save Nanking from, bombardment. The capital was being feverishly evacuated by many government of- ficials and citizens. Fear-stricken thousands clogged streets demanding tickets and spaca to the south. Trains were Jammed. Even foot movement around the rail stations was next to impossible. One official source said the gov- ernment would leave "very soon." Various officials said their orders were to get out "by tomorrow at the ivery latest." The main communist body had not reached the opposite bank of the mile wide river. But communist shells could come screaming into the capital at any moment. General peace talk here, at least, was dead publicly. Everybody seem- ed bent on saving his skin and val- uables. The trek south resembled, on much larger scale, the communist flight to the northwest 14 years ago when Chiang Kai-shek drove them out. To the confusion and traffic snarl was added heavy troop movements. Chiang, sitting beside the tombs of his ancestors in Chlkow, was still president, his chief spokesman said. His retirement, the spokesman pointed out, made Li only the acting president because Chiang was not here. That added to the confusion. Many thought now that national- ist China, so hopeful of peace a few days ago, might be heading back to its old feudal days with war lords bickering and fighting for power and taxes. Ex-Marine Sheds Medals, Stays Free Cleveland (ff) little sadly, Walter C. Craine, 54, a World War I Marine private, gave up his galaxy of war medals and his Marine's dress uniform as a condition for staying out of jail. Craine and his wife agreed yes- terday before Federal Judge Paul Jones the "hero" days were over. But, he reminded the Judge, he could still wear the good conduct medal, which he earned. Craine was charged with illegally wearing the medal of honor, the nation's highest military award and one granted by act of Congress. A few minutes after he suspended Craine's sentence of six months in jail and let him off with a warning, 22 Judge Jones fined Pawnbroker Nor- ..jmal Wollinsky, 60, for selling .02'two war medals to Craine.
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