Monday, January 17, 1949

Winona Republican Herald

Location: Winona, Minnesota

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 17, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO, 281 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 17, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Social Security Tax Raise Asked An Unidentified Lineman, atop deep snow which brings tele- phone lines within reach, makes a test call from portable equip- ment while checking lines near Ashby, Neb. The snow piled up during a three-day blizzard last week. (A.P. Wirephoto) High Whip Los Angeles Los temperatures gripped Southern j California for the third week today in the wake of a gale which! uprooted trees, closed mountain roads and smashed plate glass' windows. High winds continued today, but in modified force compared with the 80-mile-an-hour blow which struck Mt. Wilson, near Pasadena, yesterday and 60-mile-an-hour gusts which raked the valleys. Small craft storm warnings were The AlSODS up along more than 250 miles of coastline between San Diego and Pt. Conception. g The Coast Guard resumed search m I m ICTC today in the Point Dume area for a wIlllHUl Il9t9 small motor-powered dory missing since Saturday afternoon with two men aboard. As the northeast winds diminish- ed In some sections last night, tem- peratures dropped. The Weather bureau predicted freezing condi- Nanking Defense Called Hopeless By Observers Nationalists Mass To Defend City From Red Armies By Seymour Topping Nanking W) The Chinese government today massed about troops on a 300-mile front in what neutral military observers described as a hopeless effort to defend Nanking. Communist armies with a total strength of more than troops already are poised north of the Hwai river, 105 miles to the northwest, for a descent to the Yangtze river valley. The government's final abandon- ment of Pengpu and evacuation of towns on Pengpu's flanks have yielded to the reds necessary river crossing areas. Pengpu, anchor of the erstwhile Hwai river defense line, has been outflanked by the reds for a month. Nationalist headquarters were pulled back to Chuhsien, 30 miles northwest of Nanking, as early as December 17. Troops have been fol- lowing since. The movement has been marked by occasional red raids In West Losing Out tions in many agricultural sections. 'colder1 weather was forecast for to- night. Hundreds of motorists were tem- porarily marooned as the wind blew drifts as high as 12 feet on moun- tain roads, where the snow fre- situation of the western European quently turned to ice. Several land- Communist parties. Memories were reported, further ham- short. Few now remember the efforts of scrapers and snow- when the directive of 'the western plows, which reopened most of the By Joseph Alsop Paris The changed situation in Europe is summed up in the changed Youngdahl Bills Submitted More Aid For Aged, Children By Jack B. Mackay St. major planks in Governor Youngdahl's program of "ceilings" on old age assistance and aid to dependent incorporated in bills ready for introduction in the leg- European communists was to retain footholds In the governments; when they were promoting chaos while pretending cooperation, and when an actual communist seizure of power on the Czech pattern seemed far from Impossible In France and Italy. This situation was liquidated when the French roads. However, the highway to Big Bear resort was among those remaining closed. Nearby foothill communities re- ported hundreds of toppled trees and signs, shattered windows and broken electric wire. Verdugo Woodi'.nds and Spar Heights were without power for several hours last night. Police Chief C. J. Brown of Glendale said the blasts, which started Saturday night, caused the most wind-damage there since 1919. The newest storm left hundreds Mai above, Chinese communist leader, demanded abrogation of treaties between China and the United States, and the trial of "war including Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, as two of eight pre- requisites of peace in ChiSa, The demands were made in a Chinese language broadcast heard in Shanghai. (AP. Wire- photo) on the 70-mile stretch of rail be- tween Chuhsien and Pengpu. islature tonight. Senator Hans C. Pedersen, Ruth- t ton, who has sponsored various' old age measures while a member of the house from 1941 to 1947, said he is prepared to "go all the way down the line with the governor" in pressing for enactment of these two measures. He will introduce them when the senate convenes at 8 p. m. The increased cost due to a "no maximum" program for old age as- sistance would be a gross of 000 over and above the current gross load of for the biennium, Jarle Leirfallom, state social wel- fare director, estimated. If the limits are removed to aid to dependent children, Leirfallom estimated, the increase in aid to dependent children would be 000 over the current biennial costs of gross. The present maximum on any in- dividual grant for old age assistance is a month. The limit to a mother and one child, for A.D.C., is a month, plus for a second 'child and for each additional child. Old Age Load The "old age assistance case load now is recipients. There is no limit of grants for medical care, however. At present. persons are receiving medical care expenses In addition to the monthly. Governor Youngdahl, in his in- augural message, recommended re- moval of the maxima and urged assistance be granted "in accordance with the need determined to exist in each case." He pointed out _ _ the aid to the blind program oper-jQfl 3X CS11013165 ates on such a "no-maximum" basis.] The governor said he plans to! urge the legislature, when he dis-j cusses appropriations in Ms budget message next Wednesday, to amine carefully the "prospective needs" that may confront the per- sons depending on old age assist- ance, aid to dependent children, aid to the blind and the state's public relief assistance during the next two years and appropriate suffi- cient funds to permit the welfare director to raise the standards, if needed, to meet further rises in liv- ing costs. Senator Pedersen pointed out that 12 states, In addition to the District of Columbia and Hawaii, have no maximum old age grants. They in- clude California, Idaho, Iowa, Kan- Republican-Herald photo While A Cold Wind blows snow into their faces, a fire hydrant is being thawed, in the picture above, by two Winona water department employes. At left is Herbert Neitzke, assistant street foreman, and Wil- liam Walskl. Temperatures which dipped as low as nine degrees Sunday night froze water which had seeped into the hydrant casing during Saturday's thaw. Workmen used a steam generator to do the job. Presidential Pay Increase, Acheson O. K. Due Today Deadline Tonight sas, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, Perm- Realization of the government's sylvania, Rhode Island and Wash- weak military position is spurring ington. Alaska and four other states active appeals by the general public (Continlied on Page 3 column 1. and official bodies for government action to make a peace settlement with the communists. deleea- LEGISLATURE ed the French election. after the Italian THE AIM OF THIS guerrilla war Hotels Jammed CHINA was the formation of the comin-! last night to rescue motorists stalled j (Continued on Page 4, Column ZJ form, followed by the great general (in an estimated 300 cars west of strikes of the autumn of 1947. These there. were intended to prove that France and Italy could not be governed without communist help. The strikes failed signally. Thereafter the French parties relapsed into a state of perpetual guerrilla warfare, in which the Italian communists joln- Los Angeles A man who is to prevent European recovery the relief train had picked up crippling the Marshall plan. As the i 200 stranded motorists in less than recent French coal strike proved, hours alonS a 20-mile stretch new tactics are not wholly Inef- west nere- The town's six hotels and eight Seven-StOry Fall tourist courts had become Jammed A it and many private homes were tak- Man LlVGS Alter ing in some of the 500 or 600 extra families already there. Snowfalls ranging from 12 inches at Duncan Ariz., to 19 inches at I hotel Saturday night Is still alive A Southern Pacific official said fell seven stories from a downtown fectual. Yet the mere fact that guerrilla war is now the only re- course of the western European The snowfall in the northern Eockies was light but high winds whipped the new and old snow Into drifts and again blocked the Chicago and North Western railroad's line between Casper, Wyo., and Chadron toineom their decline i. om PT In this connection, end of the war, besies enering] Thg snow measured generally process must also be noted. At than three mcnes, (Continued on PSRC 11, .Column 5.) j ALSOPS Mailbag Robbery Army Tightens Rules On G.I. Marriages Frankfurt, Germany The TJ. _ S. Army has said halt to large- prints have been found on a mail- scale marrying of German girls by! bag from which in good and mutilated currency was taken. Holmes said postal Investigators viMi Neb. More than 100 motorists were vital marooned at Lusk Wyo. besides entering] Clues Lacking Wankesha, In- spector E. J. Holmes said no finger- GJ.'s. It has reversed the trend of en- couraging German-American frat- were continuing work on the case, emization by tightening up mar-1 but that no additional clues had riage rules. ]been discovered. Thf bag containing the money was being shipped from here to Chicago. It never arrived at its destination. The empty sack was found Pri- two years. They said authorities! day night by two hunters. Holmes suspected too many German girls; said it was sent to Chicago for pro- were using marriage as a ticket in the hope of finding-fin- get out of Germany. but none turned up. Official explanation was not forthcoming but Army officers and chaplains explained that there had been marriages in the last attendants described Ms condition as critical. Kills 6 U. S. Airmen Loch Goilhead, U. S. Superfortress carrying 20 American airmen home to the States crashed in desolate Succoth Glen today, killing at least six of those aboard. In London, U. S. Third Aid Divi- sion headquarters, which controls 90 superfortresses based in England, confirmed the identity of the crashed ship. is a deadline tonight for many taxpayers. Ordinarily it would have been Saturday January 15 but it was extended until midnight tonight since the original deadline fell on a day when the government closes ,up shop. It's the last chance to file declarations (estimates) on 1948 income or correcting de- clarations filed earlier. For fanners it will be their first contact with 1948 taxes. Farmers whose income exceeded must declare'the amount. In addition to farmers, those who must file estimates or make the final 1948 quarterly payment include doctors, law- yers, persons operating their own businesses and higher- bracket salaried workers whose income taxes are not covered fully by withholding from their pay. And any other taxpayer can get into the game. If he chooses, he can make his final return for last year, but the deadline is not until March 15. Wisconsin Labor Board Overruled Washington The Supreme court today ruled the Wisconsin employment relations board lacks authority to conduct a collective bargaining election among employ- es of the La Crosse Telephone corporation. Justice Douglas BULLETIN today voted President Truman a raise in pay. Only Mr. Truman's signature is necessary to boost his salary from to a year and raise his tax-free annual expense allowance from to pay raise and a new secretary of state for President Truman were ticketed lor quick approval today in Congress buckling down to work after two weeks of getting started. And House Democrats called a meeting to okay their com- mittee assignments .and a shake-up that boots two southern Democrats off the un-American activities committee, and puts on an all-lawyer team. Speaker Rayburn told reporters a bill boosting the presidentia: salary a third, from to a year, would pass the House easily. Then it goes to Mr. Truman for his signature. Senate leaders said they roll up a big vote, too, for Dean Acheson to be secretary 'of state. That, expected tomorrow, will be the first presidential nomination confirmed by the 81st Congress. So far Congress hasn't had much to do because it has lacked legis- lative machinery the committees where bills are worked over, maybe changed and then sent to the floor for a vote. House Keady for Work The delay has been in the House, where the committee problem is bigger. More members and more newcomers had to be taken care of. House' Democrats finished their part of the job Saturday by filling up the un-American activities com- Madison Man 'Stops Music' For Madison, to have lots of company? Try winning a radio quiz program. Marshall Straus, 32, general man- ager of the Straus Printing Com- mittee. Republicans were expected pany, won in prizes on the to take care of their two the Music" program yester- spots on that committee today. within an hour, Straus said, Those in charge of the Demo- cratic picking decided to bounce Representatives Rankln <D.-Miss.) and Hebert That brought ;he vacancies up to four, to be given to Representatives Walter McSweeney Harrison (D.-Va.) and Moulder 50 to 75 friends and neighbors swarmed in to offer congratulations. This, of course, was in addition to Straus, his wife, and four chil- dren, his mother and father and his sister and brother-in-law and their two children, all of whom were delivered theisoon. The legislation at hand is unanimous ruling which upset a (intended to provide more ammuni- finding by the Wisconsin supreme Ition for the cold war with Russia court. I in the form of economic help for The basis of the high Europe, decision was (1) The telephone) chairman Bloom (D.-N. Y.) of the Tomorrow the House itself has to at his home and whooping It up approve both Democratic and G.O.P.iwhen the telephone call came. committee line-ups., Then Congress will be all set to operate for the next two years. The first major hearings on legis- ation are supposed to get going company is engaged In Interstate 1 commerce, and (2) The telephone (industry is one over which the Na- tional Labor Relations board has consistently exercised jurisdiction. On grounds there had not been fair trial, the court today set House foreign affairs committee wants to start the hearings a week from tomorrow. They will deal with Mr. Truman's request for authority to spend another on the Economic Cooperation admin- aside a lower court judgment can-jl. istration in the year beginning July celing the American citizenship of August Klapprott, one-time presi- dent (bund. of the German-American Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., left, Negro communist member of the New York city council; Gus Hall, center, of Cleveland Ohio, state communist chairman, and Henry Winston, right, national organiz- ing secretary, arrive at federal courthouse in New York today where they are among the 12 top communist leaders facing trial. They are charged with conspiracy to organize a party advocating overthrow of the U. S. government by force and violence. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Mae West Still Sick West, veter- an trouper of stage and screen, lay ill today in a Baltimore hotel. Doctors said.the 55-year-old ac- and 50 per cent hike for tress has been suffering from an j them, from to plus "abdominal obstruction" since Sat-1 for expenses, urday. They probably will decide The Senate rushed the bill through 'today whether an operation will be last week by a whopping 68-to-9 But this week, the attention was on presidential pay, top diplomatic posts and, of course, Thursday's inaugural out on the front steps of the capital. If the pay bill is to do Mr. Tru- man any good, it has to become a law before he takes the oath of office Thursday noon. In addition to the raise, the bill would Increase his tax-free expense account from to a year. And while it is at it, Congress Is taking care of the vice-president i necessary. majority. "There was so much noise he said, "I could, hardly talk to the announcer." He said the group was listening to the ABC program when the call was placed for him. He correctly identified the mystery tune as "Kingdom Coming." Straus said he knew the title of the song because "I've always been interested In since I was a kid." He said he plays several instruments and sings with the local Zor Shrine chanters. He also has an airplane and holds a private pilot's license. The first telephone call to reach him after the announcer, Straus said, was from Archie Kimball, au- ditor for Straus' printing firm. Kim- ball, he said, offered to audit his income tax report for him. 'Exercise Snowdrop' Enlivens Germany Darmstadt, Germany Some U. S. troops rolled through sodden German countryside today in "Exercise ma- neuvers. Headquarters troops of the TJ. S. First division headed into Darm- stadt, focal point in a training ma- neuver, to test rapidity of mobiliza- tion in occupied Germany. 8 Billions In Payroll Levy Sought Health, Disability Benefits Would Be Added to Plan By Francis at Le Washington The adminis- tration was reported reliably today as about ready to ask Congress for almost In payroll next year to finance a vastly ex- panded social security program that would Include government pay- ment of doctor bills. This would be more than double the now collected an- nually for the present limited cov- erage old age and survivors Insur- ance and for unemployment pensatlon. Now President Truman Is pro- posing health and disability Insur- ance, and expansion and liberaliza- tion of present old age benefits and unemployment compensations. May Ask 6% Tax The administration is expected to ask for a six per cent social security three per cent to be collected from that part of an em- ployed person's pay up to (this would make the maximum Reorganization Powers Asked Washington President Truman today Mked CongreM to give him permanent author- ity to reorganize the govern- ment. In menage to the legisla- tors, he said he needs the pow- er to shift government agenclM in order to promote "efficient and economical conduct of the public's business." The president emphwrixed: 1. The reorganization legisla- tion "should be permanent ra- ther than temporary." 2. The act should be "com- prehensive in scope; no agency or function of the executive branch should be exempted from Its operation." The Hoover commission re- cently recommended that the power giving the President au- thority to reorganize the govern- ment, subject to congressional veto, be restored. The commis- sion, headed by former President Hoover, is studying ways to Im- prove operations of the govern- ment. Under the President's recom- mendation, reorganization submitted to Congress would be- come effective in 60 unless rejected by both Senate and House. pay envelope tax against a present top of and probably a similar three per cent from his boss' payroll. Later, when the health Insurance program gets in full swing the tax wiU become determina- tion has not been made, but maybe around four per cent each against employe and employer. (Social security taxes now one per cent on that part-of an em- ployed person's Income up to or a top of a year. The em- ployer matches each worker's tax. (Continued on Page 4, Column 4.1 SOCIAL SECURITY Solid Silver Fenders Milan, Finance guards on the Swiss frontier said today they were detaining an American whose automobile has fenders of solid ell- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: partly cloudy and continued cold tonight. Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer, jow tonight 6 in the city, near zero in the country; high Tuesday LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 46; minimum noon 14; precipitation, .31. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 11; minimum 9; noon, 11; precipitation, .03 (one- half inch of sun seta to- night at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min.Prec. Chicago ...........55 21 Denver ............20 1 Des Moines.......33 6 Duluth ............33 6 .0 International Falls 6 Kansas City ......25 9 Angeles .......53 43 tfiami.............75 71 Hinneapolis-St. Paul 20 5 New Orleans ......77 66 tfew York ........53 45 Seattle ............42 37 Phoenix ...........48 '29 Washington........64 47 Winnipeg