Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 11, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 276 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY II, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Truman Members of 38 Committees in House Named Majority Caucus Will Select New Senate Leader By Adolph Johnson St. Paul Speaker John Hartle of the state house of re- presentatives completed organiza- tion of the house today by an- nouncing the makeup of his 38 standing committees. The house now is ready to receive bills and do business. Meanwhile, the senate, which has been completely organized since the second day of the session, faced a reorganization job. Death yesterday of Charles N. Orr, St. Paul, senate majority leader since 1935, forced that body to seek a replacement. Another leader will move up, which probably will require several shifts of committee heads before the job is completed No action Is in prospect until after Senator Orr's funeral at 2 p. m Wednesday. Members of the senate plan to attend In a body. After a short session, the senate adjourned until 10 a. m. Thursday out of re- spect for the senator's memory. Senator Orr's successor as major ity leader will be chosen at a caucus of the majority group, probably after the Thursday session. Among those mentioned for the post are Senators A. R. Johanson of Wheat- on, Archie Miller of Hopkins, 'Ger- ald Mullin of Minneapolis, Gordon Rosemeler of Little Falls and Os- car Swenson of Nicollet. Chairmen Renamed Wherever possible Speaker Hartle renamed house committee chair- men. The fact that he created nine new committees and that a number of men who headed committees last session were defeated or retired, however, resulted In appointment of 22 new chairmen. Hartle named holdovers to head the key committees. They include Representative Roy Dunn, Pelican Rapids, rules; Claude Allen, St. Paul, appropriations; Fred Schwanke, Deerwood, taxes; E. B. Herseth, Kittson county, education; and Fred Memmer, St. Paul, judi- ciary. Last session's chairmen Law- rence Haeg of Robblnsdale, tem- perance and liquor control, and John Kinzer of Cold Spring, labor, agreed to take those "unwanted" posts. Also renamed were George French, Minneapolis, insurance; John How- ard, St. Paul Park, public institu- tions; Thomas Bondhus, Storden, towns and counties; E. J. Wind- miller, Fergus Falls, veterans and military affairs; Howard Ottinger, Chaska, welfare; Lafayette C. Dlx- on. Long Prairie, university; A. F. Oberg, Lindstrom, banking; Robert Lee, Annandale, highways, and Ver- non Welch, Minneapolis, aircraft and airways. Hartle named Howard Lundeen of Minneapolis to replace him (Hartle) as head of the civil ad- ministration committee and Aubrey Dirlam or Redwood Falls to re- Feared These Cars Of The Florida-to-New York Orange Blossom Spe- cial were derailed at Milford, Va., last night. Injuring more than a score of persons. One car, a diner, overturned. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Presidential Pay Plan Up for Action Thursday By John Chadwick bill raising the pay of the President and Vice-president Is headed for Senate approval Thursday. The Senate civil service committee called a closed-door meet- -6sed measwes yesterday. Ing today to consider the would also boost me Patrol iaCTea.se Proposed White House Job to Cost Washington It eventu- ally may cost nearly to eliminate "structural and flro hazards" in the White House. The budget just sent to Con- gress says a request for a appropriation Is expect- ed before the end of the pres- ent fiscal year June 30. Only actually has been appropriated so far. This was spent long ago, but work-is con- tinuing and Congress will be asked to approve the bill. A budget bureau officials said the size of the appropriation to be asked indicates that the ex- ecutive mansion (official for White House) will be almost completely ri built on the in- side. W. E. Reynolds, commissioner of the Public Buildings admin- istration, has announced that the Trumans won't be able to move back to the White House until some time next year. They now are living at Blair house across the street. Reynolds said recently that the foundations of the mansion are in need of replacement or extensive strengthening and the structural condition' is "consid- erably worse" than at first be- lieved. Legislature Work Set Madison, A swift start for the 69th regular session of the Wisconsin legislature- Wednesday appears to be in prospect. Caucuses were called for today by Democratic, and Republican party leaders to organize for the session. In addition, the legislative council put finishing touches on business it has prepared for the assemblymen and senators. The council, which already had drawn 115 bills for consideration soon after the houses are organized, whipped through another score of 6.O.P. Delays Criticism Of Acheson By Jack Bell Washington Republicans laid aside criticism of the Presi- dent's appointment of Dean Ache- son as secretary of state today until the Senate Foreign Relations com- mittee can act. Chairman Connally (D.-Tex.) called the committee together to hear a report from Robert M. Lov- place P. J. E. Peterson, St. retiring undersecretary on gen- as chairman of the agriculture com- mittee. Peterson did not seek re- election to the house. Nine New Committees The nine new committees and their chairmen are; Commerce, manufacturing and retail trade, Howard Rundqulst of Dawson; com- mercial transportation, Arthur Gib- bons of St. Paul: cooperatives, eral world conditions. Connally told a reporter commit- tee members will talk over the Acheson appointment informally and may set a date for hearings at which Acheson and James E. Webb, named the new undersecretary, will testify. At the same time, Senator Wherry ofebra ka prevention, Louis Hill, St. Paul; drainage and soil conservation, James O'Brien. Stillwater: game and fish, Carl O. Wegner, Minneapolis; markets and marketing.CARL E. BURTNESS OF CALEDONIA: pub- lic, domain, Leonard Dickinson, Bemidji, and state and county fairs, Wllhelm Holm, Tyler. Hill was chairman of the i apportionment committee two years ago and Dickinson headed the elections committee. Hartle named 4. L. Bergerud to head reappor- tionment and Thomas OMalley, Duluth to be chairman of the elec- tions committee this session. Other New Chairmen Other new committee chairmen are Arthur F. Walbel, New trim, claims, replacing Lundeen; Will Nelson, Tracy, communications, re- placing Joe Lorentz, Wadena, who was defeated; August Mueller, Ar- lington, dairy products and live- stocks, replacing Joe Daun, St. Peter, who did not run; Arthur Gillen, South compensation, St. Paul, replacing employes' Fred W. Amoldt, Janesville, who was de- feated; S. Halvorson, Worthington, engrossment and enrollment, re- placing Henry F. Miner, Kilkenny, who was defeated; George Matchan. Minneapolis, general legislation, re- placing Walter Rogosheske, Sauk Rapids, who was defeated; E. R. Ilstrup, Buffalo, health, replacing the late Ben D. Hughes, Mankato; John Nordin. Columbia Heights, motor vehicles, replacing A. L. Boze, Detroit Lakes, who was de- feated, and Emil Ernst, Lester Prairie, municipal affairs, replac- ing John A. Johnson, Preston, who was elected to the Senate. floor lead- Acheson se- salaries of other top officials. Without mentioning his own pay, President Truman yesterday urged speed In raising the income of high government executives. He wrote Senator McKeUar the It recommended for introduction controversial measure of- fered by a subcommittee which only Senate's president pro tempore, that troduce only business is outbidding the govern- grant ment for "able men." But while Senate Republicans de- cided at a policy conference yester- day that they would not oppose In- creasing the the President and the vice-president, Chairman Taft (Ohio) said objections were raised to quick action on other pay raises. The bill under consideration would boost the President's salary to and give him an additional tax-exempt expense al- lowance of More for Speaker The pay of the vice-president and the speaker would be raised to '000, and each would receive would Increase the state police pa- trol force from 50 to 225 men. The committee also voted to In- a bill which would conservation com- mission power to introduce a con- trolled deer hunting program. It would call for designation of certain areas open to hunters and place a limit on number of deer hunting li- censes issued. A program of housing legislation, submitted to the council by the I veterans' housing authority, was considered by the 12-member group but no action was taken on It. The program was supported by veterans' .organizations and would replace the 1947 law declared un- constitutional by the state supreme court. It would grant state funds for 15 per cent of development cost to local veterans' housing authorities veerans ousg auo expense allowances They now get they capitalize ten per a salary of The speaker _" verely in the past, predicted Re- publicans will wait until after these hearings to decide their course. Chairman' Taft (Ohio) said the Senate Republican policy committee probably will decide after the For- eign Relations committee acts whether to make any party fight on! the nominee. Democratic lieutenants said, meanwhile, that a check of their members indicates none Is likely to oppose confirmation. If most of the Senate's 54 Democrats stick to- has a expense allowance; the vice-president receives none. In addition, the measure would boost the salaries of 222 other top officials and give raises of a year to federal employes pass- bill last year. Over-all annual cost of the pay hikes would be Mr. Truman and Vice-Presldent- Elect Barkley will be barred by the Constitution from a pay raise un- less the legislation is passed before they are inaugurated January 20. Representative Rayburn (D.Tex- apparently will be denied any increase during his present two-year term since he already has been elect- ed speaker. Taft said that while Senate Re- publicans are willing to go along with pay raises for the President cent, grant ten per cent state funds to veterans' housing cooperatives, lend up to to individual home-building veterans on easy terms on homes up to The measure would be predicated on ap- proval this amendment senates ot uemocrawi suuo. 10- gether. Republican opposition! and We doubt the couldn't stop the nomination. Most of the Republicans concede need of rushing these other pay increases through before January that Acheson will get approval and) Senator Vandenberg (R.-MIch.) was I reported cautioning his colleagues against making any fight that might impair Acheson's usefulness as sec- retary of state to critical negotia- tions ahead. Vandenberg apparently was not enthusiastic about the President's choice, but willing to accept him and work with1 him if Acheson gets a clean bill in the hearings to come. In another demonstration of bi- partisan foreign policy, President Truman and John Foster Dulles, Re- publican foreign affairs leader, talked for 30 minutes at the White House yesterday. Lovett's closed session of the aimed at Bringing members up to date on the state of a troubled world. Some members said they expected an outline of the progress that has seen made to talks with western European nations on the proposed North Atlantic security pact. _ t Mr. Truman mentioned that in his letter to Me-' Kellar. He said the heads of execu- tive agencies have not had a pay boost for many years and the re- sult has been "an impaired govern- ment service" and "a serious threat to the efficiency of government." To Bring Up Bill Thursday It will be up to the civil service committee to decide .whether to push ahead with the entire bill or to split off the proposed increases for the President and vice-president and recommend action on them first. Senator Barkley of Kentucky, continuing as majority leader until his inauguration as vice-president, said the Democrats hope to bring up "the bill Thursday. A Senate subcommittee of the Re- publican-controlled' 80th Congress held hearings on the legislation to mid-December. Senator Flanders chairman of the group, joined Senators Lucas O'Connor and Baldwin In introducing the bilL WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy tonight and Wednesday with occasional light snow. No important temperature change. Low tonight 20 In the city, 15 In the country; high Wednesday 25. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12-m. today: Maximum, 26; minimum, 11; noon, 26; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota, Wisconsin: Tempera- tures will average near normal. No decided change in temperatures during period except becoming a little wanner north portion Wed- nesday. Normal maximum 15 north to 32 south normal. 3 below north to 14 south. Precipitation will av- erage one tenth of an inch or less north portion to three-quarters of an -inch south portion occurring as rain or snow south and snow north Wednesday and Thursday and again Saturday or Sunday. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Chicago '36 Denver 6 Des Moines...... 20 Duluth........... 10 75 13 New York 46 Mpls.-St. Paul Seattle 32 Washington 58 Winnipeg 8 31 9 19 1 68 10 38 18 43 -21 .16 .01 Fierce Raging for Force Chinese Hornet's Communist President Truman's budget brake on Ai: Force expansion plans stirred up a congressional hornet's nest Battering Both Democrats and Republicans joined k. i i Truman recommended a minimum 48-combat group Road to in his budget message yesterday. Representative prospective chairman of the House armed services By Harold K. immediately disagreed. Nanking Powerful Chinese communist armies today were reported battering down am thoroughly convinced an overwhelming majority of Congress will vote the funojs to put into being a 70-group Air Force over a period resistance in Tientsin and on or four Vinson northern approaches to Nanking. Fighting north of Nanking was described by returning pilots as is the minimum we must have for security." Senator Tydings chairman of the Senate armed to "heaviest we have seen, any time in China." The battle was being fought about 150 miles northwest of said he didn't think the President's recommendations "ruled out" an ultimate 70-group, force, but Intended to study the matter Post king. The government force is former Suchow garrison, under command of General Tu Li-ming, Truman took the stand that the number and size of planes is James V. For restal said after a talk with Presl ped by the communists a month way to measure Air Truman today that he expect (A communist, broadcast yesterday said the nationalist force had than by the number stay on as secretary of defense Forrestal told White House re "completely wiped out" as a fighting force. The encircled troops, originally numbering men, Secretary of the Air Force Symington, in a report Issued over the he expects to submit hi resignation soon as a matter o routine, but that he does not ex been cut to by reiterated Air Force hopes it to be accepted. estimate groups. The last Congress added, in response to ques (The red broadcast, heard in 66 groups and the Air that he wants to contlnu Francisco by The Associated has reached 60-group his cabinet post and expects t no details (Symington's report so. The government air force had been parachuting supplies to the weeks ago; he has said since he will go along with the said he talked with, th President about proposed change circled troops. But pilots the security act. survivors were so tightly packed Air Force also set a goal said the problem will be deal a narrowing area that they first and second line in if message Mr. Trumai the airmen to call off the air June 30. The President- said send to Congress "in the nex Chennault Offers be cut back to by of three weeks." In Shanghai, Major 700 trainers and 400 planes Claire L. Chennault, retired, types used in support of leader of the "Flying said he Is willing to lead a new American volunteer group for the Chinese forces. The President divided his defense budget almost Sees Hope ernment. He expressed belief the Army, Navy and a group still could be effective If "properly constituted" and supplied. In an interview, Chennault said Senator Gurney (R.-S. D., minority spokesman on the armed DP Doctors tiad Informed President Chiang and former Paul PP) Hope was ex shek that veterans' of the TJ.' S. 14th Air Force which fought in China during the Second World war had volunteered to fight again. this would not permit 70 groups in the 1950 fiscal year, starting next July today displaced physician may find thsir paths to practice it Minnesota eased after a, msetlnf has not replied Chennault said he was not for or In Governor Youngdahl'. Chennault Is operating his, own civil air line in China. groups, although he had supported that figure last year. But he Dr. J. F. Dubois, secretary-treis fin isolated north.' China have and of the state board of medica nists were reported pressing to explore the situation perdicted some agree Tientsin Associated Press would be reached to enablf pondent Spencer Moosa Senators state to use such professiona that telephone reports received and McCarthy (Wis.) Peiping said heavy firing could governor yesterday suggest heard throughout the day in looks to me as though the the D.P. doctors be given hos eastern and western suburbs Is going to compel Congress interneships as a starter. Aftei Tientsin. Communist shells the budget for air, as it did period, they would take ex- falling to the Ferguson asserted. He is If they passed, thej (The government garrison has of the appropriations receive temporary permits fc posed a 24-hour curfew. Even in the state. movement of persons with has been restricted. (A Chinese dispatch said Woman members' of the Tientsin city council who Intended to appeal to the communists to spare the city had Kills After Fall ed red territory but have not Mrs. Minnie Larson beard from De Janeiro, Brazil (IP) died In a Duluth hospital frorr (Meanwhile besieged Peiping, plane of a Brazilian received yesterday in a fal other major nationalist-held city In the state of Rio a second story balcony. north China, remained calm. do Sul today, killing accident occurred about dents were more worried about and nine passengers. m. while she was shaking out i rocketing living costs than the plane was operated by from a balcony at her resi- war, Moosa Brazilian Way to Ease Burden on Low Salaries Sought Payroll Levy May Be Hiked to Widen Benefits By WlUiam F. Arbogast and salary groups appeared likely to- day to escape any general Income tax boosts this year In spite of a record peacetime budget. But there was fairly general agree- ment in both Democratic and Re- publican ranks that If President Truman's spending program for the fiscal year starting July 1 to be followed, someone Is going to have to ante up more money. Also, If his social welfare pro- posals are enacted millions of workers and their employers will have larger payroll taxes. Republicans shouted lor economy. They pointed to the spectre of a deficit formed by the budget the President sent to Congress yester- day. The Democratic heads of Senate and House tax-writing com- mittees, Senator George of Georgia and Representative Doughton of North Carolina, maintained a cau- tious position. They said they want to see how much money Congress votes to spend before considering tax raises. Oppose Budget Cellini: As a result, there Is a, strong pos- sibility that the legislative budget provision of the congressional re- organization act will be suspended. This provision requires. Congress to set an estimate on appropriations and Income by February 15 each year. It hasn't been effective In past years and the congressional income-outgo goals .have not been binding. Representative Cannon who Will head the House appropria- tions committee, said the budget work- Storm, Severe Cold Wave Lash Western Half of Nation Icy California Roads Cause New Hazards By The Associated Press Weather's wintry elements un- leashed further damaging blows to storm-weary states over most of the western half of the nation today. Snow, ice and sleet storms hit an area from the Texas-Oklahoma panhandle to the Pacific coast. California shivered again, in freezing temperatures. There was snow and ice from the state's win- ter resort spots to the mountains. Many highways were closed because of ice and snow. The fruit and vegetable crop was further endan- gered by the wintry blasts. The freezing weather followed last veek's killing frost which caused millions of dollars of damage to crops. The Rocky mountain region and parts of the Midwest got another Wast of subzero temperatures. Cold weather in the Pacific northwest threatened a severe power short- age. While winter's icy blasts dealt severe blows to the West, Dixieland was basking in summertime tem- peratures. The mercury shot up into the 70's and 80's yesterday from Louisiana to the Atlantic seaboard and from Florida to east Tennessee and most of Virginia. Sub-zero blasts chilled areas In Montana, the Dakotas, Minnesota, Wyoming, Colorado and Idaho. The mercury dropped to at Havre, Mont.; -19 at Pembina, N. D.; -16 at International Falls, Minn.; at Cheyenne, Wyo.; at Poca- tello, Idaho, and -4 at Denver. It was zero at Burns, Ore., Amarillo, Texas, reported 12 above. Mr. And 'Mrs. Harvey Tibbals put finishing touches on the mow man they fashioned in the front yard of their home in a Los Angeles suburb after Southern California was invaded by snow, sleet, hail and rain. Forecasters warned of a new cold wave In the state which threatened to add to the damage done to citrus fruit in the recent freeze. (AJV Wirephoto.) ceiling requirement "Isn't able." Cannon called the budget most practical that could be pre- sented at this time" but figured that if followed it would result in a deficit for the fiscal year be- ginning July 1. The President himself estimated the deficit for the year at 000 but he has proposed that it be wiped out and some cash be pro- vided for national debt payment by hiking tax rates. It's a matter of clear arithmetic that we will have a deficit If we go along with the President's pro- said Representative Hal- leek of Indiana, Republican leader in the last Congress. Representative Taber (R.-N. appropriations chairman In the 80th Congress, said the budget will havs to be "cut down to earth." He didn't say where It should be cut. May Raise Payroll Levies In line with the President's recent recommendation that most of the requested tax Increase come from corporations and per- haps from higher income groups, Representative Eberharter coming up with a tax plan, said he believes increases should be aimed at corporations and persons whose incomes are a year or more. Some Democrats contended that in view of the President's and their own campaign utterances, they could not logically support tax In- creases on lower income groups. They hammered hard during the 1948 electioneering at the Repub- lican-passed tax bill of 1948 which they claimed gave the most relief to the most wealthy. Some Republicans joined with Democrats in approving the Presi- dent's request to expand social se- curity insurance by hiking from one to one and one-half per cent next July 1 the old age payroll tax on workers and adding people to the now covered. There was less sup- port for his proposed health insur- ance be financed the first year by a payroll tax of one- fourth of one per cent on' employes and the same amount on employers. (The health tax would rise steeply after the first The two plans' together would raise payroll taxes about the first year. Dakotas May Get Flood Aid Funds Washington North and South Dakota are expected to get of the record President Truman included in his' budget message for flood control and navigation projects. Representative Kent (D.-N. expected to head the appropria- tions subcommittee handling water- ways construction .funds, said he expected the program to be car- ried essentially as suggested in the. President's message to Congress yes- terday. Kerr said a breakdown of figures supplied by the budget bureau ear-: marked for the Garrison, N. D., dam and for the Fort Randall, S. D., reservoir.