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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 7, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 273 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Resigns; Acheson Named Secretary George Marshall By John M. Hightower Washington President Truman today named Dean Acheson to replace the ailing Sec- retary of State Marshall but emphasized that this top cabinet shakeup will not alter Ameri- ca's cold war strategy. Mr. Truman announced at his news confer- ence that Marshall is resigning effective Janu- ary 20, for reasons of health, and will be suc- ceeded by Acheson, who served as under sec- retary 'with Cordell Hull. Asserting these and several other top-level switches in his administration will mean no change in American foreign policy, the President declared specifically and In strong language that there is absolutely no foundation to reports that he wanted to soften America's present "tough" policy in dealing with Russia. Under Secretary Lovett also resigned and was replaced by Budget Director James E. Webb. The changes are effective January 20 when Mr. Truman will be inaugurated as president for his new term. The President, when announcing Marshall's resignation and his acceptance, betrayed in his voice the affection he has always maintained for the World War II chief of staff. "I think General Marshall is the outstanding man of that war he said. Mr. Truman emphasized that considerations of General Marshall's health prompted him to accept the resignation, and that he did so "re- luctantly and with deep regret." Recovery Slow Marshall underwent a kidney operation last month and is now at his home in Pinehurst, N. C., recuperating. His recovery has gone slowly and the announcement that the 68-year-old general would retire from the cabinet's No. 1 post was not unexpected. Lovett, whom General Marshall brought into the State department, said in a letter to Mr. Truman that he submitted his resignation "for personal reasons with which you are familiar." Acheson, who will take over from Marshall, is the former under secretary of state to whom President Truman became devoted during their frequent White House conferences. Presently practicing law in New York and Washington, Acheson has a background of more than six years experience in the State depart- ment. He is 55. Throughout World War II he served as as- sistant secretary of state under Cordell Hull. He became under secretary August 27, 1945, and held this post until his resignation was accepted with "great regret" by President Truman effec- tive July 1, 1947. On Hoover Commission Since leaving the department, Acheson has kept in touch with government affairs as a member of former President Hoover's commis- sion for reorganization of the government. A native of Middletown, Conn., Acheson is a graduate of Yale college and the Harvard law school. After World War I service as a naval ensign he became private secretary to Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandels and then entered private law practice. Webb, 42, is a native.of Oxford, N. C., and a graduate of the University of North Carolina. He was practicing law in Washington with the late O. Max Gardner, former governor of North Carolina, when President Truman appointed him budget director in August, 1946. In switching Webb to the State department, Mr. Truman named Frank Pace of Arkansas, no'w assistant budget director, to replace him as head of the Budget bureau. Fred J. Lawton, a career officer in the Budget bureau, was ad- vanced to assistant budget director. Dean Acheson Truman Forecasts More Jobs Committee Action On Bonus By End Of Month Possible The Alsops Move Nearer Left Taken By Truman By Stewart Alsop those who enjoy pomp and circumstance, the out- ward trappings of the American government are singularly disap- pointing. The address on the State of the Union is one of the world's, more ancient surviving political governor might offer on financing ceremonies. Yet, as the 32nd Presi- the bonus before his committee be- Considerafion Due After Budget Message Arrives By Frank Johnson St. Paul Committee action on bonus legislation in the Minne- sota legislature appears unlikely until late this month, despite the fact that one bonus bill was the first to be introduced. Senator Frank Dougherty, Fair- mont, chairman of the senate sol- diers welfare committee, said today he does not' plan to call his com- mittee to consider the bill until after Governor Luther Youngdahl presents his budget. The budget is due in about ten days. Senator' Dougherty indicated he wished to see what suggestions the dent of the United States arrived to address the 81st Congress of the United States, no pages blew trum- pets, no rnaces were brandished, no tradition-hal- lowed rites were performed. Everybody simply stood up and clapped, as the President walked in with Vice-President Alben Bark- ley at his side. Truman was nattily dressed as ever, his cheeks a ruddy healthy pink, and he grinned geni- ally at old Congressional friends as the Congressional floor leaders es- gins its study. In his inaugural message Thurs- day the governor said he was sure veterans did not wish to neglect those in the mental institutions, the schools or others in need. He added providing for a bonus should speci- fy the method of financing to be used and authorize the necessary taxes. Meantime, Senator Walter Bur- dick of Rochester came up with a new suggestion for raising the money. Asks Monies, Credits Tax He proposed reinstatement of the 17 'I 37 Civil, 12 Criminal Cases On Calendar District Court Slated to Open at 11 A. M. Monday By Adolph Bremer Thirty-seven civil cases, including 14 suits for divorce, and 12 criminal actions against Winona tavernkeep- ers are on the calendar for the Jan- uary term of district court here. The call of the calendar, which is not unusually large, will be held Monday at 11 a. m., according to Clerk of Court Joseph C. Page, with District Judge Karl Finkelnburg pre- siding. Petit jurors report the fol- lowing Monday. Only criminal actions on the cal- endar Involve charges against 12 Wi- nona tavemkeepers, each charged with selling liquor without the ap- propriate license. Again the civil calendar is domi- nated by personal injury and dam- age suits arising from traffic acci- dents. In the largest suit for dam- ages, among those cases in which pleadings have been filed, Earl Stokke, Winona, is asking for being "permanently partially dis- ithat he believed the legislature in abled" as a result of an accident, loss of pay and medical expenses. Defendant In the action is Herbert Haedtke, driver of a pick-up truck that collided with a car driven by Stokke !n Lewiston October 9, 1948. Catch Bandit After Foley Tavern Holdup Foley, Minn. Sheriff Joseph Winkelman of Benton county said a masked bandit who held up a charivari party early today was wounded by five of his victims who captured him after a wild chase over icy highways. The sheriff identified the wounded man as Ray Settig, 24, employe of the St. Cloud Veterans hospital. Sheriff Winkelman said Settig readily admitted the holdup. Winkelman said Settig was wounded twice with shotgun blasts, one charge striking him in the face. Five Foley men, three of them World War II veterans, were credit- ed by the sheriff with the capture after they cornered the fleeing man on a side road and he attempted to shoot his way out of the trap. Winkelman said Settig was taken to a St. Paul hospital where he will be questioned concerning four other holdups by a "paper bag" bandit In recent weeks. The sheriff told this story: A party of 18 residents of Foley and vicinity had been at a, chari- vari for Arthur Olson and his Ger- man bride he met in Minneapolis recently. When the charivari was over, the group went to a tavern near Gil- man in Benton county to celebrate. Soon after, the door opened and a masked man pushed through the door. "Get he said as he pulled a gun, and placed an'empty paper bag on the bar. After forcing the bartender empty the cash register of about in currency, the bandit told the patrons to get out their billfolds. "Now pass the he command- ed. "But I don't want any nickels and currency." About wag emptied into the sack. Haedtke has filed a counterclaim of! As the bandit left the tavern, Jim! Tyrrell Thompson, Winona, Brunn, a Foley war veteran, lowed but the bandit was standing represents Stokke, while George, j outside and forced him back. ion of an amusement tax of a corted him down the center cents on each ticket. He beneath the undecorative steel I mated the monies and credits tax girders which support the House would yield three to four million structure. dollars a year and the amusement On his way to the rostrum, he on Page 7, Column 5.) passed the members of his cabinet LEGISLATURE Secretary James, Forrest- al, his pugnacious face expression- less; Under Secretary of State Ro- bert A. Lovett, substituting for the ailing George Marshall; old crony John Snyder, looking owlish, and, trie rest, it was hard to believe thatj these remarkably looking congressional leaders, the colder Saturday night. Low them disposed of' more power than any other group of men in the world. It was hard Brehmer McMahon, Winona, rep- resents Eaedtke. I In an accompanying suit, with the 'same attorneys, Nystrom Motors, 'line., Winona, owner of the car em- ploye Stokke was driving, is asking from Haedtke, who has filed a counterclaim of for damages to his truck. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Increasing and continued mild to- President, the'night. Saturday generally fair, be- tonight 35; high Saturday 45. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 to believe that this was a momentjhours ending at 12 m. today: of high drama. Yet, in a sense, itj Maximum, 42; minimum, 22; noon, precipitation, none; sun sets to- was. NOT THAT THE President's speech sounded dramatic. His de- livery was a trifle more assured than formerly, a trifle less oddly parenthetical. But the President is incapable of making a speech dramatically. The real drama lay simply in this, that the President's speech underscored a fact which even November 2 failed entirely to force fact that the United States, in a time of booming pros- perity, has taken a sudden, wholly unanticipated, and decisive turn to the left. For one thing Is clear. There were kind words, undoubtedly sin- cerely meant, about business and free enterprise. But the President's recommendations to Congress were well to the left of any recommenda- tions which have ever been made to that body by any President, including Truman's predecessor. The address on the state of the union was. indeed, a blueprint for a peculiarly American version of what in Europe would probably be called "social ice wmiam Douglas has dubbed (Continued on Page 9, Column 6.) ALSOFS sun rises ,t EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota, tures will average near normal. Nor- mal maxima 16 north to 33 south; normal minima 3 below zero north to 14 above south. Turning colder northern portions late Saturday and Sunday and southern portions Sun- day, general warming Tuesday, cold- er Wednesday. Light precipitation generally less than one-tenth inch occurring Sunday and Tuesday and in northern portions late Saturday. TEMPEKATtJKES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Chicago 39 Denver 46 Des Molnes 43 Duluth International Falls Kansas City 50 Los Angeles 72 Miami 78 Minneapolls-St. Paul 38 New Orleans New York 53 34 34 Edmonton 28 Regina 33 35 18 31 28 22 35 39 63 31 37 36 38 34 33 18 21 Brunn then was joined by Melvin Dubbin, 28, and Gregg Henry, 24, in one car and Aloise Kaiser and Norbert Broda, also of Foley, in another. As the bandit car sped west to- ward highway 10 north of St. Cloud, they followed, the Kaiser and Broda jcar close behind. The damage that resulted when a I After a few miles the bandit car cow on' a highway was struck by a skidded around an icy curve to a car is at issue in the suit brought by gjde road and stopped. As Kaiser and John Pervin, represented by Martin A. Eeatty, Winona, against Ernest Luhmann and Edmund Luehmann, represented by Sawyer Gurnee, Broda approached the bandit start- ed shooting, one bullet piercing the windshield. Kaiser and Broda, who had been Winona, farmers highway using shotguns at the charivari, re- turned fire. The first blast struck 14 near Lewiston. Pervin asks com- pensation for the damage to his car in the car-cow collision September 1, 1947, and the farmers, in a counter- claim, ask for the loss of the Holstein cow. Hillyers, Inc., Winona, against H. C. Halama and Clarence Halama, of Wisconsin, is a damage suit result- ing from a collision between a Hill- yers truck and the truck owned by H. C. Halama and driven by Clar- ence Halama, at East Sanborn and (Continued on Page 10, Column 5.) DISTRICT COURT Chicago-New York Flight Record Set New York Two Air Force jilots sped here today from Chicago n Shooting Star jet planes In one lour, 21 minutes and eight seconds, fastest trip ever made between the two cities. St. Paul Creosoting Plant Buildings Burn St. Paul Fire destroyed three buildings at the Valentine Clark Corporation's timber creosot- ing plant last night. Damage was estimated at the man and he fell. As Kaiser and the others approached, the man started shooting again. Another shotgun blast struck the man in the face and he fell. "I've hafl he yelled. "Get me to a doctor." The five put the victim in a car and took him to Foley where they turned him over to the sheriff. Iowa Mother, 3 Children Die in Fire Otranto, Iowa A mother and three of her five children died yesterday in a fire which destroyed the house in which the family lived ere. The dead were Mrs. Harold Wells, about 24; and her children, Gary, "our; Barbara, three and Leslie, one and one half. Mrs. Wells had gone to the post- office of this hamlet 20 miles south of Austin, Minn. The fire was dis- covered by another of her chil- dren, David, five. He ran to the postoffice to get his mother. She hurried home and ran into the house to rescue the three children who were inside. She apparently was trapped in the house. Lew Costley, six-foot, sixrinch Impersonator of Paul Bunyan, legendary lumberman, gets a description of the duties of a cashier at the Statler hotel in Washington, D. C. He is talking with Miss Minnie Miller, Watertown, N. Y. Costley was in Washington as the guest of the Minnesota State society for a Paul Bunyan dance. A lumberjack for nearly 40 years, he has impersonated Bunyan for the last 14. Costley visited President Truman at the White House today as Governor Luther Youngdahl's representative, Inviting the President and Ms family to attend the Minnesota Centennial cele- bration at Itascw State park this summer. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Truck-Tractor Explodes at Sparta Sparta, Wls. A two-ton truck-tractor exploded today while being greased at a filling station here. No one was injured, but the blast completely wrecked the cab- over-engine tractor, according to its owner, Al Hubanks, Sparta. There was no explanation for the explosion. The blast shattered the station windows and knocked down plaster inside. Hubanks is a driver for the Clark i Transport Company, Sparta. Top U.S. General Might Save China, Bullilt Believes Washington A top Ameri- can general could stem the com- munist advance in China and such a man would be welcomed by Chi- ang Kai-shek, says former Ambas- sador William C. Bullitt. Bullitt told a reporter that while he could not quote Chiang, he was certain the generalissimo would ac- cept such aid in the civil war. Gain Expected By President Annual Economic Report Made To Congress By Sterling Green President Tru- man today forecast new production records In 1949. He acclaimed the halt of the Jong price rise as the welcome signal of an approaching "stable" prosper- ity, not of an- oncoming depres- sion. His annual economic report told Congress that the "fair deal" pro- gram he laid before it Wednesday is a two-edged weapon of govern- it is "antidepresslon" aa well as anti-inflation. Mr. Truman fixed these national joals for the year: Another mil- lion-man Increase in employment, to a yearly average of ci- vilians at work; and another three to four per cent boost in produc- iion. Production last year was report- ed, in the dollar value of all goods and services poured out, at the his- toric high Of But ihe gain which Mr. Truman wants is in terms of actual goods and services, with the dollar inflation squeezed out. Consumer Income Up The President's report showed that personal Income in 1948 was He said consumer ncome rose about in proportion to ;he climb In consumer prices. But he declared that profits are swollen to "excess" and that "dan- gerous inflationary forces" still Im- peril the economy. Backing up his eight-point request for control leg- islation, he told the Democratic Congress in a report that went first to the House: We need to have available a range of governmental measures which can be applied as a brake or as accelerator according to the need." The report was notably more con- ciliatory, toward business than the State of the Union message which, 18 hours earlier, stressed the ln- lationary hazard and failed even to mention the price declines of re- cent months. Today's message had this reassurance: 1. "It is possible that we may'y not, in fact, be forced to such controls" as the standby price, wage and allocation pow- ers he wants on the law books. 2. The tax policy "should be flexible and should be prompt- ly adjusted. to the changing'.-, needs of business and ers" an Implied promise lower rates again if a recessloa- hits. 3. Price ceilings, if they are Invoked on key materials, will be selective and not the. "gen-; era! or over-all price control of the wartime variety." Any leg- islation should encourage vol- untary price cuts before ceil- ings are clamped on. j 4. Private enterprise is the nation's prime reliance "for eco- nomic aided by a "vig- orous government and the mu- tual respect and trust that we all hold for one another." The President demanded rent ontrol extension "for at least two years." Today's legislative recom- nendations followed in the main his Wednesday program, with this ad- ditional tax proposal: Some new excise taxes "may be Continued on Page 5, Column 5.) TRUMAN
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