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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 6, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 272 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 6, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Fire Destroys Farmers Exchange Youngdahl Submits Mental Health Plan Other State Needs Termed Secondary By Jack B. Mackay St. Paul A stinging indict- ment of the mental hospital system followed by a fervent plea for funds to give better care to the state's 10.500 mental patients, high- lighted Governor Luther W. Young- dahl's Inaugural message to the leg- islature today The governor personally delivered to a Joint session of the senate and house of representatives a word address In which he outlined nine basic goals in a broad program of social welfare and "human prog- ress. In the comprehensive section re- lating to the mentally 111, he told1 the lawmakers: "We cannot hide behind the fact that conditions in other states are comparable to ours. We cannot hide behind the fact that no one indi- vidual Is solely responsible lor our and 'bedlams.' We have all participated in a social crime. "We must not rest until Minne- sota achieves the preeminent place among the states of the nation In Its administration to those who are mentally 111." Discusses Law Enforcement Tho governor said that Minneso- ta's "human goal" should be to make It the first state in the nation to reach the standards of decency as are reflected by the standards or the American Psychiatric associa- tion. Youngdah] also dealt with prob- lems of law enforcement, educa- tion, public health, youth conserva- tion, human relations, housing, labor-management relations, con- servation ot public resources and payment of a bonus to World War H veterans. He recommended that, after the legislators have provided necessary funds to care for the mentally 111, lor equal educational opportunities lor children, for dependent children, the aged and "to all those who are In they then consider the type of a bonus to war veterans and how to finance It." The governor said he would make recommendations for additional re- venue to meet "Imperative needs" In his budget, message In about ten days. But, he warned, "we must recog- nize that In order to have the serv- ices, we must be willing to pay for them through the only avenue open to "We need not detail here the dis- closures of conditions which have shocked those of us who have vis- ited our mental hospitals here in Minnesota." the governor said. "We While Flames Shot sky.war.d. and the burning structure bellowed smoke, firemen battled the blaze which destroyed the Earmeri Exchange building Wednesday night. This photo was taken at'the peak of the fire. Republican -Herald photos by Mcrritt Kelley Korean Aid To Be Taken Over by EGA By William R. Moore of the Kore- an aid program from the U. S. Army to the Economic Cooperation admin- istration closes one of the major phases In the Army's three-year oc- _-J cupatlon of Korea, saw rows upon rows of unattended I it was learned authoritatively to-j YOUNGDAHL jday that Army headquarters here (Continued on Page 18, Column 1) is now known officially as "the United States Army forces in Korea" although there, has been no official announcement that the 24th corps headquarters has been dissolved. Some corps members are leaving tomorrow for Japan and' Truck Mystery Clears Up Albert Lea Theft of a large semitrailer truck transport here early today, at first believed to be a hi-jacklng, was cleared up two hours Lindahl of later by Freeborn Sheriff county Carl: with the United States. Major General John B. Coulter Is still the commander bat there Is speculation in Army circles whether the vehicle returned to Its rightful driver. The truck, owned by the Des Molnes Transportation Company, was stolen about 2 a. m. while the truck driver sat in a cafe drinking coffee. Aided by fresh snowfall, Sheriff Lindahl tracked the truck along highway 65 to 14 miles north of Albert Lea where he found it aban- doned. The cargo of general mer- chandise was untouched. Only thing stolen was an electric taken ment. from the glove compart- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity.: Pair and warmer tonight and Friday. Low tonight 24; h.igh Friday 36. LOCAL WEATHER OHcial observations for the 24 j hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, 14; noon, 30: precipitation, trace; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pep. Chicago 42 23 Denver............. 38 16 Des Moines ........24 18 Duluth............. 22 10 Kansas City 31 29 Los Angeles........ 61 37 Miami 75 72 Minneapolis-St. Paul 25 12 .01 New Orleans....... 73 47 New York........-..54 49 1.38 Seattle 42 39 Phoenix 50 24 Washington 55 45 126 Edmonton 38 31 Regina .......v___25 13 The Pas 19 12 Winnipeg 13 .47 he will remain, source Indicated A high that the Korean govern- ment would like for General Coul- ter to remain. The present task force Is made up of elements of the corps' two divisions and the Korean military advisory group which Is helping train and equip the Korean army and navy. During the past three years the Army has spent approximately on-the Korean aid program This includes approximately for goods for the current fiscal year ending on July 1. Most of these goods have been delivered or are on order. Food and fertiliz- er were the chief Imports. Eric H. Biddle, acting E.C.A. chief In Korea, said that'future aid will be directed toward placing Korea's economy "on a self sustaining basis within the shortest possible time" whereas the Army program gave priority to "alleviating hunger and disease." This has been accom- plished "to a gratifying Biddle said. Rail Freight Rates Going Up Tuesday Washington The newly authorized "emergency" Increases In railroad freight rates will go Into effect next Tuesday, January 11. The railroads have completed re- vising the tariff schedules on file with the Interstate Commerce com- mission and that date to begin making the higher charges. Many, but not all, of the domestic water carriers which received the same rate-hike authority from the commission on December 30, have also filed new schedules effective on Tuesday. in Seed Lost, Building Valued at Arrangements Made.to Continue Business, Rebuilding Planned; Police Recover Office Records A roaring fire swept through the Farmers Exchange building, 58 Main street, Wednesday evening, destroying nearly- the entire structure and about In stock, principally seeds. Edward P. Helm, owner of the building and the business, es- timated the loss In the building and equipment at He said that the loss is covered by insurance, except for minor repairs and improvements made recently. A small warehouse on the east side of the structure, capable of holding about two carloads of material, was virtually Intact this morning, 'and Mr. Helm said that operations would be con- tinued from there or to a rented structure. In addition, deliv- eries will also be made from his Lanesboro Grain Company at Lanesboro. The possibility of rebuilding will be investigated immediately, he added. The nre, fought by 33 of the 34 men on the Winona fire de- partment force, was reported at p. m. Filled With Smoke When the department's equipment arrived minutes later smoke was coining from the elevator vents and through some of the seams of the building. The building was filled with smoke and. flames were rolling in the basement, particularly in the east end. Fire Chief H. G. Putnam said it appeared that the flre started in the basement, probably near a pot-bellied, stove, although the exact cause cannot be determined. Arriving on the scene, the chief surveyed the situation and Immediately used the police car radio to call out all the city'i firemen and equipment. The "off" shift responded rapidly. The volume of smoke, Increasing in amount each second, began coming through the top of the main structure, which was three stories high and 44 by 86 feet in size. Firemen put four lines of hose on the fire, devoting most of their efforts to the rear'of the structure, where the base of the fire seemed to be located. Records Saved Police broke Into the .office, and they and several employe! carried out of the smoke-filled office records of the company, In- cluding the safe and.other valuables. They were placed In a police car. The first flames broke through the north wall of the elevator building at about p. m. Fearful of a dust explosion, firemen and the rapidly-gathering crowd were ordered away from that side of the structure. Meanwhile, the large aerial truck was moved to the south side of the towering and smoking elevator. A fireman was sent up the ladder to cut electric wiring leading into the building, although, as usual, Manager Harvey Robinson had checked, before leaving the plant at p. m., that the main electrical switch was thrown. When the electrical wires to the building were cut, flames had broken through part of the roof and a southwest wind carried burning embers and sparks In clouds across the railroad tracks and over Levee park. Box Car Moved An empty box car, standing near the elevator, began to steam, and firemen released it and pushed it east on the stub track to safety. Its been, unloaded into the elevator earlier In the day. By 10-30 p. m. most of the rear of the elevator and part of the warehouse were a mass of rearing flames, which lighted up the night sky as they leaped above the burning buildings. The crowd grew in size, filling Main street and spilling over onto the North i Western railway switching tracks, which adjoin the burned 1 building. A favorable wind was keeping the flames away from the large I number of wholesale buildings, on West second street, directly across the alley from the flre, but occasionally a shift bent the flames in their direction. The walls stood long, arid streams of water were directed against them, so they would Jail into the flre instead of out on the street. This was successful. After danger of an explosion had passed, firemen moved In close to the fire. Additional pressure was provided by placing pumpers on West Second street and on Center street and by adding additional lines of hose. Six lines were used at one time. About 11 p. m. the north wall of the big elevator collapsed onto the flre. The crowd had waited for this, crash, and cheers went up when it went down. Still Smoking This morning were the ruins of the building. Firemen played their hoses on the wreckage at the foot of Main street. This view shows how the roof had collapsed and the walls buckled In. Other flre photos on Page Three. 7 Flee Dodge Fire in Nightclothes Dodge, Wis. Seven persons fled In nlghtclothes Wednes- day night when flames swept iirough an eight-room farm home four miles north of here, leveling lie frame structure. Loss to the Dominic Kulas prop- erty was estimated at between 000 and by Russell Jenks, chief of the Galesvffle fire depart- ment, which was called to fight the blaze along with the Dodge depart- ment. Falling plaster and puffs of heavy smoke aroused Mr. and Mrs. Kulas at p. m. They were sleeping on the first floor of the house, and shouted to Mr. Kulas' brother, Vlnce, who brought the four Kulas boys downstairs to safety. All seven were forced to flee In sleeping .garments, with only two blankets as covering for the chil- dren. Not having a telephone the Kulas family drove about a mile to the Joseph Rebhahn farm to sound an alarm. Flames spread rapidly throughout the large home, swept by. strong west winds. So intense was the conflagration nothing was saved from the burning structure except the two blankets taken when the Kolas' fled to safety. Firemen and scores of neighbors worked frantically to prevent the flre from spreading to the other buildings, which included a garage, chicken house and large bam. The barn was seriously threatened for several hours, as the wind blew burning embers and flames directly towards it.' Close to 50 head of cattle housed In the barn were re- moved as a safety measure. The bam Is a 1QO by 36 foot structure.- Firemen battled until 3 a. m. be- fore leaving the scene. Friends and neighbors remained most of the night guarding against any new1 outbreaks. The Kulas family was- given shelter at the Rebhahn home. One of the four children had just re- turned home after a tonsillectomy. They range in age from about four to 11 years. Gopher State Debt Reduced 4 Million St. Paul (ff) A reduction' of slightly more than In the state's outstanding indebtedness In the calendar year 1948 was report- ed today to the legislature by Julius A. Schmahl, state treasurer. Total Indebtedness on December 31, 1948, was as com- pared with on Decem- ber 31, 1947. Schmahl also reported an Increase in the total permanent trust funds from, at the end of 1947 to" on December 31, 1948. Revenue from investment of per- manent school trust funds is allotted to the public schools of the state. Of the state's total indebtedness, Exact cause of the flre has not Is payable from, property yet been determined, but authorized by legislative acts, believe it'started from faulty elec- Debt Rural credit trie wiring, spreading from a fuse box 'in a washroom just OS the kitchen. Kulas and his family moved onto the, 400-acre farm in October of 1944. It -was the girlhood home of he plans to rebuild as soon as pos- sible. The loss was-partially covered by Insurance. Carroll Carhart, West Prairie insurance agent, estimateC it to be between and The farm Is located on county road "J" which connects Dodge and Arcadia. deficiency certificates, trunk highway bonds, ru- ral credit bonds and certificates of indebtedness, Minnesota aeronautics, metropolitan airports, Minnesota public Mrs. Kulas. Kulas said today that relief, state veterans' sendee building, university, teachers' college and state buildings, and Minnesota muni- cipal bonds, Schmahl explained that the rural credit bonds are pay- able out of returns from first mort- gage loans on Improved farms in the state. Hot Coffee tor Firemen The south wall stood until' well past midnight, before settling down onto the burning structure. At p. m. Salvation Army personnel appeared with hot coffeo for the ice-coated firemen. The chief expressed his appreciation for that service today. The crowd dwindled shortly after midnight, but the firem'en worked throughout the night. Water from two lines was still being poured .on- to the burning remains of the structure at noon today. One of the pumpers located directly across the street from The' Republican- Herald office was still in operation. Total 1948 Loss The flre loss is almost as much as the entire fire loss in the city during all of 1948. According to the chief's report for 1948, the year's loss only one of the lowest on record, however. The building destroyed in the flre is one of Wlnona's older down- town structures, being about 60 years old. It was built originally as an ice-refrigerated wholesale house. Walls of the main structure are more than two feet thick and con- sist of a series of boards and paper. One of' the builders was W. H. Garlock, who in partnership with another resident ojjerated a whole- sale egg business there. In 1890 Jacob stimpman bought the build- ing, which is on land leased from the North Western railway, and he operated a wholesale fruit house there until 1908 or 1909, when he sold out to the Ward Brothers. This (Continued on Page 18, Column 1) ELEVATOR FIRE
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