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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 5, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 271 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 5, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES man ions s Taxe r Sweeping U. S. Economic Controls Bonus Means in Winona County Nonpartisan Bill Before Legislature Provides High By Adolph Bremer If the nonpartlsan bonus bill now before the Minnesota legislature were passed, Winona county vet- erans would receive about In bonus payments. That estimate is based on the legislature's own figures and the Winona Veterans Service center es- timate that approximately Wi- nona county residents served in the armed forces during World War II. The bill to be introduced in the house of representatives would give each Minnesota veteran for each month he spent in domestic service and S20 for each month he spent In foreign service, with a maximum payment of S400. It Is labeled a bonus bill, and since there are about 000 veterans in Minnesota, advisers to the legislature have apparently computed that the average payment would be about 26 Months for Maximum A little less than 26 months -of domestic service would qualify a veteran for thi maximum payment under provisions of the bill. According to records of F. A. Liplnski, service officer in the cen- ter here, approximately Wi- nona men and women were in the service. In addition, many veteran stu- ents at Winona's three colleges would benefit by a bonus. At the Winona State Teachers college, ac- cording to Dean of Men Maurice Mariner, 205 veterans are now en- rolled, of whom all but about 20 are from Minnesota. Approximately 70 are from Winona. At St. Mary's college 201 veterans enrolled, of whom about 65 are fromj Winona and vicinity. Sampling Made The state selective service head-) quarters has made a three per cent sampling which reveals that Min- nesota's veterans served months, of which 544 months were on the other side and on this side of the water. The proposed bill doesn't say any- thing about financing, except that the money shall come from the general fund. Without the maximum, the estimated cost of the proposed rate would be The estimates do not include ad- ministrative costs or interest charges should bonds be issued as the financing method. The bonus bill was in the senate today. Survivors of men and women kill- ed In the service would receive A Section Of The Roof of the Bemldji sports arena lies in twisted ruin today after collapsing in a high wind which accompanied yesterday's snowstorm. About 30 had been skating In the arena, were warned by William Spencer, 50-year-old caretaker, and fled to safety shortly before the roof fell. Spencer heard the creaking of the heavy timbers and shooed the children to safety just -befora-vtwo-thirds of the nearly block square roof crashed onto the preventing 'a greater number of children from being on the ice. The children escaped safely through windows in the arena's north wall. Built in 1934-36 largely with W. P. A. funds, when last in- sured the building was valued at (AP. Wirephoto to The Bepublican-Herald.) Army Transport Plane Crashes In California Colfax, Calif. Seven men were killed and another was be- lieved missing in- the crash o? a two-engine Air Force transport plane ten miles southeast of here last night. Pay-Old Legislature Already Faces Threal Of Special Session in Shop Denies Break-in La Crosse, Wis. Red-faced Roy Mallette, whom four witnesses testified they found Inside a sup- posedly locked restaurant .pleaded innocent In county court yesterday problems to be solved arid so diverse a charge of breaking and enter- ideas'for solving them, said Senator Harry Wahlstrand of Will-ling. Placer County Coroner Francis E. mar that it appears unlikely that "the job can be done in the 901 constable Arthur Walker of On- rest, who returned here early legislature may legally remain'in session. told this story to Judge R. V. group orllr !aidj Has served in the legislature for 20 years.__________________ By Adolph Johnson St. veteran legislator expressed the fear that the Minnesota legislature, .which opened Its regular session only yesterday, may face the danger of a special session. La Crosse Man seven bodies were counted in the! "There never was a time since I wreckage. They were not removed because the wreckage was still too hot from flames which swept the regardless of length of service. plane. The act would be administered byi A guard was posted and bodies a board consisting of the state j be removed and the debris' auditor, the state treasurer and the j searched later today, West said. adjutant general. He said the Air Force investiga- Sponsors of the measure are Sen- tors from McClellan Field told him ators Frank Dougherty of Fairmont, man was believed aboard Archie Miller of Hopkins and Val Imm of Mankato. River at Mankato Searched for Body Mankato Jim Rivers, 24, Sioux Falls, S. D., a former Navy diver, today started a search in the Minnesota James H. slipped from the bank of the stream and drowned on New Year's day. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair and colder tonight except oc- casional snow flurries in the eve- ning. Thursday generally fair. Low tonight 12; high Thursday 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 39; minimum, 17; noon, 17; precipitation, .02 (rain and sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Chicago 44 28 20 Denver 24 16 .08 DCS Moincs......... 40 13 Duluth 32 22 Kansas City.......'. 42 20 Los Angeles.......I 51 29 Miami.............. 77 73 Paul 35 19 .45 Orleans 77 73 .03 New York 39 38 .03 Seattle............. 38 30 Washington 43 39 .25 Edmontcm.......... 29 12 Regina .............-2 -18 The Pas............ 14 3 Winnipeg 7 4 .63 but they could see only seven bodies. The plane was flying from Hill Field, Ogden, Utah, to its base at McClellan field, Sacramento, Calif., when it crashed in this northern California Sierra Nevada foothill area. McClellan Field said at least three persons aboard were Air Force personnel attached to the field. West said witnesses who talked to him and the Air Force investi- fairly well established that the plane caught fire and then ex- ploded while flying at about feet. The crash was timed at about p. m. yesterday. The wreckage, was scattered over a wide area and one wing, appar- ently blown off by the explosion, was found two miles to the north. Eddie Shapp, a Southern Pacific train engineer, of Sacramento, mak- ing a run through the American river canyon, was an eyewitness. But he did not know at the time it was a plane. He told of seeing a bright-colored ball of fire beauti- ful against the mountain backdrop. Shapp said he saw "a yellow flash in the'sky, followed by a bright flash, moving evenly and slowly. All of a sudden it gave a big spurt, and the object zoomed almost straight down." Nearly Dead In Shanghai Cold The cold streets of Shanghai in December yielded dead. Benevolent societies reported 3.879 of them were children. Some were abandoned by parents who could not feed and house them. The deaths were caused by cold and hunger. became a member when the lems were so he "particularly financial problems." Because of the increased cost of living and the increased cost of operations, the state Is facing short- ages. "I am afraid we may run Into a special session." A bill to repeal the provision of, the old age pension act which re- quires those who receive pensions to give the state a lien on their prop- erty was introduced hi the senate First Bill Passed St. Minnesota senate passed its first bill to- unusual occurrence -for the second day of the session. The measure will validate ac- tion of the city of Qetroit Lakes In selling in certificates of indebtedness without ting the matter to a vote of the people. The money is to be used for improvements to the water and light plant. Milwaukee Man Killed in Row Eyestone, 26, was shot fatally last night while struggling for possession of a de- tective's gun in front of police head- quarters. Detective Lieutenant John Zilvay said Eyestone, formerly of Milwau- kee, and a companion, Estes Smith, 40, had been picked up in a bar and were being brought to head- quarters for questioning. The lieutenant said both men were wanted In Panama City, Fla., on charges of assault and robbery. today. Authors of this bill are Sen- ators Herbert Rogers of Duluth, B, G. Novak of St. Paul and Leo Lau- erman of Olivia. As among the major problems he listed financing the bonus, need of schools for more state aid, re- quests of the University of Min- nesota and the Teachers colleges for higher appropriations, the gov- ernor's mental health program, and the need for adjustment of sal aries of state employes. The Willmar senator emphasized that It is not alone the increased cost of government that is 'a prob- lem for the legislature, but the "cost of increased government." Sepator Wahlstrand recalled that past efforts to lengthen legislative sessions have failed. "I would certainly favor a move to give the legislature more time (Continued on Page 11, Column 1.) LEGISLATURE Ahlstrom as Mallette, 18, of route one, Onalaska, was arraigned: Mrs. Ruby Crandall, operator of a cafe, reported to him a screen on her lavatory window had been 'unhooked from the inside by a patron. He advised her to ostensibly close up early, but in reality to stay inside with some friends. He would remain outside. Mrs. Crandall followed Instruc- tions, with Pat Zeisler and Mabel Brown as helpers. As darkness fell, the trio heard a noise in the lava- tory. Footsteps sounded in the cafe. They switched on the there stood Mallette. The youth surrendered at once, faced by Mrs. Crandall. with a re- volver, Zeisler with a double-bar- reled shotgun and Miss Brown with a purse. Walker, summoned from outside, slapped on handcuffs. Blizzard Abates In West Will Miss Minnesota Plains States Digging Out After Heavy Snowfall By The Associated Press The winter season's worst bliz- zard abated over parts of the west- ern plains today, indicating some relief from the paralyzing effects of the three-day storm. The Dakotas and western Ne- braska still battled the storm. In Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, Utah and Idaho the monumental Job of digging out of the huge drifts was started. But as the blizzard subsided in Colorado and Wyoming, federal weather officials said the storm would blow out of the Dakotas and Nebraska within 24 hours. Temperatures generally were above the zero mark over the snow and wind swept plain states. Fore- casters said no severe sold blasts were in prospect immediately. The citrus belts of California and Ari- zona had more sub-freezing weather today. Stranded The punishing blows from the raging storms across the plains states left many segments of busi- ness and industry staggering. Thou- sands remained marooned in trains and autos. The Red Cross' Midwest headquarters estimated were stranded by the huge snow drifts in parts of Wyoming, Colorado and Nebraska. There were another travel- ers stranded in parts of Utah and Idaho. The Union Pacific railroad said eight trains in the two states were halted by the heavy, drifting snow. Colder weather hit Utah and Idaho. Trains also were stalled over the plains of Nebraska, Wyoming and the Dakotas. Snow plows were sent out to clear the blocked tracks. Travel in many areas was virtually impossible because of blocked high- ways. Planes were grounded. Schools remained closed in scores of com- munities and in nearly all rural areas. Many factories were idle and business in some towns was at a standstill. Communications were disrupted and scores of towns and villages were isolated. Despite the Intensity of the winds and the heavy snowfall only two deaths attributable to the storm were in Colorado. However, an undetermined number of persons suffered from exposure. At Lockport, 465 persons were stranded, with more than 300 of them living in a tavern. Lieu- tenant Lloyd K. Moser, a member of a rescue unit from Lowry Air base at Denver, expressed fear of an influenza epidemic unless physicians were brought to the town. Cold In West Winds dropped in velocity from yesterday's 60 miles an hour blows to around 40 to 45 In the Dakotas and Nebraska today, federal fore- Social Legislation High on Program T.-H. Act Repeal, Aid to Farmers, Universal Training Among Requests By Ernest B. Vaccaro Truman today asked the new Democratic Congress for in new taxes, sweeping authority to impose economic controls and a broad program of social legislation. Mr. Truman ranged far, calling for Taft-Hartley law repeal, aid to farmers, civil rights laws, universal training, broader social security, and federal programs in the fields of education and pre- paid medical insurance, plus new public housing casters said. Snow temperatures were zero. One of the continued but slightly above lowest official readings early today was 11 below at Cutbank, Mont., which Is out-! side the blizzard area. Salt Lake City reported six below. At Idaho, in the Sawtooth mountains, there was an unofficial report of temperatures from 47 to 62 degrees below. Minnesota is- to escape the bliz- zard, forecasters said. Nurseryman P. Hodges studies icicle-festooned plants caused by a cold wave which brought all- time low temperatures to many Southern California places. Hodges, who lives in Long Beach, said he allows sprinklers to run at night when he knows cold weather is in prospect because the ice formations protect the plants from, temperatures below freezing. (A.P. Wirephoto.) President Truman smiles as he stands outside the White House before leaving for the Capitol at noon to deliver his "State of the Union" address to a joint session of Congress. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald.) Highlights Of Truman's Message Washington These tiriejty, are President Tru- man's major recommendations to Congress today in his state of the union message, in the order in which he listed, them: Inflation Enlarge the government's con- trol over bank credit and-1 continue its power over consumer credit, ex- ports and transportation alloca- tions. Extend and strengthen rent control. Grant authority to (A) Regulate commodity speculation, (B) Allocate scarce key materials, and (C) Control wages and certain prices, if necessary. Authorize a stu- of critical with permission for the government >to construct production facilities it- jself if Industry can't do what's needed. Taxes Raise additional revenue for the government, aainly by taxing corporations, but also by i boosting estate and gift taxes; give consideration to increasing income taxes for the middle and upper pay brackets. Labor Repeal the Taft-Hartley act and re-enact the old Wagner with bans against jurisdictional strikes and unjustifiable secondary boycotts and some provision for avoiding strikes hi vital industries. Strengthen the Labor department. (Continued on Page 3, Column 7.) HIGHLIGHTS in the next seven years. He made his recommendations In the annual state of the union mes- sage before a Joint session of the Senate' and House under circum- stances vastly different from those of 1948, Galleries Packed Packed galleries heard the Presi- dent's address. It was broadcast by major networks and was car- ried overseas by the State depart- ment's "Voice of America." On the House floor, women mem- bers made a spot of color. Orchid shoulder corsages turned up on Representatives Mary Norton (D.- N. J.) and Edith Nourse Rogers Representative Cecil M. Harden (R.-Ind.) had a single scarlet rose at the shoulder. Initial reaction from the legisla- tors ranged almost as widely M the message itself. Senator Lucas of Illinois, the Senate's Democratic leader-elect, said the program is in line with Mr. pledgesMd is "designed to meet the neSSs if the great majority of this coirniiry." "My Lucas declared, that we can enact the greater part of It- Senator Taft of Ohio, the Repub- lican policy leader, said he government spending could be cut. Representative Cox (D.-Ga.) In- terpreted the message as meaning 'we are going into a socialistic state." "It looks as if we are going the way England went and without the restraint and he told a reporter. "We're making a violent turn to the left." Termed Inflationary Senator George said he was opposed to civil rights legisla- is a law forbidding an employer to discriminate because of race when hiring a worker, ana- lynching laws and such measures. Representative Reed (N. Y.) .No. 1 Republican on the House com- mittee handling tax legislation, com- mented: "This is an inflationary message and follows the line of tax and spend, tax and spend, elect and elect." Some of the leaders told raporters afterward that Mr. Truman would ask to run the gov- ernment in the year beginning July 1. That compares with 000 he asked for this actual expenses are expected to top that. The budget may-Include estimates of the cost of some of Mr. Tru- man's proposals for new legislation. With his own party in control and many of Its new senators and representatives regarded as "new the President's feel that prospects are now favor- able for enactment of many of the proposals the G.O.P.-dominated 80th Congress rejected last year.' Mr. Truman himself told Con- gress today: "In the months ahead 1 know that I shall be able to co- operate with this Congress." The President recommended that the new taxes be levied principally against corporations, without speci- fying what he has in mind. He also asked higher estate and gift taxes and consideration of increased per- sonal income taxes "hi the middle and upper brackets." Series ef Measures The tax proposal was part of a series of proposed anti-Inflationary measures including standby power to impose wage and price controls, passage of a strengthened rent con- trol extension, continued control of consumer credit and enlarged pow- ers "to control bank credit." And he coupled recommendations covering a series of New Deal pro- posals with a call upon business to plan for "steady, vigorous expan- always to increase its output, lower its prices and avoid the vices of monopoly and restric- tion." "So long as business does Mr. Truman said in a personal ap- pearance before a joint session of the two houses, "it will be con- tributing to continued prosperity, and it will have the help and en- couragement of government." Mr. Truman laid before the new 81st Congress virtually every rec- ommendation he made in the 351 (Continued on Page 4, Column 3.) TRUMAN
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