Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 23, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 262 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 23, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES U.N. Asked to Expel Holland Soldier Bonus Financing Plan Sought Problem Will Be For Legislature To Decide St. a soldiers bonus will require new taxes or In- creasing present taxes, the finance! subcommittee of the legislative re- search committee said today. Minnesota voters authorized the legislature at the November election to provide a bonus for World War n veterans. "Relative to some other said the committee. "Minnesota does not have large existing surpluses. "While current receipts now ex- ceed current expenditures, the future of this situation depends upon lac- tors which cannot be assayed. "In fact it may be necessary to Increase taxes or debts in order to finance costs of government other than a bonus outlay. "Thus bonus financing must be considered in the light of new reve- nue or additional revenue from ex- isting sources." The committee report said Minne- sota has 320.000 veterans who served an estimated months. Estimates of the cost of a bonus, depending on the amount allowed per month of service, have ranged from to The committee Is barred by law from making recommendations. Instead its report outlines methods of financing used by other 'states. These include use of surpluses, new or higher cigaret taxes, Increases In coporate Income taxes, new sales taxes, and Increased rates on prop- erty, liquor, personal Income taxes and parl-mutuel betting. Red Tag Tied Tojo Shouts Lusty w' A I 4V M ___ To 13 C.I.O. Union Officers Four Named Head Groups, House Committee Says By Douglas B. Cornell House un- American activities committee tied a red tag today to 13 union officers in the CI.O. But it said the C.I.O. has taken steps to purge itself. Pour of the men named by sald- committee as "communist officers" -Tne .banzal crv 'Banzai' Before Dying It May Be You Last Message Of Jap War Lord Remains Secret By Russell Brines Tokyo Hideki Tojo and three of his six war maker com- panions gave lusty "banzai" shouts before they were hanged in Sugamo prison today. The last act of defiance by the four of the seven condemned oldj men came in the little Buddhist ;emple near the death house, Shinso Hanayama, the priest who attended over'the Christmas holiday mayTo- tal 2G5, the National Safety council Holiday Traffic Accident Death Toll to Be 265 nation's death Australia Sees Violation Of Charter Native Troops Firing Large Area Before Retreat I are union presidents. They are Wood for the emperor featured which means estimated today. ]ast charges of many Japanese onj The council's Harry Bridges of the Longshore- j soldiers in the great war. Tojo and men's union, Ben Gold of the companions also shouted for a land Leather Workers, Abram Nippon before going to the 1 CrallOWS nripct- caiH Flaxer of the United Public Workers of America, and Donaldited and ordered the infamous Pearl Henderson of the Food, Tobacco I Harbor attack and plunged half the estimate covered traffic 6 p, m. Mrs. Mae Gandell fights back tears as she comforts her dying father, Isadore Bochner, 55-year-old south side Chicago druggist, after Bochner was shot while frustrating a holdup of his drugstore. He died later In a hospital. (AJP. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) may exceed the 265 estimate, the council said, due to delayed fatal- ities not immediately reported. and Agricultural Workers. world into its greatest war, ask'ed in a report in question and an- swer form, on "100 things you started Minnesota was one of six states j gave Its legislature power to' provide for payment of a bonus or approve specific plants at the No- vember election. Four states de- feated such proposals. Before the election nine states had approved and 17 had turned down bonus pro- posals. Some states are using bond Is- sues to finance bonus plans. In this connection the committee reported that on June 30 Minnesota's bonded debt amounted to and that an additional in bonds has been authorized but not Issued. As of June 30 there was a surplus of in Minnesota's gen- eral revenue fund, but the commit- tee said: "It is not known at this time Christmas Celebrations Start Early for Truman By Ernest B. Vaccaro Independence, Christmas celebration early for President Truman. A Christmas tree, ten feet tall, stood today in the parlor of the big frame White House.on. noEth Delaware street, where Mr. Tru- man1'bustled about in a holiday mood. Mrs. Truman and the President's daughter, Margaret, had spent three hours Tuesday night decorating the tree to have it ready when Mr. Truman flew In from Washington by plane yesterday. It was lit up last night when two _, if" II groups of carolers got down to the Goocf Fellows Need More Contributions ters in- A child without a gift on Christ- j reports know about communism and the committee also: 1. Warned the working man that if he went on strike under a com- munist government, the govern- ment "would send soldiers around with guns to kill you." Question: "Kill me, Answer: "To kill you, a glass of weak wlnej 2, 20 Unions Listed Listed 20 CJ.O. unions In which it said communist leadership was "strongly entrenched" in 1944. It said the reds are "still in the saddle" in a number of them, such as the United Electrical Workers and Longshoremen's unions. In a war, the committee said, the Longshoremen could "wreck the priest said. Message a Secret The priest described Tojo and th. other three of the first four hanged shortly after midnight as almos jaunty. Tojo, said the priest, left a mess- age for the world which he was forbidden by occupation authorities to make public. The former premier also left a poem, which the priest translated roughly: "It Is goodbye "Over the mountains I go to- day "To the bosom of Buddha "So happy am I." All seven of the Japanese war leaders grasped wine glasses In their handcuffed hands and swigged a whole U. S. .fighting power." It said I hefty drink before marching to the ;he Electrical Workers union has (gallows, the. priest said Jn a .press ''at its mercy" leading plants mak-j conference after the executions. ,ng important parts for guns, tanks, ;orpedoes, range finders, sound de- ;ectors, motors, cameras and other business of serenading the White equipment. House family from the sidewalks 3- Named 33 organizations bordering the spacious lawn. The President listened from his mas morning visualize. Yet what the effects of efficiency appro- priations and the spending program will be submitted by the gov- ernor early in the (legislative) ses- sion will have on these balances." Governor Youngdahl has said that actually there is no calls on that this fund plus much more will be need- ed by the state during the next two years. The report was submitted by a committee headed by Representative Claude H. Allen of St. Paul, Other members are Senator Thomas P. Welch of Buffalo, Senator Daniel S.j Peldt, Minenapolls; Representative Carl O. Wegner, Minneapolis, and Senator Henry H. Sullivan of St Cloud. Albert Lea Schoolman Named to T. C. Board St Paul Governor Luther Youngdahl today named J. John Halverson. superintendent of schools at Albert Lea, to the state teachers college board. He will succeed Rsy R. Sorensen who resigned after ten years iis a member. Sorensen is a former Tracy superintendent of schools. He has moved to Moorhead to join the staff of the Moorhead State Teachers college. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Increasing cloudiness and warmer tonight with some light snow by Friday morning. Cloudy with intermittent light snow Friday. Low tonight 14; high Fri- day 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 25: minimum, 1; noon, 14; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Jhicago 27 15 Denver ............29 17 .03 Des Moines .......38 23 Duluth 12 1 [nternational 7 9 .0 Kansas City 39 33 Mlnneapolis-St. Paul 16 1 Sew Orleans 80 59 Mew York 44 34 Seattle .......t.....41 26 .06 Washington 52 35 Winnipeg 1 again in this Christmas. study, but made no appearance. Mrs. Truman and Margaret appear- ed on the front porch and waved at the crowd, Mr. Truman planned to drive to nearby Kansas City again today for more work in his penthouse quar- the Hotel Muehlebach on and other official papers rather hard to i flown to Missouri by courier plane, occurs >and can I The President spent two hours community There is only one day left to be a Good Fellow, yet it Is not too late. Contributions received up to the last minute will be used to banish the empty stocking this year. Mail this at work yesterday afternoon. His press secretary, Charles said G. work while here on phases of hls communist or communist front groups which the committee said are trying to influence labor. Among them was the American Labor! party. 4. Said unions would be "wipec out" If the communists ever ruled the country. 5. Placed responsibility for clean- ing out red-infested unions pri- marily on rank and file members. 6. Quoted the reds themseleves as saying that in case of war be- tween this country and Russia, they would "step the manufacture and General Seisjiro Itagakl, who was hanged for aggression against' Chi- na, told the priest that he prayed "for the rise and prosperity of China and Korea." Another of the doomed men, Koki Hirota, 70, the only civilian, asked For President Slated to Pass Paris Australia demanded today that Holland be expelled from the United Nations unless she halts her attack on the Indonesian repub- lic. Colonel W. R. Hodgson of Austra- the Dutch assault on the Indo- nesians was "the first clear-cut deliberate violation of the U. N. charter by a member." He called the council's attention to article 25 .of the charter which says "members of the United Na- tions agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the security council." Dr. C. L. Hsia of China opened the second day of discussion of the Indonesian dispute in the security council. He declared China will sup- port the resolution submitted by Dr. Philip C. Jessup of the United States yesterday. The American resolution calls for an immediate halt to the fighting and orders the Dutch to withdraw x> positions occupied before they began, their so-called "police action" against Indonesia. Colombia and Syria joined in sup- porting the American proposal yes- terday, so China's decision brought to four the- number of nations cer- tain to support the resolution. Hodgson joined the Chinese dele- gate in saying the Netherlands clearly had broken the security council's cease fire order of Au- gust 1, 1947. He said they also had violated a "solemn undertaking" to observe the council resolution as By Don WWtehead Washington (JP) For the first time in almost 40 years Congress may vote a pay raise next month for the President, If it does, it will make Harry S. Truman the government's first A Senate civil service subcommit- __ tee has a bill ready which as ]ater "resolutions on give Mr. Truman a salary increase of same subject. a a addi- tion to his present expense allow- ance of The last time a president got a raise was back in 1909 when William Howard Taft was chief executive Jongress at' that time upped the iay from to The subcommittee's bill also would mass demonstra- tate of the Union message to thei110113' new Congress, as well as On his bud- get and economic messages. or bring that contribution to The! Mr- Truman read with interest Republican-Herald today. It is not too late to be a Good Fellow. The following is a list of contribu- accounts of the hanging of Hideki Tojo and six other Japanese war- Strikes Cited While the Stalin-Hitler pact last- ed from 1939 to 1941, the commit- tee said the communists actually carried on such a policy through tions to the Good Fellows fund to date: Previously listed Mrs. Buehs and Martha Buehs, clothing and 1.00 Winona Rotary clnb 75.00 Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Wil Hams 1.00 The Peerless Chain Co and employes 150.00 Arnold Ness, Houston 2.00 J and A 1.00 Rose and Newt 5.00 Lars 1.00 David Michael Estretn 1.00 First National bank em- ployes 32.00 Mrs. M. Larson, Har- mony 2.00 A Chnrch society 5.00 A friend from Arcadia 1.00 A.VJW UU..IU WVUCi if -i i_ll it. i. j i j i-r n lords, but withheld his reaction. Tumble strikes that delayed U. S. "No he told reporters who questioned him as he left the) rearmel" hotel for Independence yesterday. He looked forward to a big din- ner Saturday with his family. There'll be hams and turkeys and all the traditional Christmas deli- cacies. The A friend from ing and shoes. Mr. anfl Mrs. H. A. ned goods. A Elizabeth Farmers Home Administration Director Named St. Leo Brown, 38, St. Paul, has been named state director jof the Farmers Home administra- tion, succeeding Fred J. Marshall of Grove City, representative-elect in Congress from the sixth district. Brown, a World War n veteran, will have charge of rural rehabili tation and farm loans and deb adjustment work with more than farmers in Minnesota. Brown will have headquarters in the aim of coi munism is to seize control of "your job security, working conditions, pay and union membership, if and to "end forever your chance of living as a free citizen." The committee listed the CJ.O. transport workers as one union that "belatedly tried to clean out communists" under the direction of Union President Michael Quill. It said this union could paralyze the priest to tell his family thatiSive Pay increases to other top- 'I died silently and calmly" (fcvel officials in an eSort to keep Hanayama said that Tojo raised men in government service and his Buddha rosary in his left hand above his head in a gesture of on Page 13, Column i TOJO White Christmas In Prospect for Most of Midwest white Christmas attract young people Into public careers. Other Provisions Here are the bill's other provi- sions for pay boosts: Cabinet from to Vice-President and sneaker of the "If the security council faces up to this matter, there is only one course expulsion from the United (Continued on Page 13, Column 5.) U.N. 000 plus Air Force Pushes Plans to Rescue 11 in Greenland Air' Fores :d three more rescue planes to- for another crack at snatching off the Greenland dependent agencies, boards .and commissions salaries raised to levels of and depending on their responsibilities. In addition, the bill would add to the yearly pay of Dis- trict of Columbia and foreign service appeared in prospect for most of employes who were not Included in the mid-continent, I government pay raises voted earlier Fresh falls ol.' snow In the central this year. bus, subway and trolley systems ini-. some of the largest cities and s; up some of the most-important air- lines. Of the American Communications the St. ing. Paul federal courts build- Final Agreement Near On Atlantic Alliance Washington Atlantic alliance negotiators today were reported near final agreement on a defense treaty which woujd link the United states and Can- ada to Europe's anticommunist ramparts. Diplomatic representatives of the seven nations drafting the pact made no progress report themselves after yesterday's two-hour session with Under- secretary of State Lovett. But other sources indicated there is a good chance the document may be completed by this week- end. If so, t-iat would mark a rapid speed-up in the trans- Atlantic bargaining process. Ear- lier this month when the nego- tiations were resumed after a three-month recess officials pre- dicted that the treaty would not be ready for Senate action before spring. The proposed military alli- ance is designed to erect a peace shield from Alaska to Scandi- navia as protection for the west- ern democracies against any ag- gression. Although the Scandi- navian countries are not now included in the negotiations the plans are to invite them, as well as Italy, to join the mutual aid agreement. The European countries tak- ing part in the talks are Bri- tain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. association, which the report said had been under communist leader- ship in 1944, the committee de- clared: "This outfit is in our cable offices and in the radio control rooms of our merchant ships and commercial fields. They could garble messages, sink ships, wreck planes, tap Intelli- gence channels, and isolate us from the rest of the world." Many membeis of the United Public Workers are in Navy yards, arsenals, experimental stations anc the State department, the commit tee said, and are in the Pan- ama Canal zone. The pamphlet on things you should know about communism and labor is the fourth of a series. The last, on communism in the gov- ernment, is to be released in few days. Senator Flanders sub- committee chairman, said the group considers this bill as "emergency Rockies today spread eastward Into the central plains. A blanket of white was forecast by tomorrow for most of the Midwest. The north central states also had ihe nation's coldest weather. Tem- peratures dropped from 10 to 15 degrees and far below zero in some joints near the Canadian border. The mercury dipped to 16 below at ind to -14 at Sub-zero read- Ings were reported over parts of Minnesota, South Dakota, Wiscon- and top-level government officials a been stranded for two weeks. But officials went ahead with ar- to drop Christmas din- ner to the little in case. They said, however, they are sure that glider failed in a previous rescue ally will do the trick. A radio message from Goose Bay, Labrador, late yesterday said all the men are in good shape. They are living in snow huts, fending off the legation" which it will'seek cold with heating equipment get approved before the presiden-1 f Parachute. Temperatures j down to 40 degrees below zero were- reported. tial inauguration January 20. Must Act Fast Under the constitution the Presi- dent's salary cannot be increased during his regular term of Congress must act fast if Mr. Tru- man is to get any raise. The cost of giving the President sin and Montana. Generally fair weather was ported over other sections of country. High temperatures yesterday in Florida included 88 at Key West and 85 at The mercury didn't get much above zero all day along the central Canadian border. j-ftise re-'year. is estimated at a The pay raise for the district the and foreign service employes would 14487340 a vpar cose a year. Bad weather and bad breaks have hampered rescue attempts since the first seven men cracked up their C-47 transport on the icecap De- cember 9. The two-man tried B-17 crew which The proposed bill follows recommendation of former Herbert Hoover that the natio should be willing to pay for th President's "board and lodging." to pick them up four days later joined the marooned men when their plane ran into trouble in the snow. Two more men landed on the Ice four days after I that and were themselves stranded 13 in Bus Overcome By Carbon Monoxide Decatnr, Chicago to St. Louis bus pulled into De- catur today with 13 persons eith- er unconscious in their seats or collapsing when they tried to stand. Hospital authorities said the ill passengers were suffering from carbon monoxide poison- Ing. All 13 were hospitalized and the condition of five, including two children, were described as "not good." The bus driver, Stanley Belt, 39, of Chicago, and 11 other passengers were not af- fected by the fumes. Decatur police said all those overcome were riding in the back of the bus which has a rear-engine. The is oper- ated by the Continental Bus Company of Chicago, formerly Santa Fe Trailways. The condition of the ill pas- sengers went unnoticed until the bus pulled into its Decatur de- pot. Belt told authorities he first discovered that something was wrong when he opened the door to discharge several passengers here. He said several of those stricken arose from their seats and collapsed in the aisle. Oth- ers were found unconscious in their seats. Belt said the bus left Chicago for St. Louis at a. m. It arrived in Decatur shortly after 6 a. m. Several of the stricken passen- gers told police they detected gas fumes from the rear engine during the trip from Chicago. One said he raised a window slightly for a short period to clear the vehicle of fumes. In Chicago, W. D. Shull, divi- sion superintendent for the bus lines, said the bus was believed in good condition when it start- ed its run. Since then the weather has been bad. Winds yesterday were below the 100-mile-an-hour hurricane ve- locity they hit earlier in the week, but a reconnaissance helicopter re- ported them still high. The three planes added to the rescue team at American airbases in Greenland include a twin-engine C-47 equipped with skis and take- off jets and two twin-engine C-82 transports, one carrying a glider, the other a light liaison plane. Eisenhowers Present Car to Iowa Relatives Boone, and Mrs. Joel Carlson Wednesday received a new car as a Christmas present Torn General and Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower. The car was delivered by the ocal dealer, who had been given instructions by phone from the general earlier this month. A simple card accompanied the ar, 'To Carolyn and Uncle Joel rom Ike and Mamie." Carlson is tie uncle of Mrs. Eisenhower. Both the Eisenhowers and the larlsons will be visitors in the home f Mrs. Eisenhower's parents. Mr and Mrs. John S. Doud, in Denver, rMo.. over Christinas. The Eisen- owers are en route to Colorado now.