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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 20, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 259 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 20, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Tojo Loses Supreme Court Appeal Dutch Roll Through Indonesia Air Troops Take Capita! Of Republic United Nations To Consider Problem By Kenneth Likes Batavia, Java Dutch forces continued to roll unchecked through Indonesia today in what so far has been an almost bloodless occupa- tion. In Java the Dutch raced ahead Of their own time table yesterday airborne troops took the re- publican capital of Jogjakarta in the first hour of fighting. Dutch casualty figures show they are meeting little Indonesian re- sistance. Netherlands army headquarters said so far six Dutch soldiers have been killed and eight wounded, in both Java and Sumatra. Three! Dutch were wounded in the Jog- jakarta seige, the report said. A Dutch communique said virtu- ally all the high republican leaders wen: in Netherlands custody. Among those taken were Dr. Soekarno, pre- sident of the republic, Premier Mo- hamed Hatta, Foreign Minister Agus Sallm, Former Premier Sutan SJah- rir, and General Soederiman, com- mander of the republican army. Through Truce Lines The Dutch also announced that their forces had broken through old truce lines at several points in' Java and Sumatra. The Indonesian government, be- fore Jogjakarta's fall, branded the Dutch land, sea and air offensive as a "dastardly" attack, comparable to the Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor. (In Paris the United Nations security council has been summoned Busy Clearing N. Y. Streets After Snow Reds Lash Outer Lines Strengthened Defenses Recommended for Alaska At Nanking Other Forces Within Miles Of Tientsin Washington W) Repre- sentative Kersten wants to bolster the defenses of Alaska where, he says, a spy ring is supplying military In- formation to Russia. Kersten, chairman of a House labor subcommittee that is checking on subversive activi- ties In labor, made a two-week visit to Alaska In October. He told a reporter, he was "shocked" by what he describ- ed as "Inadequate" defense of the area. He added that the danger Is Increasing because of the communist sweep in China across the Pacific. Kersten said he found in Nome that "Soviet officials right across from Alaska seem- ed to have up-to-date Informa- tion" on what Is going on there. They have been told the size of defense forces and even the names of the men there. Kersten added that he had found a "rather important" Communist party member had helped set up a union council at the fisheries in Anchorage. He said he couldn't Imagine why that communist went to An- chorage unless there was "some good party reason." Dozen Car Collisions On Slippery Streets The season's heaviest snowfall was greeted gleefully by youngsters but for Winona motorists and pedestrians obliged to travel ice-coated streets, winter's initial onslaught brought a succession of broken limbs and minor traffic accidents. Police investigated a flurry of reports of automobile collisions while physicians at the Winona General hospital treated nearly a half-dozen fracture of them caused by falls on gallows. General MacArthur Nanking: Communist bands snapped at the outer defenses of Nanking today. In North China, the reds moved to within seven and one-half miles of Tientsin and kept up the siege of Pelping. Nationalist commanders, already forced to draw In their major' de- fense line for Nanking, may have to face a new maneuver threatening the heart of Chiang Kai-shek's regime. Unofficial reports said Red General Chen Yi was swinging his forces slippery the weekend, east from the Fengpu-Suhsien sec- Justices Turn Down Plea to Study Cases Murphy Submits Dissent From Majority Opinion Washington The Supremo Court today refused to Interfere with the International military tri- bunal -which condemned former Premier Tojo antf six other Japanese war lords to death. The court by a vote of six to ono decided It had no authority over the 11-natlon tribunal. With this decision the Supreme Court turned down requests by convicted Japanese wartime offi- cials that It: 1. Consider their appeals; 2. Declare the international tribunal illegal; 3. Order their Immediate re- lease. The refusal presumably seals the doom of Tojo and the other six who were sentenced to die on the A Woman walks along Clinton avenue, Brooklyn, this orning, passing a line of snow-covered parked automobiles, Immobilized along with other means of surface transportation by last night's Inch snowfall. The middle of the street was the only passable roadway for her en route to the subway station. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) to meet this rooming to consider Psychiatric Institute Questioned St. proposed 000 psychiatric institute at the Uni- the Indonesian warfare. The meet- versity of Minnesota would be of ing was called at the request of the questionable benefit to Minnesota's United States and Australia. (The Dutch U. N. Delegate told mental hospitals, the public welfare reporters his government considers [subcommittee of the legislative re- the Indonesian question a domestic search committee said in a report Councl2.s juris. Sunday. Establishment of such an Insti- tute, to train workers for the state's hospitals, has been recommended by Governor Youngdahl's advisory committee on mental health. Experience in other states has shown that graduates of such In- stitutes generally go into private practice, where rates range from to S25 an hour, rather than on- to staffs of state hospitals, the re- port said. "Extension of present facilities at the University ot Minnesota could provide more training facili- the state at a cost con- affair beyond the diction.) American and Australian members of the U. N. good offices committee notified the security council that the committee as a whole has not yet been appraised of the Dutch repudiation of the Renville truce agreement. They said the Dutch suspended communication between Batavia and Kalieorang Saturday night, a half hour after the committee had been notified of the military action. Eighteen members of the committee at Kalieorang. Termed Police Action The committee told the security council that "In repudiation of the! Renville truce agreement, Netherlands have not fulfilled requirements of article 10 of the truce agreement." Dutch authorities have their offensive as "police action' _. against Indonesian terrorists. patients. It is used for training un- A Dutch advance eastward in del-graduate medical students and New York Millions strug- gled to work today through 19.5 inches of snow that blanketed the metropolitan area. The snowfall only an Inch and a half less than the -great blizzard of 1888 left some people snowbound in the suburban areas. Many commuter buses and some railroad service were tied up by snow-clogged roads__and, rails. Subways and HevatecrPlines were operating near normal, however, and surface transportation In the center of the city kept moving, al- though slowed. The Long Island railroad, which was paralyzed by the record snqw- 'all of 25.8 inches last December 26 and 27, announced the can- cellation of 24 regular morning rush-hour trains to allow operation of snow-removal trains. Pre-Holiday Mishaps Take Heavy Toll By The Associated Press Pre-holiday accidents have taken a heavy toll of Minnesotans and Hsiennumlao, only 15 miles north j 11 a. m. today while Mrs. Florence of the Yangtze and 50 miles north- iBesaw, 52, 659 East Wabasha street tor and one-eyed General Liu Po- chen moving other communist troops In the same direction. Peng- pu Is 103 miles northwest of here. This might Indicate the reds were trying to outflank the government's eastern defenses on the Pengpu front or that they were preparing to drive south to the Yangtze east of Nanking. No major activity was reported along the wide battle area where the communists have surrounded three government armies. From un- official sources it was learned, how- ever, that small red units attacked Admitted for treatment of wrist fractures were Miss Mary O'Brien, 64, 451 West Wabasha street, and Mrs. Alvin Rader, 50, 1064% West Mark street. Miss O'Brien was ad- mitted to the hospital Saturday at p. m., and Mrs. Rader at p. that day. Mrs. Harold Schneider, 33, 523 East Front street, was released from the hospital this morning after receiving treatment for a fractured ankle suffered Sunday afternoon. Still confined in the hospital Is Mrs. Stella Barrett, 73, 201 West Broadway, who was admitted for treatment of a fractured hip at east of Nanking. 'was released after being treated for The communist radio claimed dislocated shoulder early Sunday seizure of Tienchang, 50 miles of Nanking and 35 miles northwest! Larry Wleczorek, son I of Mr. and Mrs. Chester Wleczorek confirmation of 1268 East Mark street, was treated Wisconsinltes. The dead: Robert Janzen, 21, Mountain of Hsiennumiao. There was no ;he communist movement east of Pengpu, but the report tied In with an on-the-spot account of govern- ment withdrawal of Pengpu. Associated Press Correspondent Seymour Topping in Pengpu said the nationalists gave up the city Lake, Minn., who was killed in a Population after the reds The important commuter line hadjtruck-car crasn near GaUuP' N- pierced the Hwal river defense line and by-passed Pengpu on both sides. for a cut eye at p. m., Sunday, Ice and snow-covered streets posed a serious problem to Winona motor- ists and proved to be a major factor In nearly a dozen weekend traffic accidents reported to police. Although no one was Injured In any of the mishaps, traffic authori- ties credited reduced driving speeds induced by hazardous road condl- Judd Blames Marshall in Chinese Crisis By Richard P. Powers, A. P. Special Washington Service Washington Representa- tive Judd (R.-Mlnn.) said today Secretary of State Marshall "Is the one man responsible" for the present situation, of the Chinese nationalist forces. "General Marshall leads the fight firmed their sentences, but stayed the executions until the Supreme Court acted. Justice Murphy dissented from the court's decision but wrote no opin- ion. Justice Rutledge reserved decision at this time and said that announce- ment of his vote would be later on. Justice Jackson took no part In the final vote. The other six members ot high court Chief Justice Vlnson and Justices Black, Reed, FranJc- ifurter, Douglas, and Burton said in a brief, unsigned opinion: Authority Upheld government must accept a coalition government with the Judd said In an Interview. "I can't explain Marshall's Inconsistency. "Almost without exception all the iop men in command of our Army, Navy and Air Force are united in opposition to Marshall's position on is not a tribunal of the. United States. "The United States and other Al- lied countries conquered and now occupy and control Japan. General Douglas MacArthur has been agalnst communism in Europe, but lected and Is acting as the supreme in China he says the nationalist commander for the Allied powers. met increasing difficulties In the! which also injured his parents, a! The government removed its baseltions with having averted several I China. But Marshall will not admit early morning hours, caused by brother and two sisters. to Chuhslen, only 30 miles north- potentially serious accidents. heTls Richard Kramer, Lake boulevard, mechanical failures of equipment than the proposed added; Umversity of Minnesota hos- (pitals now operate a psychopathic and drifting snow. Gordon C. Welshons, 20, Stfflwa- and Ingelin, The snow; which started In the city at a. m. Two Harbors, Minn., both mid- began to abate at 8 p. m. and ended shipmen homeward bound from at a. m. today. Texas naval bases for Christmas The storm was moving farther !who were injured fatally Satur- out to sea today after sweeping !dav in a car-truck smashup near much of the northeast and giving Corpus Texas. many sections their heaviest snow- fall of the season. Areas hit included large parts of Edwin Theodore Johnson, about 52, Minneapolis, who was found burned to death In the ruins of his New York state. New Jersey, Mississippi river shack at Minneap- described! hospital attached to the general hos- nations :e action" Ipltal- The unit nad a capacity of 40 airport. sylvania, New England, Maryland, Virginia, the District of Columbia, and West Virginia. The storm closed the metropoli- tan area's three major airports La Guardia Field, New York Inter- national airport and Newark (N.J.) some graduate students uj the treat- ment of psychiatric illness. Twenty- two students can be trained with present facilities. The committee suggested this set- up could be expanded somewhat Schools were closed today In some metropolitan area suburbs and in other states. A number of deaths here and else- where were blamed on the storm, most of them from over-exhaustion. jolis Sunday. Mrs. Martha Koenlg, 81, Bemidjl, Minn., who perished in a fire that swept through her home Sunday. The Janzen youth was riding with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Janzen; a brother, Clay- ton, 17, and sisters, Doris, 18, and Carol Ruth, 13, when their car and a light truck collided. The father, 45, suffered a punc- tured lung and broken jaw; the mother, 42, received a broken leg; Clayton suffered a crushed skull; Tforecast weatheT and Doris had a brokei1 leg and faclal A lorecast 01 clearing weatner and t r _ ,.h -freezing temperatures today hope that the city's force ofj t snow removal men 01__u cuts; Carol Ruth, suffered from central Java supported the Jog- jakarta operation. Another Dutch column moving through eastern Java reached the rail town of Ke- pandjen, ten miles south of Malang. The Dutch said marines supported by Netherlands naval units, landedlthat training also could be carried j gave on the north coast of East state hospitals by having almost snow removal early yesterday. -the hospitals accredited for their thousands of on the Kide of The communique said Dutch 'nK> One hospital, at Rochester, now I plows and other apparatus would rt th WPTV. hnlrHntr him forces on Sumatra, the large island is so accredited through its rela-1 make quick work of the third TriYtwr. northwest of Java, have invadeditlonshlp with the Mayo clinic. est fall In New York's history. Asahan, They came from the Negara, territory of East Sumatra state. The' Indonesian republic is made up of! parts of Java and Sumatra. west of Nanking. The nationalists set up the Hwal river line after the reds had en- circled the 12th army group north- west of Pengpu and two other army groups southwest of Suchow. escaped injury when his car struck a moving train, at the Milwaukee railroad crossing on Grand street Sunday at 2 p. m. Kramer told police that he was unable to see the approaching mall In spite of the current reports from China of mounting successes by the Chinese communists, Juddicorpus are denied: The military tribunal sentencing these petitioners (the Japanese) has been set up by General MacArthur as the agent of the Allied powers. "Under the foregoing circum- stances the courts of the United States have no power or authority to review, to affirm, set aside or annul the judgments and sentences mposed on these petitioners and for ,hls reason, the motions for leave to file petitions for writ for said "the situation Is not yet hope- less and China can yet be saved.1 The member of was written by Chief Justice Vln- the House foreign affairs committee Marshall "failed" when he upon him. He Immediately applied his brakes but his auto- mobile skidded on the slippery street and slid Into the third coach of ;he train before he could reverse his gears and back away. Damage to the car has been estimated at In an unusual accident Sunday at a. m., a panel truck driven by Richard Retake, 74 Fairfax street, was damaged after It had struck a dog at West Broadway and High streets. According to police, Relnke's (Continued on Page 3, Column 4.) DOZEN CAR sary prior to taking over as secretary of state. The opinion, called technically a "per curiam." opinion, presumably "He said then and has main-1 talned the same position since that this government would not help the nationalist forces unless they ac- cepted communists In a coalition Judd continued. S. D. Elevator Burns Peever, S. still burn- Ing today, destroyed a grain eleva- tor of the Victoria chain here and a large portion of bushels of stored grain. Be a Good Fellow The following is a list of contri-j buttons to the Good Fellows fund! to date: Previously listed International Chemical Workers, Winona A.F.L. Local 228 15.00 Kenny and Carl 1.00 Ruth Anna and Mari- caye, Fountain City 1.00 A friend, Preston 5.00 A friend. Mab-1 1.00 Allton A. Peterson, Houston........... 1.00 From Jim and Joe 5.00 Johnny and Cathy 10.00 A fricna 2.00 Four Saw Way Out Of Jail at Wausau iions were injured. The Minnesota' midshipmen, Wel- ishons and Ingelin, who died at Wansau, Wis. Four men sawed their way out of the Mara- thon county jail last night and were at liberty today. Undersheriff Carl Mueller said Joan doll and car. Norma and Annette clothing. A Irene of cloth- inj. A airs. Anna of jam and jellies. R. J. Williams Paul and Jimmy Ing. A friend, Spring Grove two boxes of clothing. the quartet included two men tenced Saturday to terms In state prison atVupun and two others being held for arraignment on car theft charges. The escapees were identified by Mueller as Gilbert Klatt, 29: Louis Johnson, 25, and Clarence Wegner, 21, all of Wausau, and Robert Peck, 28, of Rochester, Minn. The escape took place about 11 p. m. last night. Mueller said. The time was fixed by Wegner's brother, Clarence, 20, also awaiting arraign- ment. Mueller said the younger Wegner told him the men approach- him .at about that time and sug- Wegner were due to be arraigned today, Mueller said two bars were sawed off the window of a cell occupied by Wegner. He said Klatt and Peck were not confined to cells and had run of the jail. Apparently, he ized, the two obtained a hack- freed their went out Wegner's window. Locks on the two second floor cells were picked, he said. Two pad- locks holding an iron grille over Wegner's window were sawed through, as were the bars on the window. The men then tied blankets together to make a rope and slid down. Corpus were in a car which rammed Into the rear of a stalled truck-trailer. Two companions, Lieutenant (Junior grade) Richard D. Rabe, 25, Madison, Minn., and Midshipman Richard C. Jacobson, 20, Duluth, received minor injuries. The four persons injured fatally in Wisconsin accidents during the weekend were: John Garity, 62, of Kilboum, died early today of Injuries suffered Sat- urday when his truck skidded Into ie path of two autos on highway 12 near Baraboo. Three other per- sons were injured. Harry M. O'Hara, 29, Lackawan- na, N. Y., was killed early yester- day when his car skidded and struck a power pole oa highway 50 two miles west of here. O'Hara was thrown out of the car by the impact. Unified Control of 20 U. S. Intelligence Agencies Asked administration not only aims to tighten laws against spying but also seeks to put the government's 40-odd intelligence agencies under unified control. This was brought out today by two reports which disclosed: (A) That a drive has been under way since last spring to coordinate varied home-front efforts to protect the nation against spies, saboteurs and other subversive activities. (B) A presidential commission for some months has been studying operations of the central intelligence agency which evaluates military and diplomatic reports from abroad. The administration moves apparently predate the current dispute between the White House and the House un-American activities committee. Forrestal said that the internal President Truman, repeatedly has .abeled the committee's often-sen- agents should have known and acted on long ago. Working on Coordination Secretary of Defense Forrestal re- ported over the weekend that last March he launched the campaign to coordinate the home front intelli- gence operations of the military Two other passengers, Wilfred services the F. B. I, Secret Ser- Hoff, 19, and Victor Ruffalo, 20, both of Kenosha, suffered minor injuries.N Mueller said the quartet split Into i O'Hara had been visiting his sis- two groups immediately after leav- ing the jail Two sets of footprints led away from the jail In a north- easterly direction, two others to- -f" M.I.UW iwuh, UUV4 f gested he accompany them. He re-! wards the northwest, fused, but did not turn in an alarm. I Two of the men are believed to Klatt was sentenced to one to have left town in a car stolen from seven years at Waupun for forgery I William F. McCormick, business and Peck three to five for burglary, i manager of the vWausau Record- In addition, Mueller said. Peck was wanted by Minnesota authorities for parole violation. Johnson and Herald, Mueller said Mrs. McCor- mick saw the car taken from the driveway of her home. ter here, Mrs. Harold Rudd. Leslie E. Owen, 24, Weyauwega, died at an Oshkosh hospital Satur- day of Injuries suffered in an au- tomobile collision Friday. Charles E. Runge, 82, of Kenosha, died at a Kenosfla hospital last night of Injuries suffered Satur- day when he was struck by an automobile as he stepped off a curb onto Sheridan road. The driv- er or the car was not held. vice, State department and numer- ous other agencies. ment has been reached. said that rumor was "nonsense so untruthful that I am almost per- suaded it Is malicious." Information that the White House had started its own Investigation of the nation's intelligence systems "My own feeling is that it should (was contained. In an obscure sentence be achieved by some central govern-i of last .week's report by a Hoover ment mechanism under civilian control, receiving the advice and full cooperation of the heads of agencies now in Forrestal said. The defense chief set forth his Ideas in a letter to Mrs. Mary B.jment. commission subcommittee. The bipartisan commission headed fay Former President Herbert Hoo- ver is studying ways to reorganize the executive branch of the govera- Hartman, of Philadelphia, who had written President Truman that she He said that Attorney was alarmed over reports of a committee said it had "the benefit of consultation with a group, ap- pointed by the President, who are House turned the letter over to making an examination of the cen- Clark had suggested in Februarylmove to "abolish the F. B. I." and that in view of the development I create a "secret police." The White of the fifth column and other sub- versive techniques "it might be de- sirable to coordinate the work of these many agencies in, the field of internal security." Clark announced last week that. to tighten the laws against spying so as to plug loopholes through. which u. S. secrets have been sneak- ed out. Forrestal to answer. Won't Abolish F.B.L Forrestal asserted "there has never, at any time, been any sug- gestion by me that the F, B. I. Intends to ask the new Congress or any of the agencies engaged in this type of work (Internal security) be abolished; only that their work should be coordinated." As to a secret police force, he son The chief justice ordinarily writes such opinions. C. Aubrey Smith Succumbs at 85 Beverly Mills, Au- brey Smith, the personification of the distinguished Britisher In films and in person, died today at 89. Active in movies almost until his death, Sir Aubrey only recently had finished a role in "Little Women." He died at his home, and few of tils friends were aware he was ser- iously ill, although he had been suffering for some time from a heart ailment. Smith was a. sort of untltled head of the British colony in Hollywood, and returned only a few months ago from a visit to his native coun- try. Born in London July 21, 1863, he lad been on the stage and screen since 1892. But1 his first fame came as a cricketeer, and as captain of i Cambridge university team and if English teams which invaded 'Australia and South Africa. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Light snow and somewhat warmer tonight; low 28, Strong shifting winds and turn- Ing colder with light blowing snow to forenoon Tuesday; high 32. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations of the hours ending at 12 m. Sunday; Maximum, 25; minimum, 20; noon, 25; precipitation, 20 (two inches of Official observations of the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, 17; noon, 30; precipitation, .01 (one-half In its critical report on the na-jinch of sun sets tonight at tion's defense system, the Hoover sun rises tomorrow at tral intelligence agency under the DBS Moines supervision of the National Security council." The committee described intelli- gence as "the first line of defense Mpls.-St. Paul In the atomic age" but said there are "glaring deficiencies" in scienti- fic and medical fields, and too many conflicting estimates by individual agencies. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Free. Chicago ............31 Denver .47 .30 Duluth .............22 .20 Int. Falls Kansas City ........39 New Orleans Seattle .............48 .....22 .66 Phoenix ............66 Washington ........34 Winnipeg ...........23 26 35 25 18 18 31 20 46 37. 31 29 15 .04 .01 .01 .02 .40
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