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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 19, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 231 WiNONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 19, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES now, Cold Moving Across State Whitehall Holdup Three Escape In Car After Robbing Cafe Tall Masked Man Takes Contents Of Woman's Purse Change in Votes Might Have Cost Truman Election By Douglas B. Cornell Washington President Tmman won the election by just votes. That's sort of a trick way of putting it, based on some "ifs" and on returns that still are unofficial and not quite complete. Whitehall, On the same basis, it was by out of a total of more than holdup south j votes cast November 2 that Mr. Truman kept the House 111 n-f OnTM-nc-anfo 4-lTrne Ml fi rr Tm'71 Va T" Movt" in a limousine early today after rob- bing a Whitehall woman of Mrs. Theodore Johnson, about 40, said she was accosted about 5 a. m. when she opened up the Snack shop, a downtown restaurant. She told Sheriff Basil Ericksonj that one of the men was tall and j wore a mask. The other was short! and served as a lookout, she said, while the tall companion held a gun to her and demanded that she empty her purse. No Licenses Mrs. Johnson said the men ob- tained and then fled to a new model car where a third man sat at the wheel. The car had no license plates, she told authorities Following the holdup, Mrs. John- son collapsed, but recovered suffi- ciently in a few minutes to notify the sheriff. She said she walked down the street at the usual time to open the restaurant. The street seemed de- serted. Just as she opened the door to the shop operated by her daugh- ter, Theodora, the two men slipped out of the darkness and walked In behind her. The shop is located between the Melby bank and the Home Dress shop in downtown Whitehall. Burglary Thursday Authorities believe there was no connection between the holdup and a burglary reported Thursday morn- Ing at the restaurant by Mrs. John- son. The tin had been opened and was missing Thursday, she said. Entrance had been made after Intruders pried open a rear door. Sheriff Erickson was notified, and It was discovered that entry had been made or attempted in five other business places. Entrance was made to the Auto Sales Company through a shop window, apparently by some- one who knew how the windows are opened for ventilation, as only one small pane was broken. About In change was taken from the cash register. The work on the safe, too, was clumsy as the I of Representatives from deciding who will be president the next lour years. 'if' ami California had gone Republican, Thomas the administration's banner for 11 Civil Rights Law Seen in New Congress Compromise With Southern Bloc Unlikely By Jack Bell Washington Democratic Chairman J. Howard McGrath to- day hoisted the election returns as E. Dewey would have been the next President. I drive to push civil rights laws reighter In Trouble dial had been broken and left lying on the floor with the safe un- opened. From the Briggs Motor Sales about in cash was taken from the cash register, entrance having been made through the back door, and about was taken from the ,Hegge Feed store, where entrance was also made through the back. The window in the south entrance to Erickson's store was broken but entry apparently had not been made. The sheriff said the burglar probably was frightened away. Entry was at- tempted without success to the Olson Electric shop. Wallace Beery Suffers Attack Manila The American freighter Minuesotan wallowed In the heavy South China sea tonight as a late season ty- phoon roared. Globe wireless intercepted an SOS from the vessel, which has a cargo of rice. The ship said its after bulkheads had sprung a leak. A tanker of the California-Texas Oil Com- pany stood by. The ship sailed from San Francisco on September 1 with Bangkok listed as one of its ports of call. The SOS_ came from a position "between North Borneo and French Indo -China. Truman Hears End of Rest At Key West By Ernest B. Vaccaro And those three states would have j gone Republican "if" people in Ohio, in Illinois and in adds up to voted for Dewey instead of Mr. Truman. "If" the in Ohio and in Illinois a total of had switched, the election would have it plain that so far as he is concerned there will be no compromise with the southern Democrats who opposed President Truman's election and have threat- ened to filibuster his anti-race dis- crimination program. Without laying out any time table, the national chairman told a news been thrown into the House, No- conference yesterday he personally body would have had the necessary j favors a change in the Senate de- majority of electoral votes. 'bate rules to kill off filibusters. IT, Any sucn move itself would be But m contrast. >t a by Dixie "If" voters in Indiana, members. And McGrath wouldn't Michigan and New York had bal-jrist a whether the majority loted for the President instead of Of Senate Democrats would support Dewey, Mr. Truman would have won by Just about the same elec- toral vote even if he had lost Ohio, Illinois and California. He would have needed In Indiana, in Michigan and in New York. More It's In fact, "if" he had picked up just those votes in New York he could have lost the other states and still squeaked by. such a change. Most Republicans, who will be in a 54 to 42 minority in the new Senate, are expected to back it. How would McGrath convert the southerners from their traditional opposition to action on any civil rights bill? a reporter asked. "Well just show them the election the national chairman re- five plied with a grin. Mr. Truman won November 2 de- These Six Farm youths were elected at Kansas City yesterday to head the Future'Farmers bf America organization for the coming year. Foreground, left to right, are Doyle Conner, 19, Stark, Fla., president; Bill Michael, 18, Billings, Mont., then- vice-president; Max Cobble, 19, Midway. Tenn., secretary; Paul Ltodholm, 20, Ortonville, Minn., first vice-president. Back row, left to right, Dale Hess, 19, Ber Air, Md., second vice-president, and Alton Brazell, 20, Lubbock, Texas, fourth vice-president. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) And "If" Mr. Truman had re- ceived the votes that went to Pro- gressive Candidate Henry A. Wal- lace in Indiana, Michigan and New York, he would have needed to con- vert only of Dewey's sup- porters to have captured all three states. He could have done the trick with Dewey votes in Michigan and in at all In New York. Wallace's vote in New York was and Dewey carried the state by just There was a spite the opposition of states' rights advocates, who corralled 38 electoral votes. McGrath obviously thinks that should convince some south- erners they were wrong in their po- sition. But McGrath indicated the ad- ministration isn't going to try to punish Mr, Truman's Dixie critics by denying them places on congres- sional committees. He said that would be denying their constituents representation they are entitled to. Speaking as a Rhode Island sena- tor as Well aS Mr. Tnimp.n'.g No. 1 political aide, McGrath predicted similar result in of most of the President's nearing the post-election vacation in the sunj and warmth of the nation's south- ...j hiJ the Truman edge from end 01 ,_ state that enunost city, kept close watch today on international crises thousands of miles apart Europe and China. The President's staff, however, clamped tighter the lid of secrecy covering White House consideration of Chiang Kai-shek's appeal for a new statement of encouragement and support for the Chinese national government, and was silent like- votes to The politicians figure that most of the Wallace ballots would have been in the bag for the Democrats, "if" Wallace hadn't been in the presidential race Here's the way it sizes up in elec- toral votes: Mr. Truman needed 266 electoral ballots to win the election. He got by other crises aboard. "There was no disclosure of the contents of Mr. Truman's reply to the personal appeal of the Chinese president, nor comment upon it. The New York Times, however. and 38 for j the states' rights candidate, J. Strom Thurmond. Illinois had 28 electoral votes, Ohio and California 25 each. That's 78 for all three. If they had gone to Dewey, the New York governor said In a story from Nanking that j would have collected more Chiang asked for a strong state-1 than the required number. Mr. Tru- ment from the United States on its i man woud have had 226 and Thur- future moral and material aid, asimond his 38. well as for a more vigorous parti-1 u Dewey had won any two of Los it easy is material aid to China. cipatlon in China's war effort andjtne tnree for the immediate increase of its the doctor's order for Wallace Beery. The 63-year-old actor suffered a heart attack last Tuesday and is scheduled to stay ten days in Cali- fornia Lutheran hospital. He's tak- ing oxygen every two hours. Beery blamed it all on a balky motor boat at his ranch in Wyom- ing. Doctors told him he strained his heart cranking the motor. "Ever since I have just been states, neither he would have had nor the needed 266. So the House would Mr. Truman's reply, the Times' ihave plcked the new President un- story said, pointed out this country I der a constitutional procedure that was speeding up its shipment of one vote to each state. military supplies to China but present program. Dewey had won Ohio and 242 He would have had i electoral votes, the President 251 45-minute conference with the chief executive was dismissed as a simple secretary to memorandum dragging yesterday. Beery admitted Now take another look at Indi- ana, Michigan and New York, which I Mr. Truman came close to winning. They have 79 electoral for (Continued on Pace 17, Column 4.) program by the new Congress. Voicing his view as a senator only, he said he thinks the excess profits tax on corporations ought to be re- stored in some form. He wouldn't speculate on other tax changes. Wiley to Ask Cut in Federal Estate Taxes Senator Wiley (R.-Wls.) said today he will ask the new Congress to lower estate taxes. His bill, he said in a statement, would provide: 1. Exemption of the first of an individual's estate from fed- eral estate taxes. The present ex- emption is 2. An additional exemption of the first in life insurance pro- ceeds from estate taxes. No separate estate tax exemption is made for life insurance proceeds now. They are not subject to Income tax, how- tion with Riley. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winoha and vicinity: Rain, mixed some snow, tonight, ending Saturday forenoon. Strong shifting winds, mostly northerly. Colder. Low tonifht 34; high Saturday 45. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 49; minimum, 39; noon, 40: precipitation, .47; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota and perature will average near normal north to 2-4 degrees below normal south portion. Normal maximum 31 north, 47 south. Normal minimum 16 north, 27 south. Colder south portion Saturday, warmer entire area Sunday, colder again Monday and Wednesday. Precipitation will average north to south, occurring as snow east and south portions Saturday, rain south por- tion Sunday, snow entire area Mon- day ending Monday night or early Tuesday. Additional weather on page 17. Israel Hints Acceptance of U.N. Proposal Paris Dr. Ralph Bunche, acting Palestine mediator, said to- day he regarded Israel's reply to the U.N. order to withdraw from the Negev as indicating a willingness to comply with his order. The Israeli reply, which was made public in Tel Aviv last night, was received at U.N. headquarters to- day. The reply pointed out the No- vember 4 security council order on the Negev desert area asked with- drawal only of troops which had advanced after October 14. The Israelis said they had been maintaining troops, both mobile forces and Jewish settlement guards, in the Negev since May 15. They said forces which entered the region after October 14 had been withdrawn. The Jews offered to consult with the truce mission's chief of staff on withdrawal of Israeli troops from parts of the coastal area north- west of the Negev as requested by the mediator. Israel said It to make representations on the mediator's request to establish de- militarized zones which would, in effect, put much of the Negev under U.N. control. The reply also noted that the movement of Jewish troops from Chinese Victory Eases Pressure On Chiang By Harold K. Milks Nanking: Tension eased in central China today. The government's news of a complete victory in the battle of Suchovv gave fresh hope to the unnerved capital. The city obviously was impressed by the military spokesman' triumphant statement yesterday: "The battle for Suchow can be considered as concluded." People who had begun to talk of Chiang Kai-shek's possible abdication looked up to the generalissimo with new respect. Few sources, however, expected the communist commanders to take! the reported setback without plan- ning another fight to open the road to Nanking, When this might happen was a subject of conjecture here. It: might depend on the extent of com-! munist casualties and the drain of I supplies in the ten-day battle, and Schools in West Closed By Big Drifts Montana Point Reports Temperature At 13 Below By The Associated Press Winter swung a mighty punch at some southwestern Minnesota communities Thursday night, Iso- lating them with walls of snow whipped into big drifts. Schools in Lincoln and Lyon. county were closed because of the storm, which deposited 15 inches of snow on the ground during the night and early rooming. It was still snowing In that area and high- way traffic was at a virtual stand- still. In the town of Marshall, it was possible to drive on the main street only with chains. Rain that preceded the snow froze on wires, snapping them and knock- ing out telephone and telegraph communication. In Marshall about Storm Delays Santa Sioux Falls, S. D. It Was too stormy for Santa Claus to get here today. Civic leaders had planned a. mistletoe rodeo, featuring a three-mile' parade, to herald the opening of the Christmas shopping season. And Santa, of course, was to have been the featured player in the parade. Last night eight inches of snow fell, and high winds whipped up big drifts. The mistletoe Santa- were postponed to Monday. the historic Arab city of Bersheba. would lay the town open to attack by Irregulars and open the way to attacks on Jerusalem from the south. Bunche said he found the Israeli Vishinsky Raps Rearmament in U.S., Britain Paris Russia's Andrei Y. Vishinsky told the United Nations how long the red commanders will need to regroup their weary armies. The weather was another factor a big one in view of the de.- cislve part it played in the gov- ernment's operations. The clear days and moonlit nights favored government air strikes against the United States is building munist troops deployed without cover, on the exposed plains. For that reason, communist losses likely were heavy. Major General Chang Liu-shih, government mill- up a western European system di- rected against the Soviet Union. He charged also at a full session of the general assembly that the United States and Britain are car- tary spokesman, estimated red casualties to for Suchow defenders. On the nationalists' these points: side were The government air force was in- mention has been made of any it knew what it could do against massed troops without cover. The government halted the red advance without the use of rein- rying on a "mad armaments race" thej against Russia. In both countries, he said, there Is a "war psychosis" against the Soviet Union. Russia was asking a one third reduction in arms by the five lead ten per cent of the lines were re- ported down. Reports in Marshall were that the situation was worse in Lincoln, county, but confirmation was lack- ing because of the communications problem. Situation Spotty The state highway department said it had a few reports indicating that the "situation was spotty" in the section from the South Dakota border to about Willmar. At Mar- shall, the Lyon county engineer's office heard that the storm covered a slanting streak about 100 miles wide from the extreme tip of south- eastern South Dakota to Willmar. The Lyon county engineer's office said he had reports that around Vladison, about 80 miles north of Marshall, the storm tapered off. It also heard that aE telephone lines were down in the Windom vicinity because of the ice breaking wires. Little Falls, Brainerd and St. Cloud each reported snow started falling heavy, early wet this reply "gratifying." He said it indi- forcements and supplies stalled ai cated a willingness on the part of Pengpu, midway between Suchow Israel to accept in principle the se- curity council's resolution. Israel appointed two officers to meet with the truce commission chief of staff. Brigadier General William E. Riley, to discuss Im- plementation of the mediator's or- der. Egypt already had named a representative to discuss the sitlla- Black Area Shows extent of communist control in China while white area denotes major part of country still governed by nationalist forces. According to reports tr. S. is reinforcing its Marine garrison at Tsingtao (1) while battle for Suchow (2) continues. Diagonal shading is used to outline China. Wirephoto Map.) Wiley said the proposed changes are designed to "encourage- the Am- erican people to take out and main- tain their own life Insurance and io end the present condition where- by they are discouraged In taking out such insurance because of heavy taxes and lack of sufficient ex- emptions." Wiley, who win retire as chair. man. of the .judiciary committee un- der the changeover to Democratic control, said he has asked the treas- ury to estimate revenue losses which would result from his proposal. "It seems to he said, "thai he government, instead of trying to force 145 million Americans into compulsory government operatec j insurance, should make it easier for the average man and woman to take out more insurance by himseU or herself with private companies.' Walter Reed Hospital Commander Succumbs Washington Major Gen- eral George C. Beach, Jr., com- mander of Walter Reed army med- ical center, died last night. He was 60 years old. General Beach, a native of To- peka, Kan, had been under treat- ment in Walter Reed hospital for eight weeks. Th cause of his death was not announced. His widow sur- vives. The Israelis also welcomed lie council resolution calling for Jews and Arabs to negotiate an armistice. They asked to be notified of the time and place representa- tives might meet with Arab repre- sentatives for armistice talks. The anxiously awaited American statement on Palestine meanwhile was deferred, pending a new date for the next meeting of the political committee. and Nanking. These presumably would be available in the next phase. Wisconsin Has 17 New Polio Cases Madison, Wls. Seventeen new cases of polio this week brought Wisconsin's total to 604, the state board of health reported today. Barren, Jefferson, Racine and VTalworth counties each reported two cases, with Door, Eau Claire, Ken- osha, Langlade, Milwaukee, Rock, Sauk, Taylor and Waushara each reporting one. There were 200 cases at this time last year and in 1946. ing powers. The United States call-, ed the proposal "almost irrespon- sible" and a "cruel deception." John Foster Dulles said the U. S, has under arms only 12 per cent or less of the number she had during the war. He said Russia has 35 to 55 per cent of her wartime strength at arms. There also are large armies by the Russian-dominated Poland, Yugo- slavia, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary. Britain rejected the plan as un- morning, hampering but not halting [Continued on Pace 3, Column 3.) SNOW Second Boatload Of DP's Landed Washington Fourteen Of 802 European homeless arriving this week aboard the army transport General Bundy are destined for haven in Wisconsin. The General Bundy sailed from Bremerhaven November 8 and is scheduled to dock at Boston today. The 802 immigrants comprise the second group to be admitted to the United States under the displaced persons act. Congress authorized realistic. France turned it down entry. Of homeless Euro- deceiving, oeans over a two-year period. The displaced .persons commis- sion, .releasing the list of those The assembly already has vetoed down a Russian demand that the U.N. atomic energy commission draw up two treaties: One calling for a ban on the atom bomb and the other establishing an atomic control system. Vishinsky told the assembly today that the majority thus has twice brushed aside the atom bomb ques- tion. He added that Russia has seatedly turned down the interna- ;ional atomic control scheme put forward in 1946 by Bernard Baruch of the United States. Freedom Train Carries Famed Lincoln Manuscript to Hallowed Gettysburg Pa. The manuscript of a .speech penned by President Abraham Lincoln 85 years ago returned to the place of its inspiration today. Carried aboard the Freedom train, Lincoln's Gettysburg ad- dress was brought here in con- nection with ceremonies mark- ing the 85th anniversary of its first public hearing. Attorney General Tom C. Clark lent a solemn note to the occasion by comparing the pres- ent time to the crucial days of Lincoln's administration. "Lincoln was the steady guid- ing light of an historic Ameri- can he said, in a prepared speech. "We must finish the task there begun." The attorney general said President Truman expresses the "yearning of each of us for justice, equality and adding: "Achievement and faith have built us Into the strongest peace- loving nation of all time guided by a courageous leader who lives, works and prays for peace." The President sent his per- sonal greetings to this small agricultural community, high water mark of the Confederate army's northern inarch in the civil war. "Please convey my greetings to the people of Gettysburg and to the whole state of Pennsyl- vania on the occasion of the 85th anniversary of Lincoln's Gettysburg the Presi- dent said. "I am happy to know the Freedom train is going to visit Gettysburg. Every Ameri- can should see its Inspiring ex- hibits." The town was gaily decorated with bunting and a special stamp Issue was placed on sale commemorating the Gettysburg address. The Freedom train will leave Gettysburg tomorrow for the final lap of its 48-state tour at New York January 2. aboard the General Bundy, said it contains the bare Information re- ceived by cable from Europe. De- tails as to age, nationality and so on are not available here. S. D. Paroles William Sinnoff Pierre, S. D. Governor George T. Mlckelson brought an end today to the prison term be- ing served by WiUiam Sinnott, for- mer Minneapolis labor leader. The governor signed a parole for Sinnott, convicted three years ago of conspiracy to intimidate drivers of the Buckingham Transportation Company during a strike. Sinnott was paroled to Jack J. Jorgenson, Minneapolis, vice-presi- dent of the Central Labor union in Minneapolis. The Minnesota parole board has agreed to accept super- vision of the case, parole documents said. Sinnott had begun serving his three-year sentence last January after the state supreme court de- nied an appeal. He was convicted June 10, 1946, by a Pennlngton county circuit court Jury. The case arose out of an assault on two Buckingham company driv- ers at Wall, S. D., in November, 1945. Sinnott also was fined
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