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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 17, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 232 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 17, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Auto Industry Curbs Threatened The Alsops Taft Symbol Of Old-School Republicanism By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Robert A, Taft is one of those exceptional politicians who are also symbols. He stands for old-school Repub- licanism as George W. Norris used to stand for American progresslv- ism, and Henry Wallace now stands for the moonstruck left. It is more than ordfifirily significant, there- fore, that a good many of his col- leagues think Taft may aband- on the Senate leadership in the next session, and perhaps even re- tire from the Senate when he comes up for re-election in 1950. Taft did most of the thinking j and most of the homework for the I Republican senatorial rank and file of the 80th Congress. Thus the end of his leadership would be a major event in any case. If he is really considering a progressive withdraw al from active politics, his decision may be taken as marking the end of an era of American life. IT MUST EE ADDED at once that Taft left this country for his European trip without disclosing his plans. No one here knows for certain what he proposes to do in the peculiar new circumstances created by President Truman's vic- tory, for which Taft was even less prepared than most. None the less there are several different reasons why this remarkable man, one of the strongest personalities in Amer- ican, public life, might now choose to leave the political stage on which he has long played such a con- spicuous part. In the first place Taft's term of service as chairman of the Senate Republican policy committee Is drawing to a close. He cannot con- tinue even as a member of the policy committee without a change in the Republican conference rules. And if he seeks the formal title of minority leader, in succession to Wallace H. White of Maine, he -will be strongly challenged by a con- siderable group of younger Repub- lican senators. Mrs. LIbke, 39, of Sparta, Wis., died when this middle span of a highway bridge over the Wisconsin river collapsed near Spring Green, Wis. The span of the 41-year-old structure gave way be- neath the weight of a poultry truck, arrow, and the auto in which Mrs. Llbke was riding. Two men in the truck and Mrs. Libke's hus- band, A. L. Libke, escaped. The woman was trapped in the auto when it sank beneath the surface of the water. Wirephoto.) from Senator George Alken of Ver- mont and others of his group. But in addition to these men who have always fought him, Taft will now be opposed by a much larger group of senators like Knowland of Cali- fornia and Lodge of Massachusetts, who have perhaps reluctantly con- sented to his leadership in the past. Their thesis is that the election was a popular disavowal of the Taft policies. They have candidates for the leadership who would enjoy strong and Know- land are themselves the most obvi- ous possibilities. And then- moderate- progressive Republicanism is now close to being the dominant school of thought in the Senate. the defeat of such senators as Brooks of Illinois and Revercomb of West Virginia, the whole color of Senate Republicanism has been radically altered. The men of the Toft school were in the drivers' seats before. Now the Republicans are divided almost exactly evenly between the two groups, and thej China Government Claims Victories By Harold K. Milks government asserted today casualties were inflicted on reds routed east of Suchow, -gateway to Nanking. The official and pro-government reports buoyed the capital. But skeptics, mindful of other government claims at Tsinan, Chinhslen and Mukden just before they fell to the reds, waited for more information. These points, on the basis of infprjllfc- tion here. The Chinese air force blunted red attacks across the open country east of Suchow, 200 miles northwest of the capital. General Huang Po-Tao's seventh Ai army group, which was isolated east China Asks U. S. Policy Statement By John M. Hightower Truman Shy In Picking New Cabinet Cites Concern Over Selection Of Proper Team By Ernest B. Vaccaro Key West, Fla, President Truman's delay In the reorganiza- tion of his administration was at- 1 tributed by close associates today 'to concern about picking replace- ments for those who are to go. These sources, unquotable by name, said the President is in no hurry to' shake up his cabinet until he completes selection of a team to carry on during- the next four years. As he told a news conference here yesterday, everybody has been shuf- fling the cabinet around but thei President. Mr. Truman added that he would act at the proper time. Defense Secretary His major problem will be to pick a new secretary of defense to re place James V. Forrestal and a man to succeed Robert E. Lovett when the latter steps out as under secre- tary of state. No decision has been made in either case. Mr. Truman, these close advisers said, will try to persuade Secretary of State Marshall to remain on. the job when the latter meets with him at the White House Monday lor a full-scale review of the delicate International situation. The President said yesterday that Mr. Marshall has wanted to retire ever since he left the Army and that only a sense of patriotic duty has kept him in the cabinet. They have had, he said, a perfect understand- ing at all times. Meanwhile, the chief executive left up to General Marshall a formal re- ply to- a suggestion by Secretary Gnnnard Eric. Seaberg, second from left, 58-year-old route foreman for a Chicago dairy company, receives congratulations from fellow workers after revealing he would inherit an estate valued at from an aunt in Copenhagen, Denmark. Eeaberg said he has been notified he Is the sole survivor of Mrs. Heby P. Hansen, an aunt whom he has never met, who died a recluse some months ago. CA.P. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) 3eneral Lie of the United Nations and President Bvatt of the U.N. een-! eral assembly that he and the heads of the f our nations negotiate an end to the Berlin blockade independently of the United Nations. The President, however, said flatly ;hat the United States will not par- in any peace talks of that to Strong Winds Buffet Areas In Wisconsin By The Associated Press G. O. Awaits Truman Proposals to Congress By Jack Bell Milllkln (R.-Colo.) predicted today Republicans will wait and see President Truman's specific pro- posals to the new Congress before they adopt any opposition policy. _ _ __ Millikin, who heads the conference of all Republican senators A roar-j ta the Present Congress, told a reporter he doesn't think anyone now can forecast what role the G.O.P. will play as the new Solon Requests Dealer Action Or Clamp-Down Congress Hears Of Huge Tips For Salesmen Washington The Congres- sional committee probing nuto sales profits today gave the motor in- dustry the choice of "cleaning its own house" or facing possible fed- eral controls. At the same time, the committee turned over to the Justice depart- ment and the internal revenue bu- reau the official record of two days of hearings marked by testimony about "tips" to salesmen for quick car deliveries. Chairman Macy (R. N. head of the special House group which ended its hearings yesterday, said that disclosures so far cover "only a few of the methods" some dealers have used "to obtain exorbitant profits." Await Action Macy indicated to newsmen that before the committee decides whe- ther to resume its inquiry on a na- tionwide has been con- fined to Washington to bers will wait to see what the auto Industry intends to do about "the greed and avarice of a few dealers." Macy said it will be up to the Justice department to determine whether there have been a-ny law violators to selling cars with side money agreements or in requir- ing purchasers to take unwanted ac- cessories. And the internal revenue bureau, Jhe lawmaker added, can decide whether taxes have been paid on the tips and bonuses received but, according to committee evidence, not recorded on sales slips. Macy and Representative Larcade who conducted the hear- ings, predicted there will be large recoveries in income taxes. ed across southern Wisconsin late yesterday and last night, buffeting Milwaukee with gusts reaching a vel- ocity of 73 miles per hour. The storm may have claimed one life on Lake Butte Des Mortes. Cap- tain Elmer L'udwig of the Oshkosh blockade of the German capital. Mr. Truman, is flying back of Suchow, lost more than Its full' strength of four armies. survived repeated attacks and still Is in the field. Its ability to take and give punishment heartened oth- er government units. Martial Law The executive Yuan ordered mar- tial law extended to Tsingtao, site of the American Naval base in the western Pacific. The action follow- ed the application of martial law to Nanking, Shanghai and Suchow. Hankow reports said thousands of the American government soon may issue a pronouncement de- THIS IS OF COURSE crucial. By signed to boost the morale of China's anticommunist forces. President Truman and the State department have before plea from Generalissimo them a Chiang j have of the older tradition lost their self-confidence. If Taft decides to make the fight to hold his place, he is quite likely to be facuten. If he consents to ac- cept the position of one senator among many, the irrepressible Ken-, neth Wherry will undoubtedly bid for the leader's post. But Wherry's defeat sems virtually assured. On the whole, it seems likely that the new pattern of Senate Republican- ism will crystallize around Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, succeeding Taft as chairman of the policy com- mittee, and either Lodge or land, taking White's vacant place as minority leader. As to whether Taft will seek re- election to-the Senate in 1950, the Senator has plenty of time to make up his mind. Yet he is fairly likely to be opposed by Ohio's new gov- Kai-shek for a policy declaration! reaffirming support of Chiang's nationalist government. Chinese ambassador Wellington joutside the city as additional de- jfenses to communist raids. Qualified observers here hold the opinion the reds were regrouping for another assault Instead of be- ing on the run. Most Chinese expressed doubt that "victory" was as sweep- Washington Sunday to bring an end to his two weeks post-campaign va- cation at the Naval submarine base here. Representative Sam Raybum, slated to be speaker of the House j again when Congress meets in itself out In Canada. Three missing on the wind-tossed lake. The Weather bureau said the storm, accompanied in most cases byj heavy rain which turned to snow in the north-central section of Wis- consin, was headed for northern Michigan and likely would Koo told a reporter late yesterday that he had transmitted to the uary, will Join him here Thursday, Other members of the Democratic high command already have con- ferred with the chief executive at his quarters in the commandant's house. State Turkey Growers Take Show Awards Alexandria, Minn. Three Minnesota growers made clean sweeps' In yesterday's judging at pictured byjthe newspapers the 19th annual northern states turkey show. S. M. Dalager of Glenwood took first prizes in the White Holland ernor, Frank Lausche, an exceed- ingly strong Democratic candidate against whom he would have a hard battle. And while one of Taft's faults as a politician is his habit of going out of his way to seek a fight, the election must have made him wonder whether' the game is worth the candle after all. THIS, FOR TAFT, must be the central problem. He set out, in 1938 to rebuild the Republican party as it used to be. No one has workec harder, or has shown more character and determination. Yet his whole effort has ended ic flat failure al] the same. If the election means any- thing, it means that the electorate will never again support the kind of Republican party that ruled this country from the death of Abraham Lincoln until the election of Frank- lin Delano Roosevelt Taft has'little patience with, the new-fangled Re- publicanism of Vandenberg, Lodge and Knowland. It would be logical for him to consider bowing out. And if he does so, the older Re- publicanism will lose its last articu- late, respectable and intellectually powerful advocate. I for an American policy statement, What is wanted, Kco said, is an expression of "sympathy, solidarity and support" to help raise the mo- rale of nationalist China, which in recent weeks has suffered grave defeats at the hands of the com- munists. and government. But It appeared that Chiang Kei-Shek's troops at least held, their own In the first phases of the great Suchow battle in which more than men committed. other midwestern Iowa, northeastern Missouri and most of felt the high winds. The lusty wind leveled several buildings in Milwaukee county and lightning accompanying it forced a a Kenosha radio station off the air for troL" (3) a L, minority party. "Wejll Just have to wait and see what the President the Colorado senator said. "Republicans differ in their Interpretation of the election results. They will have different ideas about how the party ought to proceed." Mr. Truman made it plain yester- day that the Democratic platform will be his guiding star in laying out a program for the 81st Con- gress. That platform wrapped up a loti circuit court without bond for trial Slaying Suspect Bound Over At Eau Claire Eau Claire, Wls. Marshall Johnson, 32, today was bound over to 19 minutes. Prazer, employed as a znotorboat rester by a Fox Valley firm, last was seen shortly tef ore 4 p. m. yesterday when he and two other men left Winneconne for Oshkosh In three motorboats. His companions reach- ed Oshkosh safely. Captain Ludwig said the men told him a heavy fog shrouded the lake and that raia was changing to snow when Frazer's boat A 45-mile-per-hour wind was whipping the water, they said. A rescue attempt by D. L. Dowler and Owen Winn, both of Fond Du class with "his young torn, YearllnglLac, nearly ended in disaster, the of promises for future action. It includes such pledges as (1) repeal of the Taft-Hartley act, (2) standby price and rationing con- n hour mini- mum wage, (4) federal aid to edu- cation, (5) "comprehensive" hous- ing legislation, (6) increases in so- cial security and veterans benefits, and (7) elimination of "all racial, religious and economic discrimina- tion." In the foreign field it proposed "sound, humanitarian administra- tion of the Marshall full re- storation of the reciprocal trade agreements program, support of the United Nations and a revision of the arms embargo to aid Israel. Democratic leaders forecast more solid support within his own party _____ Tom, adult hen, yearling hen and They looking j for Mr. Truman's proposals than Deny Implication Koo said his Rovernment is at a! loss to know what United States! policy really is. Thus there was some tendency among officials here to regard Koo's comments as imply- ing a belief that the United States is not now following a'policy friend- ly to the Nanking government. Authorities concerned over this point declared that' any such im- plication 'is unjustified, since the United States actually is spending for military and civilian aid to nationalist China. President Truiran has Issued two major statements on China policy during his administration one in December, 1946, and another a year later. In substance he declared his support for the anticommunist re- gime in China, although he was critical- of certain shortcomings. Reform Advocated Secretary of State Marshall in the past has advocated reform of the government to put real power in the hands of Chinese "liberals." I raised a Chinese Central News agency th communists had suffered on th Suchow front "the most disastrous defeat ever received from the hands of government troops." 'Countess1 Seeks Way Out of Jail Virginia City, Nev. A be- Jeweled, smartly dressed lady gam- bler known as "The Countess" had the long-distance lines humming today for funds to cover a check she wrote to spring her poker-playing partner from Jail. District Attorney Robert Berry said the Miss Henya C A. Krasnodebsky of Philadelphia could leave the historic pokey as soon as she could make good the check which Fred Burdette Beveridge, 39, of Vancouver, Wash., wrote. Berry said she had made telephone calls to New York, Beverly and Mexico City "but so far she hasn't He said China must look to liberals for salvation. In more recent and more informal comments, the State department has taken the position f that the United States can deal with and support only Chinag's regime. At the same time, officials have been concerned privately at the successful sweep of communist armies in Manchuria and north China and have begun to wonder Whether Chiang's gov- ernment can stand up against the onslaught, The who told authori- ties she comes' from a wealthy fam- ily and is manted to an art dealer, arrived with Beveridge early last and started playing high- stakes poker in a main street bar. She did most of the playing, and Beveridge wrote checks covering her losses. The game went on for three or four days. Then, on the complaint of Len Haffey who ran the game, Beve- ridge was jailed on a charge of Writing fictitious f.hprTrs J young hen. In the black class, Mr. and Mrs, Ole Nelson of Kensington dupli- cated Dalager's victory and in addi- tion showed the prize winning adult torn. Otto Thieke of Beardsley showed Bourbon Reds which won blue rib- bons in all six divisions. Judging continued today in for Frazer in two boats, but Winn was driven back by the storm and Dowler lost control of. his boat and it was beached. The high, winds which raked Mil- waukee were preceded by an 11- degree temperature drop In 30 min- Broad Breast, Standard Bronze and Narragansett classes. newspaper photographer, which was Kenneth CfteiUum 19-year-old Orreenvffle, HL, farm youth, was named "Star Farm- er of America" by the Future Farmers of America, at Kansas City, Mo. Tht: title brought him a awanj, presented by the Weekly Kansiis City Star, (A. P. leveled; a 30-foot brick chimne which collapsed and utility poles bowled over at several south an west side locations in the city. Pair Nabbed At St. Paul In Robbery St. Bureau of Investigation agents last night ar- rested two men accused of robbing the Virgil, m.. State bank twice for a total of Agent E. N. Notesteen of the St Paul F.BX office, identified the pair as Spencer C. Peterson, 26, and Louis Rabenburg, 24, both of Aurora, UL They were arrested at Worthington, Minn., where Rabenburg has a wife and child. Both men were armed, Notesteen said, but did not offer resistance to the arresting They have been employed in a welding shop in Ba- tavia, in. Peterson and Rabenburg win be arraigned late today, Notesteen said, on federal charges of robbery of a bank holding membership in the Federal Deposit Insurance Corpora- tion. The Virgil, El., State bank was robbed of on October 20. The second robbery was November 13, with being stolen. he got during the present Congress. Senator Lucas of Illinois, who is scheduled to become Senate ma- jority leader when Senator Bark- ley of Kentucky takes over as vice- president, said that so far as he is concerned the Democrats are going to "accomplish as much as possible toward carrying out the Philadel- phia platform." Senator Kilgore CD.-W. Va.) said it Is his opinion that there must be outright repeal of the Taft- Hartley law. His Idea, Kilgore said, is to re- peal the Taft-Hartley amendments to the Wagner act and let the original law stand while Congress studies proposed additions to it. on first degree murder charges in the slaying of a teen-age couple here. The next session of circuit court will be in March. Johnson is accused In the fata: shooting October 23 of Raymonc Smith, 18, and Smith's 17-year-old girl companion on an Eau Claire county golf course. He made an oral admission and later a written ad- mission of the shootings, according to Sheriff Lloyd Thompson. But Johnson pleaded Innocent to the first degree' murder charges at his arraignment November 3. At a preliminary hearing today County Judge Merrill R. Fair heard testimony from city Detective Har- old MacLaughlln regarding the oral admission allegedly made by John- son to MacLaughlln. West Coast Storm Gradually Subsides coastal storm was gradually subsiding today after causing seven deaths and wrecking three vessels. j Three men were lost when the' tug St. Clair smashed near Port San Juan, B.. C. Five others reached shore In a lifeboat. Macy "Fair Front" said the committee be- lieves that dealers are entitled to "a fair profit" but contends that "the profits made by some dealers go far beyond this point and the meth- ods through which this profit Is obtained go beyond what can be termed ethical business practices." "It would be he said In a statement, "If the greed and avarice ot a few dealers and the lack of effective program on the part of the manufacturers should cata- pult an entire basic industry of the country into thorough disrepute and even the possibility of controls." Emphasing that they do not con- done the practices disclosed, spokes- men for parts of the automobile In- dustry told the committee that auto ales generally have been conducted on a fair basis. Earle O. Baker, president of the Washington Automotive Trade as- sociation, complained that headlines based on the hearings "leave the Impression that all dealers are gyps." He disliked too, he said, to see "voteless dealers" in Wash- ington made "guinea pigs" for the whole industry. Macy replied thai the committee selected resi- dents have no "fairly rep- resentative" of other cities. N. K. Vanderzee, sales manager of ;he Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, said he does not think the ;estlmony about overcharges and bonus payments Is "typical or rep- resentative of the average dealer." All complaints against dealers, he said, are fully Investigated by the company and dealers know they can ose their contracts at the end of year. "We have tried to do a Job of policing, the he said. Two more men were missing from the tug Ruby Eight, which sank in Puget Sound. School Bus Question Termed One of Safety The question of school buses is higher than politics; it's a question of safety. That's the view of Peter P. Loughrey, president of the Au- tomobile Club Safety Council of Wlnona, expressed in a state- ment criticizing the board of education for suspending bns service la the extreme West End of the city. His views were expressed to- day on the heels of similar ones from A. V. Rohweder, Duluth, president of the Minnesota Safe- ty council. Mr. Loughrey declared that the club "never enters into local political matters and discussions lest it might prejudice some narrow-minded persons against our work in safety. We do feel, however, that we would Be re- miss if we Ignored the present situation existing in the West End. "We certainly would hate to be a member of the school board opposing the buses should some child be injured, or worse yet, killed on the way to school. "Who can measure the value of the life of a child? The law may say but if that were your child or mine, money could not measure the value of its life. "I have been advised that a considerable sum of money is spent hauling the boys to the 'games at the Jefferson field. What -we in safety work find it difficult to understand is: Why it has become necessary to ap- ply all of this pressure to over- come this dangerous situation." :x-California 'ongresswoman Dies at 80 San Florence Kahn, first widow to succeed her husband in Congress and a Cali- fornia representative for 12 years, Is dead at 80. In failing health since 1842, the onetime Republican congresswoman from San Francisco died at her fashionable Huntlngton hotel apart- ment last night. Known for her salty wit and po- litical astuteness, she was elected to the House two months after her lusband, Congressman Julius Kahn, died in December, 1924. He had held the post since 1899. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and and colder tonight; low tonight 30 in the city, 26 in the country. Thursday Increasing cloudiness and rising temperature and light rain late aft- ernoon or night; high 52. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 52; minimum, 31; noon, 51; precipitation, ,01; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 15.
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