Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 15, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 230 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 15, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES The Alsops Somebody Must Pay New Costs By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington One of the penal- ties of President Truman's stirring victory is that he must go on doing! the dirty jobs of government. And it now seems all too likely that raising taxes is going to be the first and foremost among these un- pleasant tasks. In fact, if the Presi- dent pays his customary atten- tion to his expert advisers, he will ask the Congress to raise some- thing like the huge total of five billion dollars of additional gov- ernment revenue. Treasury and budget officials are not making any public statements on higher taxes. Yet, as they point out privately, the facts speak for themselves. It is worth noting that they would have spoken just as loudly to Governor Thomas E. Dew- ey as to President Truman. For the facts are both simple and ines- capable. In this fiscal year the Truman- vetoed tax cut will cost the gov- ernment, according to the estimates of the council of economic advisers, upwards of five billion dollars. a consequence, the Treasury willj run into the red by an estimated billion and a half dollars. Every economist, from left to right, agrees that such deJicit financing in boom times is economic insanity. And the hard fact is that next year, unless the most important commitments of the United States are to be briskly tossed into the ashcan, gov- ernment expenditures are sure to be sharply increased. THE CHIEF AREAS of increase can be briefly listed. The greatest Increases derive, of course, from State Property Tax Levy Down fear of Soviet aggression. Defense spending, which now accounts for about 30 per cent of the load on the taxpayers, will have to be boost- ed by an absolute minimum of billion dollars and the budget exeprts agree that If the boost can be held to a billion a miracle will have been achieved. Now that the goods are in the pipelines and the checks are actual- ly being written, the European re- covery program is likely to cost the Treasury about a half billion dollars China Troops Aim to Crack Red Pincers Press Dispatches Indicate Attempt Proves Success Republican-Herald photo Just Beating The Deadline in obtaining their 1949 car license plates are the motorists in the photo above. Today was the last day that the new aluminum 1949 plates could be purchased without penalty. Shown at far left is Theodore Madlund, 1253 West Broadway, who awaits his turn. Otto Drattz, route two, Winona, is being served by Andrew Lipinski, license registrations clerk, whose back is to the camera. Mrs. Lipinski, who is hidden from view by crate, is filling out the license form for R. H. Hustad, 211 West Sanbom street. Long lines of motorists who neglected to buy licenses until the last day kept the office jammed most of today. 'A Bonny Lad' Is Born Britain Cheers As Prince Arrives By Tom Williams London Buckingham pal- ace flashed word to-a" Jubilant Bri- tain today that the condition of bells pealed and joyous crowds clus- tered at the palace gates. They issued this bulletin: "Her royal highness Princess Eli- Princess Elizabeth and her new son zabeth has had some sleep during 'is satisfactory." I the night. Her condition and that Western Europe is clearly in pros- pect. The lowest guess for the first The doctors who attended the infant prince is satisfactory." jbirth at p. m. CST) last Britons still awaited an announce- night visited the mother and baby ment of the baby's weight but they year's cost is a billion dollars, and the final figure is almost certain to be more than this. To this, add China. It Is becoming dally more clear that the United States can either apathetically ac- cept the appalling catastrophe of a China totally dominated by thej Kremlin, or can make a great ef-i Tort to avert the catastrophe. Some' such effort is almost certain to be :rade, and there is no doubt that it will be costly. AT HOME, THERE are two less- er areas of probable increase. The early this morning while church j had assurances from members of the Israel Protests Troop Withdrawal Order By Francis W. Carpenter Palestine issue comes before the United Na- tions again today amidst strong Israeli protests against an order farm support program may well run! that Jewish troops withdraw from southern Negev territory they into the hundreds of millions, de-j after a U.N. cease fire directive. court that he is "a lovely boy, a really splendid baby" and "a bonny lad." Court circles said the wording of the doctors' bulletin, referring to "some" sleep, indicated the princess did not have an entirely restful night. Officials Late But the birth evidently was un- complicated and the labor short. The baby arrived so quickly some officials called to the palace for the birth still were on the way when the prince was born. Both doctors left the palace an There Seems to be some misunderstanding of ownership as John Murphy attempts to enter his car in Des Moines. A big, stray dog had taken possession of the automobile. Force, tricks and coaxing failed to evict the dog. Murphy fed the dog and walked away, leav- ing all doors open. When he returned an hour later, the dog had disappeared. Ownership of the dog was not determined. Wire- photo) hour after issuing their bulletin in-j area faces communist occupation if dicating all was well with mother the reds win out at Suchow. and son. The baby was bom in a specially prepared room on the second floor of the palace. Britain and the overseas domi- nions gave the infant, who may! one day rule the empire, a royal! Nanking (IP) Government troops fought today with the aid of a new mechanized arm to escape a massive communist trap in the battle for central China. Pro-government press dispatches indicated the attempt to crack 1 through the pincers movement was i succeeding, but they lacked con- firmation. Shanghai accounts went so far as to declare the nationalists had turned the red tide at Suchow Sunday. Suchow Is 200 miles northwest of Nanking. It is there the Chinese red army must be stopped or the road to the nation's capital will be open. Suchow itself might fall with- out serious consequence if govern- ment commanders can avoid en- trapment. Join Units All sources agreed the communists j had cut off General Huang-Fo-j Tao's seventh array corps at Nien tionalist soldiers looted Tientsin food shops Thursday. The whole pending on the size of crops and the world agricultural market. More- over, the President is committed to a program in the social security, housing, health and education fields which, according to a preliminary estimate by the Council, of Econo- mic Advisers, should cost about an extra half billion dollars. Against! all these increases, only compara- tively small savings, especially in tax] refunds and veterans' are possible. Thus it is obvious that unless the country is to invite disaster by operating deeply in the red, a tab of several billion dollars in increased taxes is going to have to be picked up by somebody. Who is it to be? To that question there is among the experts a pretty unanimous an- swer the corporations. The com- munity property provision of the new tax law will not be repealed. I The high-income brackets may have to carry an extra load. But the fact is that as regards the rich, the cow may not be exactly dry, but there is not enough milk left to fill the huge pail. That leaves the corporations, currently enjoy- ing the highest profits in history. World Awaits Berlin Peace Letter Reply By Francis W. Carpenter The general assembly's steering committee was called to a meeting at a. m. a. m., EST) to act on a proposal by Herbert V. Evatt of Australia, as- sembly president, to set up a special !58-natlon committee to debate the year-old Palestine war. The security council was sched- uled to meet at 3 p. m. (9 a. m., EST) to debate a British proposal to extend the U. N. truce now in effect in the Negev desert of south- ern Palestine to all of Palestine. Protest Order Israeli officials here and in Tel Aviv protested the order of Dr. Ralph J. Bunche, acting U. N. Pal welcome today. Last night's momentous news off the birth came in a terse announce- ment from the doctors attending the princess. Joyous thousands, who had waited for hours in the mild November evening, heard of the safe delivery nearly an hour after the birth. Cheers Go Up Attorney Seeks Decision by U. N. On War Crimes Broadfoot New Wisconsin High Court Justice Madison, Wis. For the second which also elected a Democratic governor. Taft may figure, his friends said, Oscar Rennebohm has picked a state at- torney general for membership on the state supreme court. St. Paul A state property tax levy of 6.77 mills for 1948, the lowest since the 1944 rate of 4.5 mills, was certified today by state auditor Stafford King to county au- ditors. The taxes are collectable in 1948. The state levy will be used with local, school district and county rates in formulating the tax rate on which property in the various coun- ties will be assessed. Debt Payment The 6.77 mill rate applies to non- homesteaded property, while home- steaded property will have a rate of 2.91 mills. Nonhomesteaded pro- perty In Minneapolis, St. Paul and Duluth carries a rate of 6.45 mills. The difference of .32 mill assess- ment outstate is for teachers' re- tirment purposes, with the three large cities having their own re- tirement plan. In 1947 the rate was 7.09 mills. The new levy is expected to raise approximately to meet state financial needs, with the largest part of it going toward payment of bonded indebtedness. The state legislature had decreed that the state levy should not go beyond 7.3 mills, and the new rate is .53 under thai limitation. Civil Defense Primer Issued Modern Warfare Methods Cited By Elton C. Fay Washington civil defense planners, advising; that air raid shelters afford only partial protec- tion from atomic attack, say the best preparedness for American cities is to have ready a system to save the injured, put out fires and prevent panic. What amounts to a primer for ihe public on what to do if hit by ihe' weapons of modern war was ssued over the weekend by the of- :ice of civil defense planning. It s a report by 43 experts to Secretary of Defense Forrestal. The recommendations are based m on the idea that civil defense is a The governor Saturday announced function of localities and that the the elevation of Attorney Genera Grover L. Broadfoot of Mondovl defeated for Republican nomina- tion in the September primary, to that any formal leadership duties! the state supreme court to succeec would take so much time they! the late Judge Elmer Barlow of :am-! would hamper his re-election cam W. Brooks ofj the situation stands, Taft will Kansas City, Mo., attorney for two Japanese convicted of war crimes, said today he planned to appeal the international tribunal's verdict to the United Nations and the world court. Brooks said a group of Japanese That was the signal for thunder- ous cheers, wild hand-waving and an outburst of enthusiasm such as austere London has not known since Elizabeth and handsome Prince Philip were married last November. parmS an appeal. The birth came six days before The lawyer said it was his belief the first anniversary of that dra- the United Nations should pass on go off the policy body automatically unless the Republican senators change the rules they adopted two years ago to rotate policy commit- tee memberships. Those rules can be changed by a majority vote. had raised enough yen for him to Taft, the showdown will come when continue to live in Japan while pre-iall of the Republican senators meet matic event in Westminster abbey. Paris An informed source1 estine received in Tell m time, the child doubtless will Aviv yesterday. The order calls'be designated Prince of Wales. This said today Secretary of State Mar- shall will answer for President T-u- on Israeli forces to withdraw not .an automatic title, but one shall answer for President Tru !Negey won from the j created. Throughout history it has man a United Nations leaders' army for a Berlin peace. U. N. Secretary-General Trygve! Lie and Herbert V. Evatt of 114 and turn over the town of Beer- to the Arabs. The U. N. pre- had ordered that hostilities last October been exclusive to the sovereign's eldest'son. the findings of the Tokyo tribunal, which sentenced seven Japanese war leaders to be hanged and 18 to prison. He said the security council might be the place for a decision. Only nations may appeal to the world court, but Brooks said he I in conference to organize their forces for the new Congress. At this point, unofficial nose counts indicate the Republicans might split about evenly for and against continuing the Ohio senator in his position of power. The same Republican insurgents Arcadia who died last June. At the same time, Rennebohm gave an interim appointment as attorney general to Thomas E. Fair- child, 36-year-old Milwaukee Demo- crat, who was elected to the office last week and would otherwise have been inaugurated January 2. The promotion of the 55-year-old veteran Mondovi political leader, former legislator and one-time mem- ber of the state Hoard of tax appeals, had been long expected. His defeat In the primary by Donald Martin of Milwaukee had been widely regarded as a political fluke. He was popular in his party and has a distinguished record of public service. He had been on get gunning for lia, president of the general assem-i cease on October 14. bly, dispatched letters Saturday to! If the order finally is carried out, the chief executives of the big soldiers will be pulled out powers asking for four power talks of a section of southern Palestine to settle the Berlin crisis. The letters were sent to Mr.'deep. Egyptian troops would hold about 20 miles long and 25 miles! assume it sooner. s son r have to wait for the honor until his mother became queen, but it Is felt in some circles that a special dispensation might enable him to Truman, Prime Minister their present positions and the U. N. THERE IS AS yet no agreement! prime Minister Clement Attlee ofj would supervise the evacuated area on what form increased corpora- Britain and Premier Henri Queuille I until a final Palestine settlement tlon taxes are to take. There are in of France. I is reached, the government two schools of thought. One school favors an ex- cess profits tax. The chief objec- tion is that a peace-time excess profit tax will tend to freeze the economy, to the disadvantage of the small business man. The second a simple increase .in the graduated tax on profits. The ob- jection here is that such an in- crease will add fuel to inflationary fires, since producers will tend to hand on the tax in increased to the bedeviled consumer. Inherent in both forms of In- creased taxation is the danger that business men will angrily respond by cutting expansion and other com mitments to the bone, bringing the specter of depression out of the to front and center stages. Yet the fact remains that the vast bulk of government spending is now essentially a response to Soviet pressure. No one likes high taxes. Yet it is difficult to see how very high taxes can be avoided, unless this country is simply to fold its hands in these menacing times and hope for the best while failing to prepare for the worst. If Governor Dewey knew any other alternative to high taxes, he never revealed it j The infant is second-in-line heir presumptive to the throne because there are several possible but unlikely contingencies in the suc- cession. felt he could find some nation will- j of Nebraska, who acted as party to put Japan's case before the floor leader in the last few months court for a test. "We'd like to know if this is to be the law in the he said. Dr. Ichiro Kiyose, Japanese coun- sel for Tojo, said he would appeal to General MacArthur to Set aside the tribunal's judgment that Japan was guilty of aggressive war but of the present Congress. Wherry has been one of the chief critics of President Truman's do- mestic and foreign proposals. Hej was of the few who voted against i the European recovery program, yet won re-election. There is less grumbling among would not ask for clemency for Tojo, I the Insurgents about Senator Mffli- who was sentenced to hang. Kiyose will file an abstract to Tojo's testi- mony that Japan acted in self de- fense. kin of Colorado, chairman of the Republican conference. He might even serve as a compromise choice, if a battle develops. timate friends and political associ- ates of the late Judge Barlow. Hair-Raising Tale Revealed Hollywood This is a hair-raising little story of "The Kid" of sUent film days. Jackie Coogan, now 34, re- ported to police yesterday the theft from his car of his toupee. actual operation should be up to the states and cities, with a fed- eral office of defense existing only for purposes of advice and coordi- nation. The report emphasizes that such existing agencies as police and fire departments provide an excellent starting point for civilian defense in time of attack. But because of the magnitude of attack that might be expected, the problem may be greater than any single police or fire department can handle. Therefore the civil defense plan- ners recommend the creation of volunteer mobile reserve battalions set up under state control and equipped In part by the federal gov- ernment. They would be rushed from central locations to aid any city in their area In' rescue, fire fighting or other post-attack disaster situa- tions. The planning group pointed out that the aim should be to build the whole civil defense structure on Tart alsoifrientUy terms with Rennebohm and had been one of the most in- volunteer groups which could be ex- OClitllA'l VYUCll.y Prior To Their pre-legjslative caucus, these three liberal bloc leaders in the Minnesota house of repre- sentatives conferred over session plans at St. PauL Left to right: Representatives Cortiss Olson of Ros- seau, Ed chilgren of Little Fork and Thomas Hetness of NeDlsvffle. Chilgren and Hetness were caucus candidates for speaker or the house. (AJP. Photo) Representative Boy Dunn, center, conservative bloc leader in the Minnesota house of representatives, visits with Representative Lawrence Haeg, left, of rural Hennepin county and Representative John Hartle, right, after the conservatives nominated Hartle for speaker over Haeg. Hartle was nominated November 12 at a pre-legislative caucus at St. PauL (AJP. Photo) panded swiftly if war came. The estimate was that in wartime as many as persons might be engaged in civil defense. But during normal times, the force would be to train volunteers, organizations to keep municipal and state defense units in existence and up to date on de- velopments, teams of specialists skilled In dealing with radio-active dangers, poison gas attack or the menace of what the planners called only "other special weapons." What this what mili- tary security did not allow the civil defense planning office to say open- germ warfare. From indirect references In the report, It is apnarent that some rec- ommendations! for protecting the population afainst bacteriological warfare have been decided upon. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Increasing cloudiness and warmer tonight; low 36. Tuesday mostly cloudy, becom- ing colder late afternoon or night; high in afternoon 50. LOCAL WEATHER.. Official observation for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 40; minimum, 36; noon, 39; precipitation .02. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 49; minimum, 28; noon, 49; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 13.