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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 12, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 228 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 12, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES A Hint Of Drifts To Come Winona had a taste of snow this morning, but by 10 a. m. only a trace remained. The scene above, taken at a picnic area across the lake, shows a forlorn winter land- scape with a light blanket of snow lying on the slope. A deserted picnic recently used for merry summer under bare oak trees. Republican-Herald photo by Merritt Kelley The Alsops New Sub Threat Frightening By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington Another Manhat- tan district Is needed. That Is the only possible conclusion from the shocking results of the Navy's re- cent Newfoundland war exercises. For those who missed the all too brief stories from the scene, the Newfoundland re- sults may be sum- marized as fol- lows. The plan for the exercises was for a strong task force of 100 Naval vessels to establish a bridgehead on the Newfoundland coast. The de- fensive role was assigned'to eight Schnorkel-equipped submarines, modeled on the high-speed, long- range, radar-proof Germany Type 21. The eight defenders "sank" vir- tually the entire Naval task force, and of course theoretically prevent- ed the landing. The significance of these results lies In a single bleak and simple set of facts, first reported In this space many months ago. The Soviet Navy is now primarily an undersea fleet. Under reparations, the Soviets secured from Germany component parts, complete submarines and equipment for building the Type 21. According to the most sober official estimates, the Russians already have 100 of these craft in operation, as, well as 100 short-range submarines Changes to Save Billions Suggested In Hoover Report By Sterling- F. Green Washington The Hoover commission urged a sweeping overhaul of Important parts of the government's executive branch Thursday and predicted It would save "a good many billion dollars." Headed by former President Herbert Hoover, the commission made these salient recommenda- tions: 1. An end to political appoint- ments in selecting the nation's or more postmasters. 2. A bigger, stronger Labor department. 3. Higher salaries for govern- ment officials. 4. Unification of the govern- ment's many housekeeping agencies into a single adminis- trative staff under the President handle bookkeeping, buying, budget-making and the like. Hoover disclosed the program In making public the first batch of tentative findings otthe 12-member two-party "commission on organ- (Continued on Page S, Column 5.) G.O.P. Pledges Defensive Aid For Europeans Washington A new G.O.P. pledge to help friendly nations re- gain their feet defensively raised administration hopes today for Re- publican backing of the forthcom- ing arms-for-Europe program. In a declaration aimed pointedly at Moscow, Senator Vandenberg of Michigan put his fellow congres- sional Republicans on nearly as any one man favor of helping western Europe Light Snowfall Covers Area, Melts Quickly The snow season is just around the corner. With temperatures hovering close to freezing, the early morning hours today brought Wi- nona and area a light but annoying snow. Although the hills and bluffs dis' played a brand new white blanket, the roads, at least the paved ones, remained in good condition. How- ever, the area gravel roads may be in for a somewhat worse time. Lewlston residents reported about an inch of snow. Galesville had just a bit more. Downtown Winona' buildings and houses were dripping torrents of water this morning but the warming temperature gave the streets and Tojo Sentenced to Hang For Japanese War Crimes Chinese Troops Gain Advantage Over Commies Chiang Studies Moving Capital Further South By Harold K. Milks Nanking Chinese govern- ment troops, effectively supported low-level strafing and bombing planes, were reported taking the upper hand today in a climactic battle with the communists north this capital. Field reports of Initial govern- ment successes came as new specu- ation arose that President Chiang Kai-shek was about to move the apital south, perhaps to Canton nd as American dependents were trongly advised to evacuate Tslng- AO, tr. s. fleet base. Dispatches from the Suchow bat- Je area, within 200 miles of Nan- king, said red General Chen Yi's naln forces were giving ground on tie flanks to government troops elnforced by the central China divisions of General Pai Chung-Hsl Efficient Raids Heavy and light bombers and ighter planes, making surprisingly fflcient raids on red concentra- ons, were credited in large measure or turning the battle at least tem- orarily in Chiang's favor. More than men by gov- rnment estimate are involved in iie battle. If true it's the largest in China's history. The battlefield broadly, is between the Yangtze river and the Lunghai railway- stretch of about 200 miles. It seemed probable here that no decision in the Suchow operations could be expected for two or three weeks. Foreign diplomats to .Nanking generally expected Chiang to order the capital transferred southward In view oi his decision to carry on what he calls his "eight years of war" against the reds. Several said, however, that such a move "must be made soon, or no HOOVER for coastal defense, and 100 long- range submarines without Schnor- kel or "breathing" equipment. Their program for building additional Type 21's is known to be important. RUSSIAN NAVAL planning is of; course hampered by restriction the Baltic, Black se Manchurlan ports and Vladivostok Even the red fleet L. estimated to be capable of main talning 35 Type 2l's continuously at sea. But the Schnorkel-breath- ing device, radar-proofing, and great speed render these craft al- most wholly immune to the old methods of antisubmarine warfare to defend itself. The Michigan senator, who steps down In January as chairman of the Senate foreign relations com- mittee, told the Reserve Officers association in Philadelphia lasl night: "While never neglecting prudent Hence the land task fate of the Newfound- force. Hence, also, the conclusion that if war should come soon, 35 Type 21's would come perilously close to severing the vital sea supply lines across the Atlantic Until this threat has been counter- ed, all American strategic planning must be considered a mere gamble. The picture is not all black, to (Continued on Page 7, Column 6.) ALSOFS Sophoulis Quits Greek Cabinet Athens Premier Themisto- kles Sophoulis handed the resigna- tion of his coalition Greek govern- ment to King Paul today. The king accepted it. Sophoulis said the king would summon Foreign Minister Constan- tln Tsaldaris, leader of the Popu- list party, to the palace to discuss the cabinet crisis before asking any leader or group to form a new gov- ernment. Sophoulis' coalition liberal-popu- conservation of our own resources, we shall aid other friendly, inde- pendent nations to stand on their own feet in defense of their own freedom. Western civilization shall survive." Vandenberg put this warning to Moscow on top of another assertion: That it would be a dangerous mis- calculation for the Kremlin to be- lieve that President Truman's elec- tion means any softening in Amer- ican opposition to further Russian expansion. While he did not specifically pro- mise support of any military aid plan, Vandenberg's statement seem- ed to represent a step beyond the point he was able to reach in his United Nations resolu- tion which the Republican-control- led Senate adopted last June. That resolution pledged only: "Progressive development of re- gional and other collective arrange- ments for individual and collective self-defense in accordance with the purposes, principles and provisions of the (United Nations) charter. "Association of the United States, by constitutional process, with such arrangements as are based on con- tinuous and effective self-help and mutual aid, and as affect its national security." It was under that rather vague mandate that the Truman adminis- tration began talks with western European nations about their arms needs. These talks are about to be stepped with 12 instead Maniac Blamed In Colorado Rape Slaying across the country today, but skies along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts remained clear. Light rain and some more snow will continue to fall later today and tonight In other regions of the country. The snow belt covered Minnesota and parts of Montana, the Dakotas, Iowa and more is predicted for Michigan and Wis- consin. Most of Eastern Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas we're greeted with light rain and the southwest gene- rally; had a snowy forecast for later today., The coolest weather was in North Dakota. Temperatures, generally leveled off to near normal in mos parts of the country, Miami's 8C was the nation's top mark Thurs< day and Los Angeles was close be er 19 as the deadline for petitions in behalf of the defendants to be submitted to him as reviewing of- Ticer of the tribunal's decision. Guard Assigned No date for the: carrying out of he sentences was set. A close guard was placed on all if the Japanese for fear some might try to take their own lives. Sentenced to hang were: Former Premier Tojo, known as lie razor during the war. The aiding little man tried to commit ulcide after the war. American lood plasma saved his life. General Kenjl Doihara. 64, the apanese undercover expert In China nd Manchuria. He was nicknamed The Bird of Evil Omen" by the Chinese. He helped to seat Henry on the puppet throne of Manchuria. Former Premier Koki Hlrota, a areer man who was present at the re-Pearl Harbor conference of don today but was grounded by fog. former premiers when war The London conference that will discuss the proposed pact will be the regular meeting of the five west Europe allies. Later the United States and Canada will be asked to join. Some purported details of the French proposals have been com- mon knowledge for the past week. One version was distributed by the semiofficial French press agency. Ramadler has warned newsmen Shey may be jailed for printing mil- tary information not contained in communiques'1. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Mostly :loudy tonight and Saturday. Ligh rain or snow likely early tonight STot much change in temperature Low tonight 34; high Saturday 44. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 43; mlTiiyimn, 32; noon precipitation, .16 and half-inch f snow; sun sets tonight at un rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota-Wisconsin: Tempera- tire will average near normal. Nor- mal maTrimum 35 north, 49 SOUth. ormal 19 north, 30 south. Three-Year-Old Jane Flynn of Washington places flowers on the grave of General of the Armies John J. Fershing in Arlington National cemetery. Her father, J. Marshall Flynn, fought under Pershing In the Hrst World war. CAJ. Wirephoto.) o major changes indicated although clearing skies will result in moder- ately low temperatures northern Minnesota and northern Wisconsin Sunday night and Tuesday night. Precipitation will average one-tenth to one-quarter inch most sections and around one-Salf inch southeast- ern Wisconsin. Occasional light snow northern sections of Minnesota and Wisconsin with snow most sec- tions Monday except rain or snow southeastern Wisconsin. Additional weather on page 3. were laid. General Selshiro Itagaki, former war minister and ranking Kwantung army officer at Mukden in the 1931 incident that started the Asiatic war. General Heltaro Kimura, vice- minister of war throughout Tojo's premiership. General Iwane Matsul, who com- manded Japanese troops in the rape of Nanking. Lieutenant General Aklra Muto, army chief of staff In the Philip- pines. Sentenced to Life General Sadao Arafci, a veteran of the Russo-Japanese war and war minister during the Japanese con- quest of Manchuria, Colonel Klngoro Hashimoto, known to the world mainly as the commander of the artillery that fired on the British gunboat Lady- bird and shelled survivors of the bombed U. s, gunboat Panay on the Yangtze in 1B37. Marshal Shunroku Hata, commander In China. Baron Klichlro Hiranuma, 82, former premier, eldest of the de- fendants and a powerful figure in Japan for more than a quarter of a century- Naoki Hoshiao, Tojo's cabinet secretary and former financial ex- >ert who directed the fiscal affairs of Manchuria. Okinori Kaya, former finance minister and head of the North China or- ganized to exploit conquered areas n China. Marquis Kochl Kldo, close adviser x> Emperor Hirohito. General Kuniakl Koiso, who suc- ,eeded Tojo as premier in 1944 and jreached continuance of the war. General Minazni, former war min- ster. Admiral Takasumi Oka, navy vice- minister and a submarine expert.
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