Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 11, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 227 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING NOVEMBER FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES Allies Defy New Air Lift Threat Prayers for World Peace Highlight Armistice Day By The Associated Press A prayer for peace girdled the glojre today as Americans throughout the world paused at the llth hour in silent tribute to the nation's war dead. On the 30th anniversary of Armistice day the veteran sons of doughboy fathers stacked arms before flower-strewn graves military and civilian lead- ers called for renewed dedication to universal peace. The center of the nation's ob- servance was the tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National cemetery. There scores of patriotic and civic groups once again readied wreaths for the hallowed site across the Po- tomac from Washington. Sounding a preparedness theme, Secretary of Air Syming- ton issued this holiday peace challenge to the nation: "If it takes patience, let us be patient; if it takes humility, let us be humble; if it takes strength, let us be strong." A 150-plane "raid" on Wash- ington by the air National Guard to stress the same postponed until Sun- day because of bad weather. Employment 246 Of (From One Year Ago Peak May Be_ Reached During Christmas Season Democrats Line Up Committee Control By Jack Bell Democrats Intend to load top Senate com- mittees with eight of their members to five Republicans in an effort to push President Truman's program through the newi time hish- Today one year after finding that employment in Wlnona hat reached an all-time high the Wl- nona employment office reported that the 12 intervening months have seen a slight drop in total employment. However, the employment situa- tion is regarded as "optimistic" and the peak figure of December, 1947 may be reached soon again, according to Stanley S. Ham- mer, manager of the Winona office of the Minnesota State Employ- ment service. Based on employers' estimates, Mr. Hammer predicted a December employment figure near that all- Congress, A Democratic official who asked not to be quoted by name told a reporter he feels his party should make its new 54 to 42 Senate advantage count at critical is one year that tnfi Four Killed In Pair of Car Crashes Fargo, N. D. Four persons were killed and nine others injured, two of them critically, in two auto accidents, one near here and the second at ffitterdal, Minn., last night. The mishaps occurred as the first general'and heavy snowfall of the swept the Red River Valley. Hazardous roads and poor visibility were blamed In part by traffic of- ficers for the crashes, each involving the collision of two autos. Killed when two machines came together on highway 10 seven miles west of Fargo were Annabelle Bjomtwedt, 20. Crosby, N. D., and Julius Zimprlch, about 60, Wishek, N. D. The six injured in that crash, all taken to Fargo hospitals, were: George Grinich, 21, believed to be from Jamestown, N. D.; Allen Laske, 58, and Mrs. Laske, 39, N. D., and Mr. and Mrs. Edwin I Laske, also of Leonard. He Is 50 and she 41. Dead In the Clay county, Minne- sota, accident were Mrs. George McEvers, Baker, Minn., sister-in- law of-the county commissioner, and Mrs. Andrew Siverson, Twin Valley, Minn. Injured were McEvers and Andrew and Sander Siverson, dead woman. first thorough employment survey here. It report- spots, ed then that the October, 1947, As he enumerated them, these may employment was the best ever, af- ter comparing the accurate count include top-heavy Democratic mem- berships on the 13-man labor, for- eign relations, banking, finance and Judiciary committees. The Republicans themselves laid with estimates made in previous years. Monthly Survey Since then, the employment off- ice has made a sample_survey each month and Issued a mimeographed the groundwork for such a move by report called "Labor Market taking eight to five control of the Trends." In December, 1947, it could report that another new all- time high had been In its November report issued! this week it reveals that the October, 1948, employment here was That's 246, or 1.7 per cent less than a year ago. Although lower than a year ago, Senate labor committee in the pres- ent Congress. Repeal Pledged That committee helped produce the Taft-Hartley act and weld it Into final form. President Truman has pledged efforts to repeal this act. To help i, the Democrats are expected o install Senator Elbert Thomas of Utah, a Taft-Hartley foe, as chair-1 payers' estimates, "he foresees a man and give him the backing of I December employment of over new members who take a like Earlier this month he of the law in its present form. Two present Republican members j dry today, putting about 80 off the of the committee, Jenner of Indiana payroll, interferes with that goal, and Ives of New York, will of production at the Ar- Armistice Third and Center streets: In the background, the American Legion color guard; la the circle formed by the Legion drum and bugle corps, the Marine Corps league firing squad, saluting the American war dead. Republican-Herald photo the figure Is 147 greater than for September, 1948. Mr. Hammer sees an upward places if the Democrats cut the G.O.P. membership to five. That will leave Senators Taft of Ohio, Alken of Vermont, Smith of New Jersey, Morse of Oregon and Donnell of Missouri. Morse left his party colleagues last June to vote to uphold the President's veto. Reverse Seen Under Republican control, most of the Senate committees have been divided seven to six in favor of the G.O.P. The larger appropriations committee had a 12 to nine margin for the Republicans, a situation the I Democrats are expected to reverse.! The Republicans were content to! handle international proposals with Changes Revealed Here's how the employment fi- Armistice Day ?if es Here Stir Memories By Adolph Brezner Armistice day this year is like old times. So say the World War I veterans, who watched ceremony at that brief memorial Third and Center streets In Winona today, heard the drums and saw the Interested crowds on the streets. Said one in comment on the me- morial ceremony. "That Legion out- fit gave it pep. Of course, the old C-egion corps did, too. But we never iiad anything like that Marine fir- ing squad. They were just perfect today." But even the World War II vete- gure has fluctuated since October, Irans- who now think more of Arm- istice day than VJ-day or VE-day, could see that the Winona obser- vance of the day that ended World War I was gaining new importance. Hardly Remembered In 1945, when they were just Telephone Workers Given Pay Boosts Ol tne; a seven to six division in their favor on the foreign relations committee. If the Democrats make it eight to five there, they will have four distribute 1947: October, 1947 November............... December January, 1948 February March April May June July..................... August September October A brief employment analysis of the trends during the year: October, 1947. to December, 1947 Although the employment re- mamed relatively stable, there coming home, the veterans recalled that the day swallowed up in the aftermath of VJ-day. I There was some aouot wnetner tne day should be observed. The import- 'ance of the World War I ending Chinese Engaged In Battle North of Yangtze By Harold. K. Milks greatest battle in Chinese more than men by government north of the Yangtze today with communist troops having a sllgh numerical advantage. Government Spokesman Lieutenant General Teng Wen-yl said the battle was joined along the Suchow defense line which guards the road td the national capital. Teng said government troops outfought the reds during the opening phases of the giant battle but that they had made successive, withdrawals to "shorten their lines." He said reds under Generals Chen YI, Liu Po-cheng and Chen Keng already were throwing all available manpower into the fight, on which hinges the fate of north central China. The government, too, was bring- ing up reinforcements, Teng said. Teng said the reds had hurled 21 armies numbering men into the battle. (Communist broadcasts heard In San Francisco by The Associated Moscow Visit Ruled Out By President By Ernest B. Vaccaro Key West, The 30th an- niversary of the close of the First World war found President Truman jrappling today with the problems iiat beset the peace again. Press said the reds have bottled up government troops in the Suchow The government spokesman said bhe communists had already suffered casualties around Suchow. naval submarine base, he kept aJHe said that was more than three :lose watch through advices from i times the number suffered by gov Prom his vacation retreat of this) beside the catastrophes of World Warn. But in 1946, the Marines, loyal buddies that they are, had banded together, formed a small firing squad and announced they would not forget Armistice day. These prized assignments to ________ among their members. Senators'were Salns manufacturing Connally is scheduled: tracle (because of the usual _ to become chairman I holiday expansion in retails sales veterans both World War I and Omaha Increases Such veteran Democrats as Hav- which were offset by lay-in were going to fire a salute employes in five states under alden Thomas of OUa at the North Western shops, at Third and Main streets at the i uv-ii a. ui I------- contract retroactive to October 31 homai xyaings of Maryland, Rus- a decline in the construction force will total yearly, the sell ot Georgia, Byrd of Virginia and other minor contractions. Northwestern Bell Telephone Com- McCarran of Nevada OMahoney of January to March The custom- pany reported last night: The con- Wyoming and Murray of Montana I31? decline in employment, which customarily reaches its low ebb here tract cents states, including Minnesota and the Dakotas. the new as_ Moscow gives average raises of workers in five j signments. Former Member Murray once was a member of the committee. And Democratic Senators Pepper of Florida, Green of Rhode Island. Hill of and Lucas of ninois, all members! e. Soviets Prepare Pacts in March. The decline is attributed historic hour at 11 a. m. If they wanted to get somebody else interested in remembering the war dead, they could just have.well stayed home. There were less than 25 people on that corner when the ernment currently is negotiating for trade pacts with delegations from five foreign countries. The latest trade groups to ar- The Soviet gov- before the congressional reorgani- zation act cut most Senate com- mittees back to 13 members, may be bidding for the places. If the Republican membership Is rive came to Moscow yesterday from: limited to five holdovers those Poland and Finland. Take Toll in Java Batavui, Dutch army today persons were killed, 46 abducted and 18 wounded in 305 terrorist incidents in Java (places would go to Senators Van-Jin the last two weeks. ._ _ _ ..Marines raised their rifles and vol- (Continned on Page 5, Column 7.) !ieyert thrice EMPLOYMENT Crowd DonHes Last year 1947 it wasn't much better. The Marines, still car- rying on alone, ..moved up to Thirc and Center. Maybe the crowd had doubled over a year, not more, bu it was a curious crowd. Most o: them seemed to wonder what i was all about. The police weren't around at the start and the cars sneaked through An Italian delegation has been m'denberg of Michigan, Wiley of Wis-l The report said the' incidents Ithe intersection, around the band of Moscow for several months. Morelconsin, Smith of New Jersey, Hick- recent arrivals were delegations from Yugoslavia and Bulgaria. enlooper of Iowa and Lodge of Massachusetts. ranged from shooting into militaryj camps to sabotage, looting and Marines in the center of the in- (Continned on Page 3, Column 3.) ARMISTICE DAY Filings Open Tuesday for City Offices; Primary February 14, Election April 4 Now that Winonans have about completed their postmortems on the presidential election, they can start talking about upcoming balloting: The city elections. The city primary is scheduled for February 14 and the general for April 4, but the months of discus- sion about possible candidates wtti start simmering down to actualities starting next first day for filing. Candidates for nomination to the nine city offices open will have until January 5 to file with County Audi- tor Richard Schoonover, and the candidates for the five board of edu- cation posts open will file by peti- tion after the primary election. Terms expiring are those of Mayor John Druey, Alderman-at-Large Robert Dorsch, First Ward Alder- man Ben Deeren, Second Ward Al- derman Walter Dopke, Third Ward Alderman William P. Theurer, Fourth Ward Alderman Stanley Wieczorek, Municipal Judge E. D. Libera, Special Judge Loren Torger- son, City Treasurer Otto Pietsch and the following school directors: A. L. Kltt, first ward; J. S. McConnon, second; A. G. Lackore, third; Miss EfBe L. Bean, fourth, and H. M. Bierce, at large. All terms are for four years except those of the mayor, the alderman- at-large and the director-at-large. For the first time, Winonans won't have a chance to vote for one city official: City assessor. By action of the Minnesota legislature, acting on a request of the city council, that job was made an appointive position- Next April 1 the city council will appoint the assessor. There's another change. Hereto- fore, the treasurer been elected for two years, now hell be elected for four years. That change is also on authority of an act of the 1947 state legislature. Candidates for the school director- ships will be required to file petitions with signatures equal to ten per cent of the vote cast In this month's gen- eral election in the wards they wish to represent However, no petition need have more than 500 signatures. Next year's city primary will be another demonstration of the inade- quacy of the present city charter. This act passed by the Minnesota provi- a city general election, but makes no mention of a primary election. Consequently, in lieu of applicable city law, the primary must be con- ducted -under state law. According- ly, filings are with the county audi- tor and the county must furnish the supplies. Candidates for .school directorships file with City Recorder Roy G. Wild- grube. I the State department over newes Russian maneuvers involving block aded Berlin. The commander of Battery D 129th field artillery, in the Firs World war took no special observ ance, however, of the anniversary of the Armistice day that brough that conflict to an end. Vanghan Designated He designated Major General Har ry H. Vaughan, his military aide represent him at Armistice da ceremonies of the Key West Ameri can Legion post. At the same time, he continuei to give study to the need for an agreement to ease the strain o American-Russian relations. Meanwhile, the White House mad it clear that there was no plans o any kind for a Truman-Stalin meet- ing and that the President has m Intention to go to Moscow. But the White House welcome mat is still ou if Premier Stalin should change his mind and decide to visit Wash- ington for a conference. Barkley Mnm No official word has come from Mr. Truman's associates as to whether he might still be consider- ing sendini; a personal emissary to talk with rhe Russian leader. Senator Alben W. Barkley, the vice president-elect, shed no light on his conferences with the Presi- dent when he met with the press nformally at a softball game yes- terday. Reporters wanted to know about legislative plans, and about prospec- tive changes In the administration personnel. Barkley said he wouldn't discuss anything but "the blueness of the water and the hotness of the sun' at this southernmost city. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and fair tonight and Friday. No im- jortant temperature change. Low onight 30; high Friday 44. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: ernment troops. Government warplanes of all des- criptions were hurled Into the battle described by Teng as larger anc more bitter than any fought during the Sino-Japanese war. In Nanking and Shanghai martial law restored order after food riots had disrupted the routine in both cities yesterday. Food shops reopened In Nanking, Residents calmed down from yes- terday's hysteria. But in Shanghai many Jammed railroad stations try- ing to get out of the city to safety in the country. On the political front, the official CJentral News agency said Premier Wong Wen-hao had withdrawn his resignation and agreed to continue in office under a new policy. Rigid censorship was declared. Foreign newsmen as well as domes- tic were placed under the censor- ship rule. Under martial law Chinese ifficlals may use either post-pub- icatlon or pre-publication censor- ship. As the great battle raged just 170- miles northwest of here, all American military groups moved out iheir wives and children. They were lown to the American controlled port of Tsingtao northeast of here and Shanghai. irm 43; minimum, 33; noon, 19; precipitation, .01; sun sets to- night at sun. rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 5. Price Support Battle Looms National Grange Scores Proposal By Ovid A. Martin Portland, Maine A sharp fight in the next Congress over farm price support laws was fore- cast today by leaders of the Na- tional Grange. Here for the farm organization's 82nd annual convention, Grange leaders expressed opposition to a congressional proposal for drastic revision of- a long-range farm law passed by the Republican-controlled 80th Congress. They also predicted the proposal would be opposed by President Tru- man and his Agriculture depart- ment. The revision proposal was made Russ Warn Craft Outside Berlin Lanes U. S. and Britain Continue to Pour Supplies Into City By Wes Gallagher Berlin American and Bri- tish planes flew the supply route to Berlin today in the face of a Russian threat to force down straying from the 20-mile wide air corridors to the former German cap- ital. The American answer to the Rus- sians' threat, made last night, was a terse promise from General Lu- cius D. Clay, American military governor, that "we will keep them flying." Both British and U. S. authori- ties, said publicly the Russians would be held responsible for any action they take. The Russians, citing a long list of alleged violation of their ter- ritory, also said they would force down "all aircraft without Identifi- cation marks of nationality" flying over the Soviet zone, Including the three air corridors. May Use The second threat presumably re- fers to non-military planes, which do not carry nationality markers. The Russians have complained of commercial nights In the Berlin air corridors. Some official sources tended to discount the Soviet note as an- other move in the "war of nerves." Although both Britain and the U. S. have said in the past they would use fighter escorts .If nec- oessary to keep the airlift going. American pilots said they had standing orders to obey any So- viet fighter plane seeking to force them to land. A senior American air officer who declined to be quoted by name said: "If this Is a Russian bluff and '.i looks like one we called It. Now It remains to be seen how far they intend to go." Another group of Allied officials ook a more serious view of the Russian threat. They pointed out wevlous threats of action against iie airlift had been threatened in he Soviet press but the Russians had not heretofore committed them- selves in official notes. New Move DisclOttd The new Soviet move was dls- losed when Brigadier General C. K.. Galley, Clay's chief of staff, eplied to a letter from General G. Lukjantschenko, Russian chief f staff. Galley noted the Soviet threat to orce planes "to land, on the nearest Irfield la the Soviet zone" and lid: "You are informed that full and complete responsibility will rest on the shoulders of Soviet authorities should any injury be sustained by any of our personnel or any dam- age accur to our planes as a re- sult of Soviet action taken in this connection." The three air corridors between Berlin and western Germany were established by four-power cgree- due to become chairman, of the _ ment. They are approximately 20 is an international air band around powerful House agriculture commit- tee in January. Cooley's Parity attack Price on the program was directed principally at revision of a formula for calculat- jjg the so-called "parity" or "fair" farm prices and a shift to a flexible support program. Both are due to become effective in 1950. -iquor Violations Net County Virginia St. Louis county coffers today held an extra he total ol fines levied against 13 Iron Range operators and employes 7bo pleaded guilty yesterday to quor law violations. Arrests followed an undercover Investigation of more than a month y state liquor control agents, de- uty sheriffs anfl Police of Eveleth, Gilbert and Mountain Iron, where the offenses occurred. Pleading guilty to possession of quor without a license, Lloyd Eaetels paid a fine and Michael Koplarovich Both men operate laces in Gilbert. Ed Obsertar, Eve- eth, similarly accused, paid The ten others, including two wo- men, paid fines each for sell- ing intoxicants In the three com- munities after hours. (Parity is a price calculated fo give farmers a return on their pro- ducts equal to that prevailing in a former period generally favorable tx agriculture.) The Grange, as well as the Amer can Farm Bureau federation sup ported these provisions when they were before the last Congress. Albert S. Goss, master of the tional Grange, said his farm or- ganization was expected to oppose the revision. In his keynote speech at the open- Ing session of the Grange conven- tion, Goss described the G.OP. law as providing essential "defenses against another farm depression. Fight Predicted Herschel D. Newsome, master o: the Indiana state Grange and mem- ber of the convention's committee on agriculture, predicted the Grange would fight Cooley's "plan to kill improvements in the federal farm program." The new farm law would lower parity prices raise them products. on most crops and on most livestock It also would replace the present rigid 90 per cent parity price sup- ports for basic crops with a system jf flexible supports ranging from 60 to 90 per cent of parity. Supports would be high in times of crop shortages to encourage pro- duction and low in times of sur- pluses to discourage overproduc- ion. Goss, who was among the first to urge the flexible system, favors It >ecause, he said, it would lessen the need of government controls. Berlin 20 miles wide. The Russians have tried to alter the corridor agreement and recent- GOP Iy clalmed such agreements ex- isted. The western powers have re- buffed the Soviet moves. Fairmont Police Chief Wins Case Fairmont A Martin coun- ty district court Jury last night freed Fairmont Police Chief Henry C. Plenge of liability In a damage suit brought against him by a Madelia youth. After two days of testimony, Jurors received the case at 4 p. m. yes- terday and returned their verdict six and one-half hours later. The action was brought by Cur- tis Yerkes, 22, who claimed Plenge struck him In the face with a re- volver after stopping his car on the highway near St. James last May. The episode occurred while Plenge, with Claude N. Swanson, editor of ;he Fairmont Daily Sentinel, were' in St. James seeking three masked gunmen who fled with in cash and jewelry after handcuffing Fairmont policeman to a stair- way. Plenge testified that the Yerkes car passed his and'that he thought" t might have contained the men.' sought. He said he fired a shot at be machine to halt it, Yerkes said the chief grabbed his shirt and at- tempted to pull him from the auto. "When I reached for his arm, Plenge struck Yerkes testified. Yerkes has also filed degree Plenge, assault who Is second. charge against free on bail" pending trial of the action at the spring court term here.