Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 10, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 43, NO. 226 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 10, 1948 FIVE tENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES merican Residents Flee Shanghai The Alsopy President Intervenes For Chi ma Teachers Colleges, University Seeking To Expand Building California Brush Fire In Check Santa Ana, worst appeared to be over today in a brush fire which threatened some 35C homes and caused evacuation of j persons 50 miles southeast of Los Angeles. Subsiding winds helped hundreds By Joseph and Stewart Alsop St. University of Minnesota and the state's Washington. President Truman I teacners' colleges seek to expand their present building programs; Canyon" m has already made his bow, an additionaf (tains. spicuously but significantly, in his] This was revealed today In a report to he considered by the' Residents of the community of new role as the active shaper oft legislative research committee at the state capital Monday. j.____I____ _ .mv J.J.AI. Sflfplv Unions Plan Fourth Round Pay Hike Drive Government Report Of Living Cost Boost Starts Move American foreign policy. Almost be- fore the ballots were counted, he wired to Washing- ton from Inde- pendence, Mo., that in his opin- ion the crisis in China demanded positive American action. The poll-j cy-maklng dovecotes were consider- ably fluttered by the President's un- expected intervention. The situation had been reviewed, however, before Truman's return in triumph to the White House. Before his departure for Key West, he is- sued his interim directive. It was a brief order that the Marine gar- rison should not be withdrawn from the communist-threatened North China port of Tsingtao, and that all steps should be taken to get Amer- ican arms to the forces still resisting the communists in the North China area. THE POSmVENESS and the speed of the President's action are both worthy of remark. For three years, the Far Eastern policy of the United States has largely consisted of alternate bouts of hand-wring- tag and advice from the sidelines. The theory that the best policy was, to effect, to have no policy at all, was strongly held In the Far Eastern division of the State department. It! was also stoutly maintained by Sec- retary of State George C. Marshall. Doubts as to this theory's validity have only begun to arise very re- cently, when total catastrophe in China began to seem Imminent. The President's Intervention implies that a serious search for a positive China policy will now be made. On the other hand, the particular steps the President has taken em- phatically do not constitute such a policy. The Navy first proposed eva- cuation of Tsingtao, to avoid con- flict with the communist forces, as long as six months ago. The Navy stand has been strongly opposed by the Army. Hurricane Warnings Posted Miami, Fla. Hurricane warnings were ordered hoisted from Cape Lookout to Cape Hatteras on the North Carolina coastline today as small and unusually late tropical disturb- ance swirled toward the main- land with 75 mile an hour winds. It was expected to hit along the North Carolina coastline this afternoon. The storm was located about 120 miles southeast of Wilming- ton, N. C., at a. m. and moving northward at about 20 miles per hour, Cape Lookout is a tiny point jutting into the Atlantic about 75 miles south of Cape Hat- teras. It was the second time this year that warnings have been displayed in the same area. Early in the season a tropical storm threatened the North Carolina coast, but veered off into the Atlantic. study was made by a committee on education headed by Senator A. L. Almen of Balaton. The university is engaged to an building program and the teachers' colleges have a program totaling under way. By Norman Walker yon were safely evacuated Monday Washington A government when gales whipped up a fierce fire report that wages still are lagging to half a dozen smaller, unpopulated behind prices gave unions fresh ammunition today for their fourth Yesterday flames roared atop a round pay boost offensive ndge between Ladd and Silverado The new wage demands already the fire (are developing. The AJP.L. recently SOVIET PRESS PLAYS HINT OF TRUMAN-STALIN TALKS uner way wr Requests for new construction at luckily the wind shifted and died! rirSve THE PRESIDENT has now settled the dispute in favor of the Marines remaining at their posts. Perhaps the 3.000 men who are now at Tsing- tao may even be re-inforced, if Vice- Admiral Oscar C. Badgor, command- Ing 'ji China, considers this desir- able. But the President's order does not require that Tsingtao be held at all costs. On tfce contrary, there Is every reason to believe that un- less American policy changes] further, the Marines will be with- drawn if and when a genuine com- offensive develops in the area. The effort to expedite American aid to the non-communist forces to North China also has peculiar over- tones. The energetic E.CA. admin- istrator for China, Roger Lapham, has recently been in Washington, Truman Silent On Decisions Barkley Joins Vacation Parry By Ernest B. Vaccaro Key West, Fla. Senator Alben W. Barkley's arrival at Presi- dent Truman's southern vacation retreat stirred renewed speculation today of important decisions ahead. The only word that came from temporary White House headquar- ters, however, had to do with the weather and open-neck Irish linen sports shirts. From all that was told officially, the top running team of 1948 had nothing more on their minds than I a romp at the beach and a snooze to the sun. Talk of Flshine And Leslie L. Biffle, the director of the Senate Democratic policy committee and the prospective new secretary of the state, talked only of fishing. Biffle arrived with Barkley on a 000, and the land acquisition andlverado village, repair and Betterman requests are estimated to cost to excess of The teachers' colleges de- sire to expand their present im- provement programs by approxi- mately Enrollment Peak Some of the authorized construc- tion at the university and a portion of the requested construction at the, teachers' colleges and the university! would be financed by means other than legislative appropriations, the subcommittee pointed out. Indications are that the peak of veteran enrollment already has been massed but enrollments to gentra! ire expected to decline until about the mld-1950's when the trend is expected to reserve, the study group believes. New highs, however, are anticipated in the 1960's. The committee is not permitted to make recommendations under the loan creating the legislative research committee. Nevertheless, it did make the suggestion that in Not a single house in the village was burned. However, officials said an isolated cabin or two may have been caught. Last, night fire fighting officials said the situation was holding with- out change. State Forester Joseph Scherman said that with good luck in a day or -to they might call Sil- verado safe. U.N. Committee Votes to Act In Balkan Row By Edward Curtis ________________OD_____ paris The United Nations consideration of requests for build- committee approved over- ings at the university "priorities as whelmingly today a resolution de- and cut costs to clear the way for pay raises without new price hikes. And an industrial relations re- search firm has just reported that "a few fourth round buds'are be- ginning to bloom." This firm, the National Foremen's Institute, said a survey of 600 newly negotiated labor contracts showed an initial pattern of about cents an hour more. Initial Rounds The first three postwar pay in- crease rounds averaged out at about 'A cents, 15 cents and 11 cents an hour, respectively. The Labor bureau of labor statistics said in its report j today that wage rates for factory workers have Jumped 43 per cent since VJ-day but price increases have "largely canceled out the ad- vance." However, the actual pay received by factory distinguish- ed from their pay an average of 30 per cent a week and 33 per cent an hour in the By Eddy Gllmore Moscow The Moscow press gave heavy.play today to a Tass dispatch from Washing- ton quoting an American news- paper as saying President Tru- man may come to Russia for a personal talk with Prime Minister Stalin. The fact that this item was published here at all is not with- put significance. The newspapers made no comment on the report, but it is hardly likely it would have been published if the editors did not look upon it as a serious, worthwhile piece. Its publication caused much comment in the foreign colony of Moscow. The Soviet news agency dis- patch said the Washington Times Herald printed the re- port. (The dispatch may have referred to a syndicated column, Tris Coffin's Daybook, published in the Times Herald. It said Monday President Truman wants a conference with world leaders on peace might even go to Moscow.) The dispatch said that, "Al- though no definite decision has been reached, Truman presumes he can meet Stalin at his place (presumably Washington) In- stead of going to Moscow. it added, "if Stalin does not leave the Soviet Union, Truman is filled with such determination to put into ef- fect his program of peace that possibly he will himself go to Moscow. Every Moscow newspaper, from the smallest to the larg- est, printed the Truman-Stalin report. 1 An authoritative foreign source said: "It is possible. It Is possible." This informant said he knew of no such plans but added that the American president is sin- cerely interested in trying to settle world issues and might take such a step. Another foreign source said that, while such a meeting was possible eventually, a three- power meeting of British, French and Americans was likely to precede it in order to work out an agreement on the approach. Persons who follow Russian policy closely said they believe if such an effort came from the West, Stalin probably would look favorably upon it. Stalin still is in the south on his annual vacation. Food Rioting Flares As Red Drive Gains Forrestal Off to Europe ToConferWithU.S.Aides By Elton C. Fay civilian boss ol the United States' armed forces was due in Europe today. There, it was announced, Secretary of Defense Forrestal will talk with American officials at Paris, Frankfurt, Berlin and Lon- :hree years since Japan surrender- don, including General Lucius D. Clay, American commander In listed by university officials be ac- cepted." Education Function "Operations of the university Is a arge and complex undertaking, and its administration officials are inti- nately acquainted with its the report cites. "But, a different situation is present with respect to 2ie teachers' colleges. Their func- tion to the field of higher education has not been clearly defined to the satisfaction of all parties concerned. manding that Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia settle their Balkans dis- pute with Greece. The SB-nation committee of the general assembly voted 48 to six for the resolution as a whole. Pre- viously the committee had approved sections of the resolution, one para- graph at a time. The six eastern European na- ed. This led the bureau to observe that: "Rising prices have more than offset the increases to gross weekly and hourly earnings. The consumers price (cost of living) index for moderate 'income families in large cities rose by about 35 per cent over the three-year period." Living: Cost Rise The bureau's figures show that wage rates Increased per cent tions spearheaded by Russia voted I between October, 1947, and Sep- against the resolution, sponsored the United States, Britain, France Ui fctli Uili LiCi J.1 "inasmuch as the function to be were performed has a distinct bearing on or not voting. During today's debate colleges should be consider- ed with respect to the declared poli- cy of the legislature concerning their 'unction. Perhaps the time is ripe 'or a re-evaluation of their role n the field of public education in Minnesota." Teachers colleges are located at Winona, Bemldji, St. Cloud, Moor- lead and Mankato. The Duluth low a branch of the on the Alexander Bogoniolov said "the whole world knows that the United tember> 1948> a Period in which the 1MnS cosfc rose 6'5 Per cent. Comparable figures on the gain in actual earnings for the same period were not given. The bureau said there are several reason why actual earnings don't show as much increase as the 43 Germany. And there seemed no reason to believe he would pass up any chance to confer with officials of other friendly governments in Eu- rope where this country has a high military stake. The formal announcement of Forrestal's trip said he would "dis- cuss proBlems affecting the national military establishment" with Amer- ican officials in Europe. And any development concerning military aid to the western alliance Is directly related to problems of the American military establishment. Arms Supply Looming large is the question of how much and what kind of arms! Frankfurt, Germany The Reich Firms Will Revert To Germany States' military mission is the cent JumP to wage rates. boss in Greece." One is that the employes are He said passage of the resolution'working fewer hours with less op- endorses American interference injPortunity for such premium pay as the internal affairs of Greece. The resolution would continue the work of the U.N. special commit- tee on the Balkans (UNSCOB) and "iwould authorize TJNSCOB to con- versity of Minnesota. tinue its observation The enrollment of the university northern borders now is almost students. The normern borders. on Greece's combined enrollment of the five teachers' colleges is about Serving on the subcommittee with Chairman Almen were Representa- tive Floyd O. Flom, Glen wood; Sen- ator Gerald T. Mullin, Minneapolis; UNSCOB would report on the re- sponse of Albania, Bulgaria and Yu- goslavia to the demand that the overtime and night differentials. Hence although their straight-time rates have gone Up they may receive less money than they were getting during the war. the United States can supply the western European nations to help them guard against aggression. Arms for western Europe must come either from present stocks of vast German coal, iron and steel industries in the bizonal area will revert to German ownership in the "near the British and American military governments an- the United States armed forces orjnounced today, be provided from sources upon "The military governors, however which our armed forces rely for their own equipment. Forrestal still is in the process of preparing new budget estimates for the Army, Navy and Air Force. Another reason is that a larger I The needs of our armed forces in proportion of workers now are em- Europe, plus whatever military help ployed in the "generally lower-wage consumer goods than in the former high-skill war work. Navy plane yesterday afternoon. creraia i. ivuuim, volt the-Greek government, Reporters, trying to learn about The resolution now foes to the impending cabinet and other ad- ministrative changes, found Barkley pressing a plan to by-pass Gene- and Biffle even less so, ralissimo Chiang Kai-shek and to I Just carne down for a rest. Stve direct aid to local Chinese j said Barkley. "I'm not talking forces .resisting the communists, politics." Lapham's main motive is that the- China leader, General Fu Tso-Yi, is distrusted by the generalissimo, and McGrath Due But no one doubted that the course of future administration has therefore not been supplied very I legislative proposals will be charted liberally. Apparently the germ Lapham's idea is contained in the Truman order, although no one ne leaves Florida within k _ Senator J. Howard McGrath, seems to know'whether or how the I chairman, is idea will be implemented. expected tomorrow. j No one doubts that he and the Sauk Rapids, and Representative E. B. Herseth, KIttson county. Eel Fails Rapidly Stockholm An 88-year-old eel in the museum of Halsingborg, to be the oldest aquarium fish in the falling; rapidly. Caught by two boys in a j to death. creek outside the south Swedish j only Yugoslavia's Ales Bebler three countries cease furnishing aidj. The government agency found to Markos_Vaflades' communist I that earnings in nonmanufacturlng industries have varied from those in factories. Hourly wages to retail trade rose 38 per cent in the three- year postwar period, but only 23 guerrillas. The guerrillas are in re- general assembly, where a two- thirds majority vote is necessary for adoption. Delegates in the 58-nation com- mittee voted almost unanimously yesterday to clamp the ten-minute limit on future speeches after U. S. Delegate John Foster Dulles accus-j finally might be decided for Eu- rope, undoubtedly will be reflected are retaining a certain control of powers" the announcement said. General Lucius D. Clay is the American military governor to Ger- many and General Sir Brian Rob- ertson is Britain's top occupation official. The industries, Including those of -_ i-he Ruhr, have technically been to Fen-esters requests to the White owned by the governors House and Congress for money. Ss Plans for Forrestals trip were made at a White House conference Saturday.. Forrestal's aidfc here Insisted the reau said. ed members of the Soviet bloc of at- tempting to filibuster the resolution city in 1863, the eel, named Putte in English, "Pueppchen" m German) has outlived his captors. About a year ago Putte developed a IT IS THUS obvious whv the two IPresldent talk over tne makeup tumor and is now getting weaker one nrricrori hv of the cabinet that will take over and weaker. Experts on fishes' di- steps ordered by Truman do not, ini win consultations, him. London Awaits Royal Birth and of themselves, constitute a K China policy. Holding the Marines! be.brought mto at Tsingtao is a gesture, in the lastj to such regional leaders as General! Traditions Will D6 Upheld Fu means encouraging the pres ent tendency for these men to break away from the generalissimo's na tional government. If this hap pens, the national government wil collapse. China will be divided be- tween a number of war lords and the communists. And the communists being far the strongest and best organized stogie element, will then take on and destroy the war lords one by one, until they control all of China that matters. The tragedy is that if the Presi- dent had only ventured to beard Secretary Marshall in his den six months ago. instead of last week, an American effort in China might well have borne important fruit. While the State department stood for the policy of having no policy, the De- fense department, and especially the Army, continued six months ago to advocate preventive American ac- tion. Now, however, the China situ- ation has deteriorated to the point where even those who used to plead most strongly for action have begun to feel that American intervention will be a waste of effort and re- sources. The gravity of this fact is hard to exaggerate. President Truman may want a positive China policy, but a policy can hardly be evolved, when even China's friends assert that there is almost no hope. who at times has spoken as long as three hours on the Greek-Bal- kans Issue, opposed the time limit. At the other end of the Palais de ChaiHot, U.N.'s Paris headquarters ,the security counca wrestled with seases have not been able to help another hot political Pal- estine case. By Edward L. Campbell London The birth of Princess Elizabeth's baby, ex- pected this weekend, will be as unceremonious as royalty can manage to make it. But traditions that die hard in this land of long memories will see to it that the general public gets a good show of pomp and circumstance. As the day approaches for the arrival of a second-In-line heir presumptive to the throne, ex- citement is mounting in London. When the news is flashed to the world, Londoners from the Cockney east end to swank Mayfair can be depended upon to stage one of those mass turnouts that demonstrate the popularity of the royal family. King George VI has tried to tone down the event. That was made clear in his unexpected decision to dispense with the "archaic custom" of having the home secretary come to the palace to "witness" the royal birth. On this occasion, for the first time since James n became the father of the "Old there will be no representative of the people "in the proximity" of the delivery room. It was the popular suspicion that James1 son was not royal, but changeling smuggled into the palace in a warming pan, that started the custom. This time the king's secretary simply will telephone Home Sec- retary James Chuter Ede, who In turn will phone the lord mayor of London. The lord mayor then will notify the dean of St. Paul's cathedral. St. Paul's dean will call out the members of the Antient Society of College Youths, an honorary group of veteran bell ringers who will peal the bells of the great cathedral in honor of the royal birth. Other bells will peal from Westminster Abbey and in the cathedral towns of Canterbury and York. The king's secretary also will cable the news to the heads of the seven dominions, touch- ing off popular celebrations in those globe-circling countries. As the messages are flashed and throngs of Londoners cla- mor in front of Buckingham Palace for a glimpse of the new father, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the guns of the royal army and navy will be unlimbered. Then 41-gun salutes will be fired on Tower in Hyde Park, at all the major army and navy shore establishments and on British ships at sea. Every .unit of the royal fleet will dress ship, flying flags at mastheads. On the bigger ships bands will play, and in the wardrooms toastH will be lifted to the new heir. The princess is awaiting the event in good spirits and excel- lent health. Prince Philip has canceled all engagements to be with her constantly. per cent in finance, 'insurance trip was caused by no ur. real estate establishments, the bu- situation or crisis. They said he had wanted to go for some time and that his schedule now per- mitted a short visit abroad. In Paris, where he was scheduled to land this afternoon, it was ex- pected he would meet with Secre- tary of State George C. Marshall and W. Averell Harriman, specal re- covery plan representative. Forrestal is due to Frankfurt early Friday, then will fly to Ber- lin for a talk with Clay. He will leave the same afternoon for London. Forrestal is scheduled to arrive back to Washington Sunday night. Rail Traffic Expert Dies Minneapolis Frank B, Townsend, 73, executive vice-presi- dent of the Minneapolis Traffic association and nationally known (raffifi expert, died today at North- western hospital after a short 111- since the end of the war. New German companies will be established to operate the com- panies, subject to these stlpula- New Comet Visible Throughout Nation Cambridge, Mass. You may get a good look at the new comet you may be. Charles Federer, editor of Sky and Telescope, said today, "it may stay well to our sky" for a couple more days. Chances of seeing it tomorrow or, Friday from any part of the United States, are favorable; the time to look just before sunrise, near where! the sun first appears. Clear weather would make the prospects better. And there's a big the comet doesn't do a fadeout as they sometimes do. Federer, who is working with astronomers at Harvard observatory in charting the comet's course, said reports indicated it is moving west- ward and southward. For those who know something about sky science, here's the way he put it- The comet is moving south at the speed of three-fourths of a degree each day; it's moving westward Townsend was well known for his battles against freight rates which discriminated against this territory. A native of Kirbyville, Mo., he entered railway service at 17 in the accounting and traffic department eight minutes of time each day. of the Iowa Central railway at In moving westward, It's moving away from the sun. As the comet was first sightec three days ago, this means it's now 24 minutes away from the sun and this improves the chances of seeing it. M Handyman Sentenced Baltimore VP) Eugene H. James, 31-year-old Negro handyman today was sentenced to hang for the knife slaying last July 6 of 11-year- old Marsha Brill. James also is under indictment n Washington for the remarkably similar slaying of 11-year-old Carol Bardwell only nine days earlier. i Marshalltown. tions: 1. There will be no "excessive con- centration of economic power." 2. Persons who "permitted and encouraged" the Nazi party will be banned from positions of ownership and control. 3. The drastic reorganization shall not prejudice a possible future de- cision by a German government as to whether the industries will be socialized. Quick Action By Surgeon Saves Patient Point Pleasant, N. J The anesthetist turned to Dr. Henry S. Ivory during a minor abdominal operation on a woman patient yesterday to report that her heart had stopped beating. In another moment, the patient stopped breathing. Dr. Ivory started artificial respi- ration, called for heart and respit- ory stimulants. They proved un- availing. General hospital staff made decision immediately. He cut through the girl's chest wall, reached into the chest cavity and began to force her heart to ___ _. pump again by manipulating the After military service to the Span-1 delicate organ with his hands. Soon ish-American war, Townsend be- came associated with the Minne- apolis St. Louis railroad. He served to various capacities with the road, including vice-president and chief traffic officer for the receiver, until 1925 when he was named director of the Minneapolis Traffic association. Townsend was credited with sav- ing shippers millions of dollars to freight charges. Surviving are his widow, a daugh- ter, Mrs. J. H. Tillisch of Rochester, Minn., and two grandchildren. Funeral services will be at Da vies Mortuary, Minneapolis. The date will be announced later. the heart was pumping on its own. Today, the patient, Miss Rose Haven of Lakewood, a former Navy hospital aide, was reported to fair condition by Mrs. Josephine Fraser, acting supervisor of nurses at the hospital. Mrs. Fraser said the op- eration had been performed before when dire emergencies demanded such drastic' steps. Educators Seek Change St. The state teachers college board today voted unani- mously to ask the next legislature to permit teachers colleges to award masters' degrees. Emergency Ships, Planes Evacuate Jittery Foreigners By Harold K. Milks Nanking Emergency flights of American dependents left China's rioting capital today as starvation stalked ahead of, advancing com- munists. First to go were expectant mothers from the U. S. advisory group. They were flown to Air Force and Marine planes to Tsingtao, U. 5. far east- ern Naval base. Most of the 500 Nanking dependents will go aboard the Navy hospital skip Repose. From Shanghai northward the situation worsened. Millions milled In cities, towns, villages and over the countryside. Food Food riots swept Shanghai and Nanking. Shops, trucks and carts were looted by the hungry. Shop- keepers were clubbed. Workers demanded their wages to rice. Government railway employes went on strike when they got none. The whole economic structure of he Chiang Kai-shek government appeared to be crumbling to the wild melee along coastal China. The national gold yuan plummeted lownward. Alarmed European nationals, con- ronted with anti-foreign feeling to many quarters, sought means of escaping. There was a hint here that an American warship from Tsingtao might be sent up the Yangtze to protect foreigners and speed evacu- ation. Some Remain General MacArthur in Tokyo had at least one Army transport on way to Shanghai to evacuate Ameri- cans there. Two more were report- ed ready to sail from Japanese ports. Not all of the estimated Americans to China were leaving. Only dependents, tourists and.busi- ness men who have given up. In all about women and children will be moved first. Americans were ordered off Nan- king streets tonight. Three communist forces converged on Suchow, government base 170 air miles north of Nanking. The reds came from the north, east and west. Fighting was reported to the Suchow defense perimeter. Troops Desert Six national regiments, possibly totaling men, reportedly de- serted to the reds around Suchow. Red troops from Manchuria poured through the great wall north of Peiping and Tientsin. Neither of the two big north 3htoa cities, blanketed under snow tonight, had been attacked. General Fu Tso-Yl, north China commander In Pelptng, reportedly planned a stand against the reds. Bonus Amendment Passage Seen St. tallies in- dicated today the soldiers bonus amendment passed by a safe margin at the November 2 general elec- tion. Arnold Gandrud, chief clerk to the secretary of state's office, said he was practically certain the meas- ure had been passed after looking over unofficial totals compiled by The Associated Press. The official verdict, however, awaits the meet- ng of the state canvassing board' Tuesday. The Associated Press compilation from of the state's vot- precincts showed the bonus re- ceived yes votes against 224 noes. The amendment required a majority of all votes cast for passage. In 72 counties whose auditors sent duplicates of the official ballot to- tals to the secretary of stain's of- flce, a total vote of was shown. In those same counties, the bonus proposal got favorable ballots, or more than were required. The amendment is an enabling act authorizing the legislature to pay the gratuity but leaving to lawmakers the amount to be paid and the method of raising the nec- essary funds. WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: MaJdmum, 40; minimum, 27; noon, 40; precipitation, trace; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy, snow tonight, low 32. Thursday mostly cloudy and somewhat colder; high 40. Additional weather on page 14.