Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 9, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 225 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 9, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES The Alsops Changes In Cabinet Forecast By Joseph and Stewart AIsop Washington Some points about the second Truman administration are clear already. For example, thei President means to have a second! New Deal If he can. But government Is people, as some sage has remark- ed. In his second term, Truman will really stand or fall by the men he hires as his subordinates. Very roughly speaking, this vital problem of the personnel of the new administration may be di- vided into two parts, foreign and domestic. The foreign part is the more Important, for the peculiar reason that the campaign tensions poisoned the relations between the President and the ablest men on his present foreign and defense team. The White House currently is a con- stant source of rumors that the days! of Under Secretary of State Robert j A. Lovett are numbered. In a lesser degree, the same hints are given about Secretary of Defense James V. Forrestal. And even Secretary of State George C. Marshall's standing Is being openly called into question. The School Board ects Democrats Cool to Dixiecrai Ouster Plea Mrs: Roosevelt ISRAEL CHARGES BRITISH TROOPS ENTER PALESTINE men disseminating these rumors are, of course, such White House advisers as David K. Niles, who have fought the Marshall-Lov- ett-Forrestal policies, on Palestine particularly. The sources of the rumors are suspect. Yet the peculiar- ly well-integrated committee of bril- liant men who have directed our foreign and defense affairs is none the less about to be dissolved. For- restal may stay on for a transition- al period, although he desires to leave. But Lovett has long intended to get out on January 20, whatever the President may wish, and the same applies to Secretary Marshall. Thus replacements must be found, at least for Lovett and Marshall, and perhaps for Forrestal as well. For the State department. Chief Justice Vinson, Averell Harrlman, Dean G. Acheson, Will Clayton and Sumner Welles (whom the Zionists are pressing) are the names most! often mentioned. The insiders are betting on Vinson if he will consent to leave the Supreme court. For the Defense department, a long list is offered former Secretary of War Harry Woodring's bitter enemy, foimer assistant Secretary of War Louis Johnson, who was Democratic fund-raiser in this campaign; sec- retaries of War, Navy and Air Roy- all, Sullivan and Symington, who are all active candidates; and the President's crony, the lame duck Governor of Washington, Mon C, Wallgren. The insiders seem to have no choice among these alternatives. The reported candidates for the State department are all conspicu- ously able men, but at least two thirds of the names on the Defense department list are downright hair-' raising. This In turn suggests the nature of the biggest danger now Tel Aviv, Israel Israel formally asked the United Na- tions truce headquarters today to Investigate reports that "not inconsiderable numbers of Brit- ish troops" have entered Trans- Jordan and that some of them have entered Palestine. (The British war office in London issued a denial, saying "We have no troops in Trans- Jordan and there is no question of any British troops going back into Palestine since the evacua- The Arab Legion of Trans- Jordan Is British trained and subsidized. It bore the brunt of the summer fighting in the Jerusalem area. Unofficial reports persisted here today that the Egyptians are evacuating Gaza, a southern Palestine port which partition, gave to the Arabs. Private Jewish sources de- clared British troops were mov- ing into sections of eastern Palestine held by the Arab Le- gion. These informants said the British came from troop bases at Mafrak and Aqaba, Trans- Jordan. (A section of this dispatch was delayed. The Israeli official who asked the Investigation was not identified.) Thomas Indictment Slows Red Probe By William F. The House un-jimerican activities commit- tee seems likely to be in eclipse for the rest or this year. With Chairman J. Parnell Thomas (R.-K J.) under indict- ment and two other Republican members in "lame duck" com- pany, a committee official said today he sees little activity ahead until the committee is reorganized under Democratic con- 1 in a radio broadcast from Paris Would Drop Southerners Party Leaders Opposed to Reprisals By Jack Bell Washington Democratic eaders turned a cold shoulder to- day on the proposal by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt that states' rights sup- porters be purged from the party. National Chairman J. Howard McGrath told a reporter It will be up to the Democratic members of the House and Senate to de- cide who gets the prized chairman- ships in the new Congress. He indicated the national com- mittee doesn't want to mix in any such possible fight, McGrath is'a senator from Rhode Island. He hinted further but didn't say so flatly that any reprisal program such as Mrs. Roosevelt suggested wouldn't fit in with cur- rent efforts to solidify Democrats behind the legislative proposals trol January 3. This means that resumption of the reds-in-Hollywood investi- ;gation and the atomic spy both tentatively set for this month Gandhi Killer Tells Version Of Shooting and be delayed. So will the committee's yesterday, Mrs. Roosevelt said she would like to see "the permanent ousting of the southern Dixiecrats from the Democratic party." The widow of the late President suggested that some southerners who opposed Mr, Truman's civil with reported attempts of commu- __ j i CkUUViiiJJVO UJ. New Delhi The man whojnlsts to gain a foothold in the film Kuiea Mohandas K. Gandhi gave! colony, were started in 1947 and re- 'cessed indefinitely. The Condon case broke into the long- U' CaSS" i congressional chairmanships If they Other projected inquiries expected aren't recosnized as Democrats. to be Junked for the present In- clude those dealings with reports of communist Infiltration into Negro groups and Illegal crossings of the Canadian border. The Hollywood hearing, dealing She named specifically sentative John Rankin Repre- of the worst Senator Olln the court today his version of the crime. The witness was Narayan Vin- ayak Godse, who is on trial with seven others. Gandhi, the Hindu spiritual and political leader, was shot down January 30. Godse said 300 to 400 persons were present as Gandhi walked from Blrla House to his doom. The kill- er's story went on: "I had my pistol mediocrity has been ahead. Human spreading over the administration like a rather nasty fungus disease over Infected skin, ever since the original Truman cabinet began to disintegrate. The question is wheth- er mediocrity is now to be promot-( ed to rule over the really crucial fields of policy-making. And even although the President names a Vinson, Harriman or an Acheson to the State department, the choice coat pocket. I In my bush- the safety headlines early this year when a subcommittee called Condon, head catch, put the pistol between my palms, bowed my head, closed my eyes and said: 'I bow to you Gand- hl.' "Immediately I fired. I wanted to fire only two shots, but some- how I do not know how a of the National Bureau of Standards, "one of the weakest links in our atomic security." Condon, insisting upon his loyalty, demanded a hear- ing which the committee has not yet granted. Any prospect that the committee j might continue its activities up to the convening of the new Congress all but vanished yesterday. That was when a federal grand jury here indicted Chairman Thomas on charges of conspiring to defraud the government through alleged third came out. will not counter-balance the ap- pointment of a Woodring or a Wall- gren to the Defense department. In the field of domestic adminis- tration, the problem is approximate- ly the .same, although complicated by a political factor. The tion is that in the domestic m none of the President's subordinates lo ao' had the slightest excuse for sit- ting on their hands throughout the "For a half minute there was a lull in the crowd. None could under- stand what had happened. All were stunned and I broke the spell by crying. 'Police, police.' "The first man to catch hold of me was a policeman. Then there was another man who had a stick Thomas, re-elected to his seventh term In last week's election, brand- ed as "poppycock" reports that he planed to resign from Congress. But committee attaches said they look for Thomas to call no further com- mittee sessions while his trial Is pending. dubbing him "one and Johnston She said Johnston "snubbed President Truman, campaigned against him and then was one1 of the first on the train at Washing- ton to congratulate the victorious President after his election." Johnston refused to attend the Jackson day dinner here last winter because of his opposition to the President's civil rights proposals but later announced he was voting for Mr. Truman. He declined com- ment. But Democratic committee cials said Mrs. Roosevelt was off) base on Johnston's campaign re- cord. William J. Primm, assistant io McGrath said: "Senator Johns- Ion was very helpful throughout ;he campaign. He has worked with iie committee in every way we asked." Rankin said at his home in Tupelo, Miss., "The less the Ameri- can people hear from Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the better off the coun- try will be." Democratic national committee of- .._ Flain. To See< Hdand Pougeau and Edward J. Brink, both of Hartford, Conn., picked a spot usually Monopolized by the birds to crash land their light plane yesterday on a farm in Kwing township near Trenton, N. J., late yesterday. The crash, dumped Pougeau and Brink from the plane to the ground. They are In a Trenton hospital, Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) ficials were said to hoM no grudge against most of the southern sena- tors even In the four states of e the skull.1 "As head. I began to bleed, n, 'I don't care what happens I have done what I wanted I am prepared to lose my the policeman caught me campaign. Several of them, led by the President's special crony, Sec- retary of the Treasury John Snyder, nevertheless held themselves rather glaringly aloof from all the awful hurly-burly. Their line was that they would write checks but would not make speeches. The complication is important, be- cause the hand-sitters, by an un- derstandable coincidence, also com- prise most of the Truman subordi- nates who have consistently opposed the left-wing policies on which the President won the election. But the fact remains that when the Presi- dent returned to Washington in triumph. Secretary Snyder was tri- umphing right next to him in the receiving line. The President's na- ture is to keep by him these men who are personally close, while he gladly lets such men as Lovett go. Thus the betting is that the political Laodiceans will stay on if Truman likes them, unless they prefer such prosperous private employment as the Bank of America nosition which Snyder would have taken if the elec- tion had gone the other way. There are those in the white House who strongly oppose this tendency, urging that if the Presi- dent wants a second New Deal, he had better hire some New Dealers. For this reason men like Wilson Wyatt and Paul Porter will no doubt be brought in lor special jobs as housing and standby price con- trol. But here again, the betting is that the general, basic character of the administration will be unchanged. The President will decide these problems probably while he is at Key West. He may again confound the political bookmakers. But one thing at least is certain. In view of his own character and experience, the choices of men hi; must now make are likely to be among his biggest choices of the conaing four years. from behind, I saw another man take the pistol from my hand. I told him, 'Beware, the safety catch U. S. District Attorney George Alabama, Mississippi, South Caro- Morris Fay ssJd the trial, under !lina and Louisiana which gave their electoral votes to Governor J. Strom Thurmond and tne states' rights ticket. if the states' fighters want to come back into the party and sup- port Mr. Truman's proposals, one January. Whatever the outcome, the Re- publican membership of the com- mittee will undergo changes in January. Two of the committee's Rumors Rife As President Enjoys Rest By Ernest B. Vaccaro Key West, Fla. Everybody (speculated today on what may hap- pen to top-ranking officials of the Truman administration. But President Truman said noth- Kickbacks From Medical Specialists Criticized By Fred Brady New York medical authority said today that some doctors demand "kickbacks" in assigning work to specialists and others trust to luck to guard their reputations. Dr. Dean A. Clark, medical director of the health insurance uses Plans Survey On Long-Term Building Needs Members Stand Pat On Decision Against West End Service By Gordon Holto The Winona board of education Monday night began contract nego- tiations with the University of Minnesota for the drafting of a ong-term school building program and a comprehensive survey of the city's present educational facilities and needs. Preliminary detailing of the pro- tect the first such survey at- tempted here since 1922 was one of two major issues discussed by .he board at a four and one-half hour session last night. The long standing controversy over school bus transportation was revived again Monday night. The board voted to hold fast to Its earlier decision to curtail bus ser- vice and rejected a proposal which would have restored partial bus service to the West End of the city. Action by Parents West End parents and taxpayers had demanded the restoration of full bus service to the western limits of the city. They asserted that curtailment had posed a distinct danger to the health and safety of children who are forced to walk into and across the flow of traffic on highways 14 and 61. Their action had brought a suggestion from Vice-President H. C. Pehrson at last month's meeting that younger child- ren be afforded free transporta- tion to Jefferson school. Before the board could act on the motion in October, however, it was tabled for later consideration alter a highway survey was made to determine the extent of the hazard for children walking to and from school. Last night, the building and grounds committee recommended that the board provide free trans- portation for pupils attending kin- dergarten through third grade at the Jefferson school who reside !n areas not serviced by regularly scheduled city bus lines. Designated as students eligible for free transportation were those residing in the area at the west Imlts of the city adjoining Clark's ane and including the Johnstone addition; highway 61 at Its junc- Jon with highway 14 to its June- ion with West Fifth street and the area within the city limits west of ing. himself in this vacation spot. plan of greater New York, made the statement while discussing north-south line _ drawn through what he called "recent evils" caused by competition among doctors who practice as Individuals and not with a group. making his charges to the Public Health association He just relaxed and enjoyed Dr clarfc salfl tne evils he Usted have sprung from the advance ol JS science and not "primarily from any cabinet changes. The man who will make them just changed from red to blue swimming trunks for an- other sunburn, another swim at the enlisted men's beach at this Naval submarine base where he is making another visit to recuperate from miles of campaigning. Shows No Fatigue Why he needs the rest Is a mys- tery to most newspapermen who most active G.O.P. members were! national committee official said, I covered his campaign and found Is loose.' He said threateningly, 'I! turned back at the ballot boxes.'they probably will be welcomed They are Representatives John Dowell (Pa.) and Richard B. Vail But he added that the committee isn't going out courting these folk if they elect to stay mad. Senator-Elect Russel Long (La.) last night he righcers "are regular "I said, 'I am ready. I don't care, there's nothing we can do except sit but take care you don't shoot your- tight and wait until the Democrats saw the crowd move believes most states the police took source who declined to permit use him bubbling over with vitality every morning when they dragged themselves around to the rear platform of his special car for an- other speech at the approach of dawn. He popped in unannounced at press headquarters in the bachelor officers quarters yesterday, a grin on tiis face a mile wide when he found three photographers engaged In a' malign intent on the part of the physician." By the advance of science he said he meant that medical progress has made specialization a necessity and that such specialization Is not avail- able to a general practitioner but needs group teamwork. Assails Fee Splitting To the competitive element, Dr. Clark traced these evils: "Fee splitting which arises almost inevitably out of the character of the individual practice system and I dare say will continue as long as this system Is the prevalent method of practice. "The physician may be tempted Firemen Direct a stream of water toward a flaming overturned tank car, one of the three, that caught fire in suburban Dodson, near Kansas City, Mo, when several cars of a Missouri Pacific freight train derailed. Sheets of flames shoot hundreds of feet into the air to send up a spectacular column of heavy black smoke. Wirephoto.) game of pool and a lone refer Patients (to other consult- ants) more than is medically neces- sary if a sizable split is in the off- ing and, equally bad, to send his cases to the doctor or laboratory or optician who gives the biggest kick- man at a typewriter. The others were out at play. One reporter explained .that newsmen weren't around be- cause he wasn't "making news." said the President, "we're all supposed to lie on a vacation." And, adjusting his fisherman1 cap and swinging an American Le gion cane, he strolled out of th place, a bouncing figure in pin: slacks and an open-necked sports shirt. Rumors are flying, but mostly oui of Washington. Lovett to Quit The President 'is known to be ooking around for a successor to Robert A. Lovett, under secretary of state, who is expected to leave that post shortly. Increased talk is heard that Charles Sawyer, secretary of com- merce, will not be pressed to stay n that post, but those in a posi- tion to speak won't discuss it. Secretary of State Marshall, the close friend, apparently s willing to stay on at the State epartment as long as there is hope or some agreement with the Rus- sians. The time of James V. Porrestal's departure as secretary of defense may be agreed upon soon. Robert Butler, ambassador to ''iiba, is flying in to visit the Pres- dent and congratulate him on his successful campaign. Teachers College Change in Name Draws Opposition St. Paul The executive board of the Minnesota Education associa- tion strongly opposes elimination of the word "Teacher" from the official name of the State Teachers colleges, it was disclosed today at a meeting of the State Teachers College board, Dean M. Schweickhard, state com- missioner of education, read an ex- change of letters' between Walter E. Englund of St. Paul, executive sec- retary of the MEA, and Arthur M. Clure of Duluth, president of thei hour developed overnight in the'At- 61 and West Fifth street. This transpor- tation would have been provided by the Winona Transit Company only during the winter months and at a rate of five cents per pupil per ride. During the discussion which high- lighted the presentation of the mo- tion, several members of the board expressed uncertainty as to whether conditions in the West End con- stituted any greater hazard to school-bound children than are present in other sections of the city. A majority also felt that if one concession were made to the original (Continued on Page 13, Column 7.) SCHOOL BOARD Atlantic Tropical Storm Reported Miami, tropical storm with winds approaching 60 miles an State Teachers College board, cltin kntic m northeast of back. "A physician may not refer his patient to another physician for fear iiat he may 'lose' his patient (and his fee) permanently to the second doctor. "He may fear that the consultant will find errors in his work and show him up' to both the patient and the profession. Trusts to Lack Dr. Clark conti- nued, "a physician in solo practice s obliged to try to perform a range service up to and sometimes be- yond the limits of his technical ca- jacity. "This In the long run tends to pro- duce in the physician a habit of su- perficial performance, trusting in jck and nature, that his lack of ihoroughness and of specialized knowledge will not cause errors re- ulting in serious disablement eath." On the other hand. Dr. Clark con- ended, group medical practice completely eliminates the evils of le hidden kickback system." There are evils in the group sys- Dr. Clark said, but he held they ;e minor. the positions of the respectlv groups. Last August 30 the Teachers Col lege board voted to recommend t nirr npYt. Ari jf ore OUT next meeting.' Additional weather an page 13.