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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 4, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 221 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES T m ernize w D-F-L Elects 4 in Minnesota Congressional Races] late Reins Stretch Lead, Knulson Loses Republicans Hold Firm Control On State Offices Minneapolis The extent o ths Democratic-Farmer-Labor vic- tory In Minnesota In Tuesday's gen- eral election emerged today as ad' dltional figures became available. Returns from precincts showed President Truman leading Thomas E. newey by more than Mayor Hubert Humphrey D.-F.-L., on returns from precincts had a lead of nearly over Senator Joseph H. Ball, Republican. Besides winning the state's 11 electoral votes and the U. S. sen- atorship, Democratic Farmer-La- bor! tes won four seats In the House of Representatives and a seat on the state railroad and warehouse commission. The Republicans, however, re- elected Governor Luther W. Young- dahl and held onto other state of- fices. They retained five seats In the House. One of the new Democratic- Farmer-Labor congressional seats is In the sixth district. There nearly complete unofficial returns Indicat- ed victory for Fred Marshall, Grove City dairy farmer, over the veteran Harold Knutson, a representative for nearly 30 years. D.-F.L. candidates for Congress also won In the eighth, where Rep- resentative John Blatnik was re- elected, and in the third and fourth districts. Roy Wier, Minneapolis labor leader, defeated Representa- tive George MacKinnon In the third and Eugene McCarthy, St. Thomas college sociology professor, turned back Representative Edward J. DeVltt In the fourth. Republicans re-elected to Con- jress were August Andresen, firs district; Joseph P. O'Hara, second Walter Judd, third; H. Carl Ander- son, seventh, and Harold Hagen ninth. State officials, given early scares their D.-F.-L. opponents gamed leads, were building up their major- ities. On returns from precincts Governor Youngdahl was leadlnt Charles Halsted of Bralnerd, the D.-F.-L, nominee, by more than Lieutenant Governor C. El- mer Anderson had a lead of only about over John McDonough but Secretary of State Mike Holm built up his usual overwhelming count. He was more than ahead of Kosde Marsh, the D -F -L choice. Sole exception to the Republican victory parade for state office was Rollin Johnson, who trailed Clifford Peterson, D.-F.-L., for election to the railroad and warehouse commis- sion. Indications pointed to victory for the constitutional amendment auth- orizing payment of a bonus to World War H veterans. Returns from precincts showed votes and 330.624 no votes. To pass the amendment needs a majority of all votes cast and the total will not Excavation For the city of Winona's new airport administration building has been begun by A. M. Kramer. The general contractor, H. B. KUstofte, plans 'to begin construction Immediately. Republican-Herald photo Blames Congress House, Senate Record Gave Truman Victory By Drew Pearson Truman, It's now conceded, was his own best poll-taker. He made ths faces of Dr. Gallup, Elmo Roper and the Crossley people look very red. Talking to his Irlend Morris Ernst short time ago Truman remarked that the political pollsters would blush on the day after election. Ernst, though one of the Jew who really expected Truman to win, half Jokingly asked the Presi- dent what he would do after he was defeated. 'Tm not going to be replied Truman. "But if I should be, I would go Into the poll business and put Dr. Gallup and the others Slump Threat Swung Voters Farmers Feared Policy of G.O.P. the By Ovid A. Martin actions of Republican controlled 80th Congress stand out today as major factors in the surprising election support given President Truman by be determined until the canvassing board meets. If any appreciable number of voters failed to vote on the amendment it may lose despite receiving a favorable majority. g Nibbing Hunts Tavern Bandit Duluth A bandit who es- caped with hi cash from a Hlb- blng tavern late Tuesday was being sought by Lakehead authorities last night. The armed man. wearing a red handkerchief over his face, ordered ten patrons of the Trocadero tav- ern to he rear of the room and then demanded money from Mrs Mildred Radovich, the owner's wife! mid-western farmers. These acts were: 1. Repeal of government's au- thority to provide emergency grain storage facilities under the price support program. 2. The Senate's refusal to rati- fy an international wheat agreement designed to assure growers an export market at favorable prices for the next five years. The main opposition argument The bandit knocked down one of the men. when thinking the holdup was a Joke, he tried to pull the mask from the bandit's face. Bulletins The United Na- tions assembly approved today, over bitter Russian protest, the western plan for world atomic control. Washington Repre- sentative J. Pamell Thomas (R.-N. J.) refused today to tes- tify in a grand jury investiga- tion of his congressional office although he had demanded the Tight to do so. William H. Col- lins, counsel for the chairman of the House nn-American ac- tivities committee, said he ad- vised Thomas not to testify and Thomas -reluctantly ac- quiesced." was that the government should get out o? the storage and grain export businesses. Apparently these acts went a long way toward arousing fanner doubts about what a Republican adminis- tration might or might not do to prevent another farm depression. Dewey Pledge And this uneasiness developed Ae- splte the fact that Governor Thomas E. Dewey had pledged support of New Deal and war-born programs to protect farmers against lo prices. Farm belt confidence in the G.OP was not helped by an early cam paign statement 'issued by formei Governor Harold E. Stassen of Mln nesota after a visit with Dewey That statement was interpreted b many farmers as blaming the Tru man administration's farm pro grams for high food costs. With their prices already on down-swing, many growers undoubt edly recalled the farm depression o he "20s and early "30s and wha the Republicans and Democrats di about it then. Republican Presidents Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover vetoec farm-aid legislation. This led many traditionally Republican farmers to desert their party and vote for Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Dem- ocrats In 1932. Reversing the Coolldge-Hoover stand, Roosevelt, used the powers of government to aid farmers. So in this hour of new concern over their future many farmers apparently decided to stick with the party which came to their rescue in their last depression. Even before the votes were cast, Democratic leaders .reported a sharp swing from Dewey to Mr. Truman in the mid-western farm belt during the last ten days of the campaign. This reported switch coincided largely with the decline in farm prices below government support evels. Soviet Rejects Plan for Atom Vote Result Ups Influence of U. S. By The Associated Press Eiussia rejected completely today a western power..plan .for control of out of business." Why Truman Won Here are thla columnist's Ideas on why Harry Truman won out over Thomas E. Dewey In the mod- em amazing version of the race between the tortoise and the hare: 1. The American people ad- mire a man with courage even though they don't always agree with him, Truman didn't duck a single Issue, though some of them were so tough they caused bitter rebellion Inside his party. Dewey sidestepped most thorny Issues, tried to please both wings of his party. 2. The American people side with the underdog, don't like to see the powerful guy kick the little fellow around. Up until midnight November 2, Truman was the underdog In this race. 3. A man can win with labor against him, or the fanners, or the housewives. But he can't win with a large section of labor and the fanners and the against him. 4. Dewey didn't alienate these three groups, but the 80th Con- gress did. The American public Continued on Page 11, Column 4.) HOUSE-SENATE atomic energy. Her action was In the United Na- tions, where the prediction was widely made that the United States in world affairs will be prompt- y strengthened as the result of President Truman's re-election. The President's foreign policy ap- certain to be dominated by ihls great single issue: How much nore money and goods is the United States willing and able to throw into the cold war against Bussia? 1 Critical Areas The critical areas presently are western Europe, China and Greece. Negotiation of a North Atlantic mili- tary alliance is a top agenda item. Under the proposal, the United States is expected to supply and up per year for lend- lease war equipment for Britain, Democrats May Boost Foreign Aid Allotment Stop-Communism Program Tops Policy Issues By John M. Hljhtower Tru- man's post-election foreign policy appears certain to be dominated by [this single great issue: I How much more money and goods 'Is the United States willing and able to throw into the cold war against Russia? Diplomatic authorities say that on Mr. Truman's answer to this ques- tion will largely depend the scope, perhaps even the effectiveness of the whole stop-communism program during his second term in th6 White House, The question arises specifically in connection with three critical areas of the world: Western non-com- munist countries in this sector of the cold war front want both a military alliance and lend-leas arms aid. The cost of this new lend-lease has been guessed by mill tary experts at from a year up and would make heavy demands on steel and other basl American industrial supplies. United States Is con- fronted with an Immediate crisis in China with the nationalist govern ment buckling under the impact o communist army victories. The present IT. 3. civilian and mllitar aid program amounts to ending nex State depart- Eau Claire Resident Admits Slaying Pair Eao. Claire, furious search for a gunman who left the bullet-riddled bodies of a teen-age couple on an Eau Claire golf course two weeks ago reached a climax last night when a 32-year-old ex-convict admitted the crimes. Marshall Johnson was held in jail without bond today after his arraignment on two charges of first degree murder. Before his arraignment last night Sheriff Lloyd Thompson said hat Johnson had signed a state-1 ment admitting he fatally shot Ray-1 mond Smith, IS, and Gertrude Bau-! mann, 17. Their bodies were found ictober 24 on a golf course. Johnson, an Eau Claire roofer, pleaded innocent to the two charges. County Judge Merrill R. Fair set a preliminary exami- nation for November 17 and committed Johnson to jail with- out bond. Johnson was returned yesterday from Seattle, Wash., where he had been arrested at the request of Wis- consin authorities. He agreed to return to Wisconsin Poll Takers Eye Statistics Opinion Experts Shy on Comments New York The poll takers were still combing through statistics Victor Ready or Celebration In Washington Republicans Close Ranks to Battle Democrat Regime today By Jack Bell Washington Republicans closed their shattered ranks today 'or a two-year fight In Congress against a certain effort by President Truman to modernize the New Deal. Mr. Truman returns to Washing- ton and a -welcome-home celebra- ion tomorrow the hottest article In American as the result of ils upset victory over Governor Thomas E. Dewey. He will be off Sunday for a two- week breathing spell at Key West, Fla. When he comes back, It will be [me to shape up the legislative pro- gram which he promised last night 'ill be based on the Democratic arty platform. Large Order Mr. Tmman told a home-town Ictory celebration in Independence, he wants every citizen to help iim carry out his "tremendous re- ponsibiiity for the peace and wel- for the 12 months April. Already the ment Is reviewing Its China policy to determine what, if anything should be recommended to Congress In January to meet the crisis. mounting Amer- ican expenditures In Greece have prevented the communists from tak- ing over the country but have not succeeded In wiping them out. A new and probably greater military ild with this fiscal likely to be presented to Congress next session. Hence the new problems of these critical areas raise the prospect of important spending quite apart from the multi-billion dollar Euro- pean program with its demands on both money and goods at a time when this nation's own Prance, Belgium, The Netherlands, Luxembourg and whatever other countries may adhere. The Greek aid program is expect- ed to be greater than the current military aid outpouring. The State department already is reviewing Its policy on China, faced with immediate crisis. Nationalist China drew her lines closer to Nanking. Her leaders hoped for some miracle to save the coun- try from the threat of communist conquest. The cabinet Is trying to resign, economics are In collapse, and Chiang Kai-Shek appeared about to lose his numerical superi- ority over the communists. The government has not yet considered seriously a demand for an end to the civil war and a coalition with the reds. production and'consumption are a peak levels. Democratic control of Congress Is expected to ease somewhat Presi- dent Truman's handling of these problems, especially where money Is concerned. Administration officials who were confronted last session with the avowed "meat-axe" meth- ods of Chairman Taber (R.-N. Y.) of the House appropriations com- mittee are jubilant at the switch In party control. Yet in the Senate the Democratic administration still may have to rely to some extent on the ex- pected support and obvious prestige of Senator Vandenberg
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