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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 1, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOTE TUESDAY! ITS YOUR PRIVILEGE AND DUTY AS AN AMERICAN VOLUME 48, NO. 218 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER I, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES The Alsops Election Campaign Pretty Dull By Joseph and Stewart AIsop Washington Every one is glad that the campaign Is about over, mainly because the campaign has been a hore. It Is strange that It Bhould have been a bore this contest In a time of crisis for the most powerful office In the world. Yet It has been a bore. It Is im- portant to try to understand why. One reason Is that the front- runner, Governor Thomas E. Dewey, has waged a notably unexciting campaign. In part tills has been by design. But In part It has re- sulted from the quality of the man himself. A speech by Dewey Is a curious experience to the listener. His speeches have been, on the whole, fine speeches, admirably written. Moreover, Dewey's timing, the rise, and fall of his voice, his gestures, are almost perfect. To hear such! a man in such times as these should be a moving experience. Ye It Is not. There is something oddly disappointing about the experience something mechanical, over-rehears- ed, a trifle chilling. THIS SUGGESTS Dewey's grav est weakness, a weakness which Is also a fact of very great politlca Importance. For all that, Dewey Is the odds-on favorite for the Pre- sidency, he still lacks the quality (which such men as Franklin Roo- sevelt, Wendell wmkle and Al Smith so notably had) which fires 50 Million Expected to Vote Slaying Investigation Turns to Seattle State Officers Abandon Probe In Eau Claire the imagination personal loyalty and captures of masses of the the do this more will be needed competence, more than the voters. A very high proportion of Dewey votes will really be anti- Truman votes. If Dewey Is to become the kind of President he clearly wants and intends to be, this must be changed. In the troubled years which lie ahead, the job of the Presidency will not be confined to oiling the creaking wheels of government, Im- portant as this task may be. The next President will have to make decisions such as the rearma- ment of Western Europe will be Immensely unpopular with a great many immensely Important people, including a large proportion of the Republican leadership. And he will have to make these decisions stick. In the face of bitter opposi- tion In Congress and out. To than genius for political organization which Dewey and his staff have con- sistently displayed. It will require first that the vaguely progressive words which Dewey has been speak- ing In this campaign be transform- ed Into concrete progressive actions, over the strident opposition of a considerable proportion of Dewey's party. And this In turn will re- quire a loyal mass following, of voters convinced not only that Dewey has their interests at heart, but also that he has a heart. IT WILL, IN A word, be es- sential that Dewey achieve some human and Intangible quality which, despite his manifest virtues, he still lacks. Yet one thing is true. Dewey has grown In personal stature in recent years as muc as any man' In public life. And th Presidency forces growth on a man, as surely as growth Is forced o plants in a hothouse. The tragedy of Truman is stmpl that, despite the best of Intentions his capacity for growth Is sharp! limited, and the voters have sense as much. This too lias contribute to the tedium of this dull campaign for it has all but completely rob bed Truman of a chance of re election, and has thus destroyec the suspense of the contest. Yet In another way, the fashion In which Truman has made his fight is both interesting and poll tically significant. He has tried des perately to appeal, as his prede sessor knew so well how to do to the emotions of the voters. An what is meaningful is the obvlou fact that In this attempt he has been moving consistently furthe and further to the left. In his public statements he ha, now taken a stand well to the let of Franklin Roosevelt and very far ens suspects, to the left of him- self. The attempt has largely failed Nobody has reatiy believed the dire Presidential warnings about the wicked plots of the "gluttons of pri- largely because the voters have suspected that Truman has not really believed himself, or In- deed, entirely understood what he has been saying. YET THE SHARP left turn which has been forced on Truman in his desperate search for votes has a perfectly obvious meaning. Despite the Republican upsurge, the country Is still far 'from deeply conserva- tive. This meaning Is confirmed by the Senate races, where extreme reactionaries are everywhere In trouble, and It is something which the Republicans win disregard at their peril. And the Truman cam- 'paign means further that the Demo- cratic party, to survive, has already Inescapably become, and must con- tinue to be, the party of the left. Yet though the division between right and left Is more clearly mark- ed than ever before, there is still-no which deeply divides the Am erican people. There Is almost total agreement on foreign policy, as the Wallace fiasco demonstrates. Authorities Quiz Suspect Who Left City on Sunday Seattle, Wast. Investiga- tion of the slaying of a teen-age Wisconsin boy and girl centered today around a man who went hunting' with a 22 calibre rifle and returned, home without it. Sheriff Lloyd Thompson and De- tective Harold MacLaughlin, both of Eau Claire, arrived last night to question MarshaJ} Johnson, 32, also of Eau Claire, who was arrested at the request of Wisconsin officials. No chargjs had been filed. Johnson, after his arrest, main- tained to Seattle police that he had no knowledge of how Raymond Smith, 18-year-old bank clerk, and ais 17-year-old girl companion, Gertrude Bauman, were slain Oc- tober 23. Bodies Found The youthful couple went on a picture-taking hike that day and did not return hc-me. Their bodies were found some 24 hours later along a drive in a remote corner of an Eau Claire country course. Smith had been shot four imes with a .22 calibre rifle and the girl had been shot three times. Smith's body was nude and that of the girl only partly clad. Eau Claire authorities, who would not be quoted, said Johnson went hunting the day of the slayings with a .22 calibre rifle, returned home that night without the gun and left Eau Claire by bus the fol- lowing morning. Detective Pat Kenyon of Seattle said Johnson agreed with these facts and told the following story: "I was out hunting Saturday when I met a fellow and he bought my gun. He had a shotgun. I had a 22. He was a farmer from Mon- dovi, Wis., was pheasant hunt- ing In the woods outside the (Eau Eau Galle Boy Killed by Truck Ean GaDe, ral services will be held at 2 p. m. Tuesday for William Helmueller, five-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Helmueller of Eau Galle. The boy was killed Saturday at 3 p. m. when he was struck by a truck in Eau GsJle. Dunn county authorities are holding Peter Szybel of Mondovi, driver of the vehicle, owned by the Paul Marg fox farms, Mondovi. An investigation will be conducted. Szybel was stopped on Morton hill, 10 miles out of Eau Galle, and notified that his truck had struck the boy. William is survived by his par- Pennsylvania Smog Deaths Under Study Odd Malady Takes Lives Of 20 Persons By Orlo Robertson Donora, Pa. Chemists stu- died their test tubes today looking Section Worker Killed By Hit-Run Driver Near Dakota Sunday Night ents and a sister, Sally. The funeral I for the cause of the mysterious ma- will be held in St. Henry's Catholic jlady which took the lives of 20 church here and funeral mass will be said at a. m. Wednesday at the church. Burial will be. in St. John's cemetery, Plum City, Wis. Twelve Bodies Recovered in Plane Crash Oklahoma City State high- way patrol headquarters reported today that 13 bodies had been re-____________________. covered from the crash of an Army fOr oxygen equipment. "Hf111H _i.> .1 airplane near Muldrow, Okla. elderly people in 36 hours. The malady struck this Monon- gahela River Industrial town of 500 late last Friday as a smothering mixture of fog and smoke lay low over the valley for the third straight day. Old time residents couldn't re- call ever seeing such a dense smog, as the combination of fog and smoke is known, but it caused no ill effects until Saturday morning. Then the town's eight doctors were besieged by calls from asthma and cardiac sufferers. Before mid- night 14 men and four women had died. Nearby hospitals were Jammed with, people finding It hard to breathe. An emergency aid station was set up and hurried calls went A doctor estimated the town's Highway Patrolman Harry Davis medical men treated between 400 reported from Muldrow that wit- nesses saw the plane, identified as an Army type, apparently In trouble ploded in the air, the witnesses said. The trooper said the plane's fuse- and 500 cases. The fog lifted yesterday and the number of sufferers eased off but over Muldrow about 11 a, m. It ex- there TOre two more deaths _ both men. At least 32 people remained in the Charleroi-Monessen and Mo- the wings and engine fell. He said bodies were found one mile from the fuselage and 'the others in or near that wreckage. Mooring Stones Found Hawley Mooring stones similar to those by which historians are attempting to determine whether Glairs) city limits. I sold him explored this continent in gun :for the 14th century have been found by Johnson said he planned to come 'students of a rural school near Haw- ley. The stones are- similar to those northeast shore of to the West Coast three weeks be- ore 'the slaying took place and said _ he had written letters to an aunt Cormorant Lake. mooring stones hi California and friends in Seattle. there had tnangular holes Into which the Vikings were believed to Continued on Page 4, Column 4.) EAU CLAIRE have inserted their boats. pegs for anchoring The state department of health ent In by Dr. Joseph Shilen of the in- dustrial hygiene bureau. The Ameri- can Steel and" Wire Company, gest industry In the town and a subsidiary of the TJ. S. Steel Cor- poration, called on the Independent hygiene corporation of Pittsburgh to join with state authorities in analyzing the air over Donora. Tests Made Numerous tests were made yester- day and others were planned for said he hoped to have a report on the first tests this afternoon. "But it is my he add- ed, "that we will not find any- thing: worthwhile. The r greater part the fog had passed by the time we got into operation." The Donora zinc works of the American Steel and Wire Company closed and Plant Superintendent M. M. Neale said they would remain so until it was determined whether ;he fumes and smoke given off by ;he smelter furnaces had anything i to do with the conditions. I The mysterious death dealing smog was no- respecter of age al- though the deaths were confined to people in their middle fifties and ol'der. One doctor said he treated a baby of four and one- half months and a woman of 85. Rudolph Schwerha, member of the Donora board of haalth, said so far as he knew all those who died had previously been under a phy- sician's care. He added: "The deaths seeoi to have hit people who were suffering from cardiac or asthmatic conditions. There's no doubt that smog WES the cause." A doctor who asked that his name not be used said the symp- toms in all cases were the same, declaring: "They complained of pains In the chest and had a difficult time Last-Minute Appeals Slated By Candidates Senate Battle One Highlight Of Election Republican-Herald photo A Utica Fanner Died In the Winona General hospital at p. m. Saturday, of injuries suffered an hour earlier when his pickup truck careened off highway 14 and struck an embankment on Stock- ton hill about four and one-hall miles west of Winona. Dead was Matthew Murphy, Jr., driver of the truck shown above. Skid marks which extended 100 feet along the highway at the crash scene indi- cate that Murphy apparently lost control of the light truck after It had struck a spillway at the edge of the highway after he had rounded a curve while traveling toward Stockton. The west-bound truck skidded diagonally across the highway and came, to rest facing-east after crashing'into the roadside embankment. Taken to Winona in a Stevens ambulance, he died soon after being admitted to the hospital. Winona county authorities today were seeking to determine the Iden- tity of a railroad section laborer who was killed by a hit and run motorist on highway 61, about three miles north of Dakota Sunday at p. m. The man, believed to have been about 70 years old, has been em- ployed for the past month as a member of a Milwaukee section crew stationed near Dakota and has been identified only as John HI. Witnesses to the accident re- ported that the man was walking on the highway when he was Chiang Defends Army Despite Red Setback By Harold K. Milks Chiang Kai-shek, his Manchurian armies crumbling and Mukden lost, told the Kuomintang central political committee today that China "must accept the lessons of defeat by communists and -fight on." was no hint of surrender from the weary Chinese leader, whose government has been shaken to its foundation by the Bullet Holes mark the corner of police headquarters hi Asuncion, Paraguay, following a brief revolution in which the building was at- tacked by soldiers from the Military college. Leaders of the revolu- tion later surrendered to President Natalicio Gonzalez's forces. CAP, Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) areathlng. We used three methods of treatment. They were injections of adrenalin, use of oxygen tents and doses of anti-histimlnlc." He explained the last is a drug used In asthmatic cases. Heart Failures He said all the victims died of heart failure brought on by an overworked heart due to lack of oxygen, With only two Inhalators avail- able when the crisis struck, Donora firemen were given credit for sav- ing' numerous lives by improvising oxygen tents from bedsheets anc blankets. Dr. William Rongann, member o) the board of health, called the deaths "plain murder." He spoke at an open meeting of the board, attended by state health officials and representatives of the steel and Wire Company to consider emer- gency matters. "It's plain he declared. "These people were murdered by whatever was in the sir. There Is just something here the. air over Donora whether from the zinn or other that is causing this and it's not right." struck by a green sedan traveling at a high rate of speed toward La Severson, Fountain City, Crosse. Omar was driving toward Winona at the time of the accident and saw the man on the highway Just before he was hit. Severson explained that, after first noticing Pearson, he was momentarily blinded by the head- lights of an oncoming vehicle and he next saw the man lying beside the road. Severson at first thought that he had struck the man and stopped his car to determine the extent cf the (Continued on 16, Column L) SECTION WORKER wholesale defeats of his troops in the last three weeks. In his first official appearanci since his return from two weeks in the north where the cream of bis armies were destroyed or went over to the reds, Chiang declared: "We have had reverses in the northeast (Manchuria) 'but the communists are not yet in a position to directly menace North China." American authorities meanwhile instructed T7.S. citizens to prepare to leave North China. Authoritative sources here said the communists had occupied Mukden completely at 3 p. m. (2, a. m. ESTJ and that the last government offi- cials fled from there three days ago. Election Returns Beginning at p. m. Tuesday, Radio Station KWNO and The Republican-Herald will combine their facilities to give resi- dents of this area one of the most comprehensive coverages of elec- tion returns ever attempted locally. The American Broadcasting Company's staff, featuring Walter Winchell, Drew Pearson, Dr. George Gallup, Elmer Davis, Earl H. R. Baukhage and many others will give the nation-wide returns with a careful analysis of the trends. Local returns will be gathered by The Republican-Herald staff, tabulated and broadcast over KWNO at five minutes before the half hour and hour throughout the night, starting at p. m. The polls locally close at 8 p. m. The Republican-Herald office will be dosed end no'returns wiH be available by telephone. Listen to EWNO for election; returns. Liquor Store Issue Held Unconstitutional Minneapolis A state law requiring communities to buy outi _ private liquor interests when to 48 tie. By The Associated Press Harry S. Truman and Thomas Edmund Dewey came to the fork In the presidential trail today. Tomorrow the people will beckon one of them on. The Democrat who holds the White House lease and the Repub- lican who holds high hope of break- ing it planned only the customary get out and vote appenls for to- night's windup to a long and ex- hausting campaign. Depending on how those pleas are heeded and the weather upwards of citizens will visit the polls. They will decide, among other things, which party will control the next Congress and especially the Senate. But for all the oratory, energy and dollars expended in trying to sway the world's greatest court of public opinion, only time can tell whether the winner and his patty will relish victory through each of the next four years. Cold, Hot War The cold war In Europe and hot war in China underscore the unfinished task of the peacemakers. At home high prices leave unans- wered whether the current boom will turn into a bust. For Dewey it is a second try and the first time the Republican party has left Its banner in the hands of a defeated candidate. The New York governor lost a popular vote decision to "the champ" in 1944. But Franklin De- lano Roosevelt's fourth term vic- tory in the electoral college was a whopping 432 to 99. For Truman it is an uphill race to win in his own right the mantle that fell upon him as he put .t with "the whole weight of the moon and stars and all the planets" when Roosevelt died April 12, 1945. From the heights of po- pularity In the months that fol- .owed, Truman had to put down re- bellion in his own party last sum- mer. Ho was not completely suc- cessful. Foils Disputed But the President stoutly dis- putes the poll takers who show Dewey far In the lead. Even with- the votes he will lose in the South to States' Rights Democrat Strom Thurmond and elsewhere jo Progressive party candidate leiuy Wallace, Truman Insisted in his campaign windup that he Is going to win. "The North, the South, the East and the West are falling in he declared at St. Louis Saturday night. For his part, Dewey too was con- ident. He spoke of "the eve of rictory" as he closed out his cam- aign in New York's Madison Square Garden the city where he rose fame as a racket busting dis- rict attorney. Dewey then went to his Pawling, Y., farm to rest untl he re- urns to New York to vote and await IB outcome. Truman went on -home to In- ependence, Mo. He will cast his allot and follow the returns there, ut only until an early bedtime. Senate Battle While the presidency is the big issue tomorrow, the Senate battle ommands nearly as much at- ,entlon. The Republicans, who smashed years Democratic rule of Con- gress in the 1946 off-year elec- ons, now hold the upper hand in he Senate by only a 51 to 45 ote margin. Thirty-two seats are at stake. And 11 pivotal states the races are i close that politicians do not ule out the possibility of an un- lisbing municipal liquor stores was held unconstitutional Saturday by deciding vote on party line issues District Judge Arthur Selover. Tis opinion was handed down In a case involving a suit against the city of Robbinsdale, brought by former owners of a liquor store in that com- munity. Such 8' result would leave the WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and Joudlness tonight followed by rain late tonight and Tuesday forenoon. Cooler Tuesday. Low tonight 44; high Tuesday 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: ftYlmnm, 67; minimum, 47; noon, 65; precipitation, none. Official for thp 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; 40; noou, 53; precipitation, none; sun sets'to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 16. up to the vice-president Calif- ornia's Governor Earl Warrren if Dewey wins, or Kentuck's Senator Alben W. Barkley if Truman re- tains the White House. In addition, 432 House seats, 32 governorships, -hundreds of state and local offices and scores of referenda issues will be settled. Republican Maine elected a sen- ator, governor and three House members In September. Seek Deadlock The big hope of the States' Righto is to capture enough electoral votes to keep either Tru- man or Dewey from getting a ma- jority. That would throw the con- jest into the House of Representa- ives, where each state would cart a single ballot. But Thurmond, the South Caro- lina governor who heads the States' Rights ticket, said at Houston, Tex- as, Saturday night that even if bis falls "we shall have accom- plished ectiva.' our most important ob-
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