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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1948, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER Hair tnnlghtt Thursday ptirtly olotitly und continued FM IS HERE Dial 97.5 for tho Best In Radio Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48, NO. 90 WINONA, MINNESOTA WEDNESDAY EVENING. JUNE 2, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Ten Billions Asked for Defense THE ALSOPS SovictsMay Risk Much For Berlin Hy Stewart Alsop Berlin Every new arrival In Berlin complains of a sense ot un- reality. Against tho Impossibly melodramatic backdrop ot the ruln- ccl city, tho life ot tho American community In the undamaged sub- urbs, complete with hot dogs, coun- try clubs, Coca-Cola and Saturday night hops, seems totally unreal. behlncl the unreality, thcro lies one terrible reality: It was Is to come, It may well start here. For tho Russians, who completely sur- round the city, determined to forco the western powers out. There Is no doubt at nil about that. The only question Is how much the Kremlin is willing to risk In the process. Unfortunately, many observers hcvo believe that tho Russians are willing to risk a great deal, for two reasons. First, despite every effort of the Soviet to seal off the west- erners, western Influence still seeps 7 Nazi Human Experimenters Hang Stassen Favors Sending Navy to Protect Israel Philadelphia Stassen favors sending a major por- tion of the United States navy to Palestine. The candidate for the Republican presidential nomination came out for such action by the U, S. last night in a speech at Philadelphia's arena. He said ho favored the Navy support as a means of protecting the residents of Israel from con- tinued slaughter. Stassen also listed "four dangers of war." They were: America stumbles at home, communist aggression Harold E. spreads over ad-titior.al millions. totalitarian socialist ec- onomies stagnate peoples now free. the ideals of the United Nations on a world level crumble on the rocks of Palestine.' The former Minnesota governor warned his audience against being "lulled Into a false sense of se- curity" and declared "we must re- cognize Russian tactics." "I know of no he said, "In the past 20 years in which the Russians made any concession at a time when they were in complete control of a situation." Stassen left today for Pittsburgh where he was scheduled to speak tonight. out from Berlin into tho Russian omplro to tlie cast. The western prcsenco here thus no doubt ap pears a malignant cancer which must be cut out. Second, and per- haps more important, Soviet plans 1'or employing a revived and con-1 trolled German nationalism as Instrument for eventually bringing kstlinrl I Ifl all Germany within the Soviet rUUIlU LfCaU 111 sphere can never really succeed %vhile tho western powers remain In Berlin. THE WAY IN' WHICH German nationalism is being used to further Russian ends Is not generally real- ized. A recent closed meeting of the Gorman communist leaders, pre- sided over by Colonel Tulpanov, chief link between the Soviet com- mand and the communists, was significant. With Tulpanov smiling benignly, communist chieftain Wal- ter UlbrlKht ordered the assembled communist to "rid themselves of thi-lr old Marxist Inhibitions against nationalism" and he sternly warned "old-line communists" that in this matter they muse "submit to the will of the central committee." To oncounifto German national- Ism (which needs precious little encouragement) the Soviets have even gone so far as to establish and support financially a political party called the "Nationalist Bour- geois party." tiulto openly advertised sis haven for c.x-NnzIs, Yet the chief Soviet Instrument is the com- munists' "pi.-optcs1 congress." The Bill to Admit Refugees Tops 'Must' Legislation By Donald Sanders Senate stretched out Its working hours today in a bid to dispose of one of three bills tagged "mus: by G.O.P. leaders aiming at a June 19 adjournment. jtjL, icttwej.0 Acting Republican Leader Wherry of Nebraska said he will hold the chamber in session "quit, lato" to admit up to 200.000 war refugees Milwaukee Couple Found Dead i Upstairs Flat bodies of a Milwaukee school secretary nnd her army private husband were found today In their upper flat under cir- cumstances which police said they were unable to explain immediately. The victims were Calvin J. Brcmer, 38, nnd his wife, Bcrnico B. Bremer, congress Is designed to become a Soviet-run German shadow govern- ment, claiming to be the true gov- ernment of all Germany, and with headquarters In Berlin. But as long sis tho western powers control three- tiuarters of TJorlln, the pretensions of the peoples' congress will ring hollow, und the Hussions and their communist stooges know it. TIIK SOVIET CAMPAIGN to cor- rect this situation by forcing the westerners out Is of course already well under way, There has been nothing offlcliil. Indeed, Russian General Sokoluvsky (a personally likeable man u'lio nrlmlres Jane Austen i has ncvrr even so much as hfntctl t.o American General Lu- cius Clay thai he would be glad to see the lust of him. Yet Ruslan actions. In forclmj the Americans to take to tho to supply the American contingent. In stopping road convoys and In cutting off shipments from Berlin to the west, have spoken n great deal louder than words. Under tho firm, wise leadership of General Clay the Americans nevertheless remain, us do the Bri- tish and the French. It must now be elear to tho Kremlin that if this Infinitely datiKorous game of cat and mouse Is to be played to the imrl, more drastic: action will bo ncc- esary. Such action. In the opinion of ciuallfled observers here, could take cither of two forms. The first alternative Is the ob- vious one. As nnc American officer nut It, "They can load us on cattle mrs bound "for Siberia any night t.tu-y want." The western response to i.hc use of force Is equally ob- It Is possible that the Kremlin may have concluded that war Is Inevitable, and that it is better foim'ht now than later. But this appears to bo Increasingly im- probable and is really no longer feared. TUC SECOND .POSSIBLE Soviet move is less obvious, and the ap- propriate western response Is any- thing but clear. This move Is sim- ply to cut, whether overtly or under some pretext, tho civilian supply lines from the western to Ber- lin, For example, the vital Magde- burg bridge over tho Elbe might suddenly break down, while fortu- itously 'sunken barges made the canal network into Berlin impas- sible. The results arc entirely fore- seeable. The two million people in the western sectors of Berlin would soon begin to starve. For although the Anifirlcnns here are supplied entirely by air, It Is impossible to supply the Germans in the western (Continued on I'IIKF Column 3.) ALSOrS into this country during the two years. That bill, a limited revival of the draft, and extensidn of the reciprocal trade act beyond June 12 were the only ones posted on an admittedly tentative and incomplete of measures which top Republican leaders have labeled for definite action. Money Bills Left the of The list is In addition to appro- priations bills carrying money to maintain the federal government during the year starting July 1. Of the three "must" bills, only one has been passed by either house. That is the reciprocal trade ex- tension which the House Convicted in Deaths of Thousands Four Doctors, Others Elite Guard Officers By Donald Doane Landsberir, Germany Seven German doctors and SS (elite guard) officers died on American gallows today for war crimes. They were convicted of killing and maiming thousands in brutal medical experiments in Nazi con- centration camps. Their victims were inmates of the camps. They were the first to be hanged of 25 Germans sentenced to death by U. S, war crimes courts at Nuern- berg. Several died protesting their in- nocence and complaining against the American system of Justice wffich convicted them. All walked firmly to death on two black gallows in the courtyard of the prison where Adolf Hitler wrote "Mein Kampf" while confined there after his Munich putsch 25 years ago. Baumann and herself secretary to the principal of the Walter Allen graded school. Neither body bore the marks of external violence, police said, but medical examiners said the woman had been dead more than 48 hours and the husband less than 24 hours. The bodies were discovered about 8 a, m, by police who answered n call from Bremer's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Adolph Bremer, who occupy a first floor flat at 1022 South 34th street. The younger Bremers lived upstairs. The single door to the upper flat was locked and police climbed through a window to gain entrance. The elder Bremers said they had been alarmed because they had heard no sounds since early yester- day. Mrs. Bremer was clad only in a nightgown when her body was found. It was swathed in blankets on a double bed. A pillow lay across her face. Bremer, on pass from Fort Sher- idan, was stretched on a day- bed in another room. His glasses lay beside him on the floor. The two were believed to have been seen together the last time Saturday night when they visited a drugstore in the neighborhood. Bremer re- turned alone yesterday, the druggist told police. Bremer, whose ten-day furlough from Fort Sheridan expired yester- day, ate his noon meal that day with his parents. His mother told police he had remarked his wife was sick and that she suggested he take a tray upstairs to her. He replied. "She's pretty according to Mrs. Brcmer. According to the medical examin- er's report, the younger Mrs. Bremer was dead at taat time. veto Senate finance committee smarted hearings on it yesterday. The selective service revival, aim- ed at bringing the armed forces up to authorized strength, has been approved by armed services com- mittees in both House and Senate. Wherry told reporters he hopes the Senate car. get started on draft debate tomorrow by disposing of the war refugee bill tonight and sending it on to the House. 'A simi- lar bill has been approved there by the judiciary committee. Before Senate Since May 19 The refugee bill has been before the Senate from time to time since May 19. The second of several controver- sial amendments to that measure was disposed of yesterday. The Senate beat down, 40 to 31, a' pro- posal by Senator Ferguson (R.- Mlch.) and five of his colleagues to change the eligibility for ad- mission formula. Defeat of the proposal left intact that portion of the bill stipulating that at least one-half the persons considered for admission shall be refugees whose place of oi'gln has been annexed by a foreign power. 12-Day-91d Child Recovering After Spinal Operation Off Without a Hitch The executions went off without a hitch. The last man dropped to his doom just 62 minutes after the first stepped on the trap. Four of those hanged were doc- tors. The by Judge Walter Seals of the Washington state supreme convict- ed them 4aia thcy had perverted ;helr science Into a. murderous prac- tice on helpless living persons. The other three executed men were SS officers convicted of directing the Nazi "research program." The experiments described In court ncludcd high altitude experiments in which human guinea _pigs were crushed and strangled, were malaria, There also gas and sterilization tests which killed many them dying In agony. General Karl Brandt, 43, the top medical officer of the Nazi state, wasj the first to die. He once boasted: "Here is one German the Ameri- cans will never hang." Mr. .nd Mrs. Benjamin Fischl, former New York city residents withi their two FhUUp. one year old and Joseph, five years old, get relief in a refugee center at Portland Ore. They lost their homf and aU their belongings in the Vanport Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Arabs Insist On Unified Palestine By Robert Hewett Cairo Arab nations In- formed the United Nations today that any truce which does not pro- vide for a unified Palestine has no of success. detailed reply was an i The ceptance of the four-week armistice Brandt once was Hitler's personal asked by the U.N., but it the physician. Another of Der rer's personal doctors, Dr. Theo- dore Morrell, died last nat- ural causes. Final Speech Cut Short Brandt made a final speech BO long that after he ignored admoni- tions to cut It short the black hood was thrown over his face In mid- sentence. "It Is no shame to stand on this he cried. "I served my fatherland as others before He scorned religious solace, as did the others. The others who died were: Karl Gebhardt, 50, once president of the German Red Cross, head surgeon of the elite guard and per- sonal physician to Heinrich Hlmm- ler. Joachim Murgowsky, 42, chief elite guard hygicnist. Wolfram Sievers, SS colonel and director of the military research In- stitute. Victor Brack, SS colonel and chief administrative officer under Martin Hoven, chief medical jBormann. Waldumar Minneapolis Although officer at Buchenwald. only 12 days old, Eugene E. Mor- tenson today was recovering nicely Rudolf Brandt adjutan t to H mm from a successful operation on his'lute. ler and chief of SS hygienic Insti- splne. Surgeons said the baby will be able to rejoin his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Carlton E. Mortenson, Under- wood, Minn., within a week or ten Five other defendants convicted at the trial, which ended last Au- gust, were sentenced to life impris- onment. Four received lesser pris- on terms. Seven of the 23 original defendants were acquitted. time of the cease fire to be decided While the Arabs and Jews de- bated the scope of ths truce both accepted yesterday, gunplay con- tinued in the Holy Land. Whether Israel's statement of "assumptions" regarding the four-week armistice and the Arab nations' reply would bring an effective armistice could not be said. The Trans-Jordan Arab legion repulsed Jewish attacks on three gates of the old walled city of Jerusalem before 3 a. m., Pales- tine time which Israel had set' for a cease fire. (This was 5 p. m. Tuesday Central standard Military headquarters at Tel Aviv asserted that Egyptian armed 'forces broke that cease fire twice In actions below Tel Aviv. The Egyptian foreign ministry Issued the text of the reply of the seven Arab countries to the U.N.'s plea for a four weeks armistice. It left.the time of the cease fire to be decided and said: solution which does not maintain Palestine's political will have no chance of success. Jewish Immigration into the HoJy Land would constitute the gravest threat to Arab coun- tries. states should be allowed to cooperate with the U.N. mediator. Count Folke Bernadotte, and the truce commission to supervise com- pliance with conditions of the cease fire.'. The Arab reply did not make clear whether the Arab acceptance of the armistice is conditional on the security council agreeing with these "explanations." Accused of the Assassination of India's Mohandas Gandhi, these men listen to the testimony in New Delhi courtroom during their arraignment. They are scheduled to go on trial June 14. Left to right they are Nathuram Vnayak Goose, leader of the accused group; Natayam Dattraya Apte and Vishnu Ram- krlshnn Karkare. In center, second row, is Madam Lai, also accused of exploding a bomb outside n Gar.dhi prayer' meeting at Blrla house ten days before the January 30 Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald. MacArthur's Name to Be Put Before G.O.P. Convention Milwaukee General Doug- las MacArthur will be nominated for the presidency at the Republi- can national convention by Harlan W. Kelley, Milwaukee attorney. Kelley is chairman of the Wis- consin delegation of eight pledged to MacArthur. He confirmed an announcement made in 7, Pool Bee Wrecks Car, 2 Power Poles Marinette. Wls. Irai7 little bee wandered into the car of John Overman, Jr., on highway 141 south of Fembine Monday and started crawling Up Overman's pants leg. Overman went quickly Into action and within a few mo- ments the Overman car was two power poles were down, and electric power wires were sprawled across the high- way, holding up holiday traffic _ for a, half-hour. Overman was unhurt except for a few bruises. The bee went humming on its way. Woman's Body Found in Milwaukee River Milwaukee The body of a woman about 50 years 'old was found floating In the Milwaukee river today. A boy out walking his dog saw the body. Police said the body, clad only in a slip, had been in the water several hours. A woman's coat, dress, shoes and stockings were found on the river bank. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and tonight. Thursday partly cloudy with Increas- ing cloudiness in the late afternoon. Moderately warm. Low tonight 62; high Thursday 90 to 92. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum. 55; noon, 88; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Bemidjl ...........86 Chicago 81 Denver ............78 DCS Moines ........85 Duluth 84 International 83 Kansas City 86 Los Angeles 69. Miami ............85 Minneapolis-St. Paul 85 New York 78 Seattle 72 Phoenix 99 Washington 79 Winnipeg 89 65 55 52 59 63 62 55 55 75 60 57 51 65 64 65 Top Floor of Fond du Lac Hotel Burned Fond dn Lac, Wls. The top floor of the Hotel Retiaw, Fond du Lac's largest hotel, was gutted by fire early today. Fire Chief Henry 'Grunwald was unable Immediately to assess dam- age or determine a cause for the blaze. There were no guests on the floor, which housed a combination car- penter shop and storeroom, Grun- wald said that In addition to the total loss on the floor, the eighth, some damage was done by water x> all floors down to the main hotel ballroom on the second floor. The fire was discovered about 7 a. m. by a passerby, who noticed smoke seeping from, windows on ;he top floor. Three fire engines answered the alarm and all off- duty firemen were called back to duty immediately. The blaze was reported under control after about two hours of work by the firemen. Three hose lines, hooked to the hotel water supply, were connected from the seventh floor and thousands of gal- :ons were pumped onto the blaze.' Hotel Manager Michael Essex said guests in seventh floor rooms were awakened and asked to leave. Oth- ers on lower floors were not warn- ed, but most awakened and made their way to the street. The hotel has 250 rooms. Essex said the damaged section, about 100 by 50 feet, contained In addition to carpenter equipment unused beds and other Items not n everyday use by the hotel. The hotel, one of the Schroeder chain in Wisconsin, Is located at the intersection of Division and Main streets in the heart of the downtown district. .12 .04 Monthly Draft of Seen Alarming of Soviet Might Spending Washington A record peacetime Army-Air Force ap- propriation bill was whisked through the House today and sent to the Senate. The measure provides for tho two services for the new fiscal year starting July 1. The passace vote was 346 to 2. The two votes against the bill were by Representatives Marcantonlo and Isacson, both of the American Labor party, New York. By William F. Arbogasl Washington Tile biggest peacetime military budget in the nation's history hit the House floor for the Army, Navy and Air Force. The appropriations committee at the same time released testimony warning or the "alarming menace" of Soviet military might and Ols- Joslng that the United States fleet now in the Mediterranean Is there for two reasons: First, to serve us a warning to Soviet Union not to try to overrun any ot the free countries of Europe. Second, to be ready to remove American forces if worst came to worst. Admiral Louis E. Dcnfcld, chief of naval operations, told the com- mittee just two weeks ago that the Mediterranean fleet of one carrier, three cruisers and ten destroyers could be augmented quickly. (A 12-shlp task force headed by the carrier Kearsage left Norfolk, Va., late yesterday to relieve the vessels on duty In die Mediterran- ean.) To Draft Monthly The Army plans to draft men a- month If Congress passes a selective service law. The Army told the committee dur- ing closed-door hearings on the bill that it had hoped to start induc- tions around July 1 but might be delayed until September or Oc- tober. "We will be prepared to receive inductees a month, in addi- tion to the volunteer said Major General H. R. Bull of the organization and training divi- sion. "We are going to operate all of our Installations to the maximum capacity and, therefore, we would reach our requested strength by March, 1949." If war should come, the Army will iave -a lot of ammunition to get started with. It told the committee it has on hand tons of ammuni- don of various kinds, with practically none compared In 1039; DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Red Wing Lake City Reads Dam 4, T.W. Dam 5, T.W, Dam 5A, T.W. WInona Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change 14- Dam 6, Pool Dakota 12 3 ton by Wnrren Wright, national coordinator of the MacArthur clubs. Kelley denied a published report that the nominating speech had La Crosse 12 2.4 6.1 3.2 4.2 4.2 10.0 7.5 9.3 4.6 Tributary Streams Chippewa at Durand Zumbro at Thellman Black at Galesville La Crosse at W. Salem 1.6 1.4 _r____ ___ been, written and submltced'to" Mac-'Buffalo above Alma 1.4 Arthur for approval. Kelley said he Trempealeau at Dodge .3 has not finished writing the speech.jBlack at Neillsville "If it were true that the speech was being submitted to MacArthur It would Infer that the general is taking active part In the cam- said Kelley. "He (MacAr- thur) knows I am giving the speech but he does not know what the speech Is going to be and he won't know until it is made." Boot at Houston 5.8 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttcnberg) Broadfoot's Starting Pay To Be Madison, drover Broadfoot newly appointed Wisconsin attorney general, won't be eligible to collect the new annual salary for the ,4 job when he assumes his new duties, .2 it was Indicated today. He'll prob- get the current Broadfoot was named by Gover- nor Oscar Rennebohm to succeed John E. Martin, appointed by the governor yesterday to the state su- preme court. The question of Broadfoot's eligi- bility to receive arose after the appointment was made. Broad- foot was a member of the state leg- islature which last year raised the attorney general's pay from. The state constitution says the sal- ary of a public officer shall not be increased during his term of office. Martin was not eligible for the in- crease and Broadfoot was named to fill Martin's unexpired term. In an informal opinion by mem- bers of the attorney general's staff it .2 .1 The slowly falling tendency will j was held that the assemblyman is continue at most tailwater gauges for Martin's post but that this district, the lower pools holding i the Increased salary cannot be paid fairly constant at normal elevatloruuntil after the next election. A (Garand) rifles, and tons of tanks, trucks, ve- ilcles, guns and other equipment. Some of the equipment is growing obsolete, but most of it can be serv- iced and used In a pinch. Given Top Priority Two separate appropriation bills top priority for immediate for the Army and the Air Forces and for the Navy for the rear starting July 1. Their combined total Is greater than the services are spending this year and more than three times as much as the regular 1941 budgets for the armed forces. The committee recommended a cut of 6.1 per cent, or for the Navy, and nine per cent, or for the Army-Air Forces from amounts President Tru- man had asked. The new funds are Intended 1o build up Army and Air Force per- sonnel to a top strength of and the Navy and Marine corps to This compares with reported Soviet military strength of 000 men, which General Omar N. Bradley, chief of nrmy staff, said presents "an alarming menace to the security of the United States." Run Have 250 Subs The committee was told that Russia has at least 250 submarines. Testimony taken during the hear- ings shows that the army plans to use of its men overseas and in this country. The manpower goal ret for the Army and Air Force is 500 more than the two services ex- pect to have In uniform at the end of this factor that under- scored the priority Republican leaders have given the draft bills pending in both House and Senate. The total cosh for the Army and for the Air with in the regular budget for the fiscal year 1941 when the nation was girding for war and the Army and the Air Force were financed by a single budget. Coupled with funds remaining from previous appropriations, it. would make available to the Army nnd the Air Force for the year starting July 1. The bill provides for an Air Force with a top military strength of and an Army of 790.000. The Army expects to have 540.000 by July (Continued on Page 6. Column 1.) BILLIONS
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