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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Cloudy tnnljcht; ocnmlonAl >nd SunUn.T. IS HERE DUl 37-5 the In Radio Full Leased Wire Newi Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations WINONA. MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING. MAY 29. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES VOLUME 46, NO. 88_________________________________ AW Wallace Sees Peace Peril in Mundt Bill THE ALSOPS Warren Makes an Impression By Joseph Alsop Sacramento, Warren who governs California from this pleasant, pretty city, is the least known of major American political figures. This Is too bad, for War- run is also one of tho throe or four most impressive senior Republicans if ono may Judge from two hours' frank talk. Furthermore, although ho is not ono of those who toss all night with droams of the White House, Warren is a serious candidate for tho Republican presidential nom- ination. Thin week, with the Republican convention delegates chosen, War- ren's emissaries are going out through tho country. They are ex- plaining to Republican leaders War- ren's pro-eminent availability, in the qulto possible event of a deadlock in tho convention. Warren himself thoroughly understands that a con- Senator Arthur H. Vnndenbcrg whom ho warmly nclmlres. But he Is preparing to take his chance with shrewd, good-humored equanimity. In nny event, ha is legally en- titled to hold tho big California delegation until ho chooses to re- lease- it. And thus, whatever hap- pens, ho is bound to bo one of the iialf-dozen commanding personali- ties when the delegates gather at Philadelphia, What sort of fellow, then, Is this man Warren? In the first place, he Is n second-generation Scandinavian American, sind looks it. (It nom- inated and elected, ho would bo the first occupant of tho white House whoso father and mother wore Im- migrants. Ho Is a solid, easy-mov- ing quiet-spoken man, with the big Scandinavian build, and the broad, immll-foatured, pleasant Scandina- vian face. Put a, blue cap on him, woathor his skin n little, and he might bo a big Norwegian aca cap- tain. Ho walks through the Cali- fornia capital corridors as ft rather Konlnl son captain might walk vessel's familiar deck. And although lie shows no signs of wishing to imitate tho autocracy of the mas- ter of a ship, he Is reputed to have Bteerccl California knowingly through very difficult times. For purposes of this report, how- ever, his rippearanco is consider- nbly less Important than his views. Those are generally supposed to be mysterious and Imprecise, In fact, however, ho has Just surveyed the whole panorama of American policy, both domestic and foreign, saying where ho stands on almost every is- BUO, In a radio broadcast that bus received Infinitely too little atten- tion in tho country. In thU broadcast, which was his (Continued on rape 11, Column 3.) ALSOPS Arabs Launch Attack on New Jerusalem Haganah Battles Throttling Siege; Old City Aflame Lake Success Russia blasted Britain's Palestine policy today as hypocritical, cynical and imperialistic. Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet deputy foreign minister told the United Nations security council Jt must reject Britain's resolution for peaceful media- tion of the Holy Land Issue. Cairo Arab troops began an attack today in modern Jerusa- lem. Jews, short of water and food, tried desperately to break a block- ade of all four highways entering the city, Legion guns pounded Jewish con- centrations in new Jerusalem, even as raging fires swept the ancient Jewish ghetto in the old city. There Israeli remnants, with food and ammunition gone, surrendered yes' tcrday after a five-month siege top- ped off by an 11-day pounding from the guns of King Abdullah's Arab Legion. Now the Jews in all Jerusalem aro under a throttling state of siege that can be ended only by the opening of supply routes to the Mediterranean coast. "The battle for the defense of new Jerusalem and for the liberation of the old city a Hag- anah (Jewish army) communique declared. Locked in Battle Thousands of Israelis and Arabs were locked in a battle west of Jerusalem for the highway from Tel Aviv which could supply the Holy city's Jews. The Arabs threw armor, artillery, planes and all the manpower they could spare into the fight, Tel Aviv reports said. Jews fighting to break the Arab ring around Jerusalem could see smoko and flames belching from the rubble-strewn old city. Arab forces, commanding the Zlon gate, led the last group of Jewish civilians and children, young and old, from the old city. In the old city's police barracks, 204 Jewish men of military age, were temporarily behind bars, -waiting buses to take them to a camp at Amman, Trans-Jordan, Seriously wounded men, under the surrender terms accepted yesterday, were to bo delivered to Jewish lines in Jeru- salem, but the others of some 150 wounded may be kept prisoners. Fires Rage Fires raged through the night in the Jewish quarter. The Arabs blamed Jewish mines which they saltl exploded from time fuses after tho surrender was concluded. Some Arabs said the Jews kindled fires Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS WInona and vicinity: Increasing cloudiness and wanner tonight: low- plode, n. cst 5'V. Occasional local showers living la and warmer Sunday; highest 72. T.OCAI. WKATHER purposely before the evacuation of the quarter, which adjoined the south wall. A dlspateh from inside the old city 'said the ghetto looked like a chunk of blasted Stalingrad, The stench of death was heavy. Some Jewish bodies lay unburied and others had been covered hastily with thin layers of rubble. The Holy Sepulchre was hit today by a mortar shell which did not ex- Homan Catholic priest Official observations for the 24 hours enclltif: at 12 m. today: Maximum, liV: minimum, 52; noon, C7: precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Pep. Bomldjl 57 -B Chicago 79 4G Denver............. 7-t 5G De.sMolnes......... 77 52 Duluth............. 04 3S International Falls 59 31 Kansas City........ 84 GO Los Angeles "2 53 Miami.............. 78 Mpls.-St. Paul C5 50 New Orleans 83 CU .15 New York 77 GO Seattle 5G 01 Phoenix............ 07 C3 Washington 70 CG Edmonton.......... 71 -12 Kcglmi 09 38 The Pas SO 42 telephone. the shrine reported by Gene Johtuon photo will remain lor.one week after Memorial day. and then will be removed for another year. City Set for Quiet Observance of Memorial Day; Parade, Bandshell Prosram Monday will observe Memorial day Benes Fails to O.K. New Czech Constitution Prague, Czechoslovakia. President Eduard Benes has not signed Czechoslovakia's new con- stitution, and there is no indication that he will, it was disclosed to- day. The president's failure to approve formally the "people's democracy" constitution adopted by a purged parliament May 9 led to specula- tion that he may not continue in office. Official word on Benes' future Intentions could not be obtained. The president and all his principal aides were unavailable. There was talk in Prague that Benes would resign after tomor- row's communist- dominated single slato election. This talk was plainly labeled as speculation, however. The ministry of information con- firmed that Benes has not yet signed the new constitution but pointed out he has until June 3 to act. U. S. Ambassador Laurence A. Stelnhardt says Benes is "rela- Memorial Day Program Lake Park bandshell, a. m. May 31 Cyril B. Smith, presiding Flag raising Marine Corps league The Star Spangled Banner..............Winona Municipal band Harold Edstrom, director Community singing led by H. Irving Tingley Pledce to the Flag.......... Led by Eagle Scout Mark Fawcett invocation...........................The Rev John H. Simonds Reading, "Lincoln's Gettysburg Address" Wilfred Fraser "America, the Civic chorus Directed by H. Irving Tingley Accompanied by the Winona Municipal band Overture, "Over There L. Lake Memorial address.....................Colonel Donald T. Winder "God of Our Civic chorus Directed by Mr. Tingley Accompanied by band Municipal band 13-Cent Hike Ends Chrysler Dispute Detroit The vanguard of Chrysler Corporation workers trickling back into the plants It was not known whether the shell was from Jewish or Arab held territory. The missile crashed atop the Saint Helena's chapel, for tho Byzantine queen mother who built the first church over the sacred place of Christ's burial and resurrection, TJ. N, Action Despite strong American-Russian support, a proposal for United Na- tions force to stop the Palestine war appeared headed for defeat to- day. Security Council President Alex- ander Parodl of France said he hoped to get a vote by tonight. The plans needs seven affirmative bal- lots In the 11-natlon council. Only the United States, Russia, the Sov- DA1LY KIVF.B BUU..ETIN Flood Stapo 24-hr, .let Ukraine, France and Colombia no1 have supported it. The Russian-introduced proposal would order the Jews and Arabs, Including Arab governments, to halt military operations in the Holy Land within 35 hours. Failure to comply could bring economic sanc- tions and the use of an intema- !s .1 4- .1 .1 StiiKC Today Change Red Wine 1't 3.2 .2 Lake City G.5 -.2 Rends 12 3.5 .1 Dam 4, T.W....... 4.4 Dnm 5. T.W....... 2.4 Dam 5A. TAV...... 3.4 Winona 13 5.3 Dam 6, Pool 9.7 Dam G. T.W....... 4.3 Dakota 7.4 Dam 7, Pool 9.5 Dam 7. T.W....... 2.1 La Crossc 2.1 Tributary Streams Chlppcwa at Durand. 2.4 Zumbro at Thollman. Trempcaleau at Dodge Bluck at Nclllsvllle... Black nt Giilesvlllc La Crossc at W. Salem 1.6 Boot at 'Houston 5.9 KIVKK FORECAST (From Hustings to Guttcnbcrpr) No important changes arc indicat- ed In the river stages until effec- tive rains occur, Catc adjustments have been about completed with normal pool elevations reached. Bulleti ins tlonal army. Berlin A bitter 15- hour meeting of tho four-power body for governing Berlin ended today with the Soviet repre- sentative announcing he would no longer sit next to his Ameri- can counterpart. Washington The ad- ministration's list of 37 Russian violations of agreements with the United States in Germany and seven other former nations was made public to- day. Great Lakes, 111. Some 350 sailors and marines, one half of them armed, searched a ten-mile wide area last night and today for three mental patients who escaped from the Great Lakes naval training Stati''.7i. 6 Perish As Fire Roars Through Chicago Flat .4 2.7 3.5 persons died to- day In a roaring flre that spread with terrific speed through a three- story apartment building on thcl southwest side. .2 An undetermined number of per- sons fled from the building located five blocks north of the criminal ,1 .1 .1 courts building. Fire Marshal Anthony Mullaney said the blaze, of undetermined ori- gin, spread so quickly that rescuers were able to save only one of seven persons trapped on the second and third floors. Earlier, seven persons were injured in another flro which damaged a three-story apartment building about a mile south of second blaze, This flre, also of undetermined ori- gin, caused damage estimated by ire department officials at An immediate investigation of the second flre was started by Earl Downes, flre department attorney. Four of the victims have been identified as Frank Duffek, 70. own- er of the building; Mrs. Lyle Wllkins and her son, John, four, and Kiren Callaghan, 40. The bodies of the other two vic- tims were believed to be those of Albert Stuczynskl and his wife, Rose. The bodies were found in a third floor apartment occupied by the cou- ple but were burned beyond recog- nition, i a straight 13 increase.. With ,thelr return the second than'twice Chrysler's best previous offer. It also extended the company's contract, due to expire in 11 months, until August, 1950. Either Chrysler or the IT. A. W. can seek an ad- majorlabor dispute in the auto-! justment of wage rates once any mobile iiidustry this year was June .J5p 1949. Salaried employes, some of them represent- ed by the TJ. A, W., were given an ten off the books. Chrysler's settlement the C. I. O. United Auto Workers, an- nounced last night, bettered by two cents the raise given strike- threatening General Motors em- ployes under a cost of living for mula only three days earlier. It provided less than half the union's original demand but more Wlnona will observe Memorial day quietly on Monday. It will be a day's Interlude from business and Industry in which to Honor the American, dead of post wars. Winona cemeteries will flame with the floral tributes placed on the graves of the war dead to keep alive the memories of sons, husbands and fathers who have died to keep intact the liberty of this country. Patriotic organizations will form and march without ostentation to observe military ceremonies which have been and will continue to be a pattern of Memorial day. Few speeches will be made and only brief ceremonies and gun salutes will take place. Veterans say pomp and ceremony is not the Am- erican way today and that to hon- or the war dead, they must trim and shape the day in accordance with the quick and swift and ready spirit of the living. A lonely medley of sound will mark the day's ceremonies at 11 a. m. when the city's church bells will toll for one minute In tribute to the servicemen who died. Stores, offices, public buildings and industries will be closed throughout WInona's observance of Memorial day. Armies and wars will be forgotten as those who still mourn the men, who, long years ago, wore the blue and the gray, the men who fought in the Spanish war, the Mexican war, and the doughboys who went "over the top" in World War I and the late heroes who fought the mo- bile and sky war of World War II, meet and unite in a common sor- Oheo Girl, 14, Wens Nashinal Spcling Bea The ghinal spcllng bca. Is over and the young womun that one it diserves all the conpratulashuns she got. Why, sum of the wirds they through at that poorc little ycre-oia Riirl Irom Black Horse, Ohio, wud have stumped a groan man. But she whized right drew them, did this kewt little toa- hcad named Jean whopLnR big-, wirds like impcck- able and pcrspikcwily and si- Well, lot's of bis wlrds, any- way. She nokt out the runer-np, a, locle boy named Parrcll Fla- vcUc, with a sixtcan-dolar spcchcl wlrd: oligarchy. (That's what it scd on the ofichial list anyway. Doubtless a missprint for So the wlner, who was spon- sired by the Akrun Bcakin-. Jurnal, got and a trip to Nuc York and the runcr-up, whus sponger was the Washing- ten Daley Nuse, got and kls. And bicnsr onley 14, JIB scmcd to like the bctcr. In fact he scrucd his face all up like Mikcy Euney and he wriffled like 'a wurm on a. huk when she's the girl who him a grate big crnak for consolatcon pirpuses. South'Africa May Consider Quitting U.N. Pretoria, Union of South said today South Africa's new Nationalist government Is likely to consider whether to withdraw Irom the TJnltcd Nations. The Nationalist party which de- feated Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuts In the election Tuesday fre- quently insisted In the past that South Africa cancel her member- ship in the U. N. because of the world organization's attitude toward this country'a Indian question. India has charged in the U. N general assembly that South Africa discriminates against her Indian population. The assembly ordered the two countries to negotiate their differences on the issue. Nothing came of the resolution. South. African nationalists also were angered because of a U. N. proposal to submit Southwest Africa to trusteeship. The nationalists want it incorporated in the union. Southwest Africa has been admin- istered since World War I by South Africa under a League of Nations mandate. It formerly was a German colony. Years ago, the servicemen and eight per cent raise with a floor their families say, when they were Election Issue Snags West Reich Rule Agreement diplomats reported today the six-country con- ference on western Germany's fu- ture reached agreement "on all but _ a few political questions." A commu- tory for all American workers In view nlnue on results will be Issued earlylof the determination of industry as next week. ia whole to fight against any wage There was no plenary session of increases at all or, of a month. There was no official explana- tion as to why Chrysler settled for a flat sum rather than the widely- heralded G. M. sliding scale. How- ever, a union customarily holds out for a penny or two more than the pattern for its memlbers on strike. Chrysler would not say whether it plans to raise car prices to cover Its higher labor costs. The agreement left only the Ford Motor Company of the Industry's big three yet to settle with the U. A. W. in the third postwar wage drive. It apparently knocked a second prop -from under Ford's counter-demand for a wage cut. The auto union promptly hailed the settlement as signal vic- in some in- the United States, British, French, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxem- bourg delegations called for today. The economic and security commit- tees met to draft reports in which they will present recommendations io their governments for approval. A third conference political tied up in an argument over whether dele- gates to a constituent assembly for western Germany about September 1 will be elected or appointed. Under present plans the assembly will draft a German constitution. The U. S. delegation has been pressing for election of the delegates under the conviction that the pro- cedure would reflect a strong swing to the right among the German peoplJ. The French have insisted upon their appointment. Informed sources said the French stand was taken at the insistence of strong left of cen- ter forces at home. stances, to. fight for wage reduc- tions while prices, continue to rise Woman Novelist, 90, Suffers Slight Stroke San Francisco Novelist Gertrude Atherton's Illness was de- scribed today as due to a slight stroke. Miss "Atherton, author of 50 books, is 30. Stanford university hospital reported she showed some improve- ment yesterday. She is suffering from impairment of a cerebral blood vessel. No Paper Monday The Republican-Herald will omit publication Monday, Me- morial day, to allow employes to spend the day with their fami- lies. Business will be suspend- ed generally throughout the na- tion. young and gay, Memorial day was a holiday of long ceremonies and long parades. The heroes of the Civil war were (Continued on Page 11, Column L) MEMORIAL DAY MacArthur May Return After Party Conclaves Tokyo General MacAr- thur appeared ready today to plan his first trip to continental United States in 11 years after the sum- mer's political conventions. As matters now stand he is awaiting another invitation from the Senate appropriations commit- tee to appear in Washington some- time after the national conventions, He rejected the committee's re- quest to start home within a few days on the grounds this timing would appear to be "politically in- spired." There was a note of consistency in this position. The general has in- sisted his personal political nmbi- ;lons were to be kept separate from lis position as supreme commander of Allied powers in Japan. This, of course, would virtually be impos- sible if he appeared around the ;ime of the Republican convention ii Philadelphia. Idea Control' Legislation Assailed 'Only in U. Aspirant Senate Unit A, WaJ- :ace told senators today that can't have peace with Russia, II approach Russia with the atom bomb In one hand and the Mundt bill In the other." Wallace referred to the Mundt- Nlxon anti-communism bill already passed by the House by an over- whelming vote. Attacking the measure vigorously, Wallace txrtd the Senate Judiciary committee It represents "a declara- tion ol war on the rights of speech and free assembly to the United States." Clad In a double-breasted gray suit dull red tie and white shirt, Wallace arrived eight minutes late to testify at the hearing. on gold-rimmed spectacles, he Wok: a half hour to read his 3.000 word statement, in an almost nasal mono- A large crowd overflowed the room and spilled out into corridors, cur- ious to see and hear the former vice-president who is a third party candidate for president. Except for applause by some when Wallace en- vered and brief outbursts of laugh- ter the audience was orderly. Wallace made only minor changes as he read his text. When he finished the senators put but tew questions to him. EC remarked that he is a believer n "old-fashioned Americanism." He emphasized his opposition to law dealing with communism. Then Wallace rioted that Asso- ciate Justice WiBiam O. Douglas or the supreme court has said there are less than communists la the country. In answer to questions by Chair- man Wiley Wallace'said the government now has ample laws to deal with any subversive icts and he hopes It never has laws that aim at ideas or "thought control." The third party presidential can- didate said that "as the bill Is framed, its penalties can be visited upon every organization which es- pouses the cause of world peace and and added: "The Mundt bill would empower the attorney general to proscribe our party and visit criminal penal- Jcs upon its members, in the event that it it most certainly register with him." Shortly before Wallace testified. Socialist Norman Thomas told the committee that the "third party" supporting Henry Wallace for pre- sident is controlled to a large extent jy communists. Thomas, presidential candidate of the Socialists, also is opposed to tho Mundt-Nlxon bill. Thomas said Wallace is not a. communist and the majority of his enthusiastic supporters are not but he Wallace movement is "Influenc- by well-trained and very well- disciplined communists." Wallace referred to Hitler's cam- paign against the communists as a that the suppression of the constitutional rights of commun- sts is but the prelude to an assault upon the liberties of all the people. "In Germany, communism was the ostensible target, but the real vic- tims were the citizens of ev.-.yy state in Europe and our own." Turning to America's relations with the Soviet Union, Wallace said: False Clamor "We must not suffer ourselves to be deluded about a false and groundless clamor about Russian in- fluence and a Russian party in this country." He said the Mundt-Nlxon. measure is Justified by its support- ers "in the name of a cold war against and commented: 'Tile first victims of the cold war are the American people them- selves." water iAcrial View Of The Worst Columbia river flood since 1894 shows farmers being rescued hlgli tfcr below Portland, Ore. (AP. Wirephoto to The
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