Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 27, 1948, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER Llfht loo ill tonight, partly cloudy, much cooler IS HERE Dial 97JS for the Bcsf In Radio Full Leaied Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 46, NO. 86 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING. MAY 27. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES VOLUMh. 40. fNU. BMSMBM A Vandenberg Balks At G. O. P. Tariff U. S. Labor Picture Brightens Chrysler Accord Hopes Rise; G.E. to Resume Talks By The Associated Press Tho nation's labor picture ap- peared a little brighter toddy. Those arc the developments In Detroit, hopes rose for a quick settlement of the 10-day strike o! C.I.O.-Unitcd Auto Workers at Chrysler plivnts. The Ford Motor Company told the U.A.W. It would bo willing to open wago talks June 14. Earlier Ford representatives had suggested its U.A.W. production workers take wago cut. Tho Ctenoral Electric Company, in Now York, said it will reopen Vo- luntarily the Question of wage in- creases lor C.I.O. workers. Tho American Telephone and Telegraph Company and the CJ.O. American Union of Telephone Workers, claiming members, have agreed to continue wage ne- gotiations until June 1. Observers in the nuto industry expect-that the 11-cent adjustable Increase agreement reached by General Motors with the U.A.W.; this week would furnish a pattern lor other contracts -with the U.A.W. This agreement, they said, might have Its effect on negotiations to- wards a settlement of the strike at Chrysler plants and. in the wage talks between union and Ford re- presentatives nest month. Tho General Motors settlement of an Immediate 11 cents an hour Increase, goarcd to the cost o! living averted a threatened strike of 000 O, M. workers. The union's 200- man O. M. conference and repre- sentatives of workers in plants meet In Detroit tomorrow to consider the agreement which won approval of top U.A.W. leaders. In the Chrysler talks, the U.A.W., for the second time, cut its wage increase demand from 30 to 17 cents. Chrysler has offered an hourly boost of six cents and it did -its Congress Hits 'Voice of U.S.'; Orders Probe Broadcasts Libeled, Misrepresented U. S., Salons Say Washington Angered con- gressmen ordered a double-barreled investigation today America broadcasts libeled United pay not indicate it offer. However, had increased there was an air of optimism today as negotiators resumed their wago talks. Reds Deny Report Benes Gravely 111 Prujfue, Czech government denied today a report from abroad that President Eduard Bcnes is gravely ill and not expected to recover. To the contrary, an information ministry spokesman said, the 64- year-old president walked with his in the garden of their country homo last night and appeared to be in a hnppy mood. Bones suffered a stroke last fall An official Czechoslovak diplomat- ic source in London said yesterday that Benes was gravely ill and not expected to live. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity. Consider- able cloudiness and light local show- ers tonight: strong winclshlft before midnight. Friday partly cloudy and much cooler. Low tonight 56; high LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 85: minimum, 58; noon, 85: precipitation, none: sun sets tonight at sun rises to- ELSEWHERE Mnx. Mm. Free Bemldjl Chicago 72 Dcnvvr Dos Molnes 81 Duluth 84 International FtUls 82 Kansas City 70 Los Augolcs 70 Miami 83 Mlnneapolis-St. Paul 82 New Orleans 88 New York '08 Seattle 72 Phoenix 102 Washington OS Winnipeg 87 48 47 47 54 40 53 57 73 CO 72 57 55 64 01 40 ,25 (CQ) ,04 Allied Accord on Reich Rule Near Regional Defense Pacts Hailed by Senate Group WaihJnicton The Senate foreign relations committee said, today that United States-backed i regional defense pacts offer the best immediate way to prevent World War HI. The committee urged the Senate to adopt a resolution Introduced by Senator Vandenberg Tho resolution would record the Senate as believing pacts are a "desirable provided cer- tain safeguards are established. The United States and Latin- American countries have made a defense agreement of this nature. In a report to the Senate, the committee stressed that defense pacts are not to be confused with military alliances. It said, "They are directed against no one. They are directed soley against aggres- sion." six-nation dead- Jock over western Germany's future was broken today and negotiators t peacc appeared headed for full agreement j has plnned an _official on setting up a provisional German "propaganda" government. U. S. Labels Russ Peace Offensive 'Propaganda' Washington The Truman administration has sent the Senate foreign relations committee a list of Russia's major misdeeds to block 'Drivel, nonsense falsehoods." From Senator Diplomatic officials said the break an economic last night when the delegates con- curred on broad powers for an in- ternational control board over the mineral resources ol the Ruhr. The deadlock, caused by French objection to the plan for reshaping western Germany's future, had threatened to cause failure of the the United Britain, France. Belgium, the Neth-; erlands and Luxembourg. Informants said France agreed to the Ruhr international authority label on spring "peace Russia's The list sent to the Senate group Is reported authoritatively to cover around three dozen or more viola- tions by Russia of agreements which the Soviet Union has made during rcc-snt years with, the United States and various other countries. Stassen Plays For California 2nd Choice Votes New E. Stas- for control over allocations of lronjseni aspirant to the Republican ore, coal and coke after the Ur.ited j presidential nomination, says he States made concessions on French ;llas h0pes California's delegates' demands that safeguards be set up eventually may swing their support against the possibility that ex- panded German production might be used as a war potential. The chief concern 'of e ravaged by war with Germany in 25 been for her own se- Senate Unit Oleo Tax Repeal Washington The Senate finance committee today approved, curlty. Last night's agreement was 12 to 0, the House-passed oleo margarine tax repeal bili. Chairman Millikln (R.-CoIo.) said the committee wrote in an amend- ment to require that public eating places which serve colored mar- garine must post a sign saying so. reached after British Secretary Ern- est Bevin intervened. Bevin con- ferred Tuesday with U.S.' Ambassa- dor Lewis W. Douglas, chief of the American delegation, and Rene Masslgli, French ambassador and to him. The delegates now are pledged to the state's "favorite son" candidate, Governor Earl Warren, "Of course the 53 delegates from California are pledged to Governor the former Minnesota governor told newsmen on his ar- rival from Boston Jast night. "But several of these men and women are friendly to us." He expressed hope that he might be the state's second choice. Stassen said he intended to con- centrate his campaign head of the French delegation. (Massachusetts, Illinois, He said the vote on this amend- ment was 10 to 2. Chairman Taft (Ohio) of the Senate Republican policy commit- tee told reporters that group will meet tomorrow to decide when _ call up the oleo measure for Senate Long Prniric, Minn. debate. The bill would repeal the quarter on colored margarine. U. S. Enginer Shot On Korean Border S. Smith, 45, of Huntlngton, W. Vn., was wounded four times by a fusillade of shots as he stood near the dividing line be- j twccn the Russian find American yesterday, the Army revealed .02! today. DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change Red Wing 14 Luke City Roncls 12 Dam 4, T.W Dam 5, T.W Dam 5A, T.W Wlnona 13 6, Pool Dnm 6, T.W 0.7 3.G 4.6 2.4 3.6 fl-7 4.3 7-3 ,2 now in ____ _ ___T_ Indiana, The British secretary was reported I jjew jersey, Pennsylvania, Califor- to have advised the American and nja ancj Connecticut. "These will be the deciding fac- he commented. The former Minnesota governor said he had a "very encouraging day" In Massachusetts where, he made a bid for "second choice' ranking among the state's 35 dele- gates. Minnesota Fifth In Farm Wealth Washington Twelve states, including nine in the Middle West, have 57 per cent of the nation's farm wealth as measured by cash receipts from marketings, 1 Analysis of the agriculture de- parterrint's figures for the full year' 1947 shows that these dozen states) had cash farm receipts of while the other 36 states French delegates to compromise, on the ground that the deadlock might jeopardize both the European Re- covery program and the future of the western European alliance among Britain, Prance, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, Former J. P. Sought for to! Funds Misappropriation Long Prniric, Minn. A former Justice of the peace who is ______ charged with misappropriating of a cent pound tax on uncolored 300 in public fimcls as well as other oleo and the ten-cent a pound levy money entrusted to him was being sought today. Todd County Attorney Frank L, King snid a warrant has been issued, charging Andrew Shook, Jackson justice of the peace for several terms, with misappropriating some in Todd county money, an- other in Jackson city funds and about in gnme and fish into they and misrepresented States. Voice of say have the Senator Ferguson the Republicans' top investigator, will head one by the Seriate. Representative Chenowth (R.- Colo.) will direct one for the House, Indignation, anger and amaze- ment were mixed in the congres- sional reaction to disclosure that the broadcasts have told the world such things England was founded by hypocrisy and Texas by sin." The programs which stirred up Congress were prepared and broad- cast by the National Broadcasting Ccgnpany for Voice Of America. Senator Capehart (R.-Ind.) read some of the scripts to the Senate yesterday. Sample broadcast excerpt: Nevada's two main cities compete with each other because "people get married in Las Vegas and divorced n Sample reaction: From Senator Hatch (D.-N. and downright Ferguson (R.- A demand that Congress rescind the appropriation t voted for next year to finance the. world-wide radio programs intend- ed to portray the democratic way of Ife in this country. From Senator Capehart (R.- A promise to introduce a resolution calling for a top-to-bot- tom congressional inquiry into the State department's operation of the program. From the National Broadcasting Company, which handled the pro- grams under contract with the de- partment: The writer who turned out the scripts has been fired and ;he supervisor who reviewed them las been "relieved of his post." An NBC spokesman identified the writer of the script who was dis- charged as Rene Borgia. The sec- Jon head who was relieved of duty ar.d later resigned was Alberto Gan- dero, now believed engaged in radio work in Cuba, the spokesman said. He added that the backgrounds and definite whereabouts of the two were unknown at NBC. This, however, failed to dispel the storm. It broke in the Senate late yester- day when Capehart read excerpts from a series of programs broadcast late in 1947 and early this year to South and Central America. The In- diana senator said they purported to deal with life and history in the 48 states as seen through the eyes of two travelers. Egyptian Position Wiped Out, JcwsSay Favored Extension 'As Is' and battles now." more destructive than The Arabs were reported shelling Jewish positions in Jerusalem throughout Wednesday night. Indi- cations were that the Arabs planned to tighten the encirclement of the Jews in the modern city after wip- ing out the small Jewish garrison cornered in the walls of'the old city. Azzam Pasha, declaring that a third of Jewish forces Were in Jeru- salem, indicated Arab tactics would be to cut supply lines and shell strongpoints rather than engage to liouse-to-house fighting. Arab rejection of the United Na- tions cease-fire plea aroused grave concern among its delegates. The critical question: What will the next step be? One anonymous spokesman for a big power delegation, predicted the U.N. security council would take strong action. He said the organi- zation had gone too far in its effort to bring peace to the Holy Land to back down now. Strong action might include di- plomatic and economic sanctions and even the sending of an international force to Palestine. nists. "We have today in. our midst the largest fifth column of potential spies, saboteurs, demoralizers, trai- tors and wreckers ever seen in mod- ern Griffith said. As the three-day hearing opened, Chairman Wiley CR.-Wis.) ruled out 'any political Henry Wallace or anybody else. Wallace, third party presidential candidate, has asked to testify against the casure. Wallace has repeatedly blasted the House-passed measure. He is sched- uled to appear before the committee Saturday. He said in Coeur D'Alene, Idaho, last night: "I am going to those hearings to uphold the old-fashioned, funda- mental principle of free speech." Wider State Auto Safety Law May Be Sought St. move to broaden the scope of the automobile safety responsibility law will be launched at the Minnesota State Bar asso- ciation convention in Duluth June Six Considered as U. S. Enginers Head Washington The Army has submitted a list of about half a dozen officers to President Truman from which he will choose a new chief of Army Engineers. Lieutenant General Raymond Wheeler, chief engineer since 1945 and veteran of long service in the regular Army, retires next month. Blushing Groom, 37, Weds Woman, 90; Watch 1945, 134G and 1947, King said. Wants 'Money, Money, Money, Blond Husband-Seeker Says Hcmpstcftd, N. Y. An at- tractive hat check girl who an- nounced sne would marry the man who'd ante support her cash an and her two children ,3 had a sizable list of takers today. -H ,5i The 28-year-old .I1 Dorothy 14 quick tele- .1 phone replies yesterday after her department money. The money three fourths of the covered fines collected by Shook in up --J The 12 states, in order of .their farm income status are, Iowa, Cal- ifornia, Texas, Illinois. Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, In- diana, Ohio, Wisconsin and New York. All- but New York topped the billion dollar mark. Stassen, Humphrey Top U. Mock Vote E. Stas- sen polled more than half of the .1 .3 4.5 .2 7, Pool..... Dam 7, T.W...... Ln Crosse 1: Tributary Streams Chlppewa at Durand.. 2.6 ,3 Buffalo above 1.4 .1 Trempcalesui nt Dodge. .4 Black at Nelsvllle 2.8 Black at 2.7 .1 La Crosse nt W. Salem 1.0 Root at Houston G. -I- .1 niVKR FORECAST (From H.'iMtlnKS to GuttenbcrR) Normal pool elevations have been attained throughout most of this district oncl there will be very little further change until heavy or ef- fective occur. All tributaries nro down to base ground flow. offer appeared in the Hempstead Newsday, But she wouldn't say "yes1 Im- mediately to any of the applicants. She'll look each of them over be- tween hat checking duties at a Long Island night club, she said. The comely blonde opined, how- ever, she'd to make a decision within a week because "I enough money to last have Just me that long." "I want a cash settlement immediately, but the guy's got to have more jack than that, lot's more. I'm looking for just one tiling: Money, money, She conceded her price was "plen- ty high." Dorothy A. Lawler votes cast in a rr.ock presi- dential- election sponsored by s the Minnesota Dally, student newspaper, on the University of Minnesota campus. Other presidential possibilities fin- ished in this order: President Tru- man votes; Henry A. Wallace, third party candidate, 795, and So- cialist Norman Thomas, 348. For Minnesota Senator, the stu- Mayor Humphrey of Clarence McGee, 37, and his bride, Mrs. Eliza Murray, a widow who admits she must be more than 90, sit happily in an auto after their marriage in Brushton, N. Y., yesterday. The newlyweds planned to travel' to and from the wedding ceremony in McGee's buggy but were forced to substitute a neighbor's car when the buggy wheel broke, (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) "I couldn't kiss her with all o' dents gave Minneapolis Brushton, N. Y. A bride nearly a century old settled down today with the "young, strong man" she prefers to a pension. It was s gay wedding yesterday for tiny, crippled Mrs. Eliza Murray and 37-year-old Clarence McGee, even though her wedding ring cost only 50 cents. The lanky farm hand and his bride spent their wedding night at her modest home in this rural northern New York village near the Canadian border. The day was a special holiday ,for the 500 resi- by proclamation of the Ball (R-MinnJ and Rep- resentative Blatnik (D-Minn.) 596, In the governorship poll. Governor Youngdahl received votes; Thomas Gallagher, present supreme court Justice, State Auditor King 957, and Walter Johnson, New York Mills, a state third party leader, 674. mayor. McGee planned to fix a broken wheel on his buggy so that they could have a'honeymoon ride. Three thousand spectators crowd- ed in and around tha little Metho- these people lookin' he said, bashfully. State troopers kept order-outside after the ceremony, as the couple made their way through rice and confetti. Smothing down her blue and white cotton dress, the bride de- clared: "I'm so happy. I never thought we would have a wedding like this." McGee, who began courting her shortly after her first husband died last February had little to say. Mrs. McGee thinks she may lose her old age pension but would "rather have a young, strong man than a pension." She's going to "see to it" that he shaves every day. Jewish army said today it wiped out an Egyptian advance position northeast of Gaza, on the coastal plain At Jerusalem Arab legionnaires and Egyptians attacked in the new city. King Abdullah ot Trans-Jordan visited the old walled city and was hailed by Arabs as "King of Jerusalem." A Haganah unit struck at Beit Hanoun, tour miles northeast ot Gaza in Arab territory, killed 30 Egyptians and seized or destroyed three heavy guns of the Egyptian artillery, the Israeli communique said. It added a great number of light arms were captured. Associated Press Correspondent James M. Long reported from Tel Aviv that the Israelis, in "operation have swept exposed north- ern Galilee clear of Arabs, beating back Syrian and Lebanese invasion drives in counter-thrusts across the frontiers. The dispatch said the Jews now occupy western Galilee, which the United Nations partition plan mapped out as Arab territory. The war raged on inside the old and new cities of Jerusalem and elsewhere in the Holy Land, echoing the failure of the United Nations to bring about a truce. Referring to the Arab rejection of an unconditional truce, Abdel Rah- man Azzam Pasha, secretary general of the Arab league, told newsmen here that "to stop fighting now does not mean peace but Just a postpone- ment of the war for a short period, after which fighting will be terrible Legion Leader Sees Red Quislings in U. S. Washington An American Legion leader told senators today trained and seasoned Quis- lings of the communist front" now threaten the United States. Paul Griffith, past national Le- gion, commander, made the state- ment before the Senate judiciary committee. He asked speedy Sen- ate approval of the House-passed Mundt-Nlxon bill to curb commu- changes In the law 24 and 25. Five major enacted In 1945 will be sought of the 1949 legislature if the lawyers throughout Minnesota approve the recommendations of "the bar asso- ciation's motor vehicle Insurance committee. Basic feature of the present 3aw is to revoke licenses of drivers In- volved in automobile accidents if they do not comply with the re- quirements of the law in paying damages. The primary purpose is io induce auto owners to carry in- surance for protection of the public. In the forefront in putting the act on the statute books was the Minne- sota State Bar association, with the cooperation of various safety and civic organizations throughout Min- eight-member committee nesota. The headed by John A. Goldle of Min- neapolis has agreed to recommend that the state organization insist ;hat drivers of publicly-owned au- tomobiles, trucks and buses be In- cluded in the act. The other changes urged by the committee include: (l) Licenses of chauffeurs be in- corporated in the law, with the ad- ministration of such transferred from the licenses secretary state to the state highway commis- sioner. (2) Revocation of vehicle license "plates." as well as the driver's li- cense, of the owner involved in an accident w.hen such owner has failed to comply "with requirements of the law.. Sobriety Issue Divides Federation Meet Portland, Ore. A resolu- tion advocating sobriety has be- come a lively issue at the General Federation of Women's clubs con- vention here. Delegates to the world-wide as- sembly of club representatives will take up the subject again in which the exact wording of the state- ment on policy may be settled, when a Wyoming delegate yes- terday proposed a 'plan to encour- age sobriety, specifically among young people, another delegate pro- tested the youngsters were "no worse than their elders." Bullcti Democrats Plan Last-Ditch Stand for 3-Year Renewal Washington Senator Van- denberg <R.-Mich.) said today the reciprocal trade agreements act should be extended in virtually its jrcsent form. Vandenbcrg, chairman of the Sen- ate foreign relations committee, came out flatly against a provision of the House-approved bill giving Congress a veto over future tariff agreements. As for the length of the extension, Vandenberg said that "is of no great although he prefers two or three years. The measure Slammed through the House, 234 to by the Republican majority yes- crday calls for a one-year extension. The present act is due to expire June 12. President Truman and Secretary of State Marshall have urged a Jircc-ycar extension without change in the act. The House disregarded hose pleas in cutting the length of .Jme and providing that Congress can veto a trade agreement if it wants to. Democratic Flam Vandenberg spoke out to reporters as Democratic senators laid plans :or a last-ditch effort to carry out idminlstration desires. The Democrats plan to battle for JL full three-year extension of the act "as is." If they fail In that they hope to get through a bill wiping out the ..chcckreins put in by the House. Vandcnbcrg said he thinks the present trade agreements authority 'should be preserved unweakened." Bitter debate preceded the House roll call. But the outcome was nev- er in doubt. The a.OJP. leadership was in full control. Administration supporters were more hopeful in the Senate. Democratic Leader Barkley of Kentucky told a reporter: believe the Senate atmosphere is more friendly to tbe trade pro- gram." Both Barklcy and Senator George, top ranking Democrat on the financ- ing committee which will handle the btlJ, said they will battle to give the expiring trade act a three-year lease on life. But Qeorge conceded the outlook for that is dim. "I would be willing to go along: with a one-year we con eliminate the crippling he said. Taft View Senator Taft of Ohio, chairman of the Republican policy committee, made it plain that is about the most ;be administration can hope for. "I favor a one-year he said. As for the amendments to the act vrltten by the Republican members of the House ways and means com- mittee, Taft said he is uncertain about them. "I'll have to study iiem." he said. The ways and means group con- ducted its hearings on the bill behind closed doors. Both Barklcy and George said they will insist that the Inance committee hold public ses- sions. The 14-year-old law expires June 12. Only five tatives Hull Lemke (N. O'Konski Frederick C. Smith (Ohio) and Wolchcl the 142 Democrats and two Ameri- can Labor party members who voted against tile House bill. Sixteen Democrats crossed over to oin the 218 Republicans who voted lor passage. Marshall Censured Secretary of State Marshall's name entered the spirited debate in con- nection with, his contention earlier in the week that the bill is worse than none at all and would weaken this country's foreign economic pol- icy. Representative Hallcck of Indiana, the Republican floor leader, called Marshall's statement "reckless." Whereupon, Representative Gear- .irt author of the bill, interjected: "Isn't General Marshall the one who didn't know where he was the night before Pearl This was a reference to the question raised at the time of the congres- sional investigation into events lead- ing up to the December 7, 1341, sneak Japanese attack on Hawaii. 'And docs he know where he has been asked Chairman Knut- son (R.-Minn.) of the ways and means committee. ins Privately, Mrs, McGee admits she dist church in nearby Moira while must be more than 90, but for the McGee slipped the ten-cent-store marriage license record she made ring on his bride's finger. it 80. New York Harold E. Stassen said today that he ex- pected approximately 250 sec- ond-choice ballots at the Phll- adclpbia, convention to add to his predicted 340 first-choice votes for the Republican presi- dential nomination. Washington The Unit- ed States is making a second protest to the government of Lebanon over the seizure of 41 American citizens from the SS Marino Carp last week. New Delhi Nine men formally accused in special court today of assassinating Mohandas K. Gandhi last Janu- ary 30. They arc scheduled to go to trial June 11. ILS. Vetoes Russ Shipping Protest Washington The United States has flatly rejected Russian protests claiming American air- planes have interfered with Soviet shipping in the vicinity of Japan. The State department said today the U. S. reply to various Soviet notes of protest was delivered to the Russians by the American em- bassy In Moscow Tuesday, A statement releaced by the de- partment said the Soviets had ob- jected to more than 50 cases of Allied interference with their com- mercial shipping. The department said that neither in the Russian notes nor in direct invcstiRRtion by American authorities has there been, evidence of such interference.