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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 14, 1948, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER Kitd warmer ton IK lit, Ntinwprn Inlft Mittuntny wfternoou or IS HERE Dial SIX tor tho Best in Radio Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 48, NO. 75 W1NONA. MINNESOTA. FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 14, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Reds Seek Parley to Split World By Joseph AI.xop Why can't Truman and Stiillti clear up this mess by sitting down together and talking things over? Innumerable men and women all over tho United States and tho world havo been asking question for many months. And now the question has Rained greatly add- ed urgency from tho strange episode of tho exchange between Ambassa- dor W. Bedell Smith and Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov. One of the ruthcr mixed motives for AmbnsKfldor Smith's restatement of American policy to tho Kremlin waa, In fact, the rear that Moscow publicly propose another high- level conferences. Of such confer- forcnces, as Secretary Marshall said, have already had much "bitter experience." There have been plant cd stories, and there have been reel ors, like tho Soviet overture to Am bassador Robert Murphy In Bcr> lln, suggesting the possibility o such a Soviet move. Why was i feared? Why did the State depart' mont not welcome Molotov's expres- sion of willingness to begin Soviet American discussions? POLICY makers when they are asked these questions hnvo a way of replying with i question of their own: "But wha kind of a settlement do you Por this, there Is an obvious reason As tho leader of the major power o, the non-Soviet world, Freslden Truman could undoutodly "sit down Stalin" and reach agreement It has been obvious since- the cnc of tho war that the Kremlin would like nothing better than for Russia and tho United States to divide up tho world in tho manner of two small boys splitting a slightly rot- ten apple. Immediately after the war. this desire was very clearly dis- closed. In tho Kremlin's frantic propaganda effort to drive a wedge between this country find Britain. Unfortunately. In tho first place, tho Soviets clearly believe- that this kind of division of the world should bo on tho basis of tho TTnltod States taking tho Western hemisphere and porhtips tho Pacific islands, and leaving tho Eurasian continent tmd Militia Called in Meat Strike 'Israel' Born A s English Quit Mandate FT AT r. Ne U. N. Group More Potent Truman -Asks Not Proc U. N. Group More Potent Votes to Send Mumps Vaccine Mediator Its African dependencies to Russia. The Soviets would almost certainly not accept any division of the world on tho basis of the status quo, since this would Icnvo tho non-Soviet nee- tor potentlojly stronger than the Soviet sector. Equally, we could not accept tho division outlined above. SVrrOSE. HOWEVER, that cer- tain concessions were made, on the pattern suggested by Henry Wal- lace. Suppose, In fact, that the So- viets wero tossed Korea, thn Dar- danelles. Berlin and Vienna, In return for a promise to stop their pressure in Greece, Iran and else- where. Then the world would cer- tainly bo divided, at least temporar- ily. But tho trouble is that tho di- vision would not stick, Tho Soviet half of the world bo orRunixcct as im immense, monolithic empire. The non-Soviet half would remain a mere congeries of Independent nations, cooperating only half-heartedly and occiislomil- ly, Tho Soviet empire, immensely strengthened by the new conces- sions, would eventually begin again pressing outward nlons Its borders. Here Is the hcnrt of the trouble. A purely artificial division of any territory, Including the earth, Is al- ways possible between dictators. If strength is so equally bal- anced that each dictator always hesitates to attack the other, the settlement may prove enduring. But this sort of artificial territorial ple- sllclnp Is not In truth wickedly dangerous when one party to tho deal Is the ruthless dic- tator of a huge monolithic empire, nnd the other party Is the president ot n, democratic country filvlne: ivway territory that is not his. If President Truman is to divide the world with Stiilln. Truman must be- come another Stalin first. CONSEQUENTLY, the object Of American policy Is a natural rathei than (irMflclal division of the world. As the American policy mak- ers sco It, the present situation has been created by the weakness of the non-Soviet sphere, which con- stitutes 11 stamlinu Invitation to Kremlin Imperialism. But If the west can be restored to health and strength, further Imperial adven- tures will become too risky. The Krrmlln will begin to accept the status quo us natural and enduring, Just us the leaders of Isiam aban- doned world conquest for acceptance of thp status quo after their defeats ut Lepiuuo and under the walls o" Vienna. Not negotiation, but re- construction, Is the road to peace. Thus the method, timing and other features of Ambassador Smith's communication to Foreign Minister Molotov may be endlessly debated. But the whole exchange was vastly less Important than the practical measures looking townrd restoration of health nnd strength In the remaining nrea of freedom, One of these practical measures, Senator Arthur H. Vandenbei-R's wisely drafted and remarkably sig- nificant Senate resolution on the U, N'.. was almost overlooked in the ruckus about the Soviet-American 4 Jewish Colonies Wiped Out in 1st Real Arab Victory Tel Aviv, Palestine The state of Israel, first Hebrew nation _n years, was born today In a Jewish declaration of Independence asserting the "historic right" of the Jews of Palestine to reconstitute ;helr national home. The proclamation by the national council was effective at one minute after midnight (4 p. m. when the Britain's 31-year rule of tho Holy Land ended. The British high commissioner, Sir Alan Gor- don Cunningham, has left Palestine soil for a British cruiser, and the British mandate government has Seen Possible Minneapolis Concentra- tion of mumps virus described as opening up the possibility of pro- ducing a more potent vaccine than one recently announced in Austra- lia was reported today by an Illin- ois scientist. Dr. George F. Forster of the de- partment of health made the report to the Society of American Bacteri- ologists which closed its 48th meet- ing today. Mumps, one of the banes of child- also occurring among listed as a stickler in the medical roster, because there Is no known drug to combat it. The only treatment to date con- sists of Injecting blood serum taken from a person who has had the1 disease and recovered. Dr. Forster told the bacteriologist? left the holy elty of Jerusalem. that'he and-co-workers had grown While Jewish forces and soldiers of the surrounding Arab countries prepared for war, the Jews pro- claimed their "right to a life of dig- nity, freedom and labor." Tho dec- laration said this right was rec- by the United Nations. U.K. Mediator At Lake success, the political committee of the special Palestine the virus in hatching hen's and then had been able to concen- trate the virulent material ten-folc and remove much of its associated impurities in. the same procedure. assembly voted today to send a United Nations mediator to the Holy Land. The vote was 37 to 0 with 15 abstentions. The proposal for a peace mission- ary, sponsored by the United States and France, now goes to a plenary meeting of the 58 nations for final action. The Arab league, meanwhile, planned to set up an administra- tion not a state of their own n Palestine to function with oc- cupying Arab_fprces. 'alestlne fs'ffivaded. (In London the AraS office de- larcd the termination of the Brlt- sh mandate had created a dlsas- rous situation in the Holy Land, ut "will at least give the Arabs he opportunity which they have never had until now of resisting he invaders face to face n.nd vvlth- iut tho Intervention of a foreign lower which has hitherto given ,hem Its protection." Arab Victory As the Jewish state was born, the Arabs wrested their first real vlc- ory In Palestine. Arab, neutral and Jewish sources confirmed that Arab CKionnalros, supported by rlbesmen from the Hebron hills. wiped out four Jewish colonies in he Kfar Etzlon bloc south of Jeru- salem, athwart the Arab Invasion route from tho south. The informants said 200 Jews died n tho battle, which ended last night. In the uniform of a general of he British army, High Commlsslon- r Sir Alan Gordon Cunningham moved to the cruiser Euryalus, lying >ff Haifa, while bagpipes wailed the Knutson Bill Would End Curbs On Cotton Imports Washington The oleo-but. ter battle, still churning around In Congress, broke out In a new sec- tor today. Chairman Knutson (R.- Minn.) said the House ways and means committee will act next week on a bill to end limits on cotton mports. "Knutson Introduced the measure ate yesterday, saying It would mean 'cheaper shirts and cheaper 'bed Inen." But Dixie lawmakers immediately labeled the move "spite tactics" aimed at southerners who ]Rd the fight for House passage of a bill to repeal federal taxes on oleomar- garine. Cottonseed oil Is a major tern In the manufacture of oleo. The repeal measure still Is pend- ing In the Senate. During the House battle on the oleo repealer Knutson, who repre- sents a dairy district, told the south- ners: "If you are going to pull us down, by the eternal, we will pull you down with us." Truman Asks Long Range Farm Program Permanent Price Support System Need Set Forth Tru- man asked Congress today to pass long range farm legislation geared to the greatly increased productive capacity of American farms. Such a program, he said in a spe- cial message to the legislators, should have a price support system designed :o guide farm production to the tanners' market. He said the "fundamental nation- al policy" of farm legislation should aim for "organized, sustained, real- istic abundance." Mr. added: "A policy ol abundance includes some factors that lie outside the Held of agriculture. The mainte- nance of high levels of employment and the maintenance of export out- lets are prime essentials." The government now has a war- time farm program. The major price supporting phases of It will expire December 31 unless Congress acts at this session. Mr. Truman did not recommend, as Agriculture department officials lad expected, a boost ol n the soil conservation fund proposed by the Con- gress. In his January budget mes- sage, the President urged for soil subsidies to fanners. The President said farm legisla- tion should have these policies: .Sound, and lasting 'economic well being for the farm population with parity of prices and Income In relation to the rewards In other fields. An agriculture that will sup- ply ample products for domestic needs, for sufficient reserve stockSj. and for export under present and rising standards of Jiving. Use of farm resources In a manner that .will Insure their per- manent maximum productivity. Improved levels of nutrition In living for all the people. Ever-increasing efficiency In production and distribution. A better living for small farmers, tenant farmers, share- croppers and farm labor. This Is An Aerial View of the strikebound Cudahy packing plant at Newport, near South St. Paul, which was damaged last night by raiders. In the background Is the Mississippi river which separates Newport from South St. Paul. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) ____________________ iolcful Boy." Strains of "The Minstrel An honor guard of the king com- mny of guards and roynl marine ommandos snapped to attention. A 7-gun salute sounded. Royal Air 'orce Spitfires whirled overhead. B- ulletms notes. The really meaningful clauses arc Intended to build n firm founda- tion under the project of an At- lantic community growing out of Western Union, VanrJenbct'K's pro- posal of these clauses Is likely to be remembered much longer than the current ruckus. Bangkok, Sliim Police announced today 19 persons, in- cluding a retired police captain, arc under nrrest in the hijacking of a SS.'OOO.OOO Bold shipment. Police have recovered worth of the gold, stolen WcU- ncselay. Herbert W. F.irlslus, who once was accused by Representative O'Konski (R.- of soliciting subscriptions for an alleged communist maga- zine, resigned today from the Commerce department, Chicago Speculation arose today that a new federal proposal may have been advanc- ed to settle the tivo-month-old C.I.O. Packinghouse workers strike iis the union scheduled a mcctlnff of its executive board here tomorrow. House Groups' Clash May Stymie Action on Draft Washington A new tug- of war between the rules and armed services committees threatened to- day to stymie House action on most of state tonight and In east Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity: Pair and warmer tonight; lowest 52. Satur- day increasing cloudiness with show- ers Indicated in the late afternoon or at night; highest in the after- noon 75. Minnesota: Scattered 20 Perish, 35 Still Missing In 4-Continent Air Crashes By The Assoc elated Press Six.BlaiwmlshjiEE on lour continents Have claimed the lives of at least 20 and perhaps 55 persons kjriowh among the dead was Lady Hartlngton, the daughter of Joseph P. Kennedy of Boston former U. S. Ambassador to London. She died near southern France with three others, in- cluding Lord Fitzwilllam, the eighth earl of his line. The other two were crewmen. Only one known survivor came through the six mishaps. Thirty-five were missing. The other crashed planes were In the Belgian Congo, Saudi Arabia, Alaska, Massachusetts and Switzerland. A Sabena airliner which disap- lilac pearcd yesterday over the Belgian g IUlllCl.ll VsllCd Congo with 25 passengers and six crewmen was found wrecked In the African colony. .The plane was a DC-4 on the Belgian Congo-Bel- gium run. The airline's office In Brussels said nothing was known of casualties. A U. S. B-29 -Superfortress fell in Navy Asks O.K. to Speed Work on Missile Ships Secretary Sul- livan asked Congress today to let the Navy speed work on guided missile ships and a giant ton aircraft carrier. He testified before a House arm- ed services subcommittee in support of a bill which would allow the Navy to stop construction of 13 ships and divert approximately to vessels of newer types. The 13 Saudi Arabia, 120 miles northwest of Dhahran. The U. S. Air Force said in Wiesbaden, Germany, that nine bodies have been found. Four per- sons are missing and one survivor has been, found. The plane appar- ently crashed Tuesday on. a training run between Germany and the Asian airport. Two TJ. S. Air Force fighter planes described ror Alaska, yesterday. Both pilots were described plans for The pjanes were to a group of draft legislation. Even as the clash developed the House received President Truman's request for more for the expanding defense program. This brings total defense estimates to over 14 billions for the year starting July 1. Although Congress generally has been going along with Mr. Truman's requests for military funds, it has not approved his plans for in- creasing the manpower of the arm- ed forces by a temporary draft and universal military training. Both manpower plans are In- volved in the House committees' dispute. The armed services com- mittee has approved both a UMT and a draft bill, but both measures have been committee. blocked by the rules Duluth 59 Int. Falls...... 70 Kansas City 74 Los AngEles 81 Miami 82 Mpls.-St. Paul 70 New Orleans 8G yesterday to Representative York 58 A. Andrews CR.-N. armed serv- Seattle 57 ICES chairman. Representative Leo E. Allen (R.- 111.) chairman of the rules group, set off the new clash In a letter and south Saturday. Wisconsin: Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday with scattered show- ers northwest. Saturday. LOCAL WEATHEK Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: minimum, 40; noon, 71; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE. heavier punch In the Navy's air arm, Chairman Andrews (R.-N. of the full armed serv- ices committee announced there will be no hearings on a proposal to pep up armed forces recruiting with cash bonuses. Max. BCmidjl 74 Chicago 57 Denver 77 Des Moines 69 Allen asked for hearings on his draft bill which would offer bonuses to volunteers instead of reviving selective service. Presi- dent Truman has said Allen's plan is the most asinine proposition he has yet seen. Winnipeg 74 Phoenix....... 101 Washington 77 Mln. 43 44 51 38 44 59 56 74 44 47 45' 64 55 48 prcclp. hats. Men will kindly remove their .71 .24 1.02 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change Purge Reported in Russ Reich Rule Western Allied D. Sokolovsky, Russian com- orltles said today they have received Inlander in Germany. Red Wing 14 6.4 'Iiake City 9.3 Reads 12 5.8 Dam 4, T.W....... 6.5 Dam 5, T.W....... 4.8 Dam 5A, T.W...... 5.9 Winona 13 6.B Dam 6, Pool 7.8 Dam 6, T.W....... 5.5 Dakota 7.9 Dam 7, Pool...... 9.3 Dam 7, T.W........ 5.5 La Crosse 12 7.3 reports that the Soviet military ad- ministration in Germany is under- going a purge. Dozens of high offi- cers are being recalled to Russia, ,he reports said. Details on the extent of the al- eged rcshuflle or the reasons for. it vary. The American-licensed Dena News npency estimated that 85 per Soviet 'officers would be replaced in Germany. The purge reportedly is being con- ducted by a political general named Scharnov, who recently was appoint- ed political advisor to Marshal Vas-l Scharnov's appointment to replace an advisor named Mallnin was the second change In high Soviet ranks noted here in recent weeks. The oth- er was the replacement of Lieuten- ant General G. S. Lukjantschenko, chief of staff to Sokolovsky, by 8 Major General Barinov. There has been no official Russian comment on these changes. Rumors have persisted that Sokol- ovsky himself Is in trouble with the Kremlin. He has been summoned twice to Moscow recently for con- sultations. Tributary Streams Chippewa at Durand. Zumbro at Theilman. Buffalo above Alma... Trempealeau at Dodge Black at Nelllsville... Black at Galesville... 2.7 2.0 1.9 .9 3.3 3.3 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 .2 ".2 2 .2 .4 .6 .1 .1 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.9 .1 Root at Houston ......6.3 3 RIVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttenbcrg) A slow fall will continue at most; Yes sir, this past week has been national Y.W.C.A. week and it was celebrated throughout the country. The "Y" girls have been having a time and they re- enjoyed them- selves. The house- mothers even let them stay out un- til I'm very much interested in this. I used to go with a girl who lived at the "Y" but we stopped seeing each other, porch was The Bob Hope crowded every- tlrne I said good night I ended up kissing the doorman. When I first got to Hollywood I made a mistake and tried to get a room at the Y.W.C.A. The worst part of It was they accepted me, Of course, no men are allowed above the first floor In the In fact, only one man has ever brok- four maneuvering. Both went into almost vertical dives and were blast- ed in a rending explosion about feet up. Three crewmen of an Army C-54 transport plane were killed yester- day in a crash at Northampton, Mass. The plane burst into flames during a rainstorm, dug a hole eight feet into a soggy field and splattered wreckage over five acres. Two Swiss fliers were killed prac- ticing emergency landings at Locar- no, Switzerland- One was Major Piste Hitz, who helped rescue 12 Americans stranded feet up on Aguli glacier in 1946. Louisiana Senator Overton Dead John H. Overton of Louisiana, 72, died early today at Bethesda Naval hospital. He underwent a serious abdominal operation May 5, Once a center of political contro- versy in his state, Overton had been a member of Congress since 1931. He was elected to the House of Rep- resentatives that year to finish an The following year he was elected to the Senate with the support of his close friend, the late Huey P. Long, after a rough political fight against the incumbent, Senator Edwin S. Broussard. He ran for his final term. In 1944 at the urging of 46 senators who asked him in a letter to reconsider He was a professional second man. On second thought, I do know of one guy who has actually seen the inside of a Y.W.C.A. He's spending the rest of his life on lecture tours. But this week there were dances going on so they-did allow the fel- lows Inside. Of course, they had to be sure to keep dancing. I've been kidding, but seriously I want to congratulate the "Y" on this occasion an give humble ap- plause for its good work. You can't help but admire an organization aSKCU mill ill V, his decision to retire because of ill A SiOW I ill I Will UUIiLliiUC jilVJlJ WUu w tailwater gauges and upper pool I which has made so many women areas with no important when you consider how directly above the various dams. it is to please one. Overton was ranking Democratic member of the Senate public works committee and one ot the Senate's leading champions of river and nav- igation projects, especially in the Mississippi river valley. Austin Man Dies As Auto Overturns Faribault, A. Haffner, 24, of Austin, Minn., was killed early today when his auto- mobile overturned on. highway 65 north of Faribault. Need for Trade Program Renewal Tru- man declared today renewal of the reciprocal trade program "without crippling amendments" is necessary lor America to maintain Its world economic leadership. The President said this country cannot "start again down, the road toward the mirage of economic iso- lationism." His statement was released Just as the House ways and means com- mittee, on a 15 to 9 party line vote, approved the Republican-backed bill to extend the reciprocal trade act only for one year. It also car- ries an amendment giving Congress veto power over trade pacts if the President exceeds certain tariff lim- its set by the federal tariff com- mission. Democrats contended the legisla- tion would "sabotage" 'the reciprocal trade program. Mob Raids Newport Civil Rights Clash Put Off Washington A time-con- suming battle over civil rights a- verted by a hair-line decision. Sen- ate Republican leaders gathered today to map strategy for new fights ahead. The race Issue showdown was put off until later in the session by a 38 to 37 vote decided in tile final moments of a seesaw roll call. The vote sent back to committee a bill to give congressional approval to an educational compact drafted by 15 southern states. Pending before the Senate today was a battle to cut at least out of a Army civil functions bill. An unsettled dispute among Sen- ate Republican leaders caused a de- lay today in deciding party policy on the controversial plan to com- bine peacetime draft with mili- tary training. Chairman Taft told reporters the Senate G.O.P. policy committee discussed the plan at length at a closed session but fail- ed to reach any conclusions. Badger Prep Music Meet Set for May 22 Madison, Wis. More than high school instrumentalists, vocal soloists, baton twirJers and en- semble groups will compete for state championship honors at the Univer- sity of Wisconsin May 22. Sponsored by the University music school and the Wisconsin School Music association, the tournament jrlngs together winners of district festivals. Not Proclaiming Martial Law, Youngdahl Avers St. Paul, Minne- sota National Guard was called out today for duty at strikebound pack- Ing plants in Newport and South St. Paul, scenes of strike violence. Governor Luther Youngdahl di- rected the adjutant general to call the troops after a mob raided the Cudahy plant In Newport last night, damaging the interior and carrying away 30 plant workers as hostages. Yesterday, South St. Paul police were repulsed by pickets when they attempted 10 enforce a court order prohibiting mass picketing. Adjutant General Ellard Walsh said a "substantial task force" of the Guard would get the strike as- signment. He indicated motorized and mechanized units would be dis- patched to the two towns. In Bralnerd, units of the 194th tank battalion of the Guard were mobilizing. The units are from Prairie, Altkin, Milaca and Prlncc- A small medical detachment from Crosby was Included. When the battalion would move for the strike area was not immediately deter- mined. No Martial Law The governor said he was not pro- claiming martial law but was calling out the guardsmen, to aid civil auth- orities. He has asked representatives of the union and management to dis- cuss with him the merits ol the strike situation. The call came about 12 hours after the mob Invaded the Cudahy plant. R. J. Swenson, general manager of the plant, gave this account ol the incident: 'About p. m. (CST) an esti- mated 200 cl them Cu- dahy workers on the plant. "First the main power switch was pulled, plunging the plant into dark- ness. Then a room where some of our men were sleeping was entered. :ots on which they rested were broken up and some windows smashed. 'Locks on some of the stock pens were broken and 110 .hogs, valued at about were set free. New Car Tipped 'A new car belonging to one of the plant engineers was tipped over and the windows of one side and the windshield were broken. "The plant boilers were turned off jut apparently there was no serious damage done to them. Then about 30 of the 50 to 60 men who were on duty In the plant were herded' into cars and taken away. At 6 a. m., Swenson said all but 11 12 of the missing men had been accounted for.) "These men were apparently taken lUt 'into the hills.' A number of men were hurt In the plant. Two of hem are hospitalized and Several lave been treated for cuts and miiscs, "The entry Into the plant appeared well, planned. We found a round, icavy club that one of the men who ,ame into the plant probably used." Survey Damage Swenson entered the plant early his morning with Sheriff Reuben Grnnquist. The manager said a sur- vey was being made of. the plant to determine the total damage. He add- ed that none of the damage seemed to be of a nature that would serious- ly impair operations. Six carloads of office workers, pre- viously admitted daily, were turned back at the main Cudahy gate this morning when they attempted to re- port for work. A force of 30 pickets was on duty at this point, Newport is a community of about flOO, five miles south of St. P.tul on the east bank of the Mississippi river. At South St. Paul, where disorder broke out yesterday at the Swift Company plant entrance, officials reported the situation tense but temporarily quiet. Two In Hospital Two members of the Cudahy 'maintenance crew were in. Ancker hospital in St. Paul today. Both Vcrnon Spaulding, 44, and Earl Helm-, 32, were hired yesterday for maintenance work. They are from Webster, Wis. They told a newspaper reporter they were asleep on cols in the rear of the main Cudahy building when the mob surged in. "I kind of knew what it Heier said. "I tried to dress hur- riedly but only had my shirt and pants on 'when the mob came in. There were so many I couldn't estimate the number. They were all around us and most of them carry- ing clubs. The only way we could escape was to run the gauntlet of the mob, all of them were swinging clubs at our heads." Spaulding said both he and Heicr were knocked clown several times. He said they ran down a road while they were groggy from the beating. They sat down to rest after walking miles, he said. Then a car drove up and one of the occupants yelled: "Arc you ready to quit He said both replied "We certainly are." They were placed in the car and driven to a hotel. When the night manager saw their condition he called police and they were driven. to the hospital.
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