Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Fair Hnd quite cold nirnln tonlctiti llicht front; iittie warmer Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of IS HERE Dial 97.5 for the Best In Radio .VOLUME 48. NO. 70 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 8, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Communists Change Line In Trieste By Stewart Alsop Trieste has happen- ed hero in the Inst few dnys which may have n significance extending well beyond tho constricted borders of tho miscalled "Free Territory of Trieste." The event was a sudden jthirt of tho Communist party line. It deserves tho closest study, for tho shifts of tho party lino nre the best clues to tho strategy of the Kremlin. Until last week, the Trieste com- munist press, subsidized In part by Yugoslavia's Marshal Tito, was talking very tough indeed. To the usual shrill abuse of "Anglo-Ameri- can policy and military brutality" added a barely concealed threat. Tho communist papers shrieked that "tho workers" would "never permit" tho Anglo-American outrages. More specifically, there were repeated ap- peals for moss demonstrations Ir tho Piazza Unlta, in the center of tho city. Tho Allied military gov- ernment had ruled that for n period Including May clay, communist demonstrations must bo confined to another section of the city. Thus tho authority of the military gov- ernment wtis directly challenged. But if tho public communist line was tough, tho private line the lino taken behind closed even tougher. There Is no doubt that plans were laid, and orders Is- sued, for a showdown with the Anglo-American authority. It Is kpown that one of the Trieste Com munlst party's satraps sent th word down tho lino that May was to mark tho beginning of a vlo .lent campiilgn to undermine tha authority. Rail Factions Still at Loggerheads Soviet Offers to Korea Republican-Herald photo One Wlnona Mother who will receive a lot of gifts on Mother's day tomorrow is Mrs. Mary Tucker, 86, 608 Lake boulevard, above. Mrs. Tucker has three children, four grandchildren and 12 great-grand- children. She has spent 82 years in Wlnona. Daughters in Wlnona are Mrs. George (Mae) Holz, 459 Sioux street, and Mrs. James (Helen) Jordan, 813 West Broadway. Her son Is Claude Tucker, Seattle, Wash. Mrs. Holz has three daughters and nine grandchildren. Mrs. Jordan has one son and three grandchildren. Mrs. Tucker's husband died In January. She married Arthur Tucker in 1882 in Wlnona. Her hobbles are crocheting and sewing. IN THE LOWER ECHELONS, In tho communist cells, "agitprops' and activists explained the neces- sity for violence. Tho Italian elec- tions, they argued, hod finally shown that tho party could never come to power except by force. The cases of Hungary and Czechoslo- vakia wero used to underline this conclusion, In those countries, It wits pointed out, tho "workers" had sclsiecl power from the "reaction- and tho Communist party Wis thereafter certain of a major- ley In any election. Thus, hence forth, tho Trieste communists mast bo ready to tnko up arms, and to "break reactionary Moreover, preparations for trans- forming toiiRh tulk Into tough ac- tion were undertaken. In Trieste's communist section (known, as In ovory city In Europe, as "Little sleeping quarters were assigned for contingents of Slav thugs. These were to bo Infiltrated from tho Yugoslav zone, to reln- forco the native Trlesto communists In tho "direct action" which had Dr. Condon Asks Truman Release Loyalty Report Edward U. Condon has appealed to President Truman to make public a Federal been planned. There Is little won- Bureau of Investigation letter re- Recalling Heartaches of Last War, Want Peace "Dear Mom" Three years ago this phrase written atop letters scrawled from barracks, fox holes, hospitals and lonely darkened ships was-the affirmation of ever-lasting love of son to mother. It was also the cry of loneliness. It was usually the "I'll be home for Then Mother's day came close to VE-day and remained Jor- cvcr in the hearts of men a symbol with double significance. Tomorrow Is Mother's day. The same phrase Is appearing on the tops of letters home. "Dear Mom." In Wlnona It is written by stu- dents, salesmen, men who have joined the ranks of a new army and all those who are planning to remember their mothers by a visit home or a suitable gift. Friday night, Winona stores were crowded with shoppers eagerly seek- ing Mother's day gifts. Sons and daughters bought everything from plants and flowers to more elaborate tier that only last week real trouble In Trieste sccmccl nioro than pos- Yet on April 20, observers noted with Interest, tho communist press miclclenly began to sing small. The abuse of thu "Anglo-American im- perialists" iiutorrmtlcnlly persisted. But the threats of open defiance or thn authority of tho Allied military government wero suddenly Absent. ON MAY 1 TIIKKK was the Usual demonstration, complete with .speeches, banners, scantily clad anti- fascist females, and even more scant- ily clad communist athletes. But the demonstration wus. carefully confined to the urea assigned to the communists. Nothing moro lethal than a bottle of red Ink was thrown. As such things go, thu show was a dismal and spottlly attended. Moreover, In the days which hove since passed, clays which wero to mark the beginning of the nil-out campaign against the Anglo-Amcrl- cnn government, u total If fnlntly nervous quirt hn.s rclgncd In Trieste. Obviously, the communist campaign of violence has cither been aban- doned or Indefinitely postponed. Tito may have wished to feel out porting on Condon's loyalty. The Commerce department re- leased today an exchange of letters between Condon and Secretary of Commerce Charles Sawyer, In thu Anglo-American occupation au- thorities In Trieste, hoping that would show weakness, and give him n ctinnco for another grab at Trieste. hold among experts that the Krcm- lln'.t major satraps like Tito nre given a certain limited freedom of action, with the strict proviso that (hey do not Involve themselves In nrrlous trouble. The reversal of the Trlpstr communist policy would then be cxpliilnocl on the. basis that Tito wis frightened off by the obvious flrrnnrss. of the able American Gen- eral JJryniit Moore and British Gen- eral Terence Alrty. IT IS ALSO POSSIBLE, however perhaps even probable that what has happened In Trieste reflects major shli't In the communist line in all of western Europe. Weight given to this Interpretation by tho (act that a similar sequence of events has taken place In Italy: Toush talk, preparation for tough notion, uncl then, after repeated visits by communist lender Palmlro which Sawyer to make his views known toj Mr. Truman. Condon told Sawyer that "I am desirous that there be a full and complete presentation of all the facts." Condon. 46. is director of the Na- tional Bureau of Standards. A house un-Amcrlcan activities subcommit- tee has accused him of being "one of the weakest Mnks" in the na- tion's atomic1 security. It also said Condon has associated "knowingly or unknowingly" with alleged Soviet espionage agents. gifts of Jewelry and dresses. Merchants reported the highest sales of any one shopping period in ;he spring season and most of it was predicated on Mother's day. Today the Western Union offices and flower shops are busy respond- ng to the requests of those who will i 'Vrr v not be home for Mother's day as the atomic scientist QS song and daughters ywho Whey Used to Put Out Fire Two Klvcrs, Wls. This Is America's dalryland, and when fire srcaks out on one of Its showploce farms., do you think they use wa- ter to put It out? You're wrong, brother, the latest thing Is whey. Last night a machine and repair shed caught fire on the Walter Stocr dairy farm and pasteurizing tor for fire control is scarce in this area, so when the Mlshlcott fire department responded to the call It brought along three pouncl tank trucks of whey from have the joy and pleasure of uniting with their mothers. Mixed with the deep red of the symbolic carnation are also the white flowers indicating that "Mom1 died and Is being remembered. A leading minister remarked this morning, "A mother never dies, the essence of the mother spirit is al- ways strong within man no matter where he is, no matter what he is Winona churches of all creeds Dewey Rebuffs Stassen Oregon Debate Offer Medford, Ore. Governor Thomas E. turned his Dewey of New York Pre-Election Red Terrorism Hits American Zone Russia moved today to force the American hand In Korea as pre-election Red terrorism hit Seoul, national capital and headquarters of the American zone, for the first time. Lieutenant General OK P. Korot- kov, Soviet commander of North Korea announced "Arrangements have been" made for the immediate withdrawal of his troops to make American troops- withdraw from Korea simultaneously." His announcement did not name any specific date for the withdrawal and was so worded as to leave some doubt that the Russians even In- tended to Bet out at all. Similar proposals previously have been re- jected by the United States. Korotkov, former Russian com- mander on the Estonian front, made his announcement In a letter to Kim Doo-Bong, chairman of the recent north-south unity conference In Pyongyang-. The letter was broad- cast on the Pyongyang radio. The conference, dominated by Korean communists, urged both Russian and American, troops to leave the country, Communist Inspired terrorism has Deen going on In southeast Korea and Onchoju Island since February n an effort to hinder election plans In the American zone and to pre- vent Its being held in an atmosphere of freedom. The election will be held Monday n South Korea. Vanquished Note VE-Day Triennial; Victors Forget By The Associated Press The European phase of World War H ended officially just three years ago. Today's anniversary apparently drew more notice In the defeated na- ilons than among the victorious ones. No public celebrations were ported in the United States. re- No statements were forthcoming on the eve of the anniversary. But In Germany and Austria, >Ieas were heard for a Joint effort o make the peace last. German mayors appealed to their people last night to love their neighbors. In a pamphlet Issued by the Ger- man Towns association In Frank- furt, they asked Germans to help "all those who have been persecuted In the name of our people for politi- cal or racial reasons." The official end of the war In Eu- rope came when German military leaders signed an act of surrender In Berlin on May 8, 1945, called "V-E (Victory-in-Europe) day." They had signed a statement of surrender the day be- fore In Reims, Prance. Jerusalem Rifles Silent Under Truce cease-fire, agreed to by both Arabs and Jews to allow negotiations for a permanent truce in. the Holy City, went Into effect today, was heard. In the flrst hour not a shot The Jewish agency said it learned talks for the permanent Even today new acts of violence cropped out in south Korea. One election official was shot to death in Seoul and a building housing three newspapers was burned in the flrst such acts of terrorism hi the capital. debate Issues from the same ilatform in Oregon. The challenge came on a radio jrogram last night in which Stas- to sen said he was willing to fly Oregon for the debate. Dewey .himself had no comment, but his aides made it clear a de- bate was not in prospect. They said here was not even a plan for Dewey 0 meet his rival for Oregon's Re- lublican votes. Stassen, the only other G. O. P. ntry for Oregon's 12 presidential .elegates In the May 21 primary, ot a similar rebuff when he iroposed a debate earlier. )iking Crews Fight N. D. Floods By The Associated Press Farmers and townspeople were ut by the hundreds today as the attle against the stubborn Shey-j jme river moved to a climax along he river's flood-choked channel 1 southeastern North Dakota. In the Kindred area, where diking have waged an around-the- ock fight against the stream for n days, the river rose another alf-lnch through the night. The flood crest has been expected there since yesterday morning. Five-Inch Snow Hits Upstate N.Y. Buffalo, N. five-Inch snowfall in southern Erie county brought out snowplows today. The county highway department said that never before in Its history did It have to use plows so late in the spring. found It absolutely neces- sary to operate the plows to keep the roads open to said Highway Superintendent Arthur J.! Yaw. Buffalo had a trace of snow. 'erusalem truce will begin tomorrow, xccess from Jewish Tel Aviv to the Wall In Jerusalem and de- jortatioh of foreign Arab fighters rom the Holy City. The cease-fire order came about In his way: General Sir Alan G. Cunningham. Palestine high commissioner, met In The Jewish terms are: Ftee Jericho yesterday and negotiated an agreement with Arab leaders. Last night the Arab leaders ordered their guns stilled at 4 a. m. today. A communique issued today by Volunteers, Southern Front Palestine" said Egyptian vo- lunteers have penetrated about 30 miles Into the Holy Land. "Some forces rushed to the north- ern part of the front to help the Arabs repulsing a Jewish attack on Igaq, Suweldan, some 60 kilometers north of .the Egyptian' border town of Rafa. This help was successful." In Washington the State depart- ment asked the Navy today to set up communication Jerusalem. facilities in The Navy Issued the. following statement: "At the request of the State de- partment, the Navy department Is assigning one officer and eleven men to establish' communication facilities at the United States con- sulate in Jerusalem. 'Polities' Cry Enlivens Clash Over Lilienthal Washington A new cry of "politics" threw fresh fuel today Into the heated Senate controversy over Director David E. LUlenthal and his colleagues on the Atomic Energy commission. Senator McMahon author of the law which created the commission, said "political mo- tives" prompted a Senate move to renew the commissioners' terms for only 23 months instead of the one to five years laid down by the Atomic Energy act. President Truman has renomlnat- ed Lilienthal for a five-year period end other commission members for staggered terms. But a Republican. White House Parleys Continue No Basis to Bring Sides Together Found by Steelman opera- tor representatives and union lend- ers met at the White House lor aft- ernoon conferences today In a drive to avert the railroad strike set for Tuesday. A White House official explained, that John R. Steelman, presidential assistant, so far has "found no basis on which to bring them (the man- agement and unions) together." Steelman spent more than two hours during the. morning with four spokesmen for railroad operators. There was no announcement as to progress If any In these talks. Steelman then invited leaders or the three rail unions Involved in the dispute and the operators' spokes- men to come In this afternoon at 15- mlnute Intervals. Appear Cheerful The rail officials upon leaving the morning talks with Steelman ap- cheerful. They referred any questions as to progress to the White House. The strike of engineers, flremon, and cnglncmcn, and switchmen Is set for Tuesday morning. If It takes jlacc as scheduled, the nation's trains will stop running. The union leaders summoned to the afternoon talks are Alvanley Johnston of the engineers, D. B. Rob- ertson of the firemen and engine- men, and A. J. Glover, Jr., of the switchmen. The talks tills morning, the White House said, covered "the whole situ- ation and especially the recommen- dations of the presidential fact-find- ing board" which investigated the dispute. No Loophole The discussion disclosed no loop- hole for agreement, the White House said. "The President remains alwayi Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and fair and quite cold again tonight. Light frost in the city, light to mod- erate In the country. Sunday in- creasing cloudiness and a little warmer with rain showers develop- ing late 'afternoon or at night. Low 30, high 68. Minnesota: Fair north and cloudy south portion tonight and Sunday with occasional rain extreme south Kindred was a community with-1 portion. Not quite so cool south out men last night. Virtually the entire male population turned out as the river threatened major break- throughs in several diked areas. Their efforts were largely success- ful last night, although one large dike gave way two miles east of the town flooding hundreds of acres of farmland. portion portion and denominations have arranged Roads In the area were being cut suitable services of sermon, prayer thls morning In an effort to turn waters away from the farm- and music around the event of Mother's day. Hundreds of persons will pay visits io the cemeteries throughout the Wlnona area to place wreaths and bouquets of flowers on their moth- ers' graves. But unlike the Mother's day of rec years ago, observers say, there I is a surge of joyousness and hope and peace permeating the event and very few letters will be written say- tonight, tonight. Frost northeast Wisconsin: Increasing cloudiness and warmer tonight. Sunday gen- erally fair north and cloudy with occasional rain south portion. Con-' tinued cool. Frost north and east portions tonight. No Curtsies As 30 Americans Meet Royalty London Thirty Americans will be presented at court next Thursday. They will meet the king and queen at a party In Bucking- ham palace. The Americans will be presented at the second of .two palace recep- tions launching the new social sea- son. Representatives of several other nations also will be repre- sented In the alphabetical order of their countries. The king and queen have decided to relax some of the traditional rules of court etiquette. There will be no formal presentation line, no required bowing and curtsying. Dress will be less formal. extend present terms -only to June 30. 1950. McMahon served notice at a news conference yesterday he will fight any such change. He said the bill's supporters are pulling the atomic energy program into politics and he called their proposal "a horrible mistake." First' opposition to the full terms last week from Senator Taft of Ohio, one of the leading G.O.P. presidential hopefuls. He said there blli hopeful .that a settlement can be might be year who a new should president next be allowed to choose his own atomic commission lands and back into the channel. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 62; minimum, 33; noon, 153; precipitation, none; sun sets to- i night at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Free. I've just read where individual birthday cakes a new high in recruiting inducements have been ing, "We are moving on to an un- ordered for all enlisted men at known point. I do not know whether several of the country's air bases. I will get a chance to write And that's not all If you Join or "I'll be home for Mothers say lets keep it that way. Sparta Armory Unsafe; ____......_______ ___ ___ Immediate Razing Urged the Western 'Condcnsery Sparta, Oen- of Mlshlcott. eral John F. Mullen said yesterday The trucks were lined up along highway 147, pumps were attached and soon the firemen were spraying whey onto tho burning building he would recommend the immediate razing of Sparta's armory. He in- spected the facilities and estimated would be needed to make the Bemidji ............54 Chicago 47 Denver ............82 DCS Molnes 68 Duluth 44 International Falls.. 46 Kansas City 72 Miami ............87 Mpls.-St. Paul 58 hear a second lieu- New tenant will helpiNew York 51 you blow out the Seattle 58 candles. If these induce- ments keep up, the army probably will soon be eliminat- ing the bugle for reveille. Instead, Phoenix............ 97 Washington Cl Winnipeg 50 33 34 48 27 27 56 70 34 54 47 46 G2 46 29 .01 .63 .10 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change Red Wing 14 to the Soviet embassy, nothlntr. The suspicion nuturally arises that the realists In the Krcm. Un havu come to the conclusion that direct action by tho Soviet union or by the Indigenous commu- nist parties, to achieve Soviet dom- ination of Europe Is now certain to fall. ir this Is correct If the commu- nist party line has been genuinely wo nre entering a period Khurply different In political nt- mosphcro from tho recent past. Wage Bo ccn pressing for action on it. The Mlnnesotan said southern to- jacco growers persuaded Congress to ban the seed and plant exports in 940 "so they could stop foreign countries Irom growing tobacco."