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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 3, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Cloudy wurmof tnnlxht, Inonl Tuemltiy ottrrully fulr, cooler. IS HERE Opening- program p. m. Thursday Full Leased Wire Newi Report of The Associated PreM Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48. NO. 65 WINONA. MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING." MAY 3, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Real Test Comes in Italy Now Dy Joseph AI.ioji Ttomc Will tho European re- covory program tnnko possible n roul recovery In Italy, or can n free Italy survive only ns a permanent pensioner of tho United States? AS tho polltloiit placards nro torn down, ns tho excitements oJ tho election fade Into memory, Umt rcmnlns tho grout conundrum, not only for Italy but for every nation of non-Soviet Europe. Moreover, with tho communists Increasingly Isolated, with n. stable government lit ln.it In prospect, tho European recovery program should hnvo n fair tost hero. Especially among Italian con- iiorvutlvos nnd nntlonnllsts, there nro those who predict flatly (and with tin odd lugubrious pleasure) thnt tho tost Is bound to fall. These Kloomy phophots aro by no rr.onns fools, and their reasoning Is worth n honrlng. Its key Is n word which tho reporter In Italy nlwnys sooner or Inter hears In every conversation with an Italian, whether Premier Alclclo do Ouspcrl or a chnnco ac- quaintance In n lobby, Tho word Is "emigration." For ns one observer rnthor brutally put It, "tho Italians must export to II vo, find most of whut they must export Is Italians." THE FACTS AUE SIMPLE. There Is a not yearly population Increase of between and on this crowded peninsula. Except by emigration Cor by those traditional methods, famine and war) there Is no way In which this constant Increase can bo controlled first bccnuso this Is n. Catholic country, nntl second because tho Italian peasant or worker has nl ways regarded n largo family ns a form of old-ngo Insurance. premier do Onsporl hopes to find living space abroad for Ital- ians every year, Yet even ir this 2-Year Draft O. by House Unit Russ Weekend Plane Display Seen Hint to Air Strength big, four- cnglnod planes that Russia put on cllsplny over tho weekend may pro- vide a now insight Into her airborne army equipment. Military experts here await the arrival of more detailed reports from United States diplomatic observers nt tho Mny day parade before ana- lyzing what tho Red air force put out for show. It Is likely that at least some of tho big planes were the Soviet TU-70, an aircraft bearing close resem- blance to tho American B-29, Tho assumption has been that the Russians copied many of the feat- ures of five B-20's known to hove been forced down In Soviet-con- trolled areas during the war. Photographs tho TU-70 Indi- cate It may be a hybrid transport- British Rush Troops Back Into Palestine 48-Hour Truce In Jerusalem Quarter Being Respected Insisted to- ._. ________day, in the face of denials, tha presumed, however, that this could (.Syrian and Lebanese armies havi bomber. Although its elongated fuselage appears to be a convention- al transport design, the plane car- ries tho plexiglass nose used by bombardiers for sighting. Tho installation of bomb bay doors (if they are not indeed built Into the transport version) and of bomb bays would be an easy matter of conversion. Requiring more time would be the addition of defensive guns to the transport. The TtJ-70 Is reported to have a passenger capacity of 72, It is to be bo increased substantially If the plane were used strictly as a troop carrier. Russia Is known to be giving con- siderable attention to airborne ar- mies. Estimates of tho size of her airborne force range up to Stassen, Taft Make Last-Hour Appeals Robert A Taft and Harold E. Stassen wind u] their Ohio delegate battle today amli signs that the outcome may swa; onrly O.OP. presidential balloting a Philadelphia. Both candidates planned last-hour appeals over statc-wldo radio hook- Is fulfilled, tho pessimists out. tho Italian population hope point will .itlll shoot up by n million peo- ple every four years. And how can this poor country, they ask. a coun- try almost without natural re- sources, hope to feed and clothe und shelter thcso people? Tho central and nnstcrn Euro- pean markets for lialy's delicious fruits nncl vwtnblex aro largely cut off. The world's rich, squeezed by taxation even In tho rich Unit- ed States, no longer buy Italy's fine silk and Carrara marble and spoclfilly-bullt luxury earn, With- out native raw materials, Italy can- not hope to compote In world markets In heavy Industry. And above all, everywhere In tho world tho doors aro closed or closing on Italy's teeming population excess. Italy could survive In the old world of open borders and open markets, but not today. Thus tho European recovery program Is no more than n means of postponing, for four dhort years, tho inevitable catastro- phe, THUS AKGUE THK pessimists, In this Immoderately cheerful coun- try, there Is u certain prim loplc In Ball Against Proposed World Wheat Agreement Woshlnirion Senator Ball (R-Mlnn) announced today his op- position to the United States' tak- ing any part In tho proposed Inter- national wheat agreement. Tho agreement the Senate for has been sent to ratification as treaty. It was drawn up last month by 30 countries which account for tho bulk of normal world trade In wheat. Ball, in a letter to a constituent declared: "Frankly, I haven't had time t X> cents an hour. 3 Die in Badger Weekend Mishaps By The Associated Press Three persons. Including a young motorcyclist who was thrown from his machine, were kilted in acci- dents in Wisconsin during the week- end. Prank TagJInpletrn, 22, of route one. EUen. was injured fatally Sat- urday when his motorcycle went nto a ditch on highway 55 two miles south of Fond Du Lac. John Monks, 64, of Madison, was killed yesterday when his car and another collided on highway 19 a half mile south or Sun Prairie. Mr. and Mrs. Percy Anderson, Milwau- kee, occupants of the second car, were Injured. Mrs. Adeline Inkmann, 53, Mil- waukee, wife of the auditor of the Milwaukee Catholic archdiocese, wns killed instantly in a three-car crash In Milwaukee. Robert Kuehn, 22, and Robert Bonier, 26, were in- jured. Edward Pelz. 65, route three, in the Senate this week will tip off the probable fate of the bill to wipe out federal taxes on oleo- margarine, Senators will be asked to decide whether the House-approved repeal measure should go to the agricul- ture or the tax-writing finance committee. Those favoring repeal of the 62- year-old oleo taxes want the mea- sure to go to the finance committee, where they think they have more friends and can get quicker action. Those fighting to preserve the advantage which the taxes give to butter producers want It to go to the agriculture committee. An oleo supporter, Senator May- bank (D.-S. put It this way: "The bill has an excellent chance to pass the Senate If it goes to th finance committee. If It goes to th agriculture committee, that woul the end of it." Assignment of bills to a com mlttee ordinarily Is a routine matte But on this issue each side say ,t will challenge the decision o Senate President Vandenberg (R sons and injuring more than 160. Property damage was estimated In the millions. West Virginia and Kentucky com- munities were lashed by tornadoes last night. Twisters hit to Mis- souri, Oklahoma and Kansas Sat- urday. High winds and heavy rains occurred In Indiana and Illi- nois. The death toll by states: West Kentucky- four; three; In West Virginia, tomadic winds ripped through six rural communi- ties near Clarksburg In the north- ern part of the state. State police reported more than 65 persons were njured. West Lost Creek, Wolf Summit, Mount Clare and Quiet Dell were the communities hardest hit. Highways were blocked and communication lines were down, hampering rescue operations. In Kc-tucky tornado hit Alpha, a, town of 140 In Clinton county. The storm wrecked the Davis chapel hurch where an estimated 125 were attending services. At least 50 per- Senator Fulbright ai oleo backer, predicted the repeale which the House approved 260 t 106 last Wednesday "will pass easil if the Senate is allowed to vote 01 It." .12 .34 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stnge Todny Change 8.0 Is must be admitted, can fundamen- tal solutions bo round for such problems ns tho Italian population surplus. These Iclcns have nlrcncly found preliminary expression in the west- cm union, which Italy may soon be Invited to Join, Yet the western union no more than a start. Ital- ian I-'oi'BlKii Minister Carlo Sforan has remarked hnlf Jokingly thnt he expects Eui'opu to bo linked, but "In about 00 years." some 70-odd yours too lute. Certainly there are immense obstacles to real western Kuvopean unity, Yet tho ruthless policy of the Soviet union will con- tinue to act UK a lash driving the western European nations to unite. And tho United States, In the Eu- ropean recovery program, has pro- vided the means. Thus It Is at last possible to hope. Thnt Is nt least something of which Americans may be proud. Reads Dam 4. T.W. Dam 5, T.W. Dtim 5A, T.W Wlnona Dnm C, Pool Dnm C. T.W. Dakota Dam 7, Pool Dam 7, T.W. La Crossc 12 13 12 11.4 7.7 8.4 6.7 7.7 8.4 8.1 7.7 8.C 0.5 7.1 8.5 Tributary Streams Chlppewa at Durand 4.0 Zumbro at Thellman 2.0 Buffalo above Alma 1.8 Black at Nelllsvllle 3.8 Black at Galesvllle 3.7 Ln Crosso nt W. Snle-n 1.7 Root at Houston G.I .1 .1 -i .3 .1 IUVER FORECAST (From Hastings to Guttcnbcrp) During the next 36 hours, the Mississippi will bepln falling above Lnfcc Pepin; elsewhere throughout the district there will be little change. jlcnusc this is the amount recommended by the presidential fnct-flncllng board and accepted by other branches of rail in Oshkosh, of injuries received in a traffic accident Thursday. Worker Is Named Socialist Labor Candidate New York Edward A. Teichert, 43-year-old steel worker of Greensburg, Pa., was named yesterday as the presidential candidate of the Socialist Labor party of America. 'He was the 1944 candidate. Stephen Emery of Jamaica, Queens, a subway dispatcher here, was chosen, as candidate for vice-president. C. G. Pearse, Badger Educator, Succumbs Carroll Gardner Pcnrsc, former superintendent of lo-' cal schools and president of Milwaukee State Teachers college, died at his suburban Wnuwntosa home yesterday. He was one of Milwaukee's best kr.own educators. Penrsc, who was 89, had been 11) for several Prexy Ike, Housewarmin New York New tenants todny occupied a four-story brick house nt GO Mornlngside drive General nnd Mrs. Dwight D. Elsenhower. The neighbors didn't waste any time about getting acquainted. When the general and Mrs. Elsenhower strode up to the front door of their new "civilian" home yesterday there were 200 folks from next dor and across the street to say "hello." "Welcome to Morningsidc Heights." shouted one woman. "We're your new cried Given g by 200 Grinning broadly, General Ike waved his cap as the crowd closed in. He spotted a soldier In the throng, and called out: "I sea you're from the 71st. My son was in that outfit." The two shook hands. Although Elsenhower still wore Ills uniform, he said his goodbyes to the Arjny yesterday at Fort Myer, before driving here, where he ,s to take over as president of Columbia university June 7. Mrs. Eisenhower car.-ied a bouquet at yellow roses presented to her by the Fort Mycr personnel. U. S. Housing Chief Asks O. K. of Bill Washington The admin istration renewed Its appeal to th House today for a long range hous ing program. And Chairman Wolcott (R.-MIch.) of the House banking commltte said he intends "to get the bill ou of the committee as quickly as pos- sible for action by the House." Raymond M. Foley, housing ad- ministrator, presented the new plei as the banking committee opened public hearings on the Taft-Ellen- der-Wagner bill which has passed the Senate. The bill provides for government encouragement in constructing homes In ten years. Foley said the measure alms at a decent home for every family pri- marily through private means, "and that governmental aids shall be de- signed to stimulate and suplement to impede or enterprise operations." Bulleti ins A constitu- tional amendment to abolish the electoral college was approved, 6 .to 1, today by the Senate judi- ciary committee. City The Euro- pean Recovery program will cut foreign markets for American farmers and give more business to big corporations, Henry A. Wallace says. South St. Pan! Glenn Chinander of St. Paul, packing union field representative, said today that notices had been sent to the Austin local of the United Packing House workers union to "Bet ready to strike" In support of the national walkout. sons were reported Injured In the ounty. Many of the Injured were In the church. Ten persons were killed and at least 38 were injured In the torna- does In Oklahoma, Kansas. Missouri and Russ Release 3 G.I.'s in Berlin Berlin American officers were called to Russian headquarters! tonight to receive the release of three U. S. soldiers 'arrested over the weekend. Military police said the Russians had Informed them to come anc fetch the soldiers. A German girl friend said they were seized Satur- day night while they were visiting a restaurant in Berlin's Russian sec< Russ Whitewash Army's Entrance Into Berlin Berlin On the third anni- versary of the capture of Berlin, a Russian spokesman told the Ger- man people that "only a few Soviet soldiers committed excesses" when they entered the city. The spokesman, Sergei Tulpanov, Information chief of the Soviet military administration, spoke over Radio Berlin last night. He claimed that whatever ex- cesses the Russian conquerors com- mitted In Berlin could be attributed to the fact that they "had to climb over the bodies of their comrades' to enter the city. TuJpanov said: "Today these ex- cesses of individual soldiers arc used Tor propaganda purposes only by fascist forces." The Russian spokesman apparent- y dwelt on this theme because It has been a factor In recently Russo- Amerlcan controversies here. In the Triends. company of German Anti-Red Bill Sponsor Wanti Quick Court Test Washington Hundt (R.-S. DO said today he lopes the Communist party ignores a proposed Red registration law be- cause "we want to get them in Jail." William Z. Foster, head of the par- ty, has said it will refuse to register. "That would be one quick way of getting a court Mundt told re- jorters, In any event, though, a court test s a long way off. So far, the Mundt Dill to compel the party to register las been approved only by the House un-American activities com- mittee. Back-to-Work Trickle Reported By Meat Packers Chicago Packers reported a back-to-work trickle of strikers in ihe six-weeks-old strike of C. I. O. Packinghouse Workers, but there were Increased numbers of pickets at plant gates today. Non-strikers passed through the lines without Incident this morning as police stood by alert. C. I. O. officials said that none of the workers who entered the Packinghouse workers. A Wilson and Company spokesman said, however, "some of the strik- ers have come back to An official of Armour and Company said "Our working force Is gaining in numbers slowly." The four major packers. Swift, Wilson, Armour and Cudahy an- nounced that they have Increased the pay of all plant employes nine cents an hour. The companies announced seve- ral days ago that any strikers who fail to report for duty in the Chicago plants today risk replacement by other workers. Truman Planning: Farm Policy Talk Tru- man Is planning a farm policy speech soon, a farm leader said today. Albert S. Goss, master of the Na- ,lonal Grange, gave newsmen that report after a White House visit. He said Mr. Truman did not Indicate where or when the speech would be made. British Army Hero Escapes Death Sixth Bomb Kills Brother Wolverhampton, England V bomb mailed to Captain Roy Far- an, marked for death by the Jew- sh underground in Palestine, ex- loded In his home today and killed his brother. Rex. It was the sixth time Captain arran, a mysterious British hero, .ad escaped death by violence. He 'as acquitted last fall of murdering youthful member of the Stern ang, Jewish extremist organization, nd recently left the army. He was way when a postwoman brought bomb, concealed In a volume of hakespeare's plays. When his 26-year-old brother pened the package It exploded with a blast which shattered wto- ows. The brother died two hours later. Two others of the family asleep upstairs, escaped injury. Farran was acquitted of killing Alexander Rubowitz, 16. The Jewish youth disappeared in Palestine a year ago next Thursday. A mili- tary court said there was no evi- dence he was dead. In October, shortly after Farran's aquittal. Stern gang leaflets appeared In Tel Avlv announcing that "Captain Far- ran's time will come. We shall go after him to the end of the When the bomb was delivered to- day, he was at the ot Colonel and Mrs. William Stirling in Scot- land. "Captain Farran left as soon as he received news of what hap- Mrs. Stirling said. 19-25 Group To Be Liable For Service Bill Would Hike Forces' Manpower Authorizations Washington The House armed services committee today ap- proved, 28 to 5, a two-year draft bllL The vote puts the Issue for selec- tive service formally before Congress for the first time since the war. Before voting, the committee heard Secretary of Defense Forrcstal call the measure "There Is on Immediate and Im- perative demand for something to augment the size of our armed Forrcstal said. "This bill provides It." The committee voted down a mo- tion by Representative Van Zandt (R.-Pa.) to defer action until tho Senate acts on a combined draft- UMT bill tentatively approved by the Senate armed services commit- tee. Under the Senate bill, there would be a draft of men for regular service In the armed forces and a draft of 18-year-olds for training as reserves. The House bill provides only for a draft for regular service. Andrews has been assured by House leaders that the bill will bo called up for debate next week. These are the bill's principal pro- visions: 1. It would raise the total author- teed manpower of the armed forces to Air Force and Navy and Marine corps The present total strength. Is 2. Men from 18 through 30 would be registered, wltti those from 19 through 25 liable for two years' serv- ice. Men In this group could enlist voluntarily In the regular Army for two years, but in no other service. 3. Most veterans would be exempt from service, but those, under 31 would have to register. 4. Industrial plants could be seized by the government if they refused to give top priorities to armament or- ders, or if they did not provide equip- ment at what the secretory of de- fense considered .reasonable prices. 5. Doctors up to 45 years old could be drafted for two years' service. The armed forces would be allowed to call for doctors up to five per cent of their total manpower and dentists up to two per cent. At full strength that would put some doctors and dentists Into uni- form, counting those already In service. 6. Ministers, divinity students and some conscientious objectors would be exempt from service. Objectors willing to perform noncombatant service would be inducted for such, service only. 7. Deferments for schooling, de- pendency and occupation would ba determined by the President, Minnesota Crop Prospects Seen As Promising Minneapolis The Federal Reserve bank ot Minneapolis said today in Its monthly review that 'prospects for the new crop year appeared promising." The report was based on data col- lected up to April 20. The bank said that soil and mois- ture conditions were favorable in all except the Red River valley where floods have been prevalent. The total number of acres to bo planted in the district may exceed the 1947 figure by one per cent and the 1937-1946 average by ten per cent. Estimated spring wheat planting was set at acres under the 1947 figure. Total wheat acreage is expected to be about ten per cent larger than the 1937-194G average. Corn plantings probably will equal last year's figure but will be nine per cent above the ten year average. Flax acreage in the Minnesota and Montana was esti- mated at acres, compared with last year and 000 for the ten year average. The bank reported that the farm mortgage debt in the Ninth Federal Reserve district Is about 35 per cent below that of January 1, 1940, and about 70 per cent under the peak following World War I. Baltimore Industrialist Nominated Hoffman Aide Bruce of Maryland was nominated today to be deputy administrator for eco- nomic cooperation. Bruce is a Baltimore industrial- ist. He was for 14 years a member of the Democratic national com- mittee from Maryland. Bruce would work under Paul Hoffman, administrator of the agency which handles the Euro- pean recovery program. Bruce now is chairman of the board of the Worthington Pump Machinery Corporation and chair- man of the Maryland Dry DocK Company of Baltimore and a di- rector of numerous other corpora- tions. His nomination was sent to tho Senate by President Truman.
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