Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 3, 1948, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER IntiUhl, FM IS COMING Be rare your new radio can reoeln M. Full Lcnicd Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48. NO. 40 WJNONA, MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING. APRIL 3. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY THE ALSOPS B-29'sCore Of U. S. Strength Jiy Joapph nntl Hlcwitrt ANop WMhlnrtcm The (Xlfl.i urn Ktlll on pence. Vet for tlio flr.'it tlino tho possibility of wnr not next ycwr, nor In five yours, nor In ton years, but war In thf next works or months Id nclmlttrcl by nobrr of tho Kovrrnmrnl. U Is tlnto to tivko stock of our strength. It Is time especially to nsk whether If tho wor.it happens, WP rniUly con deliver tho knock-out blow, which will br tho only means of avoiding n long, druwn-out, world-drstroyini; wur of attrition. Tho nnswrr to this rlddlo depends on two First, doc.i our monopoly of tlip atomic bomb roully permit u.i to knock out a grout land powrr Ilkr HIP Soviet, union? .Second, tmvn we (tie citiiablllty of dollvorltiK ntcmilo bombs to tlio Soviet union's vital eenter.s? No riupstldii Is more bitterly do- bitlcd by the services than llio first, Tho best that can be said Is that the political and economic exports who iiave devoted thi'lr lives to ntutfylnK the Soviet nystcm bollavo that Its wiir-mukltiK power will va- pidly disintegrate if its vital con- tcrs nro destroyed. If this Is cor- rect, pvnrythlnK depends on our own capability to deliver tlm atomic bomb to Ihev vital centers, And this means, of course, that nvory- thlng depends on the capability of our aircraft to strike over great distances Into tho Soviet Jionrtlrind, IVrocnt tests show that Blixndartl H-29's, operating with Ktitrdnrd erews, can strlko at tar- jtet-i morn than rnlleti distant nntJ rnturn from their mission. With this ranKe, bases In thn hemispheres can not bf used, Hut It Is Inconceivable that tho Hod army can slmuUaneounly and Instantan- eously overrun western Kwope. tho Mediterranean, the Mlddlo East and northern India. From any of thnso nylons, alrrraft with an oporntliiK rnclliiA of Millr.i can reach tho Dovlet hmrrlnricl. furthermore, It may so.pm strungo: but It is n, simple oppriilloniil fact that Il-20's can now be equipped for rrfurllntf In the air. They ura than enabled to strlko at, and return from vastly more distant Tlv system sounds no much like one tho more lurid comln strlpsj that most people find ltd rtfrellvo- ness difficult to credit, Hut air re- lurlinK has been fully tested by tho Itrltlsh and has even been used In passenger operations. With only one rrfuellnK on tho way out, [1-20's can ptrlkn at. and return from tiu'Knt.i a.OOO miles distant. Ttp-fuelttiK on DIP wn.v out. anil on the way lioint', thry ean reneli liii'KOlfl "t.dOO miles tllst'nrit. MiKllflentlori of the ll-atl's to permit air Is Jllat as Itn- In lioelnK'.s IHIKO new modi- fication contract, as adaptation of tho aircraft to receive atomic bombs. Thus the enpuhllUy to penorato the Soviet heartland already exists. Dut can tho driving homo tho attack across tho huge spaces of Ru.vtla, survive interception by hlKh-altltude, hlKh-speecl del-man Jet flKhters which Iho ftnvlctH have been producing since tho end of thr war? Mere ntinln, rigorous tents have cnnducted with aircraft Coal Strike Injunction Demanded Miners Free 6 Billion Aid Bill Signed A Kusslun Oniccr. second from right, and an armed Soviet soldier right S[ oOicfr Russian railroad building in the U. officer Wlrephoto to Tho Rupubllcnn-Hcralcl.) U. S. Tightens Berlin Controls; Cuts off Russ Rail Headquarters By Illchard Kasi.selike SUitos luitharUles. usInR troops, kept 22 Russians out of a Soviet bunding In thn American sector of Berlin today and announced they were blocking oil the sector fiom the Clay, American military governor, declined to make any statement about the Soviet Ocnorn.1 Lucius D flying over iin uri-iv with us nnd strong u radar wurnlriK sys- tem n.i now exists in the world. Of the D-M.i rnttiiKcd III the tost. 00 crnt were Incuted by '.ho wurn- InK net. After locution, fighters found -10 per crnt, Under wur of course, only this '10 per crnt would hecn subject tr> fighter uttuuk, Kquully. of course, tho I.i-20's de- fensive nrmument would have uc- counted fur .lump of tlio fighters. The Inference Is that only u limited mimlxT of those B-2fis would have fulled to uceompllsh their mission, even UKUlnst tho hcuvlest odds, lltit Ihc Knvlet union, fur from hiivliiK dense and strong riului- warning system, lias u wunilntf n.Vs- tern nlrnci.it us feeble us our own. 7n the United filute.i wn have nnlh- lIlK I hut cull lie lei'llied full WlinilliK. lieeiillsr II Wdlllcl ullurs mill (U House Majority Releases Oleo Bill From Committee b nob sen national nown: Wl.-icon.'iln's rnprcnen- tutlvr.1! were not among the con- Hrcimincn who ye.uerday digued a pt'tltlon to return the bill to rupea federal oleomargarine taxnn. It wiis n iihiirp reversal for dalrj forces. The discharge petition sign- ed yostcrduy by tho necessary ma- jority was a comparatively utiusua procedure. Under House rules, when (i committee fulls to act on a bill tho HOU.IO cannot votn on it unless a majority of members cign such a petition, Thu11 the battle tf tho bread nprcuds will cotno out of committee Ilouso probably o to April 2li. There were indications that the agriculture committee, which pigeon- holed tho bill by n 1G-10 vote March 10. mlcht approve a compromise bill. Such u bill might provide for u reduction In imirKf.rlno taxes, or their .suspension for a yerxr. Shock Forces Ready To Guard Italian Votes lly Frank Hrutto Italian govern- ment .'iiitc! toduy It han armed u shock force of to strike swiftly iiKuln.it uny attempt at election vlo- li'llrc ot ivuy of induslrlul prlotlty to throw u true wurninK nrt over North America. The Soviets have, nt, best, limited nets narrowly Kumuirirllni! tlielr i.unM centers, weuknew would lit least double the odd.t on the ll-'JUs und halve their pereentinli1 of huts, tn short, the ntru- air linn euii do the Job. ue- cordlnn td the best eiileulivlloii.i, or r.ither the be-it Kiiesjies, thut cuti be rniide ut tills I Hue. In the elreuinstiuK-e.i, It Is dif- ficult tn tindel'.'-.tund the deelslon to ulluht the air arm In thn procrnin for expanding tlm defense nervlce.'i, Seeretury df Defense Kurrestiil hus funtiistlnilly explulned that puttlni: throuch the repeatedly reeomtnended prcinruin would cost billk.n.i iiddltlonul. Hut Mils l.'i n Miirln Hri'llm, mlnlriLor cif thn In- KIIHI to them against possible Intimidation. not fear fihosts which have ln lie At TiinuHo, Irom U. S, Ambassador rrrcniiniriulcd pr n v 11 m ulr HtrciiKt-h, und thr swi'riur.v'.M figure trprrscnt.'i Uio totul ctwt uf tni; nil the on u win' footing. blockade. But it was interpreted generally as n countcrmove to con- measures in- Htitutcd by uie Russians. Earlier. 50 U.S. police- men surrounding Soviet railroad headquarters in the American ncc- tor prevented 22 Russian otl'lccr.- u n d employe.' from entering. Two of HID Rus- sluns wnro gen- erulH. The grom was turned buck when it tried to KO Stassen Claims Iowa, Maine, 14 Badger Delegates Con, Lucius Clay In at D a. m. The military policemen encircled the headquarters lust night. Under U. S. Control Colonel Frank L. Howlcy, head of the U. S. military government in Berlin, said today the Russian rail- road building hud been put under American troop control because the Russians In recent nights had sent guards there "after dark." Howley disclosed that Major Gen- eral Alexander S. Kotlkov, Russian commandant in Berlin, protested the American move last night nnd asked that the American guard be re- moved. Ho said Kotikov explained ;i Russian guard had been put on the building nightly In recent nights because reports that criminal Cle- ments among Germans In the Rus- dlun sector were planning to destroy valuable records in the headquarters. Three British trains and an American train made the trip into Berlin yesterday and last night, ap- parently without Interference, There was no ofllclal statement on whether the controls had been relaxed. The Russians announced yester- day they wore withdrawing from seven of the 10 committees in the four-power government of the city. Russian authorities advised XJ. S. Air Force olllcers they plan night maneuvers over 1.1 in Soviet with numbers of flghtm1 pluna-i, und thut uny By Jack Bell Claimed vlctorlei In Iowa and Maine churned Harold E. Sta.isen's campaign Into a now lather today in a thrcc-wuy bal.'Jt. for WIscon.tln'H 27 Republican pres- idential votes. Acting like a man who thinks ho Is riding a crest, the former Minne sota governor laid out his final series of vote appeals in Southwest- ern Wisconsin Monday before Tues- day's primary. He speaks before the Chicago Board of Trade tonight. Stassen will have hustings to himself next week. Governor Thom- as E. Dewey is flying baclc to his New York desk, uncertain of his chances in this sometimes giant-kill- ing primary. There were reports that General Douglas MacArthur might pause in his Tokyo occupation duties long enough to send some last-minute message to his supporters in Wis- consin. Mac-Arthur's backers here arc claiming n minimum of 17 delegates out of 27. This collides sharply with Stasscn's claim to 14. Dcwcy indicated only that he thinks MacArthur will lead the field Ut believes he will top Stassen. The latter drew cheers from an audience of more than 800 persons here last night when lie suld he has assurances of the backing of a ma- lority of 23 delegates chosen at [owii's .state Republican convention. The DCS Molnes Register said in u copyright story that a straw ballot of 853 state convention delegates the following results: StiXHHcn 405, Dciwcy 172. Senator Arthur of MluhlKiin 1111, Tart IIS. Quniirul Wwlghl, D. which mlnhtjicisenhowcr 18, House Speaker Jos- April 15 Deadline Beaten Truman Must Name Administrator for World Program Washington President Tru- man, today signed the history-mak- forelgn aid bill ing into law. The President in a statement sftld the signing "Is a momentous occasion in the world's quest for enduring peace." Ills action came as the adminis- tration was nt work turning the legislation into a barrier against communism in Europe and Asia. In a separate statement, Secretary of State Marshall said the signing marked "an historic step in the for- eign policy of this Congress approved the bill yes- terday, almost two weeks ahead of its April 15 deadline. Stop Kuss Drive The vast program, centerpiece of the government's "stop-Russia" stra- tegy, is designed to rush American foods and money to 1G western Euro- pean nations, with extra in- cluding military for Greece, Turkey and China. Ready for action by the President was an executive order creating a temporary European Cooperation administration to run the European Recovery program the first 30 clays. After that, the ERP's own adminis- trator will take over. Undersecretary of State Lovett announced yesterday that the State department has a skeleton organiza- tion ready to swing into action Mon- day. Niime Administrator Mr. Truman also has the task of naming the administrator for the whole And ho must Defense Needs Seen As Tax Boost Key By Francis M. Le May taxpayers, now figuring how to use they sot in tax relief, were put on notice today to expect a swift tax boost if. national security demands it. House Speaker Martin (R.-Mass.) said: "If defense needs increase beyond what has been outlined, we would, of course, take any necessary steps to keep a balanced budget. The Congress will provide adequate funds which, if properly spent, will give us full protection." In the showdown between Con- gress and the President the House passed the tax cut, 3111 to more than the two-thirds; majority required to override a vcto.j The Senate rang up a 77 to tenl to spare. Deserting the President to vote for the Republican-backed bill were 82 House Democrats and 27 Senate Democrats. The government printing office immediately Rot the signal to start the presses rolling on now forms for reduced tax withholding. These go Into ciTect May 1. 16 ERP-Aid Nations Set Up Machinery By Joseph E. Dynan 1C Marshal plan, nations arc gearing machinery today for their share of administra- tion when Uie recovery plan starts They will have the tnsk of coordi- nating efforts in Europe wiUi the American Recovery administration The global foreign This is the general tax picture ald before President Truman jw: ij-or signature today, provides for a 1. The income rocovery _.s get reductions, effective last for Europe at an outlay of uary 1, ranging from 100 per cent 30o the first year, the lowest Jncome f tax bracket to infornied French quarters here felt the program in Europe will be chiefly a Washington operation uc- tween the U. S. and each participat- ing government in its first phases They speculated this phase may be as long as three months. Europe's organiwitloii is not corn- taxpayers will get refunds from the plctod ]t llot act anyway government on the overpayment of untii American administration taxes between January 1 and May 1, Friendship of AH Nations: Truman Williamsburg, Va. Presi- dent Truman has let it be known that the United States still seeks the friendship of "every other na- live per cent in the highest brackets. About low Income persons were removed from the tax rolls completely. 2. On May 3, tax withholdings from all wages and salaries will be reduced. And next ycar millions of tion in the Though he did not mention strain- ed relations with Russia, lie told an audience here yesterday that country always had operated the distribution' and coordinate on a "good neighbor policy." vise thn use of American, help. Speculation over the a year administrative position, which curries cabinet rank, centered upon Piuil G. Hoffman, president of tho Stuclebakcr Corporation. For the assignment as roving ambassador diplomats here expected tha selection of Lewis W. Douglas, American ambassador to Great Britain. The major provision of the which the Hoii.se passed yesterday, 31H to 75, and the Senate by a voice 11 four and a nuar- t.p.r ycar economic recovery program for western Europe at a. cost of This is for the first 12 months beginning last Thursday, April 1. Mr. Truman joined Prime Min- ister W. L. Mackenzie King of Can- ada, Viscount Alexander, Canadian governor general, and Virginia's Governor William M. Tuck ill Can- adian-American day ceremonies on the campus of William and Mary college. Tho President and Governor Tuck, of the most bitter op- ponents of Mr. Truman's civil rights program, shook hands und posed in their academic robes for photog- raphers who pressed them for pic- tures. grinned the President. "they 'think we're going to "Mr. 'Russian Roulette' Loser Succumbs Minneapolis William A. Porter, 24-ycar-olri. Minneapolis patrolman who lost a onc-ln-slx chance against being shot in a game of Russian roulette Friday, cliod Friday after- noon in General hospital here. wouldn't on." the gov- ccrtninly fight with these clothes said "you know we to Berlin from Frankfurt cph Martin 14, Governor Earl War- bo warned. The food flights so far have been rrmdo In daylight. Tho conflict has reached u point wlip.ro It Is dIMlcull; to solve be.cau.se, if thn Involved. rcn of California 12 and MacArthur eight. Portland, Maine, reports said sev- en delegates have expressed prnfer- ire watching with Interest and an- xiety the struggle for power among their conquerors, The Western stand for free movement to Hid from Berlin Is based upon 10'IG inreuuieiHs with the Army Secretary Royall said, Jutnen C. Dunn warned Italians uculn.'it "prnpuKundlsUi who sock to turn tho ftiUlan peoplci Into thu ud- ventuni of totullturlunl.'iin." Reynolds Rebuked for Mystery Flight Milton _____ Reynolds was rebuked .sharply-today Of rmy mtack, General Clay has the by u committed of frowning Chinese Though wo will sit tight and hold our position, we will not bo provo- cative." Hut interviewed later on a radio jTOgrum, Royn.lt added that "In case Tho actual cost of 70-croup procnim would be about SI.'' bllllon.'i rxiru the first ycar nncl tho ppccuid. ft. not wrin nim.'ti iielentl.'it.'i for the fouled up attempt to nook tlm world's Highest moun- tain. Tho Chicago manufacturer denied Unit he hud mudi' u quick, unsched- uled lllKht over tho Amnc Macliln riinnu ufter canceling the ncrlal ex- pedition to western China. lie pleaded guilty of however, for Ills failure to inform the on (IIP only weapon: Chlne.w tic It'll tints of thu progress of may pei'lmps prevent projected he of- to KIU which cittirr wur ri'inii quite literally, tho benliiniiiK of ti durk fered to lly eight of tho r.elcntl.its In an "all Chliu'.'io expedition" over the Ainnu Machln.'i. authority of a military leader to shoot If ho must." Record Field Entered in Hastings Election Hustings, Minn. Hastings will vote on n. field of 33 candidates, largest in history, at tho annual city election Tuesday. Mrs. Vernon Truax and Kenneth H. Eddy arc opposing John Worth, acting in- tabbed By Mob Hope The Santa Fe railroad celebrated its mile of diesel loco- motive operation with a big ban- quet last week, and the president U.N. Reversal On Palestine Partition Doubted By Francis W. Carpenter Lake key delegate expressed doubt today that the____ United Nations assembly will re- injured were in fair condition. verse its decision to partition Pal-i estinc. He declared it would be extremely of the company invited me to at- takes form. It was announced in Washington that America has a skeleton organization ready to go to work. French sources said Britain's gov- ernment has agreed to bilateral procedure ill the singes of the program. Well informed quarters said "working committee" of the Mar- shall plan nations has agreed on nearly all issues. It was understood that agreements already renched include one requir- ing unanimous consent of the 16 nations before new members arc ac- cepted. Observers pointed out adoption S. Whether the miners remain rests entirely witli tlio Individuals, without orders from him or any other union official. John L. Lewis' word to strUOnjt miners that they may return to work if they please brought no Immediate reaction from United Mine Worker leaders in Pittsburgh, A TJnltcd Mine Workers union source predicted today that West Virginia's coal diggers would not re- turn to work regardless of John L. Lewis' Bomb Dropped Over Russ Vienna Zone bomb was dropped by n plane flying over the Russian zone of Vienna today, and a child was seriously Injured. An ofacial announcement said Soviet head- quarters in Vienna was notified of the incident. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnoinv and vicinity. Partly cloudy to cloudy nnd wanner to- night; lowest 40. Mostly cloudy nnd mild Sunday with locul showers in the )ate afternoon or at night; highest 68. Minnesota: tonight with Cloudy and wanner rain or snow north portion; Sunday mostly cloudy with. rain or snow north and scattered, local showers south portion; colder north portion Sunday. Wisconsin: Partly cloudy and wanner tonight; Sunday consider- able cloudiness with rain or snow north portion and showers south, aecomlng colder in afternoon. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 50; minimum, 30; noon, 50; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at _ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec." Bcmidjl ............33 ihicago ...........-55 Denver ............68 DCS Moincs ........50 Duluth ............35 International Palls 27 Kansas City .......58 Los Angeles .......58 Miami .lpls.-St. Paul "Jew Orleans rcw York..... Seattle Phoenix Vinnlpeg 82 40 70 57 45 85 27 18 29 42 35 21 8 49 75 29 56 39 30 55 20 T. .01 .02 J20 RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-Hr. Stage Today Chjmgo Red Wing Lake City Reads Dam 4, T.W Dam 5. T.W. Dam 5A, T.W ,Vinona Dam 0, Pool Dam 6, T.W. Dakota Dnm 7. Pool Dam 7, T.W La Crosse 14 10.5 32 13 12 0.4 8.1 0.3 10.1 9-6 8.9 9.2 9.4 8.7 9.8 -t- J- J. 4- .1 4- J -1 -i- J. Tributary Streams Chlppewa at Durand 5.G ,umbro at TheUman. 3.6 Buffalo above Alma... 2.5 Trcmpealcau at Dodge 1.7 Black at Neillsvlllc... 4.5 Black at Galcsvlllc... 4.5 La, Crosse at W. Salem 13 .1 J .4 Root at Houston 6.4 RIVER FORECAST (From II.-ullnKH to Gnttcnbert) The Mississippi above Lake Pepin will become stationary today and by Monday the river will have crest- ed from Winona to below La Crosse with a peak stage of slightly less than 2. of a fool above the present level. The rise below Prairie du Clilcn will bo only .1 of n. foot tha flvod nt tho Weeks home. It contain-1 next 36 hours. The Wisconsin and will tall tlowly.