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Winona Republican Herald: Monday, March 29, 1948 - Page 1

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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 29, 1948, Winona, Minnesota                                W EATHER FM Full Lenied Wire Newi Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 48, NO. 35 WINONA. MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING. MARCH 29. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY IS COMING Be rare your new radio can recelvi M. SIXTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Lend-Lcase Program to Be Revived ny Jowph Hlrwurt Aliton Wnnhlnirton The next stop In thr hardening American rosponno to Soviet expansion Is likely to bo a rrvlvnl of mltltury lend-loano. Tho purpose of this stop will bo to Klvo weight and mennlnK to "Wcstnrn tho alliance of IJrItiitti Krancc find thn Ucinelux coun- tries. Thn mensuro him nlrnnely brrii dlMU.vird lit. thn Icvrl. Thn MKIIH lire thnl It Will rvpntunlly be approved, nnd thut the ninln ruirsllon now Is uno of In flirt, thr wholp culpstlon wns thoroughly threshed out In a cnhlniit meeting before Ihp I're.Mdcnt's rc- rrnt to the Congress, florlalifi porisiclnrnMon wits Klven to Inclucl inc n recommendation for rn vlvpcl mllltiiry lend-tensp In the rrrslrtrnt'.i r.pprch. It was urmnl rnouMy In thr cabinet that nomn siirh step might eventually bo both nrcrwinry nnd desirable. Ynt It wiut flnnlly tlrcltlrcl thnl It would u mistake to brlriK forward thn prnpmnl now. This decision wn.i taken for two rpuson.i. Thn first rritnnn Wiifl thn thor- oughly prnrtlrnl matter of thn prnb ntile reiirtlnn In Ihn Congress. There wrrp no Illusions In the cabinet thut thn draft and universal military trulnlriK sections of thn President's Mwerh would bn Krpptrd with cheers. Mnriy congressmen would obviously be tempted to on u lond-loasp proposnl us painless wny out of the hard necessities of the .iluin- tlon. Secretary of State CloorKo C, Marshall fenred thut rearming of the wmtrrn Kuropenn countries would sppm a politically njtrcnublo MI DM I for the rcartnlhK of the United States. 8KCOND, AS MAIlSIIAMj point- fd out to tho cabinet, l.ho proposal would bp prnrnuturp, The WosUirn union, nt time of tho President's wns still In tho process of born. An immediate Amnrlcnn offrr to arm tho of tho We.itnrn union pact would Inovll- nbly be neUcd upon by tho Soviet union and tbe communists. It would be displayed a.i further evidence of "American and of an American desire to uno tho Euro- peans nn "cannon fodder" In a war nisiilrmt the Hovlets. Such an Amnrt- ruri offer thus well bo deeply rmhnrriiimlnK to the Kuropenn lend- ers. Therefore, Marshall argued thnt thr Initiative must comn from tho Europeans themselves, In fact, thrro hnvn nlrnndy been unofficial and tentative approaches from thn .French, looking toward Amerlciin nld In re-cqiilpplm< the French army, Tho military wenlcnevi of the French Is nymp- tomntic of thn almost total mllltury vacuum which now exlstn In west- ern Kurope. Most of the effective French forces are- committed In Indo-China and North Africa, A mero handful ot French troop.-i re- main on tho Continent, nnd their equipment Is for the most part either nonexistent or ob.iole.to, Knw of thr rxnert.i, Including tho Kronen themirlves, doubt that In oaso o.f Krnnco, with thn rest of Kurope, could be quickly and rnxlly occupied by the Ited army. That Is why seri- ous ecm.iltlerntlon Is now Klvon ut the liliclient levels In Washington in n rxiwillile American offer to rn- equip completely ten French cllvl- IF TJitS STK11 Is taken, tt will bo only thp fir.it In u Rpfles of meumiros dpsiirned to help western Europe rriruln, to use ft fuvorltn phruso of Miirshnll's, "u tnllltnry tKisdirn" Yet iiurh un vitidertuklnK by thn Hulled Htulrn will In turn jxrisn u lumiiirr fit problnrnd of tho Kruve.nl Importance. In the flr.it plnce. n United Statew commitment to help reurm tho wr.itcrn Kuropt-un eouutrles cim only bf fulfllU'd if Amerlrun urrnumiints production Is Kreully Inereuiiecl, A Atnrrlnin Industrlul innbll- nilKht therefor" bn In the second plivcc, military lend- Iru.v to the Western Union nations will mean In fact that n light mlll- tiiry nlllanco ha.t been concluded between this country nnd western Europe, Hlif M AN AI.MANCK will call for ifiint plimnlnK between tho military r.tiiff.i of the United Htntos and of the Kuropeiui countries. Detailed (vliin-i mint be evolved tor the over- nil MmtcKy, und for tho disposition nf troops and equipment In cunn of wur. Twu approaches to this problem are ixvwlblp. Joint planning t-lreiKly Kolnu forward between tho United States nnd Urltnln, In trie existing Anglo-American com- bined chiefs of staff, with hoad- in Wiishlnnton. This could simply be enlarged to Include France nnd the lienclux countries, ns well an Ituly, if Italy civcnluniiy Joins Western union, On tho other hand, the Western union pact opnns the wny for n Kurnpeiin combined staff. tUich u staff could be created, prob- ably In I'lirl.i, and American officers tilliirtied to It. In the flnit civic, the. United Mtivlc.s would openly a.viumo loader- Miip In the new alllanco, whereas in tho necond case, tho emphasis would bn on Kuropp. Under any clrcmnr.tnncos, the conviction Is Krowltu: thnt the military Vacuum which now i-xl.ilfl In western 1'Juropo must b" filled, and tho Knroprim Utlnncc of power, upset by tho war, Li ooino measure restored. Lewis Ignores Board's Subpoena Andrew Cnnlon. center, whoso 24-ycnr-old wife, Gloria, was Injured in a three-way auto accident today In Newark N J NlaigKlei to free himself from pnssersby. Conlon had to be forcibly restrained after the air m which they wore riding collided with a taxlcab and another auto. Mrs. Conlon was taken to a hospi- tal with hoad, let? and arm cuts. (A.P. Wircphoto to The Wisconsin Court Holds Vets Housing Act Illegal MiMllnoii, IVId. Tho Win. nonxlii Hiipriimn court hnld today thut thn Vutnrunn IloU.iliiK net Is unconstitutional. Tho hlRlk court ruled that "The (innctmont ot tho loRlMnturc at- tempted to nulnorlxo the state to bo u party to an Internal Improve Ban on Discussion Of Soviet A-Bomb Scheme Asked Iiy The Aiwoelatert 1'rcna Clroiu Britain. Trance. Canada and China clumandod In tho United Na- tions today an end of talk on Rus- ii'n ttchnmo to prohibit atom bombs, Thoy dunounoed-KTisiln'STJnjpcwwIs inadequate and unrealistic, cap- able of helping an nwjrcssor nation Kiiln overwhelming military suprem- acy and lulling peoples Into a sense of false security. In China, pro-government dis- patches to Polplnft said a general Kovornment countoroffonslvo had set back communlnU lighting through Inner Mongolia toward Manchuria. From communist Russia, now ne- gotiating a treaty with neighboring Finland, came accusations against tho military head of nonrby Sweden, Tho Moscow army and navy news- papers, Red Star and Rod Fleet, said tho Hwodlah army Comrnnndcr-ln- Chlof Lieutenant Ominral Holfcc JuiiK, Is planning to build banns for United States pianos and paratroops In his country. Saturday, tho Moscow government nowdpaper charged tho Nor- woKlan government with planning to lontio army bases to tho U. S. and Britain. A Finnish delegation has been in Moscow negotiating on a treaty of friendship and mutual aid proposed by Prlmo Minister Stalin. Premier Mauno Pdkkala houd.'i tho group. Slovldt Minister nncl Mrs. V. M. Molotov Issued Invitations yes- terday to a reception for Pokknla tomorrow night. Moscow observers mild this incinmi tho negotiations nro nrnrlriK a conclusion. llut back In tho Finnish capital of Helsinki, reliable .tourcc.i said last nlKht President Juno K. Paaslklvi was drawing up now Instructions to tho Finnish negotiators. Thoy did not say what these woro. Paaslklvi talked with closo advisers yesterday. mcnt nnd must bo held to bo In contravonlion of tho conntltutlonnl Tho law passed by the 1047 legis- lature doubled taxes on liquor and wine and earmarked the additional a year to the Wisconsin Housing authority. The authority was delegated the power to grant municipalities or counties up to 15 per cent of the cost of local housing developments. Budget Director E. C. Glcsscl re- fused to release the money until the high court decided on the unconstitutionally. He cc that If funds wero given to nltlcs tho state would be engaging In work of Internal Improvement which Is prohibited by the constitu- tion. Tho supreme court upheld tills view The eupromo court's decision does not nffoct the nddcd tax on Intoxi- cants, according to Attorney Gen- eral John E, Martin. The state will continue to collect that tax, he said, and it will be up to the 1040 legislature to decide what to do with tho collected in tho two yours. House Starts Showdown Vote on Aid Wellington The. House, starts showdown votes today on the bill to use plus Am- crlcnn military science in an effort to stem communism in Europe and China, Passage Is scheduled for (Wed- nesday at the latest. It may come by tomorrow night. House lenders say the margin will be at least three to one, with no more than 80 to 100 opposition votes. The only military aid In the bill is for Greece nnd Turkey and for China. For 16 western European nations, there is a economic there help i But 'supporters of the bill Insist that Europe can't gain military strength until It gains economic strength, that, ones the 10 nations are sound and able to support thcm- tielves they .can build up military power against tho threat ol com- munism to the oast. So far. House debate on the foreign aid bill has turned up a smattering of general opposition and widespread demands for stop- nlng exports to Russia ot anything that can be used for military pur- poses. Baruch Urges Immediate Draft, UMT WaMilnifton Bernard M, Unruch todny urged prompt enact- ment of universal military training and selective service legislation ns a moans of achieving "tho stability In the world which lasting peace re- Thc financier and Tuesday Increasing cloudiness adviser also called for an "economic and slightly warmer followed by mobilisation nnd snld Amorl- rnin Or snow over north nnd rain en's failure to muster all Its rc-jovcl. south in afternoon and ut sources now for peace would leave "no alternative but to mobilize for war" In the future. Testifying before the Senate nrm- Horvlctui committee, Baruch mig- Kosttid thu appointment, or some- one to "watch the Impact upon our economy of the pnrtlnl mobiliza- tion wo arc entering upon and to Weather FKDERAL FORECASTS WInona nnd vicinity Clearing and colder tonight with lowest 20 In city nnd 24 In rural areas. Tues- day generally fair, warmer in after- noon, highest SB. Minnesota: Fair early tonight, in- creasing cloudiness late tonight fol- lowed by snow north and rain or snow south Tuesday probably be- ginning in northwest tonight. Slight- ly warmer east Tuesday. Wisconsin: Fair and colder to- night. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at noon Sunr.lny: Maximum, 41; minimum, 21: noon, 45; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending nt noon today: Maximum, 48; minimum. 31; maintain a constant Inventory, bal-jnoon) 3c; precipitation, .07 (trace of Hollywood hns started another now trend. At u rccont premier of and JIKKH In the ont mirvod corned boot und cabbiitco In tho lobby, If this catches on, it could rcvo- Uob Hope all the country. I can see It all now Some of tho patrons com- ing out of the theater and com- plaining about the movie Not enough mustrtrd. One theater served a specialty with garlic nnd onion mufcc. Of It didn't Tho course, matter plcturo was "I Walk Alone." U will bo a little unusual seeing on thn screen, "Coming Attraction Cropo Suzottes." Next I know a girl who hasn't gone to a movlo In months She's on a dirt. One of tho ushers was fired ro- crnlly Tho manager caught him mixing tho soup with his flash- light, Thn nlcklo popcorn machines will be. Now If you put, In a you'll gut bicarbonate Thu logos will romnln tho most cxpcnslvo scats In tho house, the snrvleo will bo better With each scat you got (i toothpick and a fln- Korbowl. Naturnlly, they're going to servo approprlatn dishes each picture Tim othor day one thonter show- ed "Tho Road to Rio" and served more ham. anclng. all our growing commit- against our resources." Before Baruch spoke, Chairman Gurnny (R.-S. declared that hin armed committee must conclialo hiinrlngx on thu military phnsoii of President Truman's stop-; Russia program by the end of the week. Gurney's committee is consider- ing (1) temporary revival of the wnrllmo draft, (2) a permanent program of universal military train- ing and (3) Immediate expansion of the peacetime strength of the arm- sun sets tonight at sun Mln. Prcc, Bcmldjl ChlciiKO Denver 4-1 OG Duluth .........43 Int. Falls 40 Kansas City 55 Los Angeles CD Miami 84 Mpl.s, St. Paul 40 New Orleans 5B New York 52 od forces at a cost of Seattle C2 Meanwhile, a hard core of op-Phoenix position to UMT Is gaining recruits In the Senate. A training bill long has been bottled up in the House by that chamber's rules committee. And now a number of senators, willing to support most of the added billions and expanded manpower for the armed services, are balking on the UMT Issue. Senator Morse (R.-Orc.) asked Baruch how much this country could spend on military prepared- Washington 50 43 17 C 45 51. 57 20 41 28 43 50 30 .01 Russ Dig In On U. S. Korean Zone Border Plan Seen to Justify Red Talk of 'Attack From South' By Roy Roberts Outpost 18 on 38th parallel, Korea Soviet soldiers and north Korean villagers are digging trench- es, foxholes and gun emplacements along the 38th parallel dividing the Soviet nnd American occupation zones of Korcn. Americans don't know why. They assume the Soviets ordered the World Wnr I type of defensive line to Justify Russian statements to north Koreans reported by travelers from the north that Americans and south Koreans plan to attack north Korea. The digging was first observed by American patrols early this month, They presumed the first few under- takings were irrigation ditches.'The activity stepped up sharply about March D; the nature of the work became clear. One nnd two-man foxholes appeared. Tho ditches became trenches six feet deep. Sometimes they were connected by c o m m n n I c a 11 o n M trenches two and onu-hiilf feet deep. Holes tun feet in diameter were dug and given turret tops with openings for guns pointed .south. No weapons were observed but at, least one om- plucomcnt contains a bipod mount as large as that for ail American 81-millimeter mortar. U, S. Intelligence reports1 indicate the work is concenerated in five valleys containing the main travel routes between north and south Korea. The trenches command a road in each valley and railroad lines in three. More than 32 trenches 30 to 50 feet long were counted along the Invisible geographical line Sat- urdny. Three or four new ones are observed daily. The work was first noted on the Onjin peninsula on the western extremity. It spread eastward, val- ley by valley. The Onjln peninsula Is entrenched almost solidly Its en- tire width. The trenches there.are so close to the parallel that one can toss rocks Into them from the American zone. There is no-comparable activity in the American zone. The only de- fense work In south Korea Is the sandbagging of Korean police tlons in a few villages, several thou- sand yards south of 38. This was done after threats of attack came from north Koreans, but were never carried out In large scale. Russ, U. S. Head For Palestine Policy Clash By Max Harrclson Lako Success Russia and (.he United .States face their first major clash on Palestine policy this week. That was the outlook today as delegates to the United Nations se- curity council returned from a brief En.stor holiday to resume debate on Pnlu.sUnu tomorrow afternoon. The two big powers have clashed on almost every other issue before the U, N. but both had supported Typo Union Denied Stay of Injunction Hammond, Ind. The A.F.L., "The court has found the probable International Typographical of certain unfair labor was denied a stay of an Injunction restraining it from causing printers' strikes that violate the Taft-Hartley law. Union counsel had asked Federal Judge Luther M. Swygert to stay his injunction order of Saturday pending an appeal. The Injunction was granted to the government ns a result of a strike of I.T.U. printers on Chicago newspapers and in other cities. practices and they have an effect on the public Judge Swy- gert said In denying the stay. "The decision restrained them (unfair labor practices) and to grant a stay would nullify the very purpose of the injunction." Thus the injunction will remain In force until the National Labor Relations board rules on the gov- ernment's charges that the union violated the Tnft-Hartlcy net. the the Palestine partition plan until United States reversed itself ten days ago. So far, Soviet Delegate Andrei A. Oromyko hns remained si'.cnt on the new U, S. pin n for u special session of the iconcrul assembly to consider replacing partition with U. N. trusteeship. Security council delegates, how- ever, expect the Soviet delegate to deliver a bitter blast at the U. S. either tomorrow or Inter this week. Gromyko hns Riven brand hints that Rus backs partition. Pope Lashes Reds Before By John P. McKnlght Vatican Plus XH says Italy and the world are at the crossroads in the contest over com- munism. "The great hour of Christian con- science has proclaimed the head of the Roman Catholic church in a noonday Easter bless- ing ycstrrdny. Thi! white-clad ponl.HT spoke from 11 balcony of St. Peter's, tho world's biggest church. Some to a fourth of Rome's heard him from the sunlit square below. Ills talk came little more than three weeks before Italy's April 18 election test between communism nnd its foes. His listeners, mostly Italian, outnumbered any political gathering to date. He did not mention, communism by name. But hearers plainly caught the meaning of his refer- ences to "deniers of that which Is most snored" and "agitators who make the negation of Christ the cornerstone of their work." He reminded his audience of the 'terrible verdict" of Jesus Christ: 'Who is not with me Is against me." "You beloved sons and daughters well comprehend what such a cross- roads signifies and contains for Rome, for ho said. The Pope stood in the center bal- cony above a huge papal flag. His gestures were emphatic. His voice was vibrant and forceful. Twenty loudspeakers, jutting from windows of the basilica, magnified his words. MacArthur Entered In 2 Primaries Only Neb. General Douglas MncArthur's name will be entered directly on the presidential primary ballot only in Nebraska nnd Wisconsin, Phillip La Toilette said yesterday. The former Wisconsin- governor, an ardent supporter of the general, said he believed Dewey and Tart would go into the Philadelphia Re- publican convention with the largest blocks of delegates. If neither Is nominated on an early ballot, he expressed belief that MacArthur would be the convention choice. Bulleti ins l.ulcc Unit- ed States lins decided nol to press for immediate action on trusteeship for Palestine, an American delegation spokesman said today. Senate passed today by voice vote and unit to tho White House n. uiiproprhllloii for additional cnicrccney aid to France, Italy and Austria, White House said today that no "Big Three." meeting is in prospect and President Trnmnn has no to leave the United StatcM. John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers chief, walks to his Washington, D. C., office this morning a few minutes before the JO a. m. deadline set for him to tell President Truman's fact- finding board It he would ap- pear voluntarily at nn after- noon hearing. He beat the dead- line by sending a message that he was "disinclined" to appear. (A. P. Wircphoto to The Repub- lican-Herald.) Tax Cut Slated To Become Law Despite Veto By Francis M. teMay Washington The only ques- tion left over the tax cut bill is when not what will happen. A veto is regarded as certain. Equnlly assured, in the minds of many Democrats ns well as Republi- cans, is that the tax-slashing mea- sure will become law, notwithstand- ing President Truman's objection. Representative Knutson (R-Mlnn) author of the legislation, told re- porters he expects the president to delay "as long as in the expectation that the inter- nnUonal situation may change some votos. 13ut several ndmlnsItrnUon offi- cials have predicted prlvntcly that Mr. Truman will act swiftly on the bill, perhaps today or tomorrow. The chief executive has until April 5, a week from todny, to net. The bill was put on his desk Inst Wednesday. Winnipeg 27 .021 "RIVER BULLETIN j Flood Stage 24-Hr. Stage Today Chfinge noss my. "and still hnve a stable Morse estimated the program Red Wing Lnke Cily Reads Dam 4. T.W. Dam 5. T.W. Dnm 5A, T.W. Wlnona Pool T.W. .14 3 my. orse es probably would cost "I think we have about reached ii vnnllnrl JJOm I. J. vv the limit. replied. He said Congress ouRht to set up a "watchdog" committee to keep im eye on spending nnd Its effect on price nnd living costs. Where To Get An X-Ray TODAY St. Charles Frisch Johnson garage, tonight. TUESDAY St. school, morning and afternoon. WEDNESDAY St. school, La Crossc 12 o.l. 12.0 8.2 n.a 7.1 8.0 8.4 6.7 8.8 9.4 D.3 -i- .4 -I- .3 .3 -I- .2 .3 .2 -h .1 .1 .2 .1 .3 -I .1 -I- -1 Tributary Streams Chlppcwn, at Dunmd G.7 Zumbro at'Thellmaii ..4.0 Buffalo above Alma 3.2 Trcmpcaleau at Dodge Black at NeillsvV.le 7.2 La Crossc at W, Salem 1.8 Root at Houston 7.0 IUVEU FORECAST (From HiiHtliiKK Giittcnbcrit) During the next 48 hours tho rises will continue in the Mississippi jfrom Hastings to Trempealeau. From La Crosse southward to Prairie du Chlcn there will be little change but n, slow rise will begin by Wednes- day and continue for the remainder of the week. Due to colder weather the upper Wisconsin and middle and lower Ohlppcwa will fall In tho next 3G hours. l rshlnnrrs greeted the Easter dawn in Hollywood Bowl In the 28th annual _..........._________ i7e scrvtoes. The huge congregation filled the famous outdoor amphitheater the adjacent hillside. Fact-Finding Continues Without Him District Court Appearance Order Seen Next Step BULLETIN Wuhlncton Prcildent fact flndlnr board today called for a. federal court order to force John L. Lewis to tcRtlfy about the strike of hli toft coal mlncn. WanhlnKton John L Ignored a subpoena to appear at 1 p. in. todny for a prcddenUol board hearlni? on the coal strike. Lewis was served with the fonnal order today after refusing a board InvltaUon to testify voluntarily. The three-man board Inquiring In- to causes ot the strike went ahead without Lewis. Its next step. If Lewis continues to hold out. Is expected to be a re- quest for federal district court to order him to appear. The formal order was Issued im- mediately after Lewis had turned down the board's InvltaUon to ex- plain the walkout of his soft coal miners. An hour Jatcr, two United States emerged ffrlnnlnj? from United Mine Workers and the marshal's office said that Lewis had accepted the subpoena. Thls occurred after the officers had experienced difficulty KCttlnn on elevator to take them to Lewis' Hce. The stairs were barred. Three minutes before a 10 a. m. deadline set for his reply, the united mine workers' leader flred at the board a reply to its invitation setting forth his "disinclination" to testify. Lewis said he based this on (I) 'law" and (2) "prejudice." He ex- plained: 1. Neither he nor the UMW done anything falling under Tatt-Hartlcy law, which President Truman has invoked In the dispute. He called this law an "infamous en- actment." 2. Two of the three board mem- bers art "biased and prejudiced and In honor should not serve." Ho named Marie Ethridge, publisher at the Louisville, Ky., Times and Cour- ier-Journal, and George W. Taylor. who was chairman of the old War Labor board. Lewis added that Cyrus W. Chtosr. Uio government's top conciliator, is a truly remarkable man, who through the eyes of the United States Rubber." Chlng formerly was employed by that corporation. The soft coal operators tesUHed last Friday on their position In tho dispute with Lewis over pensions for miners. Lewis was allowed tho entire weekend to reply to tho Hoard's Invitation. Tlio Invitation to testify was Is- sued by Federal Judge Sherman Minion, chairman of the board up by President Truman to Inves- tigate the walkout which is enuring Its third week. A United States marshal was dis- patched with the subpoena to the United Mine Workers headquarters. a few blocks away. In his reply to the board. Lewis said to effect that the Tuft-Hartley law, under which the board was ap- pointed, had not been violated. As the mine shutdown began Its third week, coal operators estimated t hud already cost the country nnd the miners an amount double the pension fund which touched off the shutdown. A ten-cent royalty on coal produc- tion dating back to last July 1 has built up the funds. But Lewis and Ezra Van Horn, respective trustees for the union nnd the operators, hnve been unable to agree. As a re- sult nothing has been paid out of tho fund. Lewis has proposed monthly payments to miners 60 or older with JO years' service. He said the mine owners "dishonored" their agree- ment by not agreeing on a payment method by now. Vnn Horn says the amount proposed by Lewis is too nigh. Supreme Court To Review Ban on Political Spending Washington The Supreme court agreed today to review n low- er court decision which held un- constitutional the Tnft-Hartlcy act's ban on union political expenditures. The Justice department asked the ilgh court to review and overturn ,he decision. The department said Jie act represents the deliberate Judgment of Congress that it Is necessary to curb expenditures in- tended to affect the outcome of fed- eral elections. Judge Ben Moore In U. S. district court here decided the. act violated the constitutional guarantee of free- dom of speech, press and assembly. He threw out charges that the C J.O. and Its president, Philip Murray, violated the act by printing an article In tile C.I.O. News cndorelnff Democratic candidate for Congress Democrat candidate for Congress. Garroatz was elected. The Justice department in ap- pealing Judge Moore's decision to Jie Supreme court contended the constitution gives Congress author- ty "to surround the entire election jroccss with such rules and regula- .lons as It deems necessary to sccuro rco and honest elections."   

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