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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 18, 1948, Winona, Minnesota E ATHER flotulf, Illln ruin. FM IS COMING Be imrn your new radio con 1C Full Leased Wire Newt Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations 'WINONA. MINNESOTA. THURSDAY EVENING. MARCH 18. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-SIX PAGES Congress Split on Draft Revival, U.M.T. I l_ivrA Crucial Soviet Ten Killed As Spokane B-29 Crashes at Tampa Decision Due In 30 Days War-Peace Issue Most Serious Since 1939 llr John M. Miditower -Diplomatic ofTI- clnl.i iiicrwcl today thiil President Truman him flushed n powerful utopllKhl cm Premier Stnlln. Hut wtuit hu.i llirm worried li thin: ap- ply the brnkcs to brlnK Uuwtlft'n eommunlut incufpiwlon In Ktirope to ft ijulrk hull In Moo of possible Mep-i lu build up Amrr- Ictt'n mlllUirv might? Or will ho clccldo to grab while the grubbing I" (h Thrrn Is some four horo that tno Kremlin miiy try tt> step up Itft of- fMiMvo oiHinillniis u humod at- wnpi to tximicl 11.1 control over ono or two morn countries of Wostorn Europe before tho United Sttvloa can President Disclaims Support of 'Wallace And His Communists7 net Critical Month Hence on thn central i.lflUO Of pence or war tho next month may bo the mmt ci'lllciU nlnco tho (tum- mrr ot IflM. Kxnctly n month from today, on April 18, tho are scheduled u> hnld nnilnniil olccllonn In which the parly In miiklntc iin ivii-Mit bid for power. Mornnvrr, ttilit Hi" In which iititl Miiliuul will nrxnllwltiiK over u Hovlet- proponril inllltar.v Hlllnnoo und In wlilrti the KtiMlnim muy miikr ilrmundu they In mlnrt on Norwny. In nil thp.in two btfc quontlon.i Ktund out. lly Jnck Ilrtt ton President Truman took tho political offensive iiKiiliiNt Ilunry Wallace today with Htronu Indlcnllons that ho will open up soon on tho Republicans. Tho President's declaration that ho would profcr defeat to the back- Ins of his cabinet officer marked n quick shift In campaign tactics. It nctod UN n In Iho arm for administration DomocrnW, gloomy Thn nrnl Wlmt morn will thp mukn lo tncel the npw (llplonlnllo of- Thn nrronil! tmtlprwrltP the pro- IfrKin hy more or IBM llin mllllnry jtropodnln hit down or will It (Irrlrtn ttml thin In nn Improper eourmi lor tlie llnltnl On the urcntul question ofnomw privately conrcdo that Mr. Trumnn twk n rink In ndvocutlnK both unlvrrwil military training nnd n t4Tnpornry draft us moiuiured to meet the RUM I an chnlleiiKO. These iidmlnlfitrntion Ipudord con tended thul If hn full.n lo Kot hln propcMnU throuKh Iho fuel will bo jumped on nbronct as ovldonco of n lurK of rent diiptwrt ut homo for Mill now plfiu-Uiiiiln tor- lUit Ktm rvrn mnro trollblpfiomo to cllpioiniitic experts M the Hiato do purtnirnl what ItiV U tliti uncortnlnty over Hppculiillon mny pro- will clo. llnr.t, One is thul HIP tr.it throuKti propaKiindu mniins thplr innorpnec of uny ivKKrosalvo no- tion In Europe, Cnuplocl with this thplr uliuost ccrtiiln claim that the United Ntiilrs IN (lollborntoly try liid: to miiko war on llio bovlol Uuk'h, Annthrr thin SUIIn iii'tiiiilly nmy try to put DIP lirukpx on noinn of tlin CnmrnuiilKl oiilitliln tlin ftuoiliiii niihrrr of Kitnlcrn Ku- but limy lip mmbln lo do no, Urnl DiuiKrr m-erplnry of Htiitc Murnhiill Ifl kiiiiWIi to fci'l Ihiil this u rnul (lull- tlmi Micrrsn df tho corn- iiiuiiist.i in CwrhiKilciviiklii tuny per ouiidr thrir f-nllciik'UPS Iti Ilaly, for Uuil they would also xuo crrcl If thi'.v try hard onoilKh. In the CUSP of Nnrwny. however, ihn l.i directly up lo Iho Kremlin. Tlml Is Ihn Nor- wrKlnn ui'i' not a rrful Kfotip In the coimtryVi political lllr. The IlUMlmin hiivo niiulo no do mnlidn mi Osld iiltlioutdi Ihr Ndrwp Kiuiin rvidrtiily fi'iir tln'V uro In Iho Weather Ai, roitur.'ASTN Winriiiit nnd vicinity Monlly rlrni'lv nnd runUimrd mild tdlilght mill Kridiiy wiih uiTii.ildiml period." of llKht nun, Low 34; high rn-in.v Minnesota: Mostly cloudy nnd wnrmrr tonight. Light snow norlh- nnrt extreme north und shower.i remainder of .itutr tonight, Vrldny nhowi'i'.i und a lltlle coolnr. Wl.icoii.iiM: Mostly cloudy nnd warmer irmiKhl 1'rUlny with itriitlrrpd showers. I.Ot'Al, WKATHKH omciul for Iho 24 cndliiK nt I'J in. lodny: Maximum. 44; minimum, 111; noon 411. prrrliillittlon, trad1; Mill ndK to- lit nun rlwn lomorrow KI.SKWIIKKB Max. Mln. Tree, Itnnldll Mrilni-'i K.UI.-..I-. Miiunl f'liul N.-.V York W.l.vlllllKtlUI 41 411 4fi 117 'jr. Ml HO IU M 77 HI 114 't'-1 T3 .'10 HO .Of .04 .01 .42 411 .0 Tnmpn, Flu. Ten men were killed and four Injured early to- day when a B-20 from tho Spokane, Wash., alrbftso crashed and burned on Inndlnf? nt MncDIll field hero. The four survivors were ad- mitted to tho biuio hospital. Their condillon wns described ns "good." Tho bomber wim coming In for a landing In ft donmi fog whim It hit tlin of Iho runway at Lhii cornnr of tho Held, it reported by Captain Ocorgo G. UynioH, MncDIll field public in- formation olllcer. Wreckage was scattered over n wldo area. Tho plane was attached to the 02nd Bomb Squadron at Spokane. Tho crash occurred at a. m. Tho injured men wore listed as First Lieutenant Roy M. Walsh, be- lieved to have been the pilot; First Lieutenant R. II. Hathaway. Stalf Horgeanl. C. C. Miller and Corporal J, M. Miller, Tholr homo addresses were not Immedlnlely available. Names of Ihe dead were with- held pending notification of next of kin. Gen. Taylor Hurt In 'Chute Drop Over Russ Berlin Uerlln Bi'lgndlor General Tolford Taylor and his wlfo wore Injured today when ho nnd seven other Americans parachuted fromi a CM7 over Berlin's Soviet sector. Tnylor, chief prosecutor of war crimes In Germany, wan brmiRht to a U, S, Army hospital sufTcrlriK from a wronchod back and ulltfht hip. Tho piano' developed engine trou- bin and (ill the passonKors balled out. Tho pilot nnd eo-pllot landed uninjured lit Iho RAF'H Gatow air- port, In tho British of tho city, At. least one passenger besides Taylor was reported Injured n sorftount who wns trontod at a hos- plinl In tho Russlnn Others of tho pftssenfteni also woi'o bolnw soiiKht in Russian-oc- cupied territory. The Taylors wore rcturnlnK to NunronborK, site of Ihe war crimes irlnl, after Taylor conferred hero with amoral Lucius D, Clny, U. 8. military Kovornor, Mnvoral who lundoa In tho lUiiuilnti-occuplod suburb of LlohtonburK rrjporlud thny had been picked up by Russian soldiers and tnkpti to Soviet headquarters. Army aulhorltlcs hold up tho full lint of pnrwiiKf'rs until thuy cntab- llnhod HIP 'uio of Marshall to Discuss Foreign Policy in 2 California Talks Wiuhlnirtoii Secretary of Stiito Mivrshnll left today for Cali- fornia lo iruiko two addresses on Ihn ndmlnlsli'iitloii's now stop-Ru.i- Jin will tomorrow morn- liiK nl Charier day oxm'clsn.i at the University of California In Berkeley. In mo afternoon ho will wpeak at tho University of California at Lo.'i over the Dixie civil rights revolt and the threat of. Wallace's third party presidential race. Applaud Taft New York's Loyal Sons of St. Pat- rick responded with applause and yells when the President went out- side his prepared text last night to toll them bluntly: "I do not want unil I will not-accunt the political support of Henry Wallace and his com' miinlNtx. If Jolnlnn them or pnrmlttlnff tliem to Join me tho price of victory, I recom- mend defeat, "Tlieso urn days of liljfli priced for rvprythliiK- Hut any price for Wallace and his rommunlNtx IK too much for mo to piiy. I'm not buylnp Wallace Reply Wallace, who already has an nounced his plans to reply to Mr. Truman's foreign policy address to Congress with an ABC radio ad- dress at p. m. tonight, declined comment. But n spokesman said Wallace had wired tho four major networks nsk- InR for "equal facilities to those Klvon Harry Truman for his personal and political attack on mo and tho millions of Americans who support our program for peace." Most politicians thought the Pres- Idont'H move marked n deliberate turning point Jn his campaign strategy. They expect him to come up slURKlng soon against the Re- publicans. Silent President Not for long, they predict, will Mr. Truman bo content to remain silent In tho face of such as Ihc ono launched against him by n bloc of house O.O.P. members, They nccuscd tho President of drumming up an International crliiln In his acldrcflfi to Congress yesterday, Mr. Trumau largely has kupt silent after other attacks of this nature. It obviously has been his policy to Ignore these while such proposals tin the Mur.ilial! urn ponding before tho O.O.P.-controlled Con- gress. By classing Wallace's followers as communists, Mr. Truman picked up an Issue the Republicans have been using against both him and his former cabinet member. By this stroke the President renounced what neither he, nor ihc Republic- likely to get in any ans, soom support. The President, who left New York by train for Wa.ihlrtKlon Imincd Coal-Burning Train Service Cut Ordered Inquiry Board Pushes Meat Dispute Probe lly tlin AHHoaiutr.d Here's the national labor scene at a glance: Coal Tho federal government ordered coal-burning passenger train service reduced by one-fourth because of the shutdown of coal mines. The order, Issued under the war- time powers of the Office of Defense Transportation, is effective at mid- night Sunday. The U. S. Bureau of Mines earlier reported coal stocks generally arc ut a dangerously low level. John L, Lewis United Mine Wprkcrs' walkout also began cutting Into steel production. Sheet Tube company shut down n blast furnace at Ohio, to save fuel. Youngstown, Other stool makers arc expected to follow suit soon. More than of U.M.W. .soft coal miners arc Idle in 109 states. The walkout grew from Lewis' demand for monthly pensions from a welfare fund collected from royalties on all coal mined. Meat Meat supplies wore fulling off and higher retail prices appeared likely aw a result of the strike of 100.000 C.I.O. packing house workers, In Chicago President Truman's new board of Inquiry pushed Its Inquiry Into the wage dispute. Shipment of meat animals to market wns far below that of a week ago. Wholesale meat prices continued upward. Retailers reported a sharp Jump In purchases over a week ago as housewives stored up food against the day when none might be available In markets. 3-Week Supply Tho nations meat supply earlier was reported enough to meet the country's avcrngo needs for three weeks. The National Association of Retail Grocers said at present there is "no reason" for panic buying. The packing house workers walked out Tuesday in demand of a 29 cents an hour wage Increase. Some meat Is being produced by A.P.L. union workers who earlier accepted a wage boost of nine cents an hour. Court Order May Be Used to Block Oak Ridge Strike Washington Tru- man may seek a court order to block the threatened strike at an atomic bomb laboratory at Oak Ridge, Tcnn. This was Indicated as the next possible move today after n, fact finding board reported there was little hope for .settling the wage deadlock before midnight Friday. Some 000 A.F.L. productions work- ers have threatened to walk out at thai; time ut. tho plant-laboratory which Curbltlo JSs Cui'bon Chcml- President Harry ruman, e, saes cnn pie' dentlft1 arrant, as he arrives at reviewing stand to witness New York city s annual St. Patrcks d v parade up Fifth avenue. Center Is John J. Shcahan, chairman of parade committee. The Piesl- dSnt arrived by plane from Washington, D. C., after addressing Joint session of Congress. (A.P. Wire- photo.) Goslin Accused of Buck-Passing by Mill City Teachers public school teachers said In a statement today thut schools here arc closed "because of unpardonable and de- liberate-'buck passing' by Superin- tendent Goslin. and the board of education." The statement was signed by Charles E, Boycr, president of the A.F.L. Federation of Men Teachers, and Marsaret B. Tupper, head of the women's union. lutiily after his uddross, told ncws-joiils Corporation took over March mun lit Pennsylvania station thut! from Monsanto Chemical Company, ho had been wantlnK "for u IOIIKJ tlmn" to say what ho did about Senate Opens Debate on Tax Cutting Bill I5y Marvin t. Arrowsmlth Washington Sen- ate Republicans rolled out their income tax-cutting bill for debate today. They predicted easy passage. They snid President Truman's plea for greater military power to protect western Europe from Russia will mvc little or no elfcct on the tax reduction vote. On Unit forecast they were join- ed by Senator George (Ga.l, rnnk- ni< DiMiinCi'iillc member or the Scn- ;il.i! llnancii committee. But Senator Sparkmnn said he believes some Senate mcm- jers may linn up against any tax cut ns ii result of the. President's foreign policy massage. "It would be absolute folly even to think about culling taxes if it turns out that we are going to have to spend or 000.000 for national defense on top of t.he already In the budget for that Spnrkmr.n .old reporters. The House already hns passed a bill to slash taxes Senate Republicans said privately they have hurl assurances thnt, the I-IOIIHI; would accept their 000 bill. Thu purpose of trying to put the Wallace. I'olntors Dexljrnnte throe European nations which President Tru- mun mid, In an ndclrciw to n joint session of Congress, were being mibjoctod to communist pressure by tho Soviet Union and Us agcnis, Tlliiak Hi'iuiH are thoso nations which aro (Ugnlng a 50-year agrce- inrnl for neonomlo cooperation and common defense against, aggivs- Hloti. Blrndwd wens uru Uio Soviet-controlled nations. Wire- photo Map.) A r Gromyko Flails U.N. By Larry Ilauck Russia sccm- grimly determined today to fight on n United Nations Inquiry Into the communist grab of Czech- oslovakia. A decisive East-West clash over Soviet; expansion in Europe Is the prospect. Tlin U. N. Security council yi-slurdity, ovur strenuous Soviet objections, to hear all that can be turned up on tho Czechoslovak crisis. The, decision wns taken against a backdrop of blttei1 name-calling by Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko. Applause for speakers Gromyko's thrusts echoed three times in the packed, usually stuid council cham bcr. Debate Monday The council set next Monday for the start of debate on the case filed last Friday by the government of Chile against Russia, Gromyko called tho Chilean complaint a dirty and slanderous document; hn Na.li! Chile wan n lackey nf Influential foreign circles; nnd he called Dr. Jan Tapanclc, U. N. delegate fired by the new Pruiruc communist regime, n traitor. Twice Gromyko emphasized that One Killed, 100 Injured As Third-Floor Chicago Dance Hall Collapses Chicago Ono woman wns killed nnd more than 100 persons were Injured last nlpht when a large section of a third-floor dance hall collapsed under the weight of about 500 persons attending St. Patrick's day celebration, 1 Twelve of the 02 persons who were treated at six hospitals were re- ported In from serious to critical condition. Several other persons were given first aid treatment at the scene. The danco and -party, attended by men, women and children, was In the top floor of a three-story brick building on North Clark street near the busy Intersection of Clark street and Belmont avenue. It was spon- sored by the Connaught Men's So- cial club. Mother of Four The dead woman, who was re- moved from under the wreckage three hours after the floor caved In, was identified as Mrs, Ann Hunt 35, mother of four children. Two of her children who were with her at the party and dance were not injured. Her body was Identified by her husband, John, 38, an electri- cian. Hundred.'! of the merrymakers were walking off the floor at the end of a dance number when iv InrRc section of the floor collapsed. Scores were hurtled headlong to the second floor. As the floor settled, parts of the false roof caved in. Women and children scream- ed as they were pitched down a slide which was formed by a larRC section in the middle of tho floor. Groups of men formed chains and helped scores of pcr- sons to climb up tho slimline floor. Others tied ropes to chairs and threw them down for those not injured to climb back to the uncollnpscd section of the third floor. Moru than 200 policemen, 30 am- bulancuti and six patrol wagons were rushed to the scene, A crowd es- smnllcr figure across is to wool tlmated by police at Impeded enough Democratic votes to1 override the rescue work and ambulances In- an expected presidential veto. That, chcd their way to the building to requires iv two-thirds margin In remove the injured to hospitals. the Senate and House. There was no explosion or fire. Fire Commissioner Michael J. Cor- rlgan estimated the damage at 000. John R. Jenkins, 55, manager of the building which houses a group of stores and bowling alleys on the first floor and bowling alleys and u pool hull on the second floor, said he was on the dance floor when It collapsed. "The dancers were jumping around und I felt the floor start to lie said. "There wan no explosion, Just a loud crack when Uio floor gave way." CiUifoniin is fnccd with .a crisis. There's been a drastic water power shortage this year nnd it looks as though we're turning Into a Kansas with pulin This dry .season Is being blamed on the Chamber of Commerce. It seems It gave tho weather 1M hours to gut out nf town And It hasn't since. It's ____ they're filling theiycnr. bird baths In tho; -since returned so bad Bob Hope park with beer and the sparrows are now seeing pink worms. This water No Lower Food Prices This Year Foreseen Madison, executive of a national cheese producing com- pany believes there is little likeli- hood of lower prices on food this our total domestic de- shortage Is very serious. Just think of what could happen to us. No rain means no power. No power means no lights No lights and John L. Lewis forces us all into his union. Even the bathtub faucets are bclr.g changed from "hot and cold" to ".'so sand paper." But Florida Is coming to our aid, ho was acting on direct Instructions sending us its rainwater In blotters, from the Kremlin. But he did feel sorry for walk he did two years them. It hasn't rained here In the Iranian case. I since we dropped dry ice on Honest Tho council voted twice to put the case on its official agenda and to give a non-voting scat to Hcr- nun Santa delegate of Chile. Both times Gromyko got only the support of the Soviet Ukraine; the other nine members voted solidly against him. Seven -affirmative votes were needed to adopt the case for consideration. The veto did not upply. swim in seltzer. John's skywriting. Everyone in Hollywood is quite concerned. Especially Esther Wllliaavis. It seems she hates to And Betty Hutton has volunteered to replace the dynamo at Hoover dam. Here's one consolation, though. If you find your drinks watered you know the stuff, must have been im- ported. mand plus an. unknown export de- mand should be high In 1948, there is little likelihood of materially lower prices on foods ns a Will A. Foster, Chicago, declared at an annual meeting of the Wis- consin Dairy Manufacturers' asso- ciation today. Bulletins Berlin German com- munlstx announced today their Intention of replacing the four- power Allied control council with n. "German government." Philadelphia Dr. Ed- ward U. Condon, director of tho National Bureau of Standards, demanded last night that he be permitted lo appear before tho House committee campaigning for an election Aprl 18, finds the speech very interest ing. a spokesman for Christian Democratic Premier Alcldc de Gas peri said. He said the message hel good news lor Europe's democratl countries. Approving comment cnmc fron spokesmen of some of the five coun tries which -signed a 50-year mu tual-dcfensc treaty in Brussels yes terday. The signers were Britain France, Belgium, the Netherland nnd Luxembourg. Mr. Truman nov ed the development in his address A Prague radio commentator sal It wns significant that Mr. Tru man's call for UMT came whil Russia, was demobilising, The So vlet government, decreed Tuesda demobilisation of all but the 21 an 22-year-old classes, but gave no in dication. of how big an army woul remain. In House of Lords debate las night on the armed forces budge Conservative Lord Teynhnm said "Britain is living In the shadow another war which may break ou at any moment." Trend to Give President One of Two Laws ERP Given O.K. by House Foreign Affairs Committee By .Tnrk Hell congrejw split down the middle txxlny on President Truman's plans for shoring up tho mtlon's military strength with uni- versal training nnd revival of the draft. Party labels were lost in tha shuffle ns leaders divided over the wo measures Mr. Truman said esterday are needed to flex the muscles of a country that has be- come "the principal protector of the free world against communism." The upshot .seemed to be a trend toward giving the Presi- dent one but not both of the manpower ralslnR laws. Uni- versal military training looked like sllffhtly the better bet al- though the cards .ire slacked against UMT in the House right now. As a third step to halt the sresslve march of "one n.ition" Russia Mr. Truman also called 'or quick nnd final approval of .lift MurshoJl plan for Suropean Recovery. The Senate already has nasi- cd Its bill. And, within four hours of the President's address to Congress, tlie House foreign af- fairs committee nUunped its okay- on n similar program. Stop Communism Congressional leaders in both mn- or political camps agreed on ono thing they want to do something to stop the spread of communism across not only Europe but the vorld. But there tho agreement stop- ped, Chairman Vandenberc (R-Mlch> of the Senate foreign relations committee said that if this country docs not now have the essentials of lational armed security "we must provide them by the most available mmcdlatc menus." Vandcnberg was sold to view wttlx some favor the President's request for a limited military draft. But apparently Is less inclined toward universal military training. Senator Taft of Ohio, a GOP presidents! candidate, indicated ho may fight the draft, ns well as tho TJMT proposal which he long his opposed. Taft said he regretted that Mr. Truman had not pressed for "real unification of the armed forces" and for the world's biggest air force. Hljt Air Force Tho nlr forrr lilm found wldfl support. Senators Hrewiitrr llussnll (D-Onl, Edwin C. Johnnon. MeCiirnm Urn- stead tD-NC) mid Malone
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