Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 16, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Full Leased Wire Newi Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of V01..UMK -tW. NO. 24 WINONA. MINNESOTA. TUESDAY EVENING. MARCH 16, 19-18 FIVE CENTS PER COPY IS COMING Be uure yonr new radio can receive 1C SIXTEEN PACES Three Small Stockton Children Drown THE ALSOPS Condon Mystery Probed ny Jowph anil Stnwurt Aluop grow" inconipo' HouscGroupShelves Oleo Tax Repeal Tho House, AgrloulUtrn committee voted 1 today to shelve all legislation to re- peal federal taxes on oleomargarine. Ctwlrmiin Hope. (It.-Knn.) said: "This kills legislation to repeal these taxes this ses- sion of What It means Is that tho com- mittee won't send any repeal bills to tho floor whore House members could vote on them. Some members favoring repeal trnco of the handling of tho co agree. lici'o Id tho Commerce department nf'flclally and heatedly denies that it Is responsible for divulging part of the conmnts of the famous letter to the Thomas Investigators, And SO tlfpfi.i K.M.I. Tho for tho K.li.f, Males that U Is Illegal for the IMt.Ii to dlvulgo such Informa- tion. unte.i.i publicly ordered to do no by the aUornry general. And tho Com'mrrcp depnrtrnenl assorts fur- ther that tho Thomas committee linn demanded HIP letter on several occa- sions in tho pant, and was ouch time refused. The Implications are perfectly ob- vious, J-'.lncp thr r.D.I. or tho Com- merce department wrro tho only pos- sible sources for tho letter, one or the other. In disclaiming rospon nlbility, mistaken, Tho error no doubt' unconscious. Tho version of the K.ru. letter made public by tho Thomas committee Is Incomplete. And It varlps In u number of partlcu lurs from tho original letter. This indicates that a Thomas committee sleuth was allowed to read a part of the loiter hastily, or It was road to him, and his notes wore Inaccurate, At any rate, assuming that both tho IMi.I.'and Commerco disclaimers aro perfectly sincere, this munt mean that sdinn person with access to tho confidential files of either tlcm ha.-i divulged part of tho con- tents illegally and without official sanction to u Thomas committee in- vestigator. TtiiTK Is Mi element of fantasy in the whole situation. lc'or It not only mean that tho measured taken to 'protect confidential material In either tho Commerce department or tho K.IU, are ludicrously Inadequate. It nl.ifi that tho loKlwlRllvo branch of (he government Is now Miuagi'd in KpyiiiK on tho cxocullvo brunch, oven to the extent of ob- tnlnliit: secret Information underground methods. through Thern havo been, moreover, other parallel episodes, The. Ineffable Itop resenlutlvr Clai'O Hoffman of Michi- gan discovered rncrntly that his name was UsiMl In a confidential lead flic of the civil service commls slon, and made a tremendous row nbcmt It, Hoffman had, of courso, no dlrpcl access to the flips, llowovcr, certain InvostKtntlvo agenda.1) In eluding tho KH.t. and tho Army upcuruy branch did havo nuch direct neppss.'ft practice now ondpd, Again, this summer ten State department employes wnvo discharged, somo of them 'certainly unjustly, as poten tlallv dlslriyal, .Somo prr.Mon gavo their ntimp.i to thp prr.is. thus com- promlslni: their reputations and prr- romnilssion and Iho 1''.IU. had ac- cess to these names, rjilsorlrt lend to tho con- flusifiii thai individuals In tho exo- rutlvp bnuu-lt. with arrewi to confi- dent la) files eli'M-ly afflicting thn rriiuiatlon.i of it ivcrnment pinplriy- r-s. are uMin: this information either to curry favor with men Ilkn llnff- and ROMS. It Thomas or for other alinnKl IrnpoKslbli) to exuKKcrate the serlou.tnrss of this sort of thing, H Is already difficult to persuade competent men to risk their reputation In Koveriunpnt. Klncn the Condon affair, r.orrm gov- ernment seientlsts, desperately nootl- ed in the national Interest, aro now tulklm: seriously of resigning. Moro- over, the very real necessity for pro- per security measures to deal with In the government is obscured and distorted, to tlui do- of the emiimunlcts. The most Interesting revelation which Itepre- senlatlve Thomas and his chief In- vesUcntor can now makti would not concern the alleged Indiscretion of Condon. It would concern ra- ther how Ihe Thomas committee cumo Into possession of thu l''.il.I, loiter. Indicated, however, they will try to got a bill to tho floor by a discharge petition. This would require signatures of 31ou.no members, Whether thc.ie signatures can bo obtained Is doubt- ful. Tho olco taxes aro; On colored oloo at retail, ten cents n pound; on tho uncolorcd product nt retail, one-fourth cent a pound; a year license on manufac- turers. a year on colored olco whole- salers; a year on wholesalers of tho uncolored product, Under the petition method, a re- peal bill could bo taken from the committee and brought to a House vote. The Capitol hill battle over the taxes has been in part a butter vs. olco fight. Dairy Interests oppose repeal of tho olco taxes.__________ Council Has Two-Fold Plan For Checking Increased Valuations Tly Adolph Urnmcr The city council, which n week IIRO nRi'cocl to chock Wlnona.s property roviiluntlon by compurlnu tho valuations with those In eompnrublo cltlos, now has another plan. It's a two-fold plan, Including: 1. llequratlnfr tho Minnesota department of taxation for a copy of tho report made on tho sample valuation check about a year aifo which resulted In Ihc complete revaluation of the KcfluestlnR City Assessor II. M. Schcrcr for a list of all properties whose valuation been Increased In excess o I ith the view of re-checkinp nt least some of Ihcm, per cent, with the view of re-checkinp made bv Mayor ,_JQtd II (ft umj A uo i v Council President Wllllum Thotircr and City Recorder --------Roy 0. Wildgrubc, Action to request the state de- partment of taxation for a copy of the report of the sample valuation check came from the president. He said ho know of one property which wan valued at in tho fall of 10-10. When tho state department assessors chose this house as one of tho check houses, they valued It at In tho revaluation re- cently completed by Leo-Wright, Fergus Tails, the value is set at Communists Revamp Czech School System Uy A. I. Goldberg 1'raKiio communist controlled government sot out today to revamp tho ittovnK school system with a work or study rule for 15-year-olds. Tho Communist Education Minis- tor Zdonok Nejodly announced the now proKram last nlftht at a party mootlnK In Brno. Ho said religious schools will not be affected. Compulsory Klndcriciirtcn Nejcdly wild there will he compulsory klmlcnriirtcn for children from flvo to six; iv low- er (trude school to the aKO of 11> and a slate school for those up tn 1H. At 18, thoso who can- not puss strict scholarship tests will have to Ifo to work In trades or Industry. Thoso who pass will continue into htfthcr education, tho minister said. Members of his staff said today tht> miosllon of church schools wan not yet touched on In Iho rouRh draft of a new educational law, They said It was "certain" churches would continue to have their own schools and to retaliate religious in- struction In the state schools. Tho future of British, Trench and Soviet Russian schools In Prague was not known. They may continue as private schools, a ministry spoken- man said, or they may bn allowed Id continue under cultural mcnts with other nations. Cleric Quntex Oottwnld In Iho meantime, a cleric with a following of about persons In thn country announced that his church supports tho now novom- ment of Communist Premier Klo- imml Ooltwald, Ho Is Dr. Mlroslav Novak, bishop of tho church, a rmlf-1'rolostant, half-state church In 1020. Weather IT.mlKAL FOrtKCASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and colder tonight: low 18 In tho city. 16 In tho country, Wed- nesday generally fair and rather Official observations for tho 2 liouro ondlng at 12 m, today: Maximum, minimum, III; noon, precipitation, none: sun nets to- night nt nun rises tomorrow at KXTENDED FOUKCAST Minnesota and Wisconsin: Torn- prrntui'PN will avtirago six degrees helow normal north to two clcgrnns lii'Uiw south portion, Little changn Wednesday, warmnr Thursday and Friday, colder Sunday and north portion Saturday. Little change south portion Saturday. Precipita- tion will avorago one tenth Inch or less north to (inn half to three quarters Inch south portion occur- ring iid rain south portion Thursday mid Friday and snow flurries north portion Saturday. Tlttll'tillATUlltiS Max, BrmldJI 42 Chicago Denver Molncs Duluth fntcniatlona! Kiiiidii.s City Miami Mlnneapolls-St New Orleans New York Seattle Phoenix Washington lull 03 47 4-1 40 41 (17 74 Pa ll 42 78 85 JS 08 .32 Mill. PC. 0 30 27 30 28 12 :tr> Winnipeg .........20 30 04 45 3G 37 30 U 3 Seek Sample Check Report "The valuation made by tho state assessors in that check was sup- posed to bo a fair and accurate val- uation. If that is true why is this house valued at more the president nskcd. Ho urged that tho council ask for tho full report on the sample chock, which covered between 50 and 100 miscellaneous properties. Tho report was examined by the council when it took action to order tho revaluation in tho spring of 1047, but no copy was retained by tho city. The suggestion to secure a list of properties whose valuation has been boosted in excess of 25 per cent came when Mayor John Druoy dis- counted tho value of sending tho assossors and himself to comparable cltlcii to make check appraisals, Last week tho council agreed to send Assessor Schcrcr and his deputy. David Saucr. but tho mayor said that requests had been made that lie accompany thorn. 'The mayor docs considerable appraising for banks and lending However, tho mayor contended that such a check appraisal in olhci cities would bo difficult since local material prices and labor costs very greatly and affect what should be tho true valuation of a house, He said that a groat deal of effort would havo to bo expended to ac- quire a full knowledge of local building costs. Consequently, ho suggested that a sample list of properties in Winona bo secured and referred to a com- mlttco of contractors for an esti- mate on their replacement costs. These contractors' estimates would then bo checked against the reval- uation appraisal made by Mr, Wright. Ho noted, however, that although (Continued on 13 Column COUNCIL Soft Coal Walkout Mushrooms Miners Idl; 12 States Affected Pittsburgh The mush- rooming soft coal -walkout today appeared likely to engulf most of the industry within the next 24 hours. Already workers, more than half of the nation's soft coal miners, had laid down their tools In 12 states In support of John L. Lewis' demand for monthly pensions, Almost all members of the United Mine Workers had quit their Jobs In Illinois and large quotas had slopped work In 11 other states. In Washington, U. S. mediation officials were hastily exploring ways to stop the walkout. They were un- decided what to do. The strongest possibility seemed that the govern- ment would try to mediate as long as there seemed hope of a solution, Another Injunction Hvisn should PMuililiiiil 'I'm- inan another injunction against U.M.W. President Lcwl.n, there was Nome question wheth- er the court could find any- tlilns to restrain. Lewis' con- tract, signed by the Industry lust July H, provided only Unit mlncrx should work as long as they ivcro "able and willing." Tho Tart-Hartley act provides machinery for keeping vital indus- tries going in a national emergency but It would lake some time to get Its provision Into action, Meanwhile, the number ol' min- ors Idle continued to swell. In West Virginia, G'l.OOO out of had walked out of the pits. The Wil- liamson field In southern West Vir- ginia, employing was shut down tight. Pennsylvania Miners In Pennsylvania, out of 000 had quit. An operators' spokes- man declared: "This looks llko the last day of operation until the walkout Is over, In Ohio, the number of idle prow to out of and the walk- out appeared to be growing rapidly, Three of the state's largest mines were shut down. Utah, which has 3.GOO miners, saw Its idle jump from 700 to A union spokesman predicted 100 per cent absenteeism by night fall. Kentucky had not work- Ing, Alabama and Virginia whllo Wyoming, Indiana, Tcn- ncsce and Colorado had smaller numbers off the job. Friday Developments The walkouts carne after U.M.W. President Lewis sent letters to his locals last Friday telling them op- erators "have dishonored the wage agreement and defaulted un- der its provisions affecting the wel- fare board." The current mine contract docs not expire until June At Cincinnati, II. K. Mown, president of Appalachian Coals, Inc., estimated the nation's stockpile of coal at 34 days' siip- jily for Industrial consumers, four days for domestic users. MR said some industries proli- linvn up to fin days supply in their bins and that some do- mestic consumers are also well fixed. 145 Out At Swift Plant Here, Peaceful Picketing Under Way Food Price Wars Spread By Sam Dnwson Nrw York Food price wars which made February a lively month In scattered sections around the na- tion inuy pop up noon In ollior npol.it, li'iiflu iiourcoN urn predicting. tiro getting morn plcnll- f ul, that's the long 'and short ol It. Processors arc competing more ac- tively for the market. Chain .stores and Independents arc growling more agresslvcly ub each other and among themselves. Tho 1'ubltc Enthusiasm public showed marked en- thusiasm for the price cuts or last month, They showed Browing dis- interest In foods they thought over- priced. That's the lesson the grocer learned. The competition for the grocery shopper's dollar Is taking on all the At a recent meeting ol' a phar- maceutical group It was estimated that National consumption of as- pirin has quadrupled in the last 20 years. No doubt the increase In headaches has been due to songs, The aspirin In- take doubled with Doats" Tripled with "Bloop Bleep" And quadrupled with "Chibaba Chibaba." When it comes stopping a headache, an aspl- is really a blessing. And with a political cam- paign coming up, ___all the public "Bob Hope need s now is something to stop an cnracbe, I know from flrsl.-hund obser- vation that everyone Is having niiiro headaches these days. For Instance, take Trigger. He wants that "new look" and because of the stccel shortage, he can't have his horse- shoes made three inches longer. Colonna buys aspirin by the bot- tle. It's not that he uses so many: He's Just saving the cotton to make himself a new suit. My Producer at Paramount uses aspirin but In n. peculiar way. Every time they preview one of my pic- tures, he sticks an aspirin under each eyelid so he won't have to sec the screen. Peter Lorre has a big headache. old forms familiar before tho war. Dan Duryea threatens to take his Premiums and contests aro back in title away after all these years of force, New and Improved lines nrelLorrc's being Holly woods undispu- bclng pushed. Dealers arc stressing ted nackaKlng and display. Clerks have s opped snarling ?u Down south the price of sugar wasfrst cut under-the-counter and then openly in price wars and now the newTow price is practically unl- vcrsul there. Sinatra has headaches, but poor Frankle can't do a thing abou hem. He's too weak to lift the aspirin Stalin frequently has headaches but he doesn't take another aspirin to cure it. He takes, another coun- Kcpubllcan-Hcrald photos Workers blame the high cost of living for strike conditions. Meat Workers Go Out on Strike A group of peaceful Winona pickets are about their own meat supply. Below Stanley Adnmesiyk displays the striking slogan Despite mass picketing as a na- tlon-wido meat packing plant work- ers strike went into cllect today, quint and good humor marked the vigil striking workers at tho gales of l.hc Winona Swift <Si Company plant at the east end of Sanborn street. A full quota of I45 meat packers assembled before the gates at u, m. to di'iuv a tight picket line us local 305 C.I.O. obeyed the or- ders laid down by the Jlnul decision of the United Packinghouse Work- ers of America to call a walk-out. Office- workers were allowed to proceed through the gates as the strike affected only the bargaining unit ot employes. Pickets, however, knpt a strict vigil on all cars and retained a full linn of 25 to 30 men on duty throughout the day. "We intend to observe every de- gree ot strike rules and will carry through until the last Wlneskl, president of the local, an- nounced. Maintain Gravity But while striking workers joked and laughed about the strike they maintained a certain gravity and concern about the reaction of lay-, oil from work during a period of! high living prices. Harry Clchosz, 1027 East Wabashai street, with ilve small children said.i "Sure we'll cat, I'll buy a ham for Easter, but I don't know where I'll net it or how long it will last." Of wife's ruactlon to this prob- lem lie remarked, "She just says, if we have to strike, we'll strike, I am with you on In the same vein Wllmcr Braatz, 301 High Forest street, worried, "I have four children nnd don't think this strike doesn't hit me hard. It does. I still have to buy milk you] know." Better off was Joseph Langowski, 270 Stcubcn street, financial secre- tary of the union, who said, "As an engineer I am allowed to work, after nil we have to keep the refrig- eration up, we can't Jet the meat spoil." Frank BernaskI, 713 East San- born street, said, "Speaking for this whole gang, we are striking right straight through and we want every- one to know it." John 212 High For- est street, observed, "This hits me fairly hard but I can take it up until the last minute and I guess my three children will get No Trouble Anticipated Eugene Plctclmll, plant manager of Swift Company said that the first clay's strike had been peaceful and that he did not anticipate any trouble. A report from f.ho Drummond Packing Company at La Crosse in- dleiittfd that no undue excitement or disturbance had boon noted on the picket line and there had been no attempts to get through the picket line. Meanwhile Winona. meat retailers shook Uicir heads and hoped for l.hi- bi'iil whlli! obsc-rvlm? that pork would bo morn plentiful than bwf, lamb or mutton. There Is a sea- sonal high poundage of dressed pork in storage. "Jf all the meat in storage wore available for sah: in the butcher shops, the American public could consume it in a little over three it was reported. Revolt Sweeps Costa Rica San Jose, Costa Rica A desperate Costa Rican government tried today to stem a revolution sweeping the nation. The opposition has virtually isolated tho capital. Seventy-five per cent of San power plants have been blown up and opposition forces said.they were trying to cut the remainder last night. The city's industry Is nt n virtual standstill. A general sit- down strike has been, called 1'or to- day. lines formed at the nation's meat packing plants today as C.I.O. employes wcro called out on strike despite a last-minute effort by President Tru- man to settle the wngc dispute. The work stoppage, affcctinir approximately 140 of the coun- try's major and independent meat plants, is expected to cut in half the nation's meat supply. The strike became effective at a. in. local time, and immedi- ately pickets were posted In several of the cities across the country, in- cluding Chicago, where work- ers are Involved. All of the major packers and scores of independent companies were affected by the strike, ordered last night by tho 27-mau executive committee of the C.I.O. United Packing House Workers of America. However, about other employes in Iho meat plants were expected to remain ut work. They arc members of the Inde- pendent unions and ot the A.FX. Amalgamated Mc.it Cutters union which have nettled their, wage differences with tlio pack- ers. Tho committee, after receiving Mr Truman's tele-gram urging the work stoppage bo delayed while a spccla board of inquiry investigated the dispute, telegraphed the Presides1 the strike must proceed. "A delay of strike action at thl: time would obviously serve no fruit ful purpose in promoting ft solutloi of this wage the commlttc' told President Truman. Mr. Truman had asked the union to continue negotiations until the board reported to him on April 1 Under the procedure proposed by the President the strike would Have been delayed 80 days. As the strike deadline arrived pickets started their march before the 78 indcpcnden and 62 operated by the major com. panics. Swift, Armour. Wilson, Cu- dahy and Morrcll. Thcru was no untoward Incident In- any of the cities from New York to Los An- geles. Spending Ruling to Get Supreme Court Test Bodies Found In Creek By Searchers Two Boys, 5, and Girl, 3, Fall Through Ice Three children drowned In cold waters of Garvln creek at Stockton, Minn., six miles west of Winona today after they had started, a game of walking on the ice. Their bodies were recovered at about p. m, in 20 feet of water four feet from shore about 100 yards from the bridge Uiat spans the creek in the center of the village. The condition of the bodies and the clothing indicated that the trto might, have been in the water for several hours. The children were Donald Schcll, five, son of Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Schcll, Michael Daniels. five, and Margaret Daniels, three, son and daughter of Mr. and Mrs, Vincent Daniels. The body of Michael was found first, Dona'ld's body was discovered shortly afterwards and Margaret was brought from the crrok nt p. m, A crew of 25 searchers found tho bodies of the children although, more than 100 Stockton residents Joined in the search. Grappling Hooks were used to oring the bodies of the children to the surface, A disagreement. In time as to when the children were first missed was reported although a general call for searching aid was not sent until p. m. The children were last seen at 10 a. m. and as concern grew for Ihelr whereabouts more than 100 people were alerted to Join in the .search. It Is believed the three children had been excited by the sprlng-lika temperatures and In a spirit of ad- venture wandered on the ice of tho creek for fun. Part of the search extended into the nearby woods and valleys around the area in the hojie that the chil- dren had not drowned but had wandered away. Suspicion that the children had drowned grew when a cap worn by the Daniels boy was seen floating on the surface of tho water. Appeal for help to locate missing children readied the wi- nonu, Fire Department after the noon hour. Searchers were given a. set of grappling hooks which were used in recovering the bodies of the three children. House Group Asks 4% Agriculture Budget Slash 4.2 per cent cut in the agriculture department's budget for noxt year was urged today by the House Ap- propriations committee. But besides approving SSO.HSl.- 453 in new cosh for the department, the committee recommended for the school lunch pro- gram and in loan au- thority for the Rural Electrifica- tion administration, Soil Conservation The cash outlay Includes to pay farmers for soil con- servation practices this year under the AAA program. The bill also promises a appropria- tion for this purpose next year to cover tho 1D49 crop year. The total okayed by tho committee is S89.105.1S8 below the amount the department was giv- en for the present year. While the cash approved Is ac- tually less than Presi- dent Truman's proposed budget for the department, of the cut is a paper transaction. The bill will come before House for debate late this week. Gov. Rennebohm Urges Good Friday Observance Madison, Wis. bv Wisconsin citizens of Good Fri- day, March 20, and Dental Hcalt.li Week, beginning March 20, was osfc- cd by Governor Rennebohm today. The chief executive asked that public and private businesses sus- pend activities from 12 noon to 3 p. m. on Good Friday to encourage participation in religious services. Uy Norman Walker Washington A icral Judge Ben Moore dismissed an indictment brought under the Washington A fending bim against the C.I.O. court decision holding invalid the 'nd its Pj.esidcnt, Philip Murray. Taft-llartley act ban on union poli- tical spending headed today t.o- ward an early Supremo court re- view. The Justice department said it will appeal directly to the high tribunal "as promptly as possi- Labor union attorneys saw a chance for a final ruling be- fore the Supreme court's sum- mer recess in .Tune. Confident the lower court will be upheld, they said they hope the decision will come in time for unions to RO ahead with 1948 campaign plans. In Ills decision yesterday Fed- Murray had violated the ban de- liberately to provide a quick court test, lie published a signed en- dorsement In Uie unlon-Ilnanced C.I.O. News lost July 14 for Ed- ward Garmatz, Democratic congres- sional candidate from Baltimore. It was published the day before Garmatz was elected, with copies distributed in Baltimore. Moore said the spending ban violates the freedoms of speech, press and assembly and thus is unconstitutional. The judge said there is hardly any way a union can engage in politics without spendlnc some money. He said: Bulletin New United S'ttUti, Ruiwla nnd France aRrwd In principle today that a thrrat to peace exists in Palestine. The measure of jiRTccmcnt reached Is xignlMcant. If the Council finds n threat to peace actually exinU, the U.K. then would be In a posi- tion to use force to restore order in Palestine. Washington Demo- cratic senators decided today to hear President Truman's special message to Congress tomorrow before taking any action on the Republican income tax cutting bill. w Sacramento, ry Wallace will go before Calif- ornia voters as presidential candidate at the June 1 primary.