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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 13, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Fair FM IS COMING irare yonr new radio can recelra 1C Full Leaied Wire Newi Report of The Anociated Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 46. NO. 22 WINONA, MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING. MARCH 1.3. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWELVE PACES ir. THE ALSOPS U.S. Views Unknown To Soviets Joneph Htcwnrt AlNop reason to (nut ttrrrelury or Hluto C, MariihuU'ii romarkabln to tho press wan ucUlruw cd primarily to an audlonco of ono Soviet Dictator Josef Stalin. For nmonK many of Marshall's advl.- there Is a deep conviction that Triil rtanner or war rcstn simply the fact that thn Krrrnltn, cut oil from thn world, Is rrlylnK on whflilly distorted accounts of the, roai MICH- ntlon in the United tHnlc.n. Blatln H n believed, Is therefore untloubt J-dlv underestlmatliiK tho gravity of tho American reaction to Mich M the Czechoslovak coup. "You've to shriek In Stalin s tnr ono ot the mo.it astute foreign In WiuthlnHton remarked recentlv, "That Is tho only way vou will set through to tho Krem- lin." Miirshktl'H Btntement, with twice-repented cmptrnMs on thn urouwd in this country by recent pvent.i. wan certainly In IftVcp part an attempt to shriek in iitalln'n T1IK IlKASOX "wlfv it Is necos nnry to shriek to roiich tho Krem lln> pur Is simple. 11 can bo con violently Illustrated by tho mory of a Wi.nhlnKton newspaper corro- upondent from a nmall neutral coun. in- Some days ho wan able where an American newspaper man would certainly have failed, to miiKr nn pnKiiKoment with a couple of Bovlet diplomats In WiwhlnRton. Thn rtuwilnns arrived Soviet abroad always travel in piilrn, co that oiieh may keep an rvo on the other. Thn cornwpwicl- rnt found them In n cheerful fnimn of mind. Indeed, they al- most Th I nits were obviously BOlnc well, they wild. In nlolcln. The newspaper man ..green that, from the Kovlot point of vlow thlnitK wern no doubt KOlnK well Hut, hn wild, surely tho UUwlann wrrti concerned by thn Arruirlcai reaction" which Secretary Marshall meant when hn uwrt the word "paiutlon-., The newspaper man pointed to tho angry function to thp coup; thn bittcrnewt In every wo- tlon of thn prewt, from oxtrcmo rlKht to extreme left, short only of tho outrlKht communist publi- CBTho 'Ruwlan diplomats brushoc this comment aside, smiling, what thn correspondent called the psy- chological reaction" was Just so much reactionary newnpapor talk The Americans knew that tho bal- ance of power had not really been changed, nnd that was what mat- tered. THEN TIIKV TUHNKD to the American domestic They pointed out thnt It was an election vonr They mentioned tho grow- ing utrentcth of Henry Wallace. Anc with H striking pemiMtoncn, they rnverterl lo the rarli.l tension In tho United nnd mix-dally In th( Mouth. Oddly. UK'.V made much of trm rlection of Kurt brother of lltley Lonll. In thn Kovorttornhll of which had Just UiKtir plnce, IIH a symptom of this pnru- lynlriK rarlnl trimlon. Moreover, thin mental plcturo o n cllMnteitmtltiit United fltaten KOfim- rd lo hi' quite ulna-rely held. Whin the ventured lo ques- tion accuracy, thn diplomat; miof-cl Amerlnin dl.ipiached by tho iiKrney, Tnflft. Thlrt In- H-rrnlliiKly contlrmn exlutlnn evi- dence that Hie Hovlrl forulKU nf- nre di'pt'mln lurgely upon Tass tor iiitorprrti.tltmn of American poll- lies. rriculur- Iv fllf Ifinis inmlywn, many of whlnt urn never putillnliPd In thn HOVlO prrw.. Inlcrci'plH or Iheiin illHpalchni. have ri'priilrdly shown that th< Tii.ii i.nnl.vwit are Illtln morti thai piiriipl.riistvi from tlm New York Dully Worker, hardly a rellntili inler'pri'ter of the American clomen- tic wrnr. TIIK flXI'KKIKNCK "f this COr- N-spondrnl Is only thn most recon straw In the wind among many There In, of course, the wcll-knnwi niory of Soviet Ambassador I'an- viishkln. who, before ho left c-fiw for Washington, ncrlmiNly Im- plird to American Ambuiumtlnr lie- dell Smith that, hn expected Hour} Wallace to win thn election, li several other remit ccnUdCts be- tween American ofllt-lalN and the impresMon has ben borne out I hut the Uuiwlnn ruler.' may be undere.illmat- IHK the real Amerlnin reaction to the Hovlet fxpiuiftlonlst drlvo. The vrry niiturn of thn Sovlo Ideology, which first lays down tho truth, and then demands e.vldonr( to prove this truth, mukrn thin sor of cll-itortloii Inevitable, Typlca thr query of the commutilsl- run I'oll.ih foreign clllrn to a ri'p- renenti.tlve here: "When will tho American depn-xslon Tho ruullniiN dlplciinat for a Hovlat n'ltel- lite must of course reply: "Soon and It, will be terrible." Among must of tho exports, 1 Ix still bt-lleved thnt the Soviet load- ers dr. not want wur. Hut tho cli-a dunner exists that thn Soviets wll blunder Into a Mtuallmi which wll make wur Inevitable, simply by rrii. son of a distorted o.itlmutc of tin mil Amerlcun reaction, UndoulH' edly .Secretary Murshiill had thl. diincrr In mind when lie mudo hi. rrmiirki.blc ati.lrrnent. I'nr Home- how n wuy must bo found to brlrir It. homn to the Soviet, rulers Ilia the United Kiates will rtuhl to pro- vent western Muropo from comliiK under the domination of thn Krem- lin. If thn past Is any Kllldu, tllu is Uio nturk anil (ilrnplo fact. N. W. A. Plane Missing In Alaska Chile Forces U. N. Czech Coup Probe By tarry Hauck Ijike Success Chile's demand for United Nations inves- tlpirttlon of tho communist coup In Czechoslovakia pushed Russia today Into tho rolo of a defendant boforo the world. It also opened tho wny for iUrlnK of conditions In ft t least one rrnrt of Sovlot-domlnntod eastern Europe. MANY SAW THL FOS- tillllMTY OF AN EAST-WEST SHOWDOWN. The security council put the case on its provlstonal ea endar State Senator Henry Larson, Preston, Dead Henry A. Lnmoii rrralon, Minn. Fu- neral iioi'vlcc.1 for State Senator Honry A. Larson, 70, will bo held nt 2 p, m. Tuofldny nt tho 3t, Paul's Lutheran Church on the Hill, Pres- ton, t.lio Ilov. H. J, S, Vorclalo of- flolallng. Ma.ionlc will bo held nt tho grave In Crown Hill ccmc- lory. The body will arrive In Winona from Tulwi, on a Milwaukee train Sunday riftc'rnoon. Senator Larson died Friday at p. m. at Illllcrciit Memorial hospital, Tul.ia, Okln., where ho had been con- fined since Buffering a severe heart attack early this month. Ho and Mm, Larson had gone to Tiilda to visit Mr. and Mrs. James D, Frawley. In Stale Senate Since 1920 Senator Larson had represented Flllmoro and Houston counties In the- Mlnnosota- continuously olnco 1020. Ho was In tho middle of hlo sixth four-year term, and was chairman of tho banks and banking commitleo of tho senate, u post to which ho was appointed during hl.t first year In tho legis- lature. Ho waK uliio n. member of the olocUonM, finance and public wnyn committed of thn ncnato and WHH prc.tldent pro lemporu of the 11KII) KCIIIltO WMBlOll, liorn on a farm In Preston town- ship of Flllmoro county Juno 27, lirn, Senator Larson received lib education In tho country nohool and lltn hlKh HOhrxjl at Lanimboro and h.tor at tho Norihern Indiana Nor- miil school and the University of Minnesota. Kiirrnnr Klllniurn County Tenclicr ti.UKht Mhool In Fillmorn county for two and H hair, iini'viitl tut In PruHton town- Milp for Hoveral and in 1002 hn WIIB olocted to tho office of tho olnrk of tho district court of Flll- inoi'o county. Ho continued IIH clerk until inio. Thou bCKim tho study of law. which culmlnatod In hl.s admission to tlui bar In 1010. Ho entered a partnership with tho Into John W, lloiip, which continued until Mr. llopp's death. Then Senator Larson was a one In thn law offleo until the fall or when Philip Gartner was taken Into tho partnership. That partner- shlp continued until January 1, 1047 when Senator Larson retired. Ho is survived by hl.s wife, the former Frances Droclorlck of Pres- ton whom ho married In 1000; a niece Mrs, Frawlcy, Iho former Bctlo Gartner: a brother, C. A, Larson, Minneapolis, an employe of the Min- nesota highway department; a sister, Mrs, Carl Pcclcrson, Doonc, Iowa, and other nieces and nephews. 4 File for Austin Mayoral Post Austin. wore iijinlirod for all lop po.iUi when minus closed la.it nlKht for Austin's muni- cipal primary election March 23. Muyor T, n, Uockno will have three O. Roflson, Hid Smith and Allen E, Dec, Throe, mnn also filed against Wll- llum EnrlKht, present aUUtrman-at- lut'Ku They aro Oliver J. Nasby, KrlltiK W. Runqulst, and Arnold Greene. There were five minus for alder- man In Iho first ward, five in the Micontt, and nine In the third. Each ward has two aldermen, 12 Catholic Nuns Believed Held by Reds Tho U. S. con- Vlclela In Santiago. This apparently was to forestall any charges that the move was dictated by the Unit- ed Slates, The Palestine problem remained unsolved. Another big-power session in New York yesterday produced no solution on how to divide tho Holy Land Into Jewish and Arab na- tions In the face of Arab opposition. Tho four powers Britain Htlll maintaining n boycott set an- other mooting for Monday, Just four hours before they aro scheduled to report back to tho Security coun- cil. Tho council gave tho major counlrlns ten days to roach an agreement ufter tho council Itself could not decide what to do about n, request from the Palestine commis- sion for International armed force! for next Wednesday. The Russians then must meet the Chilean allega- tions that the methods of Germany are being used by "a member state against another mem- ber state" and that "the extent and magnitude of tho plans of thn stand revealed. This IVUH the first time 1ms been called directly to account xlnce the Iranian case in early 194G. The feeling here was that the cur- rent case presumes a test between and the Western powcrw over expansion of Soviet Influence, U. S. Refrains Tho United States delegation cautiously refrained from early com- ment, However, on the basis of re- cent statements by President Tru- man and Secretary of State George C, Marshall, strongest American support for the Chilean case could 30 expected. In filing the case yesterday, Chil- ean delegate Hernan Santa Crux emphasized that he had not dis- cussed tho plan in advance with any other delegate under .strict orders from President Gabriel Gonzalez E. R. P. Fund Slash Plan Defeated Way Cleared for Quick Approval of Aid Program Washington The Senate raced toward final action today on the European Recovery program af- ter defeating a major drive 'to slash its first-year funds. By n 50 to 31 vote last night it blunted aside a determined effort led by Senator Taft chairman of the Senate Republican policy committee, to shave off the Mar- shall plan figures. Senator Connally one or the program's chief sponsors In Congress, predicted its overwhelm- ing passage by tonight. The bill is designed to speed funds to 16 west- ern European nations to bolster them ngainst communism. Elated backers said the resound- ing defeat suffered by Taft's fund- cutting proposal Insured Senate approval of the bill without major changes. "We'll pass it by a bigger vote than we had against the Taft Connally told report- ers. That would be a victory for Se- nator Vandenberg chair- man of the Senate foreign rela- tions committc and chief Capitol Hill exponent of the bipartisan for- eign policy. Vandenberg stood his ground firmly as Taft led 22 other Repub- licans and eight Democrats in a This Trio Piloted the Northwest Airlines DC-4 passenger plane "Ported missing in The Republican-Herald.) _ 34 Benes Weeps at Masaryk Bier; Gottwald Lashes at Critics Prague Jan Masaryk received the last rites of state today as President Eduard Bones wept at his bier. In Se vaulted pantheon of the National Museum, draped In black Coromimlst PremierCement OottwaJd made the main funeral oration, critics of Masaryk In the West and Indi- mold. this republic, dried his eyes as a Lewis Hurls Soft Coal Strike Threat By Harold W. Ward WuHhlnjrton John L. Lewis hurled an Implied threat of a soft coal strike at the government and mine owners tadny, then waited for roll call assault to batter the fund something to down to Thn Michi- gan ncnalor carried 23 other Re- publicans and 32 Democrats with him. The vote by which the Senate rejected the Taft proposal included: Minnesota for tho proposal: Ball; against: Thyo. Wlsconnln. For: McCarthy; against: Wlloy. Once past tho Senate the recovery bill faces further action by the House. KIUII iur jiiiumuuuimi tuuivu luigui to put through tho split-up Tho PrnRuo radio described All1 day as an "impertinent provocation" dale for action on all foreign uld Oily 11.1 111! IHI JUl UI1CUU JJIUVUtuwuu I. the request by Ch.le for a United. SStaSSfwhSh' aro expected to provide a new test of communist strength in Europe. Meanwhile, the State department announced Is has started "Informal" talks with representatives of the 16 Western European nations on ways to speed delivery of American goods the moment Congress gives the go- ahead signal. Nations Security Council Investi- gation of recent events In Czech- oslovakia. The broadcast said "Chilean Fas- cists" broke off Diplomatic rela- tions last year with Czechoslovakia without reason and added that "only the security of traitors has been threatened by the February events." King to Run For U. S. Senate St. Auditor Staf- ford said today "I propose to bo a candidate for tho United States Ho made tho statement when asked to comment on a report from Mankato. This quoted Harry Klunv. of Cleveland, Minn., second district Republican chairman, as saying he had been advised King would defin- itely be a candidate. King's entrance Into tho campaign will pit him against Sunator Joo H. Ball in tho Republican primary. He declined today to amplify his brief statement. Bullet Removed From Heart 3 Years Late Manila A Filipino soldier today had a bullet removed from his heart three years after ho was .shot by Japanese .snlpur.s In the mop-up campaign of Manila. Tho .soldier originally was treated Byrd Believes Tax Veto Can Be Overridden By Marvin I, Arrowsmlth Washington Senator Byrd said today ho believes Congress could override any presi- dential veto of a Senate bill to cut income taxes However, he added: "I would bo rnthor doubtful about chances for overriding on anything bigger than the Senate figure." The Virginian, a member of the tax-writing Senate finance commit- tee, told a reporter he Is hopeful HOUHO will accept tho Senate flKliro when the two chambers iron out differences between their bills. Tho House last month passed a bill to slash taxes The Senate Is scheduled to start debat- ing Its measure cai-Iy next week. Republican leaders hope to get a final Senate vote by the by U. S. Army surgeons, end on the bill drafted by he complained of pains in the chest; the finance committee. and a fluroscope revealed a ,25- callbcr bullet In the lower part of the heart sac. The operation was the first suc- cessful one of its kind in the Phil- ippines, Representative Knutson (R.- Mlnn.) chairman of the House ways and moans committee, said yesterday he believes the differences between the Senate and House measure can be settled. sul Ktnrral In Tientsin appealed by radio to tho communLitn today to arrange for tho withdrawal of 12 Catholic nuns believed hold by the Kocls 00 milcH southwest or Tient- sin. House Battle Due on Plan Giving Local Boards Rent Control Powers Washington A House battle shaped up today on a plan to Rlvc local boards full power to raise rents or lift rent ceilings. The Houso banking committee voted 12 to 8 late yesterday to strip federal officials of major authority over rents and transfer the decision-making power to local boards named by state gov- Tho United Mini: Workers chief declared In a letter to Uio union's members that their employ- ers in the past eight months "have dishonored the 19-17 .wage agreement and defaulted under its provisions affecting the welfare! fund." Thnt contract, .signed last July n, pledged the miners .stay on the Job as long as they are "able and willing." Lewis told a news confer- ence yesterday he did not know how much longer they'll be Agreement Ends June 30 The runs until June be ended by cither miners or operators on 30 days notice. The flery mine leader did not say flatly that his miners will stop work. Instead, he asked the public to per- suade the "millionaire coal oper- ators" to break a deadlock over how the welfare fund is to be used. Money for the fund is raised by a ten cent royalty on each ton of coal produced. Operators say Lewis wants a monthly pension for every miner over 60 who has been In the pits at least 20 years. That, they argue, would raise coal prices 40 cents a ton. Fantaxtlc, Says Lewis snapped Lewis. The fund alone is big enough for It, he said. eulogy by another government of- ficial recalled episodes of Jan Mas- aryk's life. The president stood with head bowed into the fur collar of his overcoat. He seemed to be trying to maintain his composure. Then the lights went down a children's choir sang the favorite folk of Czechoslovakia1! first president, Thomas G. Maaaryk. Bcncs broke into tears. The president mopped Ills face and month with a handkerchief. Ho rubbed with flnpers. The mine owners, 'continue gleefully to crnors. After writing this provision In the Senate-approved rent bill, the com- mlttco approved tho measure 13 to three, Tho bill would continue the modified controls until March 31, 1D49. The House will debate it Monday, with a showdown vote due Tuesday, Representative Monroney CD.- Okla.) questioned tho constitution- ality of the proposal to center virtu- ally unlimited powers on local boards. Tho Oklahoman added that the amendment would "knock an awful holo In uffucllvo rent control." He said he will ask tno House lo restore the Senate provision con- tlnuliiK tho federal rent administra- tor's powers to decide whether local boards arc Justified in asking rent Increases or decontrol of an area. The "local board" amendment was reported to have been approved at the closed-door banking cornrmttecc session on party supporting it and Democrats oppos- ing. Representative Spcnco mild violate the contract, and count each day a suc- cess when they can prevent cxpc.ndi- turc of UilH rnoiiry (IcHigncd to al- Icvliitu human misery In tlin noil) Industry." But George F. Campbell, president of the Illinois Coal Operators asso- ciation, reported In Chicago: "Wo don't think we've violated any obligations. The fund Is there. It is simply a matter that should be worked out by the The fund is administered by a three-man board. Lewis is the union member and Ezra, Van Horn of Cleveland represents the operators. The third and neutral trustee, Thomas E. Murray, resigned in January with a blast at both sides. by Bob Hope Hollywood The old professor, Kay Kyscr, was honored the other day on his tenth anniversary In radio. I can understand why radio was willing to do this. They should be grateful. If It was- n't for us ten year boys they .couldn't afford to keep the classy programs on the air. But I was glad to sec Kny recog- nized, as his car- eer is sort of a Horatio Algcrwllh n tobacco auction- eer on the side. Kay started in ___ my home town, !Cleveland, in a chop suey joint. He It was Benes' first public appear- ance since the government crisis began in Czechoslovakia Febru- ary 21. Bcncs at Pantheon Dr. Bcncs reached the pantheon of thn National Museum at 0 a. m. (Central Standard Time) and a. few seconds later the funeral began. From early morning thousands of persons had gathered around the National Museum and Parliament, nnd had crowded the side streets of Prague's central square. Yesterday more than persons had filed past Masaryk's bier, Communist Premier Klement Gottwald spoke at the funeral serv- ices. Gottwald blamed criticism from the west for the death of the Czech statesman, who died Wed- nesday after plunging from his of- fice window and was officially re- corded a suicide, "I can prove that Jan Masaryk clearly and without compromise agreed with the action program of the new government and already started to fulfill this program with- in his sphere of Gott- wald said. "I can prove that Masaryk, who deckled to go with the people, when he stood on the crossroads of our nation's fate, meant what he said." Thousands Gather Hundreds of thousands of people were gathered under leaden skies ..''for the state and military rites ar- ranged by the communist govern- ment. From early morning they trudged toward the National Mu- _ clerks, shopkeepers, mer- chants, laborers, horny handed senior banking Democrat, described the bill as "very weak" because "it affords tenants very little protec- tion." Federal officials said rent controls now affect about dwelling __ units housing about plo. Cleveland, in i These aro other provisions of thelwns the bus boy in charge soy bill approved by the House commit-isaucc. 11 Then he got promoted. He used to steam open the fortune cookies to make sure the fortunes didn't have any bad words in them. From there it was only a short jump to a big career on radio. In spite of all his years in radio, Kay never forgot that he was a southern gentleman Southern gentleman That's a hill billy with money. There are some who would imply that Kay had turned out to be a professional southerner since they threw him off the Freedom train the other day. Seems he wrote "You All" 'on the bottom of the Declara- tion of. Independence. tec: 1. Rents could be increased 15 per cent where tenants and landlords agreed on a lease through 1940. 2. Tenants who agreed to a 15 per cent hike under the 1947 law could not be charged anoth- er increase during the life of the now law. 3. The federal administrator Is specifically directed to relievo landlords who can prove they nre suffering hardships. The Senate measure, however, would require rent hikes only where landlords could show they are losing money. peasants from the country, They bought out the flowersnops for blossoms to throw at the cais- son bearing Masaryk's body there from tho foreign oHIoc. They piled wreaths at the blor. They snap- ped up memorial and memorial stamps. "Look at said ono womin In tho crowd, pointing to the com- munists. "They do not even have cnoiiKli decency to stay at home those hypocrites. They have come to sneer at their victims." Gottwald told the mourners the U. S. Should'Act' Against Soviet Expansion-Byrnes Charleston, S. C. James F. Byrnes, former secretary of state, said today the United States should not Just protest, II Russia threatens tho Independence of Greece, Turkey, Italy or France. A new warning against "coercive" Soviet expansion should be served on Moscow now, he said. And to back it up, Byrnes said this country should promptly revive Its wartime draft. Byrnes stressed In
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