Tuesday, March 9, 1948

Winona Republican Herald

Location: Winona, Minnesota

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 9, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER rolil Innllhll not cold, IS COMING Be your new radio can U. Full Wire Newt Report of The Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 48, NO. 18 WINONA. MINNESOTA. TUESDAY EVENING. MARCH 9, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES THE ALSOPS Miseries or Truman Are Multiplying JcMrph unit Slnwarl ANop Wwihlnirton Tho ml.icrliiH o Jtnrry K, Tnimnn nro becoming no numerous trmt It Is Inhuman to report thrm. Nonetheless. It is nn innvltnbly significant politico thfit the I'rrslcltmt hns more mtwry In ntoro for him when In grrutpst sntraps of Iho Democratic purtv KHthur In Washington Murel Jl. Thin Is Urn ditto o( Iho mnotlng of tho executive conimlttco of thi Democratic national eotnmlttco Several of hiwo al ready 1ft It bo known thnt tho> will the opportunity to tel the President R few homo truths opinion Unit homo-truth telling Is needful nrlsos from th change In the man Truman, which the also complain of, Inlti nlly, Trumun scorned actually tho Immense burclon tha hud been laid upon him. Thcr followed ft period when ho dimply nnd rather admirably resolved to bear the burden as bent he coult letting thn fall where they rnlKht. Tho results of this approach to duties wore good. Thoso gooc results were In turn gratifying, nn now the witraps complain that thi President Is suffering from a bn< ewe of prosldonlltis. NOT1HNO IS MOHR difficult t ponetrntr tlmn the obHcurlty whitf UifwKubly mirrounds Iho porsonullt und slulti of rnlnd of a president It does to bo true, howovoi thnt tho President has mot hi recent misfortunes, his run of ba luck and his chickens coming horn to roost with (v ourlouii mixture o complacency and sense of bcln unjustly persecuted. Ho Is no long ft so onger to bo advised ns In th past. Ho Is not oven nwaro how desperate his political situation Is Indeed ho has no one to toll him how bud things nrc, .for tho voice of the few really competent me: continuing occosa to the Whit Mouse dnily drowned by th Jollity of Drlgadle General Vaughnn and the smootr reassurances of the pursy Dr. Stool mnn. Tho first stntjo of the satrap' reaction to this situation will bo t beat tho President over tho hoft the grim facts. It may bo ex jyctecl they will toll him ho hn nlmost Irretrievably lost tho South (There Is R faint hopo thnt th Southernero may bo woood bnc by naming n southern vice-pros! dent and reusing tho IM4 ov rights plunk In tho 1048 convontlo platform. But oven this hopo 1 too dim to bo voiced with ret enthusiasm.) What is almost worso tho sntraps will also tell tho Presl dent that ho Is losing tho mas. vote In North ami that nothln can win this voto back except stron leadership. THK mFMCULTY Is that toll ing the President largo numbers p home truths like those, oven 1 tho loudest Mid most monacln possible voice, will nolthor alter th man nor simplify his problem. A this juncture, In tho opinion of tn most competent Democratic strato Kists, thorn Is really nothing muc that President can do to ro store himself, Tho real price of th Southerners Is tho removal of Tru man from tho honcl of tho tlcko Tho only rrnl means of rcgnlnln Northern mass support. In prcson circumstances, Is actually to pu through tho social and other mcas urrs which tho President has acl vocatod. And ho would have t jail most of tho Confess to pn.i thcso meiisurrs. The strutrKlsts closo to tho Whit House count on tho Inovltabl worsening of tho foreign sttuatto to bring thrlr man back. But th more impartial Democrats are eve unable to see hopo In this grim remedy, "Truman Isn't Iho kind man." one of them admitted blttni_ ly tho other day. "that poop, think they've got to keop In offlc Just because there's a If all this Is so, moreover, It I necewiary to look forward to another stngo In tho reaction of th jreat Democratic sntraps. The maclo Truman, and ho has no used the presidency In such a wa AS to prevent them from un-mak Ing him. On a recent trip aroun tho country, ono of tho President closest political advisers was shock rd to discover how many part lenders wistfully speculated o whether Truman might not bo In (turret to stop aside In favor General Elsenhower. Tor tho pros rnt, nf course, this Is n mlraRo, Bi for the future It will certainly huv meaning. IT IiOKH NOT MKAN, of cours that General Klsonhowcr Is ar nioro likely to want to run us Democrat than us a Ropubllcar Nor does It mean that Iho Prus dent will actually bo replaced i tho head of his party's ticket I tho election. It Is simply a sign i very bad further trouble ahcai The southern governors nro mcol ing immediately after tho Kd Ko lys. Frank Mel tales, Kd Flynns i lit gather in Washington for th satraps' rally. It Is almost Inovii ubio that the satraps' best offor will not disclose iv formula sho: of side-tracking Truman for bring Ing the South Into lino again. Th real trouble will start at tho Oov ernors' mooting, when tho south rrn rebellion Is qulto likely to bo comu .formal uncl official. Stassen_Sweeps First N. H. Town Deluge of Suits to Protest ReligionBan High Court Bars Religion In Schools Champaign. 111., Atheist Mother's Complaint Upheld By Paul M. YoHt Wanhlnxton Eight Supremo court Junllcim agron that rullKloun mny not uno American public schools to teach their beliefs. But in voicing their decision ycs- tordny they disagreed among thcm- oelvcs to exactly how much ground their ruling will cover. Justice Black, author of the ma- jority opinion, upheld an atheist complaint that religious education clauses held in Cham- paign, 111.. HchoolH violate tho con- Htttutlonat requirements for separa- tion of church and state. Only Justice Reed dissented. "Tho first amendment (to the Blnck sftld, "rests upon tho prcmlBo that both religion nnd government can best work to vchlovo tholr lofty aims if each Is uft froo from tho othur. Tho imendment him erected n wall bo- :wnon tho church nnd tho state which must bo kept high and im- ?rcgnnblc." Mrs. Vashtl McCollum, who brought tho original suit against Iho Champaign school board, said tho decision has "safeguarded our school flystem from sectarian domi- nation." Boy Tmbarriuwed A golf-styled atheist, sho hnd complained thnt her eldest son, James Terry, now 12, was "embar- rassed" because ho was tho only one in his class who did not take reli- ouA instruction. Under tho Champaign plan a lo- cnl council representing Protestant, Catholic and Jewish faiths pre- sented religious education classes onco a week in tho public schools. Attendance was voluntary and only with parents' permission, the school board explained. It snld thcro was Russian-Marked Plane Fires at Chennault Craft Shanghai Two P-30 fighter marked with the Red Star no extra cost to taxpayers. John L. Franklin, attorney for tho Champaign school board, said the high court, by its decision, has "enacted rnto Inw its philosophy that religion should bo quarantined to tho homo and tho church." "I do not bcllovo that this deci- sion will live In our he said. This view was echoed by Repre- sentative Landls who said: 'I'm in favor of religious education In schools. It will not hurt any- body. Wo may need a constitutional amendment to clarify tho situa- Chief Justice Vlnson and Justices Douglas. Murphy, Jackson, Frank- furter, nutlodgo and Burton agreed with Black. But Jackson and Frankfurter wrote (lopnrato opinions disagreeing commercial airliner yesterday, flr- ng their machine guns but appar- ently not trying to hit it, airline officials said today. If they had been trylni? to shoot down the slow transport thny couldn't have missed, Pilot L. B. Buol reported. The transport, one of the planes owned by Major General Claire L. Chennault's commercial airline, was carrying 32 refugees from Mukden, Manchuria. Whiting Wlllaucr of the airline staff reported the incident. He said Pilot Buol, ex-marine filer from Stockton. took photographs at closo rango which confirmed the Red Star markings on the fighters. Chcnnnult's airline, which is evacuating persons from com- munist-encircled Mukden, temporar- ily suspended flights after tho in- cident but later resumed operations over a different route. with somo of Black's views, Frankfurter snld thcro may be other plans of cooperation between school and religious groups which (Continued on Pace 4. Column 1) SUPREME COURT Bulleti ins House ioiluy voted Its un-Amcrlcan activities committee nn addi- tional to npnml during thn rout of thin ycur, Thn ac- tion In flnnl and does not re- quire Senate approval. Canberra, Australia Immigration Minister Arthur Cnrwell announced todny Japa- noNO brides of Australian dlnrN or civilians will not lie permitted to on lor Australia. lie uliio banned children of such unions. Nuernberg, Germany Two high officials of tho Ameri- can war crimes prosecution uluff returned to Nuernberg wifely today after 27 hours In the ounlody of armed 'Russian Koldlorii wllhln the Sovlct-oc- ouplod of Germany. Tho two nro Howard II. Russell, Bal- timore, Md., ohlcf of tho admln- intnillvn division, and Virgil Van Street of Katonsvlllr, Md.. member of the I. G. Farbcn lironeoutlon staff. New York Customs who ftclxcd morphine thny vitluo at approximately retail aboard n ship docking from Kuropo, sny they lidlcvr thry hnvo broken up "thn Havre Internittlona! dope Revaluation of City Property Studied by Aldermen, Check to Be Made of Comparable Cities protests from real estate taxpayers, decided Monday night to send tics" in Minnesota for sample checks of the revaluation competed urc that the year-long revaluation has resulted In an equalization, tho to other tar checking W.nona aiand- want to make sure as intended, not a general raise on in for the ing." trs creases on between and of tho city parcels of property. That estimate on the number of or.e out two- Is the city assessor's own. All no- tices have not yet been mailed. No Notices of Decreases He was careful to point out to the council last night that he is not mailing notices out on minor ol RuHHlu miwlo fivo pasw.s at a adjustments Youngdahl Asks Votes for Stassen At Menomonie Menoroonlc, Ws. If publlcans want to elect n president In November, they must nominate Harold E. Stassen In June. This was the campaign cry here last night of Minnesota's Governor Luther Youngdahl, addressing an audience of more than 800 in the auditorium of Stout Institute. Youngduhl called his predecessor in the Minnesota gubernatorial chair "n winner and man of destiny." His speech came at a young Republican Neither Is he mulling notices on dcci'eascH In valuation, and he said that there are "quite a few of those." Mailing of the notices began early In February shortly before the spe- cial assessor hired by the city about a year ago completed the revalua- tion. This assessor, Leo Wright, Fergus Falls, left the city February 20 to begin a similar revaluation at Stllhvater. It was unfortunate, Council Pres- ident William Theurer noted at last night's meeting, thnt Wright had not made a report to the council before leaving. When he was hired about a year ago on recommenda- tion of the Minnesota tax com- missioner, the president continued, it was the council's "understanding that he would make a report on completion of the revaluation. He recalled that in February, 1947, the deputy state tax commissioner, R V. Powers, had told the council that the revaluation "might result in a ten per cent increase." Theurer asked the city assessor if the over- all increase had stayed within that percentage. The city assessor replied that it had probably gone beyond that, Go on Books May 1 President Theurer noted, too, that the council has no direct Jurisdic- tion over the values in the nt thnt it had hired Wright. "As matters stand snld he, "tho values would go on the books as of May 1 and our only Western Nations Of Europe Plan Military Pact Brussels, Bclg-Ium Dele- gates from five western European nullon.M meet toclny to hummer out final clauses of a proposed eco- nomic-military pact for union against communist expansion, Officials from Britain, France, Belgium, the Ncthei-lancls and Lux- embourg forecast a speedy agree- ment on economic Issues. They ex- pressed hope the economic phases of tho pact would be ready to sign by the end of the week. French Delegate Roland de Mar- gerle declined comment on reports that the five' power "western union" would seek to have its defensive stature backed by the military might of the United States. Hugh Mallard, American charge d'affaires here, said tho IT. S. was standing aside from negotiations among the five nations. Instructions on economic clauses in the treaty, which the conferees passed over in their earlier meet- ings arrived here from London and Paris for the British and French delegations during the night. This Is expected to permit the conference delegates to make great- er headway in today's session on the five or six articles remaining on their agenda. Officials predicted the meetings would close Wednes- day night or Thursday. Tills would permit the five for- eign ministers to sign the pact be- fore the opening of the Paris meet- ing of the 1G Marshall plan coun- tries Monday. A customs union is an agree- Truman and MacArthur Enter Races G.O.P. Fight for Nomination Wide Open General Mac- Arthur bid openly for top place tho Republican ticket today, even as President, Truman fore- closed his mortgage on tho Demo- cratic nomination. The two announcements only hours apart in Tokyo and Wash- ington far overshadowed today's New Hampshire primary, the first actual voting for delegates to the national party conventions in Phil- adelphia. MacArthur's message saying he Is available but will not actively seek the presidency caught profes- sional G.O.P. politicians by sur- prise. It put the 68-year-old five-star general in, the positive candidate class, along with Governor Thomas E Dewey of New York, Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio, former Governor Harold E. Stassen of Minnesota and Governor Earl War- ren of California. The supreme Allied commander in Japan named no party in his announcement that he would ac- cept "any public duty to which I might be called by the American people." But his statement took note of the fact that his name has been entered In the Wisconsin Repub- lican primary next month. Also, only ten days ago, the general sent a message to G.O.P. headquarters in which he said: "The Republican party has never deviated from the proposition that all political power resides in the people." In his announcement last night, MacArthur said: "I have been Informed thnt petitions have been filed In Madison signed by many of my fellow citizens of Wisconsin, presenting my name to tho electorate for consideration at direct contact would be at the ol two or more countries for of equalization in July." (Sitting on that board of equali- zation are tho mayor, the council president nnd the city recorder. They can make changes in the valuations. Later the state must approve tho valuations, too. Taxes on these valuations would be paid starting next January 1.) Mayor John Druey produced a story from the February 27, 1947, nuly designer to for edition of The Republican-Herald Stamen at the Wisconsin president-jannouncing the lal prcrcrcnco election April 6, "A victorious Young- dalil told the assorted audience of students and townspeople, "must in- spire the Independent voters of tlic nation. And public opinion polls' show that Stassen Is the only Re- publican candidate who can do that. Tho pollii show aba that Sltussen steadily Ruining uLreiiKih." World Racing Toward War, De Valcra Says New York Eamon do Vnlcra says the United Nations "doesn't amount to very much" and ho thinks the world is "racing toward a third world war." The former prime minister of Eire said :it a news conference yesterday, "I think that the League of Nations showed more promise at times than the Unit- ed Nations has at any time." Ho said he xw.it lllllo hope for success of tho U.N. "Unless cer- tain nations cooperate in work- ing toward peace." DC Valcra, whoso nation has not honii admitted to the U.N., oncu Nvrvcd us president of thn iiKNemlily. Tim New York-born Irish Iradcr arrived yesterday by plunc for :i tour of several American cities. The mayor read from the story: "In voting to hire Mr. Wright last night councilmcn were careful to point out that tlicy are aiming at an equalization of the taxes. Typi- cal reaction was that of President John W. Dugan. Said he, 'Our in- tention is an equalization, not to ?lve a general raise. Some prop- erty owners will probabSy MOD their (Continued on Pace 5, Column 4) REVALUATION Tsingtao Ammunition Dump Blows Up, 250 Casualties Shanghai A Chinese ammunition dump exploded at Tilngtao today, leveling a city Mock nnd causing 250 casualties. An estimated 100 were killed. U. S. Navy sources here said thn explosion occurred Just bo- fore noon, within half a mile ot where tho U.S.S. Cstcs, V flagship of the American wcst- crg (R.-Mlch.) If a second choice >ccamo necessary later. Clear, crisp weather assures heavy vote to the nation's flrst test at the ballot box In the 1948 cam- paign. It was estimated up to 55.00O voters would turn out. It's a Republican show as Presi- dent Truman is unopposed In the Democratic primary for hla endorsement. Governor Thomas E. Dewey or New York and former Governor Stnsscn of Minnesota arc the only Republican candidates with full del- egates slates in the field. Only eight delegates we both Dcwcy and SUussea lave been waging aggressive cam- paigns to capture them. With the Wisconsin primary only L month away, they see a posslbU- ty of giving their campaigns a psychological lift by melting a good ibowing here. Both Dewcy and Stassen face challenge in Wisconsin from Gen- eral Douglas MacArthur. gone on pact. The majority of Finland's political parties have expressed opposition to a military alliance with Russia. Of the seven delegates, three represen' parliamentary groups which, have record against an arms Pick Delegation The Finnish cabinet session de- cided upon the makeup of the dele- gation at a meeting this afternoon Finland's foreign minister. Carl J A. Enckell, a non-party man, is vice-chairman of the delegation. Hi speaks Russian and has been i member of practically all recent Finnish delegations in dealing with the Soviet union. Premier Pekkala Is a member o: the Socialist Union party, which Is affiliated with the communists In Finland's "democratic union." The Russians suggested a friend- ship and military pact. A majority of the Finnish political parties ap- proved negotiations but disapprov- ed the Idea of a military alliance. 'Dangerous First Finns agree that acceptance of thi negotiation offer constitutes a "dan gerous first step." They do not feel however, that Finland has been placed In the position of Czccho Slovakia, where the communists grabbed power in a recent coup. Of the six parliamentary group: wounded out by tho president, only the communist-dominated Popula Front favored concluding a military agreement with Russia. The Fron holds 51 of tho 200 scats in parlia ment. Leaky Excutt Plumber Late For Union Convention Portland, Maine Philip Reuben, vice-president of the Maine Association ot Master Plumbers, was 45 minutes late today for the organization's 55th annual convention. Tho reason: leaking pipe In his home. It happens In the best of fam- ilies, said Reuben. on gclLlng his money bnck had seen the hostess before. He Now when a fellow next to you snys "Hey, Bud, watch my it means lie has the next dtincc. In fact, thcrc_is so much_dancing going on machines DRUG SAVES DYING BOY A nine-year-old boy lay critically 111 In Sydenham hospital here. He suffered from a skin eruption with a secondary in- foctlon Umt ordinarily would lead to death. Doctors administered huge doses of the wonder drugs .streptomycin and penicillin. They did not Help. Then they called Johns Hopkins hospital physicians who have been experimenting with a new. power- r> is so rauun UUIIUIUB rul germ-killer, polymyxln. lobby The Hopkins scientists injected Instead or drug, in the form of a white v J TlTrnf selling popcorn. powder, underneath his skin. Ing movies. Giving dancing lessons in a movie can go too far, though Lust days. The amed boy was the first dulant fever, whooping cough, ccr-1 tain types of blood poisoning and meningitis. The Hopkins H. Long, professor of preventive med- icine, and Morton S, Bryer, Elea- nor A, Bliss and Emanuel Schocn- of the first cure last night in giving their preliminary conclusions as to the usefulness of polymyxln in a series of papers be- fore the Hopkins Medical society. They reported the drug may lead to a final triumph over bubonic plague. It will be sent to India isoon to find how it works against that ancient curse on mankind. Typhoid fever, various urinary tract infections, tuleremia (rabbit One big advantage of polymyxln has over tho other recent "wonde drugs" is that the germs It attacks do not develop a resistance to it the doctors reported. Polymyxin comes from the bacil 11s polymyxa. This is a minute or ganism commonly found in sol] water, sewage and such. The drug is not yet available fo general clinical use. Dr. Long, while cautioning tha it is too early to predict the ro] fever) and certain the deadly infcc- causcd the tho thater '-Cocted by the drug in cases of "uniquely effective." the germ-killer will play In treatment of disease, added th tha "'I am certain it is a very cffectiv drug." The drug was described independ cntly last year by Benedict an Langlyke of the Northern Rcsearc: laboratories at Peoria, 111., and b Stansley, Shepherd and White o tho American Cynamid Company. Top Commodity Prices Decline New lojer on major commodity today after yesterday's drop. Grain slid substantially ma pits opened weakly at Chicago thea to regain some of the losses. The commodity markets were Jit- tery over unfavorable international news and the blooming domestic jolltlcal situation. Government rejection of most of- fers on large quantities of flour for export because it considered xx> high affected grain trading at Chicago, where there was a heavy overnight accumulation of jelling orders. Cotton dropped and then rebound- ed on mill buying. Soybeans at Chicago fixe off much as the eight-cent dally at one time. Corn was as much and five-eighths cents under yesterday's prices in seven early trading. Wheat at one time WAS down six and three-fourths centi from previous figures. Top grade butter dropped a cent to 75% cents a pound, the lowest price this year, on the wholesale market at New York. Rubber, hides, cocoa and ccffea were down varying amounts in Kew York markets. Stocks wore inclined to slide on the New York Exchange. Hog prices were about steady with yesterday's close at Chicago and cattle and sheep were slightly lower. Weather _________ FORECASTS WJnona and vicinity Fair and continued cold tonight; lowest in, the city ten, near five in rural areas. Wednesday increasing cloudiness: not quite so cold, highest in the aft- ernoon 28. Minnesota Generally fair and quite cold tonight. Wednesday part- ly cloudy with slowly rising tem- peratures. Wisconsin Generally fair and quite cold tonight and Wednesday. No decided change In temperature. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, noon, 12; precipitation, none: sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow nt EXTENDED FOKECAST Minnesota and Wisconsin: Tem- peratures will average 12 below nor- mal north to five below normal south portion. Normal maximum 33 northern Minnesota to 52 cxtremo south. Normal minimum 13 northern Minnesota to 30 extreme south. Warmer Wcdnseday, colder Thurs- day afternoon and night and Fri- day. Little change Saturday and Sunday. Precipitation will average little or none north portion to one- half inch south occuring as snow south portion and scattered flurries north portion on Wednesday and Thursday and widely scattered snow flurries on Sunday. ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pep. Bcmidji 6 -32 Denver........... 39 13 .02 Duluth 22 8 .01 International Palls 18 .01 Kansas City 33 15 Los Angeles 64 48 Miami 81 74 New Orleans...... 69 58 150 Now York......... 44 31 Seattle........... 39 -09 Phoenix 72 51 Winnipeg 2