Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER loin lunlihl. lrir tu eolrttr. FM IS COMING lure yonr new radio can reeelTa tt. Full Leased Wire Report of The Awociated Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 48, NO. 6 WINONA. MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 24. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Strike Closes Minneapolis Schools Deep South Not 'In McGrath Told Fight to Finish Promised Against Equal Rights Bill lly Jnek Hell Tho civ rlchts war within Democratic rank rnirrd unabutecl today, nred by new attack of southern governor on tho party's high command, your Dixie governors, fresh from a meeting with National Chalrmar j, Howard McOrath, promised t use "whatever means are necessary to block President Truman's rac equality program. As iv clear Indication of wha they have In mind, tho four do clured in a formal statement: "The southern slates are the present leadership of th Democratic party will soon ihut tho South Is no 'In 'h "besplto his blast. McOrath up pcnrcd to feel that ho had mad some headway against tho South land revolt. Irfiwn Spill He told a news conference h gained thn Impression thnt th mrrtlnif "reimltrd In wood under Hn uddncl that hn hope It will "lessen tho split In th purty." During the get-together, McOrath iwilrt he, for one, appreciates th loynlty to tho party. "I don't takn tho attitude the, are with us anyway, so tho 'I1 with them." he told Governors J. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina. Bon T Laney of Arknnsus. Beaufort Jrslrr of Texas and K. OreKK Cher ry of North Carolina. But McOrath said flatly ho wll not try to have tho President's olvl rmhts program withdrawn Irom Congress tho governors tlo mnnded. Nor will he agree lo return tc the two-thirds convention rule un dcr which the South once held t veto ovpr presidential McClrath did. howovor, adopt I morn conciliatory attitude on points during tho hour ami a Jml hr sprnt behind closed with the governors. No rollcfi Force The national chairman mid, lo Instance, that It is "tho furthes tiling from the president's mind" t< wt up nn rjJX police force to no poking nround Into southern TH.C' Thnt hus been n focal point o objections to Mr. Tru. man's plea for pawftgo ot anti-pel tax. antl-lynchlng. anti-Job cllscrim InMion and anti-Jim Crow laws. Tho President said ho has or- derea a civil rights division sot up In the Justleo department. Agents are being given special training, ho told Congress, Senator Itussell (D.-Oix.) call- ed this an iittompt to create a "gestapo" to forco whites and No- props Into the samo schools churches und amusement places, Not so, said McOruth. Ho In- ulstpd tho President had In mine slopping "hoodlums" In Inclunlrln disputes. McOrath also offered to settle with tho Dixie rebels for a ro- nuvtement of the civil rights plank of the 1044 party platform. It said merely: "We believe that racial ami reli- gious minorities have the right to live, develop und vote equally with nil citizens and share tho rights that are guaranteed by our constl- at 13 m, today: Maximum. 3D; minimum, 30; noon, 39; precipitation, trace of rain; sun tonlKht nt sun rises to- morrow at KXTKNDKD FOHKCA8T Minnesota und Wisconsin: Tem- perature will average normal In Wisconsin and three to seven do- grros above normal Minnesota. Nor- miil maximum 27 extreme northern Minnesota. 44 south minimum, five above extreme northern Minnesota to 21 south. Colder Wednesday, rls ing temperatures Thursday and Fel day. colder Sunday. Precipitation will average lew than ono tenth incn Minnesota. Wisconsin. Light ruin or drizzle Friday or Saturday. TEMI'EUATUKKS KLSEWHKIIE Max. Mln. Prcc. BrmldJI 30 30 .07 Chictico........... 47 34 Denver 45 20 .03 Dululh 34 .05 TtilcrtiiiMtiniil Fulls 34 ill .13 Kiiusus City 45 42 Ixis Allgflrs Oi 64 Miami 77 71 I'liul 311 35 .0 Nrw Orleans...... 6S 04 ,0 Now York......... 32 20 (i4 42 OrrinS. Pierce, Once Wallace Sees Prominent Winonan, Dies at Age of 100 Orrln H. Pierce Four Children and Housekeeper Die In Glens Falls Fire fulls, N. chil- dren and n 05-yoar-old housekeeper diud curly today when fire swept a two-story wooden house about ten mites wont of here. Mrs. Elizabeth Hack, 30, mother of tho children, was burned serloim- y on the arms, hands, back and fnoo. She was taken to tho Olcns Fulls hospital, reported "fair." Her condition is Blalo police listed tho victims as Jnnlco Hack, live; her brothers, Amos, olKht, Richard, six. nnd Bon- nld, four, and tho housekeeper, Elizabeth Center. Vornon Dunkloy, ten, of Mrs. Hack by n prevlous-miurrtMe. umpod from tho second floor. Ho was uninjured. Police said Hack reported dho had boon downstairs and tho others occupied upstairs rooms. She told police she had boon awakened by tho explosion of stove and found tho house In flames. She said tho building collapsed before tho children could bo reach- ed, police reported. Six Periih in Delaware Fire Wilmington, Del. Six per- sons, four of them small children, jorlshod early today as tholr home vas destroyed by fire at nearby Now Castle, Del. Police Captain Charles L. Murray of Now Caxtlo mild four of those tilled have boon Identified as Charles Dungy; his nlx-ycar-old daughter, Evl; a son, Roger, four, inti tho aunt, Alberta Chuncllor, all NoKt'oe.s. Colorful Civil War Veteran to Be Buried Here Oreln S. Pierce, 100, colorful Civil war veteran and former Winona citizen who rose from a ship's cabin boy to bo first president of the Arlington club, died Monday at the Minnesota Soldiers home near Fort Snclllng. In September, 1947, Mr. Pierce who was one of the last Civil war veterans In, Minnesota and a past commander of the Minnesota Q.A.R., celebrated his 100th birthday at his home at 3149 Lyndalo, avenue South, Minneapolis. The 'reunion was attended by his seven living children, some of whom' had not seen each other for 42 years. Funeral arrangements have not been completed but the body will bo went lo this city for burial. Douth came to tho old soldier at 5 p. in. Monday following an lllnc.'iii which hud lasted several weeks. Pierce entered the homo last Sep- tember. Tho career of tho former Wlnona man was ono of rugged individual- ism Irom tho time ho managed, at the age of 18, to enlist Jn the Infantry during the Civil war until ho retired from active life. Papular With Crow Satisfying an urge for action and adventure Pierce, at 13, shipped as a cabin boy on the "W. L, ono of tho first steamboats to oper- ate along tho Upper Mississippi river. Here his zest for service and his youthful ability to spin stories maclo him a popular figure with tho rew. It was with tho same sense of humor that he chalked tho number 18 on the bottom of his shoes and kept hit conscience clear, gaining enrollment 'In tho army when he WRB still below- the 'required ngo. With n shrug nnd grin he later related tho talo contending that he was actually "over Highlighting the memories of Mr. Plorce's early career, however, was tho time when he acted as a cor- poral of the guard over Abraham Lincoln's body as It lay In state In the Illinois state capltol building at Springfield. Tho 140th Illinois Infantry escort for the body and among Mr. Plerce's stories Is described tho feel- ing of solemnity in his young heart so that ho went back for a "third look at tho faco of the great wan and could ECO all tho goodness still there, even In death." Mr. Pierce gave tho Arlington club tho same Impetus that he demon- started in all lines of woi'k. His work In helping to guldo and plan tho club's activities during tho or- ganization's early days lum remaln- (Contlnued on Pnire 11, Column 2) 1'IEHCE ERP Leading To World War Charges 'Wall Street Monopolists' Enslaving Europe By Rclman Morin Henry A. Wal- lace said today that "Wall Street monopolists" have twisted the orig- inal Marshall plan into an instru- ment for enslaving Europe. And he Implied that the present program will lead to wnr, Tho third party presidential can- didate described the European re- covery plan as a "blueprint for At his own request, Wallace ap- peared before the House foreign affairs committee. His arguments were contained In an prepared statement. In advance of his testimony, the committee announced that there would be no radio broadcast and that television and newsrcel cameras would be excluded. This brought 8 cry of "censorship" from Wallace supporters. Most of Wallace's statement was duvotcd to hlH contention that "capllallHlM" huvo perverted the Marshall plnn Into a Hcheme for dominating world markets whereby they would be able to dlctnte tho economic policies of the nations that take part in it. At tho same time, Wallace offered his own alternate plan for aid to Europe. Through his eight-point program, he said, "Wo would be relieved of the gnawing of war and atomic destruction which haunts us today." Wallace set forth these points In outlining his project. 1. Tho creation of a reconstruction fund, 2. A United Nations agency, "anc (Continued on 14, Column I) WALLACE Out Of Class because Minneapolis teachers went on strike today, these Webster school pupils sit comfortably on the fence watching Julia Anderson and M. H. Hoepp do picket duty. The boys, left to right? are Larry Drevdahl. Douglas Hasert, Richard Poster and Gary Poster. (A.P. Wlrcphoto to Tho Republican-Herald.) Bids to Surface Airport Runways To Be Opened March 15 Advertisements are out today for surfacing and other improvements at the new Winona municipal air- Chicago L Agent Shot ticket agent for tho Chicago Transit Authority elevated system was found shot tc death in his cage early today several lours ufter a policeman was shot and'critically wounded In tho same General North side area. Police Sergeant William McEvoy said tho men may have been shot jy tho same gunman. He said both were shot by copper-jacketed .45 caliber bullets. The ticket agent, Cornelius Al- ison, 59, had been shot once, the bullet cutting through trre heart area. McEvoy expressed belief he was fired upon after refusing to hand over money in a robbery at- port which is expected to be in 'operation sometime this year. At an adjourned session this noon in the city building the city council voted to advertise for bids for a project estimated to cost by City Engineer Carl W. Frank, the Minnesota department of aeronautics and the Civil Aero- nautics administration. Bids will be opened March 15. The contemplated project in- volves: tempt. The policeman, William Hoban, 25', was shot four times last night as he talked to two men in an auto- mobile at tho rear of n tavern. He was in a critical condition today with wouncLs in tho right lung, shoulder, cheek and left thigh. 40 Carried to Safety, 100 Others Escape in Milwaukee Hotel Fire 1. Surfacing of around the airport and erection of asphalt mat on the long runway, the northwest-southeast runway, and stabilization of the two shorter runways. 2. Laying of concrete for the aprons. 3. Seeding of other areas. 4. Construction of a bituminous entrance road. G. Lighting of the longest runway and some other lighting required by the CAA. 0. Installation of sanitary facil- ities and obtaining of water supply. 7. Erection Of a barbed wire fence Czech Communists Claiming Victory a safety fence at the building area. Action to advertise for bids was taken when Engineer Prank pre- sented a letter from M. C. Solberg, chief engineer In the state depart- ment of aeronautics, who wrote, "We have received authority from the Civil Aeronautics administration to authorize you to call for bids on tho surfacing project for your air- port." This was Indicated locally to mean that the CAA will contribute at Jeast toward the project for which advertisements were issued today. The Minnesota department of aeronautics, in addition, has agreed definitely to furnish toward the project, and the city council By A. I. Goldberg Prague' Premier Klement Gottwald predicts a quick commu- nist victory in tho struggle for con- trol of Czechoslovakia. "It may be in several hours, but it will certainly be in several the communist premier said last night at a meeting r.o form an "ac- tion committee" for Prague. Even as he spoke the communists, emboldened by a spill; in social Democrat ranks, pushed for an open showdown. The Social Democratic party has held the balance of pow- er in the nation's four-day-old po- Itlcal crisis. BcncK Under Pressure President Eduard Bones Is under icavy pressure to let the commun- ,sts reorganize the cabinet with own men. Gottwald's statement came as So- cial Democrat left wingers accepted an invitation to negotiate with the communists on forming n- new gov- to join in forming action commit- tees which the communists hope will supplant the present national front groups. These groups now in- clude anti-communist parties. (In London a British foreign of- fice spokesman said V. A. Zorln, Soviet vice-minister of foreign af fairs, is in Prague.) Kcport Planned President Bones, who has fough the communist attempts to run Un niillon, announced ho would broad- cast to the people in the next few days in answer to thousands of telegrams and letters offering a so- lution of the crisis. Bcncs maintained his previous at- titude ol trying to hold Czechoslo- vakia's coalition government togeth- r. If he sticks to that, tha National Socialist, Slovak Democrat and Catholic People's parties must re- main with their ministers in his government. The crisis devclopec Friday when 12 anti-communist ministers belonging to these three parties submitted their resignations has asked it for an additional If the city should receive the additional from the state, the total of "outside" money on the project would bo boosted to Significantly, the Social Demo- crats also approved an agreement control within 45 minutes. Mllwiiukec Forty frlghton- More than 100 firemen and rescue when the firemen arrived. Aerial ladders were pushed up to were on the scene. The crowds were controlled by more than 150 pollce- tho windows and the rescues pro- ceeded swiftly. There was no panic, Somo of those trapped by smoke when rescued mid upwarda throughout the structure d persons were carried 'down -lad- cr.t to safety last night no thou- ands Wfttchecl tholr dramatic res- no from tho burning, smoke-filled hotel. Another 100 escaped by fire c.i- .pRH and Htutrwnyx from tlio flvo- litrni flro In ttiu 00-yuar-old hotel. The Nix-story brick and stooc tructuro Is located on oust Wlscon- n avenue, tho city's main street, i tho downtown cll.ttrlct, Klcvon personH worn overcome by noko but thoro wuro no fatalities. Dozens of tho Hotel guests wore, an Invalid watt lowered lo Hafuty In a canvas bag. Pollco estimated that between 20 and 30 thousand people watched the fire which broke out on a "shoppers night" when the down- town Htoren wero open. Tho first alarm waw turned in at p. m, and tho flro was brought under Blazes burst out In the lobby several times. Tire Chief Edward Wlscher said tho fire started In the hotel base- ment from undetermined cauxu. No immediate estimate of the damage Wfls available. Milwaukee Firemen are shown, left, battling to confine a fire to the lower floors of the 49-year-old Hotel Martin in the downtown district. No lives were lost In the fire which attracted thousands of xpcctators. In the photo above Jlrcmen arc- KOCH lowering a gue.st from the burning hotel in a rescue bag. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Ecpubllcan-Herald.) Late Bulletins take tor .Vlnccnte J. Francisco, Philippines delegate, said he had resigned from the Unit- ed Nations Palestine com- mission. On White House instructions. Attorney General Clark to- day sent F.B.I. agents to 16 leading- steel companies to inquire into last week's ad- vance in steel prices. Earlier President Truman directed the Justice department, the Council of Economic advisers and the Commerce depart- ment lo make a full inquiry into tho increase in slccl prices. Little Rock The Red Cross office reported here that one man, Henry Taylor, a Negro, had been killed in the explosion that wrecked a business block in Pocahontas, Ark., this morn- U. of M. Cancer Center Opens Minneapolis The Univer- sity of Minnesota's new cancer de- letion center opened today and re- ceived 200 calls asking for appoint- ments within two hours. So great was the crush that Dr. David State, director of the center, appealed to persons wishing to have examinations to write for appoint- ments rather than telephone. The center is set up to give ex- aminations to Minnesota men and women over 45 years old, the age group most subject to cancer. The ee Is for those able to pay. St. Cloud Doctor Promoted Dr. Harvey J. Tompklns. who formerly Nerved at he St. Cloud. Minn., veterans hos- ital, among others, last night was ppointed chief of neuropsychiatry or the veterans administration, suc- cedlnu Dr. Daniel Blnln, who rc- Ipncd to become medical director or the American Psychiatric asso- Jatlon. Teachers Ask Minimum Pay Of Pupils Stay at Home Pending Settlement Minneapolis Minneapolis public school teachers struck today for higher pay and a lull school year. The strike was called by the A.F.L. Teachers federation which represents about half the city's public school teachers- Pickets were posted before some schools shortly before 8 a. m. strike hour. No attempt was made to hold classes. The city's 94 elementary, Junior high, and high schools have a total enrollment of Last-minute efforts of Mayor Hubert Humphrey, who arrived at midnight by plane from Philadel- phia, and Superintendent WUlard E. Goslln to avoid the strike rolled, Pickets at City Hall Half a dozen pickets posted around the city hall and courthouse, where school board offices arc located, carried signs reading: "On strike for good education." and "On strike for better education." Two pickets marched before West High school, one of the largcat. No students appeared. "The strike is said Ooslln today. "There doesn't seem, to anything I can sny or do." He said the school board Is sched- uled to meet tills afternoon In a regular session. He said he could not predict what action. If any, might be taken then. Union leaders said In a statement the teachers are striking, not against school children, but against "the situation which jeopardizes their education." The statement said action of the school board In curtailing school time by four weeks during the calendar year would deprive chil- dren of ten per cent of their school year and teacheri of- ten per cent of their salary. Governor Informed "At a time when the cost of living has reached an all time statement continued, "a tea per cent cut In salary Is Intolerable. Instead of a salary reduction should be an Increase In the salary At the Btaic capltol, Governor Luther Youngdohl said he is watch- Ing the strike very closely and Is ready to step in at any time he asked. He pointed out that the strifes In Minneapolis is outside the provi- sions of the state labor law which, does not cover municipal employes. Goslln said that no effort would be made to hold classes with the aid of the more than instruc- tors who are not union members. The teachers nsk that present minimum annual salaries be boosted from to and that the maximum lor instructors with mas- ter's degrees be Increased to from Its present ceiling. Blind Woman Survives Fall From Third Floor 86-year-old blind woman, Mrs. Louise Arbcnc. accidentally walked out her third floor bathroom- window last night and plunged to the arcaway below but escaped with ankle fractures. She landed In a snow bonk. by Bob Tills year California holds a cen- tennial celebration commcmoratlnit the discovery of gold. A hundred years ago. a 'man named J n m c Marshall, work- InR around Sut- tor'n mill." dlncov- ri-cd Ilia flrnt tourist. You know what gold is That's brass with class, you'd be sur- prised how littlo California has changed since then, with gold rush on and thousands pouring Madman _ Bob Dope In from the East Muntz' great grandfather could be seen everywhere making oilers for covered wagons. John L. Lewis' grandfather had a hand in it too. He came out to California and called all the gold miners out to strike for an day. History records that the gold rush country was so full of desperadoes there were hangings every day. In fact, the sheriffs were hanging them from so many branches they could' enforce the law and harvest the orange crop at the same time. It was one of the greatest in history and the ground was really saturated with the precious metal.- In fact, no matter what kinds of seeds the farmers around there planted Only golden bantam corn would come up. The incredible part of It all is thnt a hundred years of prospcct- there's a-s much gold in tho alifornia ground as the day It was discovered. As fast as the miners dig it out of the ground Cros- jy keeps burying it. My fnthcr once struck gold but, frankly. I wasn't happy nbout It. Ho struck it so hard he knocked out thrco of my tcoth.