Monday, February 23, 1948

Winona Republican Herald

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 23, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER warmer tonliMj uhl U "now. C.M.r Full Leased Wire Newt Report of The Associated Preit Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 48, NO. 5 W1NONA. MINNESOTA. MONDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 23. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY IS COMING Be mre your new radio can EIGHTEEN PAGES MATTER OF FACT Convention Deadlock Predicted fir Jwcph und Hlewarl Aluop Tho scene Is tho nqualld chaos ot the Republican convonllon at Philadelphia. The time Is the mompnt when tho dead- lock flnixl between Gov- ernor Thomas E. Dowoy und Sen- ator Robert A. Tuft. Suddenly, the name of Senator Arthur M. Van- dcnborg is plftccd before the con ventton, Governor Har- 'olcl Stniwon. al- roixdy uwnro trmt lip cannot make The Aluopn the gnido himself takes his place lit the him el of tho Vnndcnbrrg proersslcm. On the next ballot, thn drlPKiilnn, III" MlchlKnn dnlPtwtes und strong merits of the Pimmiylvunln, Now England and Western are already riding high on the Vnn- denbeTK bandwagon. On the ballot following Vandonberg receives tho Republican nomination lor the presidency. Tho forcRolnR Is tho extremely practiciU day drcum of ft number of astute und KOfisoncd players of the (Trent uamo of politics, Those day drenmers, to bo sure, conspic- uously do not Include Senator Vfin- drnbcrg himself. Ho la "till not conniving In tiny drnft-Vnndonborf< movement. But sovcrn.1 vltul factors make It wise to ttiko iinothor look at tho truth of tho Senator's own maxim, thnt no prenldnnllnl candi- date has ever been drafted who did not connive In tho draft. TUB K1H8T OK those, and the most Important, Is tho existence ol the day dreamers aforesaid. There Is a very simple reason why a Btnulne draft Is difficult. A draft movement, however spontaneous It mny seem on tho convonllon floor, requires careful advance prepara- tion. For this preparation, there must be organization. Unless tho prospective draftee Is an accom- plice, the work ol orgunlJintlon and is ordinarily Jmpcxi- Bible. In Senator Vixndenberg's case however, this rule emphatically does not apply. The day In- clude the Michigan national com- roltfrrmnn. Arthur SUimmorflnld. M number. .oCother leaders of the Michigan organization, and more than one key figure In other It Is a fair prediction that they will have completed tho necessary mini- mum of organisation and prepara- tion by the timo tho Republicans assemble for their quadrennial bean {east and delegate rodoo. The day dreamers are dolnn their day-dreaming without encourage- ment from their candidate. lie has done morp than avoid them. Some time ago, ho made u public request to the men of his homo state to line up buhlnd some other candi- date. Then Governor Kim Slftlor and other Michigan chieftains de- clared their determination, at a recent Michigan meeting, to take Vandenberg delegation to Phil- adelphia all tho name. After this episode. Vandenberg let It bo known that If the state convention scorned likely to name Vandenborg dele- gates, he would reiterate his former could Truman Urges More Housing Aid request in n manner thnt cot be misunderstood. THE CHANCES AUE. therefore that the Michigan .delegates will either divide between Taft, Dowcy and other candidates on early bal- lots, or will propose Governor Slgler M tho mate's favorite This dors not distress tho tiny dreamera, however. Indeed. It holpst them. Tho dmft will bo all tho more real, What encourages tho dny dream even more tho nhrowd calcu- lation they have made concerning Governor Std.ivn. As n presidential candidate In his own right, Is now forging handsomely ahcud. Yet tho odds uro still heavily BStiln.it him. In tho event of a Taft- Dcwcy deadlock, Stassen Is unlikely to swing to cither Dowcy or Tuft: slnco ho hits dono tho equivalent of slapping tho fuco ot tho former and punching tho chin of tho latter But on Lincoln cluy, In n speech In Pennsylvania. Stassen wont out of his way to romurk thut tho only republican now comparable to the emancipator wn.i Sermcor Vnn- drnberK. This clearly thut If he cunnot got tho himself, Stnssrn would rpgiird u Vnndon- tlckot as tho next bust thitiK. Al.Tor.KTHKR, always supposing that H Dflwpy-Tiift clwidlock devel- ops (for thrro can bo no draft with- out a deadlock) thrro Is only ono rnvl obsturlp to tho day drcum com- true. That obstacle Is tho sen- ator himself, Tho reports rut to his h'ftlth arc utterly unfounded. He Is often tired, bccutiso of n work schedule that would kill most men of 35. whprrns ho Is exactly tho same ago us President Trumiin. But his doctors huvo now found that ho is In better condition physically than almost nny other man of his The senator Is an obstacle, rather, because ho sopms ready to prevent a draft movement, by uctlvo per sonal Intervention, If mnsslvo op- position clovclop.i from tho moro antiquated Republican stuto organ- izations. Thus far, tho senator hns bren bryoncl attack, In staling that he Is nol u candidate, but thnt no ono can reject a druft. But It 1." hnrd to son how ho can defend the position of giving tho worst clo mrnts In tho Republican party n power of veto over tho muss of tho party's will. This does not rrmko sense. Nine Persons Perish as Fires Strike in Three Eastern Cities WniCJl JJtJIOUilo, uiw dny. (A.P. Wlrephoto to Tho Republican-Herald.) Persons Die In European Travel Mishaps The Icy hand of winter wan blamed today for week- end accidents which killed 48 per- sons and Injured 00 In Prance and Switzerland. A bun, n plane and n train wore Involved in three sepa- rate ml.shapR. Near historic Utah beach, on the French channel const, a huge now BO-paiBongor, tflx-englno flying boat plunged Into tho ROIV Saturday afternoon and police said they wero ouro all 10 persons aboard were dead. One official blamed tho sea- plane's loss on faulty do-lclng equipment; another said it had no clo-lclng equipment. Near Lyon, a bus carrying mem- bers of the Lyon cross country team returning from a race, skidded on a <mow-packcd highway, slid into a ravine and plunged into a river Sunday. Ton young athletes died, 20 othors wcro hospitalized. At Wndenswll, Switzerland, near Zurich, fit killed and least 10 48 were persons wore hurt Sunday whon weekend ski train was railed and rammed Into ft three- dtory bulldliiK. Icy rftlls and faulty wcro blamed. Three Persons Die in Wisconsin Accidents Uy The Associated Prcm Mishaps which Involved traffic and cream from u hot frying claimed three lives In Wisconsin ovor tho weekend. Tho dead were: Ferdinand Toepfcr, 60, and Mrs. Anna Udhardt, 50, both of Milwau- kee, and Walter Hanson, 10, of Cecil. Toopfor was Injured fatally Sun- dfty when ho wns struck by an au- tomobile on a Milwaukee utrcet. Pollco isald tho car which struck tho retired browmastor failed to stop after tho accident. Mru. -Udhardt was burned fatally In her kitchen on Saturday when hot Krcaso splanhcd from a-frying pan and Ignited her clothing whilu who WHH cooking, Tho resulting bliizo cnunod damage estimated by firemen at Hanson wns injured fatally early today when tho car ho driving lofb l.ho rond and overturned near Shawimo. Tho accident ended a reunion among votornn.t. Tho _. Johnson, 19. Stoughton, and Robert Murphy, also 10, of Spooncr, wcro not Injured seriously. Mankato Voters Approve Bond Issue for School Mankato, f 000 bond lime to cover part of the cost of a new nchool build- wan approved by Mankato Saturday, to The inmi needed to meet rtalnir building- conU. will be added to lor the Ntructuro which will replace one dcitroyrd by fire. South Awaits Action on Civil Rights Program wallop be- hind tho Dixie revolt appeared to hinge today on whether any of Pres- ident Truman's civil rights program becomes law. Angry southern governors frankly proclaimed their "fighting mood" as they waited to call Democratic Na- tional Chairman McOrath on the carpet at a mldaftcrnoon session with newsmen on hand to witness the fireworks. But two Dixie senators who are active in fanning the flames told a reporter privately that If Congress docs nothing about such things as antllynch, antipoll tax and anti- discrimination bills, the insurrec- tion may never amount to much. On the other hand, they agreed that If any of those things are three young army other two, Elmer Youthful Vandals Apologize, Then Wreck School Shreveport, A flranir of youthful vandals scrawled "I'm sorry wo had to do It" on the blackboards, then wrecked the Alexander (rrammar school. A police report on the dnmaro Sunday said 150 window panes had been broken, all smashed, phonorraph machine torn down, tipped over, lumps broken, and Ink or paint splattered on walls and school The school has approximately 515 pupils in ono thruufh ilx. By The Associated Press Fire struck tragically in three eastern cities Sunday night and today claiming tho lives of an en- tire family of two young broth- ers and a five-year-old girl. The death-dealing blazes occurred in Cambridge, Mass., New York, and Corry, Pa. The worst of the three disasters occurred In Cambridge where a 1035 Harvard graduate, wife, and Jour children perished today when flamos swept tholr IB-room house on fash- ionable Brewiter street. 'Police identified tho dead as: H. Alan Gregg, 40. his wife, Ann and their four nine; H. Alan, Jr., eight; Peter three, and Thomas, ten months old Maid Escapes Tho only ono to escape as flames raged through the rambling tliree- story wooden house was the family maid, Edna Roper, 20. She was in- jured critically, firemen said, when she apparently toppled through a second story window in trying to open It, At least a dozen firemen and the department's fire Rev Thomas overcome at- tempting to rescue the trapped fanv lly. Tho whole inside of the house was ix roaring inferno before the firemen got there, Deputy Chief Henry Kllfoyle said. "The fire started on the first floor." he said, "And went up stairway to the third floor, "By the time wo got there, the 52 Dead in Jerusalem Bombing City Tense Following Sunday Blasts Jerusalem Jerusalem was virtually paralyzed today as gun- carrying Arabs, Britons and Jews patrolled a city made bitter and ;ense by Sunday's bombing of the Jewish sector. In which at least 52 jcrnoiiB died. Rriiuiin wnrkorrt cluwhinr nl thn wruckiiKO two liolulK, Ihreo apart- ment houses and scores of shops along two blocks of Ben Yehuda street extricated nine more bodies today, boosting to 52 the number of, dead. At least 88 injured have been j dug from the debris. Haganah workers at the scene said there pos- sibly were more victims in the rubble. Arab leaders said their comman- does set off the two truckloads of explosives which caused the blast jut Jews seemed convinced that the British were somehow responsible. Mine British soldiers were killed ir, retaliatory gun fighting after the explosion and three Jews lost their lives. The death toll for the day ;hus stood at C4. Streets were mined and a tripled guard stood duty at British security <ronc gates and at vital administra- tive and military buildings. Irgun Zvai Lcumi, extremist Jew-j Jsh underground group, proclaimed.1 from today all British personnel, military and police, entering Jewish sections will be subject to execution." Truman Views St. Croix As Tour Nears End Chrlstlansted, St. Croix, Virgin Inlands President Truman declared today that renewal by Con- gress of the charter of the Virgin Islands Company is essential to stabilization of tho economy of these Islands. closed his- good will visit to these Caribbean possessions with a tour of St. Croix, largest of the Vir- gin Islands, and an official lunch- eon, attended by Governor William H. Hastle and other local officials. The President intends to leave later in the day, aboard the presl- whole flames. house was enveloped in Wo had to enter through written into they look for that to will be a second floor window." Boys Die All six members of the Gregg family were found burned to death Rescue Workers DIK In Ruins of the Atlantic hotel In Jerusa- lem's Ben Yehuda street In search for victims of bombing that shat- terrt buUdtngs in two blocks in heart of city's Jewish Business dis- tricts The vast explosion was responsible for 52 persons deaths. of others were injured, (A.P. Wlrcphoto via radio from Jerusalem to The Czech Communists Use Arms in Political Crisis Pracue Communists bidding lor supreme power put their security police today before all Czechoslovak government buildings and foreign embassies. Opposition speech was at least partly stifled. Headquarters of the Czech National Socialist party, one of throe which withdrew Friday from the government coalition, was seized by police urmed with sub machlneguns. Czechoslovak nationals virtually were frozen inside the country by a ministry of interior order re- quiring new stamps of approval on valid passports. Police, directed by. conununists heading the ministry of interior, ar- rested notable foes of the reds. The display of arms was the nrst since the political crisis started Fri- day night with the resignation of 12 anticommunlst ministers from the coalition of Premier Klemcnt Gottwald, a communist. President naval base at Guantanamo, Cuba. He Is due there Wednesday. From Guantanamo he will fly to Key West, Fla., for a nine-day vacation. Saying that he had come hero to 'sec tor myself what this part of our American family is -doing to meet our common the Presi- dent said in his prepared address: "Here, I know, our American way of working together toward peace and prosperity will bring results we can all enjoy. Governor Hastic and the federal agencies are working to- gether both here and in Washing- ton to Improve the use of St. Croix's many assets, and to develop new ones." trouble" for Mr. Truman In South. As an example, one of these sena- tors said the legislature in his state undoubtedly would vote to remove the name of both the President and his running mate from the ballot, The voters then would cast their ballots for presidential electors who could vote as they choose. There are Increasing signs that the southerners fear they have been caught in a. political crossfire from which they may not be able to escape. A secret Senate poll has convinced some of them thnt their most cllec- tlvc fall because'of lack of Republican support. The House usually passes one or more civil rights measures In each Congress, "But tho southerners have always been able to talk them to death In the Senate, This Is be- cause It takes a two-thirds vote to slop n filibuster, and enough Re- publicans usually side with the NollUiarncro to block the gag rule, Former Wisconsin Legal Aide Dies Madison, Wls. Joseph E. Messcrschmldt, 73, an assistant state attorney genera! for 32 years, died Sunday following a month's Illness. A native of Dane- county, he served under 14 of Wisconsin's at- torneys general In various periods from 1895 until his retirement In 1944. He was a farmer treasurer of the National of Attorneys General and in their second floor the Indicating, he said, they had no more than two hours. suffocated while fire burned I raises. chance even to try and get out. In New York, Harold May, Jr., Superintendent Tries to Avert Teachers' Strike Minneapolis Wlllard E. Goslln, superintendent of schools, met Informally with members of the school board today in a last minute six, and his brother Michael, five, school board today In a last minute died and their parents and baby, try to prevent a school strike called sister were seriously burned when lira swept their apartment. The for 8 a. m. Tuesday. T suppose tho strike is cnces to save the situation. Communist controllers were In charge of radio and press centers in Slovakia. Armed police sur- rounded tho Czech wireless In Prague. (A British foreign offlcc spokes- man commented in London that the presence in Prague of V. A. Zorin, Russian vice-minister of for- eign affairs, "recalls the presence of Vlshinsky in Bucharest in 1945. Communist Premier Petru Groza seized power in Romania during a visit of Andrei Y. Vishinsky, first vice-minister of the Russian for- eign ministry. Zorin reached Prague last week for the announc- ed purpose of checking Russian grain deliveries.) The appearance of police carry- ing rifles and submachine guns be- fore foreign embassies was unusual even in Prague. Parliament and all other government buildings were under new groups of guards, some carrying bayonetted rifles and some tommy guns. In the election campaigning and party strife that has swelled and ebbed in Czechoslovakia for five months, the communists and their ed over them with inhalators take at present.1 Jack Jorgensen is chairman of a Harold May, 37, his wife, labor union committee nam- and Karen May, 14 months, ed to negotiate for A.F.L. union, 29 were in serious condition at St. John's hospital, Long Island city. In still a third trcgcdy, the body of Macqueline Havarilla, five, was found in a clothes closet where she teachers. The strike was called to protest "a school board plan to shorten the school year as an economy mea- sure. The teachers also ask pay through a four-story restaurant and rooming house, In Corry. The body of the child, daughter of Co-Owner Mrs. Gertrude Havar- illa, was found In the .second floor closet, after firemen had brought tho blaze under control. Burnquist Rules on Disposition of Cigarette Tax St. tax money which a county receives from the state must go into the general rev- enue fund for county purposes, At- torney General J. A. A. Burnquist said today. A legal opinion was requested-by Elner C. Iverscn of Waseca, Waseca county attorney. 1942 sought the Progressive party nomination for attorney general. State Motorists Warned of Bad Driving Conditions state highway department said today that driving conditions aro worse than usual in most sections of tho state because of an early outbreak of frost bolls. Extra temperature changes of last week produced the bad spots in road surfaces faster than mainten- ance crews could repair them. __ another question, 'the attorney general said a 1947 law requires apportionment of the ex- Goslln said he and Jorgensen had agreed to ask the board to give up its plan to cut the school year if the teachers would withdraw their pay demands and "all talk of run- ning the schools on borrowed Weather I see where a recent War depart- ment directive has Just authorized the wcarlnK of formal dress by all army officers I guess from now on it will be pret- ty hard to tell the difference between a second lieuten- ant and a man of distinction. I i m a R I n c it FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity: Cloudy, windy and warmer tonight; low 30. Light rain changing to snow Tues- day, becoming colder late afternoon or at night; high In afternoon 35. Minnesota: Light snow tonight mixed wtih freezing drizzle south- east portion. Somewhat warmer east portion and turning colder northwest portion tonight. Snow flurries Tuesday forenoon clearing in afternoon. Colder Tuesday. Wisconsin: Cloudy with, slowly rising temperature tonight. Light snow beginning northwest portion. Tuesday light snow north and snow else tax on wines and liquors among I or 50uth portion. Colder the towns in a county on the basis I northwe5t portion Tuesday after- of their population. Brainerd SelU Sewage Disposal Bonds to Bank Brainerd, Brain- erd city council today announced the sale of in sewage dis- posal plant revenue refunding bonds to the First National Bank ot Min- neapolis, Bids called for payment of 2 per cent interest. by Bob Hope Communist Army Hits at Heart Of Manchuria rfnirUo, Chinese communist troops wheeled their big guns close enough to shake hungry, beleaguered Mukden today in their steady advance on tho heart of Manchuria. Military reports and eyewitness accounts showed the desperate plight of the big industrial city. Fnku Lost (Government sources In Peiplng reported another grave loss of Faku, 45' miles north of Muk- den. Its fall tightened the com- munist blockade of Mukden and opened the way for communist as- saults from the north.) The Rev. N. O. Dahlsten, Bcr- rien Springs, Mich., just arrived from Mukden, said whole families there were committing suicide for lack of rood. Month-old children were being fed millet a rough Manchurian cereal. The seventh Day Adventist mis- sionary said Mukden was shaking to the bombardment of big guns. Ht said the communists evidently will try to capture and hold Mukden. Other reports told of communisl attacks on a government alrbasc only a mile and a half from Muk- den. The Chinese air force halted all its flights to Mukden. The U. S State department advised all de- pendents or its consular personnel to leave there at once. Rent Control For 14 Months Also Asked Million Per Year Goal of Proposed Plan President Tnl- nmn today urged a M-month strong- er rent control law. along with ex- tension of financial aid to building. In a special message to Congress. Mr. Truman asked that this emer- gency notion be coupled with a oiiK-rnnKe housing program to pro- duce dwellings a year for ,he next decade. "We must adopt them together so that they may work together." the presidential message sold. "We must make orderly progress, not a staggering, uncertain series ol starts and halts." Extension Aurccd Upon Bent control expires February 29. Republican leaders have agreed to push through a 30-day extension ol the present law this week. This will give time for study of a bill pending in the Senate for a 14-month ex- tension of ceilings to April 30. on a modified basis. Mr. Truman asked for "more housing at lower cost, both to the immediate future and for the long run." He set before Congress this five- point objective: 1 -TO continue and strengthen rent control. "To stimulate a higher volumo of home building on a sustained ba- sU with special emphasis on rental housing, with proper safeguards against possible inflationary effects. 3 -xo reduce building costs. 4 "To assist communities In pro- viding low-rent housing for in the lowest-Income groups. 5 To aid cities In rebuilding and modernizing run-down areas." Less than 15 per cent of the new homes built In 1IM7 wore rental units, the President said, mid "al- most no housing at all was built for low-income families." Notices Received Tenants In many parts of country have been receiving from landlords that their rents will be substantially raised If rent con- trol Is allowed to expire on February he reported. The new law, he said, ihould pro- tect the tenants who agreed id 15, per cent increases un- der tho present law. "These families have no protec- tion beyond December 31, 1948. if the law Mr. Truman point- ed out. A new rent control law should "provide adequate authority to en- able the government to enforce tho law. and appropriations should bo sufliclcnt for an adequate enforce- ment staff." the President said. In extending emergency financial help, Ml-, Truman said. CongrcM should prolong the liberal loan in- surance provisions of title 6 of tho National Housing act for one year beyond the March 31 deadline. An Increase of of insur- ance authorization should be grant- ed, half of it earmarked for rental homes only, he sold. Ka.il Line Cut Fighting was reported President Cost-Cutting Steps Washington It costs SO) much to build a house that the av- erage man can't aHord to buy it after it is built. Building costs have got to come down. That is one thing President Tru- man told Congress today in housing message. He said the leg- islation he recommends is aimed to get more homes built "to assure a, high volume of housing construc- But Uien he told the cougrcss- in the suburbs of Pcnki a major source of Mukden's coal sup- ply. The coal mining center Js 35 miles southeast of Mukden. The communists already had cut tho rail line between the two points. Small communist movements in the direction of Fushun, great coal town 20 miles cast of Mukden, also were mentioned in pro-government dispatches. Reporting the loss of Faku. the government termed it a "strategic withdrawal." Government forces took up new positions to the south. The town had been under commun- ist siege off and on for flvc months. A key highway city. It guarded the western flanks of the trunkline rail towns of Tlehllng and Knlyuan, 40 men: high volume maintained nor can They'll LOCAL WEATHEll Official observations for the hours ending at noon Sunday: Maximum, 28; minimum, G; noon, 25; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at noon today: Maximum, 32; minimum, 22; noon, 32; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Bob' Hope supply sergeant will be a guy who knows how to make a bow tie. It will be easy to tell which offic- ers are in the air forces be wearing wing-tip collars. For formal occasions the full dress uniform will probably be top hat white tic and cartridge belt. If it's extremely formal, they'll wear open-toed army shoes. With formal dress authorized in the army I guess from now on be- ,fore. an officer can be promoted, 24 he'll have to be approved by AdoJphe won't be long be-land 55 miles north of Mukden fore every army handbook will in- clude a chapter by Lucius Beebc. And, of course, from now on the Menjou. And when two second lieutenants meet they won't salute They'll just brush each, other Off. I hear the officer of the guard on one army post was a big hero the other day down dry. The post burned But he saved the laun- Wisconsinites Escape Death in Collision Tunnel City, per- sons escaped death Sunday when their cor was struck and demolished by an eastbound Milwaukee Road Hiawatha at a crossing here. The vehicle was flung 70 feet. Robert Johnson, 27, of Tunnel City and Marian Wehrenbcrg, 22, West Salem, were hospitalized but were not in serious condition. Hamilton Group to Recall Councilmen Hamilton, Ohio A citizens' committee has announced it will circulate petitions to recall four councilmen who voted to suspend City Manager Frank. R. Bucchner. Buechner resigned the city man- ager post at Superior, Wls., 16 months ago, to become city manager here at a salary of per year. He recently was suspended by a four to one vote of the city council. r. cannot bo we produce housing that the bulk of our fam- ilies con afford, unless building costs are lowered." He suggested six ways to try to cut costs: 1. Research to develop more ef- ficient building methods and new kinds of materials. He said Con- gress should give government agen- cies the money to do this. 2. Cities should change buildlntt codes. Some of these codes, or local building laws, force builders to uso high-priced methods when safe building could be done cheaper in other ways. 3. Savings can be made through large-scale projects. (The cost each house Is cheaper, for Instance. If you build 200 houses than if you build one.) Mr. Trumiui said there Is need for more large-scale both at tile construction site and In factories which make parts of houses, or build houses in sections. He said the government can help there with Joans for working capital. 4. Costs can be lowered through cooperatives. This is where a. group of people get together and have their homes built as one big project instead of a series of small ones. The President recommended that Congress make "special provi- sion" for insuring loons to coopera- tives. 5. Ways should be found so that building materials will move from the manufacturer into the home without so much mark-up In prices. Mr. Truman sold the justice dspart- mcnt's anti-trust division is attack- tag price-fixing and dealer restraints which add to housing costs. He asked that Congress give the divi- sion more money. G. Costs also can be cut through an increase in the amount of work (Continued on Pare 16, Column 3.) HOUSES G